[7/8] fscrypt: wire up fscrypt to use blk-crypto
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190710225609.192252-8-satyat@google.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Inline Encryption Support
Related show

Commit Message

Satya Tangirala July 10, 2019, 10:56 p.m. UTC
Introduce fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx for filesystems to call to set up
encryption contexts in bios, and fscrypt_evict_crypt_key to evict
the encryption context associated with an inode.

Inline encryption is controlled by a policy flag in the fscrypt_info
in the inode, and filesystems may check if an inode should use inline
encryption by calling fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted. Files can be marked
as inline encrypted from userspace by appropriately modifying the flags
(OR-ing FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_ENCRYPTION to it) in the fscrypt_policy
passed to fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy.

To test inline encryption with the fscrypt dummy context, add
ctx.flags |= FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_ENCRYPTION
when setting up the dummy context in fs/crypto/keyinfo.c.

Note that blk-crypto will fall back to software en/decryption in the
absence of inline crypto hardware, so setting up the ctx.flags in the
dummy context without inline crypto hardware serves as a test for
the software fallback in blk-crypto.

Signed-off-by: Satya Tangirala <satyat@google.com>
---
 fs/crypto/Kconfig           |   6 ++
 fs/crypto/bio.c             | 138 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 fs/crypto/crypto.c          |   4 ++
 fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h |  11 +++
 fs/crypto/keyinfo.c         |  94 +++++++++++++++++-------
 fs/crypto/policy.c          |  10 +++
 include/linux/fscrypt.h     |  62 ++++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/fs.h     |   3 +-
 8 files changed, 285 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

Comments

Eric Biggers July 12, 2019, 7:27 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi Satya,

On Wed, Jul 10, 2019 at 03:56:08PM -0700, Satya Tangirala wrote:
> Introduce fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx for filesystems to call to set up
> encryption contexts in bios, and fscrypt_evict_crypt_key to evict
> the encryption context associated with an inode.
> 
> Inline encryption is controlled by a policy flag in the fscrypt_info
> in the inode, and filesystems may check if an inode should use inline
> encryption by calling fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted. Files can be marked
> as inline encrypted from userspace by appropriately modifying the flags
> (OR-ing FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_ENCRYPTION to it) in the fscrypt_policy
> passed to fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy.
> 
> To test inline encryption with the fscrypt dummy context, add
> ctx.flags |= FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_ENCRYPTION
> when setting up the dummy context in fs/crypto/keyinfo.c.
> 
> Note that blk-crypto will fall back to software en/decryption in the
> absence of inline crypto hardware, so setting up the ctx.flags in the
> dummy context without inline crypto hardware serves as a test for
> the software fallback in blk-crypto.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Satya Tangirala <satyat@google.com>

Thanks for the new patches.  I implemented a ciphertext verification test for
this new encryption policy flag, using the framework for ciphertext verification
tests I added to xfstests a few months ago.  You can get it from here:
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiggers/xfstests-dev.git/log/?h=inline-encryption
If you build a kvm-xfstests test appliance from that branch, the test can be run
with 'kvm-xfstests -c f2fs generic/700'.

Or better: run 'kvm-xfstests -c ext4,f2fs -g encrypt' to run all fscrypt tests
on ext4 and f2fs, including that one.  I recommend adding that to the testing
you do, if you haven't already.  Note that this is separate from running
xfstests with the "fscrypt dummy context" as you mention in the commit message;
see the new documentation at
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/Documentation/filesystems/fscrypt.rst#n653

I found a bug.  The test passes when CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT=y, but
fails when CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT=n, rather than being skipped.  This
is because the kernel incorrectly ignores the policy flag in the latter case and
produces the wrong ciphertext, rather than rejecting it in
FS_IOC_SET_ENCRYPTION_POLICY.  So that needs to be fixed.

> diff --git a/fs/crypto/crypto.c b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
> index 335a362ee446..58a01889fac7 100644
> --- a/fs/crypto/crypto.c
> +++ b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
> @@ -302,6 +302,10 @@ int fscrypt_decrypt_page(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page,
>  	if (!(inode->i_sb->s_cop->flags & FS_CFLG_OWN_PAGES))
>  		BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
>  
> +	/* If we have HW encryption, then this page is already decrypted */
> +	if (fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode))
> +		return 0;
> +
>  	return fscrypt_do_page_crypto(inode, FS_DECRYPT, lblk_num, page, page,
>  				      len, offs, GFP_NOFS);
>  }

As I mentioned on v2, the purpose of this function is to decrypt the page.  The
filesystem also has to allocate a decryption context and schedule a workqueue
item specifically to call this -- only for it to be a no-op in this new case
this patch adds.  I think the more logical approach would be for the filesystem
to not call this at all if the inode is using inline encryption instead.

> +#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT
> +bool fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(const struct inode *inode)
> +{
> +	struct fscrypt_info *ci;
> +
> +	if (!inode)
> +		return false;
> +	ci = inode->i_crypt_info;
> +
> +	return ci && flags_inline_crypted(ci->ci_flags, inode);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted);

What does it mean for the inode to be NULL here?

This also returns false whenever the inode's encryption key hasn't been set up,
even though the inode may use an encryption policy with the inline encryption
optimized flag set.  Why?  Also, because ->i_crypt_info is set locklessly, if
it's being dereferenced conditionally it needs to be loaded with READ_ONCE().

So I'm confused about exactly what this is trying to do, and the lack of a
kerneldoc comment doesn't help :-(

But AFAICS, this is only called if the encryption key is available.
So I think the following would be better:

bool fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(const struct inode *inode)
{
	return flags_inline_crypted(inode->i_crypt_info->ci_flags, inode);
}

... or if it's also expected to handle unencrypted inodes,

bool fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(const struct inode *inode)
{
	return IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) &&
	       flags_inline_crypted(inode->i_crypt_info->ci_flags, inode);
}

The problem with trying to be "safe" and check for NULL ->i_crypt_info is that
the fallback behavior this patch implements is to silently do the encryption
incorrectly.  I don't think that's a good idea.  If someone is incorrectly
calling this on an inode that hasn't had its key loaded yet, I'd much rather be
notified of the bug immediately and fix it.

> +
> +bool fscrypt_needs_fs_layer_crypto(const struct inode *inode)
> +{
> +	return IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) &&
> +	       !fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_needs_fs_layer_crypto);

Can you please add a kerneldoc comment for all new functions in fs/crypto/ that
are exported to filesystems?

> +	/*
> +	 * TODO: expose inline encryption via some toggleable knob
> +	 * instead of as a policy?
> +	 */
> +	if (!inode->i_sb->s_cop->inline_crypt_supp &&
> +	    (policy->flags & FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_CRYPT))
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +

This TODO doesn't make sense; the policy flag is fine.

I think the name of the flag is still confusing things.  It's not enabling
inline encryption per se (that's an implementation detail), but rather an
on-disk format that's better suited for inline encryption.

How about renaming the flag to FS_POLICY_FLAG_INLINECRYPT_OPTIMIZED, like I
suggested on v2?

- Eric

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/crypto/Kconfig b/fs/crypto/Kconfig
index 24ed99e2eca0..738368394a32 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/crypto/Kconfig
@@ -15,3 +15,9 @@  config FS_ENCRYPTION
 	  efficient since it avoids caching the encrypted and
 	  decrypted pages in the page cache.  Currently Ext4,
 	  F2FS and UBIFS make use of this feature.
+
+config FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT
+	bool "Enable fscrypt to use inline crypto"
+	depends on FS_ENCRYPTION && BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION
+	help
+	  Enables fscrypt to use inline crypto hardware if available.
diff --git a/fs/crypto/bio.c b/fs/crypto/bio.c
index b46021ebde85..0e16189e1679 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/bio.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/bio.c
@@ -24,6 +24,9 @@ 
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/bio.h>
 #include <linux/namei.h>
+#include <linux/keyslot-manager.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <crypto/algapi.h>
 #include "fscrypt_private.h"
 
 static void __fscrypt_decrypt_bio(struct bio *bio, bool done)
@@ -34,7 +37,7 @@  static void __fscrypt_decrypt_bio(struct bio *bio, bool done)
 	bio_for_each_segment_all(bv, bio, iter_all) {
 		struct page *page = bv->bv_page;
 		int ret = fscrypt_decrypt_page(page->mapping->host, page,
-				PAGE_SIZE, 0, page->index);
+					       PAGE_SIZE, 0, page->index);
 
 		if (ret)
 			SetPageError(page);
@@ -94,29 +97,33 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_pullback_bio_page);
 int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk,
 				sector_t pblk, unsigned int len)
 {
-	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx;
+	struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx = NULL;
 	struct page *ciphertext_page = NULL;
 	struct bio *bio;
 	int ret, err = 0;
 
 	BUG_ON(inode->i_sb->s_blocksize != PAGE_SIZE);
 
-	ctx = fscrypt_get_ctx(GFP_NOFS);
-	if (IS_ERR(ctx))
-		return PTR_ERR(ctx);
+	if (!fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode)) {
+		ctx = fscrypt_get_ctx(GFP_NOFS);
+		if (IS_ERR(ctx))
+			return PTR_ERR(ctx);
 
-	ciphertext_page = fscrypt_alloc_bounce_page(ctx, GFP_NOWAIT);
-	if (IS_ERR(ciphertext_page)) {
-		err = PTR_ERR(ciphertext_page);
-		goto errout;
+		ciphertext_page = fscrypt_alloc_bounce_page(ctx, GFP_NOWAIT);
+		if (IS_ERR(ciphertext_page)) {
+			err = PTR_ERR(ciphertext_page);
+			goto errout;
+		}
 	}
 
 	while (len--) {
-		err = fscrypt_do_page_crypto(inode, FS_ENCRYPT, lblk,
+		if (!fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode)) {
+			err = fscrypt_do_page_crypto(inode, FS_ENCRYPT, lblk,
 					     ZERO_PAGE(0), ciphertext_page,
 					     PAGE_SIZE, 0, GFP_NOFS);
-		if (err)
-			goto errout;
+			if (err)
+				goto errout;
+		}
 
 		bio = bio_alloc(GFP_NOWAIT, 1);
 		if (!bio) {
@@ -127,8 +134,14 @@  int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk,
 		bio->bi_iter.bi_sector =
 			pblk << (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9);
 		bio_set_op_attrs(bio, REQ_OP_WRITE, 0);
-		ret = bio_add_page(bio, ciphertext_page,
-					inode->i_sb->s_blocksize, 0);
+		if (!fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode)) {
+			ret = bio_add_page(bio, ciphertext_page,
+						inode->i_sb->s_blocksize, 0);
+		} else {
+			ret = bio_add_page(bio, ZERO_PAGE(0),
+						inode->i_sb->s_blocksize, 0);
+		}
+
 		if (ret != inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) {
 			/* should never happen! */
 			WARN_ON(1);
@@ -136,9 +149,12 @@  int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk,
 			err = -EIO;
 			goto errout;
 		}
-		err = submit_bio_wait(bio);
-		if (err == 0 && bio->bi_status)
-			err = -EIO;
+		err = fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(inode, bio, pblk);
+		if (!err) {
+			err = submit_bio_wait(bio);
+			if (err == 0 && bio->bi_status)
+				err = -EIO;
+		}
 		bio_put(bio);
 		if (err)
 			goto errout;
@@ -147,7 +163,93 @@  int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk,
 	}
 	err = 0;
 errout:
-	fscrypt_release_ctx(ctx);
+	if (!fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode))
+		fscrypt_release_ctx(ctx);
 	return err;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_zeroout_range);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT
+static enum blk_crypt_mode_num
+get_blk_crypto_alg_for_fscryptalg(u8 fscrypt_alg)
+{
+	switch (fscrypt_alg) {
+	case FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS:
+		return BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS;
+	default: return -EINVAL;
+	}
+}
+
+int fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(const struct inode *inode,
+				 struct bio *bio, u64 data_unit_num)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_info *ci = inode->i_crypt_info;
+
+	/* If inode is not inline encrypted, nothing to do. */
+	if (!fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode))
+		return 0;
+
+	return bio_crypt_set_ctx(bio, ci->ci_master_key->mk_raw,
+			get_blk_crypto_alg_for_fscryptalg(ci->ci_data_mode),
+			data_unit_num,
+			inode->i_blkbits);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx);
+
+void fscrypt_unset_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	bio_crypt_free_ctx(bio);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_unset_bio_crypt_ctx);
+
+int fscrypt_evict_crypt_key(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	struct request_queue *q;
+	struct fscrypt_info *ci;
+
+	if (!inode)
+		return 0;
+
+	q = inode->i_sb->s_bdev->bd_queue;
+	ci = inode->i_crypt_info;
+
+	if (!q || !q->ksm || !ci ||
+	    !fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode)) {
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	return keyslot_manager_evict_key(q->ksm,
+					 ci->ci_master_key->mk_raw,
+					 get_blk_crypto_alg_for_fscryptalg(
+						ci->ci_data_mode),
+					 1 << inode->i_blkbits);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_evict_crypt_key);
+
+bool fscrypt_inode_crypt_mergeable(const struct inode *inode_1,
+				   const struct inode *inode_2)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_info *ci_1, *ci_2;
+	bool enc_1 = fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode_1);
+	bool enc_2 = fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode_2);
+
+	if (enc_1 != enc_2)
+		return false;
+
+	if (!enc_1)
+		return true;
+
+	if (inode_1 == inode_2)
+		return true;
+
+	ci_1 = inode_1->i_crypt_info;
+	ci_2 = inode_2->i_crypt_info;
+
+	return ci_1->ci_data_mode == ci_2->ci_data_mode &&
+	       crypto_memneq(ci_1->ci_master_key->mk_raw,
+			     ci_2->ci_master_key->mk_raw,
+			     ci_1->ci_master_key->mk_mode->keysize) == 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_inode_crypt_mergeable);
+
+#endif /* FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */
diff --git a/fs/crypto/crypto.c b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
index 335a362ee446..58a01889fac7 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/crypto.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
@@ -302,6 +302,10 @@  int fscrypt_decrypt_page(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page,
 	if (!(inode->i_sb->s_cop->flags & FS_CFLG_OWN_PAGES))
 		BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
 
+	/* If we have HW encryption, then this page is already decrypted */
+	if (fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode))
+		return 0;
+
 	return fscrypt_do_page_crypto(inode, FS_DECRYPT, lblk_num, page, page,
 				      len, offs, GFP_NOFS);
 }
diff --git a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
index 7da276159593..67a8ca058996 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
+++ b/fs/crypto/fscrypt_private.h
@@ -49,6 +49,17 @@  struct fscrypt_symlink_data {
 	char encrypted_path[1];
 } __packed;
 
+/* Master key referenced by FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY policy */
+struct fscrypt_master_key {
+	struct hlist_node mk_node;
+	refcount_t mk_refcount;
+	const struct fscrypt_mode *mk_mode;
+	struct crypto_skcipher *mk_ctfm;
+	u8 mk_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
+	u8 mk_raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
+	struct super_block *mk_sb;
+};
+
 /*
  * fscrypt_info - the "encryption key" for an inode
  *
diff --git a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
index dcd91a3fbe49..3a3b27b99706 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/keyinfo.c
@@ -25,6 +25,21 @@  static struct crypto_shash *essiv_hash_tfm;
 static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(fscrypt_master_keys, 6); /* 6 bits = 64 buckets */
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT
+static inline bool flags_inline_crypted(u8 flags,
+					const struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return inode && (flags & FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_CRYPT) &&
+	       S_ISREG(inode->i_mode);
+}
+#else
+static inline bool flags_inline_crypted(u8 flags,
+					const struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */
+
 /*
  * Key derivation function.  This generates the derived key by encrypting the
  * master key with AES-128-ECB using the inode's nonce as the AES key.
@@ -220,6 +235,9 @@  static int find_and_derive_key(const struct inode *inode,
 			memcpy(derived_key, payload->raw, mode->keysize);
 			err = 0;
 		}
+	} else if (flags_inline_crypted(ctx->flags, inode)) {
+		memcpy(derived_key, payload->raw, mode->keysize);
+		err = 0;
 	} else {
 		err = derive_key_aes(payload->raw, ctx, derived_key,
 				     mode->keysize);
@@ -269,16 +287,6 @@  allocate_skcipher_for_mode(struct fscrypt_mode *mode, const u8 *raw_key,
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
 }
 
-/* Master key referenced by FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY policy */
-struct fscrypt_master_key {
-	struct hlist_node mk_node;
-	refcount_t mk_refcount;
-	const struct fscrypt_mode *mk_mode;
-	struct crypto_skcipher *mk_ctfm;
-	u8 mk_descriptor[FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE];
-	u8 mk_raw[FS_MAX_KEY_SIZE];
-};
-
 static void free_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
 {
 	if (mk) {
@@ -287,13 +295,15 @@  static void free_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
 	}
 }
 
-static void put_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
+static void put_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk,
+			   struct inode *inode)
 {
 	if (!refcount_dec_and_lock(&mk->mk_refcount, &fscrypt_master_keys_lock))
 		return;
 	hash_del(&mk->mk_node);
 	spin_unlock(&fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
 
+	fscrypt_evict_crypt_key(inode);
 	free_master_key(mk);
 }
 
@@ -306,7 +316,9 @@  static void put_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *mk)
 static struct fscrypt_master_key *
 find_or_insert_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *to_insert,
 			  const u8 *raw_key, const struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
-			  const struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+			  const struct fscrypt_info *ci,
+			  bool should_have_ctfm,
+			  struct super_block *sb)
 {
 	unsigned long hash_key;
 	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
@@ -329,6 +341,10 @@  find_or_insert_master_key(struct fscrypt_master_key *to_insert,
 			continue;
 		if (crypto_memneq(raw_key, mk->mk_raw, mode->keysize))
 			continue;
+		if (should_have_ctfm != (bool)mk->mk_ctfm)
+			continue;
+		if (sb != mk->mk_sb)
+			continue;
 		/* using existing tfm with same (descriptor, mode, raw_key) */
 		refcount_inc(&mk->mk_refcount);
 		spin_unlock(&fscrypt_master_keys_lock);
@@ -348,9 +364,11 @@  fscrypt_get_master_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 {
 	struct fscrypt_master_key *mk;
 	int err;
+	bool inline_crypted = flags_inline_crypted(ci->ci_flags, inode);
 
 	/* Is there already a tfm for this key? */
-	mk = find_or_insert_master_key(NULL, raw_key, mode, ci);
+	mk = find_or_insert_master_key(NULL, raw_key, mode, ci, !inline_crypted,
+				       inode->i_sb);
 	if (mk)
 		return mk;
 
@@ -360,17 +378,21 @@  fscrypt_get_master_key(const struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct fscrypt_mode *mode,
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	refcount_set(&mk->mk_refcount, 1);
 	mk->mk_mode = mode;
-	mk->mk_ctfm = allocate_skcipher_for_mode(mode, raw_key, inode);
-	if (IS_ERR(mk->mk_ctfm)) {
-		err = PTR_ERR(mk->mk_ctfm);
-		mk->mk_ctfm = NULL;
-		goto err_free_mk;
+	if (!inline_crypted) {
+		mk->mk_ctfm = allocate_skcipher_for_mode(mode, raw_key, inode);
+		if (IS_ERR(mk->mk_ctfm)) {
+			err = PTR_ERR(mk->mk_ctfm);
+			mk->mk_ctfm = NULL;
+			goto err_free_mk;
+		}
 	}
 	memcpy(mk->mk_descriptor, ci->ci_master_key_descriptor,
 	       FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 	memcpy(mk->mk_raw, raw_key, mode->keysize);
+	mk->mk_sb = inode->i_sb;
 
-	return find_or_insert_master_key(mk, raw_key, mode, ci);
+	return find_or_insert_master_key(mk, raw_key, mode, ci, !inline_crypted,
+					 inode->i_sb);
 
 err_free_mk:
 	free_master_key(mk);
@@ -456,7 +478,8 @@  static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	struct crypto_skcipher *ctfm;
 	int err;
 
-	if (ci->ci_flags & FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) {
+	if ((ci->ci_flags & FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY) ||
+	    flags_inline_crypted(ci->ci_flags, inode)) {
 		mk = fscrypt_get_master_key(ci, mode, raw_key, inode);
 		if (IS_ERR(mk))
 			return PTR_ERR(mk);
@@ -486,13 +509,13 @@  static int setup_crypto_transform(struct fscrypt_info *ci,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci)
+static void put_crypt_info(struct fscrypt_info *ci, struct inode *inode)
 {
 	if (!ci)
 		return;
 
 	if (ci->ci_master_key) {
-		put_master_key(ci->ci_master_key);
+		put_master_key(ci->ci_master_key, inode);
 	} else {
 		crypto_free_skcipher(ci->ci_ctfm);
 		crypto_free_cipher(ci->ci_essiv_tfm);
@@ -577,7 +600,7 @@  int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 out:
 	if (res == -ENOKEY)
 		res = 0;
-	put_crypt_info(crypt_info);
+	put_crypt_info(crypt_info, NULL);
 	kzfree(raw_key);
 	return res;
 }
@@ -591,7 +614,7 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_get_encryption_info);
  */
 void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *inode)
 {
-	put_crypt_info(inode->i_crypt_info);
+	put_crypt_info(inode->i_crypt_info, inode);
 	inode->i_crypt_info = NULL;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_put_encryption_info);
@@ -610,3 +633,26 @@  void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_free_inode);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT
+bool fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(const struct inode *inode)
+{
+	struct fscrypt_info *ci;
+
+	if (!inode)
+		return false;
+	ci = inode->i_crypt_info;
+
+	return ci && flags_inline_crypted(ci->ci_flags, inode);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */
+
+bool fscrypt_needs_fs_layer_crypto(const struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) &&
+	       !fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(inode);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_needs_fs_layer_crypto);
+
diff --git a/fs/crypto/policy.c b/fs/crypto/policy.c
index d536889ac31b..7bcf5cc0d20d 100644
--- a/fs/crypto/policy.c
+++ b/fs/crypto/policy.c
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@  static int create_encryption_context_from_policy(struct inode *inode,
 	struct fscrypt_context ctx;
 
 	ctx.format = FS_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT_FORMAT_V1;
+
 	memcpy(ctx.master_key_descriptor, policy->master_key_descriptor,
 					FS_KEY_DESCRIPTOR_SIZE);
 
@@ -46,8 +47,17 @@  static int create_encryption_context_from_policy(struct inode *inode,
 	if (policy->flags & ~FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	/*
+	 * TODO: expose inline encryption via some toggleable knob
+	 * instead of as a policy?
+	 */
+	if (!inode->i_sb->s_cop->inline_crypt_supp &&
+	    (policy->flags & FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_CRYPT))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	ctx.contents_encryption_mode = policy->contents_encryption_mode;
 	ctx.filenames_encryption_mode = policy->filenames_encryption_mode;
+
 	ctx.flags = policy->flags;
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ctx.nonce) != FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
 	get_random_bytes(ctx.nonce, FS_KEY_DERIVATION_NONCE_SIZE);
diff --git a/include/linux/fscrypt.h b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
index f7680ef1abd2..ea205aa8a24a 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscrypt.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscrypt.h
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@  struct fscrypt_operations {
 	bool (*dummy_context)(struct inode *);
 	bool (*empty_dir)(struct inode *);
 	unsigned int max_namelen;
+	bool inline_crypt_supp;
 };
 
 struct fscrypt_ctx {
@@ -129,6 +130,23 @@  extern int fscrypt_inherit_context(struct inode *, struct inode *,
 extern int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *);
 extern void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *);
 extern void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *);
+extern bool fscrypt_needs_fs_layer_crypto(const struct inode *inode);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT
+extern bool fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(const struct inode *inode);
+extern bool fscrypt_inode_crypt_mergeable(const struct inode *inode_1,
+					  const struct inode *inode_2);
+#else
+static inline bool fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(const struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+static inline bool fscrypt_inode_crypt_mergeable(const struct inode *inode_1,
+						 const struct inode *inode_2)
+{
+	return true;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */
 
 /* fname.c */
 extern int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *, const struct qstr *,
@@ -226,6 +244,25 @@  extern void fscrypt_enqueue_decrypt_bio(struct fscrypt_ctx *ctx,
 extern void fscrypt_pullback_bio_page(struct page **, bool);
 extern int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *, pgoff_t, sector_t,
 				 unsigned int);
+#ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT
+extern int fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(const struct inode *inode,
+				     struct bio *bio, u64 data_unit_num);
+extern void fscrypt_unset_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio);
+extern int fscrypt_evict_crypt_key(struct inode *inode);
+#else
+static inline int fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(const struct inode *inode,
+					    struct bio *bio, u64 data_unit_num)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void fscrypt_unset_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio) { }
+
+static inline int fscrypt_evict_crypt_key(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+#endif
 
 /* hooks.c */
 extern int fscrypt_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp);
@@ -351,6 +388,17 @@  static inline void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
 {
 }
 
+static inline bool fscrypt_inode_is_inline_crypted(const struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool fscrypt_inode_crypt_mergeable(const struct inode *inode_1,
+						 const struct inode *inode_2)
+{
+	return true;
+}
+
  /* fname.c */
 static inline int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *dir,
 					 const struct qstr *iname,
@@ -421,6 +469,20 @@  static inline int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk,
 	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 }
 
+static inline int fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(const struct inode *inode,
+					    struct bio *bio,
+					    u64 data_unit_num)
+{
+	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+
+static inline void fscrypt_unset_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio) { }
+
+static inline int fscrypt_evict_crypt_key(struct inode *inode)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /* hooks.c */
 
 static inline int fscrypt_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
index 59c71fa8c553..ec5a9913886c 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
@@ -224,7 +224,8 @@  struct fsxattr {
 #define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_32		0x03
 #define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_PAD_MASK	0x03
 #define FS_POLICY_FLAG_DIRECT_KEY	0x04	/* use master key directly */
-#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x07
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_INLINE_CRYPT	0x08
+#define FS_POLICY_FLAGS_VALID		0x0F
 
 /* Encryption algorithms */
 #define FS_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID		0