PCI: designware: add a check of msi_desc in irqchip
diff mbox

Message ID 591b95bb-edbc-6a57-2da0-17f831cb98f1@windriver.com
State New, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

cao.zou@windriver.com Dec. 22, 2017, 7:38 a.m. UTC
On 12/22/2017 11:04 AM, Cao Zou wrote:
>
>
> On 12/20/2017 12:20 AM, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>> On Mon, Dec 18, 2017 at 10:02:20AM +0800, Cao Zou wrote:
>>>
>>> On 12/16/2017 01:20 AM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>>> On 15/12/17 16:17, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>>>>> [+Marc]
>>>>>
>>>>> On Thu, Dec 14, 2017 at 10:21:23AM +0800, cao.zou@windriver.com 
>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>> From: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> When PCIE host setup, 32 MSI irq descriptions are created, but its
>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, msi_desc is bound in MSI irq requested by PCI 
>>>>>> device,
>>>>>> normally just part of MSI are used, for others not used MSI irqs, 
>>>>>> its
>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, it is dangerous for MSI irq mask when MSI irq 
>>>>>> mask use
>>>>>> the msi_desc to mask irq without checking, normally not used MSI 
>>>>>> irqs are
>>>>>> never masked, it looks fine, but in some specified case, such as 
>>>>>> kdump,
>>>>>> machine_kexec_mask_interrupts will force to mask these not used 
>>>>>> MSI irqs,
>>>>>> than a crash will happen with NULL msi_desc. it is necessary to 
>>>>>> add check
>>>>>> of msi_desc in irqchip, if we still bind the msi_desc only in 
>>>>>> irqs request
>>>>>> and mask MSI irq by msi_desc.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Add dwc_pci_msi_mask/unmask_irq, so we can get a chance to check the
>>>>>> msi_desc.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> here is reproduced crash log in IMX7-SABER board with Intel 1030 
>>>>>> PCI,
>>>>>> when running kdump by "echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger":
>>>>>>
>>>>>> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
>>>>>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual 
>>>>>> address 00000000
>>>>>> pgd = 98ee1839
>>>>>> [00000000] *pgd=00000000
>>>>>> Internal error: Oops: 805 [#1] SMP ARM
>>>>>> Modules linked in:
>>>>>> CPU: 0 PID: 1370 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.15.0-rc3-00033-ga638349 #1
>>>>>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>>>>>> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>> <snip>
>>>>>> Backtrace:
>>>>>> [<c047a15c>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<c047a1f0>] 
>>>>>> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x14/0x18)
>>>>>> [<c047a1dc>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<c011142c>] 
>>>>>> (machine_crash_shutdown+0xd8/0x190)
>>>>>> [<c0111354>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<c01b2924>] 
>>>>>> (__crash_kexec+0x5c/0xa0)
>>>>>> [<c01b28c8>] (__crash_kexec) from [<c01b29dc>] 
>>>>>> (crash_kexec+0x74/0x80)
>>>>>> [<c01b2968>] (crash_kexec) from [<c010cfa4>] (die+0x220/0x358)
>>>>>> [<c010cd84>] (die) from [<c01169f0>] 
>>>>>> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x5c/0x7c)
>>>>>> [<c0116994>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<c0116784>] 
>>>>>> (do_page_fault+0x2cc/0x37c)
>>>>>> [<c01164b8>] (do_page_fault) from [<c0116970>] 
>>>>>> (do_translation_fault+0xb0/0xbc)
>>>>>> [<c01168c0>] (do_translation_fault) from [<c010138c>] 
>>>>>> (do_DataAbort+0x3c/0xbc)
>>>>>> [<c0101350>] (do_DataAbort) from [<c010d944>] (__dabt_svc+0x64/0xa0)
>>>>>> Exception stack(0xec08bdf8 to 0xec08be40)
>>>>>> bde0:                                                       
>>>>>> 00000000 ec08be10
>>>>>> be00: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000001 00000063 00000000 
>>>>>> 00000007 ec08a000
>>>>>> be20: 00000000 ec08be5c ec08be48 ec08be48 c04c46b8 c04c46b8 
>>>>>> 60060013 ffffffff
>>>>>> [<c04c4668>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<c04c4900>] 
>>>>>> (__handle_sysrq+0xe0/0x254)
>>>>>> [<c04c4820>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<c04c4aec>] 
>>>>>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x78/0x90)
>>>>>> [<c04c4a74>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<c029148c>] 
>>>>>> (proc_reg_write+0x68/0x90)
>>>>>> [<c0291424>] (proc_reg_write) from [<c0229ef8>] 
>>>>>> (__vfs_write+0x34/0x12c)
>>>>>> [<c0229ec4>] (__vfs_write) from [<c022a16c>] (vfs_write+0xa8/0x16c)
>>>>>> [<c022a0c4>] (vfs_write) from [<c022a340>] (SyS_write+0x44/0x90)
>>>>>> [<c022a2fc>] (SyS_write) from [<c0108220>] 
>>>>>> (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>   drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 24 
>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++----
>>>>>>   1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c 
>>>>>> b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>> index 81e2157..485c4df 100644
>>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>> @@ -45,12 +45,28 @@ static int dw_pcie_wr_own_conf(struct 
>>>>>> pcie_port *pp, int where, int size,
>>>>>>       return dw_pcie_write(pci->dbi_base + where, size, val);
>>>>>>   }
>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>> +{
>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>> +        pci_msi_mask_irq(data);
>>>>>> +}
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>> +{
>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>> +        pci_msi_unmask_irq(data);
>>>>>> +}
>>>>>> +
>>>>>>   static struct irq_chip dw_msi_irq_chip = {
>>>>>>       .name = "PCI-MSI",
>>>>>> -    .irq_enable = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>> -    .irq_disable = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>> -    .irq_mask = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>> -    .irq_unmask = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>> +    .irq_enable = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>> +    .irq_disable = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>> +    .irq_mask = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>> +    .irq_unmask = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>   };
>>>>> You have to CC me next time please.
>>>>>
>>>>> CC'ed Marc since he knows this code ways better than me and will
>>>>> help us find the right way of fixing it.
>>>>>
>>>>> I do not think that's a DWC-only problem - I see no reason why this
>>>>> would not affect other host bridges still relying on
>>>>> struct msi_controller (that we have to remove from the kernel).
>>>>>
>>>>> I do not think that this code is an actual fix but a plaster to
>>>>> paper over the issue - I will have a look into this as soon as
>>>>> possible to come up with an actual fix.
>>>> Yeah, this looks mad. The problem is that this seems to allocate
>>>> interrupts upfront, without being bound to an MSI. What could possibly
>>>> go wrong? And that's definitely not the only one (pci-tegra.c is one
>>>> fine example too).
>>>>
>>>> Until we take msi_controller and co to the backyard, how about the
>>>> following:
>>>>
>>>> >From b4aa5d20ee7b716795ac875e180f564fe0f52de6 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 
>>>> 2001
>>>> From: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>> Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 17:10:14 +0000
>>>> Subject: [PATCH] PCI/MSI: Don't try to mask/unmask an MSI that 
>>>> doesn't have an
>>>>   msi_desc
>>>>
>>>> There are a lot of MSI drivers out there that preallocate their
>>>> interrupts but not the corresponding MSIs. That's a prettty
>>>> naughty behaviour. On a kexec crash, we try to shut down all
>>>> the interrupts by calling the disable/mask methods.
>>>>
>>>> On these drivers, pci_msi_mask_irq() is unconditionnaly called,
>>>> leading to a crash. You wanted a crash kernel, right?
>>>>
>>>> So let's paper over the issue for the time being by detecting
>>>> the NULL msi_desc in msi_set_mask_bit(). Eventually, these drivers
>>>> will have to be fixed...
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>> ---
>>>>   drivers/pci/msi.c | 3 +++
>>>>   1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/msi.c b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>> index e06607167858..a5042cc8f3fc 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>> @@ -227,6 +227,9 @@ static void msi_set_mask_bit(struct irq_data 
>>>> *data, u32 flag)
>>>>   {
>>>>       struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>> +    if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!"))
>>>> +        return;
>>>> +
>>>>       if (desc->msi_attrib.is_msix) {
>>>>           msix_mask_irq(desc, flag);
>>>>           readl(desc->mask_base);        /* Flush write to device */
>>> For "if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!")",  it is a good way,
>>> just one problem. how to fix the kexec/kdump?  this WARN_ONCE can tell
>>> the pci dirver to fix the MIS bound problem, but in kexec/kdump, it
>>> will force to mask all MSI,  it means that there are a lot of WARNINGS
>>> when running kexec/kdump.
>> There will be one warning as Marc said. Mind testing Marc's patch
>> and reporting the result on the mailing list please if you want
>> the issue fixed ?
>>
>> Thanks,
>> Lorenzo
>>
> Hi Lorenzo:
>   Of course it can fix this issue, but  warning will be seen in every  
> time when running kdump
>
>
> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrandom: crng init done
>
> sys/           sysrq-trigger  sysvipc/
> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 
> 00000000
> pgd = a9470000
> [00000000] *pgd=a9474835, *pte=00000000, *ppte=00000000
> Internal error: Oops: 817 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ARM
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
> task: a86e5400 task.stack: a9438000
> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c
> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x2c/0x3c
> pc : [<8059576c>]    lr : [<80595768>]    psr: 600e0013
> sp : a9439eb8  ip : a9439eb8  fp : a9439ecc
> r10: 00000000  r9 : a9438000  r8 : 00000001
> r7 : 00000000  r6 : 00000063  r5 : 00000007  r4 : 00000001
> r3 : 00000000  r2 : a9439ea0  r1 : ab615434  r0 : 00000063
> Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment none
> Control: 10c5387d  Table: a947006a  DAC: 00000051
> Process sh (pid: 369, stack limit = 0xa9438210)
> Stack: (0xa9439eb8 to 0xa943a000)
> 9ea0: 8059573c 8106f41c
> 9ec0: a9439eec a9439ed0 80595968 80595748 00000002 a8451444 a8451400 
> 00000000
> 9ee0: a9439f04 a9439ef0 80595a78 805958c4 a9439f78 a8451444 a9439f2c 
> a9439f08
> 9f00: 802c570c 80595a1c 802c5698 00000000 00000002 001042a8 a9439f78 
> 001042a8
> 9f20: a9439f44 a9439f30 80268078 802c56a4 a9439f78 a901d6c0 a9439f74 
> a9439f48
> 9f40: 80269598 8026805c 80286cac 80286c1c 00000000 00000000 a901d6c0 
> a901d6c0
> 9f60: 00000002 001042a8 a9439fa4 a9439f78 8026982c 802694e4 00000000 
> 00000000
> 9f80: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 80107f68 00000000 00000000 
> a9439fa8
> 9fa0: 80107d60 802697ec 00000002 001042a8 00000001 001042a8 00000002 
> 00000000
> 9fc0: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 00000002 00000002 00000000 
> 00000000
> 9fe0: 00000444 7e9d4980 76e466f0 76e9e41c 600e0010 00000001 3dbfa0e8 
> a39746c6
> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>] 
> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>] 
> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>] 
> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
> Code: e5834000 f57ff04e ebee0bee e3a03000 (e5c34000)
> ------------[ cut here ]------------
> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 369 at 
> /export/disk1T/linux-yocto-4.12/drivers/pci/msi.c:230 
> msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0
> NULL MSI descriptor!
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
> [<80111a50>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<8010c110>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
> [<8010c110>] (show_stack) from [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack+0x80/0xa0)
> [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack) from [<8012a2f4>] (__warn+0xe4/0x114)
> [<8012a2f4>] (__warn) from [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x48/0x50)
> [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<8052f380>] 
> (msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0)
> [<8052f380>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<8052f41c>] 
> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x1c/0x20)
> [<8052f41c>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<80110224>] 
> (machine_crash_shutdown+0x108/0x174)
> [<80110224>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<801a7244>] 
> (__crash_kexec+0x88/0xac)
> [<801a7244>] (__crash_kexec) from [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec+0x68/0x78)
> [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec) from [<8010c46c>] (die+0x358/0x47c)
> [<8010c46c>] (die) from [<8011ccbc>] 
> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x64/0x1f4)
> [<8011ccbc>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<80ade250>] 
> (do_page_fault+0x348/0x3d4)
> [<80ade250>] (do_page_fault) from [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort+0x44/0xc4)
> [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort) from [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc+0x58/0x80)
> Exception stack(0xa9439e68 to 0xa9439eb0)
> 9e60:                   00000063 ab615434 a9439ea0 00000000 00000001 
> 00000007
> 9e80: 00000063 00000000 00000001 a9438000 00000000 a9439ecc a9439eb8 
> a9439eb8
> 9ea0: 80595768 8059576c 600e0013 ffffffff
> [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc) from [<8059576c>] 
> (sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c)
> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>] 
> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>] 
> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>] 
> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
> ---[ end trace 7a853bb920d02801 ]---
> Loading crashdump kernel...
> Bye!
> Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
> Linux version 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ (czou@pek-czou-u14) (gcc version 
> 4.7.3 20130226 (prerelease) (crosstool-NG 
> linaro-1.13.1-4.7-2013.03-20130313 - Linaro GCC 2013.03) ) #98 SMP 
> PREEMPT Fri Dec 22 10:59:43 CST7
> CPU: ARMv7 Processor [410fc075] revision 5 (ARMv7), cr=10c5387d
> CPU: div instructions available: patching division code
> CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
> OF: fdt: Machine model: Freescale i.MX7 SabreSD Board
> OF: fdt: Ignoring memory range 0x80000000 - 0x88000000
> Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
> OF: reserved mem: failed to allocate memory for node 'linux,cma'
> cma: Failed to reserve 320 MiB
> percpu: Embedded 17 pages/cpu @8fc75000 s38016 r8192 d23424 u69632
> Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 
> 64706
> Kernel command line: console=ttymxc0,115200 root=/dev/nfs ip=dhcp 
> nfsroot=128.224.162.234:/var/lib/tftp/nfs/rootfs_imx7wrl10,v3 
> maxcpus=1 elfcorehdr=0x9cf00000 mem=261120K
> PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
> Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
> Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
> Memory: 241716K/261120K available (10240K kernel code, 778K rwdata, 
> 2388K rodata, 1024K init, 364K bss, 19404K reserved, 0K cma-reserved, 
> 0K highmem)
> Virtual kernel memory layout:
>     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
>     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
>     vmalloc : 0x90000000 - 0xff800000   (1784 MB)
>     lowmem  : 0x80000000 - 0x8ff00000   ( 255 MB)
>     pkmap   : 0x7fe00000 - 0x80000000   (   2 MB)
>
> Regards,
> czou
>
Hi Marc:
   I have a better way to fix it, just use dynamic allocate the irq_desc 
in MSI irq setup,
remove the irq_desc allocate in dw_pcie_host_init, how do you think

patch as follow:
          * irq_create_mapping (called from dw_pcie_host_init) pre-allocates
@@ -408,9 +412,6 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
                                 ret = -ENXIO;
                                 goto error;
                         }
-
-                       for (i = 0; i < MAX_MSI_IRQS; i++)
- irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, i);
                 } else {
                         ret = pp->ops->msi_host_init(pp, 
&dw_pcie_msi_chip);
                         if (ret < 0)

Regards,
czou

Comments

cao.zou@windriver.com Dec. 22, 2017, 7:39 a.m. UTC | #1
On 12/22/2017 03:38 PM, Cao Zou wrote:
>
>
> On 12/22/2017 11:04 AM, Cao Zou wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 12/20/2017 12:20 AM, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>>> On Mon, Dec 18, 2017 at 10:02:20AM +0800, Cao Zou wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On 12/16/2017 01:20 AM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>>>> On 15/12/17 16:17, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>>>>>> [+Marc]
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Thu, Dec 14, 2017 at 10:21:23AM +0800, cao.zou@windriver.com 
>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>> From: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> When PCIE host setup, 32 MSI irq descriptions are created, but its
>>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, msi_desc is bound in MSI irq requested by PCI 
>>>>>>> device,
>>>>>>> normally just part of MSI are used, for others not used MSI 
>>>>>>> irqs, its
>>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, it is dangerous for MSI irq mask when MSI irq 
>>>>>>> mask use
>>>>>>> the msi_desc to mask irq without checking, normally not used MSI 
>>>>>>> irqs are
>>>>>>> never masked, it looks fine, but in some specified case, such as 
>>>>>>> kdump,
>>>>>>> machine_kexec_mask_interrupts will force to mask these not used 
>>>>>>> MSI irqs,
>>>>>>> than a crash will happen with NULL msi_desc. it is necessary to 
>>>>>>> add check
>>>>>>> of msi_desc in irqchip, if we still bind the msi_desc only in 
>>>>>>> irqs request
>>>>>>> and mask MSI irq by msi_desc.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Add dwc_pci_msi_mask/unmask_irq, so we can get a chance to check 
>>>>>>> the
>>>>>>> msi_desc.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> here is reproduced crash log in IMX7-SABER board with Intel 1030 
>>>>>>> PCI,
>>>>>>> when running kdump by "echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger":
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
>>>>>>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual 
>>>>>>> address 00000000
>>>>>>> pgd = 98ee1839
>>>>>>> [00000000] *pgd=00000000
>>>>>>> Internal error: Oops: 805 [#1] SMP ARM
>>>>>>> Modules linked in:
>>>>>>> CPU: 0 PID: 1370 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.15.0-rc3-00033-ga638349 #1
>>>>>>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>>>>>>> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>>> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>>> <snip>
>>>>>>> Backtrace:
>>>>>>> [<c047a15c>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<c047a1f0>] 
>>>>>>> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x14/0x18)
>>>>>>> [<c047a1dc>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<c011142c>] 
>>>>>>> (machine_crash_shutdown+0xd8/0x190)
>>>>>>> [<c0111354>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<c01b2924>] 
>>>>>>> (__crash_kexec+0x5c/0xa0)
>>>>>>> [<c01b28c8>] (__crash_kexec) from [<c01b29dc>] 
>>>>>>> (crash_kexec+0x74/0x80)
>>>>>>> [<c01b2968>] (crash_kexec) from [<c010cfa4>] (die+0x220/0x358)
>>>>>>> [<c010cd84>] (die) from [<c01169f0>] 
>>>>>>> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x5c/0x7c)
>>>>>>> [<c0116994>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<c0116784>] 
>>>>>>> (do_page_fault+0x2cc/0x37c)
>>>>>>> [<c01164b8>] (do_page_fault) from [<c0116970>] 
>>>>>>> (do_translation_fault+0xb0/0xbc)
>>>>>>> [<c01168c0>] (do_translation_fault) from [<c010138c>] 
>>>>>>> (do_DataAbort+0x3c/0xbc)
>>>>>>> [<c0101350>] (do_DataAbort) from [<c010d944>] 
>>>>>>> (__dabt_svc+0x64/0xa0)
>>>>>>> Exception stack(0xec08bdf8 to 0xec08be40)
>>>>>>> bde0:                                                       
>>>>>>> 00000000 ec08be10
>>>>>>> be00: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000001 00000063 00000000 
>>>>>>> 00000007 ec08a000
>>>>>>> be20: 00000000 ec08be5c ec08be48 ec08be48 c04c46b8 c04c46b8 
>>>>>>> 60060013 ffffffff
>>>>>>> [<c04c4668>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<c04c4900>] 
>>>>>>> (__handle_sysrq+0xe0/0x254)
>>>>>>> [<c04c4820>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<c04c4aec>] 
>>>>>>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x78/0x90)
>>>>>>> [<c04c4a74>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<c029148c>] 
>>>>>>> (proc_reg_write+0x68/0x90)
>>>>>>> [<c0291424>] (proc_reg_write) from [<c0229ef8>] 
>>>>>>> (__vfs_write+0x34/0x12c)
>>>>>>> [<c0229ec4>] (__vfs_write) from [<c022a16c>] (vfs_write+0xa8/0x16c)
>>>>>>> [<c022a0c4>] (vfs_write) from [<c022a340>] (SyS_write+0x44/0x90)
>>>>>>> [<c022a2fc>] (SyS_write) from [<c0108220>] 
>>>>>>> (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>   drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 24 
>>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++----
>>>>>>>   1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c 
>>>>>>> b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>> index 81e2157..485c4df 100644
>>>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>> @@ -45,12 +45,28 @@ static int dw_pcie_wr_own_conf(struct 
>>>>>>> pcie_port *pp, int where, int size,
>>>>>>>       return dw_pcie_write(pci->dbi_base + where, size, val);
>>>>>>>   }
>>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>>> +        pci_msi_mask_irq(data);
>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>>> +        pci_msi_unmask_irq(data);
>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>   static struct irq_chip dw_msi_irq_chip = {
>>>>>>>       .name = "PCI-MSI",
>>>>>>> -    .irq_enable = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>> -    .irq_disable = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> -    .irq_mask = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> -    .irq_unmask = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_enable = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_disable = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_mask = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_unmask = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>>   };
>>>>>> You have to CC me next time please.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> CC'ed Marc since he knows this code ways better than me and will
>>>>>> help us find the right way of fixing it.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I do not think that's a DWC-only problem - I see no reason why this
>>>>>> would not affect other host bridges still relying on
>>>>>> struct msi_controller (that we have to remove from the kernel).
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I do not think that this code is an actual fix but a plaster to
>>>>>> paper over the issue - I will have a look into this as soon as
>>>>>> possible to come up with an actual fix.
>>>>> Yeah, this looks mad. The problem is that this seems to allocate
>>>>> interrupts upfront, without being bound to an MSI. What could 
>>>>> possibly
>>>>> go wrong? And that's definitely not the only one (pci-tegra.c is one
>>>>> fine example too).
>>>>>
>>>>> Until we take msi_controller and co to the backyard, how about the
>>>>> following:
>>>>>
>>>>> >From b4aa5d20ee7b716795ac875e180f564fe0f52de6 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 
>>>>> 2001
>>>>> From: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>>> Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 17:10:14 +0000
>>>>> Subject: [PATCH] PCI/MSI: Don't try to mask/unmask an MSI that 
>>>>> doesn't have an
>>>>>   msi_desc
>>>>>
>>>>> There are a lot of MSI drivers out there that preallocate their
>>>>> interrupts but not the corresponding MSIs. That's a prettty
>>>>> naughty behaviour. On a kexec crash, we try to shut down all
>>>>> the interrupts by calling the disable/mask methods.
>>>>>
>>>>> On these drivers, pci_msi_mask_irq() is unconditionnaly called,
>>>>> leading to a crash. You wanted a crash kernel, right?
>>>>>
>>>>> So let's paper over the issue for the time being by detecting
>>>>> the NULL msi_desc in msi_set_mask_bit(). Eventually, these drivers
>>>>> will have to be fixed...
>>>>>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>>   drivers/pci/msi.c | 3 +++
>>>>>   1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/msi.c b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>> index e06607167858..a5042cc8f3fc 100644
>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>> @@ -227,6 +227,9 @@ static void msi_set_mask_bit(struct irq_data 
>>>>> *data, u32 flag)
>>>>>   {
>>>>>       struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>> +    if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!"))
>>>>> +        return;
>>>>> +
>>>>>       if (desc->msi_attrib.is_msix) {
>>>>>           msix_mask_irq(desc, flag);
>>>>>           readl(desc->mask_base);        /* Flush write to device */
>>>> For "if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!")",  it is a good way,
>>>> just one problem. how to fix the kexec/kdump?  this WARN_ONCE can tell
>>>> the pci dirver to fix the MIS bound problem, but in kexec/kdump, it
>>>> will force to mask all MSI,  it means that there are a lot of WARNINGS
>>>> when running kexec/kdump.
>>> There will be one warning as Marc said. Mind testing Marc's patch
>>> and reporting the result on the mailing list please if you want
>>> the issue fixed ?
>>>
>>> Thanks,
>>> Lorenzo
>>>
>> Hi Lorenzo:
>>   Of course it can fix this issue, but  warning will be seen in 
>> every  time when running kdump
>>
>>
>> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrandom: crng init done
>>
>> sys/           sysrq-trigger  sysvipc/
>> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
>> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 
>> 00000000
>> pgd = a9470000
>> [00000000] *pgd=a9474835, *pte=00000000, *ppte=00000000
>> Internal error: Oops: 817 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ARM
>> Modules linked in:
>> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>> task: a86e5400 task.stack: a9438000
>> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c
>> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x2c/0x3c
>> pc : [<8059576c>]    lr : [<80595768>]    psr: 600e0013
>> sp : a9439eb8  ip : a9439eb8  fp : a9439ecc
>> r10: 00000000  r9 : a9438000  r8 : 00000001
>> r7 : 00000000  r6 : 00000063  r5 : 00000007  r4 : 00000001
>> r3 : 00000000  r2 : a9439ea0  r1 : ab615434  r0 : 00000063
>> Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment none
>> Control: 10c5387d  Table: a947006a  DAC: 00000051
>> Process sh (pid: 369, stack limit = 0xa9438210)
>> Stack: (0xa9439eb8 to 0xa943a000)
>> 9ea0: 8059573c 8106f41c
>> 9ec0: a9439eec a9439ed0 80595968 80595748 00000002 a8451444 a8451400 
>> 00000000
>> 9ee0: a9439f04 a9439ef0 80595a78 805958c4 a9439f78 a8451444 a9439f2c 
>> a9439f08
>> 9f00: 802c570c 80595a1c 802c5698 00000000 00000002 001042a8 a9439f78 
>> 001042a8
>> 9f20: a9439f44 a9439f30 80268078 802c56a4 a9439f78 a901d6c0 a9439f74 
>> a9439f48
>> 9f40: 80269598 8026805c 80286cac 80286c1c 00000000 00000000 a901d6c0 
>> a901d6c0
>> 9f60: 00000002 001042a8 a9439fa4 a9439f78 8026982c 802694e4 00000000 
>> 00000000
>> 9f80: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 80107f68 00000000 00000000 
>> a9439fa8
>> 9fa0: 80107d60 802697ec 00000002 001042a8 00000001 001042a8 00000002 
>> 00000000
>> 9fc0: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 00000002 00000002 00000000 
>> 00000000
>> 9fe0: 00000444 7e9d4980 76e466f0 76e9e41c 600e0010 00000001 3dbfa0e8 
>> a39746c6
>> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>] 
>> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
>> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>] 
>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
>> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>] 
>> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
>> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
>> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
>> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
>> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
>> Code: e5834000 f57ff04e ebee0bee e3a03000 (e5c34000)
>> ------------[ cut here ]------------
>> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 369 at 
>> /export/disk1T/linux-yocto-4.12/drivers/pci/msi.c:230 
>> msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0
>> NULL MSI descriptor!
>> Modules linked in:
>> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>> [<80111a50>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<8010c110>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
>> [<8010c110>] (show_stack) from [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack+0x80/0xa0)
>> [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack) from [<8012a2f4>] (__warn+0xe4/0x114)
>> [<8012a2f4>] (__warn) from [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x48/0x50)
>> [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<8052f380>] 
>> (msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0)
>> [<8052f380>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<8052f41c>] 
>> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x1c/0x20)
>> [<8052f41c>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<80110224>] 
>> (machine_crash_shutdown+0x108/0x174)
>> [<80110224>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<801a7244>] 
>> (__crash_kexec+0x88/0xac)
>> [<801a7244>] (__crash_kexec) from [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec+0x68/0x78)
>> [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec) from [<8010c46c>] (die+0x358/0x47c)
>> [<8010c46c>] (die) from [<8011ccbc>] 
>> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x64/0x1f4)
>> [<8011ccbc>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<80ade250>] 
>> (do_page_fault+0x348/0x3d4)
>> [<80ade250>] (do_page_fault) from [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort+0x44/0xc4)
>> [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort) from [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc+0x58/0x80)
>> Exception stack(0xa9439e68 to 0xa9439eb0)
>> 9e60:                   00000063 ab615434 a9439ea0 00000000 00000001 
>> 00000007
>> 9e80: 00000063 00000000 00000001 a9438000 00000000 a9439ecc a9439eb8 
>> a9439eb8
>> 9ea0: 80595768 8059576c 600e0013 ffffffff
>> [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc) from [<8059576c>] 
>> (sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c)
>> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>] 
>> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
>> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>] 
>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
>> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>] 
>> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
>> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
>> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
>> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
>> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
>> ---[ end trace 7a853bb920d02801 ]---
>> Loading crashdump kernel...
>> Bye!
>> Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
>> Linux version 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ (czou@pek-czou-u14) (gcc 
>> version 4.7.3 20130226 (prerelease) (crosstool-NG 
>> linaro-1.13.1-4.7-2013.03-20130313 - Linaro GCC 2013.03) ) #98 SMP 
>> PREEMPT Fri Dec 22 10:59:43 CST7
>> CPU: ARMv7 Processor [410fc075] revision 5 (ARMv7), cr=10c5387d
>> CPU: div instructions available: patching division code
>> CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
>> OF: fdt: Machine model: Freescale i.MX7 SabreSD Board
>> OF: fdt: Ignoring memory range 0x80000000 - 0x88000000
>> Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
>> OF: reserved mem: failed to allocate memory for node 'linux,cma'
>> cma: Failed to reserve 320 MiB
>> percpu: Embedded 17 pages/cpu @8fc75000 s38016 r8192 d23424 u69632
>> Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 
>> 64706
>> Kernel command line: console=ttymxc0,115200 root=/dev/nfs ip=dhcp 
>> nfsroot=128.224.162.234:/var/lib/tftp/nfs/rootfs_imx7wrl10,v3 
>> maxcpus=1 elfcorehdr=0x9cf00000 mem=261120K
>> PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
>> Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
>> Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
>> Memory: 241716K/261120K available (10240K kernel code, 778K rwdata, 
>> 2388K rodata, 1024K init, 364K bss, 19404K reserved, 0K cma-reserved, 
>> 0K highmem)
>> Virtual kernel memory layout:
>>     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
>>     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
>>     vmalloc : 0x90000000 - 0xff800000   (1784 MB)
>>     lowmem  : 0x80000000 - 0x8ff00000   ( 255 MB)
>>     pkmap   : 0x7fe00000 - 0x80000000   (   2 MB)
>>
>> Regards,
>> czou
>>
Add Marc.
> Hi Marc:
>   I have a better way to fix it, just use dynamic allocate the 
> irq_desc in MSI irq setup,
> remove the irq_desc allocate in dw_pcie_host_init, how do you think
>
> patch as follow:
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c 
> b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> index 5006d55..0426120 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> @@ -168,8 +168,12 @@ static int assign_irq(int no_irqs, struct 
> msi_desc *desc, int *pos)
>                 goto no_valid_irq;
>
>         irq = irq_find_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
> -       if (!irq)
> -               goto no_valid_irq;
> +
> +       if (!irq) {
> +               irq = irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
> +               if (!irq)
> +                       goto no_valid_irq;
> +       }
>
>         /*
>          * irq_create_mapping (called from dw_pcie_host_init) 
> pre-allocates
> @@ -408,9 +412,6 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
>                                 ret = -ENXIO;
>                                 goto error;
>                         }
> -
> -                       for (i = 0; i < MAX_MSI_IRQS; i++)
> - irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, i);
>                 } else {
>                         ret = pp->ops->msi_host_init(pp, 
> &dw_pcie_msi_chip);
>                         if (ret < 0)
>
> Regards,
> czou
>
Marc Zyngier Dec. 22, 2017, 9:35 a.m. UTC | #2
On 22/12/17 07:38, Cao Zou wrote:
> 
> 
> On 12/22/2017 11:04 AM, Cao Zou wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 12/20/2017 12:20 AM, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>>> On Mon, Dec 18, 2017 at 10:02:20AM +0800, Cao Zou wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On 12/16/2017 01:20 AM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>>>> On 15/12/17 16:17, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>>>>>> [+Marc]
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Thu, Dec 14, 2017 at 10:21:23AM +0800, cao.zou@windriver.com 
>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>> From: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> When PCIE host setup, 32 MSI irq descriptions are created, but its
>>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, msi_desc is bound in MSI irq requested by PCI 
>>>>>>> device,
>>>>>>> normally just part of MSI are used, for others not used MSI irqs, 
>>>>>>> its
>>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, it is dangerous for MSI irq mask when MSI irq 
>>>>>>> mask use
>>>>>>> the msi_desc to mask irq without checking, normally not used MSI 
>>>>>>> irqs are
>>>>>>> never masked, it looks fine, but in some specified case, such as 
>>>>>>> kdump,
>>>>>>> machine_kexec_mask_interrupts will force to mask these not used 
>>>>>>> MSI irqs,
>>>>>>> than a crash will happen with NULL msi_desc. it is necessary to 
>>>>>>> add check
>>>>>>> of msi_desc in irqchip, if we still bind the msi_desc only in 
>>>>>>> irqs request
>>>>>>> and mask MSI irq by msi_desc.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Add dwc_pci_msi_mask/unmask_irq, so we can get a chance to check the
>>>>>>> msi_desc.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> here is reproduced crash log in IMX7-SABER board with Intel 1030 
>>>>>>> PCI,
>>>>>>> when running kdump by "echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger":
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
>>>>>>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual 
>>>>>>> address 00000000
>>>>>>> pgd = 98ee1839
>>>>>>> [00000000] *pgd=00000000
>>>>>>> Internal error: Oops: 805 [#1] SMP ARM
>>>>>>> Modules linked in:
>>>>>>> CPU: 0 PID: 1370 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.15.0-rc3-00033-ga638349 #1
>>>>>>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>>>>>>> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>>> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>>> <snip>
>>>>>>> Backtrace:
>>>>>>> [<c047a15c>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<c047a1f0>] 
>>>>>>> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x14/0x18)
>>>>>>> [<c047a1dc>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<c011142c>] 
>>>>>>> (machine_crash_shutdown+0xd8/0x190)
>>>>>>> [<c0111354>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<c01b2924>] 
>>>>>>> (__crash_kexec+0x5c/0xa0)
>>>>>>> [<c01b28c8>] (__crash_kexec) from [<c01b29dc>] 
>>>>>>> (crash_kexec+0x74/0x80)
>>>>>>> [<c01b2968>] (crash_kexec) from [<c010cfa4>] (die+0x220/0x358)
>>>>>>> [<c010cd84>] (die) from [<c01169f0>] 
>>>>>>> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x5c/0x7c)
>>>>>>> [<c0116994>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<c0116784>] 
>>>>>>> (do_page_fault+0x2cc/0x37c)
>>>>>>> [<c01164b8>] (do_page_fault) from [<c0116970>] 
>>>>>>> (do_translation_fault+0xb0/0xbc)
>>>>>>> [<c01168c0>] (do_translation_fault) from [<c010138c>] 
>>>>>>> (do_DataAbort+0x3c/0xbc)
>>>>>>> [<c0101350>] (do_DataAbort) from [<c010d944>] (__dabt_svc+0x64/0xa0)
>>>>>>> Exception stack(0xec08bdf8 to 0xec08be40)
>>>>>>> bde0:                                                       
>>>>>>> 00000000 ec08be10
>>>>>>> be00: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000001 00000063 00000000 
>>>>>>> 00000007 ec08a000
>>>>>>> be20: 00000000 ec08be5c ec08be48 ec08be48 c04c46b8 c04c46b8 
>>>>>>> 60060013 ffffffff
>>>>>>> [<c04c4668>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<c04c4900>] 
>>>>>>> (__handle_sysrq+0xe0/0x254)
>>>>>>> [<c04c4820>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<c04c4aec>] 
>>>>>>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x78/0x90)
>>>>>>> [<c04c4a74>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<c029148c>] 
>>>>>>> (proc_reg_write+0x68/0x90)
>>>>>>> [<c0291424>] (proc_reg_write) from [<c0229ef8>] 
>>>>>>> (__vfs_write+0x34/0x12c)
>>>>>>> [<c0229ec4>] (__vfs_write) from [<c022a16c>] (vfs_write+0xa8/0x16c)
>>>>>>> [<c022a0c4>] (vfs_write) from [<c022a340>] (SyS_write+0x44/0x90)
>>>>>>> [<c022a2fc>] (SyS_write) from [<c0108220>] 
>>>>>>> (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>   drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 24 
>>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++----
>>>>>>>   1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c 
>>>>>>> b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>> index 81e2157..485c4df 100644
>>>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>> @@ -45,12 +45,28 @@ static int dw_pcie_wr_own_conf(struct 
>>>>>>> pcie_port *pp, int where, int size,
>>>>>>>       return dw_pcie_write(pci->dbi_base + where, size, val);
>>>>>>>   }
>>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>>> +        pci_msi_mask_irq(data);
>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>>> +        pci_msi_unmask_irq(data);
>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>   static struct irq_chip dw_msi_irq_chip = {
>>>>>>>       .name = "PCI-MSI",
>>>>>>> -    .irq_enable = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>> -    .irq_disable = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> -    .irq_mask = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> -    .irq_unmask = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_enable = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_disable = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_mask = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>> +    .irq_unmask = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>>   };
>>>>>> You have to CC me next time please.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> CC'ed Marc since he knows this code ways better than me and will
>>>>>> help us find the right way of fixing it.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I do not think that's a DWC-only problem - I see no reason why this
>>>>>> would not affect other host bridges still relying on
>>>>>> struct msi_controller (that we have to remove from the kernel).
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I do not think that this code is an actual fix but a plaster to
>>>>>> paper over the issue - I will have a look into this as soon as
>>>>>> possible to come up with an actual fix.
>>>>> Yeah, this looks mad. The problem is that this seems to allocate
>>>>> interrupts upfront, without being bound to an MSI. What could possibly
>>>>> go wrong? And that's definitely not the only one (pci-tegra.c is one
>>>>> fine example too).
>>>>>
>>>>> Until we take msi_controller and co to the backyard, how about the
>>>>> following:
>>>>>
>>>>> >From b4aa5d20ee7b716795ac875e180f564fe0f52de6 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 
>>>>> 2001
>>>>> From: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>>> Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 17:10:14 +0000
>>>>> Subject: [PATCH] PCI/MSI: Don't try to mask/unmask an MSI that 
>>>>> doesn't have an
>>>>>   msi_desc
>>>>>
>>>>> There are a lot of MSI drivers out there that preallocate their
>>>>> interrupts but not the corresponding MSIs. That's a prettty
>>>>> naughty behaviour. On a kexec crash, we try to shut down all
>>>>> the interrupts by calling the disable/mask methods.
>>>>>
>>>>> On these drivers, pci_msi_mask_irq() is unconditionnaly called,
>>>>> leading to a crash. You wanted a crash kernel, right?
>>>>>
>>>>> So let's paper over the issue for the time being by detecting
>>>>> the NULL msi_desc in msi_set_mask_bit(). Eventually, these drivers
>>>>> will have to be fixed...
>>>>>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>>> ---
>>>>>   drivers/pci/msi.c | 3 +++
>>>>>   1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
>>>>>
>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/msi.c b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>> index e06607167858..a5042cc8f3fc 100644
>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>> @@ -227,6 +227,9 @@ static void msi_set_mask_bit(struct irq_data 
>>>>> *data, u32 flag)
>>>>>   {
>>>>>       struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>> +    if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!"))
>>>>> +        return;
>>>>> +
>>>>>       if (desc->msi_attrib.is_msix) {
>>>>>           msix_mask_irq(desc, flag);
>>>>>           readl(desc->mask_base);        /* Flush write to device */
>>>> For "if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!")",  it is a good way,
>>>> just one problem. how to fix the kexec/kdump?  this WARN_ONCE can tell
>>>> the pci dirver to fix the MIS bound problem, but in kexec/kdump, it
>>>> will force to mask all MSI,  it means that there are a lot of WARNINGS
>>>> when running kexec/kdump.
>>> There will be one warning as Marc said. Mind testing Marc's patch
>>> and reporting the result on the mailing list please if you want
>>> the issue fixed ?
>>>
>>> Thanks,
>>> Lorenzo
>>>
>> Hi Lorenzo:
>>   Of course it can fix this issue, but  warning will be seen in every  
>> time when running kdump
>>
>>
>> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrandom: crng init done
>>
>> sys/           sysrq-trigger  sysvipc/
>> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
>> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 
>> 00000000
>> pgd = a9470000
>> [00000000] *pgd=a9474835, *pte=00000000, *ppte=00000000
>> Internal error: Oops: 817 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ARM
>> Modules linked in:
>> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>> task: a86e5400 task.stack: a9438000
>> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c
>> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x2c/0x3c
>> pc : [<8059576c>]    lr : [<80595768>]    psr: 600e0013
>> sp : a9439eb8  ip : a9439eb8  fp : a9439ecc
>> r10: 00000000  r9 : a9438000  r8 : 00000001
>> r7 : 00000000  r6 : 00000063  r5 : 00000007  r4 : 00000001
>> r3 : 00000000  r2 : a9439ea0  r1 : ab615434  r0 : 00000063
>> Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment none
>> Control: 10c5387d  Table: a947006a  DAC: 00000051
>> Process sh (pid: 369, stack limit = 0xa9438210)
>> Stack: (0xa9439eb8 to 0xa943a000)
>> 9ea0: 8059573c 8106f41c
>> 9ec0: a9439eec a9439ed0 80595968 80595748 00000002 a8451444 a8451400 
>> 00000000
>> 9ee0: a9439f04 a9439ef0 80595a78 805958c4 a9439f78 a8451444 a9439f2c 
>> a9439f08
>> 9f00: 802c570c 80595a1c 802c5698 00000000 00000002 001042a8 a9439f78 
>> 001042a8
>> 9f20: a9439f44 a9439f30 80268078 802c56a4 a9439f78 a901d6c0 a9439f74 
>> a9439f48
>> 9f40: 80269598 8026805c 80286cac 80286c1c 00000000 00000000 a901d6c0 
>> a901d6c0
>> 9f60: 00000002 001042a8 a9439fa4 a9439f78 8026982c 802694e4 00000000 
>> 00000000
>> 9f80: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 80107f68 00000000 00000000 
>> a9439fa8
>> 9fa0: 80107d60 802697ec 00000002 001042a8 00000001 001042a8 00000002 
>> 00000000
>> 9fc0: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 00000002 00000002 00000000 
>> 00000000
>> 9fe0: 00000444 7e9d4980 76e466f0 76e9e41c 600e0010 00000001 3dbfa0e8 
>> a39746c6
>> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>] 
>> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
>> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>] 
>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
>> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>] 
>> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
>> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
>> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
>> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
>> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
>> Code: e5834000 f57ff04e ebee0bee e3a03000 (e5c34000)
>> ------------[ cut here ]------------
>> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 369 at 
>> /export/disk1T/linux-yocto-4.12/drivers/pci/msi.c:230 
>> msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0
>> NULL MSI descriptor!
>> Modules linked in:
>> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>> [<80111a50>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<8010c110>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
>> [<8010c110>] (show_stack) from [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack+0x80/0xa0)
>> [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack) from [<8012a2f4>] (__warn+0xe4/0x114)
>> [<8012a2f4>] (__warn) from [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x48/0x50)
>> [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<8052f380>] 
>> (msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0)
>> [<8052f380>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<8052f41c>] 
>> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x1c/0x20)
>> [<8052f41c>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<80110224>] 
>> (machine_crash_shutdown+0x108/0x174)
>> [<80110224>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<801a7244>] 
>> (__crash_kexec+0x88/0xac)
>> [<801a7244>] (__crash_kexec) from [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec+0x68/0x78)
>> [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec) from [<8010c46c>] (die+0x358/0x47c)
>> [<8010c46c>] (die) from [<8011ccbc>] 
>> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x64/0x1f4)
>> [<8011ccbc>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<80ade250>] 
>> (do_page_fault+0x348/0x3d4)
>> [<80ade250>] (do_page_fault) from [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort+0x44/0xc4)
>> [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort) from [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc+0x58/0x80)
>> Exception stack(0xa9439e68 to 0xa9439eb0)
>> 9e60:                   00000063 ab615434 a9439ea0 00000000 00000001 
>> 00000007
>> 9e80: 00000063 00000000 00000001 a9438000 00000000 a9439ecc a9439eb8 
>> a9439eb8
>> 9ea0: 80595768 8059576c 600e0013 ffffffff
>> [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc) from [<8059576c>] 
>> (sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c)
>> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>] 
>> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
>> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>] 
>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
>> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>] 
>> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
>> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
>> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
>> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
>> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
>> ---[ end trace 7a853bb920d02801 ]---
>> Loading crashdump kernel...
>> Bye!
>> Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
>> Linux version 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ (czou@pek-czou-u14) (gcc version 
>> 4.7.3 20130226 (prerelease) (crosstool-NG 
>> linaro-1.13.1-4.7-2013.03-20130313 - Linaro GCC 2013.03) ) #98 SMP 
>> PREEMPT Fri Dec 22 10:59:43 CST7
>> CPU: ARMv7 Processor [410fc075] revision 5 (ARMv7), cr=10c5387d
>> CPU: div instructions available: patching division code
>> CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
>> OF: fdt: Machine model: Freescale i.MX7 SabreSD Board
>> OF: fdt: Ignoring memory range 0x80000000 - 0x88000000
>> Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
>> OF: reserved mem: failed to allocate memory for node 'linux,cma'
>> cma: Failed to reserve 320 MiB
>> percpu: Embedded 17 pages/cpu @8fc75000 s38016 r8192 d23424 u69632
>> Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 
>> 64706
>> Kernel command line: console=ttymxc0,115200 root=/dev/nfs ip=dhcp 
>> nfsroot=128.224.162.234:/var/lib/tftp/nfs/rootfs_imx7wrl10,v3 
>> maxcpus=1 elfcorehdr=0x9cf00000 mem=261120K
>> PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
>> Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
>> Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
>> Memory: 241716K/261120K available (10240K kernel code, 778K rwdata, 
>> 2388K rodata, 1024K init, 364K bss, 19404K reserved, 0K cma-reserved, 
>> 0K highmem)
>> Virtual kernel memory layout:
>>     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
>>     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
>>     vmalloc : 0x90000000 - 0xff800000   (1784 MB)
>>     lowmem  : 0x80000000 - 0x8ff00000   ( 255 MB)
>>     pkmap   : 0x7fe00000 - 0x80000000   (   2 MB)
>>
>> Regards,
>> czou
>>
> Hi Marc:
>    I have a better way to fix it, just use dynamic allocate the irq_desc 
> in MSI irq setup,
> remove the irq_desc allocate in dw_pcie_host_init, how do you think
> 
> patch as follow:
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c 
> b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> index 5006d55..0426120 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> @@ -168,8 +168,12 @@ static int assign_irq(int no_irqs, struct msi_desc 
> *desc, int *pos)
>                  goto no_valid_irq;
> 
>          irq = irq_find_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
> -       if (!irq)
> -               goto no_valid_irq;
> +
> +       if (!irq) {
> +               irq = irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
> +               if (!irq)
> +                       goto no_valid_irq;
> +       }
> 
>          /*
>           * irq_create_mapping (called from dw_pcie_host_init) pre-allocates
> @@ -408,9 +412,6 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
>                                  ret = -ENXIO;
>                                  goto error;
>                          }
> -
> -                       for (i = 0; i < MAX_MSI_IRQS; i++)
> - irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, i);
>                  } else {
>                          ret = pp->ops->msi_host_init(pp, 
> &dw_pcie_msi_chip);
>                          if (ret < 0)
> 

That's an option for *this* driver, but I'd rather you help Joao getting
rid of this code altogether. It also ignores all the other drivers which
suffer from the same defect.

Joao, can you please point Cao to your existing patches?

Thanks,

	M.
cao.zou@windriver.com Dec. 28, 2017, 2:05 a.m. UTC | #3
Hi lorenzo:

   What do you think?

Regards,

czou


On 12/22/2017 05:35 PM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> On 22/12/17 07:38, Cao Zou wrote:
>>
>> On 12/22/2017 11:04 AM, Cao Zou wrote:
>>>
>>> On 12/20/2017 12:20 AM, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>>>> On Mon, Dec 18, 2017 at 10:02:20AM +0800, Cao Zou wrote:
>>>>> On 12/16/2017 01:20 AM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>>>>> On 15/12/17 16:17, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
>>>>>>> [+Marc]
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On Thu, Dec 14, 2017 at 10:21:23AM +0800, cao.zou@windriver.com
>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>> From: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> When PCIE host setup, 32 MSI irq descriptions are created, but its
>>>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, msi_desc is bound in MSI irq requested by PCI
>>>>>>>> device,
>>>>>>>> normally just part of MSI are used, for others not used MSI irqs,
>>>>>>>> its
>>>>>>>> msi_desc is NULL, it is dangerous for MSI irq mask when MSI irq
>>>>>>>> mask use
>>>>>>>> the msi_desc to mask irq without checking, normally not used MSI
>>>>>>>> irqs are
>>>>>>>> never masked, it looks fine, but in some specified case, such as
>>>>>>>> kdump,
>>>>>>>> machine_kexec_mask_interrupts will force to mask these not used
>>>>>>>> MSI irqs,
>>>>>>>> than a crash will happen with NULL msi_desc. it is necessary to
>>>>>>>> add check
>>>>>>>> of msi_desc in irqchip, if we still bind the msi_desc only in
>>>>>>>> irqs request
>>>>>>>> and mask MSI irq by msi_desc.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Add dwc_pci_msi_mask/unmask_irq, so we can get a chance to check the
>>>>>>>> msi_desc.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> here is reproduced crash log in IMX7-SABER board with Intel 1030
>>>>>>>> PCI,
>>>>>>>> when running kdump by "echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger":
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
>>>>>>>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual
>>>>>>>> address 00000000
>>>>>>>> pgd = 98ee1839
>>>>>>>> [00000000] *pgd=00000000
>>>>>>>> Internal error: Oops: 805 [#1] SMP ARM
>>>>>>>> Modules linked in:
>>>>>>>> CPU: 0 PID: 1370 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.15.0-rc3-00033-ga638349 #1
>>>>>>>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>>>>>>>> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>>>> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
>>>>>>>> <snip>
>>>>>>>> Backtrace:
>>>>>>>> [<c047a15c>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<c047a1f0>]
>>>>>>>> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x14/0x18)
>>>>>>>> [<c047a1dc>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<c011142c>]
>>>>>>>> (machine_crash_shutdown+0xd8/0x190)
>>>>>>>> [<c0111354>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<c01b2924>]
>>>>>>>> (__crash_kexec+0x5c/0xa0)
>>>>>>>> [<c01b28c8>] (__crash_kexec) from [<c01b29dc>]
>>>>>>>> (crash_kexec+0x74/0x80)
>>>>>>>> [<c01b2968>] (crash_kexec) from [<c010cfa4>] (die+0x220/0x358)
>>>>>>>> [<c010cd84>] (die) from [<c01169f0>]
>>>>>>>> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x5c/0x7c)
>>>>>>>> [<c0116994>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<c0116784>]
>>>>>>>> (do_page_fault+0x2cc/0x37c)
>>>>>>>> [<c01164b8>] (do_page_fault) from [<c0116970>]
>>>>>>>> (do_translation_fault+0xb0/0xbc)
>>>>>>>> [<c01168c0>] (do_translation_fault) from [<c010138c>]
>>>>>>>> (do_DataAbort+0x3c/0xbc)
>>>>>>>> [<c0101350>] (do_DataAbort) from [<c010d944>] (__dabt_svc+0x64/0xa0)
>>>>>>>> Exception stack(0xec08bdf8 to 0xec08be40)
>>>>>>>> bde0:
>>>>>>>> 00000000 ec08be10
>>>>>>>> be00: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000001 00000063 00000000
>>>>>>>> 00000007 ec08a000
>>>>>>>> be20: 00000000 ec08be5c ec08be48 ec08be48 c04c46b8 c04c46b8
>>>>>>>> 60060013 ffffffff
>>>>>>>> [<c04c4668>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<c04c4900>]
>>>>>>>> (__handle_sysrq+0xe0/0x254)
>>>>>>>> [<c04c4820>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<c04c4aec>]
>>>>>>>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x78/0x90)
>>>>>>>> [<c04c4a74>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<c029148c>]
>>>>>>>> (proc_reg_write+0x68/0x90)
>>>>>>>> [<c0291424>] (proc_reg_write) from [<c0229ef8>]
>>>>>>>> (__vfs_write+0x34/0x12c)
>>>>>>>> [<c0229ec4>] (__vfs_write) from [<c022a16c>] (vfs_write+0xa8/0x16c)
>>>>>>>> [<c022a0c4>] (vfs_write) from [<c022a340>] (SyS_write+0x44/0x90)
>>>>>>>> [<c022a2fc>] (SyS_write) from [<c0108220>]
>>>>>>>> (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
>>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>>    drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 24
>>>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++----
>>>>>>>>    1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>>> b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>>> index 81e2157..485c4df 100644
>>>>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>>>>>>>> @@ -45,12 +45,28 @@ static int dw_pcie_wr_own_conf(struct
>>>>>>>> pcie_port *pp, int where, int size,
>>>>>>>>        return dw_pcie_write(pci->dbi_base + where, size, val);
>>>>>>>>    }
>>>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>>>> +        pci_msi_mask_irq(data);
>>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>> +static void dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
>>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>>> +    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>> +    if (desc)
>>>>>>>> +        pci_msi_unmask_irq(data);
>>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>    static struct irq_chip dw_msi_irq_chip = {
>>>>>>>>        .name = "PCI-MSI",
>>>>>>>> -    .irq_enable = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>>> -    .irq_disable = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>>> -    .irq_mask = pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>>> -    .irq_unmask = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>>> +    .irq_enable = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>>> +    .irq_disable = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>>> +    .irq_mask = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
>>>>>>>> +    .irq_unmask = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
>>>>>>>>    };
>>>>>>> You have to CC me next time please.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> CC'ed Marc since he knows this code ways better than me and will
>>>>>>> help us find the right way of fixing it.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> I do not think that's a DWC-only problem - I see no reason why this
>>>>>>> would not affect other host bridges still relying on
>>>>>>> struct msi_controller (that we have to remove from the kernel).
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> I do not think that this code is an actual fix but a plaster to
>>>>>>> paper over the issue - I will have a look into this as soon as
>>>>>>> possible to come up with an actual fix.
>>>>>> Yeah, this looks mad. The problem is that this seems to allocate
>>>>>> interrupts upfront, without being bound to an MSI. What could possibly
>>>>>> go wrong? And that's definitely not the only one (pci-tegra.c is one
>>>>>> fine example too).
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Until we take msi_controller and co to the backyard, how about the
>>>>>> following:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> >From b4aa5d20ee7b716795ac875e180f564fe0f52de6 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 
>>>>>> 2001
>>>>>> From: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>>>> Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 17:10:14 +0000
>>>>>> Subject: [PATCH] PCI/MSI: Don't try to mask/unmask an MSI that
>>>>>> doesn't have an
>>>>>>    msi_desc
>>>>>>
>>>>>> There are a lot of MSI drivers out there that preallocate their
>>>>>> interrupts but not the corresponding MSIs. That's a prettty
>>>>>> naughty behaviour. On a kexec crash, we try to shut down all
>>>>>> the interrupts by calling the disable/mask methods.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On these drivers, pci_msi_mask_irq() is unconditionnaly called,
>>>>>> leading to a crash. You wanted a crash kernel, right?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> So let's paper over the issue for the time being by detecting
>>>>>> the NULL msi_desc in msi_set_mask_bit(). Eventually, these drivers
>>>>>> will have to be fixed...
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>    drivers/pci/msi.c | 3 +++
>>>>>>    1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/msi.c b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>>> index e06607167858..a5042cc8f3fc 100644
>>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/msi.c
>>>>>> @@ -227,6 +227,9 @@ static void msi_set_mask_bit(struct irq_data
>>>>>> *data, u32 flag)
>>>>>>    {
>>>>>>        struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
>>>>>> +    if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!"))
>>>>>> +        return;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>>        if (desc->msi_attrib.is_msix) {
>>>>>>            msix_mask_irq(desc, flag);
>>>>>>            readl(desc->mask_base);        /* Flush write to device */
>>>>> For "if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!")",  it is a good way,
>>>>> just one problem. how to fix the kexec/kdump?  this WARN_ONCE can tell
>>>>> the pci dirver to fix the MIS bound problem, but in kexec/kdump, it
>>>>> will force to mask all MSI,  it means that there are a lot of WARNINGS
>>>>> when running kexec/kdump.
>>>> There will be one warning as Marc said. Mind testing Marc's patch
>>>> and reporting the result on the mailing list please if you want
>>>> the issue fixed ?
>>>>
>>>> Thanks,
>>>> Lorenzo
>>>>
>>> Hi Lorenzo:
>>>    Of course it can fix this issue, but  warning will be seen in every
>>> time when running kdump
>>>
>>>
>>> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrandom: crng init done
>>>
>>> sys/           sysrq-trigger  sysvipc/
>>> root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
>>> sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
>>> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address
>>> 00000000
>>> pgd = a9470000
>>> [00000000] *pgd=a9474835, *pte=00000000, *ppte=00000000
>>> Internal error: Oops: 817 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ARM
>>> Modules linked in:
>>> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
>>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>>> task: a86e5400 task.stack: a9438000
>>> PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c
>>> LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x2c/0x3c
>>> pc : [<8059576c>]    lr : [<80595768>]    psr: 600e0013
>>> sp : a9439eb8  ip : a9439eb8  fp : a9439ecc
>>> r10: 00000000  r9 : a9438000  r8 : 00000001
>>> r7 : 00000000  r6 : 00000063  r5 : 00000007  r4 : 00000001
>>> r3 : 00000000  r2 : a9439ea0  r1 : ab615434  r0 : 00000063
>>> Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment none
>>> Control: 10c5387d  Table: a947006a  DAC: 00000051
>>> Process sh (pid: 369, stack limit = 0xa9438210)
>>> Stack: (0xa9439eb8 to 0xa943a000)
>>> 9ea0: 8059573c 8106f41c
>>> 9ec0: a9439eec a9439ed0 80595968 80595748 00000002 a8451444 a8451400
>>> 00000000
>>> 9ee0: a9439f04 a9439ef0 80595a78 805958c4 a9439f78 a8451444 a9439f2c
>>> a9439f08
>>> 9f00: 802c570c 80595a1c 802c5698 00000000 00000002 001042a8 a9439f78
>>> 001042a8
>>> 9f20: a9439f44 a9439f30 80268078 802c56a4 a9439f78 a901d6c0 a9439f74
>>> a9439f48
>>> 9f40: 80269598 8026805c 80286cac 80286c1c 00000000 00000000 a901d6c0
>>> a901d6c0
>>> 9f60: 00000002 001042a8 a9439fa4 a9439f78 8026982c 802694e4 00000000
>>> 00000000
>>> 9f80: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 80107f68 00000000 00000000
>>> a9439fa8
>>> 9fa0: 80107d60 802697ec 00000002 001042a8 00000001 001042a8 00000002
>>> 00000000
>>> 9fc0: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 00000002 00000002 00000000
>>> 00000000
>>> 9fe0: 00000444 7e9d4980 76e466f0 76e9e41c 600e0010 00000001 3dbfa0e8
>>> a39746c6
>>> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>]
>>> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
>>> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>]
>>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
>>> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>]
>>> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
>>> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
>>> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
>>> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
>>> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
>>> Code: e5834000 f57ff04e ebee0bee e3a03000 (e5c34000)
>>> ------------[ cut here ]------------
>>> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 369 at
>>> /export/disk1T/linux-yocto-4.12/drivers/pci/msi.c:230
>>> msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0
>>> NULL MSI descriptor!
>>> Modules linked in:
>>> CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
>>> Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
>>> [<80111a50>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<8010c110>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
>>> [<8010c110>] (show_stack) from [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack+0x80/0xa0)
>>> [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack) from [<8012a2f4>] (__warn+0xe4/0x114)
>>> [<8012a2f4>] (__warn) from [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x48/0x50)
>>> [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<8052f380>]
>>> (msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0)
>>> [<8052f380>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<8052f41c>]
>>> (pci_msi_mask_irq+0x1c/0x20)
>>> [<8052f41c>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<80110224>]
>>> (machine_crash_shutdown+0x108/0x174)
>>> [<80110224>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<801a7244>]
>>> (__crash_kexec+0x88/0xac)
>>> [<801a7244>] (__crash_kexec) from [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec+0x68/0x78)
>>> [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec) from [<8010c46c>] (die+0x358/0x47c)
>>> [<8010c46c>] (die) from [<8011ccbc>]
>>> (__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x64/0x1f4)
>>> [<8011ccbc>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<80ade250>]
>>> (do_page_fault+0x348/0x3d4)
>>> [<80ade250>] (do_page_fault) from [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort+0x44/0xc4)
>>> [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort) from [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc+0x58/0x80)
>>> Exception stack(0xa9439e68 to 0xa9439eb0)
>>> 9e60:                   00000063 ab615434 a9439ea0 00000000 00000001
>>> 00000007
>>> 9e80: 00000063 00000000 00000001 a9438000 00000000 a9439ecc a9439eb8
>>> a9439eb8
>>> 9ea0: 80595768 8059576c 600e0013 ffffffff
>>> [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc) from [<8059576c>]
>>> (sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c)
>>> [<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>]
>>> (__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
>>> [<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>]
>>> (write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
>>> [<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>]
>>> (proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
>>> [<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
>>> [<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
>>> [<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
>>> [<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
>>> ---[ end trace 7a853bb920d02801 ]---
>>> Loading crashdump kernel...
>>> Bye!
>>> Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
>>> Linux version 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ (czou@pek-czou-u14) (gcc version
>>> 4.7.3 20130226 (prerelease) (crosstool-NG
>>> linaro-1.13.1-4.7-2013.03-20130313 - Linaro GCC 2013.03) ) #98 SMP
>>> PREEMPT Fri Dec 22 10:59:43 CST7
>>> CPU: ARMv7 Processor [410fc075] revision 5 (ARMv7), cr=10c5387d
>>> CPU: div instructions available: patching division code
>>> CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
>>> OF: fdt: Machine model: Freescale i.MX7 SabreSD Board
>>> OF: fdt: Ignoring memory range 0x80000000 - 0x88000000
>>> Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
>>> OF: reserved mem: failed to allocate memory for node 'linux,cma'
>>> cma: Failed to reserve 320 MiB
>>> percpu: Embedded 17 pages/cpu @8fc75000 s38016 r8192 d23424 u69632
>>> Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages:
>>> 64706
>>> Kernel command line: console=ttymxc0,115200 root=/dev/nfs ip=dhcp
>>> nfsroot=128.224.162.234:/var/lib/tftp/nfs/rootfs_imx7wrl10,v3
>>> maxcpus=1 elfcorehdr=0x9cf00000 mem=261120K
>>> PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
>>> Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
>>> Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
>>> Memory: 241716K/261120K available (10240K kernel code, 778K rwdata,
>>> 2388K rodata, 1024K init, 364K bss, 19404K reserved, 0K cma-reserved,
>>> 0K highmem)
>>> Virtual kernel memory layout:
>>>      vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
>>>      fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
>>>      vmalloc : 0x90000000 - 0xff800000   (1784 MB)
>>>      lowmem  : 0x80000000 - 0x8ff00000   ( 255 MB)
>>>      pkmap   : 0x7fe00000 - 0x80000000   (   2 MB)
>>>
>>> Regards,
>>> czou
>>>
>> Hi Marc:
>>     I have a better way to fix it, just use dynamic allocate the irq_desc
>> in MSI irq setup,
>> remove the irq_desc allocate in dw_pcie_host_init, how do you think
>>
>> patch as follow:
>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>> b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>> index 5006d55..0426120 100644
>> --- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>> +++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
>> @@ -168,8 +168,12 @@ static int assign_irq(int no_irqs, struct msi_desc
>> *desc, int *pos)
>>                   goto no_valid_irq;
>>
>>           irq = irq_find_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
>> -       if (!irq)
>> -               goto no_valid_irq;
>> +
>> +       if (!irq) {
>> +               irq = irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
>> +               if (!irq)
>> +                       goto no_valid_irq;
>> +       }
>>
>>           /*
>>            * irq_create_mapping (called from dw_pcie_host_init) pre-allocates
>> @@ -408,9 +412,6 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
>>                                   ret = -ENXIO;
>>                                   goto error;
>>                           }
>> -
>> -                       for (i = 0; i < MAX_MSI_IRQS; i++)
>> - irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, i);
>>                   } else {
>>                           ret = pp->ops->msi_host_init(pp,
>> &dw_pcie_msi_chip);
>>                           if (ret < 0)
>>
> That's an option for *this* driver, but I'd rather you help Joao getting
> rid of this code altogether. It also ignores all the other drivers which
> suffer from the same defect.
>
> Joao, can you please point Cao to your existing patches?
>
> Thanks,
>
> 	M.
Lorenzo Pieralisi Jan. 9, 2018, 4:38 p.m. UTC | #4
On Thu, Dec 28, 2017 at 10:05:26AM +0800, Cao Zou wrote:
> Hi lorenzo:
> 
>   What do you think?

I told you what I think about this specific issue and I share
Marc's point of view.

FYI, Gustavo's patches to achieve the end goal:

https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/854704/

> 
> Regards,
> 
> czou
> 
> 
> On 12/22/2017 05:35 PM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> >On 22/12/17 07:38, Cao Zou wrote:
> >>
> >>On 12/22/2017 11:04 AM, Cao Zou wrote:
> >>>
> >>>On 12/20/2017 12:20 AM, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> >>>>On Mon, Dec 18, 2017 at 10:02:20AM +0800, Cao Zou wrote:
> >>>>>On 12/16/2017 01:20 AM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> >>>>>>On 15/12/17 16:17, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> >>>>>>>[+Marc]
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>On Thu, Dec 14, 2017 at 10:21:23AM +0800, cao.zou@windriver.com
> >>>>>>>wrote:
> >>>>>>>>From: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>When PCIE host setup, 32 MSI irq descriptions are created, but its
> >>>>>>>>msi_desc is NULL, msi_desc is bound in MSI irq requested by PCI
> >>>>>>>>device,
> >>>>>>>>normally just part of MSI are used, for others not used MSI irqs,
> >>>>>>>>its
> >>>>>>>>msi_desc is NULL, it is dangerous for MSI irq mask when MSI irq
> >>>>>>>>mask use
> >>>>>>>>the msi_desc to mask irq without checking, normally not used MSI
> >>>>>>>>irqs are
> >>>>>>>>never masked, it looks fine, but in some specified case, such as
> >>>>>>>>kdump,
> >>>>>>>>machine_kexec_mask_interrupts will force to mask these not used
> >>>>>>>>MSI irqs,
> >>>>>>>>than a crash will happen with NULL msi_desc. it is necessary to
> >>>>>>>>add check
> >>>>>>>>of msi_desc in irqchip, if we still bind the msi_desc only in
> >>>>>>>>irqs request
> >>>>>>>>and mask MSI irq by msi_desc.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>Add dwc_pci_msi_mask/unmask_irq, so we can get a chance to check the
> >>>>>>>>msi_desc.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>here is reproduced crash log in IMX7-SABER board with Intel 1030
> >>>>>>>>PCI,
> >>>>>>>>when running kdump by "echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger":
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
> >>>>>>>>Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual
> >>>>>>>>address 00000000
> >>>>>>>>pgd = 98ee1839
> >>>>>>>>[00000000] *pgd=00000000
> >>>>>>>>Internal error: Oops: 805 [#1] SMP ARM
> >>>>>>>>Modules linked in:
> >>>>>>>>CPU: 0 PID: 1370 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.15.0-rc3-00033-ga638349 #1
> >>>>>>>>Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
> >>>>>>>>PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
> >>>>>>>>LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x50/0x98
> >>>>>>>><snip>
> >>>>>>>>Backtrace:
> >>>>>>>>[<c047a15c>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<c047a1f0>]
> >>>>>>>>(pci_msi_mask_irq+0x14/0x18)
> >>>>>>>>[<c047a1dc>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<c011142c>]
> >>>>>>>>(machine_crash_shutdown+0xd8/0x190)
> >>>>>>>>[<c0111354>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<c01b2924>]
> >>>>>>>>(__crash_kexec+0x5c/0xa0)
> >>>>>>>>[<c01b28c8>] (__crash_kexec) from [<c01b29dc>]
> >>>>>>>>(crash_kexec+0x74/0x80)
> >>>>>>>>[<c01b2968>] (crash_kexec) from [<c010cfa4>] (die+0x220/0x358)
> >>>>>>>>[<c010cd84>] (die) from [<c01169f0>]
> >>>>>>>>(__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x5c/0x7c)
> >>>>>>>>[<c0116994>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<c0116784>]
> >>>>>>>>(do_page_fault+0x2cc/0x37c)
> >>>>>>>>[<c01164b8>] (do_page_fault) from [<c0116970>]
> >>>>>>>>(do_translation_fault+0xb0/0xbc)
> >>>>>>>>[<c01168c0>] (do_translation_fault) from [<c010138c>]
> >>>>>>>>(do_DataAbort+0x3c/0xbc)
> >>>>>>>>[<c0101350>] (do_DataAbort) from [<c010d944>] (__dabt_svc+0x64/0xa0)
> >>>>>>>>Exception stack(0xec08bdf8 to 0xec08be40)
> >>>>>>>>bde0:
> >>>>>>>>00000000 ec08be10
> >>>>>>>>be00: 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000001 00000063 00000000
> >>>>>>>>00000007 ec08a000
> >>>>>>>>be20: 00000000 ec08be5c ec08be48 ec08be48 c04c46b8 c04c46b8
> >>>>>>>>60060013 ffffffff
> >>>>>>>>[<c04c4668>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<c04c4900>]
> >>>>>>>>(__handle_sysrq+0xe0/0x254)
> >>>>>>>>[<c04c4820>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<c04c4aec>]
> >>>>>>>>(write_sysrq_trigger+0x78/0x90)
> >>>>>>>>[<c04c4a74>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<c029148c>]
> >>>>>>>>(proc_reg_write+0x68/0x90)
> >>>>>>>>[<c0291424>] (proc_reg_write) from [<c0229ef8>]
> >>>>>>>>(__vfs_write+0x34/0x12c)
> >>>>>>>>[<c0229ec4>] (__vfs_write) from [<c022a16c>] (vfs_write+0xa8/0x16c)
> >>>>>>>>[<c022a0c4>] (vfs_write) from [<c022a340>] (SyS_write+0x44/0x90)
> >>>>>>>>[<c022a2fc>] (SyS_write) from [<c0108220>]
> >>>>>>>>(ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>Signed-off-by: Zou Cao <cao.zou@windriver.com>
> >>>>>>>>---
> >>>>>>>>   drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 24
> >>>>>>>>++++++++++++++++++++----
> >>>>>>>>   1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>>>>>>>b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>>>>>>>index 81e2157..485c4df 100644
> >>>>>>>>--- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>>>>>>>+++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>>>>>>>@@ -45,12 +45,28 @@ static int dw_pcie_wr_own_conf(struct
> >>>>>>>>pcie_port *pp, int where, int size,
> >>>>>>>>       return dw_pcie_write(pci->dbi_base + where, size, val);
> >>>>>>>>   }
> >>>>>>>>+static void dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
> >>>>>>>>+{
> >>>>>>>>+    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
> >>>>>>>>+
> >>>>>>>>+    if (desc)
> >>>>>>>>+        pci_msi_mask_irq(data);
> >>>>>>>>+}
> >>>>>>>>+
> >>>>>>>>+static void dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq(struct irq_data *data)
> >>>>>>>>+{
> >>>>>>>>+    struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
> >>>>>>>>+
> >>>>>>>>+    if (desc)
> >>>>>>>>+        pci_msi_unmask_irq(data);
> >>>>>>>>+}
> >>>>>>>>+
> >>>>>>>>   static struct irq_chip dw_msi_irq_chip = {
> >>>>>>>>       .name = "PCI-MSI",
> >>>>>>>>-    .irq_enable = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>-    .irq_disable = pci_msi_mask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>-    .irq_mask = pci_msi_mask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>-    .irq_unmask = pci_msi_unmask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>+    .irq_enable = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>+    .irq_disable = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>+    .irq_mask = dwc_pci_msi_mask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>+    .irq_unmask = dwc_pci_msi_unmask_irq,
> >>>>>>>>   };
> >>>>>>>You have to CC me next time please.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>CC'ed Marc since he knows this code ways better than me and will
> >>>>>>>help us find the right way of fixing it.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>I do not think that's a DWC-only problem - I see no reason why this
> >>>>>>>would not affect other host bridges still relying on
> >>>>>>>struct msi_controller (that we have to remove from the kernel).
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>I do not think that this code is an actual fix but a plaster to
> >>>>>>>paper over the issue - I will have a look into this as soon as
> >>>>>>>possible to come up with an actual fix.
> >>>>>>Yeah, this looks mad. The problem is that this seems to allocate
> >>>>>>interrupts upfront, without being bound to an MSI. What could possibly
> >>>>>>go wrong? And that's definitely not the only one (pci-tegra.c is one
> >>>>>>fine example too).
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>Until we take msi_controller and co to the backyard, how about the
> >>>>>>following:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>>From b4aa5d20ee7b716795ac875e180f564fe0f52de6 Mon Sep
> >>>>>>17 00:00:00 2001
> >>>>>>From: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
> >>>>>>Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 17:10:14 +0000
> >>>>>>Subject: [PATCH] PCI/MSI: Don't try to mask/unmask an MSI that
> >>>>>>doesn't have an
> >>>>>>   msi_desc
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>There are a lot of MSI drivers out there that preallocate their
> >>>>>>interrupts but not the corresponding MSIs. That's a prettty
> >>>>>>naughty behaviour. On a kexec crash, we try to shut down all
> >>>>>>the interrupts by calling the disable/mask methods.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>On these drivers, pci_msi_mask_irq() is unconditionnaly called,
> >>>>>>leading to a crash. You wanted a crash kernel, right?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>So let's paper over the issue for the time being by detecting
> >>>>>>the NULL msi_desc in msi_set_mask_bit(). Eventually, these drivers
> >>>>>>will have to be fixed...
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
> >>>>>>---
> >>>>>>   drivers/pci/msi.c | 3 +++
> >>>>>>   1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>diff --git a/drivers/pci/msi.c b/drivers/pci/msi.c
> >>>>>>index e06607167858..a5042cc8f3fc 100644
> >>>>>>--- a/drivers/pci/msi.c
> >>>>>>+++ b/drivers/pci/msi.c
> >>>>>>@@ -227,6 +227,9 @@ static void msi_set_mask_bit(struct irq_data
> >>>>>>*data, u32 flag)
> >>>>>>   {
> >>>>>>       struct msi_desc *desc = irq_data_get_msi_desc(data);
> >>>>>>+    if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!"))
> >>>>>>+        return;
> >>>>>>+
> >>>>>>       if (desc->msi_attrib.is_msix) {
> >>>>>>           msix_mask_irq(desc, flag);
> >>>>>>           readl(desc->mask_base);        /* Flush write to device */
> >>>>>For "if (WARN_ONCE(!desc, "NULL MSI descriptor!")",  it is a good way,
> >>>>>just one problem. how to fix the kexec/kdump?  this WARN_ONCE can tell
> >>>>>the pci dirver to fix the MIS bound problem, but in kexec/kdump, it
> >>>>>will force to mask all MSI,  it means that there are a lot of WARNINGS
> >>>>>when running kexec/kdump.
> >>>>There will be one warning as Marc said. Mind testing Marc's patch
> >>>>and reporting the result on the mailing list please if you want
> >>>>the issue fixed ?
> >>>>
> >>>>Thanks,
> >>>>Lorenzo
> >>>>
> >>>Hi Lorenzo:
> >>>   Of course it can fix this issue, but  warning will be seen in every
> >>>time when running kdump
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrandom: crng init done
> >>>
> >>>sys/           sysrq-trigger  sysvipc/
> >>>root@nxp-imx7:~# echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
> >>>sysrq: SysRq : Trigger a crash
> >>>Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address
> >>>00000000
> >>>pgd = a9470000
> >>>[00000000] *pgd=a9474835, *pte=00000000, *ppte=00000000
> >>>Internal error: Oops: 817 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ARM
> >>>Modules linked in:
> >>>CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
> >>>Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
> >>>task: a86e5400 task.stack: a9438000
> >>>PC is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c
> >>>LR is at sysrq_handle_crash+0x2c/0x3c
> >>>pc : [<8059576c>]    lr : [<80595768>]    psr: 600e0013
> >>>sp : a9439eb8  ip : a9439eb8  fp : a9439ecc
> >>>r10: 00000000  r9 : a9438000  r8 : 00000001
> >>>r7 : 00000000  r6 : 00000063  r5 : 00000007  r4 : 00000001
> >>>r3 : 00000000  r2 : a9439ea0  r1 : ab615434  r0 : 00000063
> >>>Flags: nZCv  IRQs on  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  ISA ARM  Segment none
> >>>Control: 10c5387d  Table: a947006a  DAC: 00000051
> >>>Process sh (pid: 369, stack limit = 0xa9438210)
> >>>Stack: (0xa9439eb8 to 0xa943a000)
> >>>9ea0: 8059573c 8106f41c
> >>>9ec0: a9439eec a9439ed0 80595968 80595748 00000002 a8451444 a8451400
> >>>00000000
> >>>9ee0: a9439f04 a9439ef0 80595a78 805958c4 a9439f78 a8451444 a9439f2c
> >>>a9439f08
> >>>9f00: 802c570c 80595a1c 802c5698 00000000 00000002 001042a8 a9439f78
> >>>001042a8
> >>>9f20: a9439f44 a9439f30 80268078 802c56a4 a9439f78 a901d6c0 a9439f74
> >>>a9439f48
> >>>9f40: 80269598 8026805c 80286cac 80286c1c 00000000 00000000 a901d6c0
> >>>a901d6c0
> >>>9f60: 00000002 001042a8 a9439fa4 a9439f78 8026982c 802694e4 00000000
> >>>00000000
> >>>9f80: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 80107f68 00000000 00000000
> >>>a9439fa8
> >>>9fa0: 80107d60 802697ec 00000002 001042a8 00000001 001042a8 00000002
> >>>00000000
> >>>9fc0: 00000002 001042a8 76f19da8 00000004 00000002 00000002 00000000
> >>>00000000
> >>>9fe0: 00000444 7e9d4980 76e466f0 76e9e41c 600e0010 00000001 3dbfa0e8
> >>>a39746c6
> >>>[<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>]
> >>>(__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
> >>>[<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>]
> >>>(write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
> >>>[<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>]
> >>>(proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
> >>>[<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
> >>>[<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
> >>>[<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
> >>>[<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
> >>>Code: e5834000 f57ff04e ebee0bee e3a03000 (e5c34000)
> >>>------------[ cut here ]------------
> >>>WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 369 at
> >>>/export/disk1T/linux-yocto-4.12/drivers/pci/msi.c:230
> >>>msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0
> >>>NULL MSI descriptor!
> >>>Modules linked in:
> >>>CPU: 0 PID: 369 Comm: sh Not tainted 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ #98
> >>>Hardware name: Freescale i.MX7 Dual (Device Tree)
> >>>[<80111a50>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<8010c110>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
> >>>[<8010c110>] (show_stack) from [<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack+0x80/0xa0)
> >>>[<804cb3dc>] (dump_stack) from [<8012a2f4>] (__warn+0xe4/0x114)
> >>>[<8012a2f4>] (__warn) from [<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x48/0x50)
> >>>[<8012a3f4>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<8052f380>]
> >>>(msi_set_mask_bit+0x50/0xb0)
> >>>[<8052f380>] (msi_set_mask_bit) from [<8052f41c>]
> >>>(pci_msi_mask_irq+0x1c/0x20)
> >>>[<8052f41c>] (pci_msi_mask_irq) from [<80110224>]
> >>>(machine_crash_shutdown+0x108/0x174)
> >>>[<80110224>] (machine_crash_shutdown) from [<801a7244>]
> >>>(__crash_kexec+0x88/0xac)
> >>>[<801a7244>] (__crash_kexec) from [<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec+0x68/0x78)
> >>>[<801a72d0>] (crash_kexec) from [<8010c46c>] (die+0x358/0x47c)
> >>>[<8010c46c>] (die) from [<8011ccbc>]
> >>>(__do_kernel_fault.part.0+0x64/0x1f4)
> >>>[<8011ccbc>] (__do_kernel_fault.part.0) from [<80ade250>]
> >>>(do_page_fault+0x348/0x3d4)
> >>>[<80ade250>] (do_page_fault) from [<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort+0x44/0xc4)
> >>>[<801011f8>] (do_DataAbort) from [<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc+0x58/0x80)
> >>>Exception stack(0xa9439e68 to 0xa9439eb0)
> >>>9e60:                   00000063 ab615434 a9439ea0 00000000 00000001
> >>>00000007
> >>>9e80: 00000063 00000000 00000001 a9438000 00000000 a9439ecc a9439eb8
> >>>a9439eb8
> >>>9ea0: 80595768 8059576c 600e0013 ffffffff
> >>>[<80add5b8>] (__dabt_svc) from [<8059576c>]
> >>>(sysrq_handle_crash+0x30/0x3c)
> >>>[<8059576c>] (sysrq_handle_crash) from [<80595968>]
> >>>(__handle_sysrq+0xb0/0x158)
> >>>[<80595968>] (__handle_sysrq) from [<80595a78>]
> >>>(write_sysrq_trigger+0x68/0x78)
> >>>[<80595a78>] (write_sysrq_trigger) from [<802c570c>]
> >>>(proc_reg_write+0x74/0xa4)
> >>>[<802c570c>] (proc_reg_write) from [<80268078>] (__vfs_write+0x28/0x48)
> >>>[<80268078>] (__vfs_write) from [<80269598>] (vfs_write+0xc0/0x164)
> >>>[<80269598>] (vfs_write) from [<8026982c>] (SyS_write+0x4c/0x8c)
> >>>[<8026982c>] (SyS_write) from [<80107d60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
> >>>---[ end trace 7a853bb920d02801 ]---
> >>>Loading crashdump kernel...
> >>>Bye!
> >>>Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
> >>>Linux version 4.12.14-yocto-standard+ (czou@pek-czou-u14) (gcc version
> >>>4.7.3 20130226 (prerelease) (crosstool-NG
> >>>linaro-1.13.1-4.7-2013.03-20130313 - Linaro GCC 2013.03) ) #98 SMP
> >>>PREEMPT Fri Dec 22 10:59:43 CST7
> >>>CPU: ARMv7 Processor [410fc075] revision 5 (ARMv7), cr=10c5387d
> >>>CPU: div instructions available: patching division code
> >>>CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
> >>>OF: fdt: Machine model: Freescale i.MX7 SabreSD Board
> >>>OF: fdt: Ignoring memory range 0x80000000 - 0x88000000
> >>>Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
> >>>OF: reserved mem: failed to allocate memory for node 'linux,cma'
> >>>cma: Failed to reserve 320 MiB
> >>>percpu: Embedded 17 pages/cpu @8fc75000 s38016 r8192 d23424 u69632
> >>>Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages:
> >>>64706
> >>>Kernel command line: console=ttymxc0,115200 root=/dev/nfs ip=dhcp
> >>>nfsroot=128.224.162.234:/var/lib/tftp/nfs/rootfs_imx7wrl10,v3
> >>>maxcpus=1 elfcorehdr=0x9cf00000 mem=261120K
> >>>PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
> >>>Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
> >>>Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
> >>>Memory: 241716K/261120K available (10240K kernel code, 778K rwdata,
> >>>2388K rodata, 1024K init, 364K bss, 19404K reserved, 0K cma-reserved,
> >>>0K highmem)
> >>>Virtual kernel memory layout:
> >>>     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
> >>>     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
> >>>     vmalloc : 0x90000000 - 0xff800000   (1784 MB)
> >>>     lowmem  : 0x80000000 - 0x8ff00000   ( 255 MB)
> >>>     pkmap   : 0x7fe00000 - 0x80000000   (   2 MB)
> >>>
> >>>Regards,
> >>>czou
> >>>
> >>Hi Marc:
> >>    I have a better way to fix it, just use dynamic allocate the irq_desc
> >>in MSI irq setup,
> >>remove the irq_desc allocate in dw_pcie_host_init, how do you think
> >>
> >>patch as follow:
> >>diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>index 5006d55..0426120 100644
> >>--- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>+++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> >>@@ -168,8 +168,12 @@ static int assign_irq(int no_irqs, struct msi_desc
> >>*desc, int *pos)
> >>                  goto no_valid_irq;
> >>
> >>          irq = irq_find_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
> >>-       if (!irq)
> >>-               goto no_valid_irq;
> >>+
> >>+       if (!irq) {
> >>+               irq = irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
> >>+               if (!irq)
> >>+                       goto no_valid_irq;
> >>+       }
> >>
> >>          /*
> >>           * irq_create_mapping (called from dw_pcie_host_init) pre-allocates
> >>@@ -408,9 +412,6 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
> >>                                  ret = -ENXIO;
> >>                                  goto error;
> >>                          }
> >>-
> >>-                       for (i = 0; i < MAX_MSI_IRQS; i++)
> >>- irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, i);
> >>                  } else {
> >>                          ret = pp->ops->msi_host_init(pp,
> >>&dw_pcie_msi_chip);
> >>                          if (ret < 0)
> >>
> >That's an option for *this* driver, but I'd rather you help Joao getting
> >rid of this code altogether. It also ignores all the other drivers which
> >suffer from the same defect.
> >
> >Joao, can you please point Cao to your existing patches?
> >
> >Thanks,
> >
> >	M.
>

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c 
b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
index 5006d55..0426120 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
@@ -168,8 +168,12 @@  static int assign_irq(int no_irqs, struct msi_desc 
*desc, int *pos)
                 goto no_valid_irq;

         irq = irq_find_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
-       if (!irq)
-               goto no_valid_irq;
+
+       if (!irq) {
+               irq = irq_create_mapping(pp->irq_domain, pos0);
+               if (!irq)
+                       goto no_valid_irq;
+       }

         /*