[03/18] selftest/net/xfrm: Add test for ipsec tunnel
diff mbox series

Message ID 20180726023144.31066-4-dima@arista.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • xfrm: Add compat layer
Related show

Commit Message

Dmitry Safonov July 26, 2018, 2:31 a.m. UTC
It's an exhaustive testing for ipsec: covering all encryption/
authentication/compression algorithms. The tests are run in two
network namespaces, connected by veth interfaces. To make exhaustive
testing less time-consuming, the tests are run in parallel tasks,
specified by parameter to the selftest.

As the patches set adds support for xfrm in compatible tasks, there are
tests to check structures that differ in size between 64-bit and 32-bit
applications.
The selftest doesn't use libnl so that it can be easily compiled as
compatible application and don't require compatible .so.

Here is a diagram of the selftest:

                           ---------------
                           |  selftest   |
                           |  (parent)   |
                           ---------------
                              |        |
                              | (pipe) |
                              ----------
                             /   |  |   \
               /-------------   /    \   -------------\
               |          /-----      -----\          |
      ---------|----------|----------------|----------|---------
      |   ---------   ---------        ---------   ---------   |
      |   | child |   | child |  NS A  | child |   | child |   |
      |   ---------   ---------        ---------   ---------   |
      -------|------------|----------------|-------------|------
           veth0        veth1            veth2         vethN
    ---------|------------|----------------|-------------|----------
    | ------------  ------------       ------------   ------------ |
    | | gr.child |  | gr.child | NS B  | gr.child |   | gr.child | |
    | ------------  ------------       ------------   ------------ |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------

The parent sends the description of a test (xfrm parameters) to the
child, the child and grand child setup a tunnel over veth interface and
test it by sending udp packets.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steffen Klassert <steffen.klassert@secunet.com>
Cc: linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org
Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Dmitry Safonov <dima@arista.com>
---
 MAINTAINERS                            |    1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/net/.gitignore |    1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/net/Makefile   |    1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/net/ipsec.c    | 1987 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 1990 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/net/ipsec.c

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 0fe4228f78cb..7e20db5d0210 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -9938,6 +9938,7 @@  F:	net/ipv6/ipcomp6.c
 F:	net/ipv6/ip6_vti.c
 F:	include/uapi/linux/xfrm.h
 F:	include/net/xfrm.h
+F:	tools/testing/selftests/net/ipsec.c
 
 NETWORKING [IPv4/IPv6]
 M:	"David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/net/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/net/.gitignore
index 1a0ac3a29ec5..6896547292cb 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/net/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/net/.gitignore
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@ 
+ipsec
 msg_zerocopy
 socket
 psock_fanout
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/net/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/net/Makefile
index 663e11e85727..9f35c01fbc0a 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/net/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/net/Makefile
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@  TEST_GEN_FILES =  socket
 TEST_GEN_FILES += psock_fanout psock_tpacket msg_zerocopy
 TEST_GEN_FILES += tcp_mmap tcp_inq psock_snd
 TEST_GEN_FILES += udpgso udpgso_bench_tx udpgso_bench_rx
+TEST_GEN_FILES += ipsec
 TEST_GEN_PROGS = reuseport_bpf reuseport_bpf_cpu reuseport_bpf_numa
 TEST_GEN_PROGS += reuseport_dualstack reuseaddr_conflict
 
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/net/ipsec.c b/tools/testing/selftests/net/ipsec.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e0752e127ba7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/net/ipsec.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1987 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * ipsec.c - Check xfrm on veth inside a net-ns.
+ * Copyright (c) 2018 Dmitry Safonov (Arista Networks)
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+
+#include <arpa/inet.h>
+#include <asm/types.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <linux/limits.h>
+#include <linux/netlink.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
+#include <linux/veth.h>
+#include <linux/xfrm.h>
+#include <netinet/in.h>
+#include <net/if.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#define printk(fmt, lvl, ...)						\
+	fprintf(stderr, "[%s] (%s:%d)\t" fmt "\n",			\
+	lvl, __FILE__, __LINE__, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define pr_p(func, fmt, ...)	func(fmt ": %m", ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define pr_err(fmt, ...)						\
+	printk(fmt, "ERR", ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_warn(fmt, ...)						\
+	printk(fmt, "WARN", ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_note(fmt, ...)						\
+	printk(fmt, "NOTE", ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_ok(fmt, ...)							\
+	printk(fmt, "OK", ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_debug(fmt, ...)						\
+	while (0) {							\
+		printk(fmt, "NOTE", ##__VA_ARGS__);			\
+	}
+
+#define pr_perror(fmt, ...)	pr_p(pr_err, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_pwarn(fmt, ...)	pr_p(pr_warn, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof((arr)[0]))
+#define BUILD_BUG_ON(condition) ((void)sizeof(char[1 - 2*!!(condition)]))
+
+#define IPV4_STR_SZ	16	/* xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is longest + \0 */
+#define MAX_PAYLOAD	2048
+#define XFRM_ALGO_KEY_BUF_SIZE	512
+#define MAX_PROCESSES	(1 << 14) /* /16 mask divided by /30 subnets */
+#define INADDR_A	((in_addr_t) 0x0a000000) /* 10.0.0.0 */
+#define INADDR_B	((in_addr_t) 0xc0a80000) /* 192.168.0.0 */
+
+/* /30 mask for one veth connection */
+#define PREFIX_LEN	30
+#define child_ip(nr)	(4*nr + 1)
+#define grchild_ip(nr)	(4*nr + 2)
+
+#define VETH_FMT	"ktst-%d"
+#define VETH_LEN	10
+#define BEGIN_SEQ	(time(NULL))
+
+static int nsfd_parent	= -1;
+static int nsfd_childa	= -1;
+static int nsfd_childb	= -1;
+static long page_size;
+
+const unsigned int ping_delay_nsec	= 50 * 1000 * 1000;
+const unsigned int ping_timeout		= 300;
+const unsigned int ping_count		= 100;
+const unsigned int ping_success		= 80;
+
+static int unshare_open(void)
+{
+	const char *netns_path = "/proc/self/ns/net";
+	int fd;
+
+	if (unshare(CLONE_NEWNET) != 0) {
+		pr_pwarn("unshare()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	fd = open(netns_path, O_RDONLY);
+	if (fd <= 0) {
+		pr_pwarn("open(%s)", netns_path);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return fd;
+}
+
+static int switch_ns(int fd)
+{
+	if (setns(fd, CLONE_NEWNET)) {
+		pr_pwarn("setns()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Running the test inside a new parent net namespace to bother less
+ * about cleanup on error-path.
+ */
+static int init_namespaces(void)
+{
+	nsfd_parent = unshare_open();
+	if (nsfd_parent <= 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	nsfd_childa = unshare_open();
+	if (nsfd_childa <= 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (switch_ns(nsfd_parent))
+		return -1;
+
+	nsfd_childb = unshare_open();
+	if (nsfd_childb <= 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (switch_ns(nsfd_parent))
+		return -1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int netlink_sock(int *sock, uint32_t *seq_nr, int proto)
+{
+	int route_sock = 0;
+	uint32_t seq;
+
+	if (*sock > 0) {
+		seq_nr++;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	*sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW | SOCK_CLOEXEC, proto);
+	if (*sock <= 0) {
+		pr_pwarn("socket(AF_NETLINK)");
+		return errno;
+	}
+	seq = BEGIN_SEQ;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline struct rtattr *rtattr_hdr(struct nlmsghdr *nh)
+{
+	return (struct rtattr *)((char *)(nh) + RTA_ALIGN((nh)->nlmsg_len));
+}
+
+static int rtattr_pack(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t req_sz,
+		unsigned short rta_type, const void *payload, size_t size)
+{
+	/* NLMSG_ALIGNTO == RTA_ALIGNTO, nlmsg_len already aligned */
+	struct rtattr *attr = rtattr_hdr(nh);
+	size_t nl_size = RTA_ALIGN(nh->nlmsg_len) + RTA_LENGTH(size);
+
+	if (req_sz < nl_size) {
+		pr_err("req buf is too small: %zu < %zu", req_sz, nl_size);
+		return -1;
+	}
+	nh->nlmsg_len = nl_size;
+
+	attr->rta_len = RTA_LENGTH(size); /* XXX: rta_len = size? */
+	attr->rta_type = rta_type;
+	memcpy(RTA_DATA(attr), payload, size);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct rtattr *_rtattr_begin(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t req_sz,
+		unsigned short rta_type, const void *payload, size_t size)
+{
+	struct rtattr *ret = rtattr_hdr(nh);
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(nh, req_sz, rta_type, payload, size))
+		return 0;
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static inline struct rtattr *rtattr_begin(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t req_sz,
+		unsigned short rta_type)
+{
+	return _rtattr_begin(nh, req_sz, rta_type, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static inline void rtattr_end(struct nlmsghdr *nh, struct rtattr *attr)
+{
+	char *nlmsg_end = (char *)nh + nh->nlmsg_len;
+
+	attr->rta_len = nlmsg_end - (char *)attr;
+}
+
+static int veth_pack_peerb(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t req_sz,
+		const char *peer, int ns)
+{
+	struct ifinfomsg pi;
+	struct rtattr *peer_attr;
+
+	memset(&pi, 0, sizeof(pi));
+	pi.ifi_family	= AF_UNSPEC;
+	pi.ifi_change	= 0xFFFFFFFF;
+
+	peer_attr = _rtattr_begin(nh, req_sz, VETH_INFO_PEER, &pi, sizeof(pi));
+	if (!peer_attr)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(nh, req_sz, IFLA_IFNAME, peer, strlen(peer)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(nh, req_sz, IFLA_NET_NS_FD, &ns, sizeof(ns)))
+		return -1;
+
+	rtattr_end(nh, peer_attr);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int netlink_check_answer(int sock)
+{
+	struct nlmsgerror {
+		struct nlmsghdr hdr;
+		int error;
+		struct nlmsghdr orig_msg;
+	} answer;
+
+	if (recv(sock, &answer, sizeof(answer), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (answer.hdr.nlmsg_type != NLMSG_ERROR) {
+		pr_err("expected NLMSG_ERROR, got %d", (int)answer.hdr.nlmsg_type);
+		return -1;
+	} else if (answer.error) {
+		pr_err("NLMSG_ERROR: %d: %s",
+			answer.error, strerror(-answer.error));
+		return answer.error;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int veth_add(int sock, uint32_t seq, const char *peera, int ns_a,
+		const char *peerb, int ns_b)
+{
+	uint16_t flags = NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK | NLM_F_EXCL | NLM_F_CREATE;
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr		nh;
+		struct ifinfomsg	info;
+		char			attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+	const char veth_type[] = "veth";
+	struct rtattr *link_info, *info_data;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.info));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= RTM_NEWLINK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= flags;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+	req.info.ifi_family	= AF_UNSPEC;
+	req.info.ifi_change	= 0xFFFFFFFF;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_IFNAME, peera, strlen(peera)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_NET_NS_FD, &ns_a, sizeof(ns_a)))
+		return -1;
+
+	link_info = rtattr_begin(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_LINKINFO);
+	if (!link_info)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_INFO_KIND, veth_type, sizeof(veth_type)))
+		return -1;
+
+	info_data = rtattr_begin(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFLA_INFO_DATA);
+	if (!info_data)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (veth_pack_peerb(&req.nh, sizeof(req), peerb, ns_b))
+		return -1;
+
+	rtattr_end(&req.nh, info_data);
+	rtattr_end(&req.nh, link_info);
+
+	if (send(sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	return netlink_check_answer(sock);
+}
+
+static int ip4_addr_set(int sock, uint32_t seq, const char *intf,
+		struct in_addr addr, uint8_t prefix)
+{
+	uint16_t flags = NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK | NLM_F_EXCL | NLM_F_CREATE;
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr		nh;
+		struct ifaddrmsg	info;
+		char			attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.info));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= RTM_NEWADDR;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= flags;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+	req.info.ifa_family	= AF_INET;
+	req.info.ifa_prefixlen	= prefix;
+	req.info.ifa_index	= if_nametoindex(intf);
+
+#if 0
+	{
+		char addr_str[IPV4_STR_SZ] = {};
+
+		strncpy(addr_str, inet_ntoa(addr), IPV4_STR_SZ - 1);
+
+		pr_warn("ip addr set %s", addr_str);
+	}
+#endif
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFA_LOCAL, &addr, sizeof(addr)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), IFA_ADDRESS, &addr, sizeof(addr)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (send(sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	return netlink_check_answer(sock);
+}
+
+static int link_set_up(int sock, uint32_t seq, const char *intf)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr		nh;
+		struct ifinfomsg	info;
+		char			attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.info));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= RTM_NEWLINK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+	req.info.ifi_family	= AF_UNSPEC;
+	req.info.ifi_change	= 0xFFFFFFFF;
+	req.info.ifi_index	= if_nametoindex(intf);
+	req.info.ifi_flags	= IFF_UP;
+	req.info.ifi_change	= IFF_UP;
+
+	if (send(sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	return netlink_check_answer(sock);
+}
+
+static int ip4_route_set(int sock, uint32_t seq, const char *intf,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr	nh;
+		struct rtmsg	rt;
+		char		attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+	unsigned int index = if_nametoindex(intf);
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.rt));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= RTM_NEWROUTE;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK | NLM_F_CREATE;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+	req.rt.rtm_family	= AF_INET;
+	req.rt.rtm_dst_len	= 32;
+	req.rt.rtm_table	= RT_TABLE_MAIN;
+	req.rt.rtm_protocol	= RTPROT_BOOT;
+	req.rt.rtm_scope	= RT_SCOPE_LINK;
+	req.rt.rtm_type		= RTN_UNICAST;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), RTA_DST, &dst, sizeof(dst)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), RTA_PREFSRC, &src, sizeof(src)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), RTA_OIF, &index, sizeof(index)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (send(sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return netlink_check_answer(sock);
+}
+
+static int tunnel_set_route(int route_sock, uint32_t *route_seq, char *veth,
+		struct in_addr tunsrc, struct in_addr tundst)
+{
+	if (ip4_addr_set(route_sock, (*route_seq)++, "lo",
+			tunsrc, PREFIX_LEN)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to set ipv4 addr");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (ip4_route_set(route_sock, (*route_seq)++, veth, tunsrc, tundst)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to set ipv4 route");
+		return -1;
+	}
+}
+
+static int init_child(int nsfd, char *veth, unsigned int src, unsigned int dst)
+{
+	struct in_addr intsrc = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, src);
+	struct in_addr tunsrc = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, src);
+	struct in_addr tundst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, dst);
+	int route_sock = -1, ret = -1;
+	uint32_t route_seq;
+
+	if (switch_ns(nsfd))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (netlink_sock(&route_sock, &route_seq, NETLINK_ROUTE)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to open netlink route socket in child");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (ip4_addr_set(route_sock, route_seq++, veth, intsrc, PREFIX_LEN)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to set ipv4 addr");
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	if (link_set_up(route_sock, route_seq++, veth)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to bring up %s", veth);
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	if (tunnel_set_route(route_sock, &route_seq, veth, tunsrc, tundst)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add tunnel route on %s", veth);
+		goto err;
+	}
+	ret = 0;
+
+err:
+	close(route_sock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+#define ALGO_LEN	64
+enum desc_type {
+	CREATE_TUNNEL	= 0,
+	ALLOCATE_SPI,
+	MONITOR_ACQUIRE,
+	EXPIRE_STATE,
+	EXPIRE_POLICY,
+};
+struct xfrm_desc {
+	enum desc_type	type;
+	uint8_t		proto;
+	char		a_algo[ALGO_LEN];
+	char		e_algo[ALGO_LEN];
+	char		c_algo[ALGO_LEN];
+	char		ae_algo[ALGO_LEN];
+	unsigned int	icv_len;
+	/* unsigned key_len; */
+};
+
+enum msg_type {
+	MSG_ACK		= 0,
+	MSG_EXIT,
+	MSG_PING,
+	MSG_XFRM_PREPARE,
+	MSG_XFRM_ADD,
+	MSG_XFRM_DEL,
+	MSG_XFRM_CLEANUP,
+};
+
+struct test_desc {
+	enum msg_type type;
+	union {
+		struct {
+			in_addr_t reply_ip;
+			unsigned int port;
+		} ping;
+		struct xfrm_desc xfrm_desc;
+	} body;
+};
+
+static void write_msg(int fd, struct test_desc *msg)
+{
+	ssize_t bytes = write(fd, msg, sizeof(*msg));
+
+	/* Make sure that write/read is atomic to a pipe */
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct test_desc) > PIPE_BUF);
+
+	if (bytes < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+	if (bytes != sizeof(*msg)) {
+		pr_perror("sent part of the message %zd/%zu", bytes, sizeof(*msg));
+		exit(1);
+	}
+}
+
+static void read_msg(int fd, struct test_desc *msg)
+{
+	ssize_t bytes = read(fd, msg, sizeof(*msg));
+
+	if (bytes < 0) {
+		pr_perror("read()");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+	if (bytes != sizeof(*msg)) {
+		pr_perror("got incomplete message %zd/%zu", bytes, sizeof(*msg));
+		exit(1);
+	}
+}
+
+static int udp_ping_init(struct in_addr listen_ip, unsigned int u_timeout,
+		unsigned int *server_port, int sock[2])
+{
+	struct sockaddr_in server;
+	struct timeval t = { .tv_sec = 0, .tv_usec = u_timeout };
+	socklen_t s_len = sizeof(server);
+
+	sock[0] = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
+	if (sock[0] < 0) {
+		pr_perror("socket()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	server.sin_family	= AF_INET;
+	server.sin_port		= 0;
+	memcpy(&server.sin_addr.s_addr, &listen_ip, sizeof(struct in_addr));
+
+	if (bind(sock[0], (struct sockaddr *)&server, s_len)) {
+		pr_perror("bind()");
+		goto err_close_server;
+	}
+
+	if (getsockname(sock[0], (struct sockaddr *)&server, &s_len)) {
+		pr_perror("getsockname()");
+		goto err_close_server;
+	}
+
+	*server_port = ntohs(server.sin_port);
+
+	if (setsockopt(sock[0], SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, (const char *)&t, sizeof t)) {
+		pr_perror("setsockopt()");
+		goto err_close_server;
+	}
+
+	sock[1] = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
+	if (sock[1] < 0) {
+		pr_perror("socket()");
+		goto err_close_server;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_close_server:
+	close(sock[0]);
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static int udp_ping_send(int sock[2], in_addr_t dest_ip, unsigned int port,
+		char *buf, size_t buf_len)
+{
+	struct sockaddr_in server;
+	const struct sockaddr *dest_addr = (struct sockaddr *)&server;
+	char *sock_buf[buf_len];
+	ssize_t r_bytes, s_bytes;
+
+	server.sin_family	= AF_INET;
+	server.sin_port		= htons(port);
+	server.sin_addr.s_addr	= dest_ip;
+
+	s_bytes = sendto(sock[1], buf, buf_len, 0, dest_addr, sizeof(server));
+	if (s_bytes < 0) {
+		pr_perror("sendto()");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (s_bytes != buf_len) {
+		pr_err("send part of the message: %zd/%zu", s_bytes, sizeof(server));
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	r_bytes = recv(sock[0], sock_buf, buf_len, 0);
+	if (r_bytes < 0) {
+		if (errno != EAGAIN)
+			pr_perror("recv()");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (r_bytes == 0) { /* EOF */
+		pr_err("EOF on reply to ping");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (r_bytes != buf_len || memcmp(buf, sock_buf, buf_len)) {
+		pr_err("ping reply packet is corrupted %zd/%zu", r_bytes, buf_len);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int udp_ping_reply(int sock[2], in_addr_t dest_ip, unsigned int port,
+		char *buf, size_t buf_len)
+{
+	struct sockaddr_in server;
+	const struct sockaddr *dest_addr = (struct sockaddr *)&server;
+	char *sock_buf[buf_len];
+	ssize_t r_bytes, s_bytes;
+
+	server.sin_family	= AF_INET;
+	server.sin_port		= htons(port);
+	server.sin_addr.s_addr	= dest_ip;
+
+	r_bytes = recv(sock[0], sock_buf, buf_len, 0);
+	if (r_bytes < 0) {
+		if (errno != EAGAIN)
+			pr_perror("recv()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	if (r_bytes == 0) { /* EOF */
+		pr_err("EOF on reply to ping");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	if (r_bytes != buf_len || memcmp(buf, sock_buf, buf_len)) {
+		pr_err("ping reply packet is corrupted %zd/%zu", r_bytes, buf_len);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	s_bytes = sendto(sock[1], buf, buf_len, 0, dest_addr, sizeof(server));
+	if (s_bytes < 0) {
+		pr_perror("sendto()");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (s_bytes != buf_len) {
+		pr_err("send part of the message: %zd/%zu", s_bytes, sizeof(server));
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+typedef int (*ping_f)(int sock[2], in_addr_t dest_ip, unsigned int port,
+		char *buf, size_t buf_len);
+static int do_ping(int cmd_fd, char *buf, size_t buf_len, struct in_addr from,
+		bool init_side, int d_port, in_addr_t to, ping_f func)
+{
+	struct test_desc msg;
+	unsigned int s_port, i, ping_succeeded = 0;
+	int ping_sock[2];
+	char to_str[IPV4_STR_SZ] = {}, from_str[IPV4_STR_SZ] = {};
+
+	if (udp_ping_init(from, ping_timeout, &s_port, ping_sock)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to init ping");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
+	msg.type		= MSG_PING;
+	msg.body.ping.port	= s_port;
+	memcpy(&msg.body.ping.reply_ip, &from, sizeof(from));
+
+	write_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+	if (init_side) {
+		/* The other end sends ip to ping */
+		read_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+		if (msg.type != MSG_PING)
+			return -1;
+		to = msg.body.ping.reply_ip;
+		d_port = msg.body.ping.port;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ping_count ; i++) {
+		struct timespec sleep_time = {
+			.tv_sec = 0,
+			.tv_nsec = ping_delay_nsec,
+		};
+
+		ping_succeeded += !func(ping_sock, to, d_port, buf, page_size);
+		nanosleep(&sleep_time, 0);
+	}
+
+	close(ping_sock[0]);
+	close(ping_sock[1]);
+
+	strncpy(to_str, inet_ntoa(*(struct in_addr *)&to), IPV4_STR_SZ - 1);
+	strncpy(from_str, inet_ntoa(from), IPV4_STR_SZ - 1);
+
+	if (ping_succeeded < ping_success) {
+		pr_err("ping (%s) %s->%s failed %u/%u times",
+			init_side ? "send" : "reply", from_str, to_str,
+			ping_count - ping_succeeded, ping_count);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	pr_debug("ping (%s) %s->%s succeeded %u/%u times",
+		init_side ? "send" : "reply", from_str, to_str,
+		ping_succeeded, ping_count);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int randomize_buffer(void *buf, size_t buflen)
+{
+	int random_bytes = 0;
+
+	if (!buflen)
+		return 0;
+
+	do {
+		random_bytes += syscall(SYS_getrandom, buf, buflen, 0);
+	} while (random_bytes > 0 && random_bytes < buflen);
+
+	if (random_bytes < 0) {
+		pr_err("get_random() failed: %d\n", random_bytes);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_fill_key(char *name, char *buf,
+		size_t buf_len, unsigned int *key_len)
+{
+	/* XXX: use set/map instead of all this */
+	if (strncmp(name, "digest_null", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 0;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "ecb(cipher_null)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 0;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(des)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 64;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "hmac(md5)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 128;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cmac(aes)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 128;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "xcbc(aes)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 128;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(cast5)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 128;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(serpent)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 128;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "hmac(sha1)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 160;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "hmac(rmd160)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 160;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(des3_ede)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 192;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "hmac(sha256)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 256;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(aes)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 256;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(camellia)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 256;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(twofish)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 256;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc3686(ctr(aes))", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 288;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "hmac(sha384)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 384;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "cbc(blowfish)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 448;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "hmac(sha512)", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 512;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4106(gcm(aes))-128", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 160;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4543(gcm(aes))-128", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 160;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4309(ccm(aes))-128", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 152;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4106(gcm(aes))-192", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 224;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4543(gcm(aes))-192", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 224;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4309(ccm(aes))-192", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 216;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4106(gcm(aes))-256", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 288;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4543(gcm(aes))-256", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 288;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc4309(ccm(aes))-256", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 280;
+	else if (strncmp(name, "rfc7539(chacha20,poly1305)-128", ALGO_LEN) == 0)
+		*key_len = 0;
+
+	if (*key_len > buf_len) {
+		pr_err("Can't pack a key - too big for buffer");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return randomize_buffer(buf, *key_len);
+}
+
+static int xfrm_state_pack_algo(struct nlmsghdr *nh, size_t req_sz,
+		struct xfrm_desc *desc)
+{
+	struct {
+		union {
+			struct xfrm_algo	alg;
+			struct xfrm_algo_aead	aead;
+			struct xfrm_algo_auth	auth;
+		} u;
+		char buf[XFRM_ALGO_KEY_BUF_SIZE];
+	} alg = {};
+	size_t alen, elen, clen, aelen;
+	unsigned short type;
+
+	alen = strlen(desc->a_algo);
+	elen = strlen(desc->e_algo);
+	clen = strlen(desc->c_algo);
+	aelen = strlen(desc->ae_algo);
+
+	/* Verify desc */
+	switch (desc->proto) {
+	case IPPROTO_AH:
+		if (!alen || elen || clen || aelen) {
+			pr_err("BUG: buggy ah desc");
+			return -1;
+		}
+		strncpy(alg.u.alg.alg_name, desc->a_algo, ALGO_LEN);
+		if (xfrm_fill_key(desc->a_algo, alg.u.alg.alg_key,
+				sizeof(alg.buf), &alg.u.alg.alg_key_len))
+			return -1;
+		type = XFRMA_ALG_AUTH;
+		break;
+	case IPPROTO_COMP:
+		if (!clen || elen || alen || aelen) {
+			pr_err("BUG: buggy comp desc");
+			return -1;
+		}
+		strncpy(alg.u.alg.alg_name, desc->c_algo, ALGO_LEN);
+		if (xfrm_fill_key(desc->c_algo, alg.u.alg.alg_key,
+				sizeof(alg.buf), &alg.u.alg.alg_key_len))
+			return -1;
+		type = XFRMA_ALG_COMP;
+		break;
+	case IPPROTO_ESP:
+		if (!((alen && elen) ^ aelen) || clen) {
+			pr_err("BUG: buggy esp desc");
+			return -1;
+		}
+		if (aelen) {
+			alg.u.aead.alg_icv_len = desc->icv_len;
+			strncpy(alg.u.aead.alg_name, desc->ae_algo, ALGO_LEN);
+			if (xfrm_fill_key(desc->ae_algo, alg.u.aead.alg_key,
+						sizeof(alg.buf), &alg.u.aead.alg_key_len))
+				return -1;
+			type = XFRMA_ALG_AEAD;
+		} else {
+
+			strncpy(alg.u.alg.alg_name, desc->e_algo, ALGO_LEN);
+			type = XFRMA_ALG_CRYPT;
+			if (xfrm_fill_key(desc->e_algo, alg.u.alg.alg_key,
+						sizeof(alg.buf), &alg.u.alg.alg_key_len))
+				return -1;
+			if (rtattr_pack(nh, req_sz, type, &alg, sizeof(alg)))
+				return -1;
+
+			strncpy(alg.u.alg.alg_name, desc->a_algo, ALGO_LEN);
+			type = XFRMA_ALG_AUTH;
+			if (xfrm_fill_key(desc->a_algo, alg.u.alg.alg_key,
+						sizeof(alg.buf), &alg.u.alg.alg_key_len))
+				return -1;
+		}
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("BUG: unknown proto in desc");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(nh, req_sz, type, &alg, sizeof(alg)))
+		return -1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t gen_spi(struct in_addr src)
+{
+	return htonl(inet_lnaof(src));
+}
+
+static int xfrm_state_add(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t seq, uint32_t spi,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst,
+		struct xfrm_desc *desc)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr		nh;
+		struct xfrm_usersa_info	info;
+		char			attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.info));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_NEWSA;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+
+	/* Fill selector. */
+	memcpy(&req.info.sel.daddr, &dst, sizeof(dst));
+	memcpy(&req.info.sel.saddr, &src, sizeof(src));
+	req.info.sel.family		= AF_INET;
+	req.info.sel.prefixlen_d	= PREFIX_LEN;
+	req.info.sel.prefixlen_s	= PREFIX_LEN;
+
+	/* Fill id */
+	memcpy(&req.info.id.daddr, &dst, sizeof(dst));
+	/* Note: zero-spi cannot be deleted */
+	req.info.id.spi = spi;
+	req.info.id.proto	= desc->proto;
+
+	memcpy(&req.info.saddr, &src, sizeof(src));
+
+	/* Fill lifteme_cfg */
+	req.info.lft.soft_byte_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+	req.info.lft.hard_byte_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+	req.info.lft.soft_packet_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+	req.info.lft.hard_packet_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+
+	req.info.family		= AF_INET;
+	req.info.mode		= XFRM_MODE_TUNNEL;
+
+	/* XXX: Fill seq, reqid, replay_window, flags? */
+
+	if (xfrm_state_pack_algo(&req.nh, sizeof(req), desc))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return netlink_check_answer(xfrm_sock);
+}
+
+static int xfrm_set(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst,
+		struct in_addr tunsrc, struct in_addr tundst,
+		struct xfrm_desc *desc)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	err = xfrm_state_add(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), src, dst, desc);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm state");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	err = xfrm_state_add(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), dst, src, desc);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm state");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_policy_add(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t seq, uint32_t spi,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst, uint8_t dir,
+		struct in_addr tunsrc, struct in_addr tundst, uint8_t proto)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr			nh;
+		struct xfrm_userpolicy_info	info;
+		char				attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+	struct xfrm_user_tmpl tmpl;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	memset(&tmpl, 0, sizeof(tmpl));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.info));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_NEWPOLICY;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+
+	/* Fill selector. */
+	memcpy(&req.info.sel.daddr, &dst, sizeof(tundst));
+	memcpy(&req.info.sel.saddr, &src, sizeof(tunsrc));
+	req.info.sel.family		= AF_INET;
+	req.info.sel.prefixlen_d	= PREFIX_LEN;
+	req.info.sel.prefixlen_s	= PREFIX_LEN;
+
+	/* Fill lifteme_cfg */
+	req.info.lft.soft_byte_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+	req.info.lft.hard_byte_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+	req.info.lft.soft_packet_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+	req.info.lft.hard_packet_limit	= XFRM_INF;
+
+	req.info.dir = dir;
+
+	/* Fill tmpl */
+	memcpy(&tmpl.id.daddr, &dst, sizeof(dst));
+	/* Note: zero-spi cannot be deleted */
+	tmpl.id.spi = spi;
+	tmpl.id.proto	= proto;
+	tmpl.family	= AF_INET;
+	memcpy(&tmpl.saddr, &src, sizeof(src));
+	tmpl.mode	= XFRM_MODE_TUNNEL;
+	tmpl.aalgos = (~(uint32_t)0);
+	tmpl.ealgos = (~(uint32_t)0);
+	tmpl.calgos = (~(uint32_t)0);
+
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), XFRMA_TMPL, &tmpl, sizeof(tmpl)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return netlink_check_answer(xfrm_sock);
+}
+
+static int xfrm_prepare(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst,
+		struct in_addr tunsrc, struct in_addr tundst, uint8_t proto)
+{
+	if (xfrm_policy_add(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), src, dst,
+				XFRM_POLICY_OUT, tunsrc, tundst, proto)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm policy");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (xfrm_policy_add(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), dst, src,
+				XFRM_POLICY_IN, tunsrc, tundst, proto)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm policy");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_policy_del(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t seq,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst, uint8_t dir,
+		struct in_addr tunsrc, struct in_addr tundst)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr			nh;
+		struct xfrm_userpolicy_id	id;
+		char				attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.id));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_DELPOLICY;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+
+	/* Fill id */
+	memcpy(&req.id.sel.daddr, &dst, sizeof(tundst));
+	memcpy(&req.id.sel.saddr, &src, sizeof(tunsrc));
+	req.id.sel.family		= AF_INET;
+	req.id.sel.prefixlen_d		= PREFIX_LEN;
+	req.id.sel.prefixlen_s		= PREFIX_LEN;
+	req.id.dir = dir;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return netlink_check_answer(xfrm_sock);
+}
+
+static int xfrm_cleanup(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst,
+		struct in_addr tunsrc, struct in_addr tundst)
+{
+	if (xfrm_policy_del(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, src, dst,
+				XFRM_POLICY_OUT, tunsrc, tundst)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm policy");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (xfrm_policy_del(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, dst, src,
+				XFRM_POLICY_IN, tunsrc, tundst)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm policy");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_state_del(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t seq, uint32_t spi,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst, uint8_t proto)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr		nh;
+		struct xfrm_usersa_id	id;
+		char			attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+	xfrm_address_t saddr = {};
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.id));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_DELSA;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= seq;
+
+	memcpy(&req.id.daddr, &dst, sizeof(dst));
+	req.id.family		= AF_INET;
+	req.id.proto		= proto;
+	/* Note: zero-spi cannot be deleted */
+	req.id.spi = spi;
+
+	memcpy(&saddr, &src, sizeof(src));
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), XFRMA_SRCADDR, &saddr, sizeof(saddr)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return netlink_check_answer(xfrm_sock);
+}
+
+static int xfrm_delete(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		struct in_addr src, struct in_addr dst,
+		struct in_addr tunsrc, struct in_addr tundst, uint8_t proto)
+{
+	if (xfrm_state_del(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), src, dst, proto)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to remove xfrm state");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (xfrm_state_del(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), dst, src, proto)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to remove xfrm state");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_state_allocspi(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		uint32_t spi, uint8_t proto)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr			nh;
+		struct xfrm_userspi_info	spi;
+	} req;
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr			nh;
+		union {
+			struct xfrm_usersa_info	info;
+			int error;
+		};
+	} answer;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.spi));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_ALLOCSPI;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= (*seq)++;
+
+	req.spi.info.family	= AF_INET;
+	req.spi.min		= spi;
+	req.spi.max		= spi;
+	req.spi.info.id.proto	= proto;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (recv(xfrm_sock, &answer, sizeof(answer), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (answer.nh.nlmsg_type == XFRM_MSG_NEWSA) {
+		uint32_t new_spi = htonl(answer.info.id.spi);
+
+		if (new_spi != spi) {
+			pr_err("allocated spi is different from requested: %#x != %#x",
+					new_spi, spi);
+			return -1;
+		}
+		return 0;
+	} else if (answer.nh.nlmsg_type != NLMSG_ERROR) {
+		pr_err("expected NLMSG_ERROR, got %d", (int)answer.nh.nlmsg_type);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	pr_err("NLMSG_ERROR: %d: %s", answer.error, strerror(-answer.error));
+	return answer.error;
+}
+
+static int netlink_sock_bind(int *sock, uint32_t *seq, int proto, uint32_t groups)
+{
+	struct sockaddr_nl snl = {};
+	socklen_t addr_len;
+	int ret = -1;
+
+	snl.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
+	snl.nl_groups = groups;
+
+	if (netlink_sock(sock, seq, proto)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to open xfrm netlink socket");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (bind(*sock, (struct sockaddr *)&snl, sizeof(snl)) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("bind()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	addr_len = sizeof(snl);
+	if (getsockname(*sock, (struct sockaddr *)&snl, &addr_len) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("getsockname()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+	if (addr_len != sizeof(snl)) {
+		pr_err("Wrong address length %d", addr_len);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+	if (snl.nl_family != AF_NETLINK) {
+		pr_err("Wrong address family %d", snl.nl_family);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+	return 0;
+
+out_close:
+	close(*sock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_monitor_acquire(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq, unsigned int nr)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr nh;
+		union {
+			struct xfrm_user_acquire acq;
+			int error;
+		};
+		char attrbuf[MAX_PAYLOAD];
+	} req;
+	struct xfrm_user_tmpl xfrm_tmpl = {};
+	int xfrm_listen = -1, ret = -1;
+	uint32_t seq_listen;
+
+	if (netlink_sock_bind(&xfrm_listen, &seq_listen, NETLINK_XFRM, XFRMNLGRP_ACQUIRE))
+		return -1;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.acq));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_ACQUIRE;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= (*seq)++;
+
+	req.acq.policy.sel.family	= AF_INET;
+	req.acq.aalgos	= 0xfeed;
+	req.acq.ealgos	= 0xbaad;
+	req.acq.calgos	= 0xbabe;
+
+	xfrm_tmpl.family = AF_INET;
+	xfrm_tmpl.id.proto = IPPROTO_ESP;
+	if (rtattr_pack(&req.nh, sizeof(req), XFRMA_TMPL, &xfrm_tmpl, sizeof(xfrm_tmpl)))
+		goto out_close;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (recv(xfrm_sock, &req, sizeof(req), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		goto out_close;
+	} else if (req.nh.nlmsg_type != NLMSG_ERROR) {
+		pr_err("expected NLMSG_ERROR, got %d", (int)req.nh.nlmsg_type);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (req.error) {
+		pr_err("NLMSG_ERROR: %d: %s", req.error, strerror(-req.error));
+		ret = req.error;
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (recv(xfrm_listen, &req, sizeof(req), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (req.acq.aalgos != 0xfeed || req.acq.ealgos != 0xbaad
+			|| req.acq.calgos != 0xbabe) {
+		pr_err("xfrm_user_acquire has changed  %x %x %x",
+				req.acq.aalgos, req.acq.ealgos, req.acq.calgos);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	ret = 0;
+out_close:
+	close(xfrm_listen);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_expire_state(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		unsigned int nr, struct xfrm_desc *desc)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr nh;
+		union {
+			struct xfrm_user_expire expire;
+			int error;
+		};
+	} req;
+	struct in_addr src, dst;
+	int xfrm_listen = -1, ret = -1;
+	uint32_t seq_listen;
+
+	src = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, child_ip(nr));
+	dst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, grchild_ip(nr));
+
+	if (xfrm_state_add(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), src, dst, desc)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm state");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (netlink_sock_bind(&xfrm_listen, &seq_listen, NETLINK_XFRM, XFRMNLGRP_EXPIRE))
+		return -1;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.expire));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_EXPIRE;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= (*seq)++;
+
+	memcpy(&req.expire.state.id.daddr, &dst, sizeof(dst));
+	req.expire.state.id.spi		= gen_spi(src);
+	req.expire.state.id.proto	= desc->proto;
+	req.expire.state.family		= AF_INET;
+	req.expire.hard			= 0xff;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (recv(xfrm_sock, &req, sizeof(req), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		goto out_close;
+	} else if (req.nh.nlmsg_type != NLMSG_ERROR) {
+		pr_err("expected NLMSG_ERROR, got %d", (int)req.nh.nlmsg_type);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (req.error) {
+		pr_err("NLMSG_ERROR: %d: %s", req.error, strerror(-req.error));
+		ret = req.error;
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (recv(xfrm_listen, &req, sizeof(req), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (req.expire.hard != 0x1) {
+		pr_err("expire.hard is not set: %x", req.expire.hard);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	ret = 0;
+out_close:
+	close(xfrm_listen);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int xfrm_expire_policy(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		unsigned int nr, struct xfrm_desc *desc)
+{
+	struct {
+		struct nlmsghdr nh;
+		union {
+			struct xfrm_user_polexpire expire;
+			int error;
+		};
+	} req;
+	struct in_addr src, dst, tunsrc, tundst;
+	int xfrm_listen = -1, ret = -1;
+	uint32_t seq_listen;
+
+	src = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, child_ip(nr));
+	dst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, grchild_ip(nr));
+	tunsrc = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, child_ip(nr));
+	tundst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, grchild_ip(nr));
+
+	if (xfrm_policy_add(xfrm_sock, (*seq)++, gen_spi(src), src, dst,
+				XFRM_POLICY_OUT, tunsrc, tundst, desc->proto)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to add xfrm policy");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (netlink_sock_bind(&xfrm_listen, &seq_listen, NETLINK_XFRM, XFRMNLGRP_EXPIRE))
+		return -1;
+
+	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_len	= NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(req.expire));
+	req.nh.nlmsg_type	= XFRM_MSG_POLEXPIRE;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_flags	= NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+	req.nh.nlmsg_seq	= (*seq)++;
+
+	/* Fill selector. */
+	memcpy(&req.expire.pol.sel.daddr, &dst, sizeof(tundst));
+	memcpy(&req.expire.pol.sel.saddr, &src, sizeof(tunsrc));
+	req.expire.pol.sel.family	= AF_INET;
+	req.expire.pol.sel.prefixlen_d	= PREFIX_LEN;
+	req.expire.pol.sel.prefixlen_s	= PREFIX_LEN;
+	req.expire.pol.dir		= XFRM_POLICY_OUT;
+	req.expire.hard			= 0xff;
+
+	if (send(xfrm_sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("write()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (recv(xfrm_sock, &req, sizeof(req), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		goto out_close;
+	} else if (req.nh.nlmsg_type != NLMSG_ERROR) {
+		pr_err("expected NLMSG_ERROR, got %d", (int)req.nh.nlmsg_type);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (req.error) {
+		pr_err("NLMSG_ERROR: %d: %s", req.error, strerror(-req.error));
+		ret = req.error;
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (recv(xfrm_listen, &req, sizeof(req), 0) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("recv()");
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	if (req.expire.hard != 0x1) {
+		pr_err("expire.hard is not set: %x", req.expire.hard);
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	ret = 0;
+out_close:
+	close(xfrm_listen);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void print_desc(char *lvl, char *msg, struct xfrm_desc *desc)
+{
+	printk("%s: [%u, '%s', '%s', '%s', '%s', %u]", lvl, msg,
+		(unsigned int)desc->proto, desc->a_algo, desc->e_algo,
+		desc->c_algo, desc->ae_algo, desc->icv_len);
+}
+
+static int child_serv(int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq,
+		unsigned int nr, int cmd_fd, void *buf, struct xfrm_desc *desc)
+{
+	struct in_addr src, dst, tunsrc, tundst;
+	struct test_desc msg;
+	int ret = -1;
+
+	src = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, child_ip(nr));
+	dst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, grchild_ip(nr));
+	tunsrc = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, child_ip(nr));
+	tundst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, grchild_ip(nr));
+
+	/* UDP pinging without xfrm */
+	if (do_ping(cmd_fd, buf, page_size, src, true, 0, 0, udp_ping_send)) {
+		pr_err("ping failed before setting xfrm");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
+	msg.type = MSG_XFRM_PREPARE;
+	memcpy(&msg.body.xfrm_desc, desc, sizeof(*desc));
+	write_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+
+	if (xfrm_prepare(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst, desc->proto)) {
+		print_desc("ERR", "failed to prepare xfrm", desc);
+		goto cleanup;
+	}
+
+	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
+	msg.type = MSG_XFRM_ADD;
+	memcpy(&msg.body.xfrm_desc, desc, sizeof(*desc));
+	write_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+	if (xfrm_set(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst, desc)) {
+		print_desc("ERR", "failed to set xfrm", desc);
+		goto cleanup;
+	}
+
+	/* UDP pinging with xfrm tunnel */
+	if (do_ping(cmd_fd, buf, page_size, tunsrc,
+				true, 0, 0, udp_ping_send)) {
+		print_desc("ERR", "ping failed for xfrm", desc);
+		goto delete;
+	}
+
+	print_desc("OK", "xfrm", desc);
+	ret = 0;
+delete:
+	/* xfrm delete */
+	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
+	msg.type = MSG_XFRM_DEL;
+	memcpy(&msg.body.xfrm_desc, desc, sizeof(*desc));
+	write_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+
+	if (xfrm_delete(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst, desc->proto)) {
+		print_desc("ERR", "ping to remove xfrm", desc);
+		ret = -1;
+	}
+
+cleanup:
+	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
+	msg.type = MSG_XFRM_CLEANUP;
+	memcpy(&msg.body.xfrm_desc, desc, sizeof(*desc));
+	write_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+	if (xfrm_cleanup(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst)) {
+		print_desc("ERR", "ping to cleanup xfrm", desc);
+		ret = -1;
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int child_f(unsigned int nr, int test_desc_fd, int cmd_fd, void *buf)
+{
+	struct xfrm_desc desc;
+	struct test_desc msg;
+	int xfrm_sock = -1;
+	uint32_t seq;
+	int ret = 1;
+
+	if (switch_ns(nsfd_childa))
+		exit(1);
+
+	if (netlink_sock(&xfrm_sock, &seq, NETLINK_XFRM)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to open xfrm netlink socket");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	/* Check that seq sock is ready, just for sure. */
+	memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
+	msg.type = MSG_ACK;
+	write_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+	read_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+	if (msg.type != MSG_ACK) {
+		pr_err("Ack failed");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	for (;;) {
+		ssize_t received = read(test_desc_fd, &desc, sizeof(desc));
+
+		if (received == 0) /* EOF */
+			break;
+
+		if (received != sizeof(desc)) {
+			pr_perror("read() returned %zd", received);
+			goto exit;
+		}
+
+		switch (desc.type) {
+		case CREATE_TUNNEL:
+			if (child_serv(xfrm_sock, &seq, nr, cmd_fd, buf, &desc))
+				goto exit;
+			break;
+		case ALLOCATE_SPI:
+			if (xfrm_state_allocspi(xfrm_sock, &seq, -1, desc.proto)) {
+				pr_err("allocspi failed");
+				goto exit;
+			}
+			pr_ok("allocspi");
+			break;
+		case MONITOR_ACQUIRE:
+			if (xfrm_monitor_acquire(xfrm_sock, &seq, nr)) {
+				pr_err("monitor acqure failed");
+				goto exit;
+			}
+			pr_ok("monitor acqure");
+			break;
+		case EXPIRE_STATE:
+			if (xfrm_expire_state(xfrm_sock, &seq, nr, &desc)) {
+				pr_err("expire state failed");
+				goto exit;
+			}
+			pr_ok("expire state");
+			break;
+		case EXPIRE_POLICY:
+			if (xfrm_expire_policy(xfrm_sock, &seq, nr, &desc)) {
+				pr_err("expire policy failed");
+				goto exit;
+			}
+			pr_ok("expire policy");
+			break;
+		default:
+			pr_err("Unknown desc type");
+			goto exit;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = 0;
+exit:
+	close(xfrm_sock);
+
+	msg.type = MSG_EXIT;
+	write_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+	exit(ret);
+}
+
+static int grand_child_serv(unsigned int nr, int cmd_fd, void *buf,
+		struct test_desc *msg, int xfrm_sock, uint32_t *seq)
+{
+	struct in_addr src, dst, tunsrc, tundst;
+	bool tun_reply;
+	struct xfrm_desc *desc = &msg->body.xfrm_desc;
+
+	src = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, grchild_ip(nr));
+	dst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_B, child_ip(nr));
+	tunsrc = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, grchild_ip(nr));
+	tundst = inet_makeaddr(INADDR_A, child_ip(nr));
+
+	switch (msg->type) {
+	case MSG_EXIT:
+		exit(0);
+	case MSG_ACK:
+		write_msg(cmd_fd, msg);
+		break;
+	case MSG_PING:
+		tun_reply = memcmp(&dst, &msg->body.ping.reply_ip, sizeof(in_addr_t));
+		/* UDP pinging without xfrm */
+		if (do_ping(cmd_fd, buf, page_size, tun_reply ? tunsrc : src,
+				false, msg->body.ping.port,
+				msg->body.ping.reply_ip, udp_ping_reply)) {
+			pr_err("ping failed before setting xfrm");
+			return -1;
+		}
+		break;
+	case MSG_XFRM_PREPARE:
+		if (xfrm_prepare(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst,
+					desc->proto)) {
+			print_desc("ERR", "failed to prepare xfrm", desc);
+			return -1;
+		}
+		break;
+	case MSG_XFRM_ADD:
+		if (xfrm_set(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst, desc)) {
+			print_desc("ERR", "failed to set xfrm", desc);
+			return -1;
+		}
+		break;
+	case MSG_XFRM_DEL:
+		if (xfrm_delete(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst,
+					desc->proto)) {
+			print_desc("ERR", "failed to remove xfrm", desc);
+			return -1;
+		}
+		break;
+	case MSG_XFRM_CLEANUP:
+		if (xfrm_cleanup(xfrm_sock, seq, src, dst, tunsrc, tundst)) {
+			print_desc("ERR", "failed to cleanup xfrm", desc);
+			return -1;
+		}
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("got unknown msg type %d\n", msg->type);
+		return -1;
+	};
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int grand_child_f(unsigned int nr, int cmd_fd, void *buf)
+{
+	struct test_desc msg;
+	int xfrm_sock = -1;
+	uint32_t seq;
+
+	if (switch_ns(nsfd_childb))
+		exit(1);
+
+	if (netlink_sock(&xfrm_sock, &seq, NETLINK_XFRM)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to open xfrm netlink socket");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	do {
+		read_msg(cmd_fd, &msg);
+		if (grand_child_serv(nr, cmd_fd, buf, &msg, xfrm_sock, &seq))
+			break;
+	} while (1);
+
+	close(xfrm_sock);
+	exit(1);
+}
+
+static int start_child(unsigned int nr, char *veth, int test_desc_fd[2])
+{
+	uint32_t route_seq;
+	int cmd_sock[2];
+	void *data_map;
+	pid_t child;
+
+	if (init_child(nsfd_childa, veth, child_ip(nr), grchild_ip(nr)))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (init_child(nsfd_childb, veth, grchild_ip(nr), child_ip(nr)))
+		return -1;
+
+	child = fork();
+	if (child < 0) {
+		pr_perror("fork()");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (child) {
+		/* in parent - selftest */
+		return switch_ns(nsfd_parent);
+	}
+
+	if (close(test_desc_fd[1])) {
+		pr_perror("close()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	/* child */
+	data_map = mmap(0, page_size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+			MAP_SHARED | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
+	if (data_map == MAP_FAILED) {
+		pr_perror("mmap()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	if (randomize_buffer(data_map, page_size))
+		return -1;
+
+	if (socketpair(PF_LOCAL, SOCK_SEQPACKET, 0, cmd_sock)) {
+		pr_perror("socketpair()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	child = fork();
+	if (child < 0) {
+		pr_perror("fork()");
+		return -1;
+	} else if (child) {
+		if (close(cmd_sock[0])) {
+			pr_perror("close()");
+			return -1;
+		}
+		return child_f(nr, test_desc_fd[0], cmd_sock[1], data_map);
+	}
+	if (close(cmd_sock[1])) {
+		pr_perror("close()");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	return grand_child_f(nr, cmd_sock[0], data_map);
+}
+
+static void usage_exit(char **argv)
+{
+	fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s [nr_process]\n", argv[0]);
+	exit(1);
+}
+
+static int write_desc(int proto, int test_desc_fd,
+		char *a, char *e, char *c, char *ae)
+{
+	struct xfrm_desc desc = {};
+
+	desc.type = CREATE_TUNNEL;
+	desc.proto = proto;
+
+	if (a)
+		strncpy(desc.a_algo, a, ALGO_LEN);
+	if (e)
+		strncpy(desc.e_algo, e, ALGO_LEN);
+	if (c)
+		strncpy(desc.c_algo, c, ALGO_LEN);
+	if (ae)
+		strncpy(desc.ae_algo, ae, ALGO_LEN);
+
+	return write(test_desc_fd, &desc, sizeof(desc)) != sizeof(desc);
+}
+
+int proto_list[] = { IPPROTO_AH, IPPROTO_COMP, IPPROTO_ESP };
+char *ah_list[] = {
+	"digest_null", "hmac(md5)", "hmac(sha1)", "hmac(sha256)",
+	"hmac(sha384)", "hmac(sha512)", "hmac(rmd160)",
+	"xcbc(aes)", "cmac(aes)"
+};
+char *comp_list[] = {
+	"deflate"
+#if 0
+	/* No compression backend realization */
+	"lzs", "lzjh"
+#endif
+};
+char *e_list[] = {
+	"ecb(cipher_null)", "cbc(des)", "cbc(des3_ede)", "cbc(cast5)",
+	"cbc(blowfish)", "cbc(aes)", "cbc(serpent)", "cbc(camellia)",
+	"cbc(twofish)", "rfc3686(ctr(aes))"
+};
+char *ae_list[] = {
+#if 0
+	/* not implemented */
+	"rfc4106(gcm(aes))", "rfc4309(ccm(aes))", "rfc4543(gcm(aes))",
+	"rfc7539esp(chacha20,poly1305)"
+#endif
+};
+
+static int write_proto_plan(int fd, int proto)
+{
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	switch (proto) {
+	case IPPROTO_AH:
+		for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ah_list); i++) {
+			if (write_desc(proto, fd, ah_list[i], 0, 0, 0)) {
+				pr_err("writing test's desc failed");
+				return -1;
+			}
+		}
+		break;
+	case IPPROTO_COMP:
+		for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(comp_list); i++) {
+			if (write_desc(proto, fd, 0, 0, comp_list[i], 0)) {
+				pr_err("writing test's desc failed");
+				return -1;
+			}
+		}
+		break;
+	case IPPROTO_ESP:
+		for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ah_list); i++) {
+			int j;
+
+			for (j = 0; j < ARRAY_SIZE(e_list); j++) {
+				if (write_desc(proto, fd, ah_list[i],
+							e_list[j], 0, 0)) {
+					pr_err("writing test's desc failed");
+					return -1;
+				}
+			}
+		}
+		for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ae_list); i++) {
+			if (write_desc(proto, fd, 0, 0, 0, ae_list[i])) {
+				pr_err("writing test's desc failed");
+				return -1;
+			}
+		}
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("BUG: Specified unknown proto %d", proto);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int write_compat_struct_tests(int test_desc_fd)
+{
+	struct xfrm_desc desc = {};
+
+	desc.type = ALLOCATE_SPI;
+	desc.proto = IPPROTO_AH;
+	strncpy(desc.a_algo, ah_list[0], ALGO_LEN);
+
+	if (write(test_desc_fd, &desc, sizeof(desc)) != sizeof(desc))
+		return -1;
+
+	desc.type = MONITOR_ACQUIRE;
+	if (write(test_desc_fd, &desc, sizeof(desc)) != sizeof(desc))
+		return -1;
+
+	desc.type = EXPIRE_STATE;
+	if (write(test_desc_fd, &desc, sizeof(desc)) != sizeof(desc))
+		return -1;
+
+	desc.type = EXPIRE_POLICY;
+	if (write(test_desc_fd, &desc, sizeof(desc)) != sizeof(desc))
+		return -1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int write_test_plan(int test_desc_fd)
+{
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(proto_list); i++) {
+		if (write_proto_plan(test_desc_fd, proto_list[i]))
+			return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (write_compat_struct_tests(test_desc_fd))
+		return -1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	unsigned int nr_process = 1;
+	int route_sock = -1, ret = 1;
+	int test_desc_fd[2];
+	uint32_t route_seq;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	if (argc > 2)
+		usage_exit(argv);
+
+	if (argc > 1) {
+		char *endptr;
+
+		errno = 0;
+		nr_process = strtol(argv[1], &endptr, 10);
+		if ((errno == ERANGE && (nr_process == LONG_MAX || nr_process == LONG_MIN))
+				|| (errno != 0 && nr_process == 0)
+				|| (endptr == argv[1]) || (*endptr != '\0')) {
+			pr_err("Failed to parse [nr_process]");
+			usage_exit(argv);
+		}
+
+		if (nr_process > MAX_PROCESSES || !nr_process) {
+			pr_err("nr_process should be between [1; %u]", MAX_PROCESSES);
+			usage_exit(argv);
+		}
+	}
+
+	page_size = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
+	if (page_size < 1) {
+		pr_perror("sysconf()");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	if (pipe2(test_desc_fd, O_DIRECT) < 0) {
+		pr_perror("pipe()");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	if (init_namespaces()) {
+		pr_err("Failed to create namespaces");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	if (netlink_sock(&route_sock, &route_seq, NETLINK_ROUTE)) {
+		pr_err("Failed to open netlink route socket");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_process; i++) {
+		char veth[VETH_LEN];
+
+		snprintf(veth, VETH_LEN, VETH_FMT, i);
+
+		if (veth_add(route_sock, route_seq++, veth, nsfd_childa, veth, nsfd_childb)) {
+			pr_err("Failed to create veth device");
+			goto err;
+		}
+
+		if (start_child(i, veth, test_desc_fd)) {
+			pr_err("Child failed to start");
+			goto err;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (close(test_desc_fd[0])) {
+		pr_perror("close()");
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	ret = write_test_plan(test_desc_fd[1]);
+	/* XXX: add wait() */
+err:
+	close(route_sock);
+	return ret;
+}