[v6,18/99] xarray: Add ability to store errno values
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Message ID 20180117202203.19756-19-willy@infradead.org
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Matthew Wilcox Jan. 17, 2018, 8:20 p.m. UTC
From: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>

While the radix tree offers no ability to store IS_ERR pointers,
documenting that the XArray does not led to some concern.  Here is a
sanctioned way to store errnos in the XArray.  I'm concerned that it
will confuse people who can't tell the difference between xa_is_err()
and xa_is_errno(), so I've added copious kernel-doc to help them tell
the difference.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
---
 Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst      |  8 +++++--
 include/linux/xarray.h                 | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/testing/radix-tree/xarray-test.c |  8 ++++++-
 3 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

Patch
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diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst b/Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst
index 914999c0bf3f..0172c7d9e6ea 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst
@@ -42,8 +42,12 @@  When you retrieve an entry from the XArray, you can check whether it is
 a value entry by calling :c:func:`xa_is_value`, and convert it back to
 an integer by calling :c:func:`xa_to_value`.
 
-The XArray does not support storing :c:func:`IS_ERR` pointers as some
-conflict with value entries or internal entries.
+The XArray does not support storing :c:func:`IS_ERR` pointers because
+some conflict with value entries or internal entries.  If you need
+to store error numbers in the array, you can encode them into error
+entries with :c:func:`xa_mk_errno`, check whether a returned entry is
+an error with :c:func:`xa_is_errno` and convert it back into an errno
+with :c:func:`xa_to_errno`.
 
 An unusual feature of the XArray is the ability to create entries which
 occupy a range of indices.  Once stored to, looking up any index in
diff --git a/include/linux/xarray.h b/include/linux/xarray.h
index acb6d02ff194..ca6af6dd42c4 100644
--- a/include/linux/xarray.h
+++ b/include/linux/xarray.h
@@ -75,6 +75,50 @@  static inline bool xa_is_value(const void *entry)
 	return (unsigned long)entry & 1;
 }
 
+/**
+ * xa_mk_errno() - Create an XArray entry from an error number.
+ * @error: Error number to store in XArray.
+ *
+ * Return: An entry suitable for storing in the XArray.
+ */
+static inline void *xa_mk_errno(long error)
+{
+	return (void *)(error << 2);
+}
+
+/**
+ * xa_to_errno() - Get error number stored in an XArray entry.
+ * @entry: XArray entry.
+ *
+ * Calling this function on an entry which is not an xa_is_errno() will
+ * yield unpredictable results.  Do not confuse this function with xa_err();
+ * this function is for errnos which have been stored in the XArray, and
+ * that function is for errors returned from the XArray implementation.
+ *
+ * Return: The error number stored in the XArray entry.
+ */
+static inline long xa_to_errno(const void *entry)
+{
+	return (long)entry >> 2;
+}
+
+/**
+ * xa_is_errno() - Determine if an entry is an errno.
+ * @entry: XArray entry.
+ *
+ * Do not confuse this function with xa_is_err(); that function tells you
+ * whether the XArray implementation returned an error; this function
+ * tells you whether the entry you successfully stored in the XArray
+ * represented an errno.  If you have never stored an errno in the XArray,
+ * you do not have to check this.
+ *
+ * Return: True if the entry is an errno, false if it is a pointer.
+ */
+static inline bool xa_is_errno(const void *entry)
+{
+	return (((unsigned long)entry & 3) == 0) && (entry > (void *)-4096);
+}
+
 /*
  * xa_mk_internal() - Create an internal entry.
  * @v: Value to turn into an internal entry.
diff --git a/tools/testing/radix-tree/xarray-test.c b/tools/testing/radix-tree/xarray-test.c
index 2ad460c1febf..4d3541ac31e9 100644
--- a/tools/testing/radix-tree/xarray-test.c
+++ b/tools/testing/radix-tree/xarray-test.c
@@ -29,7 +29,13 @@  void check_xa_err(struct xarray *xa)
 	assert(xa_err(xa_store(xa, 1, xa_mk_value(0), GFP_KERNEL)) == 0);
 	assert(xa_err(xa_store(xa, 1, NULL, 0)) == 0);
 // kills the test-suite :-(
-//     assert(xa_err(xa_store(xa, 0, xa_mk_internal(0), 0)) == -EINVAL);
+//	assert(xa_err(xa_store(xa, 0, xa_mk_internal(0), 0)) == -EINVAL);
+
+	assert(xa_err(xa_store(xa, 0, xa_mk_errno(-ENOMEM), GFP_KERNEL)) == 0);
+	assert(xa_err(xa_load(xa, 0)) == 0);
+	assert(xa_is_errno(xa_load(xa, 0)) == true);
+	assert(xa_to_errno(xa_load(xa, 0)) == -ENOMEM);
+	xa_erase(xa, 0);
 }
 
 void check_xa_tag(struct xarray *xa)