string.h: work around for increased stack usage
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Message ID 20171205140220.f9ce6926dc4f12b13a4ccf6a@linux-foundation.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Andrew Morton Dec. 5, 2017, 10:02 p.m. UTC
On Tue,  5 Dec 2017 22:51:19 +0100 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> wrote:

> The hardened strlen() function causes rather large stack usage in at
> least one file in the kernel, in particular when CONFIG_KASAN is enabled:
> 
> drivers/media/usb/em28xx/em28xx-dvb.c: In function 'em28xx_dvb_init':
> drivers/media/usb/em28xx/em28xx-dvb.c:2062:1: error: the frame size of 3256 bytes is larger than 204 bytes [-Werror=frame-larger-than=]
> 
> Analyzing this problem led to the discovery that gcc fails to merge the
> stack slots for the i2c_board_info[] structures after we strlcpy() into
> them, due to the 'noreturn' attribute on the source string length check.
> 
> I reported this as a gcc bug, but it is unlikely to get fixed for gcc-8,
> since it is relatively easy to work around, and it gets triggered rarely.
> An earlier workaround I did added an empty inline assembly statement
> before the call to fortify_panic(), which works surprisingly well,
> but is really ugly and unintuitive.
> 
> This is a new approach to the same problem, this time addressing it by
> not calling the 'extern __real_strnlen()' function for string constants
> where __builtin_strlen() is a compile-time constant and therefore known
> to be safe. We do this by checking if the last character in the string
> is a compile-time constant '\0'. If it is, we can assume that
> strlen() of the string is also constant. As a side-effect, this should
> also improve the object code output for any other call of strlen()
> on a string constant.
> 
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org

I'll add

Fixes: 6974f0c4555 ("include/linux/string.h: add the option of fortified string.h functions")

to simplify stable@'s life.

> Link: https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=82365
> Link: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9980413/
> Link: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9974047/
> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
>
> ...
>
> --- a/include/linux/string.h
> +++ b/include/linux/string.h
> @@ -259,7 +259,8 @@ __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *p)
>  {
>  	__kernel_size_t ret;
>  	size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
> -	if (p_size == (size_t)-1)
> +	if (p_size == (size_t)-1 ||
> +	    (__builtin_constant_p(p[p_size - 1]) && p[p_size - 1] == '\0'))
>  		return __builtin_strlen(p);
>  	ret = strnlen(p, p_size);
>  	if (p_size <= ret)

Let's have some sympathy for our poor readers?

Patch
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--- a/include/linux/string.h~stringh-work-around-for-increased-stack-usage-fix
+++ a/include/linux/string.h
@@ -259,6 +259,8 @@  __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strlen(
 {
 	__kernel_size_t ret;
 	size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0);
+
+	/* Work around gcc excess stack consumption issue */
 	if (p_size == (size_t)-1 ||
 	    (__builtin_constant_p(p[p_size - 1]) && p[p_size - 1] == '\0'))
 		return __builtin_strlen(p);