[bpf-next,v9,02/10] bpf: Add eBPF program subtype and is_valid_subtype() verifier
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190625215239.11136-3-mic@digikod.net
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Landlock LSM: Toward unprivileged sandboxing
Related show

Commit Message

Mickaël Salaün June 25, 2019, 9:52 p.m. UTC
The goal of the program subtype is to be able to have different static
fine-grained verifications for a unique program type.

The struct bpf_verifier_ops gets a new optional function:
is_valid_subtype(). This new verifier is called at the beginning of the
eBPF program verification to check if the (optional) program subtype is
valid.

The new helper bpf_load_program_xattr() enables to verify a program with
subtypes.

For now, only Landlock eBPF programs are using a program subtype (see
next commits) but this could be used by other program types in the
future.

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160827205559.GA43880@ast-mbp.thefacebook.com
---

Changes since v8:
* use bpf_load_program_xattr() instead of bpf_load_program() and add
  bpf_verify_program_xattr() to deal with subtypes
* remove put_extra() since there is no more "previous" field (for now)

Changes since v7:
* rename LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_* to LANDLOCK_*
* move subtype in bpf_prog_aux and use only one bit for has_subtype
  (suggested by Alexei Starovoitov)
* wrap the prog_subtype with a prog_extra to be able to reference kernel
  pointers:
  * add an optional put_extra() function to struct bpf_prog_ops to be
    able to free the pointed data
  * replace all the prog_subtype with prog_extra in the struct
    bpf_verifier_ops functions
* remove the ABI field (requested by Alexei Starovoitov)
* rename subtype fields

Changes since v6:
* rename Landlock version to ABI to better reflect its purpose
* fix unsigned integer checks
* fix pointer cast
* constify pointers
* rebase

Changes since v5:
* use a prog_subtype pointer and make it future-proof
* add subtype test
* constify bpf_load_program()'s subtype argument
* cleanup subtype initialization
* rebase

Changes since v4:
* replace the "status" field with "version" (more generic)
* replace the "access" field with "ability" (less confusing)

Changes since v3:
* remove the "origin" field
* add an "option" field
* cleanup comments
---
 include/linux/bpf.h                           |  8 +++++
 include/uapi/linux/bpf.h                      |  9 ++++++
 kernel/bpf/core.c                             |  1 +
 kernel/bpf/syscall.c                          | 32 ++++++++++++++++++-
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c                         | 11 +++++++
 net/core/filter.c                             | 25 ++++++++-------
 tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h                |  9 ++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c                           | 10 +++++-
 tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h                           |  2 ++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map                      |  1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_verifier.c   | 26 +++++++++++++--
 .../testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/subtype.c  | 10 ++++++
 12 files changed, 128 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/subtype.c

Comments

Alexei Starovoitov June 25, 2019, 11:02 p.m. UTC | #1
On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 3:04 PM Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net> wrote:
>
> The goal of the program subtype is to be able to have different static
> fine-grained verifications for a unique program type.
>
> The struct bpf_verifier_ops gets a new optional function:
> is_valid_subtype(). This new verifier is called at the beginning of the
> eBPF program verification to check if the (optional) program subtype is
> valid.
>
> The new helper bpf_load_program_xattr() enables to verify a program with
> subtypes.
>
> For now, only Landlock eBPF programs are using a program subtype (see
> next commits) but this could be used by other program types in the
> future.
>
> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160827205559.GA43880@ast-mbp.thefacebook.com
> ---
>
> Changes since v8:
> * use bpf_load_program_xattr() instead of bpf_load_program() and add
>   bpf_verify_program_xattr() to deal with subtypes
> * remove put_extra() since there is no more "previous" field (for now)
>
> Changes since v7:
> * rename LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_* to LANDLOCK_*
> * move subtype in bpf_prog_aux and use only one bit for has_subtype
>   (suggested by Alexei Starovoitov)

sorry to say, but I don't think the landlock will ever land,
since posting huge patches once a year is missing a lot of development
that is happening during that time.
This 2/10 patch is an example.
subtype concept was useful 2 years ago when v6 was posted.
Since then bpf developers faced very similar problem in other parts
and it was solved with 'expected_attach_type' field.
See commit 5e43f899b03a ("bpf: Check attach type at prog load time")
dated March 2018.
Mickaël Salaün June 26, 2019, 7:33 a.m. UTC | #2
On 26/06/2019 01:02, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 3:04 PM Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net> wrote:
>>
>> The goal of the program subtype is to be able to have different static
>> fine-grained verifications for a unique program type.
>>
>> The struct bpf_verifier_ops gets a new optional function:
>> is_valid_subtype(). This new verifier is called at the beginning of the
>> eBPF program verification to check if the (optional) program subtype is
>> valid.
>>
>> The new helper bpf_load_program_xattr() enables to verify a program with
>> subtypes.
>>
>> For now, only Landlock eBPF programs are using a program subtype (see
>> next commits) but this could be used by other program types in the
>> future.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
>> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
>> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
>> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160827205559.GA43880@ast-mbp.thefacebook.com
>> ---
>>
>> Changes since v8:
>> * use bpf_load_program_xattr() instead of bpf_load_program() and add
>>   bpf_verify_program_xattr() to deal with subtypes
>> * remove put_extra() since there is no more "previous" field (for now)
>>
>> Changes since v7:
>> * rename LANDLOCK_SUBTYPE_* to LANDLOCK_*
>> * move subtype in bpf_prog_aux and use only one bit for has_subtype
>>   (suggested by Alexei Starovoitov)
> 
> sorry to say, but I don't think the landlock will ever land,
> since posting huge patches once a year is missing a lot of development
> that is happening during that time.

You're right that it's been a while since the last patch set, but the
main reasons behind this was a lack of feedback (probably because of the
size of the patch set, which is now reduce to a consistent minimum), the
rework needed to address everyone's concern (Landlock modify kernel
components from different maintainers), and above all, the LSM stacking
infrastructure which was quite beefy and then took some time to land:
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/50db058a-7dde-441b-a7f9-f6837fe8b69f@schaufler-ca.com/
This stacking infrastructure was required to have a useful version of
Landlock (which is used as a use case example), and it was released with
Linux v5.1 (last month). Now, I think everything is finally ready to
move forward.

> This 2/10 patch is an example.
> subtype concept was useful 2 years ago when v6 was posted.
> Since then bpf developers faced very similar problem in other parts
> and it was solved with 'expected_attach_type' field.
> See commit 5e43f899b03a ("bpf: Check attach type at prog load time")
> dated March 2018.

I saw this nice feature but I wasn't sure if it was the right field to
use. Indeed, I need more than a "type", but also some values (triggers)
as shown by this patch. What do you suggest?

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index a62e7889b0b6..da167d3afecc 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -294,6 +294,11 @@  bpf_ctx_record_field_size(struct bpf_insn_access_aux *aux, u32 size)
 	aux->ctx_field_size = size;
 }
 
+/* specific data per program type */
+struct bpf_prog_extra {
+	union bpf_prog_subtype subtype;
+};
+
 struct bpf_prog_ops {
 	int (*test_run)(struct bpf_prog *prog, const union bpf_attr *kattr,
 			union bpf_attr __user *uattr);
@@ -319,6 +324,8 @@  struct bpf_verifier_ops {
 				  const struct bpf_insn *src,
 				  struct bpf_insn *dst,
 				  struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 *target_size);
+	// TODO?: convert to bool (*is_valid_subtype)(struct bpf_prog *prog);
+	bool (*is_valid_subtype)(struct bpf_prog_extra *prog_extra);
 };
 
 struct bpf_prog_offload_ops {
@@ -418,6 +425,7 @@  struct bpf_prog_aux {
 		struct work_struct work;
 		struct rcu_head	rcu;
 	};
+	struct bpf_prog_extra *extra;
 };
 
 struct bpf_array {
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index b077507efa3f..ddae50373d58 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -355,6 +355,13 @@  struct bpf_stack_build_id {
 	};
 };
 
+union bpf_prog_subtype {
+	struct {
+		__u32		type; /* enum landlock_hook_type */
+		__aligned_u64	triggers; /* LANDLOCK_TRIGGER_* */
+	} landlock_hook;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
 union bpf_attr {
 	struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_MAP_CREATE command */
 		__u32	map_type;	/* one of enum bpf_map_type */
@@ -409,6 +416,8 @@  union bpf_attr {
 		__u32		line_info_rec_size;	/* userspace bpf_line_info size */
 		__aligned_u64	line_info;	/* line info */
 		__u32		line_info_cnt;	/* number of bpf_line_info records */
+		__aligned_u64	prog_subtype;	/* bpf_prog_subtype address */
+		__u32		prog_subtype_size;
 	};
 
 	struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_OBJ_* commands */
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/core.c b/kernel/bpf/core.c
index ad3be85f1411..8ad392e52328 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/core.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/core.c
@@ -255,6 +255,7 @@  void __bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp)
 {
 	if (fp->aux) {
 		free_percpu(fp->aux->stats);
+		kfree(fp->aux->extra);
 		kfree(fp->aux);
 	}
 	vfree(fp);
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
index 7713cf39795a..7dd3376904d4 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -1596,7 +1596,7 @@  bpf_prog_load_check_attach_type(enum bpf_prog_type prog_type,
 }
 
 /* last field in 'union bpf_attr' used by this command */
-#define	BPF_PROG_LOAD_LAST_FIELD line_info_cnt
+#define	BPF_PROG_LOAD_LAST_FIELD prog_subtype_size
 
 static int bpf_prog_load(union bpf_attr *attr, union bpf_attr __user *uattr)
 {
@@ -1686,6 +1686,36 @@  static int bpf_prog_load(union bpf_attr *attr, union bpf_attr __user *uattr)
 	if (err)
 		goto free_prog;
 
+	/* copy eBPF program subtype from user space */
+	if (attr->prog_subtype) {
+		u32 size;
+
+		err = bpf_check_uarg_tail_zero(
+				u64_to_user_ptr(attr->prog_subtype),
+				sizeof(prog->aux->extra->subtype),
+				attr->prog_subtype_size);
+		if (err)
+			goto free_prog;
+		size = min_t(u32, attr->prog_subtype_size,
+			     sizeof(prog->aux->extra->subtype));
+
+		prog->aux->extra = kzalloc(sizeof(*prog->aux->extra),
+					   GFP_KERNEL | GFP_USER);
+		if (!prog->aux->extra) {
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto free_prog;
+		}
+		if (copy_from_user(&prog->aux->extra->subtype,
+				   u64_to_user_ptr(attr->prog_subtype), size)
+				   != 0) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto free_prog;
+		}
+	} else if (attr->prog_subtype_size != 0) {
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto free_prog;
+	}
+
 	/* run eBPF verifier */
 	err = bpf_check(&prog, attr, uattr);
 	if (err < 0)
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 0e079b2298f8..930260683d0a 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -9167,6 +9167,17 @@  int bpf_check(struct bpf_prog **prog, union bpf_attr *attr,
 	if (ret < 0)
 		goto skip_full_check;
 
+	if (env->ops->is_valid_subtype) {
+		if (!env->ops->is_valid_subtype(env->prog->aux->extra)) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto err_unlock;
+		}
+	} else if (env->prog->aux->extra) {
+		/* do not accept a subtype if the program does not handle it */
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto err_unlock;
+	}
+
 	if (bpf_prog_is_dev_bound(env->prog->aux)) {
 		ret = bpf_prog_offload_verifier_prep(env->prog);
 		if (ret)
diff --git a/net/core/filter.c b/net/core/filter.c
index 2014d76e0d2a..0160237e5cd8 100644
--- a/net/core/filter.c
+++ b/net/core/filter.c
@@ -5846,7 +5846,8 @@  bool bpf_helper_changes_pkt_data(void *func)
 }
 
 static const struct bpf_func_proto *
-bpf_base_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id)
+bpf_base_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id,
+		    const struct bpf_prog_extra *prog_extra)
 {
 	switch (func_id) {
 	case BPF_FUNC_map_lookup_elem:
@@ -5902,7 +5903,7 @@  sock_filter_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	case BPF_FUNC_get_local_storage:
 		return &bpf_get_local_storage_proto;
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -5942,7 +5943,7 @@  sock_addr_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	case BPF_FUNC_sk_storage_delete:
 		return &bpf_sk_storage_delete_proto;
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -5959,7 +5960,7 @@  sk_filter_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	case BPF_FUNC_get_socket_uid:
 		return &bpf_get_socket_uid_proto;
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -6096,7 +6097,7 @@  tc_cls_act_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 		return &bpf_skb_ecn_set_ce_proto;
 #endif
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -6135,7 +6136,7 @@  xdp_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 		return &bpf_tcp_check_syncookie_proto;
 #endif
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -6171,7 +6172,7 @@  sock_ops_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 		return &bpf_tcp_sock_proto;
 #endif /* CONFIG_INET */
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -6197,7 +6198,7 @@  sk_msg_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	case BPF_FUNC_msg_pop_data:
 		return &bpf_msg_pop_data_proto;
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -6237,7 +6238,7 @@  sk_skb_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 		return &bpf_skc_lookup_tcp_proto;
 #endif
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -6248,7 +6249,7 @@  flow_dissector_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	case BPF_FUNC_skb_load_bytes:
 		return &bpf_flow_dissector_load_bytes_proto;
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -6275,7 +6276,7 @@  lwt_out_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	case BPF_FUNC_skb_under_cgroup:
 		return &bpf_skb_under_cgroup_proto;
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -8611,7 +8612,7 @@  sk_reuseport_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id,
 	case BPF_FUNC_skb_load_bytes_relative:
 		return &sk_reuseport_load_bytes_relative_proto;
 	default:
-		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id);
+		return bpf_base_func_proto(func_id, prog->aux->extra);
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index b077507efa3f..ddae50373d58 100644
--- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -355,6 +355,13 @@  struct bpf_stack_build_id {
 	};
 };
 
+union bpf_prog_subtype {
+	struct {
+		__u32		type; /* enum landlock_hook_type */
+		__aligned_u64	triggers; /* LANDLOCK_TRIGGER_* */
+	} landlock_hook;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
 union bpf_attr {
 	struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_MAP_CREATE command */
 		__u32	map_type;	/* one of enum bpf_map_type */
@@ -409,6 +416,8 @@  union bpf_attr {
 		__u32		line_info_rec_size;	/* userspace bpf_line_info size */
 		__aligned_u64	line_info;	/* line info */
 		__u32		line_info_cnt;	/* number of bpf_line_info records */
+		__aligned_u64	prog_subtype;	/* bpf_prog_subtype address */
+		__u32		prog_subtype_size;
 	};
 
 	struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_OBJ_* commands */
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
index c7d7993c44bb..ecd894344bbd 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.c
@@ -227,6 +227,9 @@  int bpf_load_program_xattr(const struct bpf_load_program_attr *load_attr,
 
 	memset(&attr, 0, sizeof(attr));
 	attr.prog_type = load_attr->prog_type;
+	attr.prog_subtype = ptr_to_u64(load_attr->prog_subtype);
+	attr.prog_subtype_size = load_attr->prog_subtype ?
+		sizeof(*load_attr->prog_subtype) : 0;
 	attr.expected_attach_type = load_attr->expected_attach_type;
 	attr.insn_cnt = (__u32)load_attr->insns_cnt;
 	attr.insns = ptr_to_u64(load_attr->insns);
@@ -332,6 +335,11 @@  int bpf_load_program(enum bpf_prog_type type, const struct bpf_insn *insns,
 	return bpf_load_program_xattr(&load_attr, log_buf, log_buf_sz);
 }
 
+int bpf_verify_program_xattr(union bpf_attr *attr, size_t attr_sz)
+{
+	return sys_bpf_prog_load(attr, attr_sz);
+}
+
 int bpf_verify_program(enum bpf_prog_type type, const struct bpf_insn *insns,
 		       size_t insns_cnt, __u32 prog_flags, const char *license,
 		       __u32 kern_version, char *log_buf, size_t log_buf_sz,
@@ -351,7 +359,7 @@  int bpf_verify_program(enum bpf_prog_type type, const struct bpf_insn *insns,
 	attr.kern_version = kern_version;
 	attr.prog_flags = prog_flags;
 
-	return sys_bpf_prog_load(&attr, sizeof(attr));
+	return bpf_verify_program_xattr(&attr, sizeof(attr));
 }
 
 int bpf_map_update_elem(int fd, const void *key, const void *value,
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
index ff42ca043dc8..7cd600d49f9e 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/bpf.h
@@ -88,6 +88,7 @@  struct bpf_load_program_attr {
 	__u32 line_info_cnt;
 	__u32 log_level;
 	__u32 prog_flags;
+	const union bpf_prog_subtype *prog_subtype;
 };
 
 /* Flags to direct loading requirements */
@@ -102,6 +103,7 @@  LIBBPF_API int bpf_load_program(enum bpf_prog_type type,
 				const struct bpf_insn *insns, size_t insns_cnt,
 				const char *license, __u32 kern_version,
 				char *log_buf, size_t log_buf_sz);
+LIBBPF_API int bpf_verify_program_xattr(union bpf_attr *attr, size_t attr_sz);
 LIBBPF_API int bpf_verify_program(enum bpf_prog_type type,
 				  const struct bpf_insn *insns,
 				  size_t insns_cnt, __u32 prog_flags,
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
index 2c6d835620d2..48c9269a0496 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
@@ -107,6 +107,7 @@  LIBBPF_0.0.1 {
 		bpf_set_link_xdp_fd;
 		bpf_task_fd_query;
 		bpf_verify_program;
+		bpf_verify_program_xattr;
 		btf__fd;
 		btf__find_by_name;
 		btf__free;
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_verifier.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_verifier.c
index c5514daf8865..93faffd31fc3 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_verifier.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_verifier.c
@@ -105,6 +105,8 @@  struct bpf_test {
 			__u64 data64[TEST_DATA_LEN / 8];
 		};
 	} retvals[MAX_TEST_RUNS];
+	bool has_prog_subtype;
+	union bpf_prog_subtype prog_subtype;
 };
 
 /* Note we want this to be 64 bit aligned so that the end of our array is
@@ -122,6 +124,11 @@  struct other_val {
 	long long bar;
 };
 
+static inline __u64 ptr_to_u64(const void *ptr)
+{
+	return (__u64) (unsigned long) ptr;
+}
+
 static void bpf_fill_ld_abs_vlan_push_pop(struct bpf_test *self)
 {
 	/* test: {skb->data[0], vlan_push} x 51 + {skb->data[0], vlan_pop} x 51 */
@@ -856,6 +863,9 @@  static void do_test_single(struct bpf_test *test, bool unpriv,
 	int fixup_skips;
 	__u32 pflags;
 	int i, err;
+	union bpf_attr attr;
+	union bpf_prog_subtype *prog_subtype =
+		test->has_prog_subtype ? &test->prog_subtype : NULL;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < MAX_NR_MAPS; i++)
 		map_fds[i] = -1;
@@ -881,8 +891,20 @@  static void do_test_single(struct bpf_test *test, bool unpriv,
 		pflags |= BPF_F_STRICT_ALIGNMENT;
 	if (test->flags & F_NEEDS_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS)
 		pflags |= BPF_F_ANY_ALIGNMENT;
-	fd_prog = bpf_verify_program(prog_type, prog, prog_len, pflags,
-				     "GPL", 0, bpf_vlog, sizeof(bpf_vlog), 4);
+
+	memset(&attr, 0, sizeof(attr));
+	attr.prog_type = prog_type;
+	attr.prog_subtype = ptr_to_u64(prog_subtype);
+	attr.prog_subtype_size = prog_subtype ? sizeof(*prog_subtype) : 0;
+	attr.insn_cnt = (__u32)prog_len;
+	attr.insns = ptr_to_u64(prog);
+	attr.license = ptr_to_u64("GPL");
+	bpf_vlog[0] = 0;
+	attr.log_buf = ptr_to_u64(bpf_vlog);
+	attr.log_size = sizeof(bpf_vlog);
+	attr.log_level = 4;
+	attr.prog_flags = pflags;
+	fd_prog = bpf_verify_program_xattr(&attr, sizeof(attr));
 	if (fd_prog < 0 && !bpf_probe_prog_type(prog_type, 0)) {
 		printf("SKIP (unsupported program type %d)\n", prog_type);
 		skips++;
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/subtype.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/subtype.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cf614223d53f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/subtype.c
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@ 
+{
+	"superfluous subtype",
+	.insns = {
+		BPF_MOV32_IMM(BPF_REG_0, 0),
+		BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
+	},
+	.errstr = "",
+	.result = REJECT,
+	.has_prog_subtype = true,
+},