[v3,2/2] mm, oom: remove 'prefer children over parent' heuristic
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190121215850.221745-2-shakeelb@google.com
State New
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Series
  • Untitled series #69425
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Commit Message

Shakeel Butt Jan. 21, 2019, 9:58 p.m. UTC
From the start of the git history of Linux, the kernel after selecting
the worst process to be oom-killed, prefer to kill its child (if the
child does not share mm with the parent). Later it was changed to prefer
to kill a child who is worst. If the parent is still the worst then the
parent will be killed.

This heuristic assumes that the children did less work than their parent
and by killing one of them, the work lost will be less. However this is
very workload dependent. If there is a workload which can benefit from
this heuristic, can use oom_score_adj to prefer children to be killed
before the parent.

The select_bad_process() has already selected the worst process in the
system/memcg. There is no need to recheck the badness of its children
and hoping to find a worse candidate. That's a lot of unneeded racy
work. Also the heuristic is dangerous because it make fork bomb like
workloads to recover much later because we constantly pick and kill
processes which are not memory hogs. So, let's remove this whole
heuristic.

Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org

---
Changelog since v2:
- Propagate the message to __oom_kill_process().

Changelog since v1:
- Improved commit message based on mhocko's comment.
- Replaced 'p' with 'victim'.
- Removed extra pr_err message.

---
 mm/oom_kill.c | 78 ++++++++++++---------------------------------------
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

Comments

Shakeel Butt Jan. 22, 2019, 2:41 a.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Jan 21, 2019 at 1:59 PM Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com> wrote:
>
> From the start of the git history of Linux, the kernel after selecting
> the worst process to be oom-killed, prefer to kill its child (if the
> child does not share mm with the parent). Later it was changed to prefer
> to kill a child who is worst. If the parent is still the worst then the
> parent will be killed.
>
> This heuristic assumes that the children did less work than their parent
> and by killing one of them, the work lost will be less. However this is
> very workload dependent. If there is a workload which can benefit from
> this heuristic, can use oom_score_adj to prefer children to be killed
> before the parent.
>
> The select_bad_process() has already selected the worst process in the
> system/memcg. There is no need to recheck the badness of its children
> and hoping to find a worse candidate. That's a lot of unneeded racy
> work. Also the heuristic is dangerous because it make fork bomb like
> workloads to recover much later because we constantly pick and kill
> processes which are not memory hogs. So, let's remove this whole
> heuristic.
>
> Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

Michal, though I have kept your Acked-by but I have made a couple of
changes in the code. Please let me know if you are ok with the
changes.

> Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp>
> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
>
> ---
> Changelog since v2:
> - Propagate the message to __oom_kill_process().
>
> Changelog since v1:
> - Improved commit message based on mhocko's comment.
> - Replaced 'p' with 'victim'.
> - Removed extra pr_err message.
>
> ---
>  mm/oom_kill.c | 78 ++++++++++++---------------------------------------
>  1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
> index 1a007dae1e8f..c90184fd48a3 100644
> --- a/mm/oom_kill.c
> +++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
> @@ -843,7 +843,7 @@ static bool task_will_free_mem(struct task_struct *task)
>         return ret;
>  }
>
> -static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
> +static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim, const char *message)
>  {
>         struct task_struct *p;
>         struct mm_struct *mm;
> @@ -874,8 +874,9 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
>          */
>         do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, victim, PIDTYPE_TGID);
>         mark_oom_victim(victim);
> -       pr_err("Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
> -               task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm, K(victim->mm->total_vm),
> +       pr_err("%s: Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
> +               message, task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm,
> +               K(victim->mm->total_vm),
>                 K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_ANONPAGES)),
>                 K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_FILEPAGES)),
>                 K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES)));
> @@ -932,24 +933,19 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
>   * Kill provided task unless it's secured by setting
>   * oom_score_adj to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN.
>   */
> -static int oom_kill_memcg_member(struct task_struct *task, void *unused)
> +static int oom_kill_memcg_member(struct task_struct *task, void *message)
>  {
>         if (task->signal->oom_score_adj != OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN) {
>                 get_task_struct(task);
> -               __oom_kill_process(task);
> +               __oom_kill_process(task, message);
>         }
>         return 0;
>  }
>
>  static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
>  {
> -       struct task_struct *p = oc->chosen;
> -       unsigned int points = oc->chosen_points;
> -       struct task_struct *victim = p;
> -       struct task_struct *child;
> -       struct task_struct *t;
> +       struct task_struct *victim = oc->chosen;
>         struct mem_cgroup *oom_group;
> -       unsigned int victim_points = 0;
>         static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(oom_rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
>                                               DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
>
> @@ -958,57 +954,18 @@ static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
>          * its children or threads, just give it access to memory reserves
>          * so it can die quickly
>          */
> -       task_lock(p);
> -       if (task_will_free_mem(p)) {
> -               mark_oom_victim(p);
> -               wake_oom_reaper(p);
> -               task_unlock(p);
> -               put_task_struct(p);
> +       task_lock(victim);
> +       if (task_will_free_mem(victim)) {
> +               mark_oom_victim(victim);
> +               wake_oom_reaper(victim);
> +               task_unlock(victim);
> +               put_task_struct(victim);
>                 return;
>         }
> -       task_unlock(p);
> +       task_unlock(victim);
>
>         if (__ratelimit(&oom_rs))
> -               dump_header(oc, p);
> -
> -       pr_err("%s: Kill process %d (%s) score %u or sacrifice child\n",
> -               message, task_pid_nr(p), p->comm, points);
> -
> -       /*
> -        * If any of p's children has a different mm and is eligible for kill,
> -        * the one with the highest oom_badness() score is sacrificed for its
> -        * parent.  This attempts to lose the minimal amount of work done while
> -        * still freeing memory.
> -        */
> -       read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
> -
> -       /*
> -        * The task 'p' might have already exited before reaching here. The
> -        * put_task_struct() will free task_struct 'p' while the loop still try
> -        * to access the field of 'p', so, get an extra reference.
> -        */
> -       get_task_struct(p);
> -       for_each_thread(p, t) {
> -               list_for_each_entry(child, &t->children, sibling) {
> -                       unsigned int child_points;
> -
> -                       if (process_shares_mm(child, p->mm))
> -                               continue;
> -                       /*
> -                        * oom_badness() returns 0 if the thread is unkillable
> -                        */
> -                       child_points = oom_badness(child,
> -                               oc->memcg, oc->nodemask, oc->totalpages);
> -                       if (child_points > victim_points) {
> -                               put_task_struct(victim);
> -                               victim = child;
> -                               victim_points = child_points;
> -                               get_task_struct(victim);
> -                       }
> -               }
> -       }
> -       put_task_struct(p);
> -       read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
> +               dump_header(oc, victim);
>
>         /*
>          * Do we need to kill the entire memory cgroup?
> @@ -1017,14 +974,15 @@ static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
>          */
>         oom_group = mem_cgroup_get_oom_group(victim, oc->memcg);
>
> -       __oom_kill_process(victim);
> +       __oom_kill_process(victim, message);
>
>         /*
>          * If necessary, kill all tasks in the selected memory cgroup.
>          */
>         if (oom_group) {
>                 mem_cgroup_print_oom_group(oom_group);
> -               mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oom_group, oom_kill_memcg_member, NULL);
> +               mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oom_group, oom_kill_memcg_member,
> +                                     (void*) message);
>                 mem_cgroup_put(oom_group);
>         }
>  }
> --
> 2.20.1.321.g9e740568ce-goog
>
Michal Hocko Jan. 22, 2019, 8:52 a.m. UTC | #2
On Mon 21-01-19 18:41:28, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 21, 2019 at 1:59 PM Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > From the start of the git history of Linux, the kernel after selecting
> > the worst process to be oom-killed, prefer to kill its child (if the
> > child does not share mm with the parent). Later it was changed to prefer
> > to kill a child who is worst. If the parent is still the worst then the
> > parent will be killed.
> >
> > This heuristic assumes that the children did less work than their parent
> > and by killing one of them, the work lost will be less. However this is
> > very workload dependent. If there is a workload which can benefit from
> > this heuristic, can use oom_score_adj to prefer children to be killed
> > before the parent.
> >
> > The select_bad_process() has already selected the worst process in the
> > system/memcg. There is no need to recheck the badness of its children
> > and hoping to find a worse candidate. That's a lot of unneeded racy
> > work. Also the heuristic is dangerous because it make fork bomb like
> > workloads to recover much later because we constantly pick and kill
> > processes which are not memory hogs. So, let's remove this whole
> > heuristic.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
> > Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> 
> Michal, though I have kept your Acked-by but I have made a couple of
> changes in the code. Please let me know if you are ok with the
> changes.

So the only change I can see is that we no longer print the score of the
selected oom victim and that each killed task gets the oom scope prefix.
I cannot think of anybody relying on the former and the later makes
sense to me. So yeah, I am still OK with the resulting code.

> > Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
> > Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> > Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
> > Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> > Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp>
> > Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> > Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> >
> > ---
> > Changelog since v2:
> > - Propagate the message to __oom_kill_process().
> >
> > Changelog since v1:
> > - Improved commit message based on mhocko's comment.
> > - Replaced 'p' with 'victim'.
> > - Removed extra pr_err message.
> >
> > ---
> >  mm/oom_kill.c | 78 ++++++++++++---------------------------------------
> >  1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
> > index 1a007dae1e8f..c90184fd48a3 100644
> > --- a/mm/oom_kill.c
> > +++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
> > @@ -843,7 +843,7 @@ static bool task_will_free_mem(struct task_struct *task)
> >         return ret;
> >  }
> >
> > -static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
> > +static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim, const char *message)
> >  {
> >         struct task_struct *p;
> >         struct mm_struct *mm;
> > @@ -874,8 +874,9 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
> >          */
> >         do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, victim, PIDTYPE_TGID);
> >         mark_oom_victim(victim);
> > -       pr_err("Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
> > -               task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm, K(victim->mm->total_vm),
> > +       pr_err("%s: Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
> > +               message, task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm,
> > +               K(victim->mm->total_vm),
> >                 K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_ANONPAGES)),
> >                 K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_FILEPAGES)),
> >                 K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES)));
> > @@ -932,24 +933,19 @@ static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
> >   * Kill provided task unless it's secured by setting
> >   * oom_score_adj to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN.
> >   */
> > -static int oom_kill_memcg_member(struct task_struct *task, void *unused)
> > +static int oom_kill_memcg_member(struct task_struct *task, void *message)
> >  {
> >         if (task->signal->oom_score_adj != OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN) {
> >                 get_task_struct(task);
> > -               __oom_kill_process(task);
> > +               __oom_kill_process(task, message);
> >         }
> >         return 0;
> >  }
> >
> >  static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
> >  {
> > -       struct task_struct *p = oc->chosen;
> > -       unsigned int points = oc->chosen_points;
> > -       struct task_struct *victim = p;
> > -       struct task_struct *child;
> > -       struct task_struct *t;
> > +       struct task_struct *victim = oc->chosen;
> >         struct mem_cgroup *oom_group;
> > -       unsigned int victim_points = 0;
> >         static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(oom_rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
> >                                               DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
> >
> > @@ -958,57 +954,18 @@ static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
> >          * its children or threads, just give it access to memory reserves
> >          * so it can die quickly
> >          */
> > -       task_lock(p);
> > -       if (task_will_free_mem(p)) {
> > -               mark_oom_victim(p);
> > -               wake_oom_reaper(p);
> > -               task_unlock(p);
> > -               put_task_struct(p);
> > +       task_lock(victim);
> > +       if (task_will_free_mem(victim)) {
> > +               mark_oom_victim(victim);
> > +               wake_oom_reaper(victim);
> > +               task_unlock(victim);
> > +               put_task_struct(victim);
> >                 return;
> >         }
> > -       task_unlock(p);
> > +       task_unlock(victim);
> >
> >         if (__ratelimit(&oom_rs))
> > -               dump_header(oc, p);
> > -
> > -       pr_err("%s: Kill process %d (%s) score %u or sacrifice child\n",
> > -               message, task_pid_nr(p), p->comm, points);
> > -
> > -       /*
> > -        * If any of p's children has a different mm and is eligible for kill,
> > -        * the one with the highest oom_badness() score is sacrificed for its
> > -        * parent.  This attempts to lose the minimal amount of work done while
> > -        * still freeing memory.
> > -        */
> > -       read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
> > -
> > -       /*
> > -        * The task 'p' might have already exited before reaching here. The
> > -        * put_task_struct() will free task_struct 'p' while the loop still try
> > -        * to access the field of 'p', so, get an extra reference.
> > -        */
> > -       get_task_struct(p);
> > -       for_each_thread(p, t) {
> > -               list_for_each_entry(child, &t->children, sibling) {
> > -                       unsigned int child_points;
> > -
> > -                       if (process_shares_mm(child, p->mm))
> > -                               continue;
> > -                       /*
> > -                        * oom_badness() returns 0 if the thread is unkillable
> > -                        */
> > -                       child_points = oom_badness(child,
> > -                               oc->memcg, oc->nodemask, oc->totalpages);
> > -                       if (child_points > victim_points) {
> > -                               put_task_struct(victim);
> > -                               victim = child;
> > -                               victim_points = child_points;
> > -                               get_task_struct(victim);
> > -                       }
> > -               }
> > -       }
> > -       put_task_struct(p);
> > -       read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
> > +               dump_header(oc, victim);
> >
> >         /*
> >          * Do we need to kill the entire memory cgroup?
> > @@ -1017,14 +974,15 @@ static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
> >          */
> >         oom_group = mem_cgroup_get_oom_group(victim, oc->memcg);
> >
> > -       __oom_kill_process(victim);
> > +       __oom_kill_process(victim, message);
> >
> >         /*
> >          * If necessary, kill all tasks in the selected memory cgroup.
> >          */
> >         if (oom_group) {
> >                 mem_cgroup_print_oom_group(oom_group);
> > -               mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oom_group, oom_kill_memcg_member, NULL);
> > +               mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oom_group, oom_kill_memcg_member,
> > +                                     (void*) message);
> >                 mem_cgroup_put(oom_group);
> >         }
> >  }
> > --
> > 2.20.1.321.g9e740568ce-goog
> >

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
index 1a007dae1e8f..c90184fd48a3 100644
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -843,7 +843,7 @@  static bool task_will_free_mem(struct task_struct *task)
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
+static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim, const char *message)
 {
 	struct task_struct *p;
 	struct mm_struct *mm;
@@ -874,8 +874,9 @@  static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
 	 */
 	do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_PRIV, victim, PIDTYPE_TGID);
 	mark_oom_victim(victim);
-	pr_err("Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
-		task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm, K(victim->mm->total_vm),
+	pr_err("%s: Killed process %d (%s) total-vm:%lukB, anon-rss:%lukB, file-rss:%lukB, shmem-rss:%lukB\n",
+		message, task_pid_nr(victim), victim->comm,
+		K(victim->mm->total_vm),
 		K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_ANONPAGES)),
 		K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_FILEPAGES)),
 		K(get_mm_counter(victim->mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES)));
@@ -932,24 +933,19 @@  static void __oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *victim)
  * Kill provided task unless it's secured by setting
  * oom_score_adj to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN.
  */
-static int oom_kill_memcg_member(struct task_struct *task, void *unused)
+static int oom_kill_memcg_member(struct task_struct *task, void *message)
 {
 	if (task->signal->oom_score_adj != OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN) {
 		get_task_struct(task);
-		__oom_kill_process(task);
+		__oom_kill_process(task, message);
 	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
 static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
 {
-	struct task_struct *p = oc->chosen;
-	unsigned int points = oc->chosen_points;
-	struct task_struct *victim = p;
-	struct task_struct *child;
-	struct task_struct *t;
+	struct task_struct *victim = oc->chosen;
 	struct mem_cgroup *oom_group;
-	unsigned int victim_points = 0;
 	static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(oom_rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
 					      DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
 
@@ -958,57 +954,18 @@  static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
 	 * its children or threads, just give it access to memory reserves
 	 * so it can die quickly
 	 */
-	task_lock(p);
-	if (task_will_free_mem(p)) {
-		mark_oom_victim(p);
-		wake_oom_reaper(p);
-		task_unlock(p);
-		put_task_struct(p);
+	task_lock(victim);
+	if (task_will_free_mem(victim)) {
+		mark_oom_victim(victim);
+		wake_oom_reaper(victim);
+		task_unlock(victim);
+		put_task_struct(victim);
 		return;
 	}
-	task_unlock(p);
+	task_unlock(victim);
 
 	if (__ratelimit(&oom_rs))
-		dump_header(oc, p);
-
-	pr_err("%s: Kill process %d (%s) score %u or sacrifice child\n",
-		message, task_pid_nr(p), p->comm, points);
-
-	/*
-	 * If any of p's children has a different mm and is eligible for kill,
-	 * the one with the highest oom_badness() score is sacrificed for its
-	 * parent.  This attempts to lose the minimal amount of work done while
-	 * still freeing memory.
-	 */
-	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
-
-	/*
-	 * The task 'p' might have already exited before reaching here. The
-	 * put_task_struct() will free task_struct 'p' while the loop still try
-	 * to access the field of 'p', so, get an extra reference.
-	 */
-	get_task_struct(p);
-	for_each_thread(p, t) {
-		list_for_each_entry(child, &t->children, sibling) {
-			unsigned int child_points;
-
-			if (process_shares_mm(child, p->mm))
-				continue;
-			/*
-			 * oom_badness() returns 0 if the thread is unkillable
-			 */
-			child_points = oom_badness(child,
-				oc->memcg, oc->nodemask, oc->totalpages);
-			if (child_points > victim_points) {
-				put_task_struct(victim);
-				victim = child;
-				victim_points = child_points;
-				get_task_struct(victim);
-			}
-		}
-	}
-	put_task_struct(p);
-	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+		dump_header(oc, victim);
 
 	/*
 	 * Do we need to kill the entire memory cgroup?
@@ -1017,14 +974,15 @@  static void oom_kill_process(struct oom_control *oc, const char *message)
 	 */
 	oom_group = mem_cgroup_get_oom_group(victim, oc->memcg);
 
-	__oom_kill_process(victim);
+	__oom_kill_process(victim, message);
 
 	/*
 	 * If necessary, kill all tasks in the selected memory cgroup.
 	 */
 	if (oom_group) {
 		mem_cgroup_print_oom_group(oom_group);
-		mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oom_group, oom_kill_memcg_member, NULL);
+		mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(oom_group, oom_kill_memcg_member,
+				      (void*) message);
 		mem_cgroup_put(oom_group);
 	}
 }