[00/27] t: general test cleanup + `set -o pipefail`
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Denton Liu Nov. 15, 2019, 1 a.m. UTC
Patches 1-20 perform some general test cleanup to modernise the style.
They should be relatively uncontroversial and can be merged earlier (or
as a separate series) if desired. The reason these tests were identified
for cleanup was because they failed under `set -o pipefail`.

Patches 21-27 should be considered RFC. In an attempt to catch git
commands failing in the upstream of a pipe, we enable `set -o pipefail`
on Bash. This may result in some funny-looking shell script constructs
(e.g. needing to wrap `grep` since it may "fail") but overall, I think it
is an improvement since we catch failure in more cases.

This change should be backwards compatible with shells that don't
support pipefail since tests that pass under pipefail should be a subset
of tests that can pass without pipefail.

I've tested these patches on Linux, MacOS and Travis[1], although I skipped
CVS, SVN, Apache2 tests (and maybe others?). I'd appreciate help testing
these patches on that regard.

[1]: https://travis-ci.org/Denton-L/git/builds/612133448

Denton Liu (27):
  lib-bash.sh: move `then` onto its own line
  t0014: remove git command upstream of pipe
  t0090: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t3301: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t3600: use test_line_count() where possible
  t3600: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t3600: comment on inducing SIGPIPE in `git rm`
  t4015: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t4015: use test_write_lines()
  t4138: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t5317: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t5317: use ! grep to check for no matching lines
  t5703: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t7501: remove spaces after redirect operators
  t7501: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t7700: drop redirections to /dev/null
  t7700: remove spaces after redirect operators
  t7700: move keywords onto their own line
  t7700: s/test -f/test_path_is_file/
  t7700: stop losing return codes of git commands
  t: define test_grep_return_success()
  t0090: mask failing grep status
  t3600: mark git command as failing
  t5004: ignore SIGPIPE in zipinfo
  t5703: mask failing grep status
  t9902: disable pipefail
  t: run tests with `set -o pipefail` on Bash

 t/README                               |   4 +
 t/lib-bash.sh                          |   3 +-
 t/t0014-alias.sh                       |   4 +-
 t/t0090-cache-tree.sh                  |   5 +-
 t/t3301-notes.sh                       | 230 ++++++++++++++++++-------
 t/t3600-rm.sh                          |  16 +-
 t/t4015-diff-whitespace.sh             | 123 +++++++------
 t/t4138-apply-ws-expansion.sh          |  16 +-
 t/t5004-archive-corner-cases.sh        |   4 +-
 t/t5317-pack-objects-filter-objects.sh |  34 ++--
 t/t5703-upload-pack-ref-in-want.sh     |  52 ++++--
 t/t7501-commit-basic-functionality.sh  |  83 +++++----
 t/t7700-repack.sh                      | 125 ++++++++------
 t/t9902-completion.sh                  |   6 +
 t/test-lib-functions.sh                |   5 +
 t/test-lib.sh                          |  12 ++
 16 files changed, 458 insertions(+), 264 deletions(-)

Comments

Jeff King Nov. 15, 2019, 4:09 a.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, Nov 14, 2019 at 05:00:29PM -0800, Denton Liu wrote:

> Patches 1-20 perform some general test cleanup to modernise the style.
> They should be relatively uncontroversial and can be merged earlier (or
> as a separate series) if desired. The reason these tests were identified
> for cleanup was because they failed under `set -o pipefail`.
> 
> Patches 21-27 should be considered RFC. In an attempt to catch git
> commands failing in the upstream of a pipe, we enable `set -o pipefail`
> on Bash. This may result in some funny-looking shell script constructs
> (e.g. needing to wrap `grep` since it may "fail") but overall, I think it
> is an improvement since we catch failure in more cases.

Using pipefail can have unexpected consequences for other commands if
they rely on SIGPIPE/EPIPE to signal the left-hand side of the pipe.
E.g., this:

  $ set -o pipefail
  $ yes | head >/dev/null
  $ echo $?

will consistently yield 141, since "yes" will always die to SIGPIPE
after "head" stops reading from it.

But much worse, this can be racy. Take something like this (which is a
real snippet in our test suite):

  git status -s -b | head -1

The "head" process will quit after reading one line. What's the exit
code of "git status"? It's either "0", if it managed to write everything
into the pipe buffer before the simultaneously-running "head" closed the
pipe. Or it's 141, if it didn't and got SIGPIPE.

You could argue that "git status" should not be on the left-hand side of
a pipe, but the same holds for any command on the left-hand side. E.g.,
grepping in our test scripts yields some bits like:

  t/t7003-filter-branch.sh:       echo "$faux_gpg_tag" | sed -e s/XXXXXX/$sha1/ | head -n 6 > expect &&
  t/t9400-git-cvsserver-server.sh:   test "$(echo $(grep -v ^D cvswork/CVS/Entries|cut -d/ -f2,3,5 | head -n 1))" = "empty/1.1/" &&

And it's not just "head" that doesn't read all of its input. Another
common one is "grep -q", which can quit as soon as it sees a match.

So I have a feeling that pipefail is going to create more headaches than
it solves.

-Peff