[3/6] Teach shrink_dcache_parent() to cope with mixed-filesystem shrink lists
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Message ID 20190706002236.26113-3-viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk
State New
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Series
  • [1/6] __detach_mounts(): lookup_mountpoint() can't return ERR_PTR() anymore
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Commit Message

Al Viro July 6, 2019, 12:22 a.m. UTC
From: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

Currently, running into a shrink list that contains dentries from different
filesystems can cause several unpleasant things for shrink_dcache_parent()
and for umount(2).

The first problem is that there's a window during shrink_dentry_list() between
__dentry_kill() takes a victim out and dropping reference to its parent.  During
that window the parent looks like a genuine busy dentry.  shrink_dcache_parent()
(or, worse yet, shrink_dcache_for_umount()) coming at that time will see no
eviction candidates and no indication that it needs to wait for some
shrink_dentry_list() to proceed further.

That applies for any shrink list that might intersect with the subtree we are
trying to shrink; the only reason it does not blow on umount(2) in the mainline
is that we unregister the memory shrinker before hitting shrink_dcache_for_umount().

Another problem happens if something in a mixed-filesystem shrink list gets
be stuck in e.g. iput(), getting umount of unrelated fs to spin waiting for
the stuck shrinker to get around to our dentries.

Solution:
        1) have shrink_dentry_list() decrement the parent's refcount and
make sure it's on a shrink list (ours unless it already had been on some
other) before calling __dentry_kill().  That eliminates the window when
shrink_dcache_parent() would've blown past the entire subtree without
noticing anything with zero refcount not on shrink lists.
	2) when shrink_dcache_parent() has found no eviction candidates,
but some dentries are still sitting on shrink lists, rather than
repeating the scan in hope that shrinkers have progressed, scan looking
for something on shrink lists with zero refcount.  If such a thing is
found, grab rcu_read_lock() and stop the scan, with caller locking
it for eviction, dropping out of RCU and doing __dentry_kill(), with
the same treatment for parent as shrink_dentry_list() would do.

Note that right now mixed-filesystem shrink lists do not occur, so this
is not a mainline bug.  Howevere, there's a bunch of uses for such
beasts (e.g. the "try and evict everything we can out of given page"
patches; there are potential uses in mount-related code, considerably
simplifying the life in fs/namespace.c, etc.)

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
---
 fs/dcache.c   | 98 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 fs/internal.h |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index c435398f2c81..d8732cf2e302 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -861,6 +861,32 @@  void dput(struct dentry *dentry)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(dput);
 
+static void __dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list)
+__must_hold(&dentry->d_lock)
+{
+	if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) {
+		/* let the owner of the list it's on deal with it */
+		--dentry->d_lockref.count;
+	} else {
+		if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST)
+			d_lru_del(dentry);
+		if (!--dentry->d_lockref.count)
+			d_shrink_add(dentry, list);
+	}
+}
+
+void dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list)
+{
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
+		return;
+	}
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+	if (!retain_dentry(dentry))
+		__dput_to_list(dentry, list);
+	spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+}
 
 /* This must be called with d_lock held */
 static inline void __dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
@@ -1067,7 +1093,7 @@  static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
 	return false;
 }
 
-static void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list)
+void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list)
 {
 	while (!list_empty(list)) {
 		struct dentry *dentry, *parent;
@@ -1089,18 +1115,9 @@  static void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list)
 		rcu_read_unlock();
 		d_shrink_del(dentry);
 		parent = dentry->d_parent;
+		if (parent != dentry)
+			__dput_to_list(parent, list);
 		__dentry_kill(dentry);
-		if (parent == dentry)
-			continue;
-		/*
-		 * We need to prune ancestors too. This is necessary to prevent
-		 * quadratic behavior of shrink_dcache_parent(), but is also
-		 * expected to be beneficial in reducing dentry cache
-		 * fragmentation.
-		 */
-		dentry = parent;
-		while (dentry && !lockref_put_or_lock(&dentry->d_lockref))
-			dentry = dentry_kill(dentry);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -1445,8 +1462,11 @@  int d_set_mounted(struct dentry *dentry)
 
 struct select_data {
 	struct dentry *start;
+	union {
+		long found;
+		struct dentry *victim;
+	};
 	struct list_head dispose;
-	int found;
 };
 
 static enum d_walk_ret select_collect(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry)
@@ -1478,6 +1498,37 @@  static enum d_walk_ret select_collect(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static enum d_walk_ret select_collect2(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+	struct select_data *data = _data;
+	enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE;
+
+	if (data->start == dentry)
+		goto out;
+
+	if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) {
+		if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) {
+			rcu_read_lock();
+			data->victim = dentry;
+			return D_WALK_QUIT;
+		}
+	} else {
+		if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST)
+			d_lru_del(dentry);
+		if (!dentry->d_lockref.count)
+			d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose);
+	}
+	/*
+	 * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this
+	 * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find
+	 * the rest.
+	 */
+	if (!list_empty(&data->dispose))
+		ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY;
+out:
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /**
  * shrink_dcache_parent - prune dcache
  * @parent: parent of entries to prune
@@ -1487,12 +1538,9 @@  static enum d_walk_ret select_collect(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry)
 void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *parent)
 {
 	for (;;) {
-		struct select_data data;
+		struct select_data data = {.start = parent};
 
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&data.dispose);
-		data.start = parent;
-		data.found = 0;
-
 		d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect);
 
 		if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) {
@@ -1503,6 +1551,22 @@  void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *parent)
 		cond_resched();
 		if (!data.found)
 			break;
+		data.victim = NULL;
+		d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect2);
+		if (data.victim) {
+			struct dentry *parent;
+			if (!shrink_lock_dentry(data.victim)) {
+				rcu_read_unlock();
+			} else {
+				rcu_read_unlock();
+				parent = data.victim->d_parent;
+				if (parent != data.victim)
+					__dput_to_list(parent, &data.dispose);
+				__dentry_kill(data.victim);
+			}
+		}
+		if (!list_empty(&data.dispose))
+			shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose);
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_parent);
diff --git a/fs/internal.h b/fs/internal.h
index a48ef81be37d..dc317abe31b5 100644
--- a/fs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/internal.h
@@ -156,6 +156,8 @@  extern int d_set_mounted(struct dentry *dentry);
 extern long prune_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb, struct shrink_control *sc);
 extern struct dentry *d_alloc_cursor(struct dentry *);
 extern struct dentry * d_alloc_pseudo(struct super_block *, const struct qstr *);
+extern void dput_to_list(struct dentry *, struct list_head *);
+extern void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *);
 
 /*
  * read_write.c