[v4,10/12] Add a base implementation of SHA-256 support
diff mbox series

Message ID 20181025024005.154208-11-sandals@crustytoothpaste.net
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Base SHA-256 implementation
Related show

Commit Message

brian m. carlson Oct. 25, 2018, 2:40 a.m. UTC
SHA-1 is weak and we need to transition to a new hash function.  For
some time, we have referred to this new function as NewHash.  Recently,
we decided to pick SHA-256 as NewHash.

Add a basic implementation of SHA-256 based off libtomcrypt, which is in
the public domain.  Optimize it and restructure it to meet our coding
standards.  Pull in the update and final functions from the SHA-1 block
implementation, as we know these function correctly with all compilers.
This implementation is slower than SHA-1, but more performant
implementations will be introduced in future commits.

Wire up SHA-256 in the list of hash algorithms, and add a test that the
algorithm works correctly.

Note that with this patch, it is still not possible to switch to using
SHA-256 in Git.  Additional patches are needed to prepare the code to
handle a larger hash algorithm and further test fixes are needed.

Signed-off-by: brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>
---
 Makefile               |   4 +
 cache.h                |  12 ++-
 hash.h                 |  19 +++-
 sha1-file.c            |  45 +++++++++
 sha256/block/sha256.c  | 201 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 sha256/block/sha256.h  |  26 ++++++
 t/helper/test-sha256.c |   7 ++
 t/helper/test-tool.c   |   1 +
 t/helper/test-tool.h   |   1 +
 t/t0015-hash.sh        |  25 +++++
 10 files changed, 337 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 sha256/block/sha256.c
 create mode 100644 sha256/block/sha256.h
 create mode 100644 t/helper/test-sha256.c

Comments

Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón Oct. 25, 2018, 3:02 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Oct 24, 2018 at 7:41 PM brian m. carlson
<sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> wrote:
> diff --git a/sha256/block/sha256.h b/sha256/block/sha256.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..38f02f7e6c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/sha256/block/sha256.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
> +#ifndef SHA256_BLOCK_SHA256_H
> +#define SHA256_BLOCK_SHA256_H
> +
> +#include "git-compat-util.h"

this shouldn't be needed and might be discouraged as per the
instructions in Documentation/CodingGuidelines

Carlo
Christian Couder Oct. 27, 2018, 9:03 a.m. UTC | #2
On Thu, Oct 25, 2018 at 4:42 AM brian m. carlson
<sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> wrote:

> +static void blk_SHA256_Transform(blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx, const unsigned char *buf)
> +{
> +
> +       uint32_t S[8], W[64], t0, t1;
> +       int i;
> +
> +       /* copy state into S */
> +       for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
> +               S[i] = ctx->state[i];
> +       }

Maybe remove unnecessary brackets above and below.

> +       /* copy the state into 512-bits into W[0..15] */
> +       for (i = 0; i < 16; i++, buf += sizeof(uint32_t)) {
> +               W[i] = get_be32(buf);
> +       }
> +
> +       /* fill W[16..63] */
> +       for (i = 16; i < 64; i++) {
> +               W[i] = gamma1(W[i - 2]) + W[i - 7] + gamma0(W[i - 15]) + W[i - 16];
> +       }

[...]

> +       RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],62,0xbef9a3f7);
> +       RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],63,0xc67178f2);
> +
> +

Spurious new line.

> +       for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
> +               ctx->state[i] = ctx->state[i] + S[i];
> +       }

Maybe remove unnecessary brackets and use "+=", like:

       for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
               ctx->state[i] += S[i];
brian m. carlson Oct. 28, 2018, 3:52 p.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, Oct 24, 2018 at 08:02:55PM -0700, Carlo Arenas wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 24, 2018 at 7:41 PM brian m. carlson
> <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> wrote:
> > diff --git a/sha256/block/sha256.h b/sha256/block/sha256.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000..38f02f7e6c
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/sha256/block/sha256.h
> > @@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
> > +#ifndef SHA256_BLOCK_SHA256_H
> > +#define SHA256_BLOCK_SHA256_H
> > +
> > +#include "git-compat-util.h"
> 
> this shouldn't be needed and might be discouraged as per the
> instructions in Documentation/CodingGuidelines

This may not strictly be needed, but removing it makes the header no
longer self-contained, which blows up my (and others') in-editor
linting.  I think it's okay to add this extra header here to keep it
self-contained, even if we know that it's not going to be absolutely
required.
Junio C Hamano Oct. 29, 2018, 12:39 a.m. UTC | #4
"brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> writes:

>> > +
>> > +#include "git-compat-util.h"
>> 
>> this shouldn't be needed and might be discouraged as per the
>> instructions in Documentation/CodingGuidelines
>
> This may not strictly be needed, but removing it makes the header no
> longer self-contained, which blows up my (and others') in-editor
> linting.

That sounds like bending backwards to please tools, though.  Can't
these in-editor linting learn the local rules of the codebase they
are asked to operate on?
brian m. carlson Oct. 31, 2018, 10:55 p.m. UTC | #5
On Mon, Oct 29, 2018 at 09:39:33AM +0900, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> "brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> writes:
> > This may not strictly be needed, but removing it makes the header no
> > longer self-contained, which blows up my (and others') in-editor
> > linting.
> 
> That sounds like bending backwards to please tools, though.  Can't
> these in-editor linting learn the local rules of the codebase they
> are asked to operate on?

Doing so involves writing (in my case) Vim code to configure settings
for this repo.

Since language linting tools invoke compilers and other language
runtimes, you need to specify command-line arguments to those tools, and
in general, that's not a safe thing you can read from the repository
configuration, since just viewing files should not be able to execute
arbitrary code[0].  Languages such as Perl which can execute arbitrary
code with compile checks have to be enabled explicitly with ALE (which
is what I'm using).

I need to do a reroll to address some other issues people brought up, so
I can remove this line.

[0] Pass "-o .bashrc" to the preprocessor, for example.
Junio C Hamano Nov. 1, 2018, 5:29 a.m. UTC | #6
"brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> writes:

> I need to do a reroll to address some other issues people brought up, so
> I can remove this line.

OK.  I actually do not feel too strongly about this one, by the way.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 68169a7abb..e99b7712f6 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -739,6 +739,7 @@  TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-run-command.o
 TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-scrap-cache-tree.o
 TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-sha1.o
 TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-sha1-array.o
+TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-sha256.o
 TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-sigchain.o
 TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-strcmp-offset.o
 TEST_BUILTINS_OBJS += test-string-list.o
@@ -1633,6 +1634,9 @@  endif
 endif
 endif
 
+LIB_OBJS += sha256/block/sha256.o
+BASIC_CFLAGS += -DSHA256_BLK
+
 ifdef SHA1_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE
 	LIB_OBJS += compat/sha1-chunked.o
 	BASIC_CFLAGS += -DSHA1_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE="$(SHA1_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE)"
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index 9e5d1dd85a..48ce1565e6 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -48,11 +48,17 @@  unsigned long git_deflate_bound(git_zstream *, unsigned long);
 /* The block size of SHA-1. */
 #define GIT_SHA1_BLKSZ 64
 
+/* The length in bytes and in hex digits of an object name (SHA-256 value). */
+#define GIT_SHA256_RAWSZ 32
+#define GIT_SHA256_HEXSZ (2 * GIT_SHA256_RAWSZ)
+/* The block size of SHA-256. */
+#define GIT_SHA256_BLKSZ 64
+
 /* The length in byte and in hex digits of the largest possible hash value. */
-#define GIT_MAX_RAWSZ GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ
-#define GIT_MAX_HEXSZ GIT_SHA1_HEXSZ
+#define GIT_MAX_RAWSZ GIT_SHA256_RAWSZ
+#define GIT_MAX_HEXSZ GIT_SHA256_HEXSZ
 /* The largest possible block size for any supported hash. */
-#define GIT_MAX_BLKSZ GIT_SHA1_BLKSZ
+#define GIT_MAX_BLKSZ GIT_SHA256_BLKSZ
 
 struct object_id {
 	unsigned char hash[GIT_MAX_RAWSZ];
diff --git a/hash.h b/hash.h
index 1bcf7ab6fd..a9bc624020 100644
--- a/hash.h
+++ b/hash.h
@@ -15,6 +15,8 @@ 
 #include "block-sha1/sha1.h"
 #endif
 
+#include "sha256/block/sha256.h"
+
 #ifndef platform_SHA_CTX
 /*
  * platform's underlying implementation of SHA-1; could be OpenSSL,
@@ -34,6 +36,18 @@ 
 #define git_SHA1_Update		platform_SHA1_Update
 #define git_SHA1_Final		platform_SHA1_Final
 
+#ifndef platform_SHA256_CTX
+#define platform_SHA256_CTX	SHA256_CTX
+#define platform_SHA256_Init	SHA256_Init
+#define platform_SHA256_Update	SHA256_Update
+#define platform_SHA256_Final	SHA256_Final
+#endif
+
+#define git_SHA256_CTX		platform_SHA256_CTX
+#define git_SHA256_Init		platform_SHA256_Init
+#define git_SHA256_Update	platform_SHA256_Update
+#define git_SHA256_Final	platform_SHA256_Final
+
 #ifdef SHA1_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE
 #include "compat/sha1-chunked.h"
 #undef git_SHA1_Update
@@ -52,12 +66,15 @@ 
 #define GIT_HASH_UNKNOWN 0
 /* SHA-1 */
 #define GIT_HASH_SHA1 1
+/* SHA-256  */
+#define GIT_HASH_SHA256 2
 /* Number of algorithms supported (including unknown). */
-#define GIT_HASH_NALGOS (GIT_HASH_SHA1 + 1)
+#define GIT_HASH_NALGOS (GIT_HASH_SHA256 + 1)
 
 /* A suitably aligned type for stack allocations of hash contexts. */
 union git_hash_ctx {
 	git_SHA_CTX sha1;
+	git_SHA256_CTX sha256;
 };
 typedef union git_hash_ctx git_hash_ctx;
 
diff --git a/sha1-file.c b/sha1-file.c
index 9bdd04ea45..c97d93a14a 100644
--- a/sha1-file.c
+++ b/sha1-file.c
@@ -40,10 +40,20 @@ 
 #define EMPTY_TREE_SHA1_BIN_LITERAL \
 	 "\x4b\x82\x5d\xc6\x42\xcb\x6e\xb9\xa0\x60" \
 	 "\xe5\x4b\xf8\xd6\x92\x88\xfb\xee\x49\x04"
+#define EMPTY_TREE_SHA256_BIN_LITERAL \
+	"\x6e\xf1\x9b\x41\x22\x5c\x53\x69\xf1\xc1" \
+	"\x04\xd4\x5d\x8d\x85\xef\xa9\xb0\x57\xb5" \
+	"\x3b\x14\xb4\xb9\xb9\x39\xdd\x74\xde\xcc" \
+	"\x53\x21"
 
 #define EMPTY_BLOB_SHA1_BIN_LITERAL \
 	"\xe6\x9d\xe2\x9b\xb2\xd1\xd6\x43\x4b\x8b" \
 	"\x29\xae\x77\x5a\xd8\xc2\xe4\x8c\x53\x91"
+#define EMPTY_BLOB_SHA256_BIN_LITERAL \
+	"\x47\x3a\x0f\x4c\x3b\xe8\xa9\x36\x81\xa2" \
+	"\x67\xe3\xb1\xe9\xa7\xdc\xda\x11\x85\x43" \
+	"\x6f\xe1\x41\xf7\x74\x91\x20\xa3\x03\x72" \
+	"\x18\x13"
 
 const unsigned char null_sha1[GIT_MAX_RAWSZ];
 const struct object_id null_oid;
@@ -53,6 +63,12 @@  static const struct object_id empty_tree_oid = {
 static const struct object_id empty_blob_oid = {
 	EMPTY_BLOB_SHA1_BIN_LITERAL
 };
+static const struct object_id empty_tree_oid_sha256 = {
+	EMPTY_TREE_SHA256_BIN_LITERAL
+};
+static const struct object_id empty_blob_oid_sha256 = {
+	EMPTY_BLOB_SHA256_BIN_LITERAL
+};
 
 static void git_hash_sha1_init(git_hash_ctx *ctx)
 {
@@ -69,6 +85,22 @@  static void git_hash_sha1_final(unsigned char *hash, git_hash_ctx *ctx)
 	git_SHA1_Final(hash, &ctx->sha1);
 }
 
+
+static void git_hash_sha256_init(git_hash_ctx *ctx)
+{
+	git_SHA256_Init(&ctx->sha256);
+}
+
+static void git_hash_sha256_update(git_hash_ctx *ctx, const void *data, size_t len)
+{
+	git_SHA256_Update(&ctx->sha256, data, len);
+}
+
+static void git_hash_sha256_final(unsigned char *hash, git_hash_ctx *ctx)
+{
+	git_SHA256_Final(hash, &ctx->sha256);
+}
+
 static void git_hash_unknown_init(git_hash_ctx *ctx)
 {
 	BUG("trying to init unknown hash");
@@ -110,6 +142,19 @@  const struct git_hash_algo hash_algos[GIT_HASH_NALGOS] = {
 		&empty_tree_oid,
 		&empty_blob_oid,
 	},
+	{
+		"sha256",
+		/* "s256", big-endian */
+		0x73323536,
+		GIT_SHA256_RAWSZ,
+		GIT_SHA256_HEXSZ,
+		GIT_SHA256_BLKSZ,
+		git_hash_sha256_init,
+		git_hash_sha256_update,
+		git_hash_sha256_final,
+		&empty_tree_oid_sha256,
+		&empty_blob_oid_sha256,
+	}
 };
 
 const char *empty_tree_oid_hex(void)
diff --git a/sha256/block/sha256.c b/sha256/block/sha256.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..fa9f80b350
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sha256/block/sha256.c
@@ -0,0 +1,201 @@ 
+#include "git-compat-util.h"
+#include "./sha256.h"
+
+#undef RND
+#undef BLKSIZE
+
+#define BLKSIZE blk_SHA256_BLKSIZE
+
+void blk_SHA256_Init(blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx)
+{
+	ctx->offset = 0;
+	ctx->size = 0;
+	ctx->state[0] = 0x6A09E667UL;
+	ctx->state[1] = 0xBB67AE85UL;
+	ctx->state[2] = 0x3C6EF372UL;
+	ctx->state[3] = 0xA54FF53AUL;
+	ctx->state[4] = 0x510E527FUL;
+	ctx->state[5] = 0x9B05688CUL;
+	ctx->state[6] = 0x1F83D9ABUL;
+	ctx->state[7] = 0x5BE0CD19UL;
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t ror(uint32_t x, unsigned n)
+{
+	return (x >> n) | (x << (32 - n));
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t ch(uint32_t x, uint32_t y, uint32_t z)
+{
+	return (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)));
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t maj(uint32_t x, uint32_t y, uint32_t z)
+{
+	return (((x | y) & z) | (x & y));
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t sigma0(uint32_t x)
+{
+	return ror(x, 2) ^ ror(x, 13) ^ ror(x, 22);
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t sigma1(uint32_t x)
+{
+	return ror(x, 6) ^ ror(x, 11) ^ ror(x, 25);
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t gamma0(uint32_t x)
+{
+	return ror(x, 7) ^ ror(x, 18) ^ (x >> 3);
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t gamma1(uint32_t x)
+{
+	return ror(x, 17) ^ ror(x, 19) ^ (x >> 10);
+}
+
+static void blk_SHA256_Transform(blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx, const unsigned char *buf)
+{
+
+	uint32_t S[8], W[64], t0, t1;
+	int i;
+
+	/* copy state into S */
+	for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
+		S[i] = ctx->state[i];
+	}
+
+	/* copy the state into 512-bits into W[0..15] */
+	for (i = 0; i < 16; i++, buf += sizeof(uint32_t)) {
+		W[i] = get_be32(buf);
+	}
+
+	/* fill W[16..63] */
+	for (i = 16; i < 64; i++) {
+		W[i] = gamma1(W[i - 2]) + W[i - 7] + gamma0(W[i - 15]) + W[i - 16];
+	}
+
+#define RND(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,ki)                    \
+	t0 = h + sigma1(e) + ch(e, f, g) + ki + W[i];   \
+	t1 = sigma0(a) + maj(a, b, c);                  \
+	d += t0;                                        \
+	h  = t0 + t1;
+
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],0,0x428a2f98);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],1,0x71374491);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],2,0xb5c0fbcf);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],3,0xe9b5dba5);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],4,0x3956c25b);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],5,0x59f111f1);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],6,0x923f82a4);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],7,0xab1c5ed5);
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],8,0xd807aa98);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],9,0x12835b01);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],10,0x243185be);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],11,0x550c7dc3);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],12,0x72be5d74);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],13,0x80deb1fe);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],14,0x9bdc06a7);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],15,0xc19bf174);
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],16,0xe49b69c1);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],17,0xefbe4786);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],18,0x0fc19dc6);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],19,0x240ca1cc);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],20,0x2de92c6f);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],21,0x4a7484aa);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],22,0x5cb0a9dc);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],23,0x76f988da);
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],24,0x983e5152);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],25,0xa831c66d);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],26,0xb00327c8);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],27,0xbf597fc7);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],28,0xc6e00bf3);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],29,0xd5a79147);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],30,0x06ca6351);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],31,0x14292967);
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],32,0x27b70a85);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],33,0x2e1b2138);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],34,0x4d2c6dfc);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],35,0x53380d13);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],36,0x650a7354);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],37,0x766a0abb);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],38,0x81c2c92e);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],39,0x92722c85);
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],40,0xa2bfe8a1);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],41,0xa81a664b);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],42,0xc24b8b70);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],43,0xc76c51a3);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],44,0xd192e819);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],45,0xd6990624);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],46,0xf40e3585);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],47,0x106aa070);
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],48,0x19a4c116);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],49,0x1e376c08);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],50,0x2748774c);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],51,0x34b0bcb5);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],52,0x391c0cb3);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],53,0x4ed8aa4a);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],54,0x5b9cca4f);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],55,0x682e6ff3);
+	RND(S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],56,0x748f82ee);
+	RND(S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],57,0x78a5636f);
+	RND(S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],58,0x84c87814);
+	RND(S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],59,0x8cc70208);
+	RND(S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],S[3],60,0x90befffa);
+	RND(S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],S[2],61,0xa4506ceb);
+	RND(S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],S[1],62,0xbef9a3f7);
+	RND(S[1],S[2],S[3],S[4],S[5],S[6],S[7],S[0],63,0xc67178f2);
+
+
+	for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
+		ctx->state[i] = ctx->state[i] + S[i];
+	}
+}
+
+void blk_SHA256_Update(blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx, const void *data, size_t len)
+{
+	unsigned int len_buf = ctx->size & 63;
+
+	ctx->size += len;
+
+	/* Read the data into buf and process blocks as they get full */
+	if (len_buf) {
+		unsigned int left = 64 - len_buf;
+		if (len < left)
+			left = len;
+		memcpy(len_buf + ctx->buf, data, left);
+		len_buf = (len_buf + left) & 63;
+		len -= left;
+		data = ((const char *)data + left);
+		if (len_buf)
+			return;
+		blk_SHA256_Transform(ctx, ctx->buf);
+	}
+	while (len >= 64) {
+		blk_SHA256_Transform(ctx, data);
+		data = ((const char *)data + 64);
+		len -= 64;
+	}
+	if (len)
+		memcpy(ctx->buf, data, len);
+}
+
+void blk_SHA256_Final(unsigned char *digest, blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx)
+{
+	static const unsigned char pad[64] = { 0x80 };
+	unsigned int padlen[2];
+	int i;
+
+	/* Pad with a binary 1 (ie 0x80), then zeroes, then length */
+	padlen[0] = htonl((uint32_t)(ctx->size >> 29));
+	padlen[1] = htonl((uint32_t)(ctx->size << 3));
+
+	i = ctx->size & 63;
+	blk_SHA256_Update(ctx, pad, 1 + (63 & (55 - i)));
+	blk_SHA256_Update(ctx, padlen, 8);
+
+	/* copy output */
+	for (i = 0; i < 8; i++, digest += sizeof(uint32_t))
+		put_be32(digest, ctx->state[i]);
+}
diff --git a/sha256/block/sha256.h b/sha256/block/sha256.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..38f02f7e6c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sha256/block/sha256.h
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@ 
+#ifndef SHA256_BLOCK_SHA256_H
+#define SHA256_BLOCK_SHA256_H
+
+#include "git-compat-util.h"
+
+#define blk_SHA256_BLKSIZE 64
+
+struct blk_SHA256_CTX {
+	uint32_t state[8];
+	uint64_t size;
+	uint32_t offset;
+	uint8_t buf[blk_SHA256_BLKSIZE];
+};
+
+typedef struct blk_SHA256_CTX blk_SHA256_CTX;
+
+void blk_SHA256_Init(blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx);
+void blk_SHA256_Update(blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx, const void *data, size_t len);
+void blk_SHA256_Final(unsigned char *digest, blk_SHA256_CTX *ctx);
+
+#define platform_SHA256_CTX blk_SHA256_CTX
+#define platform_SHA256_Init blk_SHA256_Init
+#define platform_SHA256_Update blk_SHA256_Update
+#define platform_SHA256_Final blk_SHA256_Final
+
+#endif
diff --git a/t/helper/test-sha256.c b/t/helper/test-sha256.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..0ac6a99d5f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/helper/test-sha256.c
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@ 
+#include "test-tool.h"
+#include "cache.h"
+
+int cmd__sha256(int ac, const char **av)
+{
+	return cmd_hash_impl(ac, av, GIT_HASH_SHA256);
+}
diff --git a/t/helper/test-tool.c b/t/helper/test-tool.c
index e009c8186d..2a65193514 100644
--- a/t/helper/test-tool.c
+++ b/t/helper/test-tool.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@  static struct test_cmd cmds[] = {
 	{ "scrap-cache-tree", cmd__scrap_cache_tree },
 	{ "sha1", cmd__sha1 },
 	{ "sha1-array", cmd__sha1_array },
+	{ "sha256", cmd__sha256 },
 	{ "sigchain", cmd__sigchain },
 	{ "strcmp-offset", cmd__strcmp_offset },
 	{ "string-list", cmd__string_list },
diff --git a/t/helper/test-tool.h b/t/helper/test-tool.h
index 19a7e8332a..2e66a8e47b 100644
--- a/t/helper/test-tool.h
+++ b/t/helper/test-tool.h
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@  int cmd__run_command(int argc, const char **argv);
 int cmd__scrap_cache_tree(int argc, const char **argv);
 int cmd__sha1(int argc, const char **argv);
 int cmd__sha1_array(int argc, const char **argv);
+int cmd__sha256(int argc, const char **argv);
 int cmd__sigchain(int argc, const char **argv);
 int cmd__strcmp_offset(int argc, const char **argv);
 int cmd__string_list(int argc, const char **argv);
diff --git a/t/t0015-hash.sh b/t/t0015-hash.sh
index 8e763c2c3d..f8e639743f 100755
--- a/t/t0015-hash.sh
+++ b/t/t0015-hash.sh
@@ -26,4 +26,29 @@  test_expect_success 'test basic SHA-1 hash values' '
 	grep 4b825dc642cb6eb9a060e54bf8d69288fbee4904 actual
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'test basic SHA-256 hash values' '
+	test-tool sha256 </dev/null >actual &&
+	grep e3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855 actual &&
+	printf "a" | test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep ca978112ca1bbdcafac231b39a23dc4da786eff8147c4e72b9807785afee48bb actual &&
+	printf "abc" | test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep ba7816bf8f01cfea414140de5dae2223b00361a396177a9cb410ff61f20015ad actual &&
+	printf "message digest" | test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep f7846f55cf23e14eebeab5b4e1550cad5b509e3348fbc4efa3a1413d393cb650 actual &&
+	printf "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz" | test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep 71c480df93d6ae2f1efad1447c66c9525e316218cf51fc8d9ed832f2daf18b73 actual &&
+	perl -E "for (1..100000) { print q{aaaaaaaaaa}; }" | \
+		test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep cdc76e5c9914fb9281a1c7e284d73e67f1809a48a497200e046d39ccc7112cd0 actual &&
+	perl -E "for (1..100000) { print q{abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz}; }" | \
+		test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep e406ba321ca712ad35a698bf0af8d61fc4dc40eca6bdcea4697962724ccbde35 actual &&
+	printf "blob 0\0" | test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep 473a0f4c3be8a93681a267e3b1e9a7dcda1185436fe141f7749120a303721813 actual &&
+	printf "blob 3\0abc" | test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep c1cf6e465077930e88dc5136641d402f72a229ddd996f627d60e9639eaba35a6 actual &&
+	printf "tree 0\0" | test-tool sha256 >actual &&
+	grep 6ef19b41225c5369f1c104d45d8d85efa9b057b53b14b4b9b939dd74decc5321 actual
+'
+
 test_done