[v12,3/6] gcc-plugins: Add STACKLEAK plugin for tracking the kernel stack
diff mbox

Message ID 1526488097-20611-4-git-send-email-alex.popov@linux.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Alexander Popov May 16, 2018, 4:28 p.m. UTC
The STACKLEAK feature erases the kernel stack before returning from
syscalls. That reduces the information which kernel stack leak bugs can
reveal and blocks some uninitialized stack variable attacks. Moreover,
STACKLEAK blocks kernel stack depth overflow caused by alloca (aka
Stack Clash attack).

This commit introduces the STACKLEAK gcc plugin. It is needed for:
 - tracking the lowest border of the kernel stack, which is important
    for the code erasing the used part of the kernel stack at the end
    of syscalls (comes in a separate commit);
 - checking that alloca calls don't cause stack overflow.

So this plugin instruments the kernel code inserting:
 - the check_alloca() call before alloca and the track_stack() call
    after it;
 - the track_stack() call for the functions with a stack frame size
    greater than or equal to CONFIG_STACKLEAK_TRACK_MIN_SIZE.

The STACKLEAK feature is ported from grsecurity/PaX. More information at:
  https://grsecurity.net/
  https://pax.grsecurity.net/

This code is modified from Brad Spengler/PaX Team's code in the last
public patch of grsecurity/PaX based on our understanding of the code.
Changes or omissions from the original code are ours and don't reflect
the original grsecurity/PaX code.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Popov <alex.popov@linux.com>
---
 arch/Kconfig                           |  14 +
 arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c            |  31 +++
 kernel/stackleak.c                     |  30 +++
 scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins           |   3 +
 scripts/gcc-plugins/stackleak_plugin.c | 474 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 552 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 scripts/gcc-plugins/stackleak_plugin.c

Patch
diff mbox

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index a4d7794..e9d3841 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -542,6 +542,8 @@  config GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
 	bool "Erase the kernel stack before returning from syscalls"
 	depends on GCC_PLUGINS
 	depends on HAVE_ARCH_STACKLEAK
+	imply VMAP_STACK
+	imply SCHED_STACK_END_CHECK
 	help
 	  This option makes the kernel erase the kernel stack before
 	  returning from system calls. That reduces the information which
@@ -558,6 +560,18 @@  config GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
 	   * https://grsecurity.net/
 	   * https://pax.grsecurity.net/
 
+config STACKLEAK_TRACK_MIN_SIZE
+	int "Minimum stack frame size of functions tracked by STACKLEAK"
+	default 100
+	range 0 4096
+	depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
+	help
+	  The STACKLEAK gcc plugin instruments the kernel code for tracking
+	  the lowest border of the kernel stack (and for some other purposes).
+	  It inserts the track_stack() call for the functions with a stack
+	  frame size greater than or equal to this parameter.
+	  If unsure, leave the default value 100.
+
 config HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
 	bool
 	help
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
index 18fa9d7..83a5a90 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
@@ -422,3 +422,34 @@  void show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
 	}
 	pr_cont("\n");
 }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
+void __used check_alloca(unsigned long size)
+{
+	unsigned long sp = (unsigned long)&sp;
+	struct stack_info stack_info = {0};
+	unsigned long visit_mask = 0;
+	unsigned long stack_left;
+
+	BUG_ON(get_stack_info(&sp, current, &stack_info, &visit_mask));
+
+	stack_left = sp - (unsigned long)stack_info.begin;
+
+	if (size >= stack_left) {
+		/*
+		 * Kernel stack depth overflow is detected, let's report that.
+		 * If CONFIG_VMAP_STACK is enabled, we can safely use BUG().
+		 * If CONFIG_VMAP_STACK is disabled, BUG() handling can corrupt
+		 * the neighbour memory. CONFIG_SCHED_STACK_END_CHECK calls
+		 * panic() in a similar situation, so let's do the same if that
+		 * option is on. Otherwise just use BUG() and hope for the best.
+		 */
+#if !defined(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK) && defined(CONFIG_SCHED_STACK_END_CHECK)
+		panic("alloca over the kernel stack boundary\n");
+#else
+		BUG();
+#endif
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(check_alloca);
+#endif
diff --git a/kernel/stackleak.c b/kernel/stackleak.c
index 2ebfbaa..27565db 100644
--- a/kernel/stackleak.c
+++ b/kernel/stackleak.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/bug.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/stackleak.h>
+#include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
 #include <asm/linkage.h>
 
 asmlinkage void erase_kstack(void)
@@ -70,3 +71,32 @@  asmlinkage void erase_kstack(void)
 	current->thread.lowest_stack.val = current_top_of_stack() - 256;
 }
 
+void __used track_stack(void)
+{
+	/*
+	 * N.B. erase_kstack() fills the kernel stack with the poison value,
+	 * which has the register width. That code assumes that the value of
+	 * thread.lowest_stack is aligned on the register width boundary.
+	 *
+	 * That is true for x86 and x86_64 because of the kernel stack
+	 * alignment on these platforms (for details, see cc_stack_align in
+	 * arch/x86/Makefile). Take care of that when you port STACKLEAK to
+	 * new platforms.
+	 */
+	unsigned long sp = (unsigned long)&sp;
+
+	/*
+	 * Having CONFIG_STACKLEAK_TRACK_MIN_SIZE larger than
+	 * STACKLEAK_POISON_CHECK_DEPTH makes the poison search in
+	 * erase_kstack() unreliable. Let's prevent that.
+	 */
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(CONFIG_STACKLEAK_TRACK_MIN_SIZE >
+						STACKLEAK_POISON_CHECK_DEPTH);
+
+	if (sp < current->thread.lowest_stack.val &&
+	    sp >= (unsigned long)task_stack_page(current) +
+					sizeof(unsigned long)) {
+		current->thread.lowest_stack.val = sp;
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(track_stack);
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins b/scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins
index b2a95af..8d6070f 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins
@@ -35,6 +35,9 @@  ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGINS
   gcc-plugin-cflags-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT)	+= -DRANDSTRUCT_PLUGIN
   gcc-plugin-cflags-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT_PERFORMANCE)	+= -fplugin-arg-randomize_layout_plugin-performance-mode
 
+  gcc-plugin-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK)	+= stackleak_plugin.so
+  gcc-plugin-cflags-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK)	+= -DSTACKLEAK_PLUGIN -fplugin-arg-stackleak_plugin-track-min-size=$(CONFIG_STACKLEAK_TRACK_MIN_SIZE)
+
   GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS := $(strip $(addprefix -fplugin=$(objtree)/scripts/gcc-plugins/, $(gcc-plugin-y)) $(gcc-plugin-cflags-y))
 
   export PLUGINCC GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS GCC_PLUGIN GCC_PLUGIN_SUBDIR
diff --git a/scripts/gcc-plugins/stackleak_plugin.c b/scripts/gcc-plugins/stackleak_plugin.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9df3302
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/gcc-plugins/stackleak_plugin.c
@@ -0,0 +1,474 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright 2011-2017 by the PaX Team <pageexec@freemail.hu>
+ * Modified by Alexander Popov <alex.popov@linux.com>
+ * Licensed under the GPL v2
+ *
+ * Note: the choice of the license means that the compilation process is
+ * NOT 'eligible' as defined by gcc's library exception to the GPL v3,
+ * but for the kernel it doesn't matter since it doesn't link against
+ * any of the gcc libraries
+ *
+ * This gcc plugin is needed for tracking the lowest border of the kernel stack
+ * and checking that alloca calls don't cause stack overflow. It instruments
+ * the kernel code inserting:
+ *  - the check_alloca() call before alloca and the track_stack() call after it;
+ *  - the track_stack() call for the functions with a stack frame size greater
+ *     than or equal to the "track-min-size" plugin parameter.
+ *
+ * This plugin is ported from grsecurity/PaX. For more information see:
+ *   https://grsecurity.net/
+ *   https://pax.grsecurity.net/
+ *
+ * Debugging:
+ *  - use fprintf() to stderr, debug_generic_expr(), debug_gimple_stmt(),
+ *     print_rtl() and print_simple_rtl();
+ *  - add "-fdump-tree-all -fdump-rtl-all" to the plugin CFLAGS in
+ *     Makefile.gcc-plugins to see the verbose dumps of the gcc passes;
+ *  - use gcc -E to understand the preprocessing shenanigans;
+ *  - use gcc with enabled CFG/GIMPLE/SSA verification (--enable-checking).
+ */
+
+#include "gcc-common.h"
+
+__visible int plugin_is_GPL_compatible;
+
+static int track_frame_size = -1;
+static const char track_function[] = "track_stack";
+static const char check_function[] = "check_alloca";
+
+/*
+ * Mark these global variables (roots) for gcc garbage collector since
+ * they point to the garbage-collected memory.
+ */
+static GTY(()) tree track_function_decl;
+static GTY(()) tree check_function_decl;
+
+static struct plugin_info stackleak_plugin_info = {
+	.version = "201707101337",
+	.help = "track-min-size=nn\ttrack stack for functions with a stack frame size >= nn bytes\n"
+		"disable\t\tdo not activate the plugin\n"
+};
+
+static void stackleak_add_check_alloca(gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
+{
+	gimple stmt;
+	gcall *check_alloca;
+	tree alloca_size;
+	cgraph_node_ptr node;
+	int frequency;
+	basic_block bb;
+
+	/* Insert call to void check_alloca(unsigned long size) */
+	alloca_size = gimple_call_arg(gsi_stmt(*gsi), 0);
+	stmt = gimple_build_call(check_function_decl, 1, alloca_size);
+	check_alloca = as_a_gcall(stmt);
+	gsi_insert_before(gsi, check_alloca, GSI_SAME_STMT);
+
+	/* Update the cgraph */
+	bb = gimple_bb(check_alloca);
+	node = cgraph_get_create_node(check_function_decl);
+	gcc_assert(node);
+	frequency = compute_call_stmt_bb_frequency(current_function_decl, bb);
+	cgraph_create_edge(cgraph_get_node(current_function_decl), node,
+			check_alloca, bb->count, frequency);
+}
+
+static void stackleak_add_track_stack(gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi, bool after)
+{
+	gimple stmt;
+	gcall *track_stack;
+	cgraph_node_ptr node;
+	int frequency;
+	basic_block bb;
+
+	/* Insert call to void track_stack(void) */
+	stmt = gimple_build_call(track_function_decl, 0);
+	track_stack = as_a_gcall(stmt);
+	if (after)
+		gsi_insert_after(gsi, track_stack, GSI_CONTINUE_LINKING);
+	else
+		gsi_insert_before(gsi, track_stack, GSI_SAME_STMT);
+
+	/* Update the cgraph */
+	bb = gimple_bb(track_stack);
+	node = cgraph_get_create_node(track_function_decl);
+	gcc_assert(node);
+	frequency = compute_call_stmt_bb_frequency(current_function_decl, bb);
+	cgraph_create_edge(cgraph_get_node(current_function_decl), node,
+			track_stack, bb->count, frequency);
+}
+
+static bool is_alloca(gimple stmt)
+{
+	if (gimple_call_builtin_p(stmt, BUILT_IN_ALLOCA))
+		return true;
+
+#if BUILDING_GCC_VERSION >= 4007
+	if (gimple_call_builtin_p(stmt, BUILT_IN_ALLOCA_WITH_ALIGN))
+		return true;
+#endif
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Work with the GIMPLE representation of the code.
+ * Insert the check_alloca() call before alloca and track_stack() call after
+ * it. Also insert track_stack() call into the beginning of the function
+ * if it is not instrumented.
+ */
+static unsigned int stackleak_instrument_execute(void)
+{
+	basic_block bb, entry_bb;
+	bool prologue_instrumented = false, is_leaf = true;
+	gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
+
+	/*
+	 * ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR is a basic block which represents possible entry
+	 * point of a function. This block does not contain any code and
+	 * has a CFG edge to its successor.
+	 */
+	gcc_assert(single_succ_p(ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR_FOR_FN(cfun)));
+	entry_bb = single_succ(ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR_FOR_FN(cfun));
+
+	/*
+	 * 1. Loop through the GIMPLE statements in each of cfun basic blocks.
+	 * cfun is a global variable which represents the function that is
+	 * currently processed.
+	 */
+	FOR_EACH_BB_FN(bb, cfun) {
+		for (gsi = gsi_start_bb(bb); !gsi_end_p(gsi); gsi_next(&gsi)) {
+			gimple stmt;
+
+			stmt = gsi_stmt(gsi);
+
+			/* Leaf function is a function which makes no calls */
+			if (is_gimple_call(stmt))
+				is_leaf = false;
+
+			if (!is_alloca(stmt))
+				continue;
+
+			/* 2. Insert stack overflow check before alloca call */
+			stackleak_add_check_alloca(&gsi);
+
+			/* 3. Insert track_stack() call after alloca call */
+			stackleak_add_track_stack(&gsi, true);
+			if (bb == entry_bb)
+				prologue_instrumented = true;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (prologue_instrumented)
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Special cases to skip the instrumentation.
+	 *
+	 * Taking the address of static inline functions materializes them,
+	 * but we mustn't instrument some of them as the resulting stack
+	 * alignment required by the function call ABI will break other
+	 * assumptions regarding the expected (but not otherwise enforced)
+	 * register clobbering ABI.
+	 *
+	 * Case in point: native_save_fl on amd64 when optimized for size
+	 * clobbers rdx if it were instrumented here.
+	 *
+	 * TODO: any more special cases?
+	 */
+	if (is_leaf &&
+	    !TREE_PUBLIC(current_function_decl) &&
+	    DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P(current_function_decl)) {
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (is_leaf &&
+	    !strncmp(IDENTIFIER_POINTER(DECL_NAME(current_function_decl)),
+		     "_paravirt_", 10)) {
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	/* 4. Insert track_stack() call at the function beginning */
+	bb = entry_bb;
+	if (!single_pred_p(bb)) {
+		/* gcc_assert(bb_loop_depth(bb) ||
+				(bb->flags & BB_IRREDUCIBLE_LOOP)); */
+		split_edge(single_succ_edge(ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR_FOR_FN(cfun)));
+		gcc_assert(single_succ_p(ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR_FOR_FN(cfun)));
+		bb = single_succ(ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR_FOR_FN(cfun));
+	}
+	gsi = gsi_after_labels(bb);
+	stackleak_add_track_stack(&gsi, false);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool large_stack_frame(void)
+{
+#if BUILDING_GCC_VERSION >= 8000
+	return maybe_ge(get_frame_size(), track_frame_size);
+#else
+	return (get_frame_size() >= track_frame_size);
+#endif
+}
+
+/*
+ * Work with the RTL representation of the code.
+ * Remove the unneeded track_stack() calls from the functions which don't
+ * call alloca and don't have a large enough stack frame size.
+ */
+static unsigned int stackleak_cleanup_execute(void)
+{
+	rtx_insn *insn, *next;
+
+	if (cfun->calls_alloca)
+		return 0;
+
+	if (large_stack_frame())
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * 1. Find track_stack() calls. Loop through the chain of insns,
+	 * which is an RTL representation of the code for a function.
+	 *
+	 * The example of a matching insn:
+	 *    (call_insn 8 4 10 2 (call (mem (symbol_ref ("track_stack")
+	 *    [flags 0x41] <function_decl 0x7f7cd3302a80 track_stack>)
+	 *    [0 track_stack S1 A8]) (0)) 675 {*call} (expr_list
+	 *    (symbol_ref ("track_stack") [flags 0x41] <function_decl
+	 *    0x7f7cd3302a80 track_stack>) (expr_list (0) (nil))) (nil))
+	 */
+	for (insn = get_insns(); insn; insn = next) {
+		rtx body;
+
+		next = NEXT_INSN(insn);
+
+		/* Check the expression code of the insn */
+		if (!CALL_P(insn))
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * Check the expression code of the insn body, which is an RTL
+		 * Expression (RTX) describing the side effect performed by
+		 * that insn.
+		 */
+		body = PATTERN(insn);
+
+		if (GET_CODE(body) == PARALLEL)
+			body = XVECEXP(body, 0, 0);
+
+		if (GET_CODE(body) != CALL)
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * Check the first operand of the call expression. It should
+		 * be a mem RTX describing the needed subroutine with a
+		 * symbol_ref RTX.
+		 */
+		body = XEXP(body, 0);
+		if (GET_CODE(body) != MEM)
+			continue;
+
+		body = XEXP(body, 0);
+		if (GET_CODE(body) != SYMBOL_REF)
+			continue;
+
+		if (SYMBOL_REF_DECL(body) != track_function_decl)
+			continue;
+
+		/* 2. Delete the track_stack() call */
+		delete_insn_and_edges(insn);
+#if BUILDING_GCC_VERSION >= 4007 && BUILDING_GCC_VERSION < 8000
+		if (GET_CODE(next) == NOTE &&
+		    NOTE_KIND(next) == NOTE_INSN_CALL_ARG_LOCATION) {
+			insn = next;
+			next = NEXT_INSN(insn);
+			delete_insn_and_edges(insn);
+		}
+#endif
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool stackleak_gate(void)
+{
+	tree section;
+
+	section = lookup_attribute("section",
+				   DECL_ATTRIBUTES(current_function_decl));
+	if (section && TREE_VALUE(section)) {
+		section = TREE_VALUE(TREE_VALUE(section));
+
+		if (!strncmp(TREE_STRING_POINTER(section), ".init.text", 10))
+			return false;
+		if (!strncmp(TREE_STRING_POINTER(section), ".devinit.text", 13))
+			return false;
+		if (!strncmp(TREE_STRING_POINTER(section), ".cpuinit.text", 13))
+			return false;
+		if (!strncmp(TREE_STRING_POINTER(section), ".meminit.text", 13))
+			return false;
+	}
+
+	return track_frame_size >= 0;
+}
+
+/* Build function declarations for track_stack() and check_alloca() */
+static void stackleak_start_unit(void *gcc_data __unused,
+				 void *user_data __unused)
+{
+	tree fntype;
+
+	/* void track_stack(void) */
+	fntype = build_function_type_list(void_type_node, NULL_TREE);
+	track_function_decl = build_fn_decl(track_function, fntype);
+	DECL_ASSEMBLER_NAME(track_function_decl); /* for LTO */
+	TREE_PUBLIC(track_function_decl) = 1;
+	TREE_USED(track_function_decl) = 1;
+	DECL_EXTERNAL(track_function_decl) = 1;
+	DECL_ARTIFICIAL(track_function_decl) = 1;
+	DECL_PRESERVE_P(track_function_decl) = 1;
+
+	/* void check_alloca(unsigned long) */
+	fntype = build_function_type_list(void_type_node,
+				long_unsigned_type_node, NULL_TREE);
+	check_function_decl = build_fn_decl(check_function, fntype);
+	DECL_ASSEMBLER_NAME(check_function_decl); /* for LTO */
+	TREE_PUBLIC(check_function_decl) = 1;
+	TREE_USED(check_function_decl) = 1;
+	DECL_EXTERNAL(check_function_decl) = 1;
+	DECL_ARTIFICIAL(check_function_decl) = 1;
+	DECL_PRESERVE_P(check_function_decl) = 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Pass gate function is a predicate function that gets executed before the
+ * corresponding pass. If the return value is 'true' the pass gets executed,
+ * otherwise, it is skipped.
+ */
+static bool stackleak_instrument_gate(void)
+{
+	return stackleak_gate();
+}
+
+#define PASS_NAME stackleak_instrument
+#define PROPERTIES_REQUIRED PROP_gimple_leh | PROP_cfg
+#define TODO_FLAGS_START TODO_verify_ssa | TODO_verify_flow | TODO_verify_stmts
+#define TODO_FLAGS_FINISH TODO_verify_ssa | TODO_verify_stmts | TODO_dump_func \
+			| TODO_update_ssa | TODO_rebuild_cgraph_edges
+#include "gcc-generate-gimple-pass.h"
+
+static bool stackleak_cleanup_gate(void)
+{
+	return stackleak_gate();
+}
+
+#define PASS_NAME stackleak_cleanup
+#define TODO_FLAGS_FINISH TODO_dump_func
+#include "gcc-generate-rtl-pass.h"
+
+/*
+ * Every gcc plugin exports a plugin_init() function that is called right
+ * after the plugin is loaded. This function is responsible for registering
+ * the plugin callbacks and doing other required initialization.
+ */
+__visible int plugin_init(struct plugin_name_args *plugin_info,
+			  struct plugin_gcc_version *version)
+{
+	const char * const plugin_name = plugin_info->base_name;
+	const int argc = plugin_info->argc;
+	const struct plugin_argument * const argv = plugin_info->argv;
+	int i = 0;
+
+	/* Extra GGC root tables describing our GTY-ed data */
+	static const struct ggc_root_tab gt_ggc_r_gt_stackleak[] = {
+		{
+			.base = &track_function_decl,
+			.nelt = 1,
+			.stride = sizeof(track_function_decl),
+			.cb = &gt_ggc_mx_tree_node,
+			.pchw = &gt_pch_nx_tree_node
+		},
+		{
+			.base = &check_function_decl,
+			.nelt = 1,
+			.stride = sizeof(check_function_decl),
+			.cb = &gt_ggc_mx_tree_node,
+			.pchw = &gt_pch_nx_tree_node
+		},
+		LAST_GGC_ROOT_TAB
+	};
+
+	/*
+	 * The stackleak_instrument pass should be executed before the
+	 * "optimized" pass, which is the control flow graph cleanup that is
+	 * performed just before expanding gcc trees to the RTL. In former
+	 * versions of the plugin this new pass was inserted before the
+	 * "tree_profile" pass, which is currently called "profile".
+	 */
+	PASS_INFO(stackleak_instrument, "optimized", 1,
+						PASS_POS_INSERT_BEFORE);
+
+	/*
+	 * The stackleak_cleanup pass should be executed after the
+	 * "reload" pass, when the stack frame size is final.
+	 */
+	PASS_INFO(stackleak_cleanup, "reload", 1, PASS_POS_INSERT_AFTER);
+
+	if (!plugin_default_version_check(version, &gcc_version)) {
+		error(G_("incompatible gcc/plugin versions"));
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	/* Parse the plugin arguments */
+	for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
+		if (!strcmp(argv[i].key, "disable"))
+			return 0;
+
+		if (!strcmp(argv[i].key, "track-min-size")) {
+			if (!argv[i].value) {
+				error(G_("no value supplied for option '-fplugin-arg-%s-%s'"),
+					plugin_name, argv[i].key);
+				return 1;
+			}
+
+			track_frame_size = atoi(argv[i].value);
+			if (track_frame_size < 0) {
+				error(G_("invalid option argument '-fplugin-arg-%s-%s=%s'"),
+					plugin_name, argv[i].key, argv[i].value);
+				return 1;
+			}
+		} else {
+			error(G_("unknown option '-fplugin-arg-%s-%s'"),
+					plugin_name, argv[i].key);
+			return 1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Give the information about the plugin */
+	register_callback(plugin_name, PLUGIN_INFO, NULL,
+						&stackleak_plugin_info);
+
+	/* Register to be called before processing a translation unit */
+	register_callback(plugin_name, PLUGIN_START_UNIT,
+					&stackleak_start_unit, NULL);
+
+	/* Register an extra GCC garbage collector (GGC) root table */
+	register_callback(plugin_name, PLUGIN_REGISTER_GGC_ROOTS, NULL,
+					(void *)&gt_ggc_r_gt_stackleak);
+
+	/*
+	 * Hook into the Pass Manager to register new gcc passes.
+	 *
+	 * The stack frame size info is available only at the last RTL pass,
+	 * when it's too late to insert complex code like a function call.
+	 * So we register two gcc passes to instrument every function at first
+	 * and remove the unneeded instrumentation later.
+	 */
+	register_callback(plugin_name, PLUGIN_PASS_MANAGER_SETUP, NULL,
+					&stackleak_instrument_pass_info);
+	register_callback(plugin_name, PLUGIN_PASS_MANAGER_SETUP, NULL,
+					&stackleak_cleanup_pass_info);
+
+	return 0;
+}