[v10,10/13] mm: Document ZONE_DEVICE memory-model implications
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Message ID 156092354985.979959.15763234410543451710.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
State New, archived
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Series
  • mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support
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Commit Message

Dan Williams June 19, 2019, 5:52 a.m. UTC
Explain the general mechanisms of 'ZONE_DEVICE' pages and list the users
of 'devm_memremap_pages()'.

Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Reported-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst |   39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 39 insertions(+)

Comments

Mike Rapoport June 20, 2019, 12:30 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, Jun 18, 2019 at 10:52:29PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> Explain the general mechanisms of 'ZONE_DEVICE' pages and list the users
> of 'devm_memremap_pages()'.
> 
> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
> Reported-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

With one nit below

Reviewed-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>

> ---
>  Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst |   39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 39 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst b/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst
> index 382f72ace1fc..e0af47e02e78 100644
> --- a/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst
> @@ -181,3 +181,42 @@ that is eventually passed to vmemmap_populate() through a long chain
>  of function calls. The vmemmap_populate() implementation may use the
>  `vmem_altmap` along with :c:func:`altmap_alloc_block_buf` helper to
>  allocate memory map on the persistent memory device.
> +
> +ZONE_DEVICE
> +===========
> +The `ZONE_DEVICE` facility builds upon `SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP` to offer
> +`struct page` `mem_map` services for device driver identified physical
> +address ranges. The "device" aspect of `ZONE_DEVICE` relates to the fact
> +that the page objects for these address ranges are never marked online,
> +and that a reference must be taken against the device, not just the page
> +to keep the memory pinned for active use. `ZONE_DEVICE`, via
> +:c:func:`devm_memremap_pages`, performs just enough memory hotplug to
> +turn on :c:func:`pfn_to_page`, :c:func:`page_to_pfn`, and
> +:c:func:`get_user_pages` service for the given range of pfns. Since the
> +page reference count never drops below 1 the page is never tracked as
> +free memory and the page's `struct list_head lru` space is repurposed
> +for back referencing to the host device / driver that mapped the memory.
> +
> +While `SPARSEMEM` presents memory as a collection of sections,
> +optionally collected into memory blocks, `ZONE_DEVICE` users have a need
> +for smaller granularity of populating the `mem_map`. Given that
> +`ZONE_DEVICE` memory is never marked online it is subsequently never
> +subject to its memory ranges being exposed through the sysfs memory
> +hotplug api on memory block boundaries. The implementation relies on
> +this lack of user-api constraint to allow sub-section sized memory
> +ranges to be specified to :c:func:`arch_add_memory`, the top-half of
> +memory hotplug. Sub-section support allows for `PMD_SIZE` as the minimum
> +alignment granularity for :c:func:`devm_memremap_pages`.
> +
> +The users of `ZONE_DEVICE` are:

Sphinx wants an empty line here:
/home/rapoport/git/linux-docs/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst:213: ERROR:
Unexpected indentation.

> +* pmem: Map platform persistent memory to be used as a direct-I/O target
> +  via DAX mappings.
> +
> +* hmm: Extend `ZONE_DEVICE` with `->page_fault()` and `->page_free()`
> +  event callbacks to allow a device-driver to coordinate memory management
> +  events related to device-memory, typically GPU memory. See
> +  Documentation/vm/hmm.rst.
> +
> +* p2pdma: Create `struct page` objects to allow peer devices in a
> +  PCI/-E topology to coordinate direct-DMA operations between themselves,
> +  i.e. bypass host memory.
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst b/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst
index 382f72ace1fc..e0af47e02e78 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst
+++ b/Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst
@@ -181,3 +181,42 @@  that is eventually passed to vmemmap_populate() through a long chain
 of function calls. The vmemmap_populate() implementation may use the
 `vmem_altmap` along with :c:func:`altmap_alloc_block_buf` helper to
 allocate memory map on the persistent memory device.
+
+ZONE_DEVICE
+===========
+The `ZONE_DEVICE` facility builds upon `SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP` to offer
+`struct page` `mem_map` services for device driver identified physical
+address ranges. The "device" aspect of `ZONE_DEVICE` relates to the fact
+that the page objects for these address ranges are never marked online,
+and that a reference must be taken against the device, not just the page
+to keep the memory pinned for active use. `ZONE_DEVICE`, via
+:c:func:`devm_memremap_pages`, performs just enough memory hotplug to
+turn on :c:func:`pfn_to_page`, :c:func:`page_to_pfn`, and
+:c:func:`get_user_pages` service for the given range of pfns. Since the
+page reference count never drops below 1 the page is never tracked as
+free memory and the page's `struct list_head lru` space is repurposed
+for back referencing to the host device / driver that mapped the memory.
+
+While `SPARSEMEM` presents memory as a collection of sections,
+optionally collected into memory blocks, `ZONE_DEVICE` users have a need
+for smaller granularity of populating the `mem_map`. Given that
+`ZONE_DEVICE` memory is never marked online it is subsequently never
+subject to its memory ranges being exposed through the sysfs memory
+hotplug api on memory block boundaries. The implementation relies on
+this lack of user-api constraint to allow sub-section sized memory
+ranges to be specified to :c:func:`arch_add_memory`, the top-half of
+memory hotplug. Sub-section support allows for `PMD_SIZE` as the minimum
+alignment granularity for :c:func:`devm_memremap_pages`.
+
+The users of `ZONE_DEVICE` are:
+* pmem: Map platform persistent memory to be used as a direct-I/O target
+  via DAX mappings.
+
+* hmm: Extend `ZONE_DEVICE` with `->page_fault()` and `->page_free()`
+  event callbacks to allow a device-driver to coordinate memory management
+  events related to device-memory, typically GPU memory. See
+  Documentation/vm/hmm.rst.
+
+* p2pdma: Create `struct page` objects to allow peer devices in a
+  PCI/-E topology to coordinate direct-DMA operations between themselves,
+  i.e. bypass host memory.