[13/54] ring-buffer: Redefine the unimplemented RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP
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Message ID TY1PR01MB16927DFFBD9F270919B7B02D96090@TY1PR01MB1692.jpnprd01.prod.outlook.com
State New
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  • Untitled series #12743
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Commit Message

Motai.Hirotaka@aj.MitsubishiElectric.co.jp Aug. 29, 2018, 12:17 p.m. UTC
RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP is defined but not used, and from what I can
gather was reserved for something like an absolute timestamp feature
for the ring buffer, if not a complete replacement of the current
time_delta scheme.

This code redefines RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP to implement absolute time
stamps.  Another way to look at it is that it essentially forces
extended time_deltas for all events.

The motivation for doing this is to enable time_deltas that aren't
dependent on previous events in the ring buffer, making it feasible to
use the ring_buffer_event timetamps in a more random-access way, for
purposes other than serial event printing.

To set/reset this mode, use tracing_set_timestamp_abs() from the
previous interface patch.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/477b362dba1ce7fab9889a1a8e885a62c472f041.1516069914.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com

Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
(cherry picked from commit dc4e2801d400b0346fb281ce9cf010d611e2243c)
Signed-off-by: Hirotaka MOTAI <Motai.Hirotaka@aj.MitsubishiElectric.co.jp>
---
 include/linux/ring_buffer.h |  12 +++--
 kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c  | 104 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
 2 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/linux/ring_buffer.h b/include/linux/ring_buffer.h
index adffb56b..6c2a6b3f 100644
--- a/include/linux/ring_buffer.h
+++ b/include/linux/ring_buffer.h
@@ -29,42 +29,44 @@  struct ring_buffer_event {
  *				 If time_delta is non zero:
  *				  array[0] holds the actual length
  *				  size = 4 + length (bytes)
  *
  * @RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND:	Extend the time delta
  *				 array[0] = time delta (28 .. 59)
  *				 size = 8 bytes
  *
- * @RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP:	Sync time stamp with external clock
- *				 array[0]    = tv_nsec
- *				 array[1..2] = tv_sec
- *				 size = 16 bytes
+ * @RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP:	Absolute timestamp
+ *				 Same format as TIME_EXTEND except that the
+ *				 value is an absolute timestamp, not a delta
+ *				 event.time_delta contains bottom 27 bits
+ *				 array[0] = top (28 .. 59) bits
+ *				 size = 8 bytes
  *
  * <= @RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA_TYPE_LEN_MAX:
  *				Data record
  *				 If type_len is zero:
  *				  array[0] holds the actual length
  *				  array[1..(length+3)/4] holds data
  *				  size = 4 + length (bytes)
  *				 else
  *				  length = type_len << 2
  *				  array[0..(length+3)/4-1] holds data
  *				  size = 4 + length (bytes)
  */
 enum ring_buffer_type {
 	RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA_TYPE_LEN_MAX = 28,
 	RINGBUF_TYPE_PADDING,
 	RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND,
-	/* FIXME: RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP not implemented */
 	RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP,
 };
 
 unsigned ring_buffer_event_length(struct ring_buffer_event *event);
 void *ring_buffer_event_data(struct ring_buffer_event *event);
+u64 ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(struct ring_buffer_event *event);
 
 /*
  * ring_buffer_discard_commit will remove an event that has not
  *   ben committed yet. If this is used, then ring_buffer_unlock_commit
  *   must not be called on the discarded event. This function
  *   will try to remove the event from the ring buffer completely
  *   if another event has not been written after it.
  *
diff --git a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c
index eed0e343..45fc9155 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer.c
@@ -36,16 +36,18 @@  int ring_buffer_print_entry_header(struct trace_seq *s)
 	trace_seq_puts(s, "\ttype_len    :    5 bits\n");
 	trace_seq_puts(s, "\ttime_delta  :   27 bits\n");
 	trace_seq_puts(s, "\tarray       :   32 bits\n");
 	trace_seq_putc(s, '\n');
 	trace_seq_printf(s, "\tpadding     : type == %d\n",
 			 RINGBUF_TYPE_PADDING);
 	trace_seq_printf(s, "\ttime_extend : type == %d\n",
 			 RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND);
+	trace_seq_printf(s, "\ttime_stamp : type == %d\n",
+			 RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP);
 	trace_seq_printf(s, "\tdata max type_len  == %d\n",
 			 RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA_TYPE_LEN_MAX);
 
 	return !trace_seq_has_overflowed(s);
 }
 
 /*
  * The ring buffer is made up of a list of pages. A separate list of pages is
@@ -135,22 +137,25 @@  int ring_buffer_print_entry_header(struct trace_seq *s)
 
 #define RB_ALIGN_DATA		__aligned(RB_ARCH_ALIGNMENT)
 
 /* define RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA for 'case RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA:' */
 #define RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA 0 ... RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA_TYPE_LEN_MAX
 
 enum {
 	RB_LEN_TIME_EXTEND = 8,
-	RB_LEN_TIME_STAMP = 16,
+	RB_LEN_TIME_STAMP =  8,
 };
 
 #define skip_time_extend(event) \
 	((struct ring_buffer_event *)((char *)event + RB_LEN_TIME_EXTEND))
 
+#define extended_time(event) \
+	(event->type_len >= RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND)
+
 static inline int rb_null_event(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
 {
 	return event->type_len == RINGBUF_TYPE_PADDING && !event->time_delta;
 }
 
 static void rb_event_set_padding(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
 {
 	/* padding has a NULL time_delta */
@@ -204,17 +209,17 @@  rb_event_length(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
  * Return total length of time extend and data,
  *   or just the event length for all other events.
  */
 static inline unsigned
 rb_event_ts_length(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
 {
 	unsigned len = 0;
 
-	if (event->type_len == RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND) {
+	if (extended_time(event)) {
 		/* time extends include the data event after it */
 		len = RB_LEN_TIME_EXTEND;
 		event = skip_time_extend(event);
 	}
 	return len + rb_event_length(event);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -226,34 +231,34 @@  rb_event_ts_length(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
  * returns the size of the event itself. With the exception
  * of a TIME EXTEND, where it still returns the size of the
  * data load of the data event after it.
  */
 unsigned ring_buffer_event_length(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
 {
 	unsigned length;
 
-	if (event->type_len == RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND)
+	if (extended_time(event))
 		event = skip_time_extend(event);
 
 	length = rb_event_length(event);
 	if (event->type_len > RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA_TYPE_LEN_MAX)
 		return length;
 	length -= RB_EVNT_HDR_SIZE;
 	if (length > RB_MAX_SMALL_DATA + sizeof(event->array[0]))
                 length -= sizeof(event->array[0]);
 	return length;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ring_buffer_event_length);
 
 /* inline for ring buffer fast paths */
 static __always_inline void *
 rb_event_data(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
 {
-	if (event->type_len == RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND)
+	if (extended_time(event))
 		event = skip_time_extend(event);
 	BUG_ON(event->type_len > RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA_TYPE_LEN_MAX);
 	/* If length is in len field, then array[0] has the data */
 	if (event->type_len)
 		return (void *)&event->array[0];
 	/* Otherwise length is in array[0] and array[1] has the data */
 	return (void *)&event->array[1];
 }
@@ -270,16 +275,37 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ring_buffer_event_data);
 
 #define for_each_buffer_cpu(buffer, cpu)		\
 	for_each_cpu(cpu, buffer->cpumask)
 
 #define TS_SHIFT	27
 #define TS_MASK		((1ULL << TS_SHIFT) - 1)
 #define TS_DELTA_TEST	(~TS_MASK)
 
+/**
+ * ring_buffer_event_time_stamp - return the event's extended timestamp
+ * @event: the event to get the timestamp of
+ *
+ * Returns the extended timestamp associated with a data event.
+ * An extended time_stamp is a 64-bit timestamp represented
+ * internally in a special way that makes the best use of space
+ * contained within a ring buffer event.  This function decodes
+ * it and maps it to a straight u64 value.
+ */
+u64 ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
+{
+	u64 ts;
+
+	ts = event->array[0];
+	ts <<= TS_SHIFT;
+	ts += event->time_delta;
+
+	return ts;
+}
+
 /* Flag when events were overwritten */
 #define RB_MISSED_EVENTS	(1 << 31)
 /* Missed count stored at end */
 #define RB_MISSED_STORED	(1 << 30)
 
 #define RB_MISSED_FLAGS		(RB_MISSED_EVENTS|RB_MISSED_STORED)
 
 struct buffer_data_page {
@@ -2223,22 +2249,25 @@  rb_move_tail(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer,
 	/* reset write */
 	rb_reset_tail(cpu_buffer, tail, info);
 
 	return NULL;
 }
 
 /* Slow path, do not inline */
 static noinline struct ring_buffer_event *
-rb_add_time_stamp(struct ring_buffer_event *event, u64 delta)
+rb_add_time_stamp(struct ring_buffer_event *event, u64 delta, bool abs)
 {
-	event->type_len = RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND;
+	if (abs)
+		event->type_len = RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP;
+	else
+		event->type_len = RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND;
 
-	/* Not the first event on the page? */
-	if (rb_event_index(event)) {
+	/* Not the first event on the page, or not delta? */
+	if (abs || rb_event_index(event)) {
 		event->time_delta = delta & TS_MASK;
 		event->array[0] = delta >> TS_SHIFT;
 	} else {
 		/* nope, just zero it */
 		event->time_delta = 0;
 		event->array[0] = 0;
 	}
 
@@ -2271,17 +2300,19 @@  rb_update_event(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer,
 	if (unlikely(!rb_event_is_commit(cpu_buffer, event)))
 		delta = 0;
 
 	/*
 	 * If we need to add a timestamp, then we
 	 * add it to the start of the resevered space.
 	 */
 	if (unlikely(info->add_timestamp)) {
-		event = rb_add_time_stamp(event, delta);
+		bool abs = ring_buffer_time_stamp_abs(cpu_buffer->buffer);
+
+		event = rb_add_time_stamp(event, info->delta, abs);
 		length -= RB_LEN_TIME_EXTEND;
 		delta = 0;
 	}
 
 	event->time_delta = delta;
 	length -= RB_EVNT_HDR_SIZE;
 	if (length > RB_MAX_SMALL_DATA || RB_FORCE_8BYTE_ALIGNMENT) {
 		event->type_len = 0;
@@ -2459,17 +2490,17 @@  static __always_inline void rb_end_commit(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer
 	    !local_read(&cpu_buffer->committing)) {
 		local_inc(&cpu_buffer->committing);
 		goto again;
 	}
 }
 
 static inline void rb_event_discard(struct ring_buffer_event *event)
 {
-	if (event->type_len == RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND)
+	if (extended_time(event))
 		event = skip_time_extend(event);
 
 	/* array[0] holds the actual length for the discarded event */
 	event->array[0] = rb_event_data_length(event) - RB_EVNT_HDR_SIZE;
 	event->type_len = RINGBUF_TYPE_PADDING;
 	/* time delta must be non zero */
 	if (!event->time_delta)
 		event->time_delta = 1;
@@ -2503,20 +2534,21 @@  rb_update_write_stamp(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer,
 		/*
 		 * A commit event that is first on a page
 		 * updates the write timestamp with the page stamp
 		 */
 		if (!rb_event_index(event))
 			cpu_buffer->write_stamp =
 				cpu_buffer->commit_page->page->time_stamp;
 		else if (event->type_len == RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND) {
-			delta = event->array[0];
-			delta <<= TS_SHIFT;
-			delta += event->time_delta;
+			delta = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
 			cpu_buffer->write_stamp += delta;
+		} else if (event->type_len == RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP) {
+			delta = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
+			cpu_buffer->write_stamp = delta;
 		} else
 			cpu_buffer->write_stamp += event->time_delta;
 	}
 }
 
 static void rb_commit(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer,
 		      struct ring_buffer_event *event)
 {
@@ -2686,17 +2718,17 @@  __rb_reserve_next(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer,
 	/* set write to only the index of the write */
 	write &= RB_WRITE_MASK;
 	tail = write - info->length;
 
 	/*
 	 * If this is the first commit on the page, then it has the same
 	 * timestamp as the page itself.
 	 */
-	if (!tail)
+	if (!tail && !ring_buffer_time_stamp_abs(cpu_buffer->buffer))
 		info->delta = 0;
 
 	/* See if we shot pass the end of this buffer page */
 	if (unlikely(write > BUF_PAGE_SIZE))
 		return rb_move_tail(cpu_buffer, tail, info);
 
 	/* We reserved something on the buffer */
 
@@ -2763,18 +2795,21 @@  rb_reserve_next_event(struct ring_buffer *buffer,
 		goto out_fail;
 
 	info.ts = rb_time_stamp(cpu_buffer->buffer);
 	diff = info.ts - cpu_buffer->write_stamp;
 
 	/* make sure this diff is calculated here */
 	barrier();
 
-	/* Did the write stamp get updated already? */
-	if (likely(info.ts >= cpu_buffer->write_stamp)) {
+	if (ring_buffer_time_stamp_abs(buffer)) {
+		info.delta = info.ts;
+		rb_handle_timestamp(cpu_buffer, &info);
+	} else /* Did the write stamp get updated already? */
+		if (likely(info.ts >= cpu_buffer->write_stamp)) {
 		info.delta = diff;
 		if (unlikely(test_time_stamp(info.delta)))
 			rb_handle_timestamp(cpu_buffer, &info);
 	}
 
 	event = __rb_reserve_next(cpu_buffer, &info);
 
 	if (unlikely(PTR_ERR(event) == -EAGAIN)) {
@@ -3462,24 +3497,23 @@  rb_update_read_stamp(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer,
 {
 	u64 delta;
 
 	switch (event->type_len) {
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_PADDING:
 		return;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND:
-		delta = event->array[0];
-		delta <<= TS_SHIFT;
-		delta += event->time_delta;
+		delta = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
 		cpu_buffer->read_stamp += delta;
 		return;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP:
-		/* FIXME: not implemented */
+		delta = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
+		cpu_buffer->read_stamp = delta;
 		return;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA:
 		cpu_buffer->read_stamp += event->time_delta;
 		return;
 
 	default:
 		BUG();
@@ -3493,24 +3527,23 @@  rb_update_iter_read_stamp(struct ring_buffer_iter *iter,
 {
 	u64 delta;
 
 	switch (event->type_len) {
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_PADDING:
 		return;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND:
-		delta = event->array[0];
-		delta <<= TS_SHIFT;
-		delta += event->time_delta;
+		delta = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
 		iter->read_stamp += delta;
 		return;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP:
-		/* FIXME: not implemented */
+		delta = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
+		iter->read_stamp = delta;
 		return;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA:
 		iter->read_stamp += event->time_delta;
 		return;
 
 	default:
 		BUG();
@@ -3724,16 +3757,18 @@  static int rb_lost_events(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer)
 static struct ring_buffer_event *
 rb_buffer_peek(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer, u64 *ts,
 	       unsigned long *lost_events)
 {
 	struct ring_buffer_event *event;
 	struct buffer_page *reader;
 	int nr_loops = 0;
 
+	if (ts)
+		*ts = 0;
  again:
 	/*
 	 * We repeat when a time extend is encountered.
 	 * Since the time extend is always attached to a data event,
 	 * we should never loop more than once.
 	 * (We never hit the following condition more than twice).
 	 */
 	if (RB_WARN_ON(cpu_buffer, ++nr_loops > 2))
@@ -3760,22 +3795,27 @@  rb_buffer_peek(struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer, u64 *ts,
 		return event;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND:
 		/* Internal data, OK to advance */
 		rb_advance_reader(cpu_buffer);
 		goto again;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP:
-		/* FIXME: not implemented */
+		if (ts) {
+			*ts = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
+			ring_buffer_normalize_time_stamp(cpu_buffer->buffer,
+							 cpu_buffer->cpu, ts);
+		}
+		/* Internal data, OK to advance */
 		rb_advance_reader(cpu_buffer);
 		goto again;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA:
-		if (ts) {
+		if (ts && !(*ts)) {
 			*ts = cpu_buffer->read_stamp + event->time_delta;
 			ring_buffer_normalize_time_stamp(cpu_buffer->buffer,
 							 cpu_buffer->cpu, ts);
 		}
 		if (lost_events)
 			*lost_events = rb_lost_events(cpu_buffer);
 		return event;
 
@@ -3790,16 +3830,19 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ring_buffer_peek);
 static struct ring_buffer_event *
 rb_iter_peek(struct ring_buffer_iter *iter, u64 *ts)
 {
 	struct ring_buffer *buffer;
 	struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer;
 	struct ring_buffer_event *event;
 	int nr_loops = 0;
 
+	if (ts)
+		*ts = 0;
+
 	cpu_buffer = iter->cpu_buffer;
 	buffer = cpu_buffer->buffer;
 
 	/*
 	 * Check if someone performed a consuming read to
 	 * the buffer. A consuming read invalidates the iterator
 	 * and we need to reset the iterator in this case.
 	 */
@@ -3842,22 +3885,27 @@  rb_iter_peek(struct ring_buffer_iter *iter, u64 *ts)
 		return event;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_EXTEND:
 		/* Internal data, OK to advance */
 		rb_advance_iter(iter);
 		goto again;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_TIME_STAMP:
-		/* FIXME: not implemented */
+		if (ts) {
+			*ts = ring_buffer_event_time_stamp(event);
+			ring_buffer_normalize_time_stamp(cpu_buffer->buffer,
+							 cpu_buffer->cpu, ts);
+		}
+		/* Internal data, OK to advance */
 		rb_advance_iter(iter);
 		goto again;
 
 	case RINGBUF_TYPE_DATA:
-		if (ts) {
+		if (ts && !(*ts)) {
 			*ts = iter->read_stamp + event->time_delta;
 			ring_buffer_normalize_time_stamp(buffer,
 							 cpu_buffer->cpu, ts);
 		}
 		return event;
 
 	default:
 		BUG();