[2/2] kvm-unit-test: nVMX: Test "Load IA32_EFER" VM-exit control on vmentry of nested guests
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Message ID 20190522234545.5930-3-krish.sadhukhan@oracle.com
State New
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  • kvm-unit-test: nVMX: Test "Load IA32_EFER" VM-exit control on vmentry of nested guests
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Commit Message

Krish Sadhukhan May 22, 2019, 11:45 p.m. UTC
..to verify KVM performs the appropriate consistency checks for loading
   IA32_EFER VM-exit control as part of running a nested guest.

According to section "Checks on Host Control Registers and MSRs" in Intel
SDM vol 3C, the following checks are performed on vmentry of nested guests:

   If the “load IA32_EFER” VM-exit control is 1, bits reserved in the
   IA32_EFER MSR must be 0 in the field for that register. In addition,
   the values of the LMA and LME bits in the field must each be that of
   the “host address-space size” VM-exit control.

Signed-off-by: Krish Sadhukhan <krish.sadhukhan@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Karl Heubaum <karl.heubaum@oracle.com>
---
 x86/vmx_tests.c | 121 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 121 insertions(+)

Comments

Sean Christopherson June 4, 2019, 2:21 p.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 07:45:45PM -0400, Krish Sadhukhan wrote:
>  ..to verify KVM performs the appropriate consistency checks for loading
>    IA32_EFER VM-exit control as part of running a nested guest.
> 
> According to section "Checks on Host Control Registers and MSRs" in Intel
> SDM vol 3C, the following checks are performed on vmentry of nested guests:
> 
>    If the “load IA32_EFER” VM-exit control is 1, bits reserved in the
>    IA32_EFER MSR must be 0 in the field for that register. In addition,
>    the values of the LMA and LME bits in the field must each be that of
>    the “host address-space size” VM-exit control.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Krish Sadhukhan <krish.sadhukhan@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Karl Heubaum <karl.heubaum@oracle.com>
> ---
>  x86/vmx_tests.c | 121 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 121 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/x86/vmx_tests.c b/x86/vmx_tests.c
> index 8cb1708..32fa16d 100644
> --- a/x86/vmx_tests.c
> +++ b/x86/vmx_tests.c
> @@ -5136,6 +5136,126 @@ static void test_guest_perf_global_ctl(void)
>  			     ENT_CONTROLS, ENT_LOAD_PERF);
>  }
>  
> +static void test_efer_bit(u32 fld, const char * fld_name, u32 ctrl_fld,
> +			   u64 ctrl_bit, u64 efer_bit,
> +			   const char *efer_bit_name)

IMO, the benefits of genericizing this for potential reuse to test
GUEST_EFER is outweighed by the added difficulty to read the code.
And the function can't be reused as is, e.g. the host_addr_size is
host specific, as is the error condition.

> +{
> +	u64 efer_saved = vmcs_read(fld);
> +	u32 ctrl_saved = vmcs_read(ctrl_fld);
> +	u64 host_addr_size = ctrl_saved & EXI_HOST_64;

The nVMX tests are 64-bit only, i.e. host_addr_size will always be true.
We can explicitly test host_addr_size == 0, but only for VM-Fail cases.

> +	u64 efer;
> +
> +	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved & ~ctrl_bit);
> +	efer = efer_saved & ~efer_bit;
> +	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
> +	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned off, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
> +			    fld_name, efer);
> +	test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
> +	report_prefix_pop();
> +
> +	efer = efer_saved | efer_bit;
> +	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
> +	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned on, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
> +			    fld_name, efer);
> +	test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
> +	report_prefix_pop();
> +
> +	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved | ctrl_bit);
> +	efer = efer_saved & ~efer_bit;
> +	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
> +	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned off, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
> +			    fld_name, efer);
> +	if (host_addr_size)
> +		test_vmx_vmlaunch(VMXERR_ENTRY_INVALID_HOST_STATE_FIELD,
> +				  false);
> +	else
> +		test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
> +	report_prefix_pop();
> +
> +	efer = efer_saved | efer_bit;
> +	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
> +	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned on, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
> +			    fld_name, efer);
> +	if (host_addr_size)
> +		test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
> +	else
> +		test_vmx_vmlaunch(VMXERR_ENTRY_INVALID_HOST_STATE_FIELD,
> +				  false);
> +	report_prefix_pop();
> +
> +	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved);
> +	vmcs_write(fld, efer_saved);
> +}
> +
> +static void test_efer(u32 fld, const char * fld_name, u32 ctrl_fld,
> +		      u64 ctrl_bit)
> +{
> +	u64 efer_saved = vmcs_read(fld);
> +	u32 ctrl_saved = vmcs_read(ctrl_fld);
> +	u64 efer_reserved_bits =  ~((u64)(EFER_SCE | EFER_LME | EFER_LMA));
> +	u64 i;
> +	u64 efer;
> +
> +	if (efer_nx_enabled())
> +		efer_reserved_bits &= ~EFER_NX;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Check reserved bits
> +	 */
> +	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved & ~ctrl_bit);
> +	for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
> +		if ((1ull << i) & efer_reserved_bits) {
> +			efer = efer_saved | (1ull << i);
> +			vmcs_write(fld, efer);
> +			report_prefix_pushf("%s %lx", fld_name, efer);
> +			test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
> +			report_prefix_pop();
> +		}
> +	}

Eh, this feels like a waste of 63 VMLAUNCHes.  My vote would be to do a
single VMLAUNCH with all reserved bits set and the control disabled.

> +	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved | ctrl_bit);
> +	for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
> +		if ((1ull << i) & efer_reserved_bits) {
> +			efer = efer_saved | (1ull << i);
> +			vmcs_write(fld, efer);
> +			report_prefix_pushf("%s %lx", fld_name, efer);
> +			test_vmx_vmlaunch(
> +				VMXERR_ENTRY_INVALID_HOST_STATE_FIELD,
> +				false);
> +			report_prefix_pop();
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved);
> +	vmcs_write(fld, efer_saved);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Check LMA and LME bits
> +	 */
> +	test_efer_bit(fld, fld_name, ctrl_fld, ctrl_bit, EFER_LMA,
> +		      "EFER_LMA");
> +	test_efer_bit(fld, fld_name, ctrl_fld, ctrl_bit, EFER_LME,
> +		      "EFER_LME");
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * If the “load IA32_EFER” VM-exit control is 1, bits reserved in the
> + * IA32_EFER MSR must be 0 in the field for that register. In addition,
> + * the values of the LMA and LME bits in the field must each be that of
> + * the “host address-space size” VM-exit control.
> + *
> + *  [Intel SDM]
> + */
> +static void test_host_efer(void)
> +{
> +	if (!(ctrl_exit_rev.clr & EXI_LOAD_EFER)) {
> +		printf("\"Load-IA32-EFER\" exit control not supported\n");
> +		return;
> +	}
> +
> +	test_efer(HOST_EFER, "HOST_EFER", EXI_CONTROLS, EXI_LOAD_EFER);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * PAT values higher than 8 are uninteresting since they're likely lumped
>   * in with "8". We only test values above 8 one bit at a time,
> @@ -5268,6 +5388,7 @@ static void vmx_host_state_area_test(void)
>  	test_sysenter_field(HOST_SYSENTER_ESP, "HOST_SYSENTER_ESP");
>  	test_sysenter_field(HOST_SYSENTER_EIP, "HOST_SYSENTER_EIP");
>  
> +	test_host_efer();
>  	test_host_perf_global_ctl();
>  	test_load_host_pat();
>  }
> -- 
> 2.20.1
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/x86/vmx_tests.c b/x86/vmx_tests.c
index 8cb1708..32fa16d 100644
--- a/x86/vmx_tests.c
+++ b/x86/vmx_tests.c
@@ -5136,6 +5136,126 @@  static void test_guest_perf_global_ctl(void)
 			     ENT_CONTROLS, ENT_LOAD_PERF);
 }
 
+static void test_efer_bit(u32 fld, const char * fld_name, u32 ctrl_fld,
+			   u64 ctrl_bit, u64 efer_bit,
+			   const char *efer_bit_name)
+{
+	u64 efer_saved = vmcs_read(fld);
+	u32 ctrl_saved = vmcs_read(ctrl_fld);
+	u64 host_addr_size = ctrl_saved & EXI_HOST_64;
+	u64 efer;
+
+	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved & ~ctrl_bit);
+	efer = efer_saved & ~efer_bit;
+	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
+	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned off, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
+			    fld_name, efer);
+	test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
+	report_prefix_pop();
+
+	efer = efer_saved | efer_bit;
+	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
+	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned on, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
+			    fld_name, efer);
+	test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
+	report_prefix_pop();
+
+	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved | ctrl_bit);
+	efer = efer_saved & ~efer_bit;
+	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
+	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned off, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
+			    fld_name, efer);
+	if (host_addr_size)
+		test_vmx_vmlaunch(VMXERR_ENTRY_INVALID_HOST_STATE_FIELD,
+				  false);
+	else
+		test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
+	report_prefix_pop();
+
+	efer = efer_saved | efer_bit;
+	vmcs_write(fld, efer);
+	report_prefix_pushf("%s bit turned on, %s %lx", efer_bit_name,
+			    fld_name, efer);
+	if (host_addr_size)
+		test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
+	else
+		test_vmx_vmlaunch(VMXERR_ENTRY_INVALID_HOST_STATE_FIELD,
+				  false);
+	report_prefix_pop();
+
+	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved);
+	vmcs_write(fld, efer_saved);
+}
+
+static void test_efer(u32 fld, const char * fld_name, u32 ctrl_fld,
+		      u64 ctrl_bit)
+{
+	u64 efer_saved = vmcs_read(fld);
+	u32 ctrl_saved = vmcs_read(ctrl_fld);
+	u64 efer_reserved_bits =  ~((u64)(EFER_SCE | EFER_LME | EFER_LMA));
+	u64 i;
+	u64 efer;
+
+	if (efer_nx_enabled())
+		efer_reserved_bits &= ~EFER_NX;
+
+	/*
+	 * Check reserved bits
+	 */
+	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved & ~ctrl_bit);
+	for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
+		if ((1ull << i) & efer_reserved_bits) {
+			efer = efer_saved | (1ull << i);
+			vmcs_write(fld, efer);
+			report_prefix_pushf("%s %lx", fld_name, efer);
+			test_vmx_vmlaunch(0, false);
+			report_prefix_pop();
+		}
+	}
+
+	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved | ctrl_bit);
+	for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
+		if ((1ull << i) & efer_reserved_bits) {
+			efer = efer_saved | (1ull << i);
+			vmcs_write(fld, efer);
+			report_prefix_pushf("%s %lx", fld_name, efer);
+			test_vmx_vmlaunch(
+				VMXERR_ENTRY_INVALID_HOST_STATE_FIELD,
+				false);
+			report_prefix_pop();
+		}
+	}
+
+	vmcs_write(ctrl_fld, ctrl_saved);
+	vmcs_write(fld, efer_saved);
+
+	/*
+	 * Check LMA and LME bits
+	 */
+	test_efer_bit(fld, fld_name, ctrl_fld, ctrl_bit, EFER_LMA,
+		      "EFER_LMA");
+	test_efer_bit(fld, fld_name, ctrl_fld, ctrl_bit, EFER_LME,
+		      "EFER_LME");
+}
+
+/*
+ * If the “load IA32_EFER” VM-exit control is 1, bits reserved in the
+ * IA32_EFER MSR must be 0 in the field for that register. In addition,
+ * the values of the LMA and LME bits in the field must each be that of
+ * the “host address-space size” VM-exit control.
+ *
+ *  [Intel SDM]
+ */
+static void test_host_efer(void)
+{
+	if (!(ctrl_exit_rev.clr & EXI_LOAD_EFER)) {
+		printf("\"Load-IA32-EFER\" exit control not supported\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	test_efer(HOST_EFER, "HOST_EFER", EXI_CONTROLS, EXI_LOAD_EFER);
+}
+
 /*
  * PAT values higher than 8 are uninteresting since they're likely lumped
  * in with "8". We only test values above 8 one bit at a time,
@@ -5268,6 +5388,7 @@  static void vmx_host_state_area_test(void)
 	test_sysenter_field(HOST_SYSENTER_ESP, "HOST_SYSENTER_ESP");
 	test_sysenter_field(HOST_SYSENTER_EIP, "HOST_SYSENTER_EIP");
 
+	test_host_efer();
 	test_host_perf_global_ctl();
 	test_load_host_pat();
 }