[3/9] mm: Add write-protect and clean utilities for address space ranges v3
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190427150023.52756-1-thellstrom@vmware.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Untitled series #110949
Related show

Commit Message

Thomas Hellstrom April 27, 2019, 3:01 p.m. UTC
Add two utilities to a) write-protect and b) clean all ptes pointing into
a range of an address space.
The utilities are intended to aid in tracking dirty pages (either
driver-allocated system memory or pci device memory).
The write-protect utility should be used in conjunction with
page_mkwrite() and pfn_mkwrite() to trigger write page-faults on page
accesses. Typically one would want to use this on sparse accesses into
large memory regions. The clean utility should be used to utilize
hardware dirtying functionality and avoid the overhead of page-faults,
typically on large accesses into small memory regions.

The added file "as_dirty_helpers.c" is initially listed as maintained by
VMware under our DRM driver. If somebody would like it elsewhere,
that's of course no problem.

Notable changes since RFC:
- Added comments to help avoid the usage of these function for VMAs
  it's not intended for. We also do advisory checks on the vm_flags and
  warn on illegal usage.
- Perform the pte modifications the same way softdirty does.
- Add mmu_notifier range invalidation calls.
- Add a config option so that this code is not unconditionally included.
- Tell the mmu_gather code about pending tlb flushes.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: "Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org

Signed-off-by: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com>
Reviewed-by: Ralph Campbell <rcampbell@nvidia.com> #v1
---
v2: Fix formatting and typos.
    Change file-name of the added file, and don't compile it unless
    configured to do so.
v3: Adapt to new arguments to ptep_modify_prot_[start|commit]
---
 MAINTAINERS           |   1 +
 include/linux/mm.h    |   9 +-
 mm/Kconfig            |   3 +
 mm/Makefile           |   1 +
 mm/as_dirty_helpers.c | 298 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 311 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 mm/as_dirty_helpers.c

Comments

Ralph Campbell April 29, 2019, 5:17 p.m. UTC | #1
Note: the subject line should be [PATCH v3 3/9] ... instead of putting 
v3 at the end of the subject line.
There are tools that parse the subject line and expect this convention.
See Documentation/process/submitting-patches.rst
Thanks.

On 4/27/19 8:01 AM, Thomas Hellstrom wrote:
> Add two utilities to a) write-protect and b) clean all ptes pointing into
> a range of an address space.
> The utilities are intended to aid in tracking dirty pages (either
> driver-allocated system memory or pci device memory).
> The write-protect utility should be used in conjunction with
> page_mkwrite() and pfn_mkwrite() to trigger write page-faults on page
> accesses. Typically one would want to use this on sparse accesses into
> large memory regions. The clean utility should be used to utilize
> hardware dirtying functionality and avoid the overhead of page-faults,
> typically on large accesses into small memory regions.
> 
> The added file "as_dirty_helpers.c" is initially listed as maintained by
> VMware under our DRM driver. If somebody would like it elsewhere,
> that's of course no problem.
> 
> Notable changes since RFC:
> - Added comments to help avoid the usage of these function for VMAs
>    it's not intended for. We also do advisory checks on the vm_flags and
>    warn on illegal usage.
> - Perform the pte modifications the same way softdirty does.
> - Add mmu_notifier range invalidation calls.
> - Add a config option so that this code is not unconditionally included.
> - Tell the mmu_gather code about pending tlb flushes.
> 
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
> Cc: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
> Cc: "Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com>
> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> 
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com>
> Reviewed-by: Ralph Campbell <rcampbell@nvidia.com> #v1
> ---
> v2: Fix formatting and typos.
>      Change file-name of the added file, and don't compile it unless
>      configured to do so.
> v3: Adapt to new arguments to ptep_modify_prot_[start|commit]
> ---
>   MAINTAINERS           |   1 +
>   include/linux/mm.h    |   9 +-
>   mm/Kconfig            |   3 +
>   mm/Makefile           |   1 +
>   mm/as_dirty_helpers.c | 298 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   5 files changed, 311 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>   create mode 100644 mm/as_dirty_helpers.c
> 
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index e233b3c48546..dd647a68580f 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -5100,6 +5100,7 @@ T:	git git://people.freedesktop.org/~thomash/linux
>   S:	Supported
>   F:	drivers/gpu/drm/vmwgfx/
>   F:	include/uapi/drm/vmwgfx_drm.h
> +F:	mm/as_dirty_helpers.c
>   
>   DRM DRIVERS
>   M:	David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
> index 34338ee70317..e446af9732f6 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> @@ -2610,7 +2610,14 @@ struct pfn_range_apply {
>   };
>   extern int apply_to_pfn_range(struct pfn_range_apply *closure,
>   			      unsigned long address, unsigned long size);
> -
> +unsigned long apply_as_wrprotect(struct address_space *mapping,
> +				 pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr);
> +unsigned long apply_as_clean(struct address_space *mapping,
> +			     pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr,
> +			     pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff,
> +			     unsigned long *bitmap,
> +			     pgoff_t *start,
> +			     pgoff_t *end);
>   #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING
>   extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void);
>   extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable);
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index 25c71eb8a7db..80e41cdbb4ae 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -758,4 +758,7 @@ config GUP_BENCHMARK
>   config ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
>   	bool
>   
> +config AS_DIRTY_HELPERS
> +        bool
> +
>   endmenu
> diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
> index d210cc9d6f80..4bf396ba3a00 100644
> --- a/mm/Makefile
> +++ b/mm/Makefile
> @@ -99,3 +99,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY) += usercopy.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS) += percpu-stats.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_HMM) += hmm.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_MEMFD_CREATE) += memfd.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_AS_DIRTY_HELPERS) += as_dirty_helpers.o
> diff --git a/mm/as_dirty_helpers.c b/mm/as_dirty_helpers.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..88a1ac0d5da9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/mm/as_dirty_helpers.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,298 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/mm_types.h>
> +#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
> +#include <linux/bitops.h>
> +#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
> +#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> +#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * struct apply_as - Closure structure for apply_as_range
> + * @base: struct pfn_range_apply we derive from
> + * @start: Address of first modified pte
> + * @end: Address of last modified pte + 1
> + * @total: Total number of modified ptes
> + * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct we're currently operating on
> + */
> +struct apply_as {
> +	struct pfn_range_apply base;
> +	unsigned long start;
> +	unsigned long end;
> +	unsigned long total;
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * apply_pt_wrprotect - Leaf pte callback to write-protect a pte
> + * @pte: Pointer to the pte
> + * @token: Page table token, see apply_to_pfn_range()
> + * @addr: The virtual page address
> + * @closure: Pointer to a struct pfn_range_apply embedded in a
> + * struct apply_as
> + *
> + * The function write-protects a pte and records the range in
> + * virtual address space of touched ptes for efficient range TLB flushes.
> + *
> + * Return: Always zero.
> + */
> +static int apply_pt_wrprotect(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t token,
> +			      unsigned long addr,
> +			      struct pfn_range_apply *closure)
> +{
> +	struct apply_as *aas = container_of(closure, typeof(*aas), base);
> +	pte_t ptent = *pte;
> +
> +	if (pte_write(ptent)) {
> +		pte_t old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(aas->vma, addr, pte);
> +
> +		ptent = pte_wrprotect(old_pte);
> +		ptep_modify_prot_commit(aas->vma, addr, pte, old_pte, ptent);
> +		aas->total++;
> +		aas->start = min(aas->start, addr);
> +		aas->end = max(aas->end, addr + PAGE_SIZE);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * struct apply_as_clean - Closure structure for apply_as_clean
> + * @base: struct apply_as we derive from
> + * @bitmap_pgoff: Address_space Page offset of the first bit in @bitmap
> + * @bitmap: Bitmap with one bit for each page offset in the address_space range
> + * covered.
> + * @start: Address_space page offset of first modified pte relative
> + * to @bitmap_pgoff
> + * @end: Address_space page offset of last modified pte relative
> + * to @bitmap_pgoff
> + */
> +struct apply_as_clean {
> +	struct apply_as base;
> +	pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff;
> +	unsigned long *bitmap;
> +	pgoff_t start;
> +	pgoff_t end;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * apply_pt_clean - Leaf pte callback to clean a pte
> + * @pte: Pointer to the pte
> + * @token: Page table token, see apply_to_pfn_range()
> + * @addr: The virtual page address
> + * @closure: Pointer to a struct pfn_range_apply embedded in a
> + * struct apply_as_clean
> + *
> + * The function cleans a pte and records the range in
> + * virtual address space of touched ptes for efficient TLB flushes.
> + * It also records dirty ptes in a bitmap representing page offsets
> + * in the address_space, as well as the first and last of the bits
> + * touched.
> + *
> + * Return: Always zero.
> + */
> +static int apply_pt_clean(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t token,
> +			  unsigned long addr,
> +			  struct pfn_range_apply *closure)
> +{
> +	struct apply_as *aas = container_of(closure, typeof(*aas), base);
> +	struct apply_as_clean *clean = container_of(aas, typeof(*clean), base);
> +	pte_t ptent = *pte;
> +
> +	if (pte_dirty(ptent)) {
> +		pgoff_t pgoff = ((addr - aas->vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) +
> +			aas->vma->vm_pgoff - clean->bitmap_pgoff;
> +		pte_t old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(aas->vma, addr, pte);
> +
> +		ptent = pte_mkclean(old_pte);
> +		ptep_modify_prot_commit(aas->vma, addr, pte, old_pte, ptent);
> +
> +		aas->total++;
> +		aas->start = min(aas->start, addr);
> +		aas->end = max(aas->end, addr + PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> +		__set_bit(pgoff, clean->bitmap);
> +		clean->start = min(clean->start, pgoff);
> +		clean->end = max(clean->end, pgoff + 1);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * apply_as_range - Apply a pte callback to all PTEs pointing into a range
> + * of an address_space.
> + * @mapping: Pointer to the struct address_space
> + * @aas: Closure structure
> + * @first_index: First page offset in the address_space
> + * @nr: Number of incremental page offsets to cover
> + *
> + * Return: Number of ptes touched. Note that this number might be larger
> + * than @nr if there are overlapping vmas
> + */
> +static unsigned long apply_as_range(struct address_space *mapping,
> +				    struct apply_as *aas,
> +				    pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr)
> +{
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> +	pgoff_t vba, vea, cba, cea;
> +	unsigned long start_addr, end_addr;
> +	struct mmu_notifier_range range;
> +
> +	i_mmap_lock_read(mapping);
> +	vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, &mapping->i_mmap, first_index,
> +				  first_index + nr - 1) {
> +		unsigned long vm_flags = READ_ONCE(vma->vm_flags);
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * We can only do advisory flag tests below, since we can't
> +		 * require the vm's mmap_sem to be held to protect the flags.
> +		 * Therefore, callers that strictly depend on specific mmap
> +		 * flags to remain constant throughout the operation must
> +		 * either ensure those flags are immutable for all relevant
> +		 * vmas or can't use this function. Fixing this properly would
> +		 * require the vma::vm_flags to be protected by a separate
> +		 * lock taken after the i_mmap_lock
> +		 */
> +
> +		/* Skip non-applicable VMAs */
> +		if ((vm_flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_WRITE)) !=
> +		    (VM_SHARED | VM_WRITE))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/* Warn on and skip VMAs whose flags indicate illegal usage */
> +		if (WARN_ON((vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_IO)) != VM_IO))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/* Clip to the vma */
> +		vba = vma->vm_pgoff;
> +		vea = vba + vma_pages(vma);
> +		cba = first_index;
> +		cba = max(cba, vba);
> +		cea = first_index + nr;
> +		cea = min(cea, vea);
> +
> +		/* Translate to virtual address */
> +		start_addr = ((cba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start;
> +		end_addr = ((cea - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start;
> +		if (start_addr >= end_addr)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		aas->base.mm = vma->vm_mm;
> +		aas->vma = vma;
> +		aas->start = end_addr;
> +		aas->end = start_addr;
> +
> +		mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, vma->vm_mm,
> +					start_addr, end_addr);
> +		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
> +
> +		/* Needed when we only change protection? */
> +		flush_cache_range(vma, start_addr, end_addr);
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * We're not using tlb_gather_mmu() since typically
> +		 * only a small subrange of PTEs are affected.
> +		 */
> +		inc_tlb_flush_pending(vma->vm_mm);
> +
> +		/* Should not error since aas->base.alloc == 0 */
> +		WARN_ON(apply_to_pfn_range(&aas->base, start_addr,
> +					   end_addr - start_addr));
> +		if (aas->end > aas->start)
> +			flush_tlb_range(vma, aas->start, aas->end);
> +
> +		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);
> +		dec_tlb_flush_pending(vma->vm_mm);
> +	}
> +	i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping);
> +
> +	return aas->total;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * apply_as_wrprotect - Write-protect all ptes in an address_space range
> + * @mapping: The address_space we want to write protect
> + * @first_index: The first page offset in the range
> + * @nr: Number of incremental page offsets to cover
> + *
> + * WARNING: This function should only be used for address spaces that
> + * completely own the pages / memory the page table points to. Typically a
> + * device file.
> + *
> + * Return: The number of ptes actually write-protected. Note that
> + * already write-protected ptes are not counted.
> + */
> +unsigned long apply_as_wrprotect(struct address_space *mapping,
> +				 pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr)
> +{
> +	struct apply_as aas = {
> +		.base = {
> +			.alloc = 0,
> +			.ptefn = apply_pt_wrprotect,
> +		},
> +		.total = 0,
> +	};
> +
> +	return apply_as_range(mapping, &aas, first_index, nr);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(apply_as_wrprotect);
> +
> +/**
> + * apply_as_clean - Clean all ptes in an address_space range
> + * @mapping: The address_space we want to clean
> + * @first_index: The first page offset in the range
> + * @nr: Number of incremental page offsets to cover
> + * @bitmap_pgoff: The page offset of the first bit in @bitmap
> + * @bitmap: Pointer to a bitmap of at least @nr bits. The bitmap needs to
> + * cover the whole range @first_index..@first_index + @nr.
> + * @start: Pointer to number of the first set bit in @bitmap.
> + * is modified as new bits are set by the function.
> + * @end: Pointer to the number of the last set bit in @bitmap.
> + * none set. The value is modified as new bits are set by the function.
> + *
> + * Note: When this function returns there is no guarantee that a CPU has
> + * not already dirtied new ptes. However it will not clean any ptes not
> + * reported in the bitmap.
> + *
> + * If a caller needs to make sure all dirty ptes are picked up and none
> + * additional are added, it first needs to write-protect the address-space
> + * range and make sure new writers are blocked in page_mkwrite() or
> + * pfn_mkwrite(). And then after a TLB flush following the write-protection
> + * pick up all dirty bits.
> + *
> + * WARNING: This function should only be used for address spaces that
> + * completely own the pages / memory the page table points to. Typically a
> + * device file.
> + *
> + * Return: The number of dirty ptes actually cleaned.
> + */
> +unsigned long apply_as_clean(struct address_space *mapping,
> +			     pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr,
> +			     pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff,
> +			     unsigned long *bitmap,
> +			     pgoff_t *start,
> +			     pgoff_t *end)
> +{
> +	bool none_set = (*start >= *end);
> +	struct apply_as_clean clean = {
> +		.base = {
> +			.base = {
> +				.alloc = 0,
> +				.ptefn = apply_pt_clean,
> +			},
> +			.total = 0,
> +		},
> +		.bitmap_pgoff = bitmap_pgoff,
> +		.bitmap = bitmap,
> +		.start = none_set ? nr : *start,
> +		.end = none_set ? 0 : *end,
> +	};
> +	unsigned long ret = apply_as_range(mapping, &clean.base, first_index,
> +					   nr);
> +
> +	*start = clean.start;
> +	*end = clean.end;
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(apply_as_clean);
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index e233b3c48546..dd647a68580f 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -5100,6 +5100,7 @@  T:	git git://people.freedesktop.org/~thomash/linux
 S:	Supported
 F:	drivers/gpu/drm/vmwgfx/
 F:	include/uapi/drm/vmwgfx_drm.h
+F:	mm/as_dirty_helpers.c
 
 DRM DRIVERS
 M:	David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 34338ee70317..e446af9732f6 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2610,7 +2610,14 @@  struct pfn_range_apply {
 };
 extern int apply_to_pfn_range(struct pfn_range_apply *closure,
 			      unsigned long address, unsigned long size);
-
+unsigned long apply_as_wrprotect(struct address_space *mapping,
+				 pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr);
+unsigned long apply_as_clean(struct address_space *mapping,
+			     pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr,
+			     pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff,
+			     unsigned long *bitmap,
+			     pgoff_t *start,
+			     pgoff_t *end);
 #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING
 extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void);
 extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable);
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 25c71eb8a7db..80e41cdbb4ae 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -758,4 +758,7 @@  config GUP_BENCHMARK
 config ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
 	bool
 
+config AS_DIRTY_HELPERS
+        bool
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index d210cc9d6f80..4bf396ba3a00 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -99,3 +99,4 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY) += usercopy.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS) += percpu-stats.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HMM) += hmm.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MEMFD_CREATE) += memfd.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_AS_DIRTY_HELPERS) += as_dirty_helpers.o
diff --git a/mm/as_dirty_helpers.c b/mm/as_dirty_helpers.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..88a1ac0d5da9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/as_dirty_helpers.c
@@ -0,0 +1,298 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct apply_as - Closure structure for apply_as_range
+ * @base: struct pfn_range_apply we derive from
+ * @start: Address of first modified pte
+ * @end: Address of last modified pte + 1
+ * @total: Total number of modified ptes
+ * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct we're currently operating on
+ */
+struct apply_as {
+	struct pfn_range_apply base;
+	unsigned long start;
+	unsigned long end;
+	unsigned long total;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+};
+
+/**
+ * apply_pt_wrprotect - Leaf pte callback to write-protect a pte
+ * @pte: Pointer to the pte
+ * @token: Page table token, see apply_to_pfn_range()
+ * @addr: The virtual page address
+ * @closure: Pointer to a struct pfn_range_apply embedded in a
+ * struct apply_as
+ *
+ * The function write-protects a pte and records the range in
+ * virtual address space of touched ptes for efficient range TLB flushes.
+ *
+ * Return: Always zero.
+ */
+static int apply_pt_wrprotect(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t token,
+			      unsigned long addr,
+			      struct pfn_range_apply *closure)
+{
+	struct apply_as *aas = container_of(closure, typeof(*aas), base);
+	pte_t ptent = *pte;
+
+	if (pte_write(ptent)) {
+		pte_t old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(aas->vma, addr, pte);
+
+		ptent = pte_wrprotect(old_pte);
+		ptep_modify_prot_commit(aas->vma, addr, pte, old_pte, ptent);
+		aas->total++;
+		aas->start = min(aas->start, addr);
+		aas->end = max(aas->end, addr + PAGE_SIZE);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * struct apply_as_clean - Closure structure for apply_as_clean
+ * @base: struct apply_as we derive from
+ * @bitmap_pgoff: Address_space Page offset of the first bit in @bitmap
+ * @bitmap: Bitmap with one bit for each page offset in the address_space range
+ * covered.
+ * @start: Address_space page offset of first modified pte relative
+ * to @bitmap_pgoff
+ * @end: Address_space page offset of last modified pte relative
+ * to @bitmap_pgoff
+ */
+struct apply_as_clean {
+	struct apply_as base;
+	pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff;
+	unsigned long *bitmap;
+	pgoff_t start;
+	pgoff_t end;
+};
+
+/**
+ * apply_pt_clean - Leaf pte callback to clean a pte
+ * @pte: Pointer to the pte
+ * @token: Page table token, see apply_to_pfn_range()
+ * @addr: The virtual page address
+ * @closure: Pointer to a struct pfn_range_apply embedded in a
+ * struct apply_as_clean
+ *
+ * The function cleans a pte and records the range in
+ * virtual address space of touched ptes for efficient TLB flushes.
+ * It also records dirty ptes in a bitmap representing page offsets
+ * in the address_space, as well as the first and last of the bits
+ * touched.
+ *
+ * Return: Always zero.
+ */
+static int apply_pt_clean(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t token,
+			  unsigned long addr,
+			  struct pfn_range_apply *closure)
+{
+	struct apply_as *aas = container_of(closure, typeof(*aas), base);
+	struct apply_as_clean *clean = container_of(aas, typeof(*clean), base);
+	pte_t ptent = *pte;
+
+	if (pte_dirty(ptent)) {
+		pgoff_t pgoff = ((addr - aas->vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) +
+			aas->vma->vm_pgoff - clean->bitmap_pgoff;
+		pte_t old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(aas->vma, addr, pte);
+
+		ptent = pte_mkclean(old_pte);
+		ptep_modify_prot_commit(aas->vma, addr, pte, old_pte, ptent);
+
+		aas->total++;
+		aas->start = min(aas->start, addr);
+		aas->end = max(aas->end, addr + PAGE_SIZE);
+
+		__set_bit(pgoff, clean->bitmap);
+		clean->start = min(clean->start, pgoff);
+		clean->end = max(clean->end, pgoff + 1);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * apply_as_range - Apply a pte callback to all PTEs pointing into a range
+ * of an address_space.
+ * @mapping: Pointer to the struct address_space
+ * @aas: Closure structure
+ * @first_index: First page offset in the address_space
+ * @nr: Number of incremental page offsets to cover
+ *
+ * Return: Number of ptes touched. Note that this number might be larger
+ * than @nr if there are overlapping vmas
+ */
+static unsigned long apply_as_range(struct address_space *mapping,
+				    struct apply_as *aas,
+				    pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr)
+{
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	pgoff_t vba, vea, cba, cea;
+	unsigned long start_addr, end_addr;
+	struct mmu_notifier_range range;
+
+	i_mmap_lock_read(mapping);
+	vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, &mapping->i_mmap, first_index,
+				  first_index + nr - 1) {
+		unsigned long vm_flags = READ_ONCE(vma->vm_flags);
+
+		/*
+		 * We can only do advisory flag tests below, since we can't
+		 * require the vm's mmap_sem to be held to protect the flags.
+		 * Therefore, callers that strictly depend on specific mmap
+		 * flags to remain constant throughout the operation must
+		 * either ensure those flags are immutable for all relevant
+		 * vmas or can't use this function. Fixing this properly would
+		 * require the vma::vm_flags to be protected by a separate
+		 * lock taken after the i_mmap_lock
+		 */
+
+		/* Skip non-applicable VMAs */
+		if ((vm_flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_WRITE)) !=
+		    (VM_SHARED | VM_WRITE))
+			continue;
+
+		/* Warn on and skip VMAs whose flags indicate illegal usage */
+		if (WARN_ON((vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_IO)) != VM_IO))
+			continue;
+
+		/* Clip to the vma */
+		vba = vma->vm_pgoff;
+		vea = vba + vma_pages(vma);
+		cba = first_index;
+		cba = max(cba, vba);
+		cea = first_index + nr;
+		cea = min(cea, vea);
+
+		/* Translate to virtual address */
+		start_addr = ((cba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start;
+		end_addr = ((cea - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start;
+		if (start_addr >= end_addr)
+			continue;
+
+		aas->base.mm = vma->vm_mm;
+		aas->vma = vma;
+		aas->start = end_addr;
+		aas->end = start_addr;
+
+		mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, vma->vm_mm,
+					start_addr, end_addr);
+		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
+
+		/* Needed when we only change protection? */
+		flush_cache_range(vma, start_addr, end_addr);
+
+		/*
+		 * We're not using tlb_gather_mmu() since typically
+		 * only a small subrange of PTEs are affected.
+		 */
+		inc_tlb_flush_pending(vma->vm_mm);
+
+		/* Should not error since aas->base.alloc == 0 */
+		WARN_ON(apply_to_pfn_range(&aas->base, start_addr,
+					   end_addr - start_addr));
+		if (aas->end > aas->start)
+			flush_tlb_range(vma, aas->start, aas->end);
+
+		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);
+		dec_tlb_flush_pending(vma->vm_mm);
+	}
+	i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping);
+
+	return aas->total;
+}
+
+/**
+ * apply_as_wrprotect - Write-protect all ptes in an address_space range
+ * @mapping: The address_space we want to write protect
+ * @first_index: The first page offset in the range
+ * @nr: Number of incremental page offsets to cover
+ *
+ * WARNING: This function should only be used for address spaces that
+ * completely own the pages / memory the page table points to. Typically a
+ * device file.
+ *
+ * Return: The number of ptes actually write-protected. Note that
+ * already write-protected ptes are not counted.
+ */
+unsigned long apply_as_wrprotect(struct address_space *mapping,
+				 pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr)
+{
+	struct apply_as aas = {
+		.base = {
+			.alloc = 0,
+			.ptefn = apply_pt_wrprotect,
+		},
+		.total = 0,
+	};
+
+	return apply_as_range(mapping, &aas, first_index, nr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(apply_as_wrprotect);
+
+/**
+ * apply_as_clean - Clean all ptes in an address_space range
+ * @mapping: The address_space we want to clean
+ * @first_index: The first page offset in the range
+ * @nr: Number of incremental page offsets to cover
+ * @bitmap_pgoff: The page offset of the first bit in @bitmap
+ * @bitmap: Pointer to a bitmap of at least @nr bits. The bitmap needs to
+ * cover the whole range @first_index..@first_index + @nr.
+ * @start: Pointer to number of the first set bit in @bitmap.
+ * is modified as new bits are set by the function.
+ * @end: Pointer to the number of the last set bit in @bitmap.
+ * none set. The value is modified as new bits are set by the function.
+ *
+ * Note: When this function returns there is no guarantee that a CPU has
+ * not already dirtied new ptes. However it will not clean any ptes not
+ * reported in the bitmap.
+ *
+ * If a caller needs to make sure all dirty ptes are picked up and none
+ * additional are added, it first needs to write-protect the address-space
+ * range and make sure new writers are blocked in page_mkwrite() or
+ * pfn_mkwrite(). And then after a TLB flush following the write-protection
+ * pick up all dirty bits.
+ *
+ * WARNING: This function should only be used for address spaces that
+ * completely own the pages / memory the page table points to. Typically a
+ * device file.
+ *
+ * Return: The number of dirty ptes actually cleaned.
+ */
+unsigned long apply_as_clean(struct address_space *mapping,
+			     pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr,
+			     pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff,
+			     unsigned long *bitmap,
+			     pgoff_t *start,
+			     pgoff_t *end)
+{
+	bool none_set = (*start >= *end);
+	struct apply_as_clean clean = {
+		.base = {
+			.base = {
+				.alloc = 0,
+				.ptefn = apply_pt_clean,
+			},
+			.total = 0,
+		},
+		.bitmap_pgoff = bitmap_pgoff,
+		.bitmap = bitmap,
+		.start = none_set ? nr : *start,
+		.end = none_set ? 0 : *end,
+	};
+	unsigned long ret = apply_as_range(mapping, &clean.base, first_index,
+					   nr);
+
+	*start = clean.start;
+	*end = clean.end;
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(apply_as_clean);