[v2,5/6] driver core: Fix handling of runtime PM flags in device_link_add()
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Message ID 2208291.Uxpfu9YhsE@aspire.rjw.lan
State Superseded, archived
Headers show
Series
  • Untitled series #71415
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Commit Message

Rafael J. Wysocki Jan. 25, 2019, 11:18 a.m. UTC
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

After commit ead18c23c263 ("driver core: Introduce device links
reference counting"), if if there is a link between the given supplier
and the given consumer already, device_link_add() will refcount it
and return it unconditionally without updating its flags.  It is
possible, however, that the second (or any subsequent) caller of
device_link_add() for the same consumer-supplier pair will pass
DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME, possibly along with DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE, in flags
to it and the existing link may not behave as expected then.

First, if DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME is not set in the existing link's flags
at all, it needs to be set like during the original initialization of
the link.

Second, if DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE is passed to device_link_add() in flags
(in addition to DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME), the existing link should to be
updated to reflect the "active" runtime PM configuration of the
consumer-supplier pair and extra care must be taken here to avoid
possible destructive races with runtime PM of the consumer.

To that end, redefine the rpm_active field in struct device_link
as a refcount, initialize it to 1 and make rpm_resume() (for the
consumer) and device_link_add() increment it whenever they acquire
a runtime PM reference on the supplier device.  Accordingly, make
rpm_suspend() (for the consumer) and pm_runtime_clean_up_links()
decrement it and drop runtime PM references to the supplier
device in a loop until rpm_active becones 1 again.

Fixes: ead18c23c263 ("driver core: Introduce device links reference counting")
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---

I have overlooked the fact that rpm_put_suppliers() doesn't even look
at the DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME link flag and only checks rpm_active for each
link in the list, so updating rpm_active for existing links from
device_link_add() is unsafe, regardless of whether or not DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME
is set in their flags.  Of course, this means that the previous version of
this patch was incorrect.

I also was kind of unhappy with returning NULL to the callers of
device_link_add() who passed DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE in flags, but the link
(with DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME set) had been there already.

So, here's a v2 of just this patch (the other patches in the series don't
change).

-> v2:
  * Redefine rpm_active in struct device_link as a refcount.
  * Rework the code to use the refcount instead of the bool properly.
  * Make device_link_add() increment rpm_active for existing links.

Admittedly, turning rpm_active into a refcount theoretically increases the
overhead of using device links in runtime PM, so it is a concession of sorts,
but I didn't see any other way to make this work.

---
 drivers/base/core.c          |   45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 drivers/base/power/runtime.c |   26 ++++++++++--------------
 include/linux/device.h       |    2 -
 3 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/core.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/core.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/core.c
@@ -165,6 +165,19 @@  void device_pm_move_to_tail(struct devic
 	device_links_read_unlock(idx);
 }
 
+static void device_link_rpm_prepare(struct device *consumer,
+				    struct device *supplier)
+{
+	pm_runtime_new_link(consumer);
+	/*
+	 * If the link is being added by the consumer driver at probe time,
+	 * balance the decrementation of the supplier's runtime PM usage counter
+	 * after consumer probe in driver_probe_device().
+	 */
+	if (consumer->links.status == DL_DEV_PROBING)
+		pm_runtime_get_noresume(supplier);
+}
+
 /**
  * device_link_add - Create a link between two devices.
  * @consumer: Consumer end of the link.
@@ -202,7 +215,6 @@  struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
 				    struct device *supplier, u32 flags)
 {
 	struct device_link *link;
-	bool rpm_put_supplier = false;
 
 	if (!consumer || !supplier ||
 	    (flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS &&
@@ -214,7 +226,6 @@  struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
 			pm_runtime_put_noidle(supplier);
 			return NULL;
 		}
-		rpm_put_supplier = true;
 	}
 
 	device_links_write_lock();
@@ -250,6 +261,15 @@  struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
 		if (flags & DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER)
 			link->flags |= DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER;
 
+		if (flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME) {
+			if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME)) {
+				device_link_rpm_prepare(consumer, supplier);
+				link->flags |= DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME;
+			}
+			if (flags & DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE)
+				refcount_inc(&link->rpm_active);
+		}
+
 		kref_get(&link->kref);
 		goto out;
 	}
@@ -258,20 +278,15 @@  struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
 	if (!link)
 		goto out;
 
+	refcount_set(&link->rpm_active, 1);
+
 	if (flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME) {
-		if (flags & DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE) {
-			link->rpm_active = true;
-			rpm_put_supplier = false;
-		}
-		pm_runtime_new_link(consumer);
-		/*
-		 * If the link is being added by the consumer driver at probe
-		 * time, balance the decrementation of the supplier's runtime PM
-		 * usage counter after consumer probe in driver_probe_device().
-		 */
-		if (consumer->links.status == DL_DEV_PROBING)
-			pm_runtime_get_noresume(supplier);
+		if (flags & DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE)
+			refcount_inc(&link->rpm_active);
+
+		device_link_rpm_prepare(consumer, supplier);
 	}
+
 	get_device(supplier);
 	link->supplier = supplier;
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&link->s_node);
@@ -334,7 +349,7 @@  struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
 	device_pm_unlock();
 	device_links_write_unlock();
 
-	if (rpm_put_supplier)
+	if ((flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME && flags & DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE) && !link)
 		pm_runtime_put(supplier);
 
 	return link;
Index: linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/device.h
+++ linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
@@ -853,7 +853,7 @@  struct device_link {
 	struct list_head c_node;
 	enum device_link_state status;
 	u32 flags;
-	bool rpm_active;
+	refcount_t rpm_active;
 	struct kref kref;
 #ifdef CONFIG_SRCU
 	struct rcu_head rcu_head;
Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
@@ -271,11 +271,8 @@  static int rpm_get_suppliers(struct devi
 	list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links.suppliers, c_node) {
 		int retval;
 
-		if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME))
-			continue;
-
-		if (READ_ONCE(link->status) == DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND ||
-		    link->rpm_active)
+		if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME) ||
+		    READ_ONCE(link->status) == DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND)
 			continue;
 
 		retval = pm_runtime_get_sync(link->supplier);
@@ -284,7 +281,7 @@  static int rpm_get_suppliers(struct devi
 			pm_runtime_put_noidle(link->supplier);
 			return retval;
 		}
-		link->rpm_active = true;
+		refcount_inc(&link->rpm_active);
 	}
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -293,12 +290,13 @@  static void rpm_put_suppliers(struct dev
 {
 	struct device_link *link;
 
-	list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links.suppliers, c_node)
-		if (link->rpm_active &&
-		    READ_ONCE(link->status) != DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND) {
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links.suppliers, c_node) {
+		if (READ_ONCE(link->status) == DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND)
+			continue;
+
+		while (refcount_dec_not_one(&link->rpm_active))
 			pm_runtime_put(link->supplier);
-			link->rpm_active = false;
-		}
+	}
 }
 
 /**
@@ -1551,7 +1549,7 @@  void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *de
  *
  * Check links from this device to any consumers and if any of them have active
  * runtime PM references to the device, drop the usage counter of the device
- * (once per link).
+ * (as many times as needed).
  *
  * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
  *
@@ -1573,10 +1571,8 @@  void pm_runtime_clean_up_links(struct de
 		if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
 			continue;
 
-		if (link->rpm_active) {
+		while (refcount_dec_not_one(&link->rpm_active))
 			pm_runtime_put_noidle(dev);
-			link->rpm_active = false;
-		}
 	}
 
 	device_links_read_unlock(idx);