[v10,04/27] PM / Domains: Add genpd governor for CPUs
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Message ID 20181129174700.16585-5-ulf.hansson@linaro.org
State Deferred
Headers show
Series
  • PM / Domains: Support hierarchical CPU arrangement (PSCI/ARM)
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Commit Message

Ulf Hansson Nov. 29, 2018, 5:46 p.m. UTC
As it's now perfectly possible that a PM domain managed by genpd contains
devices belonging to CPUs, we should start to take into account the
residency values for the idle states during the state selection process.
The residency value specifies the minimum duration of time, the CPU or a
group of CPUs, needs to spend in an idle state to not waste energy entering
it.

To deal with this, let's add a new genpd governor, pm_domain_cpu_gov, that
may be used for a PM domain that have CPU devices attached or if the CPUs
are attached through subdomains.

The new governor computes the minimum expected idle duration time for the
online CPUs being attached to the PM domain and its subdomains. Then in the
state selection process, trying the deepest state first, it verifies that
the idle duration time satisfies the state's residency value.

It should be noted that, when computing the minimum expected idle duration
time, we use the information from tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(), to find the
next wakeup for the related CPUs. Future wise, this may deserve to be
improved, as there are more reasons to why a CPU may be woken up from idle.

Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Cc: Lina Iyer <ilina@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Co-developed-by: Lina Iyer <lina.iyer@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
---

Changes in v10:
	- Fold in patch that extended the new genpd CPU governor to cope with
	  QoS constraints, as to avoid confusion.
	- Simplified the code according to suggestions from Rafael.

---
 drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/linux/pm_domain.h            |  3 ++
 2 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Daniel Lezcano Dec. 19, 2018, 9:54 a.m. UTC | #1
On 29/11/2018 18:46, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> As it's now perfectly possible that a PM domain managed by genpd contains
> devices belonging to CPUs, we should start to take into account the
> residency values for the idle states during the state selection process.
> The residency value specifies the minimum duration of time, the CPU or a
> group of CPUs, needs to spend in an idle state to not waste energy entering
> it.
> 
> To deal with this, let's add a new genpd governor, pm_domain_cpu_gov, that
> may be used for a PM domain that have CPU devices attached or if the CPUs
> are attached through subdomains.
> 
> The new governor computes the minimum expected idle duration time for the
> online CPUs being attached to the PM domain and its subdomains. Then in the
> state selection process, trying the deepest state first, it verifies that
> the idle duration time satisfies the state's residency value.
> 
> It should be noted that, when computing the minimum expected idle duration
> time, we use the information from tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(), to find the
> next wakeup for the related CPUs. Future wise, this may deserve to be
> improved, as there are more reasons to why a CPU may be woken up from idle.
> 
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
> Cc: Lina Iyer <ilina@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> Co-developed-by: Lina Iyer <lina.iyer@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> ---
> 
> Changes in v10:
> 	- Fold in patch that extended the new genpd CPU governor to cope with
> 	  QoS constraints, as to avoid confusion.
> 	- Simplified the code according to suggestions from Rafael.
> 
> ---
>  drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  include/linux/pm_domain.h            |  3 ++
>  2 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> index 99896fbf18e4..61a7c3c03c98 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> @@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
>  #include <linux/pm_domain.h>
>  #include <linux/pm_qos.h>
>  #include <linux/hrtimer.h>
> +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
> +#include <linux/ktime.h>
> +#include <linux/tick.h>
>  
>  static int dev_update_qos_constraint(struct device *dev, void *data)
>  {
> @@ -211,8 +214,10 @@ static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
>  	struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
>  	struct gpd_link *link;
>  
> -	if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed)
> +	if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed) {
> +		genpd->state_idx = genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx;
>  		return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
> +	}
>  
>  	/*
>  	 * We have to invalidate the cached results for the masters, so
> @@ -237,6 +242,7 @@ static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
>  		genpd->state_idx--;
>  	}
>  
> +	genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx = genpd->state_idx;
>  	return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
>  }
>  
> @@ -245,6 +251,54 @@ static bool always_on_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *domain)
>  	return false;
>  }
>  
> +static bool cpu_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
> +{
> +	struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
> +	ktime_t domain_wakeup, cpu_wakeup;
> +	s64 idle_duration_ns;
> +	int cpu, i;
> +
> +	/* Validate dev PM QoS constraints. */
> +	if (!default_power_down_ok(pd))
> +		return false;
> +
> +	if (!(genpd->flags & GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN))
> +		return true;

Is it possible to have this function called without the
GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN flag set in the genpd?

> +	/*
> +	 * Find the next wakeup for any of the online CPUs within the PM domain
> +	 * and its subdomains. Note, we only need the genpd->cpus, as it already
> +	 * contains a mask of all CPUs from subdomains.
> +	 */
> +	domain_wakeup = ktime_set(KTIME_SEC_MAX, 0);
> +	for_each_cpu_and(cpu, genpd->cpus, cpu_online_mask) {
> +		cpu_wakeup = tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(cpu);
> +		if (ktime_before(cpu_wakeup, domain_wakeup))
> +			domain_wakeup = cpu_wakeup;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* The minimum idle duration is from now - until the next wakeup. */
> +	idle_duration_ns = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(domain_wakeup, ktime_get()));
> +	if (idle_duration_ns <= 0)
> +		return false;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Find the deepest idle state that has its residency value satisfied
> +	 * and by also taking into account the power off latency for the state.
> +	 * Start at the state picked by the dev PM QoS constraint validation.
> +	 */
> +	i = genpd->state_idx;
> +	do {
> +		if (idle_duration_ns >= (genpd->states[i].residency_ns +
> +		    genpd->states[i].power_off_latency_ns)) {
> +			genpd->state_idx = i;
> +			return true;
> +		}
> +	} while (--i >= 0);
> +
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
>  struct dev_power_governor simple_qos_governor = {
>  	.suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
>  	.power_down_ok = default_power_down_ok,
> @@ -257,3 +311,8 @@ struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_always_on_gov = {
>  	.power_down_ok = always_on_power_down_ok,
>  	.suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
>  };
> +
> +struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_cpu_gov = {
> +	.suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
> +	.power_down_ok = cpu_power_down_ok,
> +};
> diff --git a/include/linux/pm_domain.h b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> index 5a4673605d22..969a9b36c0db 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> @@ -116,6 +116,7 @@ struct generic_pm_domain {
>  	s64 max_off_time_ns;	/* Maximum allowed "suspended" time. */
>  	bool max_off_time_changed;
>  	bool cached_power_down_ok;
> +	bool cached_power_down_state_idx;
>  	int (*attach_dev)(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
>  			  struct device *dev);
>  	void (*detach_dev)(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
> @@ -195,6 +196,7 @@ int dev_pm_genpd_set_performance_state(struct device *dev, unsigned int state);
>  
>  extern struct dev_power_governor simple_qos_governor;
>  extern struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_always_on_gov;
> +extern struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_cpu_gov;
>  #else
>  
>  static inline struct generic_pm_domain_data *dev_gpd_data(struct device *dev)
> @@ -238,6 +240,7 @@ static inline int dev_pm_genpd_set_performance_state(struct device *dev,
>  
>  #define simple_qos_governor		(*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
>  #define pm_domain_always_on_gov		(*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
> +#define pm_domain_cpu_gov		(*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
>  #endif
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_GENERIC_DOMAINS_SLEEP
>
Ulf Hansson Dec. 19, 2018, 10:09 a.m. UTC | #2
On Wed, 19 Dec 2018 at 10:54, Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org> wrote:
>
> On 29/11/2018 18:46, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> > As it's now perfectly possible that a PM domain managed by genpd contains
> > devices belonging to CPUs, we should start to take into account the
> > residency values for the idle states during the state selection process.
> > The residency value specifies the minimum duration of time, the CPU or a
> > group of CPUs, needs to spend in an idle state to not waste energy entering
> > it.
> >
> > To deal with this, let's add a new genpd governor, pm_domain_cpu_gov, that
> > may be used for a PM domain that have CPU devices attached or if the CPUs
> > are attached through subdomains.
> >
> > The new governor computes the minimum expected idle duration time for the
> > online CPUs being attached to the PM domain and its subdomains. Then in the
> > state selection process, trying the deepest state first, it verifies that
> > the idle duration time satisfies the state's residency value.
> >
> > It should be noted that, when computing the minimum expected idle duration
> > time, we use the information from tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(), to find the
> > next wakeup for the related CPUs. Future wise, this may deserve to be
> > improved, as there are more reasons to why a CPU may be woken up from idle.
> >
> > Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> > Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
> > Cc: Lina Iyer <ilina@codeaurora.org>
> > Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> > Co-developed-by: Lina Iyer <lina.iyer@linaro.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> > ---
> >
> > Changes in v10:
> >       - Fold in patch that extended the new genpd CPU governor to cope with
> >         QoS constraints, as to avoid confusion.
> >       - Simplified the code according to suggestions from Rafael.
> >
> > ---
> >  drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> >  include/linux/pm_domain.h            |  3 ++
> >  2 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> > index 99896fbf18e4..61a7c3c03c98 100644
> > --- a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> > +++ b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> > @@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
> >  #include <linux/pm_domain.h>
> >  #include <linux/pm_qos.h>
> >  #include <linux/hrtimer.h>
> > +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
> > +#include <linux/ktime.h>
> > +#include <linux/tick.h>
> >
> >  static int dev_update_qos_constraint(struct device *dev, void *data)
> >  {
> > @@ -211,8 +214,10 @@ static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
> >       struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
> >       struct gpd_link *link;
> >
> > -     if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed)
> > +     if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed) {
> > +             genpd->state_idx = genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx;
> >               return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
> > +     }
> >
> >       /*
> >        * We have to invalidate the cached results for the masters, so
> > @@ -237,6 +242,7 @@ static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
> >               genpd->state_idx--;
> >       }
> >
> > +     genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx = genpd->state_idx;
> >       return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
> >  }
> >
> > @@ -245,6 +251,54 @@ static bool always_on_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *domain)
> >       return false;
> >  }
> >
> > +static bool cpu_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
> > +{
> > +     struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
> > +     ktime_t domain_wakeup, cpu_wakeup;
> > +     s64 idle_duration_ns;
> > +     int cpu, i;
> > +
> > +     /* Validate dev PM QoS constraints. */
> > +     if (!default_power_down_ok(pd))
> > +             return false;
> > +
> > +     if (!(genpd->flags & GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN))
> > +             return true;
>
> Is it possible to have this function called without the
> GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN flag set in the genpd?

Theoretically yes, however in practice, probably not.

Do note, if the GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN isn't set, then we haven't
allocated the cpumask for the genpd, so then we shouldn't use it.

>
> > +     /*
> > +      * Find the next wakeup for any of the online CPUs within the PM domain
> > +      * and its subdomains. Note, we only need the genpd->cpus, as it already
> > +      * contains a mask of all CPUs from subdomains.
> > +      */
> > +     domain_wakeup = ktime_set(KTIME_SEC_MAX, 0);
> > +     for_each_cpu_and(cpu, genpd->cpus, cpu_online_mask) {
> > +             cpu_wakeup = tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(cpu);
> > +             if (ktime_before(cpu_wakeup, domain_wakeup))
> > +                     domain_wakeup = cpu_wakeup;
> > +     }
> > +

[...]

Kind regards
Uffe

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
index 99896fbf18e4..61a7c3c03c98 100644
--- a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
+++ b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
@@ -10,6 +10,9 @@ 
 #include <linux/pm_domain.h>
 #include <linux/pm_qos.h>
 #include <linux/hrtimer.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/tick.h>
 
 static int dev_update_qos_constraint(struct device *dev, void *data)
 {
@@ -211,8 +214,10 @@  static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
 	struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
 	struct gpd_link *link;
 
-	if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed)
+	if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed) {
+		genpd->state_idx = genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx;
 		return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * We have to invalidate the cached results for the masters, so
@@ -237,6 +242,7 @@  static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
 		genpd->state_idx--;
 	}
 
+	genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx = genpd->state_idx;
 	return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
 }
 
@@ -245,6 +251,54 @@  static bool always_on_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *domain)
 	return false;
 }
 
+static bool cpu_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
+{
+	struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
+	ktime_t domain_wakeup, cpu_wakeup;
+	s64 idle_duration_ns;
+	int cpu, i;
+
+	/* Validate dev PM QoS constraints. */
+	if (!default_power_down_ok(pd))
+		return false;
+
+	if (!(genpd->flags & GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN))
+		return true;
+
+	/*
+	 * Find the next wakeup for any of the online CPUs within the PM domain
+	 * and its subdomains. Note, we only need the genpd->cpus, as it already
+	 * contains a mask of all CPUs from subdomains.
+	 */
+	domain_wakeup = ktime_set(KTIME_SEC_MAX, 0);
+	for_each_cpu_and(cpu, genpd->cpus, cpu_online_mask) {
+		cpu_wakeup = tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(cpu);
+		if (ktime_before(cpu_wakeup, domain_wakeup))
+			domain_wakeup = cpu_wakeup;
+	}
+
+	/* The minimum idle duration is from now - until the next wakeup. */
+	idle_duration_ns = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(domain_wakeup, ktime_get()));
+	if (idle_duration_ns <= 0)
+		return false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Find the deepest idle state that has its residency value satisfied
+	 * and by also taking into account the power off latency for the state.
+	 * Start at the state picked by the dev PM QoS constraint validation.
+	 */
+	i = genpd->state_idx;
+	do {
+		if (idle_duration_ns >= (genpd->states[i].residency_ns +
+		    genpd->states[i].power_off_latency_ns)) {
+			genpd->state_idx = i;
+			return true;
+		}
+	} while (--i >= 0);
+
+	return false;
+}
+
 struct dev_power_governor simple_qos_governor = {
 	.suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
 	.power_down_ok = default_power_down_ok,
@@ -257,3 +311,8 @@  struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_always_on_gov = {
 	.power_down_ok = always_on_power_down_ok,
 	.suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
 };
+
+struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_cpu_gov = {
+	.suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
+	.power_down_ok = cpu_power_down_ok,
+};
diff --git a/include/linux/pm_domain.h b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
index 5a4673605d22..969a9b36c0db 100644
--- a/include/linux/pm_domain.h
+++ b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
@@ -116,6 +116,7 @@  struct generic_pm_domain {
 	s64 max_off_time_ns;	/* Maximum allowed "suspended" time. */
 	bool max_off_time_changed;
 	bool cached_power_down_ok;
+	bool cached_power_down_state_idx;
 	int (*attach_dev)(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
 			  struct device *dev);
 	void (*detach_dev)(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
@@ -195,6 +196,7 @@  int dev_pm_genpd_set_performance_state(struct device *dev, unsigned int state);
 
 extern struct dev_power_governor simple_qos_governor;
 extern struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_always_on_gov;
+extern struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_cpu_gov;
 #else
 
 static inline struct generic_pm_domain_data *dev_gpd_data(struct device *dev)
@@ -238,6 +240,7 @@  static inline int dev_pm_genpd_set_performance_state(struct device *dev,
 
 #define simple_qos_governor		(*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
 #define pm_domain_always_on_gov		(*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
+#define pm_domain_cpu_gov		(*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
 #endif
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PM_GENERIC_DOMAINS_SLEEP