nvme-pci: Do not prevent PCI bus-level PM from being used
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Message ID 1893355.EP2830DdO9@kreacher
State New
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  • nvme-pci: Do not prevent PCI bus-level PM from being used
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Commit Message

Rafael J. Wysocki Aug. 7, 2019, 9:53 a.m. UTC
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

One of the modifications made by commit d916b1be94b6 ("nvme-pci: use
host managed power state for suspend") was adding a pci_save_state()
call to nvme_suspend() in order to prevent the PCI bus-level PM from
being applied to the suspended NVMe devices, but if ASPM is not
enabled for the target NVMe device, that causes its PCIe link to stay
up and the platform may not be able to get into its optimum low-power
state because of that.

For example, if ASPM is disabled for the NVMe drive (PC401 NVMe SK
hynix 256GB) in my Dell XPS13 9380, leaving it in D0 during
suspend-to-idle prevents the SoC from reaching package idle states
deeper than PC3, which is way insufficient for system suspend.

To address this shortcoming, make nvme_suspend() check if ASPM is
enabled for the target device and fall back to full device shutdown
and PCI bus-level PM if that is not the case.

Fixes: d916b1be94b6 ("nvme-pci: use host managed power state for suspend")
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/2763495.NmdaWeg79L@kreacher/T/#t
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---
 drivers/nvme/host/pci.c |   14 ++++++++++----
 drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c |   17 +++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/pci.h     |    2 ++
 3 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Comments

Rafael J. Wysocki Aug. 7, 2019, 10:14 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wednesday, August 7, 2019 11:53:44 AM CEST Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> 
> One of the modifications made by commit d916b1be94b6 ("nvme-pci: use
> host managed power state for suspend") was adding a pci_save_state()
> call to nvme_suspend() in order to prevent the PCI bus-level PM from
> being applied to the suspended NVMe devices, but if ASPM is not
> enabled for the target NVMe device, that causes its PCIe link to stay
> up and the platform may not be able to get into its optimum low-power
> state because of that.
> 
> For example, if ASPM is disabled for the NVMe drive (PC401 NVMe SK
> hynix 256GB) in my Dell XPS13 9380, leaving it in D0 during
> suspend-to-idle prevents the SoC from reaching package idle states
> deeper than PC3, which is way insufficient for system suspend.
> 
> To address this shortcoming, make nvme_suspend() check if ASPM is
> enabled for the target device and fall back to full device shutdown
> and PCI bus-level PM if that is not the case.
> 
> Fixes: d916b1be94b6 ("nvme-pci: use host managed power state for suspend")
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/2763495.NmdaWeg79L@kreacher/T/#t
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> ---

I should have used a better subject for this patch.

I'll resend it with a changed subject later, but for now I would like to collect
opinions about it (if any).

Cheers!
Christoph Hellwig Aug. 7, 2019, 10:43 a.m. UTC | #2
> +	if (pm_suspend_via_firmware() || !ctrl->npss || !pcie_aspm_enabled(pdev)) {



> +	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
> +	aspm_enabled = bridge->link_state ? bridge->link_state->aspm_enabled : 0;

Please fix the overly long lines..
Keith Busch Aug. 7, 2019, 2:37 p.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, Aug 07, 2019 at 02:53:44AM -0700, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> 
> One of the modifications made by commit d916b1be94b6 ("nvme-pci: use
> host managed power state for suspend") was adding a pci_save_state()
> call to nvme_suspend() in order to prevent the PCI bus-level PM from
> being applied to the suspended NVMe devices, but if ASPM is not
> enabled for the target NVMe device, that causes its PCIe link to stay
> up and the platform may not be able to get into its optimum low-power
> state because of that.
> 
> For example, if ASPM is disabled for the NVMe drive (PC401 NVMe SK
> hynix 256GB) in my Dell XPS13 9380, leaving it in D0 during
> suspend-to-idle prevents the SoC from reaching package idle states
> deeper than PC3, which is way insufficient for system suspend.
> 
> To address this shortcoming, make nvme_suspend() check if ASPM is
> enabled for the target device and fall back to full device shutdown
> and PCI bus-level PM if that is not the case.
> 
> Fixes: d916b1be94b6 ("nvme-pci: use host managed power state for suspend")
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pm/2763495.NmdaWeg79L@kreacher/T/#t
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

Thanks for tracking down the cause. Sounds like your earlier assumption
on ASPM's involvement was spot on.

> +/*
> + * pcie_aspm_enabled - Return the mask of enabled ASPM link states.
> + * @pci_device: Target device.
> + */
> +u32 pcie_aspm_enabled(struct pci_dev *pci_device)
> +{
> +	struct pci_dev *bridge = pci_device->bus->self;

You may want use pci_upstream_bridge() instead, just in case someone
calls this on a virtual function's pci_dev.

> +	u32 aspm_enabled;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
> +	aspm_enabled = bridge->link_state ? bridge->link_state->aspm_enabled : 0;
> +	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
> +
> +	return aspm_enabled;
> +}

Patch
diff mbox series

Index: linux-pm/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
@@ -2846,7 +2846,7 @@  static int nvme_resume(struct device *de
 	struct nvme_dev *ndev = pci_get_drvdata(to_pci_dev(dev));
 	struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl = &ndev->ctrl;
 
-	if (pm_resume_via_firmware() || !ctrl->npss ||
+	if (ndev->last_ps == U32_MAX ||
 	    nvme_set_power_state(ctrl, ndev->last_ps) != 0)
 		nvme_reset_ctrl(ctrl);
 	return 0;
@@ -2859,6 +2859,8 @@  static int nvme_suspend(struct device *d
 	struct nvme_ctrl *ctrl = &ndev->ctrl;
 	int ret = -EBUSY;
 
+	ndev->last_ps = U32_MAX;
+
 	/*
 	 * The platform does not remove power for a kernel managed suspend so
 	 * use host managed nvme power settings for lowest idle power if
@@ -2866,8 +2868,13 @@  static int nvme_suspend(struct device *d
 	 * shutdown.  But if the firmware is involved after the suspend or the
 	 * device does not support any non-default power states, shut down the
 	 * device fully.
+	 *
+	 * If ASPM is not enabled for the device, shut down the device and allow
+	 * the PCI bus layer to put it into D3 in order to take the PCIe link
+	 * down, so as to allow the platform to achieve its minimum low-power
+	 * state (which may not be possible if the link is up).
 	 */
-	if (pm_suspend_via_firmware() || !ctrl->npss) {
+	if (pm_suspend_via_firmware() || !ctrl->npss || !pcie_aspm_enabled(pdev)) {
 		nvme_dev_disable(ndev, true);
 		return 0;
 	}
@@ -2880,9 +2887,8 @@  static int nvme_suspend(struct device *d
 	    ctrl->state != NVME_CTRL_ADMIN_ONLY)
 		goto unfreeze;
 
-	ndev->last_ps = 0;
 	ret = nvme_get_power_state(ctrl, &ndev->last_ps);
-	if (ret < 0)
+	if (ret < 0 || ndev->last_ps == U32_MAX)
 		goto unfreeze;
 
 	ret = nvme_set_power_state(ctrl, ctrl->npss);
Index: linux-pm/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c
@@ -1170,6 +1170,23 @@  static int pcie_aspm_get_policy(char *bu
 module_param_call(policy, pcie_aspm_set_policy, pcie_aspm_get_policy,
 	NULL, 0644);
 
+/*
+ * pcie_aspm_enabled - Return the mask of enabled ASPM link states.
+ * @pci_device: Target device.
+ */
+u32 pcie_aspm_enabled(struct pci_dev *pci_device)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *bridge = pci_device->bus->self;
+	u32 aspm_enabled;
+
+	mutex_lock(&aspm_lock);
+	aspm_enabled = bridge->link_state ? bridge->link_state->aspm_enabled : 0;
+	mutex_unlock(&aspm_lock);
+
+	return aspm_enabled;
+}
+
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM_DEBUG
 static ssize_t link_state_show(struct device *dev,
 		struct device_attribute *attr,
Index: linux-pm/include/linux/pci.h
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/pci.h
+++ linux-pm/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -1567,8 +1567,10 @@  extern bool pcie_ports_native;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM
 bool pcie_aspm_support_enabled(void);
+u32 pcie_aspm_enabled(struct pci_dev *pci_device);
 #else
 static inline bool pcie_aspm_support_enabled(void) { return false; }
+static inline u32 pcie_aspm_enabled(struct pci_dev *pci_device) { return 0; }
 #endif
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER