[v1] EDAC, armv8: Add Cache Error Reporting driver for ARMv8 processors
diff mbox

Message ID 1515804626-21254-1-git-send-email-kyan@codeaurora.org
State New, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Kyle Yan Jan. 13, 2018, 12:50 a.m. UTC
Interrupt based EDAC driver for ARMv8 processors that implement
RAS for error detection of CPU caches and lso allows optional polling
of error syndrome registers if interrupts are not supported.

Signed-off-by: Kyle Yan <kyan@codeaurora.org>
---
 drivers/edac/Kconfig      |  21 ++
 drivers/edac/Makefile     |   1 +
 drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c | 489 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 511 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c

Comments

Mark Rutland Jan. 15, 2018, 2:44 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi,

On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 04:50:26PM -0800, Kyle Yan wrote:
> Interrupt based EDAC driver for ARMv8 processors that implement
> RAS for error detection of CPU caches and lso allows optional polling
> of error syndrome registers if interrupts are not supported.

Is this using the architectural RAS extensions, or something specific to
QC CPUs? It would be good to call this out explicitly.

If it's the latter, this needs rewording to be clear that this is
specific to QC CPUs, and is not a generic ARMv8 feature.

Is there any interaction with SDEI that we need to be aware of?

> 
> Signed-off-by: Kyle Yan <kyan@codeaurora.org>
> ---
>  drivers/edac/Kconfig      |  21 ++
>  drivers/edac/Makefile     |   1 +
>  drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c | 489 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

I see that there's DT parsing code, but no binding. Please add one, as
per Documentation/devicetree/bindings/submitting-patches.txt.

If this is architectural, how is this expected to work on ACPI systems?

>  3 files changed, 511 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Kconfig b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
> index 96afb2a..47a68e3 100644
> --- a/drivers/edac/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
> @@ -457,4 +457,25 @@ config EDAC_XGENE
>  	  Support for error detection and correction on the
>  	  APM X-Gene family of SOCs.
>  
> +config EDAC_ARMV8
> +	depends on (ARM || ARM64)
> +	tristate "ARMv8 L1/L2/L3/SCU Caches ECC"
> +	help
> +	   Support for error detection and correction on ARMv8 cores
> +	   supporting RAS features. Reports errors caught by ARMv8
> +	   ECC mechanism.
> +	   For debugging issues having to do with stability and overall system
> +	   health, you should probably say 'Y' here.
> +
> +config EDAC_ARMV8_POLL
> +	depends on EDAC_ARMV8
> +	bool "Poll on ARMv8 ECC registers"
> +	help
> +	   This option chooses whether or not you want to poll on the Kryo3xx
> +	   ECC registers. 

Are these registers specific to Kryo3xx (i.e. IMPLEMENTATION DEFINED),
or are they defined by the RAS extensions?

>          When this is enabled, the polling rate can be set as
> +	   a module parameter. By default, it will call the polling function
> +	   every second.
> +	   This option should only be used if the associated interrupt lines
> +	   are not enabled.
> +
>  endif # EDAC
> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Makefile b/drivers/edac/Makefile
> index 0fd9ffa..57113ba 100644
> --- a/drivers/edac/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/edac/Makefile
> @@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_IE31200)		+= ie31200_edac.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_X38)			+= x38_edac.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I82860)		+= i82860_edac.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_R82600)		+= r82600_edac.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8)		+= armv8_edac.o
>  
>  amd64_edac_mod-y := amd64_edac.o
>  amd64_edac_mod-$(CONFIG_EDAC_DEBUG) += amd64_edac_dbg.o
> diff --git a/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..d986c47
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,489 @@
> +/* Copyright (c) 2016-2018, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
> + * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/edac.h>
> +#include <linux/of_device.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/smp.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu_pm.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>
> +
> +#include "edac_mc.h"
> +#include "edac_device.h"
> +
> +static int poll_msec = 1000;
> +module_param(poll_msec, int, 0444);
> +
> +static bool panic_on_ue = 0;
> +module_param_named(panic_on_ue, panic_on_ue, bool, 0664);
> +
> +#define L1 0x0
> +#define L2 0x1
> +#define L3 0x2
> +
> +#define EDAC_CPU	"armv8_edac"
> +
> +#define ERRXSTATUS_VALID(a)	((a >> 30) & 0x1)
> +#define ERRXSTATUS_UE(a)	((a >> 29) & 0x1)
> +#define ERRXSTATUS_SERR(a)	(a & 0xFF)
> +
> +#define ERRXMISC_LVL(a)		((a >> 1) & 0x7)
> +#define ERRXMISC_WAY(a)		((a >> 28) & 0xF)
> +
> +#define ERRXCTLR_ENABLE		0x10f
> +#define ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW	0x7F7F00000000ULL
> +
> +static inline void set_errxctlr_el1(void)
> +{
> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_1, %0" : : "r" (ERRXCTLR_ENABLE));
> +}
> +
> +static inline void set_errxmisc_overflow(void)
> +{
> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c5_0, %0" : : "r" (ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW));
> +}
> +
> +static inline void write_errselr_el1(u64 val)
> +{
> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c3_1, %0" : : "r" (val));
> +}
> +
> +static inline u64 read_errxstatus_el1(void)
> +{
> +	u64 val;
> +
> +	asm volatile("mrs %0, s3_0_c5_c4_2" : "=r" (val));
> +	return val;
> +}
> +
> +static inline u64 read_errxmisc_el1(void)
> +{
> +	u64 val;
> +
> +	asm volatile("mrs %0, s3_0_c5_c5_0" : "=r" (val));
> +	return val;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void clear_errxstatus_valid(u64 val)
> +{
> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_2, %0" : : "r" (val));
> +}

Please use {read,write}_sysreg().

If these registers are defined by ARMv8, please place definitions in
arm64's <asm/sysreg.h>.

> +
> +struct errors_edac {
> +	const char * const msg;
> +	void (*func)(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_dev,
> +			int inst_nr, int block_nr, const char *msg);
> +};
> +
> +static const struct errors_edac errors[] = {
> +	{ "L1 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
> +	{ "L1 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
> +	{ "L2 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
> +	{ "L2 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
> +	{ "L3 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
> +	{ "L3 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
> +};
> +
> +#define L1_CE 0
> +#define L1_UE 1
> +#define L2_CE 2
> +#define L2_UE 3
> +#define L3_CE 4
> +#define L3_UE 5
> +
> +#define DATA_BUF_ERR		0x2
> +#define CACHE_DATA_ERR		0x6
> +#define CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR	0x7
> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA	0x8
> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG	0x9
> +#define BUS_ERROR		0x12
> +
> +struct erp_drvdata {
> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl;
> +	struct erp_drvdata __percpu **erp_cpu_drvdata;
> +	struct notifier_block nb_pm;
> +	int ppi;
> +};
> +
> +static struct erp_drvdata *panic_handler_drvdata;
> +
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(armv8_edac_lock);
> +
> +static void l1_l2_irq_enable(void *info)
> +{
> +	int irq = *(int *)info;
> +
> +	enable_percpu_irq(irq, IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH);
> +}
> +
> +static int request_erp_irq(struct platform_device *pdev, const char *propname,
> +			const char *desc, irq_handler_t handler,
> +			void *ed, int percpu)
> +{
> +	int rc;
> +	struct resource *r;
> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv = ed;
> +
> +	r = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_IRQ, propname);
> +
> +	if (!r) {
> +		pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Could not find <%s> IRQ property. Proceeding anyway.\n",
> +			propname);

What is "ERP" ?

> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!percpu) {
> +		rc = devm_request_threaded_irq(&pdev->dev, r->start, NULL,
> +					       handler,
> +					       IRQF_ONESHOT | IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH,
> +					       desc,
> +					       ed);
> +
> +		if (rc) {
> +			pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s). Proceeding anyway.\n",
> +			       (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
> +			goto out;
> +		}
> +
> +	} else {
> +		drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = alloc_percpu(struct erp_drvdata *);
> +		if (!drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
> +			pr_err("Failed to allocate percpu erp data\n");
> +			goto out;
> +		}
> +
> +		*raw_cpu_ptr(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) = drv;
> +		rc = request_percpu_irq(r->start, handler, desc,
> +				drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
> +
> +		if (rc) {
> +			pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s). Proceeding anyway.\n",
> +			       (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
> +			goto out_free;
> +		}
> +
> +		drv->ppi = r->start;
> +		on_each_cpu(l1_l2_irq_enable, &(r->start), 1);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +out_free:
> +	free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
> +	drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = NULL;
> +out:
> +	return 1;
> +}
> +
> +static void dump_err_reg(int errorcode, int level, u64 errxstatus, u64 errxmisc,
> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
> +{
> +	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXSTATUS_EL1: %llx\n", errxstatus);
> +	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXMISC_EL1: %llx\n", errxmisc);
> +	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Cache level: L%d\n", level+1);
> +
> +	switch (ERRXSTATUS_SERR(errxstatus)) {
> +	case DATA_BUF_ERR:
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from internal data buffer\n");
> +		break;
> +
> +	case CACHE_DATA_ERR:
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache data RAM\n");
> +		break;
> +
> +	case CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR:
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache tag or dirty RAM\n");
> +		break;
> +
> +	case TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA:
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB DATA RAM\n");
> +		break;
> +
> +	case TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG:
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB TAG RAM\n");
> +		break;
> +
> +	case BUS_ERROR:
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Bus Error\n");
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (level == L3)
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
> +			"Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc));
> +	else
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
> +			"Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc) >> 2);
> +
> +	edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
> +	errors[errorcode].func(edev_ctl, smp_processor_id(),
> +				level, errors[errorcode].msg);
> +}
> +
> +static void armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(u64 errxstatus, u64 errxmisc,
> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
> +{
> +	switch (ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc)) {
> +	case L1:
> +		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
> +			dump_err_reg(L1_UE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
> +					edev_ctl);
> +		else
> +			dump_err_reg(L1_CE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
> +					edev_ctl);
> +		break;
> +	case L2:
> +		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
> +			dump_err_reg(L2_UE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
> +					edev_ctl);
> +		else
> +			dump_err_reg(L2_CE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
> +					edev_ctl);
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Unknown ERRXMISC_LVL value\n");
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static bool armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(void *info)
> +{
> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = info;
> +	u64 errxstatus;
> +	u64 errxmisc;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> +	write_errselr_el1(0);
> +	errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
> +
> +	if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus)) {
> +		errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
> +		"CPU%d detected a L1/L2 cache error\n",
> +		smp_processor_id());
> +
> +		armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(errxstatus, errxmisc, edev_ctl);
> +		clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> +		return true;
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
> +static bool armv8_check_l3_scu_error(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
> +{
> +	u64 errxstatus = 0;
> +	u64 errxmisc = 0;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> +	write_errselr_el1(1);
> +	errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
> +	errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
> +
> +	if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus) &&
> +		ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc) == L3) {
> +		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus)) {
> +			edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 uncorrectable error\n");
> +			dump_err_reg(L3_UE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
> +				edev_ctl);
> +		} else {
> +			edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 correctable error\n");
> +			dump_err_reg(L3_CE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
> +				edev_ctl);
> +		}
> +
> +		clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> +		return true;
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
> +static void armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper(void *info)
> +{
> +	armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(info);
> +}
> +
> +void armv8_poll_cache_errors(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +
> +	if (!edev_ctl)
> +		edev_ctl = panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl;
> +
> +	armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl);
> +	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> +		smp_call_function_single(cpu, armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper,
> +			edev_ctl, 0);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l1_l2_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
> +{
> +	if (armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl))
> +		return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +	return IRQ_NONE;
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l3_scu_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
> +{
> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv = drvdata;
> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
> +
> +	if (armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl))
> +		return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +	return IRQ_NONE;
> +}
> +
> +static void initialize_registers(void *info)
> +{
> +	set_errxctlr_el1();
> +	set_errxmisc_overflow();
> +}
> +
> +static void init_regs_on_cpu(bool all_cpus)
> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +
> +	write_errselr_el1(0);
> +	if (all_cpus) {
> +		for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
> +			smp_call_function_single(cpu, initialize_registers,
> +						NULL, 1);
> +	} else {
> +		initialize_registers(NULL);
> +	}
> +
> +	write_errselr_el1(1);
> +	initialize_registers(NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static int armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
> +				unsigned long action, void *v)
> +{
> +	switch (action) {
> +	case CPU_PM_EXIT:
> +		init_regs_on_cpu(false);
> +		armv8_check_l3_scu_error(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
> +		armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return NOTIFY_OK;
> +}

What about CPU hotplug?

> +
> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv;
> +	int rc = 0;
> +	int fail = 0;
> +
> +	init_regs_on_cpu(true);
> +
> +	drv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*drv), GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> +	if (!drv)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	drv->edev_ctl = edac_device_alloc_ctl_info(0, "cpu",
> +					num_possible_cpus(), "L", 3, 1, NULL, 0,
> +					edac_device_alloc_index());
> +
> +	if (!drv->edev_ctl)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
> +		drv->edev_ctl->edac_check = armv8_poll_cache_errors;
> +		drv->edev_ctl->poll_msec = poll_msec;
> +	}
> +
> +	drv->edev_ctl->dev = dev;
> +	drv->edev_ctl->mod_name = dev_name(dev);
> +	drv->edev_ctl->dev_name = dev_name(dev);
> +	drv->edev_ctl->ctl_name = "cache";
> +	drv->edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
> +	drv->nb_pm.notifier_call = armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify;
> +	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, drv);
> +
> +	rc = edac_device_add_device(drv->edev_ctl);
> +	if (rc)
> +		goto out_mem;
> +
> +	panic_handler_drvdata = drv;
> +
> +	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
> +		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l1-l2-irq",
> +				"l1_l2_irq",
> +				armv8_l1_l2_handler, drv, 1);
> +
> +		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l3-scu-irq",
> +				"l3_scu_irq",
> +				armv8_l3_scu_handler, drv, 0);

SCU isn't an architectural concept, and a combined l1-l2 interrupt
sounds very specific to a particular implementation.

My understanding was that with the RAS extensions, SError would be used
to notify on RAS conditions, so I'm confused as to why we'd need
regular interrupts here.

> +
> +		if (fail == of_irq_count(dev->of_node)) {
> +			pr_err("ERP: Could not request any IRQs. Giving up.\n");
> +			rc = -ENODEV;
> +			goto out_dev;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	cpu_pm_register_notifier(&(drv->nb_pm));
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +out_dev:
> +	edac_device_del_device(dev);
> +out_mem:
> +	edac_device_free_ctl_info(drv->edev_ctl);
> +	return rc;
> +}
> +
> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv = dev_get_drvdata(&pdev->dev);
> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
> +
> +	if (drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
> +		free_percpu_irq(drv->ppi, drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
> +		free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
> +	}
> +
> +	edac_device_del_device(edac_ctl->dev);
> +	edac_device_free_ctl_info(edac_ctl);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id armv8_cpu_erp_match_table[] = {
> +	{ .compatible = "arm,armv8-cpu-erp" },
> +	{ }
> +};

This needs a binding document, laying out precisely what this is
intended to describe.

Thanks,
Mark.
Kyle Yan Jan. 16, 2018, 1 a.m. UTC | #2
On 2018-01-15 06:44, Mark Rutland wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 04:50:26PM -0800, Kyle Yan wrote:
>> Interrupt based EDAC driver for ARMv8 processors that implement
>> RAS for error detection of CPU caches and lso allows optional polling
>> of error syndrome registers if interrupts are not supported.
> 
> Is this using the architectural RAS extensions, or something specific 
> to
> QC CPUs? It would be good to call this out explicitly.
> 
> If it's the latter, this needs rewording to be clear that this is
> specific to QC CPUs, and is not a generic ARMv8 feature.
> 
This is not specific to QC CPUs and looks at the system registers 
defined by the RAS extensions.

> Is there any interaction with SDEI that we need to be aware of?
I do not believe so. Instead of being firmware-first, this is more meant 
to be kernel-first implementation.

>> 
>> Signed-off-by: Kyle Yan <kyan@codeaurora.org>
>> ---
>>  drivers/edac/Kconfig      |  21 ++
>>  drivers/edac/Makefile     |   1 +
>>  drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c | 489 
>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 
> I see that there's DT parsing code, but no binding. Please add one, as
> per Documentation/devicetree/bindings/submitting-patches.txt.
> 
Will do.
> If this is architectural, how is this expected to work on ACPI systems?
> 
The current design of this driver has only been tested/used on mobile 
devices so I do not yet know how it will work on ACPI systems.

>>  3 files changed, 511 insertions(+)
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>> 
>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Kconfig b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>> index 96afb2a..47a68e3 100644
>> --- a/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>> @@ -457,4 +457,25 @@ config EDAC_XGENE
>>  	  Support for error detection and correction on the
>>  	  APM X-Gene family of SOCs.
>> 
>> +config EDAC_ARMV8
>> +	depends on (ARM || ARM64)
>> +	tristate "ARMv8 L1/L2/L3/SCU Caches ECC"
>> +	help
>> +	   Support for error detection and correction on ARMv8 cores
>> +	   supporting RAS features. Reports errors caught by ARMv8
>> +	   ECC mechanism.
>> +	   For debugging issues having to do with stability and overall 
>> system
>> +	   health, you should probably say 'Y' here.
>> +
>> +config EDAC_ARMV8_POLL
>> +	depends on EDAC_ARMV8
>> +	bool "Poll on ARMv8 ECC registers"
>> +	help
>> +	   This option chooses whether or not you want to poll on the 
>> Kryo3xx
>> +	   ECC registers.
> 
> Are these registers specific to Kryo3xx (i.e. IMPLEMENTATION DEFINED),
> or are they defined by the RAS extensions?
> 
Oops! Typo here. The registers are defined by RAS extensions.

>>          When this is enabled, the polling rate can be set as
>> +	   a module parameter. By default, it will call the polling function
>> +	   every second.
>> +	   This option should only be used if the associated interrupt lines
>> +	   are not enabled.
>> +
>>  endif # EDAC
>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Makefile b/drivers/edac/Makefile
>> index 0fd9ffa..57113ba 100644
>> --- a/drivers/edac/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/edac/Makefile
>> @@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_IE31200)		+= ie31200_edac.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_X38)			+= x38_edac.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I82860)		+= i82860_edac.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_R82600)		+= r82600_edac.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8)		+= armv8_edac.o
>> 
>>  amd64_edac_mod-y := amd64_edac.o
>>  amd64_edac_mod-$(CONFIG_EDAC_DEBUG) += amd64_edac_dbg.o
>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..d986c47
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,489 @@
>> +/* Copyright (c) 2016-2018, The Linux Foundation. All rights 
>> reserved.
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or 
>> modify
>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
>> + * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
>> + *
>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
>> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>> +#include <linux/edac.h>
>> +#include <linux/of_device.h>
>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>> +#include <linux/smp.h>
>> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
>> +#include <linux/cpu_pm.h>
>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>
>> +
>> +#include "edac_mc.h"
>> +#include "edac_device.h"
>> +
>> +static int poll_msec = 1000;
>> +module_param(poll_msec, int, 0444);
>> +
>> +static bool panic_on_ue = 0;
>> +module_param_named(panic_on_ue, panic_on_ue, bool, 0664);
>> +
>> +#define L1 0x0
>> +#define L2 0x1
>> +#define L3 0x2
>> +
>> +#define EDAC_CPU	"armv8_edac"
>> +
>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_VALID(a)	((a >> 30) & 0x1)
>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_UE(a)	((a >> 29) & 0x1)
>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_SERR(a)	(a & 0xFF)
>> +
>> +#define ERRXMISC_LVL(a)		((a >> 1) & 0x7)
>> +#define ERRXMISC_WAY(a)		((a >> 28) & 0xF)
>> +
>> +#define ERRXCTLR_ENABLE		0x10f
>> +#define ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW	0x7F7F00000000ULL
>> +
>> +static inline void set_errxctlr_el1(void)
>> +{
>> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_1, %0" : : "r" (ERRXCTLR_ENABLE));
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline void set_errxmisc_overflow(void)
>> +{
>> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c5_0, %0" : : "r" (ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW));
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline void write_errselr_el1(u64 val)
>> +{
>> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c3_1, %0" : : "r" (val));
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline u64 read_errxstatus_el1(void)
>> +{
>> +	u64 val;
>> +
>> +	asm volatile("mrs %0, s3_0_c5_c4_2" : "=r" (val));
>> +	return val;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline u64 read_errxmisc_el1(void)
>> +{
>> +	u64 val;
>> +
>> +	asm volatile("mrs %0, s3_0_c5_c5_0" : "=r" (val));
>> +	return val;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline void clear_errxstatus_valid(u64 val)
>> +{
>> +	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_2, %0" : : "r" (val));
>> +}
> 
> Please use {read,write}_sysreg().
> 
> If these registers are defined by ARMv8, please place definitions in
> arm64's <asm/sysreg.h>.
> 
Will do.
>> +
>> +struct errors_edac {
>> +	const char * const msg;
>> +	void (*func)(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_dev,
>> +			int inst_nr, int block_nr, const char *msg);
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct errors_edac errors[] = {
>> +	{ "L1 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>> +	{ "L1 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>> +	{ "L2 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>> +	{ "L2 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>> +	{ "L3 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>> +	{ "L3 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define L1_CE 0
>> +#define L1_UE 1
>> +#define L2_CE 2
>> +#define L2_UE 3
>> +#define L3_CE 4
>> +#define L3_UE 5
>> +
>> +#define DATA_BUF_ERR		0x2
>> +#define CACHE_DATA_ERR		0x6
>> +#define CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR	0x7
>> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA	0x8
>> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG	0x9
>> +#define BUS_ERROR		0x12
>> +
>> +struct erp_drvdata {
>> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl;
>> +	struct erp_drvdata __percpu **erp_cpu_drvdata;
>> +	struct notifier_block nb_pm;
>> +	int ppi;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct erp_drvdata *panic_handler_drvdata;
>> +
>> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(armv8_edac_lock);
>> +
>> +static void l1_l2_irq_enable(void *info)
>> +{
>> +	int irq = *(int *)info;
>> +
>> +	enable_percpu_irq(irq, IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int request_erp_irq(struct platform_device *pdev, const char 
>> *propname,
>> +			const char *desc, irq_handler_t handler,
>> +			void *ed, int percpu)
>> +{
>> +	int rc;
>> +	struct resource *r;
>> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv = ed;
>> +
>> +	r = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_IRQ, propname);
>> +
>> +	if (!r) {
>> +		pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Could not find <%s> IRQ property. Proceeding 
>> anyway.\n",
>> +			propname);
> 
> What is "ERP" ?
> 
Error Reporting. I may just rename it to EDAC or list it out in 
Documentation.
>> +		goto out;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (!percpu) {
>> +		rc = devm_request_threaded_irq(&pdev->dev, r->start, NULL,
>> +					       handler,
>> +					       IRQF_ONESHOT | IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH,
>> +					       desc,
>> +					       ed);
>> +
>> +		if (rc) {
>> +			pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s). 
>> Proceeding anyway.\n",
>> +			       (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
>> +			goto out;
>> +		}
>> +
>> +	} else {
>> +		drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = alloc_percpu(struct erp_drvdata *);
>> +		if (!drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
>> +			pr_err("Failed to allocate percpu erp data\n");
>> +			goto out;
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		*raw_cpu_ptr(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) = drv;
>> +		rc = request_percpu_irq(r->start, handler, desc,
>> +				drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>> +
>> +		if (rc) {
>> +			pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s). 
>> Proceeding anyway.\n",
>> +			       (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
>> +			goto out_free;
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		drv->ppi = r->start;
>> +		on_each_cpu(l1_l2_irq_enable, &(r->start), 1);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return 0;
>> +
>> +out_free:
>> +	free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>> +	drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = NULL;
>> +out:
>> +	return 1;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void dump_err_reg(int errorcode, int level, u64 errxstatus, 
>> u64 errxmisc,
>> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>> +{
>> +	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXSTATUS_EL1: %llx\n", 
>> errxstatus);
>> +	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXMISC_EL1: %llx\n", errxmisc);
>> +	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Cache level: L%d\n", level+1);
>> +
>> +	switch (ERRXSTATUS_SERR(errxstatus)) {
>> +	case DATA_BUF_ERR:
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from internal data 
>> buffer\n");
>> +		break;
>> +
>> +	case CACHE_DATA_ERR:
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache data 
>> RAM\n");
>> +		break;
>> +
>> +	case CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR:
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache tag or dirty 
>> RAM\n");
>> +		break;
>> +
>> +	case TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA:
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB DATA RAM\n");
>> +		break;
>> +
>> +	case TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG:
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB TAG RAM\n");
>> +		break;
>> +
>> +	case BUS_ERROR:
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Bus Error\n");
>> +		break;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (level == L3)
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>> +			"Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc));
>> +	else
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>> +			"Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc) >> 2);
>> +
>> +	edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
>> +	errors[errorcode].func(edev_ctl, smp_processor_id(),
>> +				level, errors[errorcode].msg);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(u64 errxstatus, u64 
>> errxmisc,
>> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>> +{
>> +	switch (ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc)) {
>> +	case L1:
>> +		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
>> +			dump_err_reg(L1_UE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>> +					edev_ctl);
>> +		else
>> +			dump_err_reg(L1_CE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>> +					edev_ctl);
>> +		break;
>> +	case L2:
>> +		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
>> +			dump_err_reg(L2_UE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>> +					edev_ctl);
>> +		else
>> +			dump_err_reg(L2_CE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>> +					edev_ctl);
>> +		break;
>> +	default:
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Unknown ERRXMISC_LVL value\n");
>> +	}
>> +}
>> +
>> +static bool armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(void *info)
>> +{
>> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = info;
>> +	u64 errxstatus;
>> +	u64 errxmisc;
>> +	unsigned long flags;
>> +
>> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>> +	write_errselr_el1(0);
>> +	errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
>> +
>> +	if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus)) {
>> +		errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
>> +		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>> +		"CPU%d detected a L1/L2 cache error\n",
>> +		smp_processor_id());
>> +
>> +		armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(errxstatus, errxmisc, edev_ctl);
>> +		clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
>> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>> +		return true;
>> +	}
>> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>> +	return false;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static bool armv8_check_l3_scu_error(struct edac_device_ctl_info 
>> *edev_ctl)
>> +{
>> +	u64 errxstatus = 0;
>> +	u64 errxmisc = 0;
>> +	unsigned long flags;
>> +
>> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>> +	write_errselr_el1(1);
>> +	errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
>> +	errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
>> +
>> +	if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus) &&
>> +		ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc) == L3) {
>> +		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus)) {
>> +			edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 uncorrectable 
>> error\n");
>> +			dump_err_reg(L3_UE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>> +				edev_ctl);
>> +		} else {
>> +			edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 correctable 
>> error\n");
>> +			dump_err_reg(L3_CE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>> +				edev_ctl);
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
>> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>> +		return true;
>> +	}
>> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>> +	return false;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper(void *info)
>> +{
>> +	armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(info);
>> +}
>> +
>> +void armv8_poll_cache_errors(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>> +{
>> +	int cpu;
>> +
>> +	if (!edev_ctl)
>> +		edev_ctl = panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl;
>> +
>> +	armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl);
>> +	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
>> +		smp_call_function_single(cpu, armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper,
>> +			edev_ctl, 0);
>> +	}
>> +}
>> +
>> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l1_l2_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
>> +{
>> +	if (armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl))
>> +		return IRQ_HANDLED;
>> +	return IRQ_NONE;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l3_scu_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
>> +{
>> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv = drvdata;
>> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
>> +
>> +	if (armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl))
>> +		return IRQ_HANDLED;
>> +	return IRQ_NONE;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void initialize_registers(void *info)
>> +{
>> +	set_errxctlr_el1();
>> +	set_errxmisc_overflow();
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void init_regs_on_cpu(bool all_cpus)
>> +{
>> +	int cpu;
>> +
>> +	write_errselr_el1(0);
>> +	if (all_cpus) {
>> +		for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
>> +			smp_call_function_single(cpu, initialize_registers,
>> +						NULL, 1);
>> +	} else {
>> +		initialize_registers(NULL);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	write_errselr_el1(1);
>> +	initialize_registers(NULL);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
>> +				unsigned long action, void *v)
>> +{
>> +	switch (action) {
>> +	case CPU_PM_EXIT:
>> +		init_regs_on_cpu(false);
>> +		armv8_check_l3_scu_error(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
>> +		armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
>> +		break;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return NOTIFY_OK;
>> +}
> 
> What about CPU hotplug?
> 
Agreed that CPU hotplug will be required for the small window between 
hotplugging back in and LPM exit.

>> +
>> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>> +{
>> +	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
>> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv;
>> +	int rc = 0;
>> +	int fail = 0;
>> +
>> +	init_regs_on_cpu(true);
>> +
>> +	drv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*drv), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +
>> +	if (!drv)
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> +	drv->edev_ctl = edac_device_alloc_ctl_info(0, "cpu",
>> +					num_possible_cpus(), "L", 3, 1, NULL, 0,
>> +					edac_device_alloc_index());
>> +
>> +	if (!drv->edev_ctl)
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
>> +		drv->edev_ctl->edac_check = armv8_poll_cache_errors;
>> +		drv->edev_ctl->poll_msec = poll_msec;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	drv->edev_ctl->dev = dev;
>> +	drv->edev_ctl->mod_name = dev_name(dev);
>> +	drv->edev_ctl->dev_name = dev_name(dev);
>> +	drv->edev_ctl->ctl_name = "cache";
>> +	drv->edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
>> +	drv->nb_pm.notifier_call = armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify;
>> +	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, drv);
>> +
>> +	rc = edac_device_add_device(drv->edev_ctl);
>> +	if (rc)
>> +		goto out_mem;
>> +
>> +	panic_handler_drvdata = drv;
>> +
>> +	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
>> +		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l1-l2-irq",
>> +				"l1_l2_irq",
>> +				armv8_l1_l2_handler, drv, 1);
>> +
>> +		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l3-scu-irq",
>> +				"l3_scu_irq",
>> +				armv8_l3_scu_handler, drv, 0);
> 
> SCU isn't an architectural concept, and a combined l1-l2 interrupt
> sounds very specific to a particular implementation.
> 
Can do a rename to something more akin to "private_cache_irq" and 
"shared_cache_irq".

> My understanding was that with the RAS extensions, SError would be used
> to notify on RAS conditions, so I'm confused as to why we'd need
> regular interrupts here.
> 
There may be cases where interrupts are preferred. To my knowledge 
(though I may mistaken), SErrors would not catch correctable errors?

>> +
>> +		if (fail == of_irq_count(dev->of_node)) {
>> +			pr_err("ERP: Could not request any IRQs. Giving up.\n");
>> +			rc = -ENODEV;
>> +			goto out_dev;
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	cpu_pm_register_notifier(&(drv->nb_pm));
>> +
>> +	return 0;
>> +
>> +out_dev:
>> +	edac_device_del_device(dev);
>> +out_mem:
>> +	edac_device_free_ctl_info(drv->edev_ctl);
>> +	return rc;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
>> +{
>> +	struct erp_drvdata *drv = dev_get_drvdata(&pdev->dev);
>> +	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
>> +
>> +	if (drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
>> +		free_percpu_irq(drv->ppi, drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>> +		free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	edac_device_del_device(edac_ctl->dev);
>> +	edac_device_free_ctl_info(edac_ctl);
>> +
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct of_device_id armv8_cpu_erp_match_table[] = {
>> +	{ .compatible = "arm,armv8-cpu-erp" },
>> +	{ }
>> +};
> 
> This needs a binding document, laying out precisely what this is
> intended to describe.
> 
Will do.
> Thanks,
> Mark.
> 
> _______________________________________________
> linux-arm-kernel mailing list
> linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel
James Morse Jan. 16, 2018, 1:11 p.m. UTC | #3
Hi Kyle,

(Thanks for looping me in Mark!)

On 16/01/18 01:00, Kyle Yan wrote:
> On 2018-01-15 06:44, Mark Rutland wrote:
>> On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 04:50:26PM -0800, Kyle Yan wrote:
>>> Interrupt based EDAC driver for ARMv8 processors that implement
>>> RAS for error detection of CPU caches and lso allows optional polling
>>> of error syndrome registers if interrupts are not supported.
>>
>> Is this using the architectural RAS extensions, or something specific to
>> QC CPUs? It would be good to call this out explicitly.
>>
>> If it's the latter, this needs rewording to be clear that this is
>> specific to QC CPUs, and is not a generic ARMv8 feature.

> This is not specific to QC CPUs and looks at the system registers defined by the
> RAS extensions.

Excellent, so it should work on the FVP too!

[...]


>> If this is architectural, how is this expected to work on ACPI systems?
>>
> The current design of this driver has only been tested/used on mobile devices so
> I do not yet know how it will work on ACPI systems.

For ACPI systems wanting to do kernel-first I assume there will need to be some
description of where the mmio RAS nodes are in the address space and what
interrupts etc they generate. This would be equivalent to the data in the DT.

How come you don't read ERRIDR to find out how many nodes are behind the CPU
interface registers? Surely you have to poll all of them?

If you're polling this, you must have to poke the system register every-second
on every-CPU. Wouldn't it be better to use the memory-mapped interface on one
CPU to do this?

You aren't touching ERR<n>FR at all, this tells us whether the node(?) supports
error recovery interrupts, counter formats etc.


>>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Kconfig b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>>> index 96afb2a..47a68e3 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>>> +++ b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>>> @@ -457,4 +457,25 @@ config EDAC_XGENE
>>>        Support for error detection and correction on the
>>>        APM X-Gene family of SOCs.
>>>
>>> +config EDAC_ARMV8
>>> +    depends on (ARM || ARM64)

As you are accessing system registers this should depend on 'ARM64_RAS_EXTN'
too, and register accesses need to be behind something like
cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_RAS_EXTN).

The patch that adds these bits is here:
https://www.spinics.net/lists/arm-kernel/msg628997.html

(I don't know how cpufeature detection works on 32bit)


>>> +    tristate "ARMv8 L1/L2/L3/SCU Caches ECC"
>>> +    help
>>> +       Support for error detection and correction on ARMv8 cores
>>> +       supporting RAS features. Reports errors caught by ARMv8
>>> +       ECC mechanism.
>>> +       For debugging issues having to do with stability and overall system
>>> +       health, you should probably say 'Y' here.
>>> +
>>> +config EDAC_ARMV8_POLL
>>> +    depends on EDAC_ARMV8
>>> +    bool "Poll on ARMv8 ECC registers"
>>> +    help
>>> +       This option chooses whether or not you want to poll on the Kryo3xx
>>> +       ECC registers.
>>
>> Are these registers specific to Kryo3xx (i.e. IMPLEMENTATION DEFINED),
>> or are they defined by the RAS extensions?
>>
> Oops! Typo here. The registers are defined by RAS extensions.
> 
>>>          When this is enabled, the polling rate can be set as
>>> +       a module parameter. By default, it will call the polling function
>>> +       every second.

ACPI's firmware-first polling mechanism allows firmware to specify the polling
rate. How was 'every second' picked? Does it depend on the SoC?


>>> +       This option should only be used if the associated interrupt lines
>>> +       are not enabled.

How does the user know?


>>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..d986c47
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,489 @@
>>> +/* Copyright (c) 2016-2018, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.
>>> + *
>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
>>> + * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
>>> + *
>>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>>> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
>>> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>>> +#include <linux/edac.h>
>>> +#include <linux/of_device.h>
>>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>>> +#include <linux/smp.h>
>>> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
>>> +#include <linux/cpu_pm.h>
>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>

(Nit: alphabetical order makes for fewer conflicts in the future)


>>> +#include "edac_mc.h"
>>> +#include "edac_device.h"
>>> +
>>> +static int poll_msec = 1000;
>>> +module_param(poll_msec, int, 0444);
>>> +
>>> +static bool panic_on_ue = 0;
>>> +module_param_named(panic_on_ue, panic_on_ue, bool, 0664);
>>> +
>>> +#define L1 0x0
>>> +#define L2 0x1
>>> +#define L3 0x2

>>> +#define EDAC_CPU    "armv8_edac"
>>> +
>>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_VALID(a)    ((a >> 30) & 0x1)
>>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_UE(a)    ((a >> 29) & 0x1)
>>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_SERR(a)    (a & 0xFF)
>>> +
>>> +#define ERRXMISC_LVL(a)        ((a >> 1) & 0x7)
>>> +#define ERRXMISC_WAY(a)        ((a >> 28) & 0xF)

Which ERR<n>MISC is this? [0] has two. At first glance these are both
implementation-defined, so we can't rely on the values.

(MISC0 has some archtitected-layout, it seems we're expected to know which
layout it will be based on ERR<n>FR - but I can't see 'lvl' or 'way' in any of
those layouts).

You don't check ERR<n>STATUS.MV to know if the 'Miscallaneous Registers Valid'.


>>> +#define ERRXCTLR_ENABLE        0x10f

This looks like a magic value to set some bits. Could you add defines to name
each one, then combine so we know what was set.
This register has one of two layouts, it seems each control picks a layout. How
can we know if the read/write bits are combined or separate? It looks like this
in ERR<n>FR too.


>>> +#define ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW    0x7F7F00000000ULL

This looks like a magic value written to a register with an impdef layout.

[...]

>>> +static inline void set_errxctlr_el1(void)
>>> +{
>>> +    asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_1, %0" : : "r" (ERRXCTLR_ENABLE));
>>> +}

>>
>> Please use {read,write}_sysreg().
>>
>> If these registers are defined by ARMv8, please place definitions in
>> arm64's <asm/sysreg.h>.
>>
> Will do.

Yes please!

(The s3_0_c5_c4_1 syntax isn't supported by all toolchains, see 72c5839515260dc
"arm64: gicv3: Allow GICv3 compilation with older binutils")

You also need to guard these with something like
cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_RAS_EXTN) so CPUs without the RAS extensions don't try
to access an unimplemented system register. Testing once during probe is
probably the best place to do this.


>>> +
>>> +struct errors_edac {
>>> +    const char * const msg;
>>> +    void (*func)(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_dev,
>>> +            int inst_nr, int block_nr, const char *msg);
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static const struct errors_edac errors[] = {
>>> +    { "L1 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>>> +    { "L1 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>>> +    { "L2 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>>> +    { "L2 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>>> +    { "L3 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>>> +    { "L3 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>>> +};
>>> +

>>> +#define L1_CE 0
>>> +#define L1_UE 1
>>> +#define L2_CE 2
>>> +#define L2_UE 3
>>> +#define L3_CE 4
>>> +#define L3_UE 5

This are read from ERR<n>MISC, I can't find this in the spec[0], are these
specific to your implementation?


>>> +#define DATA_BUF_ERR        0x2
>>> +#define CACHE_DATA_ERR        0x6
>>> +#define CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR    0x7
>>> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA    0x8
>>> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG    0x9

(Nit: 'TAG' is the example address/control data that has become corrupt. We
don't know how the cache is designed, 'metadata' may be a better choice of word
here).

>>> +#define BUS_ERROR        0x12

There are 21 of these and only 2 are implementation defined. How come you don't
define all of them?

All these get used for is to map to a name, would a table be better?
(e.g. arch/arm64/mm/fault.c::fault_info)


>>> +struct erp_drvdata {
>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl;
>>> +    struct erp_drvdata __percpu **erp_cpu_drvdata;
>>> +    struct notifier_block nb_pm;
>>> +    int ppi;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct erp_drvdata *panic_handler_drvdata;
>>> +
>>> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(armv8_edac_lock);
>>> +
>>> +static void l1_l2_irq_enable(void *info)
>>> +{
>>> +    int irq = *(int *)info;
>>> +
>>> +    enable_percpu_irq(irq, IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH);
>>> +}

(Shouldn't the 'percpu' and 'level_high' be information learnt from the DT?)


>>> +static int request_erp_irq(struct platform_device *pdev, const char *propname,
>>> +            const char *desc, irq_handler_t handler,
>>> +            void *ed, int percpu)
>>> +{
>>> +    int rc;
>>> +    struct resource *r;
>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv = ed;
>>> +
>>> +    r = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_IRQ, propname);
>>> +
>>> +    if (!r) {
>>> +        pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Could not find <%s> IRQ property. Proceeding
>>> anyway.\n",
>>> +            propname);
>>
>> What is "ERP" ?

> Error Reporting. I may just rename it to EDAC or list it out in Documentation.

>>> +        goto out;
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    if (!percpu) {
>>> +        rc = devm_request_threaded_irq(&pdev->dev, r->start, NULL,
>>> +                           handler,
>>> +                           IRQF_ONESHOT | IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH,
>>> +                           desc,
>>> +                           ed);
>>> +
>>> +        if (rc) {
>>> +            pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s).
>>> Proceeding anyway.\n",
>>> +                   (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
>>> +            goto out;
>>> +        }
>>> +
>>> +    } else {
>>> +        drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = alloc_percpu(struct erp_drvdata *);
>>> +        if (!drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
>>> +            pr_err("Failed to allocate percpu erp data\n");
>>> +            goto out;
>>> +        }
>>> +
>>> +        *raw_cpu_ptr(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) = drv;

raw_cpu_ptr(). You call this from armv8_cpu_erp_probe(), so you're probably
preemtible. Could you use this_cpu_ptr() and enable CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT.

(How come you only set this per-cpu cookie on one cpu?)


>>> +        rc = request_percpu_irq(r->start, handler, desc,
>>> +                drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>> +
>>> +        if (rc) {
>>> +            pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s).
>>> Proceeding anyway.\n",
>>> +                   (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
>>> +            goto out_free;
>>> +        }
>>> +
>>> +        drv->ppi = r->start;
>>> +        on_each_cpu(l1_l2_irq_enable, &(r->start), 1);
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    return 0;
>>> +
>>> +out_free:
>>> +    free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>> +    drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = NULL;
>>> +out:
>>> +    return 1;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void dump_err_reg(int errorcode, int level, u64 errxstatus, u64
>>> errxmisc,
>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>>> +{
>>> +    edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXSTATUS_EL1: %llx\n", errxstatus);
>>> +    edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXMISC_EL1: %llx\n", errxmisc);
>>> +    edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Cache level: L%d\n", level+1);
>>> +    switch (ERRXSTATUS_SERR(errxstatus)) {
>>> +    case DATA_BUF_ERR:
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from internal data
>>> buffer\n");
>>> +        break;
>>> +
>>> +    case CACHE_DATA_ERR:
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache data RAM\n");
>>> +        break;
>>> +
>>> +    case CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR:
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache tag or dirty
>>> RAM\n");
>>> +        break;
>>> +
>>> +    case TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA:
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB DATA RAM\n");
>>> +        break;
>>> +
>>> +    case TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG:
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB TAG RAM\n");
>>> +        break;
>>> +
>>> +    case BUS_ERROR:
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Bus Error\n");
>>> +        break;
>>> +    }

>>> +    if (level == L3)
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>>> +            "Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc));
>>> +    else
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>>> +            "Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc) >> 2);
>>> +
>>> +    edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
>>> +    errors[errorcode].func(edev_ctl, smp_processor_id(),
>>> +                level, errors[errorcode].msg);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(u64 errxstatus, u64 errxmisc,
>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>>> +{
>>> +    switch (ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc)) {
>>> +    case L1:
>>> +        if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
>>> +            dump_err_reg(L1_UE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>> +                    edev_ctl);
>>> +        else
>>> +            dump_err_reg(L1_CE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>> +                    edev_ctl);

If the UE bit is clear the error may have been 'corrected or deferred'. I guess
we assume deferred errors don't happen, so !UE means Corrected-Error.


>>> +        break;
>>> +    case L2:
>>> +        if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
>>> +            dump_err_reg(L2_UE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>> +                    edev_ctl);
>>> +        else
>>> +            dump_err_reg(L2_CE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>> +                    edev_ctl);
>>> +        break;
>>> +    default:
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Unknown ERRXMISC_LVL value\n");
>>> +    }
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static bool armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(void *info)
>>> +{
>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = info;
>>> +    u64 errxstatus;
>>> +    u64 errxmisc;
>>> +    unsigned long flags;
>>> +
>>> +    spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);

>>> +    write_errselr_el1(0);

How do we know how many nodes backed by the cpu interface there are?
How do we know '0' is the one we want?

>>> +    errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
>>> +
>>> +    if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus)) {
>>> +        errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>>> +        "CPU%d detected a L1/L2 cache error\n",
>>> +        smp_processor_id());
>>> +
>>> +        armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(errxstatus, errxmisc, edev_ctl);
>>> +        clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
>>> +        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>> +        return true;
>>> +    }
>>> +    spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>> +    return false;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static bool armv8_check_l3_scu_error(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>>> +{
>>> +    u64 errxstatus = 0;
>>> +    u64 errxmisc = 0;
>>> +    unsigned long flags;
>>> +
>>> +    spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);

>>> +    write_errselr_el1(1);

How do we know '1' is the one we want?


>>> +    errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
>>> +    errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
>>> +
>>> +    if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus) &&
>>> +        ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc) == L3) {
>>> +        if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus)) {
>>> +            edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 uncorrectable
>>> error\n");
>>> +            dump_err_reg(L3_UE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>> +                edev_ctl);
>>> +        } else {
>>> +            edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 correctable
>>> error\n");
>>> +            dump_err_reg(L3_CE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>> +                edev_ctl);

What about deferred errors?


>>> +        }
>>> +
>>> +        clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
>>> +        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>> +        return true;
>>> +    }
>>> +    spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>> +    return false;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper(void *info)
>>> +{
>>> +    armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(info);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +void armv8_poll_cache_errors(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>>> +{
>>> +    int cpu;
>>> +
>>> +    if (!edev_ctl)
>>> +        edev_ctl = panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl;
>>> +
>>> +    armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl);
>>> +    for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
>>> +        smp_call_function_single(cpu, armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper,
>>> +            edev_ctl, 0);

on_each_cpu()?

>>> +    }
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l1_l2_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
>>> +{
>>> +    if (armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl))
>>> +        return IRQ_HANDLED;
>>> +    return IRQ_NONE;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l3_scu_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
>>> +{
>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv = drvdata;
>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
>>> +
>>> +    if (armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl))
>>> +        return IRQ_HANDLED;
>>> +    return IRQ_NONE;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void initialize_registers(void *info)
>>> +{
>>> +    set_errxctlr_el1();
>>> +    set_errxmisc_overflow();
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void init_regs_on_cpu(bool all_cpus)
>>> +{
>>> +    int cpu;
>>> +
>>> +    write_errselr_el1(0);

This only happens on the local CPU, the other end of your
smp_call_function_single() may have junk in this register.


>>> +    if (all_cpus) {
>>> +        for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
>>> +            smp_call_function_single(cpu, initialize_registers,
>>> +                        NULL, 1);

on_each_cpu()?


>>> +    } else {
>>> +        initialize_registers(NULL);
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    write_errselr_el1(1);
>>> +    initialize_registers(NULL);

You seem to magically-know that this 'record 1' is shared between all CPUs and
visible via the cpu interface.


>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
>>> +                unsigned long action, void *v)
>>> +{
>>> +    switch (action) {
>>> +    case CPU_PM_EXIT:
>>> +        init_regs_on_cpu(false);
>>> +        armv8_check_l3_scu_error(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
>>> +        armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
>>> +        break;
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    return NOTIFY_OK;
>>> +}
>>
>> What about CPU hotplug?
>>
> Agreed that CPU hotplug will be required for the small window between
> hotplugging back in and LPM exit.
> 
>>> +
>>> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>> +{
>>> +    struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv;
>>> +    int rc = 0;
>>> +    int fail = 0;
>>> +
>>> +    init_regs_on_cpu(true);
>>> +
>>> +    drv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*drv), GFP_KERNEL);
>>> +
>>> +    if (!drv)
>>> +        return -ENOMEM;
>>> +
>>> +    drv->edev_ctl = edac_device_alloc_ctl_info(0, "cpu",
>>> +                    num_possible_cpus(), "L", 3, 1, NULL, 0,
>>> +                    edac_device_alloc_index());
>>> +
>>> +    if (!drv->edev_ctl)
>>> +        return -ENOMEM;
>>> +
>>> +    if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
>>> +        drv->edev_ctl->edac_check = armv8_poll_cache_errors;
>>> +        drv->edev_ctl->poll_msec = poll_msec;
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->dev = dev;
>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->mod_name = dev_name(dev);
>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->dev_name = dev_name(dev);

>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->ctl_name = "cache";

How do we know records '0' and '1' are 'cache'?


>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
>>> +    drv->nb_pm.notifier_call = armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify;
>>> +    platform_set_drvdata(pdev, drv);
>>> +
>>> +    rc = edac_device_add_device(drv->edev_ctl);
>>> +    if (rc)
>>> +        goto out_mem;
>>> +
>>> +    panic_handler_drvdata = drv;
>>> +
>>> +    if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
>>> +        fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l1-l2-irq",
>>> +                "l1_l2_irq",
>>> +                armv8_l1_l2_handler, drv, 1);
>>> +
>>> +        fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l3-scu-irq",
>>> +                "l3_scu_irq",
>>> +                armv8_l3_scu_handler, drv, 0);

How do we know 'l1/l2' is per-cpu and l2 isn't? I'd expect this information to
come from the DT.


>> SCU isn't an architectural concept, and a combined l1-l2 interrupt
>> sounds very specific to a particular implementation.

> Can do a rename to something more akin to "private_cache_irq" and
> "shared_cache_irq".

>> My understanding was that with the RAS extensions, SError would be used
>> to notify on RAS conditions, so I'm confused as to why we'd need
>> regular interrupts here.

> There may be cases where interrupts are preferred. To my knowledge (though I may
> mistaken), SErrors would not catch correctable errors?

With the v8.2 RAS Extensions both synchronous and asynchronous external-aborts
have a severity in the ESR which tells us
corrected/restartable/recoverable/uncontainable.

Error nodes may signal an 'error recovery interrupt' or 'fatal handling
interrupt' when the in-band external-abort mechanisms can't be used. (Sections
3.3 to 3.5 of [0]).


>>> +        if (fail == of_irq_count(dev->of_node)) {
>>> +            pr_err("ERP: Could not request any IRQs. Giving up.\n");
>>> +            rc = -ENODEV;
>>> +            goto out_dev;
>>> +        }
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    cpu_pm_register_notifier(&(drv->nb_pm));
>>> +
>>> +    return 0;
>>> +
>>> +out_dev:
>>> +    edac_device_del_device(dev);
>>> +out_mem:
>>> +    edac_device_free_ctl_info(drv->edev_ctl);
>>> +    return rc;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>> +{
>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv = dev_get_drvdata(&pdev->dev);
>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
>>> +
>>> +    if (drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
>>> +        free_percpu_irq(drv->ppi, drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>> +        free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    edac_device_del_device(edac_ctl->dev);
>>> +    edac_device_free_ctl_info(edac_ctl);
>>> +
>>> +    return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct of_device_id armv8_cpu_erp_match_table[] = {
>>> +    { .compatible = "arm,armv8-cpu-erp" },
>>> +    { }
>>> +};
>>
>> This needs a binding document, laying out precisely what this is
>> intended to describe.


Thanks,

James

[0]
https://static.docs.arm.com/ddi0587/a/RAS%20Extension-release%20candidate_march_29.pdf
Mark Rutland Jan. 16, 2018, 3:39 p.m. UTC | #4
On Mon, Jan 15, 2018 at 05:00:08PM -0800, Kyle Yan wrote:
> On 2018-01-15 06:44, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 04:50:26PM -0800, Kyle Yan wrote:
> > > +	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
> > > +		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l1-l2-irq",
> > > +				"l1_l2_irq",
> > > +				armv8_l1_l2_handler, drv, 1);
> > > +
> > > +		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l3-scu-irq",
> > > +				"l3_scu_irq",
> > > +				armv8_l3_scu_handler, drv, 0);
> > 
> > SCU isn't an architectural concept, and a combined l1-l2 interrupt
> > sounds very specific to a particular implementation.
> > 
> Can do a rename to something more akin to "private_cache_irq" and
> "shared_cache_irq".

My concern is more that whatever interrupts exist (and how they are
combined etc) is going to be specific to a given platform. Regardless of
the names we choose, the semantic of that name is platform-dependent.

I think to support interrupts, we need an explicit description of the
error node topology, with the interrupts associated with that topology
somehow. Names alone are not sufficient.

Thanks,
Mark.
Kyle Yan Jan. 18, 2018, 1:19 a.m. UTC | #5
On 2018-01-16 05:11, James Morse wrote:
> Hi Kyle,
> 
> (Thanks for looping me in Mark!)
> 
> On 16/01/18 01:00, Kyle Yan wrote:
>> On 2018-01-15 06:44, Mark Rutland wrote:
>>> On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 04:50:26PM -0800, Kyle Yan wrote:
>>>> Interrupt based EDAC driver for ARMv8 processors that implement
>>>> RAS for error detection of CPU caches and lso allows optional 
>>>> polling
>>>> of error syndrome registers if interrupts are not supported.
>>> 
>>> Is this using the architectural RAS extensions, or something specific 
>>> to
>>> QC CPUs? It would be good to call this out explicitly.
>>> 
>>> If it's the latter, this needs rewording to be clear that this is
>>> specific to QC CPUs, and is not a generic ARMv8 feature.
> 
>> This is not specific to QC CPUs and looks at the system registers 
>> defined by the
>> RAS extensions.
> 
> Excellent, so it should work on the FVP too!
> 
> [...]
> 
> 
>>> If this is architectural, how is this expected to work on ACPI 
>>> systems?
>>> 
>> The current design of this driver has only been tested/used on mobile 
>> devices so
>> I do not yet know how it will work on ACPI systems.
> 
> For ACPI systems wanting to do kernel-first I assume there will need to 
> be some
> description of where the mmio RAS nodes are in the address space and 
> what
> interrupts etc they generate. This would be equivalent to the data in 
> the DT.
> 
> How come you don't read ERRIDR to find out how many nodes are behind 
> the CPU
> interface registers? Surely you have to poll all of them?
> 
> If you're polling this, you must have to poke the system register 
> every-second
> on every-CPU. Wouldn't it be better to use the memory-mapped interface 
> on one
> CPU to do this?
> 
> You aren't touching ERR<n>FR at all, this tells us whether the node(?) 
> supports
> error recovery interrupts, counter formats etc.
> 
> 
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/Kconfig b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>>>> index 96afb2a..47a68e3 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>>>> +++ b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
>>>> @@ -457,4 +457,25 @@ config EDAC_XGENE
>>>>        Support for error detection and correction on the
>>>>        APM X-Gene family of SOCs.
>>>> 
>>>> +config EDAC_ARMV8
>>>> +    depends on (ARM || ARM64)
> 
> As you are accessing system registers this should depend on 
> 'ARM64_RAS_EXTN'
> too, and register accesses need to be behind something like
> cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_RAS_EXTN).
> 
> The patch that adds these bits is here:
> https://www.spinics.net/lists/arm-kernel/msg628997.html
> 
> (I don't know how cpufeature detection works on 32bit)
> 
> 
>>>> +    tristate "ARMv8 L1/L2/L3/SCU Caches ECC"
>>>> +    help
>>>> +       Support for error detection and correction on ARMv8 cores
>>>> +       supporting RAS features. Reports errors caught by ARMv8
>>>> +       ECC mechanism.
>>>> +       For debugging issues having to do with stability and overall 
>>>> system
>>>> +       health, you should probably say 'Y' here.
>>>> +
>>>> +config EDAC_ARMV8_POLL
>>>> +    depends on EDAC_ARMV8
>>>> +    bool "Poll on ARMv8 ECC registers"
>>>> +    help
>>>> +       This option chooses whether or not you want to poll on the 
>>>> Kryo3xx
>>>> +       ECC registers.
>>> 
>>> Are these registers specific to Kryo3xx (i.e. IMPLEMENTATION 
>>> DEFINED),
>>> or are they defined by the RAS extensions?
>>> 
>> Oops! Typo here. The registers are defined by RAS extensions.
>> 
>>>>          When this is enabled, the polling rate can be set as
>>>> +       a module parameter. By default, it will call the polling 
>>>> function
>>>> +       every second.
> 
> ACPI's firmware-first polling mechanism allows firmware to specify the 
> polling
> rate. How was 'every second' picked? Does it depend on the SoC?
> 
> 
>>>> +       This option should only be used if the associated interrupt 
>>>> lines
>>>> +       are not enabled.
> 
> How does the user know?
> 
> 
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>>>> new file mode 100644
>>>> index 0000000..d986c47
>>>> --- /dev/null
>>>> +++ b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>>>> @@ -0,0 +1,489 @@
>>>> +/* Copyright (c) 2016-2018, The Linux Foundation. All rights 
>>>> reserved.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or 
>>>> modify
>>>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 
>>>> and
>>>> + * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>>>> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>>>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
>>>> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
>>>> + */
>>>> +
>>>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/edac.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/of_device.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/smp.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/cpu_pm.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>
> 
> (Nit: alphabetical order makes for fewer conflicts in the future)
> 
> 
>>>> +#include "edac_mc.h"
>>>> +#include "edac_device.h"
>>>> +
>>>> +static int poll_msec = 1000;
>>>> +module_param(poll_msec, int, 0444);
>>>> +
>>>> +static bool panic_on_ue = 0;
>>>> +module_param_named(panic_on_ue, panic_on_ue, bool, 0664);
>>>> +
>>>> +#define L1 0x0
>>>> +#define L2 0x1
>>>> +#define L3 0x2
> 
>>>> +#define EDAC_CPU    "armv8_edac"
>>>> +
>>>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_VALID(a)    ((a >> 30) & 0x1)
>>>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_UE(a)    ((a >> 29) & 0x1)
>>>> +#define ERRXSTATUS_SERR(a)    (a & 0xFF)
>>>> +
>>>> +#define ERRXMISC_LVL(a)        ((a >> 1) & 0x7)
>>>> +#define ERRXMISC_WAY(a)        ((a >> 28) & 0xF)
> 
> Which ERR<n>MISC is this? [0] has two. At first glance these are both
> implementation-defined, so we can't rely on the values.
> 
> (MISC0 has some archtitected-layout, it seems we're expected to know 
> which
> layout it will be based on ERR<n>FR - but I can't see 'lvl' or 'way' in 
> any of
> those layouts).
> 
> You don't check ERR<n>STATUS.MV to know if the 'Miscallaneous Registers 
> Valid'.
> 
> 
>>>> +#define ERRXCTLR_ENABLE        0x10f
> 
> This looks like a magic value to set some bits. Could you add defines 
> to name
> each one, then combine so we know what was set.
> This register has one of two layouts, it seems each control picks a 
> layout. How
> can we know if the read/write bits are combined or separate? It looks 
> like this
> in ERR<n>FR too.
> 
> 
>>>> +#define ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW    0x7F7F00000000ULL
> 
> This looks like a magic value written to a register with an impdef 
> layout.
> 
> [...]
> 
>>>> +static inline void set_errxctlr_el1(void)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_1, %0" : : "r" (ERRXCTLR_ENABLE));
>>>> +}
> 
>>> 
>>> Please use {read,write}_sysreg().
>>> 
>>> If these registers are defined by ARMv8, please place definitions in
>>> arm64's <asm/sysreg.h>.
>>> 
>> Will do.
> 
> Yes please!
> 
> (The s3_0_c5_c4_1 syntax isn't supported by all toolchains, see 
> 72c5839515260dc
> "arm64: gicv3: Allow GICv3 compilation with older binutils")
> 
> You also need to guard these with something like
> cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_RAS_EXTN) so CPUs without the RAS extensions 
> don't try
> to access an unimplemented system register. Testing once during probe 
> is
> probably the best place to do this.
> 
> 
>>>> +
>>>> +struct errors_edac {
>>>> +    const char * const msg;
>>>> +    void (*func)(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_dev,
>>>> +            int inst_nr, int block_nr, const char *msg);
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +static const struct errors_edac errors[] = {
>>>> +    { "L1 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>>>> +    { "L1 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>>>> +    { "L2 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>>>> +    { "L2 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>>>> +    { "L3 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
>>>> +    { "L3 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
>>>> +};
>>>> +
> 
>>>> +#define L1_CE 0
>>>> +#define L1_UE 1
>>>> +#define L2_CE 2
>>>> +#define L2_UE 3
>>>> +#define L3_CE 4
>>>> +#define L3_UE 5
> 
> This are read from ERR<n>MISC, I can't find this in the spec[0], are 
> these
> specific to your implementation?
> 
> 
>>>> +#define DATA_BUF_ERR        0x2
>>>> +#define CACHE_DATA_ERR        0x6
>>>> +#define CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR    0x7
>>>> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA    0x8
>>>> +#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG    0x9
> 
> (Nit: 'TAG' is the example address/control data that has become 
> corrupt. We
> don't know how the cache is designed, 'metadata' may be a better choice 
> of word
> here).
> 
>>>> +#define BUS_ERROR        0x12
> 
> There are 21 of these and only 2 are implementation defined. How come 
> you don't
> define all of them?
> 
> All these get used for is to map to a name, would a table be better?
> (e.g. arch/arm64/mm/fault.c::fault_info)
> 
> 
>>>> +struct erp_drvdata {
>>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl;
>>>> +    struct erp_drvdata __percpu **erp_cpu_drvdata;
>>>> +    struct notifier_block nb_pm;
>>>> +    int ppi;
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +static struct erp_drvdata *panic_handler_drvdata;
>>>> +
>>>> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(armv8_edac_lock);
>>>> +
>>>> +static void l1_l2_irq_enable(void *info)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    int irq = *(int *)info;
>>>> +
>>>> +    enable_percpu_irq(irq, IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH);
>>>> +}
> 
> (Shouldn't the 'percpu' and 'level_high' be information learnt from the 
> DT?)
> 
> 
>>>> +static int request_erp_irq(struct platform_device *pdev, const char 
>>>> *propname,
>>>> +            const char *desc, irq_handler_t handler,
>>>> +            void *ed, int percpu)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    int rc;
>>>> +    struct resource *r;
>>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv = ed;
>>>> +
>>>> +    r = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_IRQ, 
>>>> propname);
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!r) {
>>>> +        pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Could not find <%s> IRQ property. 
>>>> Proceeding
>>>> anyway.\n",
>>>> +            propname);
>>> 
>>> What is "ERP" ?
> 
>> Error Reporting. I may just rename it to EDAC or list it out in 
>> Documentation.
> 
>>>> +        goto out;
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!percpu) {
>>>> +        rc = devm_request_threaded_irq(&pdev->dev, r->start, NULL,
>>>> +                           handler,
>>>> +                           IRQF_ONESHOT | IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH,
>>>> +                           desc,
>>>> +                           ed);
>>>> +
>>>> +        if (rc) {
>>>> +            pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s 
>>>> / %s).
>>>> Proceeding anyway.\n",
>>>> +                   (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
>>>> +            goto out;
>>>> +        }
>>>> +
>>>> +    } else {
>>>> +        drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = alloc_percpu(struct erp_drvdata *);
>>>> +        if (!drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
>>>> +            pr_err("Failed to allocate percpu erp data\n");
>>>> +            goto out;
>>>> +        }
>>>> +
>>>> +        *raw_cpu_ptr(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) = drv;
> 
> raw_cpu_ptr(). You call this from armv8_cpu_erp_probe(), so you're 
> probably
> preemtible. Could you use this_cpu_ptr() and enable 
> CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT.
> 
> (How come you only set this per-cpu cookie on one cpu?)
> 
> 
>>>> +        rc = request_percpu_irq(r->start, handler, desc,
>>>> +                drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>>> +
>>>> +        if (rc) {
>>>> +            pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s 
>>>> / %s).
>>>> Proceeding anyway.\n",
>>>> +                   (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
>>>> +            goto out_free;
>>>> +        }
>>>> +
>>>> +        drv->ppi = r->start;
>>>> +        on_each_cpu(l1_l2_irq_enable, &(r->start), 1);
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    return 0;
>>>> +
>>>> +out_free:
>>>> +    free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>>> +    drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = NULL;
>>>> +out:
>>>> +    return 1;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void dump_err_reg(int errorcode, int level, u64 errxstatus, 
>>>> u64
>>>> errxmisc,
>>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXSTATUS_EL1: %llx\n", 
>>>> errxstatus);
>>>> +    edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXMISC_EL1: %llx\n", 
>>>> errxmisc);
>>>> +    edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Cache level: L%d\n", 
>>>> level+1);
>>>> +    switch (ERRXSTATUS_SERR(errxstatus)) {
>>>> +    case DATA_BUF_ERR:
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from internal 
>>>> data
>>>> buffer\n");
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +
>>>> +    case CACHE_DATA_ERR:
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache data 
>>>> RAM\n");
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +
>>>> +    case CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR:
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache tag 
>>>> or dirty
>>>> RAM\n");
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +
>>>> +    case TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA:
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB DATA 
>>>> RAM\n");
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +
>>>> +    case TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG:
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB TAG 
>>>> RAM\n");
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +
>>>> +    case BUS_ERROR:
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Bus Error\n");
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +    }
> 
>>>> +    if (level == L3)
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>>>> +            "Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc));
>>>> +    else
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>>>> +            "Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc) >> 2);
>>>> +
>>>> +    edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
>>>> +    errors[errorcode].func(edev_ctl, smp_processor_id(),
>>>> +                level, errors[errorcode].msg);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(u64 errxstatus, u64 
>>>> errxmisc,
>>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    switch (ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc)) {
>>>> +    case L1:
>>>> +        if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
>>>> +            dump_err_reg(L1_UE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>>> +                    edev_ctl);
>>>> +        else
>>>> +            dump_err_reg(L1_CE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>>> +                    edev_ctl);
> 
> If the UE bit is clear the error may have been 'corrected or deferred'. 
> I guess
> we assume deferred errors don't happen, so !UE means Corrected-Error.
> 
> 
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +    case L2:
>>>> +        if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
>>>> +            dump_err_reg(L2_UE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>>> +                    edev_ctl);
>>>> +        else
>>>> +            dump_err_reg(L2_CE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>>> +                    edev_ctl);
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +    default:
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Unknown ERRXMISC_LVL 
>>>> value\n");
>>>> +    }
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static bool armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(void *info)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = info;
>>>> +    u64 errxstatus;
>>>> +    u64 errxmisc;
>>>> +    unsigned long flags;
>>>> +
>>>> +    spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> 
>>>> +    write_errselr_el1(0);
> 
> How do we know how many nodes backed by the cpu interface there are?
> How do we know '0' is the one we want?
> 
>>>> +    errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus)) {
>>>> +        errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
>>>> +        edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
>>>> +        "CPU%d detected a L1/L2 cache error\n",
>>>> +        smp_processor_id());
>>>> +
>>>> +        armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(errxstatus, errxmisc, 
>>>> edev_ctl);
>>>> +        clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
>>>> +        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>>> +        return true;
>>>> +    }
>>>> +    spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>>> +    return false;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static bool armv8_check_l3_scu_error(struct edac_device_ctl_info 
>>>> *edev_ctl)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    u64 errxstatus = 0;
>>>> +    u64 errxmisc = 0;
>>>> +    unsigned long flags;
>>>> +
>>>> +    spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
> 
>>>> +    write_errselr_el1(1);
> 
> How do we know '1' is the one we want?
> 
> 
>>>> +    errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
>>>> +    errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus) &&
>>>> +        ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc) == L3) {
>>>> +        if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus)) {
>>>> +            edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 
>>>> uncorrectable
>>>> error\n");
>>>> +            dump_err_reg(L3_UE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>>> +                edev_ctl);
>>>> +        } else {
>>>> +            edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 
>>>> correctable
>>>> error\n");
>>>> +            dump_err_reg(L3_CE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
>>>> +                edev_ctl);
> 
> What about deferred errors?
> 
> 
>>>> +        }
>>>> +
>>>> +        clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
>>>> +        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>>> +        return true;
>>>> +    }
>>>> +    spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
>>>> +    return false;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper(void *info)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(info);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +void armv8_poll_cache_errors(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    int cpu;
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!edev_ctl)
>>>> +        edev_ctl = panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl;
>>>> +
>>>> +    armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl);
>>>> +    for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
>>>> +        smp_call_function_single(cpu, armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper,
>>>> +            edev_ctl, 0);
> 
> on_each_cpu()?
> 
>>>> +    }
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l1_l2_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    if (armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl))
>>>> +        return IRQ_HANDLED;
>>>> +    return IRQ_NONE;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static irqreturn_t armv8_l3_scu_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv = drvdata;
>>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl))
>>>> +        return IRQ_HANDLED;
>>>> +    return IRQ_NONE;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void initialize_registers(void *info)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    set_errxctlr_el1();
>>>> +    set_errxmisc_overflow();
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void init_regs_on_cpu(bool all_cpus)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    int cpu;
>>>> +
>>>> +    write_errselr_el1(0);
> 
> This only happens on the local CPU, the other end of your
> smp_call_function_single() may have junk in this register.
> 
> 
>>>> +    if (all_cpus) {
>>>> +        for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
>>>> +            smp_call_function_single(cpu, initialize_registers,
>>>> +                        NULL, 1);
> 
> on_each_cpu()?
> 
> 
>>>> +    } else {
>>>> +        initialize_registers(NULL);
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    write_errselr_el1(1);
>>>> +    initialize_registers(NULL);
> 
> You seem to magically-know that this 'record 1' is shared between all 
> CPUs and
> visible via the cpu interface.
> 
Yes this portion (and coming to the realization that a lot of other 
parts) of the
code is specific to our topology. Is there any way to detect this? 
ERRIDR reports
how many records there are but not what each record is for. Without this 
information,
not sure how there could be a generic interrupt based driver.

> 
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static int armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
>>>> +                unsigned long action, void *v)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    switch (action) {
>>>> +    case CPU_PM_EXIT:
>>>> +        init_regs_on_cpu(false);
>>>> +        armv8_check_l3_scu_error(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
>>>> +        armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
>>>> +        break;
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    return NOTIFY_OK;
>>>> +}
>>> 
>>> What about CPU hotplug?
>>> 
>> Agreed that CPU hotplug will be required for the small window between
>> hotplugging back in and LPM exit.
>> 
>>>> +
>>>> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
>>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv;
>>>> +    int rc = 0;
>>>> +    int fail = 0;
>>>> +
>>>> +    init_regs_on_cpu(true);
>>>> +
>>>> +    drv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*drv), GFP_KERNEL);
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!drv)
>>>> +        return -ENOMEM;
>>>> +
>>>> +    drv->edev_ctl = edac_device_alloc_ctl_info(0, "cpu",
>>>> +                    num_possible_cpus(), "L", 3, 1, NULL, 0,
>>>> +                    edac_device_alloc_index());
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!drv->edev_ctl)
>>>> +        return -ENOMEM;
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
>>>> +        drv->edev_ctl->edac_check = armv8_poll_cache_errors;
>>>> +        drv->edev_ctl->poll_msec = poll_msec;
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->dev = dev;
>>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->mod_name = dev_name(dev);
>>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->dev_name = dev_name(dev);
> 
>>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->ctl_name = "cache";
> 
> How do we know records '0' and '1' are 'cache'?
> 
> 
>>>> +    drv->edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
>>>> +    drv->nb_pm.notifier_call = armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify;
>>>> +    platform_set_drvdata(pdev, drv);
>>>> +
>>>> +    rc = edac_device_add_device(drv->edev_ctl);
>>>> +    if (rc)
>>>> +        goto out_mem;
>>>> +
>>>> +    panic_handler_drvdata = drv;
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
>>>> +        fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l1-l2-irq",
>>>> +                "l1_l2_irq",
>>>> +                armv8_l1_l2_handler, drv, 1);
>>>> +
>>>> +        fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l3-scu-irq",
>>>> +                "l3_scu_irq",
>>>> +                armv8_l3_scu_handler, drv, 0);
> 
> How do we know 'l1/l2' is per-cpu and l2 isn't? I'd expect this 
> information to
> come from the DT.
> 
> 
>>> SCU isn't an architectural concept, and a combined l1-l2 interrupt
>>> sounds very specific to a particular implementation.
> 
>> Can do a rename to something more akin to "private_cache_irq" and
>> "shared_cache_irq".
> 
>>> My understanding was that with the RAS extensions, SError would be 
>>> used
>>> to notify on RAS conditions, so I'm confused as to why we'd need
>>> regular interrupts here.
> 
>> There may be cases where interrupts are preferred. To my knowledge 
>> (though I may
>> mistaken), SErrors would not catch correctable errors?
> 
> With the v8.2 RAS Extensions both synchronous and asynchronous 
> external-aborts
> have a severity in the ESR which tells us
> corrected/restartable/recoverable/uncontainable.
> 
> Error nodes may signal an 'error recovery interrupt' or 'fatal handling
> interrupt' when the in-band external-abort mechanisms can't be used. 
> (Sections
> 3.3 to 3.5 of [0]).
> 
> 
>>>> +        if (fail == of_irq_count(dev->of_node)) {
>>>> +            pr_err("ERP: Could not request any IRQs. Giving 
>>>> up.\n");
>>>> +            rc = -ENODEV;
>>>> +            goto out_dev;
>>>> +        }
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    cpu_pm_register_notifier(&(drv->nb_pm));
>>>> +
>>>> +    return 0;
>>>> +
>>>> +out_dev:
>>>> +    edac_device_del_device(dev);
>>>> +out_mem:
>>>> +    edac_device_free_ctl_info(drv->edev_ctl);
>>>> +    return rc;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static int armv8_cpu_erp_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    struct erp_drvdata *drv = dev_get_drvdata(&pdev->dev);
>>>> +    struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
>>>> +        free_percpu_irq(drv->ppi, drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>>> +        free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    edac_device_del_device(edac_ctl->dev);
>>>> +    edac_device_free_ctl_info(edac_ctl);
>>>> +
>>>> +    return 0;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static const struct of_device_id armv8_cpu_erp_match_table[] = {
>>>> +    { .compatible = "arm,armv8-cpu-erp" },
>>>> +    { }
>>>> +};
>>> 
>>> This needs a binding document, laying out precisely what this is
>>> intended to describe.
> 
> 
> Thanks,
> 
> James
> 
I should probably amend a previous statement about this all being 
defined in RAS. Didn't realize this initially
but as you have mentioned, even though the registers are architected, 
the decoding/bits within the registers are
implementation defined. So within the driver, some of the "magically 
known" values are because as it is right now,
the decodings and some behavior is specific to our implementation.

To more generalize this, would it be better to (after checking the 
IDR/FR registers) to instead just dump out the
ERRXSTATUS/ERRXMISC directly, and then have registered callbacks to 
actually properly decode the values into
something more readable?

Thanks,
Kyle
James Morse Jan. 19, 2018, 3:16 p.m. UTC | #6
Hi Kyle,

On 18/01/18 01:19, Kyle Yan wrote:
> On 2018-01-16 05:11, James Morse wrote:
>> On 16/01/18 01:00, Kyle Yan wrote:
>>> On 2018-01-15 06:44, Mark Rutland wrote:
>>>> On Fri, Jan 12, 2018 at 04:50:26PM -0800, Kyle Yan wrote:
>>>>> Interrupt based EDAC driver for ARMv8 processors that implement
>>>>> RAS for error detection of CPU caches and lso allows optional polling
>>>>> of error syndrome registers if interrupts are not supported.
>>>>
>>>> Is this using the architectural RAS extensions, or something specific to
>>>> QC CPUs? It would be good to call this out explicitly.
>>>>
>>>> If it's the latter, this needs rewording to be clear that this is
>>>> specific to QC CPUs, and is not a generic ARMv8 feature.
>>
>>> This is not specific to QC CPUs and looks at the system registers defined by the
>>> RAS extensions.

[...]

>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
>>>>> new file mode 100644

>>>>> +static void init_regs_on_cpu(bool all_cpus)

[...]

>>>>> +    write_errselr_el1(1);
>>>>> +    initialize_registers(NULL);
>>
>> You seem to magically-know that this 'record 1' is shared between all CPUs and
>> visible via the cpu interface.
>>
> Yes this portion (and coming to the realization that a lot of other parts) of the
> code is specific to our topology. Is there any way to detect this?

No, we are going to need DT/ACPI data to tell us the topology.

To know if a record is shared or CPU-private, we have the ERRDEVAFF 'Device
Affinity Register', but this is only accessible via the memory-map, which also
groups records by node/device. DT/ACPI will have to tell us where the entries in
the memory-map are.

Pairing up memory-map node/devices with indexes in the cpu interface registers
is something I'm currently trying to get my head around.


> ERRIDR reports
> how many records there are but not what each record is for. Without this
> information,
> not sure how there could be a generic interrupt based driver.

Which interrupts a node/device generates (and how) is another piece of per
node/device data we need.

Do we need to know what sort of node/device the records are for in advance?

We will probably need some infrastructure to parse the DT/ACPI tables and enable
and register the appropriate interrupts. I would like any kernel-first
external-abort RAS code to have a list of the nodes that generate 'in band'
notifications, so we don't have to walk them all. If we can know the
cpu-affinity, we can make the list shorter and per-cpu.

Once we have that infrastructure, a driver can register to handle the
architected cache errors. We don't need to know what sort of records a
node/device generates until one shows up. (I assume caches can also generate
timeouts and bus errors).

I think you need to know the record types in advance because you are polling
those records. I can't see a way of determining which node/devices are caches,
so if we need this information, it will have to come from ACPI/DT.


[ ...]

> I should probably amend a previous statement about this all being defined in
> RAS. Didn't realize this initially
> but as you have mentioned, even though the registers are architected, the
> decoding/bits within the registers are
> implementation defined.
> So within the driver, some of the "magically known"
> values are because as it is right now,
> the decodings and some behavior is specific to our implementation.

(as is the toplogy), this is why its preferable to have this in firmware, and
use something like APEI.

Your level and way parameters aren't architected, does the edac driver do
anything other than print these out?

I don't see how software can avoid using way-6 in L1, all it can do is watch the
(architected) error counter and decide 'too much!' at some threshold. Future
smarts could let us offline the affected CPUs, for which we would need to know
the affinity of the device/node that generates these records. (which we have,
from the memory map).


> To more generalize this, would it be better to (after checking the IDR/FR
> registers) to instead just dump out the
> ERRXSTATUS/ERRXMISC directly, and then have registered callbacks to actually
> properly decode the values into something more readable?

I'm not convinced we need the impdef values, we can't do anything with the
information.
If we have some infrastructure for the users of these RAS ERR-registers/nodes
and drivers can register to monitor classes of error, then we've kept the door
open for SoC-specific compatibles for drivers to poke around in the impdef parts
of the registers if it turns out to be necessary.

This infrastructure would also lets us poke the edac driver for cache-errors for
in-band signalled errors.


Thanks,

James

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/drivers/edac/Kconfig b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
index 96afb2a..47a68e3 100644
--- a/drivers/edac/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/edac/Kconfig
@@ -457,4 +457,25 @@  config EDAC_XGENE
 	  Support for error detection and correction on the
 	  APM X-Gene family of SOCs.
 
+config EDAC_ARMV8
+	depends on (ARM || ARM64)
+	tristate "ARMv8 L1/L2/L3/SCU Caches ECC"
+	help
+	   Support for error detection and correction on ARMv8 cores
+	   supporting RAS features. Reports errors caught by ARMv8
+	   ECC mechanism.
+	   For debugging issues having to do with stability and overall system
+	   health, you should probably say 'Y' here.
+
+config EDAC_ARMV8_POLL
+	depends on EDAC_ARMV8
+	bool "Poll on ARMv8 ECC registers"
+	help
+	   This option chooses whether or not you want to poll on the Kryo3xx
+	   ECC registers. When this is enabled, the polling rate can be set as
+	   a module parameter. By default, it will call the polling function
+	   every second.
+	   This option should only be used if the associated interrupt lines
+	   are not enabled.
+
 endif # EDAC
diff --git a/drivers/edac/Makefile b/drivers/edac/Makefile
index 0fd9ffa..57113ba 100644
--- a/drivers/edac/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/edac/Makefile
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_IE31200)		+= ie31200_edac.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_X38)			+= x38_edac.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_I82860)		+= i82860_edac.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_R82600)		+= r82600_edac.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8)		+= armv8_edac.o
 
 amd64_edac_mod-y := amd64_edac.o
 amd64_edac_mod-$(CONFIG_EDAC_DEBUG) += amd64_edac_dbg.o
diff --git a/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d986c47
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/edac/armv8_edac.c
@@ -0,0 +1,489 @@ 
+/* Copyright (c) 2016-2018, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
+ * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/edac.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/cpu_pm.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+
+#include "edac_mc.h"
+#include "edac_device.h"
+
+static int poll_msec = 1000;
+module_param(poll_msec, int, 0444);
+
+static bool panic_on_ue = 0;
+module_param_named(panic_on_ue, panic_on_ue, bool, 0664);
+
+#define L1 0x0
+#define L2 0x1
+#define L3 0x2
+
+#define EDAC_CPU	"armv8_edac"
+
+#define ERRXSTATUS_VALID(a)	((a >> 30) & 0x1)
+#define ERRXSTATUS_UE(a)	((a >> 29) & 0x1)
+#define ERRXSTATUS_SERR(a)	(a & 0xFF)
+
+#define ERRXMISC_LVL(a)		((a >> 1) & 0x7)
+#define ERRXMISC_WAY(a)		((a >> 28) & 0xF)
+
+#define ERRXCTLR_ENABLE		0x10f
+#define ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW	0x7F7F00000000ULL
+
+static inline void set_errxctlr_el1(void)
+{
+	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_1, %0" : : "r" (ERRXCTLR_ENABLE));
+}
+
+static inline void set_errxmisc_overflow(void)
+{
+	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c5_0, %0" : : "r" (ERRXMISC_OVERFLOW));
+}
+
+static inline void write_errselr_el1(u64 val)
+{
+	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c3_1, %0" : : "r" (val));
+}
+
+static inline u64 read_errxstatus_el1(void)
+{
+	u64 val;
+
+	asm volatile("mrs %0, s3_0_c5_c4_2" : "=r" (val));
+	return val;
+}
+
+static inline u64 read_errxmisc_el1(void)
+{
+	u64 val;
+
+	asm volatile("mrs %0, s3_0_c5_c5_0" : "=r" (val));
+	return val;
+}
+
+static inline void clear_errxstatus_valid(u64 val)
+{
+	asm volatile("msr s3_0_c5_c4_2, %0" : : "r" (val));
+}
+
+struct errors_edac {
+	const char * const msg;
+	void (*func)(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_dev,
+			int inst_nr, int block_nr, const char *msg);
+};
+
+static const struct errors_edac errors[] = {
+	{ "L1 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
+	{ "L1 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
+	{ "L2 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
+	{ "L2 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
+	{ "L3 Correctable Error", edac_device_handle_ce },
+	{ "L3 Uncorrectable Error", edac_device_handle_ue },
+};
+
+#define L1_CE 0
+#define L1_UE 1
+#define L2_CE 2
+#define L2_UE 3
+#define L3_CE 4
+#define L3_UE 5
+
+#define DATA_BUF_ERR		0x2
+#define CACHE_DATA_ERR		0x6
+#define CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR	0x7
+#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA	0x8
+#define TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG	0x9
+#define BUS_ERROR		0x12
+
+struct erp_drvdata {
+	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl;
+	struct erp_drvdata __percpu **erp_cpu_drvdata;
+	struct notifier_block nb_pm;
+	int ppi;
+};
+
+static struct erp_drvdata *panic_handler_drvdata;
+
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(armv8_edac_lock);
+
+static void l1_l2_irq_enable(void *info)
+{
+	int irq = *(int *)info;
+
+	enable_percpu_irq(irq, IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH);
+}
+
+static int request_erp_irq(struct platform_device *pdev, const char *propname,
+			const char *desc, irq_handler_t handler,
+			void *ed, int percpu)
+{
+	int rc;
+	struct resource *r;
+	struct erp_drvdata *drv = ed;
+
+	r = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_IRQ, propname);
+
+	if (!r) {
+		pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Could not find <%s> IRQ property. Proceeding anyway.\n",
+			propname);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	if (!percpu) {
+		rc = devm_request_threaded_irq(&pdev->dev, r->start, NULL,
+					       handler,
+					       IRQF_ONESHOT | IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH,
+					       desc,
+					       ed);
+
+		if (rc) {
+			pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s). Proceeding anyway.\n",
+			       (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
+			goto out;
+		}
+
+	} else {
+		drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = alloc_percpu(struct erp_drvdata *);
+		if (!drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
+			pr_err("Failed to allocate percpu erp data\n");
+			goto out;
+		}
+
+		*raw_cpu_ptr(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) = drv;
+		rc = request_percpu_irq(r->start, handler, desc,
+				drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
+
+		if (rc) {
+			pr_err("ARMv8 CPU ERP: Failed to request IRQ %d: %d (%s / %s). Proceeding anyway.\n",
+			       (int) r->start, rc, propname, desc);
+			goto out_free;
+		}
+
+		drv->ppi = r->start;
+		on_each_cpu(l1_l2_irq_enable, &(r->start), 1);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+out_free:
+	free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
+	drv->erp_cpu_drvdata = NULL;
+out:
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static void dump_err_reg(int errorcode, int level, u64 errxstatus, u64 errxmisc,
+	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
+{
+	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXSTATUS_EL1: %llx\n", errxstatus);
+	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ERRXMISC_EL1: %llx\n", errxmisc);
+	edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Cache level: L%d\n", level+1);
+
+	switch (ERRXSTATUS_SERR(errxstatus)) {
+	case DATA_BUF_ERR:
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from internal data buffer\n");
+		break;
+
+	case CACHE_DATA_ERR:
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache data RAM\n");
+		break;
+
+	case CACHE_TAG_DIRTY_ERR:
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "ECC Error from cache tag or dirty RAM\n");
+		break;
+
+	case TLB_PARITY_ERR_DATA:
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB DATA RAM\n");
+		break;
+
+	case TLB_PARITY_ERR_TAG:
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Parity error on TLB TAG RAM\n");
+		break;
+
+	case BUS_ERROR:
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Bus Error\n");
+		break;
+	}
+
+	if (level == L3)
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
+			"Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc));
+	else
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
+			"Way: %d\n", (int) ERRXMISC_WAY(errxmisc) >> 2);
+
+	edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
+	errors[errorcode].func(edev_ctl, smp_processor_id(),
+				level, errors[errorcode].msg);
+}
+
+static void armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(u64 errxstatus, u64 errxmisc,
+	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
+{
+	switch (ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc)) {
+	case L1:
+		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
+			dump_err_reg(L1_UE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
+					edev_ctl);
+		else
+			dump_err_reg(L1_CE, L1, errxstatus, errxmisc,
+					edev_ctl);
+		break;
+	case L2:
+		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus))
+			dump_err_reg(L2_UE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
+					edev_ctl);
+		else
+			dump_err_reg(L2_CE, L2, errxstatus, errxmisc,
+					edev_ctl);
+		break;
+	default:
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Unknown ERRXMISC_LVL value\n");
+	}
+}
+
+static bool armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(void *info)
+{
+	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = info;
+	u64 errxstatus;
+	u64 errxmisc;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
+	write_errselr_el1(0);
+	errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
+
+	if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus)) {
+		errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
+		edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU,
+		"CPU%d detected a L1/L2 cache error\n",
+		smp_processor_id());
+
+		armv8_parse_l1_l2_cache_error(errxstatus, errxmisc, edev_ctl);
+		clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
+		return true;
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
+	return false;
+}
+
+static bool armv8_check_l3_scu_error(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
+{
+	u64 errxstatus = 0;
+	u64 errxmisc = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
+	write_errselr_el1(1);
+	errxstatus = read_errxstatus_el1();
+	errxmisc = read_errxmisc_el1();
+
+	if (ERRXSTATUS_VALID(errxstatus) &&
+		ERRXMISC_LVL(errxmisc) == L3) {
+		if (ERRXSTATUS_UE(errxstatus)) {
+			edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 uncorrectable error\n");
+			dump_err_reg(L3_UE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
+				edev_ctl);
+		} else {
+			edac_printk(KERN_CRIT, EDAC_CPU, "Detected L3 correctable error\n");
+			dump_err_reg(L3_CE, L3, errxstatus, errxmisc,
+				edev_ctl);
+		}
+
+		clear_errxstatus_valid(errxstatus);
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
+		return true;
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&armv8_edac_lock, flags);
+	return false;
+}
+
+static void armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper(void *info)
+{
+	armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(info);
+}
+
+void armv8_poll_cache_errors(struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl)
+{
+	int cpu;
+
+	if (!edev_ctl)
+		edev_ctl = panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl;
+
+	armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl);
+	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+		smp_call_function_single(cpu, armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc_helper,
+			edev_ctl, 0);
+	}
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t armv8_l1_l2_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
+{
+	if (armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl))
+		return IRQ_HANDLED;
+	return IRQ_NONE;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t armv8_l3_scu_handler(int irq, void *drvdata)
+{
+	struct erp_drvdata *drv = drvdata;
+	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edev_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
+
+	if (armv8_check_l3_scu_error(edev_ctl))
+		return IRQ_HANDLED;
+	return IRQ_NONE;
+}
+
+static void initialize_registers(void *info)
+{
+	set_errxctlr_el1();
+	set_errxmisc_overflow();
+}
+
+static void init_regs_on_cpu(bool all_cpus)
+{
+	int cpu;
+
+	write_errselr_el1(0);
+	if (all_cpus) {
+		for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
+			smp_call_function_single(cpu, initialize_registers,
+						NULL, 1);
+	} else {
+		initialize_registers(NULL);
+	}
+
+	write_errselr_el1(1);
+	initialize_registers(NULL);
+}
+
+static int armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+				unsigned long action, void *v)
+{
+	switch (action) {
+	case CPU_PM_EXIT:
+		init_regs_on_cpu(false);
+		armv8_check_l3_scu_error(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
+		armv8_check_l1_l2_ecc(panic_handler_drvdata->edev_ctl);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static int armv8_cpu_erp_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
+	struct erp_drvdata *drv;
+	int rc = 0;
+	int fail = 0;
+
+	init_regs_on_cpu(true);
+
+	drv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*drv), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+	if (!drv)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	drv->edev_ctl = edac_device_alloc_ctl_info(0, "cpu",
+					num_possible_cpus(), "L", 3, 1, NULL, 0,
+					edac_device_alloc_index());
+
+	if (!drv->edev_ctl)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
+		drv->edev_ctl->edac_check = armv8_poll_cache_errors;
+		drv->edev_ctl->poll_msec = poll_msec;
+	}
+
+	drv->edev_ctl->dev = dev;
+	drv->edev_ctl->mod_name = dev_name(dev);
+	drv->edev_ctl->dev_name = dev_name(dev);
+	drv->edev_ctl->ctl_name = "cache";
+	drv->edev_ctl->panic_on_ue = panic_on_ue;
+	drv->nb_pm.notifier_call = armv8_pmu_cpu_pm_notify;
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, drv);
+
+	rc = edac_device_add_device(drv->edev_ctl);
+	if (rc)
+		goto out_mem;
+
+	panic_handler_drvdata = drv;
+
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EDAC_ARMV8_POLL)) {
+		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l1-l2-irq",
+				"l1_l2_irq",
+				armv8_l1_l2_handler, drv, 1);
+
+		fail += request_erp_irq(pdev, "l3-scu-irq",
+				"l3_scu_irq",
+				armv8_l3_scu_handler, drv, 0);
+
+		if (fail == of_irq_count(dev->of_node)) {
+			pr_err("ERP: Could not request any IRQs. Giving up.\n");
+			rc = -ENODEV;
+			goto out_dev;
+		}
+	}
+
+	cpu_pm_register_notifier(&(drv->nb_pm));
+
+	return 0;
+
+out_dev:
+	edac_device_del_device(dev);
+out_mem:
+	edac_device_free_ctl_info(drv->edev_ctl);
+	return rc;
+}
+
+static int armv8_cpu_erp_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct erp_drvdata *drv = dev_get_drvdata(&pdev->dev);
+	struct edac_device_ctl_info *edac_ctl = drv->edev_ctl;
+
+	if (drv->erp_cpu_drvdata) {
+		free_percpu_irq(drv->ppi, drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
+		free_percpu(drv->erp_cpu_drvdata);
+	}
+
+	edac_device_del_device(edac_ctl->dev);
+	edac_device_free_ctl_info(edac_ctl);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id armv8_cpu_erp_match_table[] = {
+	{ .compatible = "arm,armv8-cpu-erp" },
+	{ }
+};
+
+static struct platform_driver armv8_cpu_erp_driver = {
+	.probe = armv8_cpu_erp_probe,
+	.remove = armv8_cpu_erp_remove,
+	.driver = {
+		.name = "armv8_cpu_cache_erp",
+		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(armv8_cpu_erp_match_table),
+	},
+};
+module_platform_driver(armv8_cpu_erp_driver);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ARMv8 EDAC driver");