[1/9] libxfs: break out the GETXATTR/SETXATTR manpage
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Message ID 155993574662.2343530.11024375240678275350.stgit@magnolia
State New
Headers show
Series
  • xfsprogs: document the ioctls scrub uses
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Commit Message

Darrick J. Wong June 7, 2019, 7:29 p.m. UTC
From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>

Break out the xfs file attribute get and set ioctls into a separate
manpage to reduce clutter in xfsctl.

Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
---
 man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 |  219 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 man/man3/xfsctl.3               |  159 +---------------------------
 2 files changed, 227 insertions(+), 151 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2

Comments

Eric Sandeen June 14, 2019, 9:17 p.m. UTC | #1
On 6/7/19 2:29 PM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> 
> Break out the xfs file attribute get and set ioctls into a separate
> manpage to reduce clutter in xfsctl.

<comes up for air>

Now that we've uh, hoisted it to be a generic vfs interface,
FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, shouldn't we be documenting it as that instead
of the (old) xfs variant?

(honestly that'd be mostly just search and replace for this patch)

Except of course XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA has no vfs variant.  :/

I also wonder if FS_IOC_SETFLAGS should be mentioned, and/or a
SEE_ALSO because some of the functionality overlaps?

> Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> ---
>  man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 |  219 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  man/man3/xfsctl.3               |  159 +---------------------------
>  2 files changed, 227 insertions(+), 151 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> 
> 
> diff --git a/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> new file mode 100644
> index 00000000..17276dec
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> @@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
> +.\" %%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+_DOC_FULL)
> +.\" SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +.\" %%%LICENSE_END
> +.TH IOCTL-XFS-FSGETXATTR 2 2019-04-16 "XFS"
> +.SH NAME
> +ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr \- query information for an open file
> +.SH SYNOPSIS
> +.br
> +.B #include <linux/fs.h>
> +.PP
> +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> +.PP

maybe

.br

here to keep it more compact?  Unless there's a manpage style I'm unaware
of?

> +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> +.PP
> +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> +.SH DESCRIPTION
> +Query or set additional attributes associated with files in various file
> +systems.

(it was the "various filesystems" which caught my eye and reminded me to
ask the first question)

> +The attributes are conveyed in a structure of the form:
> +.PP
> +.in +4n
> +.nf
> +struct fsxattr {
> +	__u32         fsx_xflags;
> +	__u32         fsx_extsize;
> +	__u32         fsx_nextents;
> +	__u32         fsx_projid;
> +	__u32         fsx_cowextsize;
> +	unsigned char fsx_pad[8];
> +};
> +.fi
> +.in
> +.PP
> +.I fsx_xflags
> +are extended flags that apply to this file.
> +This field can be a combination of the following:
> +
> +.RS 0.4i
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_REALTIME
> +The file is a realtime file.
> +This bit can only be changed when the file is empty.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_PREALLOC
> +The file has preallocated space.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE
> +The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
> +no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
> +file.
> +Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> +capability can set or clear this flag.
> +If this flag is set before a
> +.B FS_IOC_SETXATTR

(and here you do refer to the non-XFS variant)

> +call and would not be cleared by the call, then no other attributes can be
> +changed and
> +.B EPERM
> +will be returned.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_APPEND
> +The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
> +writing.
> +Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> +capability can set or clear this flag.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_SYNC
> +All writes to the file are synchronous.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_NOATIME
> +When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_NODUMP
> +The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT
> +Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
> +will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
> +the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT
> +Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> +the directory will inherit the parents project ID.

s/parents/parent directory's/

> +New directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.

also may as well keep the text for RTINHERIT and PROJINHERIT
identical other than the bit name/description.

> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS
> +Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
> +symbolic links in that directory.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
> +Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
> +then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
> +this file (see
> +.B fsx_extsize
> +below).
> +This flag can only be set on a file if it is empty.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT
> +Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> +the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see

s/parents/parent directory's/

again probably keep text same as RTINHERIT/PROJINHERIT modulo bit name.

> +.B fsx_extsize
> +below).
> +Can only be set on a directory.

(i.e. the others "can only be set on a directory" too right?)

> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG
> +No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
> +operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
> +inherit the no\-defrag bit.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM
> +Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation group
> +for exclusive use by files created within that directory.
> +Files being written in other directories will not use the same allocation group
> +and so files within different directories will not interleave extents on disk.
> +The reservation is only active while files are being created and written into
> +the directory.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_DAX
> +If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
> +writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
> +page cache.
> +A file cannot be reflinked and have the
> +.BR FS_XFLAG_DAX
> +set at the same time.

Since you can't even mount that way, I suppose not ....

> +That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
> +If this flag is set on a directory, files created within that directory will
> +have this flag set.

Documenting DAX is a bold move...

Do subdirs not inherit the flag?


> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
> +Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
> +the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
> +in multiples of the set size for this file (see
> +.B fsx_cowextsize
> +below).
> +If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
> +created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
> +.TP
> +.B FS_XFLAG_HASATTR
> +The file has extended attributes associated with it.
> +.RE
> +.PP
> +.PD
> +
> +.PP
> +.I fsx_extsize
> +is the preferred extent allocation size for data blocks mapped to this file,
> +in units of filesystem blocks.
> +If this value is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option, which
> +is currently zero.
> +If
> +.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> +is called with
> +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
> +set in
> +.I fsx_xflags
> +and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
> +.PP
> +.I fsx_nextents
> +is the number of data extents in this file.
> +If
> +.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> +was used, then this is the number of extended attribute extents in the file.
> +.PP
> +.I fsx_projid
> +is the project ID of this file.
> +.PP
> +.I fsx_cowextsize
> +is the preferred extent allocation size for copy on write operations
> +targeting this file, in units of filesystem blocks.
> +If this field is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option,
> +which is currently 128 filesystem blocks.
> +If
> +.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> +is called with
> +.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
> +set in
> +.I fsx_xflags
> +and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
> +
> +.PP
> +.I fsx_pad
> +must be zeroed.
> +
> +.SH RETURN VALUE
> +On error, \-1 is returned, and
> +.I errno
> +is set to indicate the error.
> +.PP
> +.SH ERRORS
> +Error codes can be one of, but are not limited to, the following:
> +.TP
> +.B EACCESS
> +Caller does not have sufficient access to change the attributes.
> +.TP
> +.B EFAULT
> +The kernel was not able to copy into the userspace buffer.
> +.TP
> +.B EFSBADCRC
> +Metadata checksum validation failed while performing the query.
> +.TP
> +.B EFSCORRUPTED
> +Metadata corruption was encountered while performing the query.
> +.TP
> +.B EINVAL
> +One of the arguments was not valid.
> +.TP
> +.B EIO
> +An I/O error was encountered while performing the query.
> +.TP
> +.B ENOMEM
> +There was insufficient memory to perform the query.
> +.TP
> +.B EPERM
> +Caller did not have permission to change the attributes.
> +.SH CONFORMING TO
> +This API is implemented by the ext4, xfs, btrfs, and f2fs filesystems on the
> +Linux kernel.
> +Not all fields may be understood by filesystems other than xfs.
> +.SH SEE ALSO
> +.BR ioctl (2)
> diff --git a/man/man3/xfsctl.3 b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> index 462ccbd8..2992b5be 100644
> --- a/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> +++ b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> @@ -132,161 +132,17 @@ will fail with EINVAL.
>  All I/O requests are kept consistent with any data brought into
>  the cache with an access through a non-direct I/O file descriptor.
>  
> -.TP
> -.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
> -Get additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
> -The final argument points to a variable of type
> -.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
> -whose fields include:
> -.B fsx_xflags
> -(extended flag bits),
> -.B fsx_extsize
> -(nominal extent size in file system blocks),
> -.B fsx_nextents
> -(number of data extents in the file).
> -A
> -.B fsx_extsize
> -value returned indicates that a preferred extent size was previously
> -set on the file, a
> -.B fsx_extsize
> -of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
> -A
> -.B fsx_cowextsize
> -value returned indicates that a preferred copy on write extent size was
> -previously set on the file, whereas a
> -.B fsx_cowextsize
> -of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
> -The current default for
> -.B fsx_cowextsize
> -is 128 blocks.
> -Currently the meaningful bits for the
> -.B fsx_xflags
> -field are:
> -.PD 0
> -.RS
> -.TP 1.0i
> -.SM "Bit 0 (0x1) \- XFS_XFLAG_REALTIME"
> -The file is a realtime file.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 1 (0x2) \- XFS_XFLAG_PREALLOC"
> -The file has preallocated space.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 3 (0x8) \- XFS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE"
> -The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
> -no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
> -file.
> -Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> -capability can set or clear this flag.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 4 (0x10) \- XFS_XFLAG_APPEND"
> -The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
> -writing.
> -Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> -capability can set or clear this flag.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 5 (0x20) \- XFS_XFLAG_SYNC"
> -All writes to the file are synchronous.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 6 (0x40) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOATIME"
> -When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 7 (0x80) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODUMP"
> -The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 8 (0x100) \- XFS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT"
> -Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
> -will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
> -the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 9 (0x200) \- XFS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT"
> -Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> -the directory will inherit the parents project ID.  New
> -directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 10 (0x400) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS"
> -Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
> -symbolic links in that directory.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 11 (0x800) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE"
> -Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
> -then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
> -this file (see
> -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> -below).
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 12 (0x1000) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT"
> -Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> -the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see
> -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> -below).
> -Can only be set on a directory.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 13 (0x2000) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG"
> -No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
> -operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
> -inherit the no\-defrag bit.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 14 (0x4000) \- XFS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM"
> -Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation
> -group for exclusive use by files created within that directory. Files
> -being written in other directories will not use the same allocation
> -group and so files within different directories will not interleave
> -extents on disk. The reservation is only active while files are being
> -created and written into the directory.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 15 (0x8000) \- XFS_XFLAG_DAX"
> -If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
> -writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
> -page cache.
> -A file cannot be reflinked and have the
> -.BR XFS_XFLAG_DAX
> -set at the same time.
> -That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 16 (0x10000) \- XFS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE"
> -Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
> -the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
> -in multiples of the set size for this file (see
> -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> -below).
> -If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
> -created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
> -.TP
> -.SM "Bit 31 (0x80000000) \- XFS_XFLAG_HASATTR"
> -The file has extended attributes associated with it.
> -.RE
>  .PP
> -.PD
> -
> -.TP
> -.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> -Identical to
> +.nf
>  .B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
> -except that the
> -.B fsx_nextents
> -field contains the number of attribute extents in the file.
> -
> +.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> +.fi
> +.PD 0
>  .TP
>  .B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> -Set additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
> -The final argument points to a variable of type
> -.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
> -but only the following fields are used in this call:
> -.BR fsx_xflags ,
> -.BR fsx_extsize ,
> -.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
> -and
> -.BR fsx_projid .
> -The
> -.B fsx_xflags
> -realtime file bit and the file's extent size may be changed only
> -when the file is empty, except in the case of a directory where
> -the extent size can be set at any time (this value is only used
> -for regular file allocations, so should only be set on a directory
> -in conjunction with the XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT flag).
> -The copy on write extent size,
> -.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
> -can be set at any time.
> +See
> +.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2)
> +for more information.
>  
>  .TP
>  .B XFS_IOC_GETBMAP
> @@ -649,6 +505,7 @@ The remainder of these operations will not be described further
>  as they are not of general use to applications.
>  
>  .SH SEE ALSO
> +.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2),
>  .BR fstatfs (2),
>  .BR statfs (2),
>  .BR xfs (5),
>
Darrick J. Wong June 15, 2019, 4:43 p.m. UTC | #2
On Fri, Jun 14, 2019 at 04:17:10PM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> On 6/7/19 2:29 PM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > 
> > Break out the xfs file attribute get and set ioctls into a separate
> > manpage to reduce clutter in xfsctl.
> 
> <comes up for air>
> 
> Now that we've uh, hoisted it to be a generic vfs interface,
> FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, shouldn't we be documenting it as that instead
> of the (old) xfs variant?

No, first we document the old xfs ioctl, then we move the manpage over
to the main man-pages.git project as the vfs ioctl, and then we update
the xfsprogs manpage to say "Please refer to the VFS documentation but
in case your system doesn't have it, here you go..." :)

> 
> (honestly that'd be mostly just search and replace for this patch)
> 
> Except of course XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA has no vfs variant.  :/
> 
> I also wonder if FS_IOC_SETFLAGS should be mentioned, and/or a
> SEE_ALSO because some of the functionality overlaps?

Oh, wow, there's actually a manpage for it...

...bleh, it's the weekend, I'll respond to the rest later.

--D

> > Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > ---
> >  man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 |  219 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  man/man3/xfsctl.3               |  159 +---------------------------
> >  2 files changed, 227 insertions(+), 151 deletions(-)
> >  create mode 100644 man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> > 
> > 
> > diff --git a/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 00000000..17276dec
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> > @@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
> > +.\" %%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+_DOC_FULL)
> > +.\" SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> > +.\" %%%LICENSE_END
> > +.TH IOCTL-XFS-FSGETXATTR 2 2019-04-16 "XFS"
> > +.SH NAME
> > +ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr \- query information for an open file
> > +.SH SYNOPSIS
> > +.br
> > +.B #include <linux/fs.h>
> > +.PP
> > +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> > +.PP
> 
> maybe
> 
> .br
> 
> here to keep it more compact?  Unless there's a manpage style I'm unaware
> of?
> 
> > +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> > +.PP
> > +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> > +.SH DESCRIPTION
> > +Query or set additional attributes associated with files in various file
> > +systems.
> 
> (it was the "various filesystems" which caught my eye and reminded me to
> ask the first question)
> 
> > +The attributes are conveyed in a structure of the form:
> > +.PP
> > +.in +4n
> > +.nf
> > +struct fsxattr {
> > +	__u32         fsx_xflags;
> > +	__u32         fsx_extsize;
> > +	__u32         fsx_nextents;
> > +	__u32         fsx_projid;
> > +	__u32         fsx_cowextsize;
> > +	unsigned char fsx_pad[8];
> > +};
> > +.fi
> > +.in
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_xflags
> > +are extended flags that apply to this file.
> > +This field can be a combination of the following:
> > +
> > +.RS 0.4i
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_REALTIME
> > +The file is a realtime file.
> > +This bit can only be changed when the file is empty.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_PREALLOC
> > +The file has preallocated space.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE
> > +The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
> > +no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
> > +file.
> > +Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > +capability can set or clear this flag.
> > +If this flag is set before a
> > +.B FS_IOC_SETXATTR
> 
> (and here you do refer to the non-XFS variant)
> 
> > +call and would not be cleared by the call, then no other attributes can be
> > +changed and
> > +.B EPERM
> > +will be returned.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_APPEND
> > +The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
> > +writing.
> > +Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > +capability can set or clear this flag.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_SYNC
> > +All writes to the file are synchronous.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NOATIME
> > +When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NODUMP
> > +The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT
> > +Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
> > +will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
> > +the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT
> > +Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > +the directory will inherit the parents project ID.
> 
> s/parents/parent directory's/
> 
> > +New directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.
> 
> also may as well keep the text for RTINHERIT and PROJINHERIT
> identical other than the bit name/description.
> 
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS
> > +Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
> > +symbolic links in that directory.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
> > +Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
> > +then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
> > +this file (see
> > +.B fsx_extsize
> > +below).
> > +This flag can only be set on a file if it is empty.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT
> > +Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > +the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see
> 
> s/parents/parent directory's/
> 
> again probably keep text same as RTINHERIT/PROJINHERIT modulo bit name.
> 
> > +.B fsx_extsize
> > +below).
> > +Can only be set on a directory.
> 
> (i.e. the others "can only be set on a directory" too right?)
> 
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG
> > +No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
> > +operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
> > +inherit the no\-defrag bit.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM
> > +Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation group
> > +for exclusive use by files created within that directory.
> > +Files being written in other directories will not use the same allocation group
> > +and so files within different directories will not interleave extents on disk.
> > +The reservation is only active while files are being created and written into
> > +the directory.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_DAX
> > +If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
> > +writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
> > +page cache.
> > +A file cannot be reflinked and have the
> > +.BR FS_XFLAG_DAX
> > +set at the same time.
> 
> Since you can't even mount that way, I suppose not ....
> 
> > +That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
> > +If this flag is set on a directory, files created within that directory will
> > +have this flag set.
> 
> Documenting DAX is a bold move...
> 
> Do subdirs not inherit the flag?
> 
> 
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
> > +Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
> > +the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
> > +in multiples of the set size for this file (see
> > +.B fsx_cowextsize
> > +below).
> > +If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
> > +created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_HASATTR
> > +The file has extended attributes associated with it.
> > +.RE
> > +.PP
> > +.PD
> > +
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_extsize
> > +is the preferred extent allocation size for data blocks mapped to this file,
> > +in units of filesystem blocks.
> > +If this value is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option, which
> > +is currently zero.
> > +If
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > +is called with
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
> > +set in
> > +.I fsx_xflags
> > +and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_nextents
> > +is the number of data extents in this file.
> > +If
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> > +was used, then this is the number of extended attribute extents in the file.
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_projid
> > +is the project ID of this file.
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_cowextsize
> > +is the preferred extent allocation size for copy on write operations
> > +targeting this file, in units of filesystem blocks.
> > +If this field is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option,
> > +which is currently 128 filesystem blocks.
> > +If
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > +is called with
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
> > +set in
> > +.I fsx_xflags
> > +and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
> > +
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_pad
> > +must be zeroed.
> > +
> > +.SH RETURN VALUE
> > +On error, \-1 is returned, and
> > +.I errno
> > +is set to indicate the error.
> > +.PP
> > +.SH ERRORS
> > +Error codes can be one of, but are not limited to, the following:
> > +.TP
> > +.B EACCESS
> > +Caller does not have sufficient access to change the attributes.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EFAULT
> > +The kernel was not able to copy into the userspace buffer.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EFSBADCRC
> > +Metadata checksum validation failed while performing the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EFSCORRUPTED
> > +Metadata corruption was encountered while performing the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EINVAL
> > +One of the arguments was not valid.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EIO
> > +An I/O error was encountered while performing the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B ENOMEM
> > +There was insufficient memory to perform the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EPERM
> > +Caller did not have permission to change the attributes.
> > +.SH CONFORMING TO
> > +This API is implemented by the ext4, xfs, btrfs, and f2fs filesystems on the
> > +Linux kernel.
> > +Not all fields may be understood by filesystems other than xfs.
> > +.SH SEE ALSO
> > +.BR ioctl (2)
> > diff --git a/man/man3/xfsctl.3 b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> > index 462ccbd8..2992b5be 100644
> > --- a/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> > +++ b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> > @@ -132,161 +132,17 @@ will fail with EINVAL.
> >  All I/O requests are kept consistent with any data brought into
> >  the cache with an access through a non-direct I/O file descriptor.
> >  
> > -.TP
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
> > -Get additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
> > -The final argument points to a variable of type
> > -.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
> > -whose fields include:
> > -.B fsx_xflags
> > -(extended flag bits),
> > -.B fsx_extsize
> > -(nominal extent size in file system blocks),
> > -.B fsx_nextents
> > -(number of data extents in the file).
> > -A
> > -.B fsx_extsize
> > -value returned indicates that a preferred extent size was previously
> > -set on the file, a
> > -.B fsx_extsize
> > -of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
> > -A
> > -.B fsx_cowextsize
> > -value returned indicates that a preferred copy on write extent size was
> > -previously set on the file, whereas a
> > -.B fsx_cowextsize
> > -of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
> > -The current default for
> > -.B fsx_cowextsize
> > -is 128 blocks.
> > -Currently the meaningful bits for the
> > -.B fsx_xflags
> > -field are:
> > -.PD 0
> > -.RS
> > -.TP 1.0i
> > -.SM "Bit 0 (0x1) \- XFS_XFLAG_REALTIME"
> > -The file is a realtime file.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 1 (0x2) \- XFS_XFLAG_PREALLOC"
> > -The file has preallocated space.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 3 (0x8) \- XFS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE"
> > -The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
> > -no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
> > -file.
> > -Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > -capability can set or clear this flag.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 4 (0x10) \- XFS_XFLAG_APPEND"
> > -The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
> > -writing.
> > -Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > -capability can set or clear this flag.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 5 (0x20) \- XFS_XFLAG_SYNC"
> > -All writes to the file are synchronous.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 6 (0x40) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOATIME"
> > -When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 7 (0x80) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODUMP"
> > -The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 8 (0x100) \- XFS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT"
> > -Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
> > -will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
> > -the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 9 (0x200) \- XFS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT"
> > -Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > -the directory will inherit the parents project ID.  New
> > -directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 10 (0x400) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS"
> > -Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
> > -symbolic links in that directory.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 11 (0x800) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE"
> > -Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
> > -then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
> > -this file (see
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -below).
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 12 (0x1000) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT"
> > -Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > -the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -below).
> > -Can only be set on a directory.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 13 (0x2000) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG"
> > -No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
> > -operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
> > -inherit the no\-defrag bit.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 14 (0x4000) \- XFS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM"
> > -Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation
> > -group for exclusive use by files created within that directory. Files
> > -being written in other directories will not use the same allocation
> > -group and so files within different directories will not interleave
> > -extents on disk. The reservation is only active while files are being
> > -created and written into the directory.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 15 (0x8000) \- XFS_XFLAG_DAX"
> > -If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
> > -writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
> > -page cache.
> > -A file cannot be reflinked and have the
> > -.BR XFS_XFLAG_DAX
> > -set at the same time.
> > -That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 16 (0x10000) \- XFS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE"
> > -Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
> > -the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
> > -in multiples of the set size for this file (see
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -below).
> > -If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
> > -created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 31 (0x80000000) \- XFS_XFLAG_HASATTR"
> > -The file has extended attributes associated with it.
> > -.RE
> >  .PP
> > -.PD
> > -
> > -.TP
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> > -Identical to
> > +.nf
> >  .B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
> > -except that the
> > -.B fsx_nextents
> > -field contains the number of attribute extents in the file.
> > -
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> > +.fi
> > +.PD 0
> >  .TP
> >  .B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -Set additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
> > -The final argument points to a variable of type
> > -.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
> > -but only the following fields are used in this call:
> > -.BR fsx_xflags ,
> > -.BR fsx_extsize ,
> > -.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
> > -and
> > -.BR fsx_projid .
> > -The
> > -.B fsx_xflags
> > -realtime file bit and the file's extent size may be changed only
> > -when the file is empty, except in the case of a directory where
> > -the extent size can be set at any time (this value is only used
> > -for regular file allocations, so should only be set on a directory
> > -in conjunction with the XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT flag).
> > -The copy on write extent size,
> > -.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
> > -can be set at any time.
> > +See
> > +.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2)
> > +for more information.
> >  
> >  .TP
> >  .B XFS_IOC_GETBMAP
> > @@ -649,6 +505,7 @@ The remainder of these operations will not be described further
> >  as they are not of general use to applications.
> >  
> >  .SH SEE ALSO
> > +.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2),
> >  .BR fstatfs (2),
> >  .BR statfs (2),
> >  .BR xfs (5),
> >
Eric Sandeen June 17, 2019, 2:55 p.m. UTC | #3
On 6/15/19 11:43 AM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 14, 2019 at 04:17:10PM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
>> On 6/7/19 2:29 PM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
>>> From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
>>>
>>> Break out the xfs file attribute get and set ioctls into a separate
>>> manpage to reduce clutter in xfsctl.
>>
>> <comes up for air>
>>
>> Now that we've uh, hoisted it to be a generic vfs interface,
>> FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, shouldn't we be documenting it as that instead
>> of the (old) xfs variant?
> 
> No, first we document the old xfs ioctl, then we move the manpage over
> to the main man-pages.git project as the vfs ioctl, and then we update
> the xfsprogs manpage to say "Please refer to the VFS documentation but
> in case your system doesn't have it, here you go..." :)

I guess it's kind of a sad state of affairs that I'm not quite sure
if this is serious.  :)

>>
>> (honestly that'd be mostly just search and replace for this patch)
>>
>> Except of course XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA has no vfs variant.  :/
>>
>> I also wonder if FS_IOC_SETFLAGS should be mentioned, and/or a
>> SEE_ALSO because some of the functionality overlaps?
> 
> Oh, wow, there's actually a manpage for it...
> 
> ...bleh, it's the weekend, I'll respond to the rest later.

ok thanks

-Eric
Darrick J. Wong June 18, 2019, 6:54 p.m. UTC | #4
On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 09:55:44AM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> On 6/15/19 11:43 AM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > On Fri, Jun 14, 2019 at 04:17:10PM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> >> On 6/7/19 2:29 PM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> >>> From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> >>>
> >>> Break out the xfs file attribute get and set ioctls into a separate
> >>> manpage to reduce clutter in xfsctl.
> >>
> >> <comes up for air>
> >>
> >> Now that we've uh, hoisted it to be a generic vfs interface,
> >> FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, shouldn't we be documenting it as that instead
> >> of the (old) xfs variant?
> > 
> > No, first we document the old xfs ioctl, then we move the manpage over
> > to the main man-pages.git project as the vfs ioctl, and then we update
> > the xfsprogs manpage to say "Please refer to the VFS documentation but
> > in case your system doesn't have it, here you go..." :)
> 
> I guess it's kind of a sad state of affairs that I'm not quite sure
> if this is serious.  :)

It is, because the other implementers of this ioctl are not maintaining
the same behavior as xfs.  The first step to doing that is to document
our behaviors, and then get the code under testing.

Granted, those users (ext4/f2fs) aren't using most of the fields or
flags anyway so there's not a lot to test...

--D

> >>
> >> (honestly that'd be mostly just search and replace for this patch)
> >>
> >> Except of course XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA has no vfs variant.  :/
> >>
> >> I also wonder if FS_IOC_SETFLAGS should be mentioned, and/or a
> >> SEE_ALSO because some of the functionality overlaps?
> > 
> > Oh, wow, there's actually a manpage for it...
> > 
> > ...bleh, it's the weekend, I'll respond to the rest later.
> 
> ok thanks
> 
> -Eric
Darrick J. Wong June 18, 2019, 6:57 p.m. UTC | #5
On Fri, Jun 14, 2019 at 04:17:10PM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> On 6/7/19 2:29 PM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > From: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > 
> > Break out the xfs file attribute get and set ioctls into a separate
> > manpage to reduce clutter in xfsctl.
> 
> <comes up for air>
> 
> Now that we've uh, hoisted it to be a generic vfs interface,
> FS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, shouldn't we be documenting it as that instead
> of the (old) xfs variant?
> 
> (honestly that'd be mostly just search and replace for this patch)
> 
> Except of course XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA has no vfs variant.  :/

Hm, I just realized that "man ioctl_xfs_fssetxattr" would fail because
there are no redirect files.  I'll add those.

> I also wonder if FS_IOC_SETFLAGS should be mentioned, and/or a
> SEE_ALSO because some of the functionality overlaps?

Fixed.

> 
> > Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > ---
> >  man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 |  219 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  man/man3/xfsctl.3               |  159 +---------------------------
> >  2 files changed, 227 insertions(+), 151 deletions(-)
> >  create mode 100644 man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> > 
> > 
> > diff --git a/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 00000000..17276dec
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
> > @@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
> > +.\" %%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+_DOC_FULL)
> > +.\" SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> > +.\" %%%LICENSE_END
> > +.TH IOCTL-XFS-FSGETXATTR 2 2019-04-16 "XFS"
> > +.SH NAME
> > +ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr \- query information for an open file
> > +.SH SYNOPSIS
> > +.br
> > +.B #include <linux/fs.h>
> > +.PP
> > +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> > +.PP
> 
> maybe
> 
> .br
> 
> here to keep it more compact?  Unless there's a manpage style I'm unaware
> of?

Ok.

> > +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> > +.PP
> > +.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
> > +.SH DESCRIPTION
> > +Query or set additional attributes associated with files in various file
> > +systems.
> 
> (it was the "various filesystems" which caught my eye and reminded me to
> ask the first question)
> 
> > +The attributes are conveyed in a structure of the form:
> > +.PP
> > +.in +4n
> > +.nf
> > +struct fsxattr {
> > +	__u32         fsx_xflags;
> > +	__u32         fsx_extsize;
> > +	__u32         fsx_nextents;
> > +	__u32         fsx_projid;
> > +	__u32         fsx_cowextsize;
> > +	unsigned char fsx_pad[8];
> > +};
> > +.fi
> > +.in
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_xflags
> > +are extended flags that apply to this file.
> > +This field can be a combination of the following:
> > +
> > +.RS 0.4i
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_REALTIME
> > +The file is a realtime file.
> > +This bit can only be changed when the file is empty.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_PREALLOC
> > +The file has preallocated space.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE
> > +The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
> > +no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
> > +file.
> > +Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > +capability can set or clear this flag.
> > +If this flag is set before a
> > +.B FS_IOC_SETXATTR
> 
> (and here you do refer to the non-XFS variant)

Oops, fixed to refer to the xfs variant.

> > +call and would not be cleared by the call, then no other attributes can be
> > +changed and
> > +.B EPERM
> > +will be returned.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_APPEND
> > +The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
> > +writing.
> > +Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > +capability can set or clear this flag.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_SYNC
> > +All writes to the file are synchronous.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NOATIME
> > +When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NODUMP
> > +The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT
> > +Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
> > +will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
> > +the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT
> > +Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > +the directory will inherit the parents project ID.
> 
> s/parents/parent directory's/
> 
> > +New directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.
> 
> also may as well keep the text for RTINHERIT and PROJINHERIT
> identical other than the bit name/description.
> 
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS
> > +Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
> > +symbolic links in that directory.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
> > +Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
> > +then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
> > +this file (see
> > +.B fsx_extsize
> > +below).
> > +This flag can only be set on a file if it is empty.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT
> > +Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > +the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see
> 
> s/parents/parent directory's/
> 
> again probably keep text same as RTINHERIT/PROJINHERIT modulo bit name.
> 
> > +.B fsx_extsize
> > +below).
> > +Can only be set on a directory.
> 
> (i.e. the others "can only be set on a directory" too right?)

Ok I'll document and standardize the wording for all the inheritance
behaviors.

> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG
> > +No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
> > +operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
> > +inherit the no\-defrag bit.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM
> > +Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation group
> > +for exclusive use by files created within that directory.
> > +Files being written in other directories will not use the same allocation group
> > +and so files within different directories will not interleave extents on disk.
> > +The reservation is only active while files are being created and written into
> > +the directory.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_DAX
> > +If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
> > +writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
> > +page cache.
> > +A file cannot be reflinked and have the
> > +.BR FS_XFLAG_DAX
> > +set at the same time.
> 
> Since you can't even mount that way, I suppose not ....
> 
> > +That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
> > +If this flag is set on a directory, files created within that directory will
> > +have this flag set.
> 
> Documenting DAX is a bold move...

<shrug> We introduced an on disk flag and a behavior, now we're stuck
with it unless there's a /really/ good reason to change it.

> Do subdirs not inherit the flag?

They do.

--D

> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
> > +Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
> > +the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
> > +in multiples of the set size for this file (see
> > +.B fsx_cowextsize
> > +below).
> > +If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
> > +created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
> > +.TP
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_HASATTR
> > +The file has extended attributes associated with it.
> > +.RE
> > +.PP
> > +.PD
> > +
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_extsize
> > +is the preferred extent allocation size for data blocks mapped to this file,
> > +in units of filesystem blocks.
> > +If this value is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option, which
> > +is currently zero.
> > +If
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > +is called with
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
> > +set in
> > +.I fsx_xflags
> > +and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_nextents
> > +is the number of data extents in this file.
> > +If
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> > +was used, then this is the number of extended attribute extents in the file.
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_projid
> > +is the project ID of this file.
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_cowextsize
> > +is the preferred extent allocation size for copy on write operations
> > +targeting this file, in units of filesystem blocks.
> > +If this field is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option,
> > +which is currently 128 filesystem blocks.
> > +If
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > +is called with
> > +.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
> > +set in
> > +.I fsx_xflags
> > +and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
> > +
> > +.PP
> > +.I fsx_pad
> > +must be zeroed.
> > +
> > +.SH RETURN VALUE
> > +On error, \-1 is returned, and
> > +.I errno
> > +is set to indicate the error.
> > +.PP
> > +.SH ERRORS
> > +Error codes can be one of, but are not limited to, the following:
> > +.TP
> > +.B EACCESS
> > +Caller does not have sufficient access to change the attributes.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EFAULT
> > +The kernel was not able to copy into the userspace buffer.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EFSBADCRC
> > +Metadata checksum validation failed while performing the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EFSCORRUPTED
> > +Metadata corruption was encountered while performing the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EINVAL
> > +One of the arguments was not valid.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EIO
> > +An I/O error was encountered while performing the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B ENOMEM
> > +There was insufficient memory to perform the query.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EPERM
> > +Caller did not have permission to change the attributes.
> > +.SH CONFORMING TO
> > +This API is implemented by the ext4, xfs, btrfs, and f2fs filesystems on the
> > +Linux kernel.
> > +Not all fields may be understood by filesystems other than xfs.
> > +.SH SEE ALSO
> > +.BR ioctl (2)
> > diff --git a/man/man3/xfsctl.3 b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> > index 462ccbd8..2992b5be 100644
> > --- a/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> > +++ b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
> > @@ -132,161 +132,17 @@ will fail with EINVAL.
> >  All I/O requests are kept consistent with any data brought into
> >  the cache with an access through a non-direct I/O file descriptor.
> >  
> > -.TP
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
> > -Get additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
> > -The final argument points to a variable of type
> > -.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
> > -whose fields include:
> > -.B fsx_xflags
> > -(extended flag bits),
> > -.B fsx_extsize
> > -(nominal extent size in file system blocks),
> > -.B fsx_nextents
> > -(number of data extents in the file).
> > -A
> > -.B fsx_extsize
> > -value returned indicates that a preferred extent size was previously
> > -set on the file, a
> > -.B fsx_extsize
> > -of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
> > -A
> > -.B fsx_cowextsize
> > -value returned indicates that a preferred copy on write extent size was
> > -previously set on the file, whereas a
> > -.B fsx_cowextsize
> > -of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
> > -The current default for
> > -.B fsx_cowextsize
> > -is 128 blocks.
> > -Currently the meaningful bits for the
> > -.B fsx_xflags
> > -field are:
> > -.PD 0
> > -.RS
> > -.TP 1.0i
> > -.SM "Bit 0 (0x1) \- XFS_XFLAG_REALTIME"
> > -The file is a realtime file.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 1 (0x2) \- XFS_XFLAG_PREALLOC"
> > -The file has preallocated space.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 3 (0x8) \- XFS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE"
> > -The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
> > -no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
> > -file.
> > -Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > -capability can set or clear this flag.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 4 (0x10) \- XFS_XFLAG_APPEND"
> > -The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
> > -writing.
> > -Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
> > -capability can set or clear this flag.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 5 (0x20) \- XFS_XFLAG_SYNC"
> > -All writes to the file are synchronous.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 6 (0x40) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOATIME"
> > -When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 7 (0x80) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODUMP"
> > -The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 8 (0x100) \- XFS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT"
> > -Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
> > -will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
> > -the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 9 (0x200) \- XFS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT"
> > -Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > -the directory will inherit the parents project ID.  New
> > -directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 10 (0x400) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS"
> > -Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
> > -symbolic links in that directory.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 11 (0x800) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE"
> > -Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
> > -then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
> > -this file (see
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -below).
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 12 (0x1000) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT"
> > -Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
> > -the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -below).
> > -Can only be set on a directory.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 13 (0x2000) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG"
> > -No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
> > -operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
> > -inherit the no\-defrag bit.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 14 (0x4000) \- XFS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM"
> > -Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation
> > -group for exclusive use by files created within that directory. Files
> > -being written in other directories will not use the same allocation
> > -group and so files within different directories will not interleave
> > -extents on disk. The reservation is only active while files are being
> > -created and written into the directory.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 15 (0x8000) \- XFS_XFLAG_DAX"
> > -If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
> > -writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
> > -page cache.
> > -A file cannot be reflinked and have the
> > -.BR XFS_XFLAG_DAX
> > -set at the same time.
> > -That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 16 (0x10000) \- XFS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE"
> > -Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
> > -the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
> > -in multiples of the set size for this file (see
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -below).
> > -If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
> > -created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
> > -.TP
> > -.SM "Bit 31 (0x80000000) \- XFS_XFLAG_HASATTR"
> > -The file has extended attributes associated with it.
> > -.RE
> >  .PP
> > -.PD
> > -
> > -.TP
> > -.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> > -Identical to
> > +.nf
> >  .B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
> > -except that the
> > -.B fsx_nextents
> > -field contains the number of attribute extents in the file.
> > -
> > +.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
> > +.fi
> > +.PD 0
> >  .TP
> >  .B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
> > -Set additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
> > -The final argument points to a variable of type
> > -.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
> > -but only the following fields are used in this call:
> > -.BR fsx_xflags ,
> > -.BR fsx_extsize ,
> > -.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
> > -and
> > -.BR fsx_projid .
> > -The
> > -.B fsx_xflags
> > -realtime file bit and the file's extent size may be changed only
> > -when the file is empty, except in the case of a directory where
> > -the extent size can be set at any time (this value is only used
> > -for regular file allocations, so should only be set on a directory
> > -in conjunction with the XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT flag).
> > -The copy on write extent size,
> > -.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
> > -can be set at any time.
> > +See
> > +.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2)
> > +for more information.
> >  
> >  .TP
> >  .B XFS_IOC_GETBMAP
> > @@ -649,6 +505,7 @@ The remainder of these operations will not be described further
> >  as they are not of general use to applications.
> >  
> >  .SH SEE ALSO
> > +.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2),
> >  .BR fstatfs (2),
> >  .BR statfs (2),
> >  .BR xfs (5),
> >

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2 b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..17276dec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man/man2/ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr.2
@@ -0,0 +1,219 @@ 
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+_DOC_FULL)
+.\" SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.TH IOCTL-XFS-FSGETXATTR 2 2019-04-16 "XFS"
+.SH NAME
+ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr \- query information for an open file
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.br
+.B #include <linux/fs.h>
+.PP
+.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
+.PP
+.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA, struct fsxattr *" arg );
+.PP
+.BI "int ioctl(int " fd ", XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR, struct fsxattr *" arg );
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+Query or set additional attributes associated with files in various file
+systems.
+The attributes are conveyed in a structure of the form:
+.PP
+.in +4n
+.nf
+struct fsxattr {
+	__u32         fsx_xflags;
+	__u32         fsx_extsize;
+	__u32         fsx_nextents;
+	__u32         fsx_projid;
+	__u32         fsx_cowextsize;
+	unsigned char fsx_pad[8];
+};
+.fi
+.in
+.PP
+.I fsx_xflags
+are extended flags that apply to this file.
+This field can be a combination of the following:
+
+.RS 0.4i
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_REALTIME
+The file is a realtime file.
+This bit can only be changed when the file is empty.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_PREALLOC
+The file has preallocated space.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE
+The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
+no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
+file.
+Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
+capability can set or clear this flag.
+If this flag is set before a
+.B FS_IOC_SETXATTR
+call and would not be cleared by the call, then no other attributes can be
+changed and
+.B EPERM
+will be returned.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_APPEND
+The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
+writing.
+Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
+capability can set or clear this flag.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_SYNC
+All writes to the file are synchronous.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_NOATIME
+When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_NODUMP
+The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT
+Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
+will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
+the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT
+Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
+the directory will inherit the parents project ID.
+New directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS
+Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
+symbolic links in that directory.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
+Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
+then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
+this file (see
+.B fsx_extsize
+below).
+This flag can only be set on a file if it is empty.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT
+Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
+the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see
+.B fsx_extsize
+below).
+Can only be set on a directory.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG
+No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
+operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
+inherit the no\-defrag bit.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM
+Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation group
+for exclusive use by files created within that directory.
+Files being written in other directories will not use the same allocation group
+and so files within different directories will not interleave extents on disk.
+The reservation is only active while files are being created and written into
+the directory.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_DAX
+If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
+writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
+page cache.
+A file cannot be reflinked and have the
+.BR FS_XFLAG_DAX
+set at the same time.
+That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
+If this flag is set on a directory, files created within that directory will
+have this flag set.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
+Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
+the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
+in multiples of the set size for this file (see
+.B fsx_cowextsize
+below).
+If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
+created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
+.TP
+.B FS_XFLAG_HASATTR
+The file has extended attributes associated with it.
+.RE
+.PP
+.PD
+
+.PP
+.I fsx_extsize
+is the preferred extent allocation size for data blocks mapped to this file,
+in units of filesystem blocks.
+If this value is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option, which
+is currently zero.
+If
+.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
+is called with
+.B FS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE
+set in
+.I fsx_xflags
+and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
+.PP
+.I fsx_nextents
+is the number of data extents in this file.
+If
+.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
+was used, then this is the number of extended attribute extents in the file.
+.PP
+.I fsx_projid
+is the project ID of this file.
+.PP
+.I fsx_cowextsize
+is the preferred extent allocation size for copy on write operations
+targeting this file, in units of filesystem blocks.
+If this field is zero, the filesystem will choose a default option,
+which is currently 128 filesystem blocks.
+If
+.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
+is called with
+.B FS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE
+set in
+.I fsx_xflags
+and this field is zero, the XFLAG will be cleared instead.
+
+.PP
+.I fsx_pad
+must be zeroed.
+
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+On error, \-1 is returned, and
+.I errno
+is set to indicate the error.
+.PP
+.SH ERRORS
+Error codes can be one of, but are not limited to, the following:
+.TP
+.B EACCESS
+Caller does not have sufficient access to change the attributes.
+.TP
+.B EFAULT
+The kernel was not able to copy into the userspace buffer.
+.TP
+.B EFSBADCRC
+Metadata checksum validation failed while performing the query.
+.TP
+.B EFSCORRUPTED
+Metadata corruption was encountered while performing the query.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+One of the arguments was not valid.
+.TP
+.B EIO
+An I/O error was encountered while performing the query.
+.TP
+.B ENOMEM
+There was insufficient memory to perform the query.
+.TP
+.B EPERM
+Caller did not have permission to change the attributes.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+This API is implemented by the ext4, xfs, btrfs, and f2fs filesystems on the
+Linux kernel.
+Not all fields may be understood by filesystems other than xfs.
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR ioctl (2)
diff --git a/man/man3/xfsctl.3 b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
index 462ccbd8..2992b5be 100644
--- a/man/man3/xfsctl.3
+++ b/man/man3/xfsctl.3
@@ -132,161 +132,17 @@  will fail with EINVAL.
 All I/O requests are kept consistent with any data brought into
 the cache with an access through a non-direct I/O file descriptor.
 
-.TP
-.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
-Get additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
-The final argument points to a variable of type
-.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
-whose fields include:
-.B fsx_xflags
-(extended flag bits),
-.B fsx_extsize
-(nominal extent size in file system blocks),
-.B fsx_nextents
-(number of data extents in the file).
-A
-.B fsx_extsize
-value returned indicates that a preferred extent size was previously
-set on the file, a
-.B fsx_extsize
-of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
-A
-.B fsx_cowextsize
-value returned indicates that a preferred copy on write extent size was
-previously set on the file, whereas a
-.B fsx_cowextsize
-of zero indicates that the defaults for that filesystem will be used.
-The current default for
-.B fsx_cowextsize
-is 128 blocks.
-Currently the meaningful bits for the
-.B fsx_xflags
-field are:
-.PD 0
-.RS
-.TP 1.0i
-.SM "Bit 0 (0x1) \- XFS_XFLAG_REALTIME"
-The file is a realtime file.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 1 (0x2) \- XFS_XFLAG_PREALLOC"
-The file has preallocated space.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 3 (0x8) \- XFS_XFLAG_IMMUTABLE"
-The file is immutable - it cannot be modified, deleted or renamed,
-no link can be created to this file and no data can be written to the
-file.
-Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
-capability can set or clear this flag.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 4 (0x10) \- XFS_XFLAG_APPEND"
-The file is append-only - it can only be open in append mode for
-writing.
-Only the superuser or a process possessing the CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE
-capability can set or clear this flag.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 5 (0x20) \- XFS_XFLAG_SYNC"
-All writes to the file are synchronous.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 6 (0x40) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOATIME"
-When the file is accessed, its atime record is not modified.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 7 (0x80) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODUMP"
-The file should be skipped by backup utilities.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 8 (0x100) \- XFS_XFLAG_RTINHERIT"
-Realtime inheritance bit - new files created in the directory
-will be automatically realtime, and new directories created in
-the directory will inherit the inheritance bit.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 9 (0x200) \- XFS_XFLAG_PROJINHERIT"
-Project inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
-the directory will inherit the parents project ID.  New
-directories also inherit the project inheritance bit.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 10 (0x400) \- XFS_XFLAG_NOSYMLINKS"
-Can only be set on a directory and disallows creation of
-symbolic links in that directory.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 11 (0x800) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSIZE"
-Extent size bit - if a basic extent size value is set on the file
-then the allocator will allocate in multiples of the set size for
-this file (see
-.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
-below).
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 12 (0x1000) \- XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT"
-Extent size inheritance bit - new files and directories created in
-the directory will inherit the parents basic extent size value (see
-.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
-below).
-Can only be set on a directory.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 13 (0x2000) \- XFS_XFLAG_NODEFRAG"
-No defragment file bit - the file should be skipped during a defragmentation
-operation. When applied to a directory, new files and directories created will
-inherit the no\-defrag bit.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 14 (0x4000) \- XFS_XFLAG_FILESTREAM"
-Filestream allocator bit - allows a directory to reserve an allocation
-group for exclusive use by files created within that directory. Files
-being written in other directories will not use the same allocation
-group and so files within different directories will not interleave
-extents on disk. The reservation is only active while files are being
-created and written into the directory.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 15 (0x8000) \- XFS_XFLAG_DAX"
-If the filesystem lives on directly accessible persistent memory, reads and
-writes to this file will go straight to the persistent memory, bypassing the
-page cache.
-A file cannot be reflinked and have the
-.BR XFS_XFLAG_DAX
-set at the same time.
-That is to say that DAX files cannot share blocks.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 16 (0x10000) \- XFS_XFLAG_COWEXTSIZE"
-Copy on Write Extent size bit - if a CoW extent size value is set on the file,
-the allocator will allocate extents for staging a copy on write operation
-in multiples of the set size for this file (see
-.B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
-below).
-If the CoW extent size is set on a directory, then new file and directories
-created in the directory will inherit the parent's CoW extent size value.
-.TP
-.SM "Bit 31 (0x80000000) \- XFS_XFLAG_HASATTR"
-The file has extended attributes associated with it.
-.RE
 .PP
-.PD
-
-.TP
-.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
-Identical to
+.nf
 .B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTR
-except that the
-.B fsx_nextents
-field contains the number of attribute extents in the file.
-
+.B XFS_IOC_FSGETXATTRA
+.fi
+.PD 0
 .TP
 .B XFS_IOC_FSSETXATTR
-Set additional attributes associated with files in XFS file systems.
-The final argument points to a variable of type
-.BR "struct fsxattr" ,
-but only the following fields are used in this call:
-.BR fsx_xflags ,
-.BR fsx_extsize ,
-.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
-and
-.BR fsx_projid .
-The
-.B fsx_xflags
-realtime file bit and the file's extent size may be changed only
-when the file is empty, except in the case of a directory where
-the extent size can be set at any time (this value is only used
-for regular file allocations, so should only be set on a directory
-in conjunction with the XFS_XFLAG_EXTSZINHERIT flag).
-The copy on write extent size,
-.BR fsx_cowextsize ,
-can be set at any time.
+See
+.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2)
+for more information.
 
 .TP
 .B XFS_IOC_GETBMAP
@@ -649,6 +505,7 @@  The remainder of these operations will not be described further
 as they are not of general use to applications.
 
 .SH SEE ALSO
+.BR ioctl_xfs_fsgetxattr (2),
 .BR fstatfs (2),
 .BR statfs (2),
 .BR xfs (5),