[4/7] kbuild: support header-test-pattern-y
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190701005845.12475-5-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
State New
Headers show
  • Compile-test UAPI and kernel headers
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Commit Message

Masahiro Yamada July 1, 2019, 12:58 a.m. UTC
In my view, most of headers can be self-contained. So, it would be
tedious to add every header to header-test-y explicitly. We usually
end up with "all headers with some exceptions".

There are two types in exceptions:

[1] headers that are never compiled as standalone units

  For examples, include/linux/compiler-gcc.h is not intended for
  direct inclusion. We should always exclude such ones.

[2] headers that are conditionally compiled as standalone units

  Some headers can be compiled only for particular architectures.
  For example, include/linux/arm-cci.h can be compiled only for
  arm/arm64 because it requires <asm/arm-cci.h> to exist.
  Clang can compile include/soc/nps/mtm.h only for arc because
  it contains an arch-specific register in inline assembler.

So, you can write Makefile like this:

  header-test-                += linux/compiler-gcc.h
  header-test-$(CONFIG_ARM)   += linux/arm-cci.h
  header-test-$(CONFIG_ARM64) += linux/arm-cci.h
  header-test-$(CONFIG_ARC)   += soc/nps/mtm.h

The new syntax header-test-pattern-y will be useful to specify
"the rest".

The typical usage is like this:

  header-test-pattern-y += */*.h

This will add all the headers in sub-directories to the test coverage,
excluding $(header-test-). In this regards, header-test-pattern-y
behaves like a weaker variant of header-test-y.

The patterns in header-test-pattern-y are prefixed with $(srctree)/$(src)/
but not $(objtree)/$(obj)/. Stale generated headers are often left over
when you traverse the git history without cleaning. Wildcard patterns for
$(objtree) may match to stale headers, which could fail to compile.
One pitfall is $(srctree)/$(src)/ and $(objtree)/$(obj)/ point to the
same directory for in-tree building. So, header-test-pattern-y should
be used with care since it can potentially match to stale headers.

You could use wildcard for header-test-. For example,

  header-test- += asm-generic/%

... will exclude headers in asm-generic directory. Unfortunately, the
wildcard character is '%' instead of '*' here because this is evaluated
by $(filter-out ...) whereas header-test-pattern-y is evaluated by
$(wildcard ...). This is a kludge, but seems useful in some places...

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Tested-by: Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@intel.com>

Changes in v4: None
Changes in v3: None
Changes in v2:
  - New patch

 Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt | 10 ++++++++++
 scripts/Makefile.lib               | 11 +++++++++++
 2 files changed, 21 insertions(+)

diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt b/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
index 5080fec34609..b817e6cefb77 100644
--- a/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
@@ -1025,6 +1025,16 @@  When kbuild executes, the following steps are followed (roughly):
 	i.e. compilable as standalone units. If CONFIG_HEADER_TEST is enabled,
 	this builds them as part of extra-y.
+    header-test-pattern-y
+	This works as a weaker version of header-test-y, and accepts wildcard
+	patterns. The typical usage is:
+		  header-test-pattern-y += *.h
+	This specifies all the files that matches to '*.h' in the current
+	directory, but the files in 'header-test-' are excluded.
 --- 6.7 Commands useful for building a boot image
 	Kbuild provides a few macros that are useful when building a
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
index 55ae1ec65342..281864fcf0fe 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
@@ -67,6 +67,17 @@  extra-$(CONFIG_OF_ALL_DTBS) += $(patsubst %.dtb,%.dt.yaml, $(dtb-))
 # Test self-contained headers
+# Wildcard searches in $(srctree)/$(src)/, but not in $(objtree)/$(obj)/.
+# Stale generated headers are often left over, so pattern matching should
+# be avoided. Please notice $(srctree)/$(src)/ and $(objtree)/$(obj) point
+# to the same location for in-tree building. So, header-test-pattern-y should
+# be used with care.
+header-test-y	+= $(filter-out $(header-test-), \
+		$(patsubst $(srctree)/$(src)/%, %, \
+		$(wildcard $(addprefix $(srctree)/$(src)/, \
+		$(header-test-pattern-y)))))
 extra-$(CONFIG_HEADER_TEST) += $(addsuffix .s, $(header-test-y))
 # Add subdir path