[v9,4/6] Btrfs: prevent ioctls from interfering with a swap file
diff mbox series

Message ID edc26a1e824f59a501d086fd0ea05588ccafef30.1538072009.git.osandov@fb.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Btrfs: implement swap file support
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Commit Message

Omar Sandoval Sept. 27, 2018, 6:17 p.m. UTC
From: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>

A later patch will implement swap file support for Btrfs, but before we
do that, we need to make sure that the various Btrfs ioctls cannot
change a swap file.

When a swap file is active, we must make sure that the extents of the
file are not moved and that they don't become shared. That means that
the following are not safe:

- chattr +c (enable compression)
- reflink
- dedupe
- snapshot
- defrag

Don't allow those to happen on an active swap file.

Additionally, balance, resize, device remove, and device replace are
also unsafe if they affect an active swapfile. Add a red-black tree of
block groups and devices which contain an active swapfile. Relocation
checks each block group against this tree and skips it or errors out for
balance or resize, respectively. Device remove and device replace check
the tree for the device they will operate on.

Note that we don't have to worry about chattr -C (disable nocow), which
we ignore for non-empty files, because an active swapfile must be
non-empty and can't be truncated. We also don't have to worry about
autodefrag because it's only done on COW files. Truncate and fallocate
are already taken care of by the generic code. Device add doesn't do
relocation so it's not an issue, either.

Signed-off-by: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/ctree.h       | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c |  8 +++++++
 fs/btrfs/disk-io.c     |  4 ++++
 fs/btrfs/ioctl.c       | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++---
 fs/btrfs/relocation.c  | 18 ++++++++++----
 fs/btrfs/volumes.c     | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 6 files changed, 131 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
index 2cddfe7806a4..08df61b8fc87 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
@@ -716,6 +716,28 @@  struct btrfs_fs_devices;
 struct btrfs_balance_control;
 struct btrfs_delayed_root;
 
+/*
+ * Block group or device which contains an active swapfile. Used for preventing
+ * unsafe operations while a swapfile is active.
+ *
+ * These are sorted on (ptr, inode) (note that a block group or device can
+ * contain more than one swapfile). We compare the pointer values because we
+ * don't actually care what the object is, we just need a quick check whether
+ * the object exists in the rbtree.
+ */
+struct btrfs_swapfile_pin {
+	struct rb_node node;
+	void *ptr;
+	struct inode *inode;
+	/*
+	 * If true, ptr points to a struct btrfs_block_group_cache. Otherwise,
+	 * ptr points to a struct btrfs_device.
+	 */
+	bool is_block_group;
+};
+
+bool btrfs_pinned_by_swapfile(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, void *ptr);
+
 #define BTRFS_FS_BARRIER			1
 #define BTRFS_FS_CLOSING_START			2
 #define BTRFS_FS_CLOSING_DONE			3
@@ -1121,6 +1143,10 @@  struct btrfs_fs_info {
 	u32 sectorsize;
 	u32 stripesize;
 
+	/* Block groups and devices containing active swapfiles. */
+	spinlock_t swapfile_pins_lock;
+	struct rb_root swapfile_pins;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_BTRFS_FS_REF_VERIFY
 	spinlock_t ref_verify_lock;
 	struct rb_root block_tree;
@@ -1286,6 +1312,9 @@  struct btrfs_root {
 	spinlock_t qgroup_meta_rsv_lock;
 	u64 qgroup_meta_rsv_pertrans;
 	u64 qgroup_meta_rsv_prealloc;
+
+	/* Number of active swapfiles */
+	atomic_t nr_swapfiles;
 };
 
 struct btrfs_file_private {
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c b/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
index dec01970d8c5..781006b6fca3 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
@@ -414,6 +414,14 @@  int btrfs_dev_replace_start(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
+	if (btrfs_pinned_by_swapfile(fs_info, src_device)) {
+		btrfs_warn_in_rcu(fs_info,
+	  "cannot replace device %s (devid %llu) due to active swapfile",
+				  btrfs_dev_name(src_device),
+				  src_device->devid);
+		return -ETXTBSY;
+	}
+
 	ret = btrfs_init_dev_replace_tgtdev(fs_info, tgtdev_name,
 					    src_device, &tgt_device);
 	if (ret)
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
index 05dc3c17cb62..2428a73067d2 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
@@ -1188,6 +1188,7 @@  static void __setup_root(struct btrfs_root *root, struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 	refcount_set(&root->refs, 1);
 	atomic_set(&root->will_be_snapshotted, 0);
 	atomic_set(&root->snapshot_force_cow, 0);
+	atomic_set(&root->nr_swapfiles, 0);
 	root->log_transid = 0;
 	root->log_transid_committed = -1;
 	root->last_log_commit = 0;
@@ -2782,6 +2783,9 @@  int open_ctree(struct super_block *sb,
 	fs_info->sectorsize = 4096;
 	fs_info->stripesize = 4096;
 
+	spin_lock_init(&fs_info->swapfile_pins_lock);
+	fs_info->swapfile_pins = RB_ROOT;
+
 	ret = btrfs_alloc_stripe_hash_table(fs_info);
 	if (ret) {
 		err = ret;
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ioctl.c b/fs/btrfs/ioctl.c
index d60b6caf09e8..72f56c1bbc74 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ioctl.c
@@ -290,6 +290,11 @@  static int btrfs_ioctl_setflags(struct file *file, void __user *arg)
 	} else if (fsflags & FS_COMPR_FL) {
 		const char *comp;
 
+		if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) {
+			ret = -ETXTBSY;
+			goto out_unlock;
+		}
+
 		binode->flags |= BTRFS_INODE_COMPRESS;
 		binode->flags &= ~BTRFS_INODE_NOCOMPRESS;
 
@@ -752,6 +757,12 @@  static int create_snapshot(struct btrfs_root *root, struct inode *dir,
 	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_ROOT_REF_COWS, &root->state))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	if (atomic_read(&root->nr_swapfiles)) {
+		btrfs_warn(fs_info,
+			   "cannot snapshot subvolume with active swapfile");
+		return -ETXTBSY;
+	}
+
 	pending_snapshot = kzalloc(sizeof(*pending_snapshot), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!pending_snapshot)
 		return -ENOMEM;
@@ -1503,9 +1514,13 @@  int btrfs_defrag_file(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
 		}
 
 		inode_lock(inode);
-		if (do_compress)
-			BTRFS_I(inode)->defrag_compress = compress_type;
-		ret = cluster_pages_for_defrag(inode, pages, i, cluster);
+		if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) {
+			ret = -ETXTBSY;
+		} else {
+			if (do_compress)
+				BTRFS_I(inode)->defrag_compress = compress_type;
+			ret = cluster_pages_for_defrag(inode, pages, i, cluster);
+		}
 		if (ret < 0) {
 			inode_unlock(inode);
 			goto out_ra;
@@ -3573,6 +3588,11 @@  static int btrfs_extent_same(struct inode *src, u64 loff, u64 olen,
 		goto out_unlock;
 	}
 
+	if (IS_SWAPFILE(src) || IS_SWAPFILE(dst)) {
+		ret = -ETXTBSY;
+		goto out_unlock;
+	}
+
 	tail_len = olen % BTRFS_MAX_DEDUPE_LEN;
 	chunk_count = div_u64(olen, BTRFS_MAX_DEDUPE_LEN);
 	if (chunk_count == 0)
@@ -4269,6 +4289,11 @@  static noinline int btrfs_clone_files(struct file *file, struct file *file_src,
 		goto out_unlock;
 	}
 
+	if (IS_SWAPFILE(src) || IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) {
+		ret = -ETXTBSY;
+		goto out_unlock;
+	}
+
 	/* determine range to clone */
 	ret = -EINVAL;
 	if (off + len > src->i_size || off + len < off)
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
index 8783a1776540..7468a0f55cd2 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
@@ -4226,6 +4226,7 @@  static void describe_relocation(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
  */
 int btrfs_relocate_block_group(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, u64 group_start)
 {
+	struct btrfs_block_group_cache *bg;
 	struct btrfs_root *extent_root = fs_info->extent_root;
 	struct reloc_control *rc;
 	struct inode *inode;
@@ -4234,14 +4235,23 @@  int btrfs_relocate_block_group(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, u64 group_start)
 	int rw = 0;
 	int err = 0;
 
+	bg = btrfs_lookup_block_group(fs_info, group_start);
+	if (!bg)
+		return -ENOENT;
+
+	if (btrfs_pinned_by_swapfile(fs_info, bg)) {
+		btrfs_put_block_group(bg);
+		return -ETXTBSY;
+	}
+
 	rc = alloc_reloc_control();
-	if (!rc)
+	if (!rc) {
+		btrfs_put_block_group(bg);
 		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
 
 	rc->extent_root = extent_root;
-
-	rc->block_group = btrfs_lookup_block_group(fs_info, group_start);
-	BUG_ON(!rc->block_group);
+	rc->block_group = bg;
 
 	ret = btrfs_inc_block_group_ro(rc->block_group);
 	if (ret) {
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/volumes.c b/fs/btrfs/volumes.c
index f4405e430da6..aa37ae30bf62 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/volumes.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/volumes.c
@@ -1882,6 +1882,14 @@  int btrfs_rm_device(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, const char *device_path,
 	if (ret)
 		goto out;
 
+	if (btrfs_pinned_by_swapfile(fs_info, device)) {
+		btrfs_warn_in_rcu(fs_info,
+		  "cannot remove device %s (devid %llu) due to active swapfile",
+				  rcu_str_deref(device->name), device->devid);
+		ret = -ETXTBSY;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
 	if (test_bit(BTRFS_DEV_STATE_REPLACE_TGT, &device->dev_state)) {
 		ret = BTRFS_ERROR_DEV_TGT_REPLACE;
 		goto out;
@@ -3626,10 +3634,15 @@  static int __btrfs_balance(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info)
 
 		ret = btrfs_relocate_chunk(fs_info, found_key.offset);
 		mutex_unlock(&fs_info->delete_unused_bgs_mutex);
-		if (ret && ret != -ENOSPC)
-			goto error;
 		if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
 			enospc_errors++;
+		} else if (ret == -ETXTBSY) {
+			btrfs_info(fs_info,
+	   "skipping relocation of block group %llu due to active swapfile",
+				   found_key.offset);
+			ret = 0;
+		} else if (ret) {
+			goto error;
 		} else {
 			spin_lock(&fs_info->balance_lock);
 			bctl->stat.completed++;
@@ -4426,10 +4439,16 @@  int btrfs_shrink_device(struct btrfs_device *device, u64 new_size)
 
 		ret = btrfs_relocate_chunk(fs_info, chunk_offset);
 		mutex_unlock(&fs_info->delete_unused_bgs_mutex);
-		if (ret && ret != -ENOSPC)
-			goto done;
-		if (ret == -ENOSPC)
+		if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
 			failed++;
+		} else if (ret) {
+			if (ret == -ETXTBSY) {
+				btrfs_warn(fs_info,
+		   "could not shrink block group %llu due to active swapfile",
+					   chunk_offset);
+			}
+			goto done;
+		}
 	} while (key.offset-- > 0);
 
 	if (failed && !retried) {
@@ -7530,3 +7549,27 @@  int btrfs_verify_dev_extents(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info)
 	btrfs_free_path(path);
 	return ret;
 }
+
+/*
+ * Check whether the given block group or device is pinned by any inode being
+ * used as a swapfile.
+ */
+bool btrfs_pinned_by_swapfile(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, void *ptr)
+{
+	struct btrfs_swapfile_pin *sp;
+	struct rb_node *node;
+
+	spin_lock(&fs_info->swapfile_pins_lock);
+	node = fs_info->swapfile_pins.rb_node;
+	while (node) {
+		sp = rb_entry(node, struct btrfs_swapfile_pin, node);
+		if (ptr < sp->ptr)
+			node = node->rb_left;
+		else if (ptr > sp->ptr)
+			node = node->rb_right;
+		else
+			break;
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&fs_info->swapfile_pins_lock);
+	return node != NULL;
+}