[v2,1/5] compat/obstack: fix -Wcast-function-type warnings
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Message ID 20190117012913.30562-2-szeder.dev@gmail.com
State New
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Series
  • travis-ci: build with the right compiler
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Commit Message

SZEDER Gábor Jan. 17, 2019, 1:29 a.m. UTC
GCC 8 introduced the new -Wcast-function-type warning, which is
implied by -Wextra (which, in turn is enabled in our DEVELOPER flags).
When building Git with GCC 8 and this warning enabled on a non-glibc
platform [1], one is greeted with a screenful of compiler
warnings/errors:

  compat/obstack.c: In function '_obstack_begin':
  compat/obstack.c:162:17: error: cast between incompatible function types from 'void * (*)(long int)' to 'struct _obstack_chunk * (*)(void *, long int)' [-Werror=cast-function-type]
     h->chunkfun = (struct _obstack_chunk * (*)(void *, long)) chunkfun;
                   ^
  compat/obstack.c:163:16: error: cast between incompatible function types from 'void (*)(void *)' to 'void (*)(void *, struct _obstack_chunk *)' [-Werror=cast-function-type]
     h->freefun = (void (*) (void *, struct _obstack_chunk *)) freefun;
                  ^
  compat/obstack.c:116:8: error: cast between incompatible function types from 'struct _obstack_chunk * (*)(void *, long int)' to 'struct _obstack_chunk * (*)(long int)' [-Werror=cast-function-type]
      : (*(struct _obstack_chunk *(*) (long)) (h)->chunkfun) ((size)))
          ^
  compat/obstack.c:168:22: note: in expansion of macro 'CALL_CHUNKFUN'
     chunk = h->chunk = CALL_CHUNKFUN (h, h -> chunk_size);
                        ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
  <snip>

'struct obstack' stores pointers to two functions to allocate and free
"chunks", and depending on how obstack is used, these functions take
either one parameter (like standard malloc() and free() do; this is
how we use it in 'kwset.c') or two parameters.  Presumably to reduce
memory footprint, a single field is used to store the function pointer
for both signatures, and then it's casted to the appropriate signature
when the function pointer is accessed.  These casts between function
pointers with different number of parameters are what trigger those
compiler errors.

Modify 'struct obstack' to use unions to store function pointers with
different signatures, and then use the union member with the
appropriate signature when accessing these function pointers.  This
eliminates the need for those casts, and thus avoids this compiler
error.

[1] Compiling 'compat/obstack.c' on a platform with glibc is sort of
    a noop, see the comment before '#  define ELIDE_CODE', so this is
    not an issue on common Linux distros.

Signed-off-by: SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com>
---
 compat/obstack.c | 17 +++++++++--------
 compat/obstack.h | 18 +++++++++++-------
 2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/compat/obstack.c b/compat/obstack.c
index 4d1d95beeb..27cd5c1ea1 100644
--- a/compat/obstack.c
+++ b/compat/obstack.c
@@ -112,15 +112,15 @@  compat_symbol (libc, _obstack_compat, _obstack, GLIBC_2_0);
 
 # define CALL_CHUNKFUN(h, size) \
   (((h) -> use_extra_arg) \
-   ? (*(h)->chunkfun) ((h)->extra_arg, (size)) \
-   : (*(struct _obstack_chunk *(*) (long)) (h)->chunkfun) ((size)))
+   ? (*(h)->chunkfun.extra) ((h)->extra_arg, (size)) \
+   : (*(h)->chunkfun.plain) ((size)))
 
 # define CALL_FREEFUN(h, old_chunk) \
   do { \
     if ((h) -> use_extra_arg) \
-      (*(h)->freefun) ((h)->extra_arg, (old_chunk)); \
+      (*(h)->freefun.extra) ((h)->extra_arg, (old_chunk)); \
     else \
-      (*(void (*) (void *)) (h)->freefun) ((old_chunk)); \
+      (*(h)->freefun.plain) ((old_chunk)); \
   } while (0)
 
 
@@ -159,8 +159,8 @@  _obstack_begin (struct obstack *h,
       size = 4096 - extra;
     }
 
-  h->chunkfun = (struct _obstack_chunk * (*)(void *, long)) chunkfun;
-  h->freefun = (void (*) (void *, struct _obstack_chunk *)) freefun;
+  h->chunkfun.plain = chunkfun;
+  h->freefun.plain = freefun;
   h->chunk_size = size;
   h->alignment_mask = alignment - 1;
   h->use_extra_arg = 0;
@@ -206,8 +206,9 @@  _obstack_begin_1 (struct obstack *h, int size, int alignment,
       size = 4096 - extra;
     }
 
-  h->chunkfun = (struct _obstack_chunk * (*)(void *,long)) chunkfun;
-  h->freefun = (void (*) (void *, struct _obstack_chunk *)) freefun;
+  h->chunkfun.extra = (struct _obstack_chunk * (*)(void *,long)) chunkfun;
+  h->freefun.extra = (void (*) (void *, struct _obstack_chunk *)) freefun;
+
   h->chunk_size = size;
   h->alignment_mask = alignment - 1;
   h->extra_arg = arg;
diff --git a/compat/obstack.h b/compat/obstack.h
index 6bc24b7644..ced94d0118 100644
--- a/compat/obstack.h
+++ b/compat/obstack.h
@@ -160,11 +160,15 @@  struct obstack		/* control current object in current chunk */
     void *tempptr;
   } temp;			/* Temporary for some macros.  */
   int   alignment_mask;		/* Mask of alignment for each object. */
-  /* These prototypes vary based on `use_extra_arg', and we use
-     casts to the prototypeless function type in all assignments,
-     but having prototypes here quiets -Wstrict-prototypes.  */
-  struct _obstack_chunk *(*chunkfun) (void *, long);
-  void (*freefun) (void *, struct _obstack_chunk *);
+  /* These prototypes vary based on `use_extra_arg'. */
+  union {
+    void *(*plain) (long);
+    struct _obstack_chunk *(*extra) (void *, long);
+  } chunkfun;
+  union {
+    void (*plain) (void *);
+    void (*extra) (void *, struct _obstack_chunk *);
+  } freefun;
   void *extra_arg;		/* first arg for chunk alloc/dealloc funcs */
   unsigned use_extra_arg:1;	/* chunk alloc/dealloc funcs take extra arg */
   unsigned maybe_empty_object:1;/* There is a possibility that the current
@@ -235,10 +239,10 @@  extern void (*obstack_alloc_failed_handler) (void);
 		    (void (*) (void *, void *)) (freefun), (arg))
 
 #define obstack_chunkfun(h, newchunkfun) \
-  ((h) -> chunkfun = (struct _obstack_chunk *(*)(void *, long)) (newchunkfun))
+  ((h)->chunkfun.extra = (struct _obstack_chunk *(*)(void *, long)) (newchunkfun))
 
 #define obstack_freefun(h, newfreefun) \
-  ((h) -> freefun = (void (*)(void *, struct _obstack_chunk *)) (newfreefun))
+  ((h)->freefun.extra = (void (*)(void *, struct _obstack_chunk *)) (newfreefun))
 
 #define obstack_1grow_fast(h,achar) (*((h)->next_free)++ = (achar))