[09/10] dmaengine: bcm2835: Avoid accessing memory when copying zeroes
diff mbox series

Message ID a8efa43470bc5092b8727a93c9cf694c80e0c8c4.1564825752.git.lukas@wunner.de
State Accepted
Headers show
Series
  • Raspberry Pi SPI speedups
Related show

Commit Message

Lukas Wunner Aug. 3, 2019, 10:10 a.m. UTC
The BCM2835 DMA controller is capable of synthesizing zeroes instead of
copying them from a source address. The feature is enabled by setting
the SRC_IGNORE bit in the Transfer Information field of a Control Block:

"Do not perform source reads.
 In addition, destination writes will zero all the write strobes.
 This is used for fast cache fill operations."
https://www.raspberrypi.org/app/uploads/2012/02/BCM2835-ARM-Peripherals.pdf

The feature is only available on 8 of the 16 channels. The others are
so-called "lite" channels with a limited feature set and performance.

Enable the feature if a cyclic transaction copies from the zero page.
This reduces traffic on the memory bus.

A forthcoming use case is the BCM2835 SPI driver, which will cyclically
copy from the zero page to the TX FIFO. The idea to use SRC_IGNORE was
taken from an ancient GitHub conversation between Martin and Noralf:
https://github.com/msperl/spi-bcm2835/issues/13#issuecomment-98180451

Tested-by: Nuno Sá <nuno.sa@analog.com>
Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Cc: Martin Sperl <kernel@martin.sperl.org>
Cc: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>
Cc: Florian Kauer <florian.kauer@koalo.de>
---
 drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+)

Comments

Vinod Koul Aug. 8, 2019, 12:31 p.m. UTC | #1
On 03-08-19, 12:10, Lukas Wunner wrote:
> The BCM2835 DMA controller is capable of synthesizing zeroes instead of
> copying them from a source address. The feature is enabled by setting
> the SRC_IGNORE bit in the Transfer Information field of a Control Block:
> 
> "Do not perform source reads.
>  In addition, destination writes will zero all the write strobes.
>  This is used for fast cache fill operations."
> https://www.raspberrypi.org/app/uploads/2012/02/BCM2835-ARM-Peripherals.pdf
> 
> The feature is only available on 8 of the 16 channels. The others are
> so-called "lite" channels with a limited feature set and performance.
> 
> Enable the feature if a cyclic transaction copies from the zero page.
> This reduces traffic on the memory bus.
> 
> A forthcoming use case is the BCM2835 SPI driver, which will cyclically
> copy from the zero page to the TX FIFO. The idea to use SRC_IGNORE was
> taken from an ancient GitHub conversation between Martin and Noralf:
> https://github.com/msperl/spi-bcm2835/issues/13#issuecomment-98180451

Acked-by: Vinod Koul <vkoul@kernel.org>

> 
> Tested-by: Nuno Sá <nuno.sa@analog.com>
> Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
> Cc: Martin Sperl <kernel@martin.sperl.org>
> Cc: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>
> Cc: Florian Kauer <florian.kauer@koalo.de>
> ---
>  drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 19 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c b/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
> index 14358faf3bff..67100e4e1083 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
> +++ b/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
> @@ -42,11 +42,14 @@
>   * @ddev: DMA device
>   * @base: base address of register map
>   * @dma_parms: DMA parameters (to convey 1 GByte max segment size to clients)
> + * @zero_page: bus address of zero page (to detect transactions copying from
> + *	zero page and avoid accessing memory if so)
>   */
>  struct bcm2835_dmadev {
>  	struct dma_device ddev;
>  	void __iomem *base;
>  	struct device_dma_parameters dma_parms;
> +	dma_addr_t zero_page;
>  };
>  
>  struct bcm2835_dma_cb {
> @@ -693,6 +696,7 @@ static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *bcm2835_dma_prep_dma_cyclic(
>  	size_t period_len, enum dma_transfer_direction direction,
>  	unsigned long flags)
>  {
> +	struct bcm2835_dmadev *od = to_bcm2835_dma_dev(chan->device);
>  	struct bcm2835_chan *c = to_bcm2835_dma_chan(chan);
>  	struct bcm2835_desc *d;
>  	dma_addr_t src, dst;
> @@ -743,6 +747,10 @@ static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *bcm2835_dma_prep_dma_cyclic(
>  		dst = c->cfg.dst_addr;
>  		src = buf_addr;
>  		info |= BCM2835_DMA_D_DREQ | BCM2835_DMA_S_INC;
> +
> +		/* non-lite channels can write zeroes w/o accessing memory */
> +		if (buf_addr == od->zero_page && !c->is_lite_channel)
> +			info |= BCM2835_DMA_S_IGNORE;
>  	}
>  
>  	/* calculate number of frames */
> @@ -845,6 +853,9 @@ static void bcm2835_dma_free(struct bcm2835_dmadev *od)
>  		list_del(&c->vc.chan.device_node);
>  		tasklet_kill(&c->vc.task);
>  	}
> +
> +	dma_unmap_page_attrs(od->ddev.dev, od->zero_page, PAGE_SIZE,
> +			     DMA_TO_DEVICE, DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC);
>  }
>  
>  static const struct of_device_id bcm2835_dma_of_match[] = {
> @@ -927,6 +938,14 @@ static int bcm2835_dma_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>  
>  	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, od);
>  
> +	od->zero_page = dma_map_page_attrs(od->ddev.dev, ZERO_PAGE(0), 0,
> +					   PAGE_SIZE, DMA_TO_DEVICE,
> +					   DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC);
> +	if (dma_mapping_error(od->ddev.dev, od->zero_page)) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to map zero page\n");
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +
>  	/* Request DMA channel mask from device tree */
>  	if (of_property_read_u32(pdev->dev.of_node,
>  			"brcm,dma-channel-mask",
> -- 
> 2.20.1

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c b/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
index 14358faf3bff..67100e4e1083 100644
--- a/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
+++ b/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
@@ -42,11 +42,14 @@ 
  * @ddev: DMA device
  * @base: base address of register map
  * @dma_parms: DMA parameters (to convey 1 GByte max segment size to clients)
+ * @zero_page: bus address of zero page (to detect transactions copying from
+ *	zero page and avoid accessing memory if so)
  */
 struct bcm2835_dmadev {
 	struct dma_device ddev;
 	void __iomem *base;
 	struct device_dma_parameters dma_parms;
+	dma_addr_t zero_page;
 };
 
 struct bcm2835_dma_cb {
@@ -693,6 +696,7 @@  static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *bcm2835_dma_prep_dma_cyclic(
 	size_t period_len, enum dma_transfer_direction direction,
 	unsigned long flags)
 {
+	struct bcm2835_dmadev *od = to_bcm2835_dma_dev(chan->device);
 	struct bcm2835_chan *c = to_bcm2835_dma_chan(chan);
 	struct bcm2835_desc *d;
 	dma_addr_t src, dst;
@@ -743,6 +747,10 @@  static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *bcm2835_dma_prep_dma_cyclic(
 		dst = c->cfg.dst_addr;
 		src = buf_addr;
 		info |= BCM2835_DMA_D_DREQ | BCM2835_DMA_S_INC;
+
+		/* non-lite channels can write zeroes w/o accessing memory */
+		if (buf_addr == od->zero_page && !c->is_lite_channel)
+			info |= BCM2835_DMA_S_IGNORE;
 	}
 
 	/* calculate number of frames */
@@ -845,6 +853,9 @@  static void bcm2835_dma_free(struct bcm2835_dmadev *od)
 		list_del(&c->vc.chan.device_node);
 		tasklet_kill(&c->vc.task);
 	}
+
+	dma_unmap_page_attrs(od->ddev.dev, od->zero_page, PAGE_SIZE,
+			     DMA_TO_DEVICE, DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC);
 }
 
 static const struct of_device_id bcm2835_dma_of_match[] = {
@@ -927,6 +938,14 @@  static int bcm2835_dma_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 
 	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, od);
 
+	od->zero_page = dma_map_page_attrs(od->ddev.dev, ZERO_PAGE(0), 0,
+					   PAGE_SIZE, DMA_TO_DEVICE,
+					   DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC);
+	if (dma_mapping_error(od->ddev.dev, od->zero_page)) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to map zero page\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
 	/* Request DMA channel mask from device tree */
 	if (of_property_read_u32(pdev->dev.of_node,
 			"brcm,dma-channel-mask",