[35/60] xen/sched: add code to sync scheduling of all vcpus of a sched unit
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190528103313.1343-36-jgross@suse.com
State New, archived
Headers show
Series
  • xen: add core scheduling support
Related show

Commit Message

Jürgen Groß May 28, 2019, 10:32 a.m. UTC
When switching sched units synchronize all vcpus of the new unit to be
scheduled at the same time.

A variable sched_granularity is added which holds the number of vcpus
per schedule unit.

As tasklets require to schedule the idle unit it is required to set the
tasklet_work_scheduled parameter of do_schedule() to true if any cpu
covered by the current schedule() call has any pending tasklet work.

For joining other vcpus of the schedule unit we need to add a new
softirq SCHED_SLAVE_SOFTIRQ in order to have a way to initiate a
context switch without calling the generic schedule() function
selecting the vcpu to switch to, as we already know which vcpu we
want to run. This has the other advantage not to loose any other
concurrent SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ events.

Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
---
RFC V2: move syncing after context_switch() to schedule.c
---
 xen/arch/arm/domain.c      |   2 +-
 xen/arch/x86/domain.c      |   3 +-
 xen/common/schedule.c      | 326 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 xen/common/softirq.c       |   6 +-
 xen/include/xen/sched-if.h |   1 +
 xen/include/xen/sched.h    |  16 ++-
 xen/include/xen/softirq.h  |   1 +
 7 files changed, 269 insertions(+), 86 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/domain.c b/xen/arch/arm/domain.c
index ff330b35e6..9140a79c60 100644
--- a/xen/arch/arm/domain.c
+++ b/xen/arch/arm/domain.c
@@ -313,7 +313,7 @@  static void schedule_tail(struct vcpu *prev)
 
     local_irq_enable();
 
-    context_saved(prev);
+    sched_context_switched(prev, current);
 
     update_runstate_area(current);
 
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/domain.c b/xen/arch/x86/domain.c
index ac960ddd40..d3ee699da6 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/domain.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/domain.c
@@ -1721,7 +1721,6 @@  static void __context_switch(void)
     per_cpu(curr_vcpu, cpu) = n;
 }
 
-
 void context_switch(struct vcpu *prev, struct vcpu *next)
 {
     unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
@@ -1797,7 +1796,7 @@  void context_switch(struct vcpu *prev, struct vcpu *next)
         }
     }
 
-    context_saved(prev);
+    sched_context_switched(prev, next);
 
     _update_runstate_area(next);
     /* Must be done with interrupts enabled */
diff --git a/xen/common/schedule.c b/xen/common/schedule.c
index c23a5629de..9de315ada1 100644
--- a/xen/common/schedule.c
+++ b/xen/common/schedule.c
@@ -54,6 +54,10 @@  boolean_param("sched_smt_power_savings", sched_smt_power_savings);
  * */
 int sched_ratelimit_us = SCHED_DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_US;
 integer_param("sched_ratelimit_us", sched_ratelimit_us);
+
+/* Number of vcpus per struct sched_unit. */
+static unsigned int sched_granularity = 1;
+
 /* Various timer handlers. */
 static void s_timer_fn(void *unused);
 static void vcpu_periodic_timer_fn(void *data);
@@ -1574,134 +1578,304 @@  static void vcpu_periodic_timer_work(struct vcpu *v)
     set_timer(&v->periodic_timer, periodic_next_event);
 }
 
-/*
- * The main function
- * - deschedule the current domain (scheduler independent).
- * - pick a new domain (scheduler dependent).
- */
-static void schedule(void)
+static void sched_switch_units(struct sched_resource *sd,
+                               struct sched_unit *next, struct sched_unit *prev,
+                               s_time_t now)
 {
-    struct sched_unit    *prev = current->sched_unit, *next = NULL;
-    s_time_t              now;
-    struct scheduler     *sched;
-    unsigned long        *tasklet_work = &this_cpu(tasklet_work_to_do);
-    bool                  tasklet_work_scheduled = false;
-    struct sched_resource *sd;
-    spinlock_t           *lock;
-    int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+    sd->curr = next;
 
-    ASSERT_NOT_IN_ATOMIC();
+    TRACE_3D(TRC_SCHED_SWITCH_INFPREV, prev->domain->domain_id, prev->unit_id,
+             now - prev->state_entry_time);
+    TRACE_4D(TRC_SCHED_SWITCH_INFNEXT, next->domain->domain_id, next->unit_id,
+             (next->vcpu->runstate.state == RUNSTATE_runnable) ?
+             (now - next->state_entry_time) : 0, prev->next_time);
 
-    SCHED_STAT_CRANK(sched_run);
+    ASSERT(prev->vcpu->runstate.state == RUNSTATE_running);
 
-    sd = get_sched_res(cpu);
+    TRACE_4D(TRC_SCHED_SWITCH, prev->domain->domain_id, prev->unit_id,
+             next->domain->domain_id, next->unit_id);
+
+    sched_unit_runstate_change(prev, false, now);
+    prev->last_run_time = now;
+
+    ASSERT(next->vcpu->runstate.state != RUNSTATE_running);
+    sched_unit_runstate_change(next, true, now);
+
+    /*
+     * NB. Don't add any trace records from here until the actual context
+     * switch, else lost_records resume will not work properly.
+     */
+
+    ASSERT(!next->is_running);
+    next->vcpu->is_running = 1;
+    next->is_running = 1;
+}
+
+static bool sched_tasklet_check_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+    unsigned long *tasklet_work = &per_cpu(tasklet_work_to_do, cpu);
 
-    /* Update tasklet scheduling status. */
     switch ( *tasklet_work )
     {
     case TASKLET_enqueued:
         set_bit(_TASKLET_scheduled, tasklet_work);
         /* fallthrough */
     case TASKLET_enqueued|TASKLET_scheduled:
-        tasklet_work_scheduled = true;
+        return true;
         break;
     case TASKLET_scheduled:
         clear_bit(_TASKLET_scheduled, tasklet_work);
+        /* fallthrough */
     case 0:
-        /*tasklet_work_scheduled = false;*/
+        /* return false; */
         break;
     default:
         BUG();
     }
 
-    lock = pcpu_schedule_lock_irq(cpu);
+    return false;
+}
 
-    now = NOW();
+static bool sched_tasklet_check(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+    bool tasklet_work_scheduled = false;
+    const cpumask_t *mask = get_sched_res(cpu)->cpus;
+    int cpu_iter;
 
-    stop_timer(&sd->s_timer);
+    for_each_cpu ( cpu_iter, mask )
+        if ( sched_tasklet_check_cpu(cpu_iter) )
+            tasklet_work_scheduled = true;
+
+    return tasklet_work_scheduled;
+}
+
+static struct sched_unit *do_schedule(struct sched_unit *prev, s_time_t now,
+                                      unsigned int cpu)
+{
+    struct scheduler *sched = per_cpu(scheduler, cpu);
+    struct sched_resource *sd = get_sched_res(cpu);
+    struct sched_unit *next;
 
     /* get policy-specific decision on scheduling... */
-    sched = this_cpu(scheduler);
-    sched->do_schedule(sched, prev, now, tasklet_work_scheduled);
+    sched->do_schedule(sched, prev, now, sched_tasklet_check(cpu));
 
     next = prev->next_task;
 
-    sd->curr = next;
-
     if ( prev->next_time >= 0 ) /* -ve means no limit */
         set_timer(&sd->s_timer, now + prev->next_time);
 
-    if ( unlikely(prev == next) )
+    if ( likely(prev != next) )
+        sched_switch_units(sd, next, prev, now);
+
+    return next;
+}
+
+static void context_saved(struct vcpu *prev)
+{
+    struct sched_unit *unit = prev->sched_unit;
+
+    unit->is_running = 0;
+    unit->state_entry_time = NOW();
+
+    /* Check for migration request /after/ clearing running flag. */
+    smp_mb();
+
+    sched_context_saved(vcpu_scheduler(prev), unit);
+
+    sched_unit_migrate_finish(unit);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Rendezvous on end of context switch.
+ * As no lock is protecting this rendezvous function we need to use atomic
+ * access functions on the counter.
+ * The counter will be 0 in case no rendezvous is needed. For the rendezvous
+ * case it is initialised to the number of cpus to rendezvous plus 1. Each
+ * member entering decrements the counter. The last one will decrement it to
+ * 1 and perform the final needed action in that case (call of context_saved()
+ * if vcpu was switched), and then set the counter to zero. The other members
+ * will wait until the counter becomes zero until they proceed.
+ */
+void sched_context_switched(struct vcpu *vprev, struct vcpu *vnext)
+{
+    struct sched_unit *next = vnext->sched_unit;
+
+    /* Clear running flag /after/ writing context to memory. */
+    smp_wmb();
+
+    vprev->is_running = 0;
+
+    if ( atomic_read(&next->rendezvous_out_cnt) )
+    {
+        int cnt = atomic_dec_return(&next->rendezvous_out_cnt);
+
+        /* Call context_saved() before releasing other waiters. */
+        if ( cnt == 1 )
+        {
+            if ( vprev != vnext )
+                context_saved(vprev);
+            atomic_set(&next->rendezvous_out_cnt, 0);
+        }
+        else
+            while ( atomic_read(&next->rendezvous_out_cnt) )
+                cpu_relax();
+    }
+    else if ( vprev != vnext )
+        context_saved(vprev);
+}
+
+static void sched_context_switch(struct vcpu *vprev, struct vcpu *vnext,
+                                 s_time_t now)
+{
+    if ( unlikely(vprev == vnext) )
     {
-        pcpu_schedule_unlock_irq(lock, cpu);
         TRACE_4D(TRC_SCHED_SWITCH_INFCONT,
-                 next->domain->domain_id, next->unit_id,
-                 now - prev->state_entry_time,
-                 prev->next_time);
-        trace_continue_running(next->vcpu);
-        return continue_running(prev->vcpu);
+                 vnext->domain->domain_id, vnext->sched_unit->unit_id,
+                 now - vprev->runstate.state_entry_time,
+                 vprev->sched_unit->next_time);
+        sched_context_switched(vprev, vnext);
+        trace_continue_running(vnext);
+        return continue_running(vprev);
     }
 
-    TRACE_3D(TRC_SCHED_SWITCH_INFPREV,
-             prev->domain->domain_id, prev->unit_id,
-             now - prev->state_entry_time);
-    TRACE_4D(TRC_SCHED_SWITCH_INFNEXT,
-             next->domain->domain_id, next->unit_id,
-             (next->vcpu->runstate.state == RUNSTATE_runnable) ?
-             (now - next->state_entry_time) : 0,
-             prev->next_time);
+    SCHED_STAT_CRANK(sched_ctx);
 
-    ASSERT(prev->vcpu->runstate.state == RUNSTATE_running);
+    stop_timer(&vprev->periodic_timer);
 
-    TRACE_4D(TRC_SCHED_SWITCH,
-             prev->domain->domain_id, prev->unit_id,
-             next->domain->domain_id, next->unit_id);
+    if ( vnext->sched_unit->migrated )
+        vcpu_move_irqs(vnext);
 
-    sched_unit_runstate_change(prev, false, now);
-    prev->last_run_time = now;
+    vcpu_periodic_timer_work(vnext);
 
-    ASSERT(next->vcpu->runstate.state != RUNSTATE_running);
-    sched_unit_runstate_change(next, true, now);
+    context_switch(vprev, vnext);
+}
 
-    /*
-     * NB. Don't add any trace records from here until the actual context
-     * switch, else lost_records resume will not work properly.
-     */
+/*
+ * Rendezvous before taking a scheduling decision.
+ * Called with schedule lock held, so all accesses to the rendezvous counter
+ * can be normal ones (no atomic accesses needed).
+ * The counter is initialized to the number of cpus to rendezvous initially.
+ * Each cpu entering will decrement the counter. In case the counter becomes
+ * zero do_schedule() is called and the rendezvous counter for leaving
+ * context_switch() is set. All other members will wait until the counter is
+ * becoming zero, dropping the schedule lock in between.
+ */
+static struct sched_unit *sched_wait_rendezvous_in(struct sched_unit *prev,
+                                                   spinlock_t *lock, int cpu,
+                                                   s_time_t now)
+{
+    struct sched_unit *next;
 
-    ASSERT(!next->is_running);
-    next->vcpu->is_running = 1;
-    next->is_running = 1;
-    next->state_entry_time = now;
+    if ( !--prev->rendezvous_in_cnt )
+    {
+        next = do_schedule(prev, now, cpu);
+        atomic_set(&next->rendezvous_out_cnt, sched_granularity + 1);
+        return next;
+    }
 
-    pcpu_schedule_unlock_irq(lock, cpu);
+    while ( prev->rendezvous_in_cnt )
+    {
+        pcpu_schedule_unlock_irq(lock, cpu);
 
-    SCHED_STAT_CRANK(sched_ctx);
+        /* Coming from idle might need to do tasklet work. */
+        if ( is_idle_unit(prev) && sched_tasklet_check_cpu(cpu) )
+            do_tasklet();
+        else
+            cpu_relax();
+
+        pcpu_schedule_lock_irq(cpu);
+    }
+
+    return prev->next_task;
+}
+
+static void sched_slave(void)
+{
+    struct vcpu          *vprev = current;
+    struct sched_unit    *prev = vprev->sched_unit, *next;
+    s_time_t              now;
+    spinlock_t           *lock;
+    int cpu = smp_processor_id();
 
-    stop_timer(&prev->vcpu->periodic_timer);
+    ASSERT_NOT_IN_ATOMIC();
+
+    lock = pcpu_schedule_lock_irq(cpu);
+
+    now = NOW();
+
+    if ( !prev->rendezvous_in_cnt )
+    {
+        pcpu_schedule_unlock_irq(lock, cpu);
+        return;
+    }
 
-    if ( next->migrated )
-        vcpu_move_irqs(next->vcpu);
+    stop_timer(&get_sched_res(cpu)->s_timer);
 
-    vcpu_periodic_timer_work(next->vcpu);
+    next = sched_wait_rendezvous_in(prev, lock, cpu, now);
 
-    context_switch(prev->vcpu, next->vcpu);
+    pcpu_schedule_unlock_irq(lock, cpu);
+
+    sched_context_switch(vprev, next->vcpu, now);
 }
 
-void context_saved(struct vcpu *prev)
+/*
+ * The main function
+ * - deschedule the current domain (scheduler independent).
+ * - pick a new domain (scheduler dependent).
+ */
+static void schedule(void)
 {
-    /* Clear running flag /after/ writing context to memory. */
-    smp_wmb();
+    struct vcpu          *vnext, *vprev = current;
+    struct sched_unit    *prev = vprev->sched_unit, *next = NULL;
+    s_time_t              now;
+    struct sched_resource *sd;
+    spinlock_t           *lock;
+    int cpu = smp_processor_id();
 
-    prev->is_running = 0;
-    prev->sched_unit->is_running = 0;
-    prev->sched_unit->state_entry_time = NOW();
+    ASSERT_NOT_IN_ATOMIC();
 
-    /* Check for migration request /after/ clearing running flag. */
-    smp_mb();
+    SCHED_STAT_CRANK(sched_run);
+
+    sd = get_sched_res(cpu);
+
+    lock = pcpu_schedule_lock_irq(cpu);
+
+    if ( prev->rendezvous_in_cnt )
+    {
+        /*
+         * We have a race: sched_slave() should be called, so raise a softirq
+         * in order to re-enter schedule() later and call sched_slave() now.
+         */
+        pcpu_schedule_unlock_irq(lock, cpu);
+
+        raise_softirq(SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ);
+        return sched_slave();
+    }
+
+    now = NOW();
 
-    sched_context_saved(vcpu_scheduler(prev), prev->sched_unit);
+    stop_timer(&sd->s_timer);
+
+    if ( sched_granularity > 1 )
+    {
+        cpumask_t mask;
+
+        prev->rendezvous_in_cnt = sched_granularity;
+        cpumask_andnot(&mask, sd->cpus, cpumask_of(cpu));
+        cpumask_raise_softirq(&mask, SCHED_SLAVE_SOFTIRQ);
+        next = sched_wait_rendezvous_in(prev, lock, cpu, now);
+    }
+    else
+    {
+        prev->rendezvous_in_cnt = 0;
+        next = do_schedule(prev, now, cpu);
+        atomic_set(&next->rendezvous_out_cnt, 0);
+    }
+
+    pcpu_schedule_unlock_irq(lock, cpu);
 
-    sched_unit_migrate_finish(prev->sched_unit);
+    vnext = next->vcpu;
+    sched_context_switch(vprev, vnext, now);
 }
 
 /* The scheduler timer: force a run through the scheduler */
@@ -1743,6 +1917,7 @@  static int cpu_schedule_up(unsigned int cpu)
     if ( sd == NULL )
         return -ENOMEM;
     sd->processor = cpu;
+    sd->cpus = cpumask_of(cpu);
     set_sched_res(cpu, sd);
 
     per_cpu(scheduler, cpu) = &ops;
@@ -1905,6 +2080,7 @@  void __init scheduler_init(void)
     int i;
 
     open_softirq(SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ, schedule);
+    open_softirq(SCHED_SLAVE_SOFTIRQ, sched_slave);
 
     for ( i = 0; i < NUM_SCHEDULERS; i++)
     {
diff --git a/xen/common/softirq.c b/xen/common/softirq.c
index 83c3c09bd5..2d66193203 100644
--- a/xen/common/softirq.c
+++ b/xen/common/softirq.c
@@ -33,8 +33,8 @@  static void __do_softirq(unsigned long ignore_mask)
     for ( ; ; )
     {
         /*
-         * Initialise @cpu on every iteration: SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ may move
-         * us to another processor.
+         * Initialise @cpu on every iteration: SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ or
+         * SCHED_SLAVE_SOFTIRQ may move us to another processor.
          */
         cpu = smp_processor_id();
 
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@  void process_pending_softirqs(void)
 {
     ASSERT(!in_irq() && local_irq_is_enabled());
     /* Do not enter scheduler as it can preempt the calling context. */
-    __do_softirq(1ul<<SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ);
+    __do_softirq((1ul << SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ) | (1ul << SCHED_SLAVE_SOFTIRQ));
 }
 
 void do_softirq(void)
diff --git a/xen/include/xen/sched-if.h b/xen/include/xen/sched-if.h
index 7163ee869b..e66d866f41 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/sched-if.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/sched-if.h
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@  struct sched_resource {
     struct timer        s_timer;        /* scheduling timer                */
     atomic_t            urgent_count;   /* how many urgent vcpus           */
     unsigned int        processor;
+    const cpumask_t    *cpus;           /* cpus covered by this struct     */
 };
 
 #define curr_on_cpu(c)    (get_sched_res(c)->curr)
diff --git a/xen/include/xen/sched.h b/xen/include/xen/sched.h
index d0048711cf..9ff9cb148d 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/sched.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/sched.h
@@ -295,6 +295,12 @@  struct sched_unit {
     /* Next unit to run. */
     struct sched_unit      *next_task;
     s_time_t                next_time;
+
+    /* Number of vcpus not yet joined for context switch. */
+    unsigned int            rendezvous_in_cnt;
+
+    /* Number of vcpus not yet finished with context switch. */
+    atomic_t                rendezvous_out_cnt;
 };
 
 #define for_each_sched_unit(d, e)                                         \
@@ -695,10 +701,10 @@  void sync_local_execstate(void);
 
 /*
  * Called by the scheduler to switch to another VCPU. This function must
- * call context_saved(@prev) when the local CPU is no longer running in
- * @prev's context, and that context is saved to memory. Alternatively, if
- * implementing lazy context switching, it suffices to ensure that invoking
- * sync_vcpu_execstate() will switch and commit @prev's state.
+ * call sched_context_switched(@prev, @next) when the local CPU is no longer
+ * running in @prev's context, and that context is saved to memory.
+ * Alternatively, if implementing lazy context switching, it suffices to ensure
+ * that invoking sync_vcpu_execstate() will switch and commit @prev's state.
  */
 void context_switch(
     struct vcpu *prev,
@@ -710,7 +716,7 @@  void context_switch(
  * saved to memory. Alternatively, if implementing lazy context switching,
  * ensure that invoking sync_vcpu_execstate() will switch and commit @prev.
  */
-void context_saved(struct vcpu *prev);
+void sched_context_switched(struct vcpu *prev, struct vcpu *vnext);
 
 /* Called by the scheduler to continue running the current VCPU. */
 void continue_running(
diff --git a/xen/include/xen/softirq.h b/xen/include/xen/softirq.h
index c327c9b6cd..d7273b389b 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/softirq.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/softirq.h
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ 
 /* Low-latency softirqs come first in the following list. */
 enum {
     TIMER_SOFTIRQ = 0,
+    SCHED_SLAVE_SOFTIRQ,
     SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ,
     NEW_TLBFLUSH_CLOCK_PERIOD_SOFTIRQ,
     RCU_SOFTIRQ,