blk-throttle: verify format of bandwidth limit and detect overflows
diff mbox series

Message ID 155125474480.292717.11530762471075713387.stgit@buzz
State New
Headers show
Series
  • blk-throttle: verify format of bandwidth limit and detect overflows
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Commit Message

Konstantin Khlebnikov Feb. 27, 2019, 8:05 a.m. UTC
Unlike to memory cgroup blkio throttler does not support value suffixes.

It silently ignores everything after last digit. For example this command
will set rate limit 1 byte per second rather than 1 megabyte per second:

# echo "7:0 1M" > blkio.throttle.read_bps_device
# cat blkio.throttle.read_bps_device
7:0 1

Cgroup2 interface has the same flaw:

# echo "7:0 rbps=1M" > io.max
# cat io.max
7:0 rbps=1 wbps=max riops=max wiops=max

Also sscanf does not care much about overflows.

This patch uses modern function kstrtou64 for parsing.
It rejects trailing garbage and detects integer overflows.

Also this patch handles iops limit overflows for cgroup-v1 in the same as
cgroup-v2: limits >= UINT_MAX becomes unlimited.

Fixes: 2ee867dcfa2e ("blkcg: implement interface for the unified hierarchy")
Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
---
 block/blk-throttle.c |   40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

Comments

Tejun Heo March 5, 2019, 3:56 p.m. UTC | #1
Hello, Konstantin.

On Wed, Feb 27, 2019 at 11:05:44AM +0300, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
> Unlike to memory cgroup blkio throttler does not support value suffixes.
> 
> It silently ignores everything after last digit. For example this command
> will set rate limit 1 byte per second rather than 1 megabyte per second:
> 
> # echo "7:0 1M" > blkio.throttle.read_bps_device
> # cat blkio.throttle.read_bps_device
> 7:0 1
> 
> Cgroup2 interface has the same flaw:
> 
> # echo "7:0 rbps=1M" > io.max
> # cat io.max
> 7:0 rbps=1 wbps=max riops=max wiops=max
> 
> Also sscanf does not care much about overflows.
> 
> This patch uses modern function kstrtou64 for parsing.
> It rejects trailing garbage and detects integer overflows.
> 
> Also this patch handles iops limit overflows for cgroup-v1 in the same as
> cgroup-v2: limits >= UINT_MAX becomes unlimited.
> 
> Fixes: 2ee867dcfa2e ("blkcg: implement interface for the unified hierarchy")
> Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>

So, I'd much rather keep the parsing implementations simple.  Unless
there's a correctness problem (you mentioned overflowing, how would
that happen?), the simpler the better.  I don't think the kernel needs
to be in the business of strict input verification here.

Thanks.
Konstantin Khlebnikov March 5, 2019, 5:27 p.m. UTC | #2
On 05.03.2019 18:56, Tejun Heo wrote:
> Hello, Konstantin.
> 
> On Wed, Feb 27, 2019 at 11:05:44AM +0300, Konstantin Khlebnikov wrote:
>> Unlike to memory cgroup blkio throttler does not support value suffixes.
>>
>> It silently ignores everything after last digit. For example this command
>> will set rate limit 1 byte per second rather than 1 megabyte per second:
>>
>> # echo "7:0 1M" > blkio.throttle.read_bps_device
>> # cat blkio.throttle.read_bps_device
>> 7:0 1
>>
>> Cgroup2 interface has the same flaw:
>>
>> # echo "7:0 rbps=1M" > io.max
>> # cat io.max
>> 7:0 rbps=1 wbps=max riops=max wiops=max
>>
>> Also sscanf does not care much about overflows.
>>
>> This patch uses modern function kstrtou64 for parsing.
>> It rejects trailing garbage and detects integer overflows.
>>
>> Also this patch handles iops limit overflows for cgroup-v1 in the same as
>> cgroup-v2: limits >= UINT_MAX becomes unlimited.
>>
>> Fixes: 2ee867dcfa2e ("blkcg: implement interface for the unified hierarchy")
>> Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
> 
> So, I'd much rather keep the parsing implementations simple.  Unless
> there's a correctness problem (you mentioned overflowing, how would
> that happen?), the simpler the better.  I don't think the kernel needs
> to be in the business of strict input verification here.

This is inconsistency between controllers. IO controller should either
accept size suffixes or reject them. Ignoring garbage is not an option.
To be honest, I've successfully shot in the foot by bps limit "1M".

Integer overflows are happens when userspace software uses floats for data
representation and calculations. This way values bigger than 2^32-1 or
2^64-1 could appear easily in text representation.

Almost all integer knobs in sysctl and sysfs use modern kstrtoXX functions
with strict validation of format and overflows.

> 
> Thanks.
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/block/blk-throttle.c b/block/blk-throttle.c
index 1b97a73d2fb1..ce00060b3a48 100644
--- a/block/blk-throttle.c
+++ b/block/blk-throttle.c
@@ -1433,8 +1433,10 @@  static ssize_t tg_set_conf(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	ret = -EINVAL;
-	if (sscanf(ctx.body, "%llu", &v) != 1)
+	/* remove trailing spaces, kstrto* are strict about them */
+	ctx.body = strim(ctx.body);
+	ret = kstrtou64(ctx.body, 10, &v);
+	if (ret)
 		goto out_finish;
 	if (!v)
 		v = U64_MAX;
@@ -1444,7 +1446,8 @@  static ssize_t tg_set_conf(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
 	if (is_u64)
 		*(u64 *)((void *)tg + of_cft(of)->private) = v;
 	else
-		*(unsigned int *)((void *)tg + of_cft(of)->private) = v;
+		*(unsigned int *)((void *)tg + of_cft(of)->private) =
+							min_t(u64, v, UINT_MAX);
 
 	tg_conf_updated(tg, false);
 	ret = 0;
@@ -1609,23 +1612,25 @@  static ssize_t tg_set_limit(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
 	idle_time = tg->idletime_threshold_conf;
 	latency_time = tg->latency_target_conf;
 	while (true) {
-		char tok[27];	/* wiops=18446744073709551616 */
-		char *p;
-		u64 val = U64_MAX;
-		int len;
-
-		if (sscanf(ctx.body, "%26s%n", tok, &len) != 1)
-			break;
-		if (tok[0] == '\0')
-			break;
-		ctx.body += len;
+		char tok[8];	/* "latency" */
+		char buf[21];	/* U64_MAX */
+		int end;
+		u64 val;
 
 		ret = -EINVAL;
-		p = tok;
-		strsep(&p, "=");
-		if (!p || (sscanf(p, "%llu", &val) != 1 && strcmp(p, "max")))
+		if (sscanf(ctx.body, "%7[^=]=%20s %n", tok, buf, &end) != 2)
 			goto out_finish;
 
+		/* skip this field and trailing spaces */
+		ctx.body += end;
+
+		ret = kstrtou64(buf, 10, &val);
+		if (ret) {
+			if (strcmp(buf, "max"))
+				goto out_finish;
+			val = U64_MAX;
+		}
+
 		ret = -ERANGE;
 		if (!val)
 			goto out_finish;
@@ -1645,6 +1650,9 @@  static ssize_t tg_set_limit(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
 			latency_time = val;
 		else
 			goto out_finish;
+
+		if (!*ctx.body)
+			break;
 	}
 
 	tg->bps_conf[READ][index] = v[0];