kbuild: add more hints about SUBDIRS replacement
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Message ID 20190625085127.9446-1-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
State New
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Series
  • kbuild: add more hints about SUBDIRS replacement
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Commit Message

Masahiro Yamada June 25, 2019, 8:51 a.m. UTC
Commit 0126be38d988 ("kbuild: announce removal of SUBDIRS if used")
added a hint about the 'SUBDIRS' replacement, but it was not clear
enough.

Multiple people sent me similar questions, patches.

  https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/1/17/456

I did not mean to suggest M= for building a subdirectory in the kernel
tree.

From the commit 669efc76b317 ("net: hns3: fix compile error"), people
already (ab)use M=... to do that because it seems to work to some extent.

Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.txt says M= and KBUILD_EXTMOD are used for
building external modules.

In fact, Kbuild supports the single target '%/' for this purpose, but
this may not be noticed much.

Kindly add more hints.

Makefile:213: ================= WARNING ================
Makefile:214: 'SUBDIRS' will be removed after Linux 5.3
Makefile:215:
Makefile:216: If you are building an individual subdirectory
Makefile:217: in the kernel tree, you can do like this:
Makefile:218: $ make path/to/dir/you/want/to/build/
Makefile:219: (Do not forget the trailing slash)
Makefile:220:
Makefile:221: If you are building an external module,
Makefile:222: Please use 'M=' or 'KBUILD_EXTMOD' instead
Makefile:223: ==========================================

Suggested-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
---

 Makefile | 7 +++++++
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

Comments

Sam Ravnborg June 26, 2019, 2:30 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 05:51:27PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> Commit 0126be38d988 ("kbuild: announce removal of SUBDIRS if used")
> added a hint about the 'SUBDIRS' replacement, but it was not clear
> enough.
> 
> Multiple people sent me similar questions, patches.
> 
>   https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/1/17/456
> 
> I did not mean to suggest M= for building a subdirectory in the kernel
> tree.
> 
> >From the commit 669efc76b317 ("net: hns3: fix compile error"), people
> already (ab)use M=... to do that because it seems to work to some extent.
> 
> Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.txt says M= and KBUILD_EXTMOD are used for
> building external modules.
> 
> In fact, Kbuild supports the single target '%/' for this purpose, but
> this may not be noticed much.
> 
> Kindly add more hints.
> 
> Makefile:213: ================= WARNING ================
> Makefile:214: 'SUBDIRS' will be removed after Linux 5.3
> Makefile:215:
> Makefile:216: If you are building an individual subdirectory
> Makefile:217: in the kernel tree, you can do like this:
> Makefile:218: $ make path/to/dir/you/want/to/build/
> Makefile:219: (Do not forget the trailing slash)
> Makefile:220:
> Makefile:221: If you are building an external module,
> Makefile:222: Please use 'M=' or 'KBUILD_EXTMOD' instead
> Makefile:223: ==========================================
> 
> Suggested-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

Nice!

Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>

	Sam
Masahiro Yamada July 6, 2019, 2:30 p.m. UTC | #2
On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 11:30 PM Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 05:51:27PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> > Commit 0126be38d988 ("kbuild: announce removal of SUBDIRS if used")
> > added a hint about the 'SUBDIRS' replacement, but it was not clear
> > enough.
> >
> > Multiple people sent me similar questions, patches.
> >
> >   https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/1/17/456
> >
> > I did not mean to suggest M= for building a subdirectory in the kernel
> > tree.
> >
> > >From the commit 669efc76b317 ("net: hns3: fix compile error"), people
> > already (ab)use M=... to do that because it seems to work to some extent.
> >
> > Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.txt says M= and KBUILD_EXTMOD are used for
> > building external modules.
> >
> > In fact, Kbuild supports the single target '%/' for this purpose, but
> > this may not be noticed much.
> >
> > Kindly add more hints.
> >
> > Makefile:213: ================= WARNING ================
> > Makefile:214: 'SUBDIRS' will be removed after Linux 5.3
> > Makefile:215:
> > Makefile:216: If you are building an individual subdirectory
> > Makefile:217: in the kernel tree, you can do like this:
> > Makefile:218: $ make path/to/dir/you/want/to/build/
> > Makefile:219: (Do not forget the trailing slash)
> > Makefile:220:
> > Makefile:221: If you are building an external module,
> > Makefile:222: Please use 'M=' or 'KBUILD_EXTMOD' instead
> > Makefile:223: ==========================================
> >
> > Suggested-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
> > Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
>
> Nice!
>
> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
>
>         Sam

Applied to linux-kbuild.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 7a7c17eb0cbf..823a39d940c6 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -212,6 +212,13 @@  endif
 ifdef SUBDIRS
   $(warning ================= WARNING ================)
   $(warning 'SUBDIRS' will be removed after Linux 5.3)
+  $(warning )
+  $(warning If you are building an individual subdirectory)
+  $(warning in the kernel tree, you can do like this:)
+  $(warning $$ make path/to/dir/you/want/to/build/)
+  $(warning (Do not forget the trailing slash))
+  $(warning )
+  $(warning If you are building an external module,)
   $(warning Please use 'M=' or 'KBUILD_EXTMOD' instead)
   $(warning ==========================================)
   KBUILD_EXTMOD ?= $(SUBDIRS)