[v5,17/18] kernel/sysctl-test: Add null pointer test for sysctl.c:proc_dointvec()
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Message ID 20190617082613.109131-18-brendanhiggins@google.com
State New
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Series
  • kunit: introduce KUnit, the Linux kernel unit testing framework
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Commit Message

Brendan Higgins June 17, 2019, 8:26 a.m. UTC
From: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>

KUnit tests for initialized data behavior of proc_dointvec that is
explicitly checked in the code. Includes basic parsing tests including
int min/max overflow.

Signed-off-by: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
---
Changes Since Last Revision:
 - Iurii did some clean up (thanks Iurii!) as suggested by Stephen Boyd.
---
 kernel/Makefile      |   2 +
 kernel/sysctl-test.c | 242 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 lib/Kconfig.debug    |  10 ++
 3 files changed, 254 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 kernel/sysctl-test.c

Comments

Luis Chamberlain June 26, 2019, 2:17 a.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 01:26:12AM -0700, Brendan Higgins wrote:
> From: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
> 
> KUnit tests for initialized data behavior of proc_dointvec that is
> explicitly checked in the code. Includes basic parsing tests including
> int min/max overflow.

First, thanks for this work! My review below.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> ---
> Changes Since Last Revision:
>  - Iurii did some clean up (thanks Iurii!) as suggested by Stephen Boyd.
> ---
>  kernel/Makefile      |   2 +
>  kernel/sysctl-test.c | 242 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  lib/Kconfig.debug    |  10 ++
>  3 files changed, 254 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 kernel/sysctl-test.c
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
> index a8d923b5481ba..50fd511cd0ee0 100644
> --- a/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -114,6 +114,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HAS_IOMEM) += iomem.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) += memremap.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RSEQ) += rseq.o
>  
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST) += sysctl-test.o

And we have lib/test_sysctl.c of selftests.

I'm fine with this going in as-is to its current place, but if we have
to learn from selftests I'd say we try to stick to a convention so
folks know what framework a test is for, and to ensure folks can
easily tell if its test code or not.

Perhaps simply a directory for kunit tests would suffice alone.

> +
>  obj-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK) += stackleak.o
>  KASAN_SANITIZE_stackleak.o := n
>  KCOV_INSTRUMENT_stackleak.o := n
> diff --git a/kernel/sysctl-test.c b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..cb61ad3c7db63
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,242 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * KUnit test of proc sysctl.
> + */
> +
> +#include <kunit/test.h>
> +#include <linux/sysctl.h>
> +
> +static int i_zero;
> +static int i_one_hundred = 100;
> +
> +struct test_sysctl_data {
> +	int int_0001;
> +	int int_0002;
> +	int int_0003[4];
> +
> +	unsigned int uint_0001;
> +
> +	char string_0001[65];
> +};
> +
> +static struct test_sysctl_data test_data = {
> +	.int_0001 = 60,
> +	.int_0002 = 1,
> +
> +	.int_0003[0] = 0,
> +	.int_0003[1] = 1,
> +	.int_0003[2] = 2,
> +	.int_0003[3] = 3,
> +
> +	.uint_0001 = 314,
> +
> +	.string_0001 = "(none)",
> +};
> +
> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= NULL,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	size_t len;
> +	loff_t pos;
> +
> +	len = 1234;
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);

It is a bit odd, but it does happen, for a developer to be calling
proc_dointvec() directly, instead typically folks just register a table
and let it do its thing.  That said, someone not too familiar with proc
code would see this and really have no clue exactly what is being
tested.

Even as a maintainer, I had to read the code for proc_dointvec() a bit
to understand that the above is a *read* attempt to the .data field
being allocated. Because its a write, the len set to a bogus does not
matter as we are expecting the proc_dointvec() to update len for us.

If a test fails, it would be good to for anyone to easily grasp what is
being tested. So... a few words documenting each test case would be nice.

> +	len = 1234;
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);

And this is a write...

A nice tests given the data on the table allocated is not assigned.

I don't see any other areas in the kernel where we open code a
proc_dointvec() call where the second argument is a digit, it
always is with a variable. As such there would be no need for
us to expose helpers to make it clear if one is a read or write.
But for *this* case, I think it would be useful to add two wrappers
inside this kunit test module which sprinkles the 0 or 1, this way
a reader can easily know what mode is being tested.

kunit_proc_dointvec_read()
kunit_proc_dointvec_write()

Or just use #define KUNIT_PROC_READ 0, #define KUNIT_PROC_WRITE 1.
Whatever makes this code more legible.

> +}
> +
> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
> +		.maxlen		= 0,
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	size_t len;
> +	loff_t pos;
> +
> +	len = 1234;
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> +	len = 1234;
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> +}

In a way this is also testing for general kernel API changes. This is and the
last one were good examples. So this is not just testing functionality
here. There is no wrong or write answer if 0 or -EINVAL was returned
other than the fact that we have been doing this for years.

Its a perhaps small but important difference for some of these tests.  I
*do* think its worth clarifying through documentation which ones are
testing for API consistency Vs proper correctness.

> +
> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	size_t len;
> +	loff_t pos;
> +
> +	len = 0;
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> +}

Likewise an API change test.

> +
> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	size_t len;
> +	loff_t pos;
> +
> +	len = 1234;
> +	pos = 1;
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> +}

Likewise an API test.

All the above kunit test cases are currently testing this call on
__do_proc_dointvec():

        if (!tbl_data || !table->maxlen || !*lenp || (*ppos && !write))
	{
		*lenp = 0;
		return 0;
	}

Just an API test.

Perhaps use an api prefix or postfix for these to help distinguish
which are api tests Vs correctness. We want someone who runs into
a failure to *easily* determine *what* went wrong.

Right now this kunit test leaves no leashes around to help the reader.

> +
> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	char input[] = "9";
> +	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> +	loff_t pos = 0;
> +
> +	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, (size_t)pos);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 9, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> +}

Yeap, running these kunit test cases will surely be faster than stupid
shell :) nice!

> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	char input[] = "-9";
> +	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> +	loff_t pos = 0;
> +
> +	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, (size_t)pos);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -9, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> +}
> +
> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	char input[32];
> +	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> +	loff_t pos = 0;
> +	unsigned long abs_of_less_than_min = (unsigned long)INT_MAX
> +					     - (INT_MAX + INT_MIN) + 1;
> +
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test,
> +			(size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "-%lu",
> +					 abs_of_less_than_min),
> +			sizeof(input));
> +
> +	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> +			proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> +}

API test.

> +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +	struct ctl_table table = {
> +		.procname = "foo",
> +		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
> +		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
> +		.mode		= 0644,
> +		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
> +		.extra1		= &i_zero,
> +		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> +	};
> +	char input[32];
> +	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> +	loff_t pos = 0;
> +	unsigned long greater_than_max = (unsigned long)INT_MAX + 1;
> +
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_GT(test, greater_than_max, (unsigned long)INT_MAX);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "%lu",
> +					       greater_than_max),
> +			sizeof(input));
> +	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> +			proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> +	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> +}
> +

API test.

> +static struct kunit_case sysctl_test_cases[] = {
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data),
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset),
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero),
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set),
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive),
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative),
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min),
> +	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max),
> +	{}
> +};

Oh all are API tests.. perhaps then just rename then
sysctl_test_cases to sysctl_api_test_cases.

Would be good to add at least *two* other tests cases for this
example, one which does a valid read and one which does a valid write.

If that is done either we add another kunit test module for correctness
or just extend the above and use prefix / postfixes on the functions
to distinguish between API / correctness somehow.

> +
> +static struct kunit_module sysctl_test_module = {
> +	.name = "sysctl_test",
> +	.test_cases = sysctl_test_cases,
> +};
> +
> +module_test(sysctl_test_module);
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> index cbdfae3798965..389b8986f5b77 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -1939,6 +1939,16 @@ config TEST_SYSCTL
>  
>  	  If unsure, say N.
>  
> +config SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST
> +	bool "KUnit test for sysctl"
> +	depends on KUNIT
> +	help
> +	  This builds the proc sysctl unit test, which runs on boot. For more
> +	  information on KUnit and unit tests in general please refer to the
> +	  KUnit documentation in Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/.

A little more description here would help. It is testing for API and
hopefully also correctness (if extended with those two examples I
mentioned).

> +
> +	  If unsure, say N.
> +
>  config TEST_UDELAY
>  	tristate "udelay test driver"
>  	help
> -- 
> 2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog
> 

Thanks for the work, it is very much appreciated and gives a clearer
appreciation of value of kunit and what can be done and not. Another
random test idea that comes up, would be to use different memory types
for the table data. In case the kernel API users does something odd,
we should be ensuring we do something proper.

  Luis
Iurii Zaikin June 27, 2019, 4:07 a.m. UTC | #2
On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 7:17 PM Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 01:26:12AM -0700, Brendan Higgins wrote:
> > From: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
> >
> > KUnit tests for initialized data behavior of proc_dointvec that is
> > explicitly checked in the code. Includes basic parsing tests including
> > int min/max overflow.
>
> First, thanks for this work! My review below.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> > Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> > ---
> > Changes Since Last Revision:
> >  - Iurii did some clean up (thanks Iurii!) as suggested by Stephen Boyd.
> > ---
> >  kernel/Makefile      |   2 +
> >  kernel/sysctl-test.c | 242 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  lib/Kconfig.debug    |  10 ++
> >  3 files changed, 254 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 kernel/sysctl-test.c
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
> > index a8d923b5481ba..50fd511cd0ee0 100644
> > --- a/kernel/Makefile
> > +++ b/kernel/Makefile
> > @@ -114,6 +114,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HAS_IOMEM) += iomem.o
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) += memremap.o
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_RSEQ) += rseq.o
> >
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST) += sysctl-test.o
>
> And we have lib/test_sysctl.c of selftests.
>
> I'm fine with this going in as-is to its current place, but if we have
> to learn from selftests I'd say we try to stick to a convention so
> folks know what framework a test is for, and to ensure folks can
> easily tell if its test code or not.
>
> Perhaps simply a directory for kunit tests would suffice alone.
>
> > +
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK) += stackleak.o
> >  KASAN_SANITIZE_stackleak.o := n
> >  KCOV_INSTRUMENT_stackleak.o := n
> > diff --git a/kernel/sysctl-test.c b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000000..cb61ad3c7db63
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,242 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * KUnit test of proc sysctl.
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <kunit/test.h>
> > +#include <linux/sysctl.h>
> > +
> > +static int i_zero;
> > +static int i_one_hundred = 100;
> > +
> > +struct test_sysctl_data {
> > +     int int_0001;
> > +     int int_0002;
> > +     int int_0003[4];
> > +
> > +     unsigned int uint_0001;
> > +
> > +     char string_0001[65];
> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct test_sysctl_data test_data = {
> > +     .int_0001 = 60,
> > +     .int_0002 = 1,
> > +
> > +     .int_0003[0] = 0,
> > +     .int_0003[1] = 1,
> > +     .int_0003[2] = 2,
> > +     .int_0003[3] = 3,
> > +
> > +     .uint_0001 = 314,
> > +
> > +     .string_0001 = "(none)",
> > +};
> > +
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = NULL,
> > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     size_t len;
> > +     loff_t pos;
> > +
> > +     len = 1234;
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
>
> It is a bit odd, but it does happen, for a developer to be calling
> proc_dointvec() directly, instead typically folks just register a table
> and let it do its thing.  That said, someone not too familiar with proc
> code would see this and really have no clue exactly what is being
> tested.
>
> Even as a maintainer, I had to read the code for proc_dointvec() a bit
> to understand that the above is a *read* attempt to the .data field
> being allocated. Because its a write, the len set to a bogus does not
> matter as we are expecting the proc_dointvec() to update len for us.
>
> If a test fails, it would be good to for anyone to easily grasp what is
> being tested. So... a few words documenting each test case would be nice.
>
> > +     len = 1234;
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
>
> And this is a write...
>
> A nice tests given the data on the table allocated is not assigned.
>
> I don't see any other areas in the kernel where we open code a
> proc_dointvec() call where the second argument is a digit, it
> always is with a variable. As such there would be no need for
> us to expose helpers to make it clear if one is a read or write.
> But for *this* case, I think it would be useful to add two wrappers
> inside this kunit test module which sprinkles the 0 or 1, this way
> a reader can easily know what mode is being tested.
>
> kunit_proc_dointvec_read()
> kunit_proc_dointvec_write()
>
> Or just use #define KUNIT_PROC_READ 0, #define KUNIT_PROC_WRITE 1.
> Whatever makes this code more legible.
Went with the #define * suggestion above to keep it clear what
function is being tested.

> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > +             .maxlen         = 0,
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     size_t len;
> > +     loff_t pos;
> > +
> > +     len = 1234;
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > +     len = 1234;
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > +}
>
> In a way this is also testing for general kernel API changes. This is and the
> last one were good examples. So this is not just testing functionality
> here. There is no wrong or write answer if 0 or -EINVAL was returned
> other than the fact that we have been doing this for years.
>
> Its a perhaps small but important difference for some of these tests.  I
> *do* think its worth clarifying through documentation which ones are
> testing for API consistency Vs proper correctness.
>
You make a good point that the test codifies the existing behavior of
the function
in lieu of formal documentation.
However, the test cases were derived from examining the source code
of the function under test and attempting to cover all branches. The
assertions were added
only for the values that appeared to be set deliberately in the
implementation. And it makes
sense to me to test that the code does exactly what the implementation
author intended.
> > +
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     size_t len;
> > +     loff_t pos;
> > +
> > +     len = 0;
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > +}
>
> Likewise an API change test.
>
Same as the above, if the implementation author meant the function to
behave deterministically
with the given input, it makes sense to test the behavior. Otherwise,
why not just remove the branch in
 the function under test and say that the given input results in
undefined behavior?
> > +
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     size_t len;
> > +     loff_t pos;
> > +
> > +     len = 1234;
> > +     pos = 1;
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > +}
>
> Likewise an API test.
>
> All the above kunit test cases are currently testing this call on
> __do_proc_dointvec():
>
>         if (!tbl_data || !table->maxlen || !*lenp || (*ppos && !write))
>         {
>                 *lenp = 0;
>                 return 0;
>         }
>
> Just an API test.
>
> Perhaps use an api prefix or postfix for these to help distinguish
> which are api tests Vs correctness. We want someone who runs into
> a failure to *easily* determine *what* went wrong.
>
> Right now this kunit test leaves no leashes around to help the reader.
>
> > +
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     char input[] = "9";
> > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > +
> > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, (size_t)pos);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 9, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > +}
>
> Yeap, running these kunit test cases will surely be faster than stupid
> shell :) nice!
>
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     char input[] = "-9";
> > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > +
> > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, (size_t)pos);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -9, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     char input[32];
> > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > +     unsigned long abs_of_less_than_min = (unsigned long)INT_MAX
> > +                                          - (INT_MAX + INT_MIN) + 1;
> > +
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test,
> > +                     (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "-%lu",
> > +                                      abs_of_less_than_min),
> > +                     sizeof(input));
> > +
> > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> > +                     proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > +}
>
> API test.
>
Not sure why. I believe there has been a real bug with int overflow in
proc_dointvec.
Covering it with test seems like a good idea.
> > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > +             .procname = "foo",
> > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > +     };
> > +     char input[32];
> > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > +     unsigned long greater_than_max = (unsigned long)INT_MAX + 1;
> > +
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_GT(test, greater_than_max, (unsigned long)INT_MAX);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "%lu",
> > +                                            greater_than_max),
> > +                     sizeof(input));
> > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> > +                     proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > +}
> > +
>
> API test.
>
> > +static struct kunit_case sysctl_test_cases[] = {
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data),
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset),
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero),
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set),
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive),
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative),
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min),
> > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max),
> > +     {}
> > +};
>
> Oh all are API tests.. perhaps then just rename then
> sysctl_test_cases to sysctl_api_test_cases.
>
> Would be good to add at least *two* other tests cases for this
> example, one which does a valid read and one which does a valid write.
Added valid reads. There already are 2 valid writes.
> If that is done either we add another kunit test module for correctness
> or just extend the above and use prefix / postfixes on the functions
> to distinguish between API / correctness somehow.
>
> > +
> > +static struct kunit_module sysctl_test_module = {
> > +     .name = "sysctl_test",
> > +     .test_cases = sysctl_test_cases,
> > +};
> > +
> > +module_test(sysctl_test_module);
> > diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > index cbdfae3798965..389b8986f5b77 100644
> > --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > @@ -1939,6 +1939,16 @@ config TEST_SYSCTL
> >
> >         If unsure, say N.
> >
> > +config SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST
> > +     bool "KUnit test for sysctl"
> > +     depends on KUNIT
> > +     help
> > +       This builds the proc sysctl unit test, which runs on boot. For more
> > +       information on KUnit and unit tests in general please refer to the
> > +       KUnit documentation in Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/.
>
> A little more description here would help. It is testing for API and
> hopefully also correctness (if extended with those two examples I
> mentioned).
>
Added "Tests the API contract and implementation correctness of sysctl."
> > +
> > +       If unsure, say N.
> > +
> >  config TEST_UDELAY
> >       tristate "udelay test driver"
> >       help
> > --
> > 2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog
> >
>
> Thanks for the work, it is very much appreciated and gives a clearer
> appreciation of value of kunit and what can be done and not. Another
> random test idea that comes up, would be to use different memory types
> for the table data. In case the kernel API users does something odd,
> we should be ensuring we do something proper.
>
>   Luis
Luis Chamberlain June 27, 2019, 6:10 a.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 09:07:43PM -0700, Iurii Zaikin wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 7:17 PM Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset(struct kunit *test)
> > > +{
> > > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > > +             .procname = "foo",
> > > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > > +             .maxlen         = 0,
> > > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > > +     };
> > > +     void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > > +     size_t len;
> > > +     loff_t pos;
> > > +
> > > +     len = 1234;
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > > +     len = 1234;
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > > +}
> >
> > In a way this is also testing for general kernel API changes. This is and the
> > last one were good examples. So this is not just testing functionality
> > here. There is no wrong or write answer if 0 or -EINVAL was returned
> > other than the fact that we have been doing this for years.
> >
> > Its a perhaps small but important difference for some of these tests.  I
> > *do* think its worth clarifying through documentation which ones are
> > testing for API consistency Vs proper correctness.
>
> You make a good point that the test codifies the existing behavior of
> the function in lieu of formal documentation.  However, the test cases
> were derived from examining the source code of the function under test
> and attempting to cover all branches. The assertions were added only
> for the values that appeared to be set deliberately in the
> implementation. And it makes sense to me to test that the code does
> exactly what the implementation author intended.

I'm not arguing against adding them. I'm suggesting that it is different
to test for API than for correctness of intended functionality, and
it would be wise to make it clear which test cases are for API and which
for correctness.

This will come up later for other kunit tests and it would be great
to set precendent so that other kunit tests can follow similar
practices to ensure its clear what is API realted Vs correctness of
intended functionality.

In fact, I'm not yet sure if its possible to test public kernel API to
userspace with kunit, but if it is possible... well, that could make
linux-api folks happy as they could enable us to codify interpreation of
what is expected into kunit test cases, and we'd ensure that the
codified interpretation is not only documented in man pages but also
through formal kunit test cases.

A regression in linux-api then could be formalized through a proper
kunit tests case. And if an API evolves, it would force developers to
update the respective kunit which codifies that contract.

> > > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min(struct kunit *test)
> > > +{
> > > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > > +             .procname = "foo",
> > > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > > +     };
> > > +     char input[32];
> > > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > > +     unsigned long abs_of_less_than_min = (unsigned long)INT_MAX
> > > +                                          - (INT_MAX + INT_MIN) + 1;
> > > +
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test,
> > > +                     (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "-%lu",
> > > +                                      abs_of_less_than_min),
> > > +                     sizeof(input));
> > > +
> > > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> > > +                     proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > > +}
> >
> > API test.
> >
> Not sure why.

Because you are codifying that we *definitely* return -EINVAL on
overlow. Some parts of the kernel return -ERANGE for overflows for
instance.

It would be a generic test for overflow if it would just test
for any error.

It is a fine and good test to keep. All these tests are good to keep.

> I believe there has been a real bug with int overflow in
> proc_dointvec.
> Covering it with test seems like a good idea.

Oh definitely.

> > > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max(struct kunit *test)
> > > +{
> > > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > > +             .procname = "foo",
> > > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > > +     };
> > > +     char input[32];
> > > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > > +     unsigned long greater_than_max = (unsigned long)INT_MAX + 1;
> > > +
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_GT(test, greater_than_max, (unsigned long)INT_MAX);
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "%lu",
> > > +                                            greater_than_max),
> > > +                     sizeof(input));
> > > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> > > +                     proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > > +}
> > > +
> >
> > API test.
> >
> > > +static struct kunit_case sysctl_test_cases[] = {
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data),
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset),
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero),
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set),
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive),
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative),
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min),
> > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max),
> > > +     {}
> > > +};
> >
> > Oh all are API tests.. perhaps then just rename then
> > sysctl_test_cases to sysctl_api_test_cases.
> >
> > Would be good to add at least *two* other tests cases for this
> > example, one which does a valid read and one which does a valid write.
> Added valid reads. There already are 2 valid writes.

Thanks.

> > If that is done either we add another kunit test module for correctness
> > or just extend the above and use prefix / postfixes on the functions
> > to distinguish between API / correctness somehow.
> >
> > > +
> > > +static struct kunit_module sysctl_test_module = {
> > > +     .name = "sysctl_test",
> > > +     .test_cases = sysctl_test_cases,
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +module_test(sysctl_test_module);
> > > diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > > index cbdfae3798965..389b8986f5b77 100644
> > > --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > > +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > > @@ -1939,6 +1939,16 @@ config TEST_SYSCTL
> > >
> > >         If unsure, say N.
> > >
> > > +config SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST
> > > +     bool "KUnit test for sysctl"
> > > +     depends on KUNIT
> > > +     help
> > > +       This builds the proc sysctl unit test, which runs on boot. For more
> > > +       information on KUnit and unit tests in general please refer to the
> > > +       KUnit documentation in Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/.
> >
> > A little more description here would help. It is testing for API and
> > hopefully also correctness (if extended with those two examples I
> > mentioned).
> >
> Added "Tests the API contract and implementation correctness of sysctl."

Yes, much clearer, thanks!

  Luis
Brendan Higgins June 28, 2019, 8:01 a.m. UTC | #4
On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 11:10 PM Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 09:07:43PM -0700, Iurii Zaikin wrote:
> > On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 7:17 PM Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset(struct kunit *test)
> > > > +{
> > > > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > > > +             .procname = "foo",
> > > > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > > > +             .maxlen         = 0,
> > > > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > > > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > > > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > > > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > > > +     };
> > > > +     void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > > > +     size_t len;
> > > > +     loff_t pos;
> > > > +
> > > > +     len = 1234;
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > > > +     len = 1234;
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > > > +}
> > >
> > > In a way this is also testing for general kernel API changes. This is and the
> > > last one were good examples. So this is not just testing functionality
> > > here. There is no wrong or write answer if 0 or -EINVAL was returned
> > > other than the fact that we have been doing this for years.
> > >
> > > Its a perhaps small but important difference for some of these tests.  I
> > > *do* think its worth clarifying through documentation which ones are
> > > testing for API consistency Vs proper correctness.
> >
> > You make a good point that the test codifies the existing behavior of
> > the function in lieu of formal documentation.  However, the test cases
> > were derived from examining the source code of the function under test
> > and attempting to cover all branches. The assertions were added only
> > for the values that appeared to be set deliberately in the
> > implementation. And it makes sense to me to test that the code does
> > exactly what the implementation author intended.
>
> I'm not arguing against adding them. I'm suggesting that it is different
> to test for API than for correctness of intended functionality, and
> it would be wise to make it clear which test cases are for API and which
> for correctness.

I see later on that some of the API stuff you are talking about is
public APIs from the standpoint of user (outside of LInux) visible. To
be clear, is that what you mean by public APIs throughout, or would
you distinguish between correctness tests, internal API tests, and
external API tests?

> This will come up later for other kunit tests and it would be great
> to set precendent so that other kunit tests can follow similar
> practices to ensure its clear what is API realted Vs correctness of
> intended functionality.
>
> In fact, I'm not yet sure if its possible to test public kernel API to
> userspace with kunit, but if it is possible... well, that could make
> linux-api folks happy as they could enable us to codify interpreation of
> what is expected into kunit test cases, and we'd ensure that the
> codified interpretation is not only documented in man pages but also
> through formal kunit test cases.
>
> A regression in linux-api then could be formalized through a proper
> kunit tests case. And if an API evolves, it would force developers to
> update the respective kunit which codifies that contract.

Yep, I think that is long term hope. Some of the file system interface
stuff that requires a filesystem to be mounted somewhere might get a
little weird/difficult, but I suspect we should be able to do it
eventually. I mean it's all just C code right? Should mostly boil down
to someone figuring out how to do it the first time.

> > > > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min(struct kunit *test)
> > > > +{
> > > > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > > > +             .procname = "foo",
> > > > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > > > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > > > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > > > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > > > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > > > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > > > +     };
> > > > +     char input[32];
> > > > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > > > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > > > +     unsigned long abs_of_less_than_min = (unsigned long)INT_MAX
> > > > +                                          - (INT_MAX + INT_MIN) + 1;
> > > > +
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test,
> > > > +                     (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "-%lu",
> > > > +                                      abs_of_less_than_min),
> > > > +                     sizeof(input));
> > > > +
> > > > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> > > > +                     proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > > > +}
> > >
> > > API test.
> > >
> > Not sure why.
>
> Because you are codifying that we *definitely* return -EINVAL on
> overlow. Some parts of the kernel return -ERANGE for overflows for
> instance.
>
> It would be a generic test for overflow if it would just test
> for any error.
>
> It is a fine and good test to keep. All these tests are good to keep.
>
> > I believe there has been a real bug with int overflow in
> > proc_dointvec.
> > Covering it with test seems like a good idea.
>
> Oh definitely.
>
> > > > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max(struct kunit *test)
> > > > +{
> > > > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > > > +             .procname = "foo",
> > > > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > > > +             .maxlen         = sizeof(int),
> > > > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > > > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > > > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > > > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > > > +     };
> > > > +     char input[32];
> > > > +     size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
> > > > +     loff_t pos = 0;
> > > > +     unsigned long greater_than_max = (unsigned long)INT_MAX + 1;
> > > > +
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_GT(test, greater_than_max, (unsigned long)INT_MAX);
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "%lu",
> > > > +                                            greater_than_max),
> > > > +                     sizeof(input));
> > > > +     table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
> > > > +                     proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
> > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > >
> > > API test.
> > >
> > > > +static struct kunit_case sysctl_test_cases[] = {
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data),
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset),
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero),
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set),
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive),
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative),
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min),
> > > > +     KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max),
> > > > +     {}
> > > > +};
> > >
> > > Oh all are API tests.. perhaps then just rename then
> > > sysctl_test_cases to sysctl_api_test_cases.
> > >
> > > Would be good to add at least *two* other tests cases for this
> > > example, one which does a valid read and one which does a valid write.
> > Added valid reads. There already are 2 valid writes.
>
> Thanks.
>
> > > If that is done either we add another kunit test module for correctness
> > > or just extend the above and use prefix / postfixes on the functions
> > > to distinguish between API / correctness somehow.
> > >
> > > > +
> > > > +static struct kunit_module sysctl_test_module = {
> > > > +     .name = "sysctl_test",
> > > > +     .test_cases = sysctl_test_cases,
> > > > +};
> > > > +
> > > > +module_test(sysctl_test_module);
> > > > diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > > > index cbdfae3798965..389b8986f5b77 100644
> > > > --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > > > +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> > > > @@ -1939,6 +1939,16 @@ config TEST_SYSCTL
> > > >
> > > >         If unsure, say N.
> > > >
> > > > +config SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST
> > > > +     bool "KUnit test for sysctl"
> > > > +     depends on KUNIT
> > > > +     help
> > > > +       This builds the proc sysctl unit test, which runs on boot. For more
> > > > +       information on KUnit and unit tests in general please refer to the
> > > > +       KUnit documentation in Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/.
> > >
> > > A little more description here would help. It is testing for API and
> > > hopefully also correctness (if extended with those two examples I
> > > mentioned).
> > >
> > Added "Tests the API contract and implementation correctness of sysctl."
>
> Yes, much clearer, thanks!

Cheers!
Luis Chamberlain June 28, 2019, 9:37 p.m. UTC | #5
On Fri, Jun 28, 2019 at 01:01:54AM -0700, Brendan Higgins wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 11:10 PM Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 09:07:43PM -0700, Iurii Zaikin wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 7:17 PM Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > +static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset(struct kunit *test)
> > > > > +{
> > > > > +     struct ctl_table table = {
> > > > > +             .procname = "foo",
> > > > > +             .data           = &test_data.int_0001,
> > > > > +             .maxlen         = 0,
> > > > > +             .mode           = 0644,
> > > > > +             .proc_handler   = proc_dointvec,
> > > > > +             .extra1         = &i_zero,
> > > > > +             .extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
> > > > > +     };
> > > > > +     void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
> > > > > +     size_t len;
> > > > > +     loff_t pos;
> > > > > +
> > > > > +     len = 1234;
> > > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > > > > +     len = 1234;
> > > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
> > > > > +     KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
> > > > > +}
> > > >
> > > > In a way this is also testing for general kernel API changes. This is and the
> > > > last one were good examples. So this is not just testing functionality
> > > > here. There is no wrong or write answer if 0 or -EINVAL was returned
> > > > other than the fact that we have been doing this for years.
> > > >
> > > > Its a perhaps small but important difference for some of these tests.  I
> > > > *do* think its worth clarifying through documentation which ones are
> > > > testing for API consistency Vs proper correctness.
> > >
> > > You make a good point that the test codifies the existing behavior of
> > > the function in lieu of formal documentation.  However, the test cases
> > > were derived from examining the source code of the function under test
> > > and attempting to cover all branches. The assertions were added only
> > > for the values that appeared to be set deliberately in the
> > > implementation. And it makes sense to me to test that the code does
> > > exactly what the implementation author intended.
> >
> > I'm not arguing against adding them. I'm suggesting that it is different
> > to test for API than for correctness of intended functionality, and
> > it would be wise to make it clear which test cases are for API and which
> > for correctness.
> 
> I see later on that some of the API stuff you are talking about is
> public APIs from the standpoint of user (outside of LInux) visible.

Right, UAPI.

> To
> be clear, is that what you mean by public APIs throughout, or would
> you distinguish between correctness tests, internal API tests, and
> external API tests?

I would definitely recommend distingishing between all of these.
Kernel API (or just call it API), UAPI, and correctness.

> > This will come up later for other kunit tests and it would be great
> > to set precendent so that other kunit tests can follow similar
> > practices to ensure its clear what is API realted Vs correctness of
> > intended functionality.
> >
> > In fact, I'm not yet sure if its possible to test public kernel API to
> > userspace with kunit, but if it is possible... well, that could make
> > linux-api folks happy as they could enable us to codify interpreation of
> > what is expected into kunit test cases, and we'd ensure that the
> > codified interpretation is not only documented in man pages but also
> > through formal kunit test cases.
> >
> > A regression in linux-api then could be formalized through a proper
> > kunit tests case. And if an API evolves, it would force developers to
> > update the respective kunit which codifies that contract.
> 
> Yep, I think that is long term hope. Some of the file system interface
> stuff that requires a filesystem to be mounted somewhere might get a
> little weird/difficult, but I suspect we should be able to do it
> eventually. I mean it's all just C code right? Should mostly boil down
> to someone figuring out how to do it the first time.

There used to be hacks in the kernel the call syscalls in a few places.
This was cleaned up and addressed via Dominik Brodowski's series last
year in March:

http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180325162527.GA17492@light.dominikbrodowski.net

An example commit: d300b610812f3 ("kernel: use kernel_wait4() instead of
sys_wait4()").

So it would seem the work is done, and you'd just have to use the
respective exposed kernel_syscallname() calls, or add some if you
want to test a specific syscall in kernel space.

  Luis

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index a8d923b5481ba..50fd511cd0ee0 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -114,6 +114,8 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_HAS_IOMEM) += iomem.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) += memremap.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RSEQ) += rseq.o
 
+obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST) += sysctl-test.o
+
 obj-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK) += stackleak.o
 KASAN_SANITIZE_stackleak.o := n
 KCOV_INSTRUMENT_stackleak.o := n
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl-test.c b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..cb61ad3c7db63
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/sysctl-test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,242 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * KUnit test of proc sysctl.
+ */
+
+#include <kunit/test.h>
+#include <linux/sysctl.h>
+
+static int i_zero;
+static int i_one_hundred = 100;
+
+struct test_sysctl_data {
+	int int_0001;
+	int int_0002;
+	int int_0003[4];
+
+	unsigned int uint_0001;
+
+	char string_0001[65];
+};
+
+static struct test_sysctl_data test_data = {
+	.int_0001 = 60,
+	.int_0002 = 1,
+
+	.int_0003[0] = 0,
+	.int_0003[1] = 1,
+	.int_0003[2] = 2,
+	.int_0003[3] = 3,
+
+	.uint_0001 = 314,
+
+	.string_0001 = "(none)",
+};
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= NULL,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	size_t len;
+	loff_t pos;
+
+	len = 1234;
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
+	len = 1234;
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
+		.maxlen		= 0,
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	size_t len;
+	loff_t pos;
+
+	len = 1234;
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
+	len = 1234;
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	size_t len;
+	loff_t pos;
+
+	len = 0;
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, buffer, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	void  *buffer = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	size_t len;
+	loff_t pos;
+
+	len = 1234;
+	pos = 1;
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 0, buffer, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, (size_t)0, len);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	char input[] = "9";
+	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
+	loff_t pos = 0;
+
+	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, (size_t)pos);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 9, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	char input[] = "-9";
+	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
+	loff_t pos = 0;
+
+	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, (size_t)pos);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -9, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	char input[32];
+	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
+	loff_t pos = 0;
+	unsigned long abs_of_less_than_min = (unsigned long)INT_MAX
+					     - (INT_MAX + INT_MIN) + 1;
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test,
+			(size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "-%lu",
+					 abs_of_less_than_min),
+			sizeof(input));
+
+	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
+			proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
+}
+
+static void sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct ctl_table table = {
+		.procname = "foo",
+		.data		= &test_data.int_0001,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.extra1		= &i_zero,
+		.extra2         = &i_one_hundred,
+	};
+	char input[32];
+	size_t len = sizeof(input) - 1;
+	loff_t pos = 0;
+	unsigned long greater_than_max = (unsigned long)INT_MAX + 1;
+
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_GT(test, greater_than_max, (unsigned long)INT_MAX);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (size_t)snprintf(input, sizeof(input), "%lu",
+					       greater_than_max),
+			sizeof(input));
+	table.data = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(int), GFP_USER);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -EINVAL,
+			proc_dointvec(&table, 1, input, &len, &pos));
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, sizeof(input) - 1, len);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, ((int *)table.data)[0]);
+}
+
+static struct kunit_case sysctl_test_cases[] = {
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_null_tbl_data),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_maxlen_unset),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_len_is_zero),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_table_read_but_position_set),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_positive),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_happy_single_negative),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_less_int_min),
+	KUNIT_CASE(sysctl_test_dointvec_single_greater_int_max),
+	{}
+};
+
+static struct kunit_module sysctl_test_module = {
+	.name = "sysctl_test",
+	.test_cases = sysctl_test_cases,
+};
+
+module_test(sysctl_test_module);
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index cbdfae3798965..389b8986f5b77 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1939,6 +1939,16 @@  config TEST_SYSCTL
 
 	  If unsure, say N.
 
+config SYSCTL_KUNIT_TEST
+	bool "KUnit test for sysctl"
+	depends on KUNIT
+	help
+	  This builds the proc sysctl unit test, which runs on boot. For more
+	  information on KUnit and unit tests in general please refer to the
+	  KUnit documentation in Documentation/dev-tools/kunit/.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 config TEST_UDELAY
 	tristate "udelay test driver"
 	help