z3fold: fix possible reclaim races
diff mbox series

Message ID 20181105162225.74e8837d03583a9b707cf559@gmail.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • z3fold: fix possible reclaim races
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Commit Message

Vitaly Wool Nov. 5, 2018, 3:22 p.m. UTC
Reclaim and free can race on an object which is basically fine but
in order for reclaim to be able to  map "freed" object we need to
encode object length in the handle. handle_to_chunks() is then
introduced to extract object length from a handle and use it during
mapping.

Moreover, to avoid racing on a z3fold "headless" page release, we
should not try to free that page in z3fold_free() if the reclaim
bit is set. Also, in the unlikely case of trying to reclaim a page
being freed, we should not proceed with that page.

While at it, fix the page accounting in reclaim function.

This patch supersedes "[PATCH] z3fold: fix reclaim lock-ups".

Signed-off-by: Vitaly Wool <vitaly.vul@sony.com>
Reviewed-by: Snild Dolkow <snild@sony.com>

---
 mm/z3fold.c | 101 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 1 file changed, 62 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)

Comments

Andrew Morton Nov. 5, 2018, 11:31 p.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, 5 Nov 2018 16:22:25 +0100 Vitaly Wool <vitalywool@gmail.com> wrote:

> Reclaim and free can race on an object which is basically fine but
> in order for reclaim to be able to  map "freed" object we need to
> encode object length in the handle. handle_to_chunks() is then
> introduced to extract object length from a handle and use it during
> mapping.
> 
> Moreover, to avoid racing on a z3fold "headless" page release, we
> should not try to free that page in z3fold_free() if the reclaim
> bit is set. Also, in the unlikely case of trying to reclaim a page
> being freed, we should not proceed with that page.
> 
> While at it, fix the page accounting in reclaim function.
> 
> This patch supersedes "[PATCH] z3fold: fix reclaim lock-ups".

This conflicts with z3fold-fix-wrong-handling-of-headless-pages.patch,
below.  What should we do?

(I think we're still awaiting your input on this one.  Or I might have
missed an amail.)



From: Jongseok Kim <ks77sj@gmail.com>
Subject: mm/z3fold.c: fix wrong handling of headless pages

During the processing of headless pages in z3fold_reclaim_page(), there
was a problem that the zhdr pointed to another page or a page was already
released in z3fold_free().  So, the wrong page is encoded in headless, or
test_bit does not work properly in z3fold_reclaim_page().  This patch
fixed these problems.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1530853846-30215-1-git-send-email-ks77sj@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Jongseok Kim <ks77sj@gmail.com>
Cc: Vitaly Wool <vitalywool@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 mm/z3fold.c |    8 ++++++--
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/z3fold.c~z3fold-fix-wrong-handling-of-headless-pages
+++ a/mm/z3fold.c
@@ -746,6 +746,9 @@ static void z3fold_free(struct z3fold_po
 	}
 
 	if (bud == HEADLESS) {
+		if (test_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private))
+			return;
+
 		spin_lock(&pool->lock);
 		list_del(&page->lru);
 		spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
@@ -836,20 +839,20 @@ static int z3fold_reclaim_page(struct z3
 		}
 		list_for_each_prev(pos, &pool->lru) {
 			page = list_entry(pos, struct page, lru);
+			zhdr = page_address(page);
 			if (test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private))
 				/* candidate found */
 				break;
 
-			zhdr = page_address(page);
 			if (!z3fold_page_trylock(zhdr))
 				continue; /* can't evict at this point */
 			kref_get(&zhdr->refcount);
 			list_del_init(&zhdr->buddy);
 			zhdr->cpu = -1;
-			set_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
 			break;
 		}
 
+		set_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
 		list_del_init(&page->lru);
 		spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
 
@@ -898,6 +901,7 @@ next:
 		if (test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private)) {
 			if (ret == 0) {
 				free_z3fold_page(page);
+				atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
 				return 0;
 			}
 			spin_lock(&pool->lock);

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/mm/z3fold.c b/mm/z3fold.c
index ff73ef8124bf..5999727ee17c 100644
--- a/mm/z3fold.c
+++ b/mm/z3fold.c
@@ -99,6 +99,7 @@  struct z3fold_header {
 #define NCHUNKS		((PAGE_SIZE - ZHDR_SIZE_ALIGNED) >> CHUNK_SHIFT)
 
 #define BUDDY_MASK	(0x3)
+#define BUDDY_SHIFT	2
 
 /**
  * struct z3fold_pool - stores metadata for each z3fold pool
@@ -145,7 +146,7 @@  enum z3fold_page_flags {
 	MIDDLE_CHUNK_MAPPED,
 	NEEDS_COMPACTING,
 	PAGE_STALE,
-	UNDER_RECLAIM
+	PAGE_CLAIMED, /* by either reclaim or free */
 };
 
 /*****************
@@ -174,7 +175,7 @@  static struct z3fold_header *init_z3fold_page(struct page *page,
 	clear_bit(MIDDLE_CHUNK_MAPPED, &page->private);
 	clear_bit(NEEDS_COMPACTING, &page->private);
 	clear_bit(PAGE_STALE, &page->private);
-	clear_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
+	clear_bit(PAGE_CLAIMED, &page->private);
 
 	spin_lock_init(&zhdr->page_lock);
 	kref_init(&zhdr->refcount);
@@ -223,8 +224,11 @@  static unsigned long encode_handle(struct z3fold_header *zhdr, enum buddy bud)
 	unsigned long handle;
 
 	handle = (unsigned long)zhdr;
-	if (bud != HEADLESS)
-		handle += (bud + zhdr->first_num) & BUDDY_MASK;
+	if (bud != HEADLESS) {
+		handle |= (bud + zhdr->first_num) & BUDDY_MASK;
+		if (bud == LAST)
+			handle |= (zhdr->last_chunks << BUDDY_SHIFT);
+	}
 	return handle;
 }
 
@@ -234,6 +238,12 @@  static struct z3fold_header *handle_to_z3fold_header(unsigned long handle)
 	return (struct z3fold_header *)(handle & PAGE_MASK);
 }
 
+/* only for LAST bud, returns zero otherwise */
+static unsigned short handle_to_chunks(unsigned long handle)
+{
+	return (handle & ~PAGE_MASK) >> BUDDY_SHIFT;
+}
+
 /*
  * (handle & BUDDY_MASK) < zhdr->first_num is possible in encode_handle
  *  but that doesn't matter. because the masking will result in the
@@ -720,37 +730,39 @@  static void z3fold_free(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
 	page = virt_to_page(zhdr);
 
 	if (test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private)) {
-		/* HEADLESS page stored */
-		bud = HEADLESS;
-	} else {
-		z3fold_page_lock(zhdr);
-		bud = handle_to_buddy(handle);
-
-		switch (bud) {
-		case FIRST:
-			zhdr->first_chunks = 0;
-			break;
-		case MIDDLE:
-			zhdr->middle_chunks = 0;
-			zhdr->start_middle = 0;
-			break;
-		case LAST:
-			zhdr->last_chunks = 0;
-			break;
-		default:
-			pr_err("%s: unknown bud %d\n", __func__, bud);
-			WARN_ON(1);
-			z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
-			return;
+		/* if a headless page is under reclaim, just leave.
+		 * NB: we use test_and_set_bit for a reason: if the bit
+		 * has not been set before, we release this page
+		 * immediately so we don't care about its value any more.
+		 */
+		if (!test_and_set_bit(PAGE_CLAIMED, &page->private)) {
+			spin_lock(&pool->lock);
+			list_del(&page->lru);
+			spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
+			free_z3fold_page(page);
+			atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
 		}
+		return;
 	}
 
-	if (bud == HEADLESS) {
-		spin_lock(&pool->lock);
-		list_del(&page->lru);
-		spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
-		free_z3fold_page(page);
-		atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
+	/* Non-headless case */
+	z3fold_page_lock(zhdr);
+	bud = handle_to_buddy(handle);
+
+	switch (bud) {
+	case FIRST:
+		zhdr->first_chunks = 0;
+		break;
+	case MIDDLE:
+		zhdr->middle_chunks = 0;
+		break;
+	case LAST:
+		zhdr->last_chunks = 0;
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("%s: unknown bud %d\n", __func__, bud);
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
 		return;
 	}
 
@@ -758,7 +770,7 @@  static void z3fold_free(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
 		atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
 		return;
 	}
-	if (test_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private)) {
+	if (test_bit(PAGE_CLAIMED, &page->private)) {
 		z3fold_page_unlock(zhdr);
 		return;
 	}
@@ -836,20 +848,30 @@  static int z3fold_reclaim_page(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned int retries)
 		}
 		list_for_each_prev(pos, &pool->lru) {
 			page = list_entry(pos, struct page, lru);
+
+			/* this bit could have been set by free, in which case
+			 * we pass over to the next page in the pool.
+			 */
+			if (test_and_set_bit(PAGE_CLAIMED, &page->private))
+				continue;
+
+			zhdr = page_address(page);
 			if (test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private))
-				/* candidate found */
 				break;
 
-			zhdr = page_address(page);
-			if (!z3fold_page_trylock(zhdr))
+			if (!z3fold_page_trylock(zhdr)) {
+				zhdr = NULL;
 				continue; /* can't evict at this point */
+			}
 			kref_get(&zhdr->refcount);
 			list_del_init(&zhdr->buddy);
 			zhdr->cpu = -1;
-			set_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
 			break;
 		}
 
+		if (!zhdr)
+			break;
+
 		list_del_init(&page->lru);
 		spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
 
@@ -898,6 +920,7 @@  static int z3fold_reclaim_page(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned int retries)
 		if (test_bit(PAGE_HEADLESS, &page->private)) {
 			if (ret == 0) {
 				free_z3fold_page(page);
+				atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
 				return 0;
 			}
 			spin_lock(&pool->lock);
@@ -905,7 +928,7 @@  static int z3fold_reclaim_page(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned int retries)
 			spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
 		} else {
 			z3fold_page_lock(zhdr);
-			clear_bit(UNDER_RECLAIM, &page->private);
+			clear_bit(PAGE_CLAIMED, &page->private);
 			if (kref_put(&zhdr->refcount,
 					release_z3fold_page_locked)) {
 				atomic64_dec(&pool->pages_nr);
@@ -964,7 +987,7 @@  static void *z3fold_map(struct z3fold_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
 		set_bit(MIDDLE_CHUNK_MAPPED, &page->private);
 		break;
 	case LAST:
-		addr += PAGE_SIZE - (zhdr->last_chunks << CHUNK_SHIFT);
+		addr += PAGE_SIZE - (handle_to_chunks(handle) << CHUNK_SHIFT);
 		break;
 	default:
 		pr_err("unknown buddy id %d\n", buddy);