[V3,21/29] tracing: Use percpu stack trace buffer more intelligently
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190425094803.066064076@linutronix.de
State New
Headers show
Series
  • [V3,01/29] tracing: Cleanup stack trace code
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Commit Message

Thomas Gleixner April 25, 2019, 9:45 a.m. UTC
The per cpu stack trace buffer usage pattern is odd at best. The buffer has
place for 512 stack trace entries on 64-bit and 1024 on 32-bit. When
interrupts or exceptions nest after the per cpu buffer was acquired the
stacktrace length is hardcoded to 8 entries. 512/1024 stack trace entries
in kernel stacks are unrealistic so the buffer is a complete waste.

Split the buffer into 4 nest levels, which are 128/256 entries per
level. This allows nesting contexts (interrupts, exceptions) to utilize the
cpu buffer for stack retrieval and avoids the fixed length allocation along
with the conditional execution pathes.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
V3: Limit to 4 nest levels and increase size per level.
---
 kernel/trace/trace.c |   77 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
 1 file changed, 39 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

Comments

Josh Poimboeuf April 25, 2019, 1:29 p.m. UTC | #1
On Thu, Apr 25, 2019 at 11:45:14AM +0200, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> @@ -2788,29 +2798,32 @@ static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct
>  	 */
>  	preempt_disable_notrace();
>  
> -	use_stack = __this_cpu_inc_return(ftrace_stack_reserve);
> +	stackidx = __this_cpu_inc_return(ftrace_stack_reserve);
> +
> +	/* This should never happen. If it does, yell once and skip */
> +	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(stackidx >= FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING))
> +		goto out;
> +
>  	/*
> -	 * We don't need any atomic variables, just a barrier.
> -	 * If an interrupt comes in, we don't care, because it would
> -	 * have exited and put the counter back to what we want.
> -	 * We just need a barrier to keep gcc from moving things
> -	 * around.
> +	 * The above __this_cpu_inc_return() is 'atomic' cpu local. An
> +	 * interrupt will either see the value pre increment or post
> +	 * increment. If the interrupt happens pre increment it will have
> +	 * restored the counter when it returns.  We just need a barrier to
> +	 * keep gcc from moving things around.
>  	 */
>  	barrier();
> -	if (use_stack == 1) {
> -		trace.entries		= this_cpu_ptr(ftrace_stack.calls);
> -		trace.max_entries	= FTRACE_STACK_MAX_ENTRIES;
> -
> -		if (regs)
> -			save_stack_trace_regs(regs, &trace);
> -		else
> -			save_stack_trace(&trace);
> -
> -		if (trace.nr_entries > size)
> -			size = trace.nr_entries;
> -	} else
> -		/* From now on, use_stack is a boolean */
> -		use_stack = 0;
> +
> +	fstack = this_cpu_ptr(ftrace_stacks.stacks) + (stackidx - 1);

nit: it would be slightly less surprising if stackidx were 0-based:

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index d3f6ec7eb729..4fc93004feab 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -2798,10 +2798,10 @@ static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct ring_buffer *buffer,
 	 */
 	preempt_disable_notrace();
 
-	stackidx = __this_cpu_inc_return(ftrace_stack_reserve);
+	stackidx = __this_cpu_inc_return(ftrace_stack_reserve) - 1;
 
 	/* This should never happen. If it does, yell once and skip */
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(stackidx >= FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING))
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(stackidx > FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING))
 		goto out;
 
 	/*
@@ -2813,7 +2813,7 @@ static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct ring_buffer *buffer,
 	 */
 	barrier();
 
-	fstack = this_cpu_ptr(ftrace_stacks.stacks) + (stackidx - 1);
+	fstack = this_cpu_ptr(ftrace_stacks.stacks) + stackidx;
 	trace.entries		= fstack->calls;
 	trace.max_entries	= FTRACE_KSTACK_ENTRIES;

Patch
diff mbox series

--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -2749,12 +2749,21 @@  trace_function(struct trace_array *tr,
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
 
-#define FTRACE_STACK_MAX_ENTRIES (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long))
+/* Allow 4 levels of nesting: normal, softirq, irq, NMI */
+#define FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING	4
+
+#define FTRACE_KSTACK_ENTRIES	(PAGE_SIZE / FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING)
+
 struct ftrace_stack {
-	unsigned long		calls[FTRACE_STACK_MAX_ENTRIES];
+	unsigned long		calls[FTRACE_KSTACK_ENTRIES];
+};
+
+
+struct ftrace_stacks {
+	struct ftrace_stack	stacks[FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING];
 };
 
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct ftrace_stack, ftrace_stack);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct ftrace_stacks, ftrace_stacks);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, ftrace_stack_reserve);
 
 static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct ring_buffer *buffer,
@@ -2763,10 +2772,11 @@  static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct
 {
 	struct trace_event_call *call = &event_kernel_stack;
 	struct ring_buffer_event *event;
+	struct ftrace_stack *fstack;
 	struct stack_entry *entry;
 	struct stack_trace trace;
-	int use_stack;
-	int size = FTRACE_STACK_ENTRIES;
+	int size = FTRACE_KSTACK_ENTRIES;
+	int stackidx;
 
 	trace.nr_entries	= 0;
 	trace.skip		= skip;
@@ -2788,29 +2798,32 @@  static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct
 	 */
 	preempt_disable_notrace();
 
-	use_stack = __this_cpu_inc_return(ftrace_stack_reserve);
+	stackidx = __this_cpu_inc_return(ftrace_stack_reserve);
+
+	/* This should never happen. If it does, yell once and skip */
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(stackidx >= FTRACE_KSTACK_NESTING))
+		goto out;
+
 	/*
-	 * We don't need any atomic variables, just a barrier.
-	 * If an interrupt comes in, we don't care, because it would
-	 * have exited and put the counter back to what we want.
-	 * We just need a barrier to keep gcc from moving things
-	 * around.
+	 * The above __this_cpu_inc_return() is 'atomic' cpu local. An
+	 * interrupt will either see the value pre increment or post
+	 * increment. If the interrupt happens pre increment it will have
+	 * restored the counter when it returns.  We just need a barrier to
+	 * keep gcc from moving things around.
 	 */
 	barrier();
-	if (use_stack == 1) {
-		trace.entries		= this_cpu_ptr(ftrace_stack.calls);
-		trace.max_entries	= FTRACE_STACK_MAX_ENTRIES;
-
-		if (regs)
-			save_stack_trace_regs(regs, &trace);
-		else
-			save_stack_trace(&trace);
-
-		if (trace.nr_entries > size)
-			size = trace.nr_entries;
-	} else
-		/* From now on, use_stack is a boolean */
-		use_stack = 0;
+
+	fstack = this_cpu_ptr(ftrace_stacks.stacks) + (stackidx - 1);
+	trace.entries		= fstack->calls;
+	trace.max_entries	= FTRACE_KSTACK_ENTRIES;
+
+	if (regs)
+		save_stack_trace_regs(regs, &trace);
+	else
+		save_stack_trace(&trace);
+
+	if (trace.nr_entries > size)
+		size = trace.nr_entries;
 
 	size *= sizeof(unsigned long);
 
@@ -2820,19 +2833,7 @@  static void __ftrace_trace_stack(struct
 		goto out;
 	entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
 
-	memset(&entry->caller, 0, size);
-
-	if (use_stack)
-		memcpy(&entry->caller, trace.entries,
-		       trace.nr_entries * sizeof(unsigned long));
-	else {
-		trace.max_entries	= FTRACE_STACK_ENTRIES;
-		trace.entries		= entry->caller;
-		if (regs)
-			save_stack_trace_regs(regs, &trace);
-		else
-			save_stack_trace(&trace);
-	}
+	memcpy(&entry->caller, trace.entries, size);
 
 	entry->size = trace.nr_entries;