[RFC,v6,62/92] kvm: introspection: add KVMI_EVENT_HYPERCALL
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Message ID 20190809160047.8319-63-alazar@bitdefender.com
State New
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Series
  • VM introspection
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Commit Message

Adalbert Lazăr Aug. 9, 2019, 4 p.m. UTC
From: Mihai Donțu <mdontu@bitdefender.com>

This event is sent on a specific user hypercall.

It is used by the code residing inside the introspected guest to call the
introspection tool and to report certain details about its operation. For
example, a classic antimalware remediation tool can report what it has
found during a scan.

Signed-off-by: Mihai Donțu <mdontu@bitdefender.com>
Co-developed-by: Adalbert Lazăr <alazar@bitdefender.com>
Signed-off-by: Adalbert Lazăr <alazar@bitdefender.com>
---
 Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt | 34 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
 Documentation/virtual/kvm/kvmi.rst       | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kvm/kvmi.c                      | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kvm/x86.c                       | 16 ++++++++---
 include/linux/kvmi.h                     |  2 ++
 include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h            |  2 ++
 virt/kvm/kvmi.c                          | 22 +++++++++++++++
 virt/kvm/kvmi_int.h                      |  3 +++
 virt/kvm/kvmi_msg.c                      | 12 +++++++++
 9 files changed, 151 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
index da24c138c8d1..1ab59537b2fb 100644
--- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@  compute the CLOCK_REALTIME for its clock, at the same instant.
 Returns KVM_EOPNOTSUPP if the host does not use TSC clocksource,
 or if clock type is different than KVM_CLOCK_PAIRING_WALLCLOCK.
 
-6. KVM_HC_SEND_IPI
+7. KVM_HC_SEND_IPI
 ------------------------
 Architecture: x86
 Status: active
@@ -141,3 +141,35 @@  a0 corresponds to the APIC ID in the third argument (a2), bit 1
 corresponds to the APIC ID a2+1, and so on.
 
 Returns the number of CPUs to which the IPIs were delivered successfully.
+
+8. KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP
+--------------------
+
+Architecture: x86
+Status: active
+Purpose: To enable communication between a guest agent and a VMI application
+Usage:
+
+An event will be sent to the VMI application (see kvmi.rst) if the following
+registers, which differ between 32bit and 64bit, have the following values:
+
+       32bit       64bit     value
+       ---------------------------
+       ebx (a0)    rdi       KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP_GUEST_REQUEST_VM_EVENT
+       ecx (a1)    rsi       0
+
+This specification copies Xen's { __HYPERVISOR_hvm_op,
+HVMOP_guest_request_vm_event } hypercall and can originate from kernel or
+userspace.
+
+It returns 0 if successful, or a negative POSIX.1 error code if it fails. The
+absence of an active VMI application is not signaled in any way.
+
+The following registers are clobbered:
+
+  * 32bit: edx, esi, edi, ebp
+  * 64bit: rdx, r10, r8, r9
+
+In particular, for KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP_GUEST_REQUEST_VM_EVENT, the last two
+registers can be poisoned deliberately and cannot be used for passing
+information.
diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/kvmi.rst b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/kvmi.rst
index da216415bf32..2603813d1ee6 100644
--- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/kvmi.rst
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/kvmi.rst
@@ -1505,3 +1505,34 @@  trying to perform a certain operation (like creating a process).
 ``kvmi_event`` and the guest physical address are sent to the introspector.
 
 The *RETRY* action is used by the introspector for its own breakpoints.
+
+10. KVMI_EVENT_HYPERCALL
+------------------------
+
+:Architectures: x86
+:Versions: >= 1
+:Actions: CONTINUE, CRASH
+:Parameters:
+
+::
+
+	struct kvmi_event;
+
+:Returns:
+
+::
+
+	struct kvmi_vcpu_hdr;
+	struct kvmi_event_reply;
+
+This event is sent on a specific user hypercall when the introspection has
+been enabled for this event (see *KVMI_CONTROL_EVENTS*).
+
+The hypercall number must be ``KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP`` with the
+``KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP_GUEST_REQUEST_VM_EVENT`` sub-function
+(see hypercalls.txt).
+
+It is used by the code residing inside the introspected guest to call the
+introspection tool and to report certain details about its operation. For
+example, a classic antimalware remediation tool can report what it has
+found during a scan.
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/kvmi.c b/arch/x86/kvm/kvmi.c
index e998223bca1e..02e026ef5ed7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/kvmi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/kvmi.c
@@ -448,6 +448,39 @@  void kvmi_arch_breakpoint_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gva, u8 insn_len)
 	}
 }
 
+#define KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP_GUEST_REQUEST_VM_EVENT 24
+bool kvmi_arch_is_agent_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+	unsigned long subfunc1, subfunc2;
+	bool longmode = is_64_bit_mode(vcpu);
+
+	if (longmode) {
+		subfunc1 = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RDI);
+		subfunc2 = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RSI);
+	} else {
+		subfunc1 = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RBX);
+		subfunc1 &= 0xFFFFFFFF;
+		subfunc2 = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RCX);
+		subfunc2 &= 0xFFFFFFFF;
+	}
+
+	return (subfunc1 == KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP_GUEST_REQUEST_VM_EVENT
+		&& subfunc2 == 0);
+}
+
+void kvmi_arch_hypercall_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+	u32 action;
+
+	action = kvmi_msg_send_hypercall(vcpu);
+	switch (action) {
+	case KVMI_EVENT_ACTION_CONTINUE:
+		break;
+	default:
+		kvmi_handle_common_event_actions(vcpu, action, "HYPERCALL");
+	}
+}
+
 bool kvmi_arch_pf_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa, gva_t gva,
 			u8 access)
 {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index a9da8ac0d2b3..d568e60ae568 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -7231,11 +7231,14 @@  int kvm_emulate_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 {
 	unsigned long nr, a0, a1, a2, a3, ret;
 	int op_64_bit;
+	bool kvmi_hc;
 
-	if (kvm_hv_hypercall_enabled(vcpu->kvm))
+	nr = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RAX);
+	kvmi_hc = (u32)nr == KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP;
+
+	if (kvm_hv_hypercall_enabled(vcpu->kvm) && !kvmi_hc)
 		return kvm_hv_hypercall(vcpu);
 
-	nr = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RAX);
 	a0 = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RBX);
 	a1 = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RCX);
 	a2 = kvm_register_read(vcpu, VCPU_REGS_RDX);
@@ -7252,7 +7255,7 @@  int kvm_emulate_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 		a3 &= 0xFFFFFFFF;
 	}
 
-	if (kvm_x86_ops->get_cpl(vcpu) != 0) {
+	if (kvm_x86_ops->get_cpl(vcpu) != 0 && !kvmi_hc) {
 		ret = -KVM_EPERM;
 		goto out;
 	}
@@ -7273,6 +7276,13 @@  int kvm_emulate_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	case KVM_HC_SEND_IPI:
 		ret = kvm_pv_send_ipi(vcpu->kvm, a0, a1, a2, a3, op_64_bit);
 		break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_INTROSPECTION
+	case KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP:
+		ret = 0;
+		if (!kvmi_hypercall_event(vcpu))
+			ret = -KVM_ENOSYS;
+		break;
+#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_INTROSPECTION */
 	default:
 		ret = -KVM_ENOSYS;
 		break;
diff --git a/include/linux/kvmi.h b/include/linux/kvmi.h
index 13b58b3202bb..59d83d2d0cca 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvmi.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvmi.h
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@  int kvmi_ioctl_unhook(struct kvm *kvm, bool force_reset);
 int kvmi_vcpu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvmi_vcpu_uninit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 bool kvmi_breakpoint_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gva, u8 insn_len);
+bool kvmi_hypercall_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 bool kvmi_queue_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvmi_trap_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvmi_handle_requests(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
@@ -36,6 +37,7 @@  static inline bool kvmi_breakpoint_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gva,
 			{ return true; }
 static inline void kvmi_vcpu_uninit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { }
 static inline void kvmi_handle_requests(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { }
+static inline bool kvmi_hypercall_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { return false; }
 static inline bool kvmi_queue_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { return true; }
 static inline void kvmi_trap_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { }
 static inline void kvmi_init_emulate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) { }
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h
index 553f168331a4..592bda92b6d5 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h
@@ -33,6 +33,8 @@ 
 #define KVM_HC_CLOCK_PAIRING		9
 #define KVM_HC_SEND_IPI		10
 
+#define KVM_HC_XEN_HVM_OP		34 /* Xen's __HYPERVISOR_hvm_op */
+
 /*
  * hypercalls use architecture specific
  */
diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvmi.c b/virt/kvm/kvmi.c
index 4c868a94ac37..d04e13a0b244 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvmi.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvmi.c
@@ -1120,6 +1120,28 @@  bool kvmi_breakpoint_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gva, u8 insn_len)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvmi_breakpoint_event);
 
+bool kvmi_hypercall_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+	struct kvmi *ikvm;
+	bool ret = false;
+
+	if (!kvmi_arch_is_agent_hypercall(vcpu))
+		return ret;
+
+	ikvm = kvmi_get(vcpu->kvm);
+	if (!ikvm)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (is_event_enabled(vcpu, KVMI_EVENT_HYPERCALL)) {
+		kvmi_arch_hypercall_event(vcpu);
+		ret = true;
+	}
+
+	kvmi_put(vcpu->kvm);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /*
  * This function returns false if there is an exception or interrupt pending.
  * It returns true in all other cases including KVMI not being initialized.
diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvmi_int.h b/virt/kvm/kvmi_int.h
index d039446922e6..793ec269b9fa 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvmi_int.h
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvmi_int.h
@@ -185,6 +185,7 @@  int kvmi_send_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 ev_id,
 		    void *ev, size_t ev_size,
 		    void *rpl, size_t rpl_size, int *action);
 u32 kvmi_msg_send_bp(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gpa, u8 insn_len);
+u32 kvmi_msg_send_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 u32 kvmi_msg_send_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gpa, u64 gva, u8 access,
 		     bool *singlestep, bool *rep_complete,
 		     u64 *ctx_addr, u8 *ctx, u32 *ctx_size);
@@ -255,6 +256,8 @@  bool kvmi_arch_pf_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa, gva_t gva,
 bool kvmi_arch_queue_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvmi_arch_trap_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvmi_arch_breakpoint_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gva, u8 insn_len);
+bool kvmi_arch_is_agent_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+void kvmi_arch_hypercall_event(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 int kvmi_arch_cmd_get_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 			    const struct kvmi_get_cpuid *req,
 			    struct kvmi_get_cpuid_reply *rpl);
diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvmi_msg.c b/virt/kvm/kvmi_msg.c
index c7a1fa5f7245..89f63f40f5cc 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvmi_msg.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvmi_msg.c
@@ -1096,6 +1096,18 @@  u32 kvmi_msg_send_bp(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gpa, u8 insn_len)
 	return action;
 }
 
+u32 kvmi_msg_send_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+	int err, action;
+
+	err = kvmi_send_event(vcpu, KVMI_EVENT_HYPERCALL, NULL, 0,
+			      NULL, 0, &action);
+	if (err)
+		return KVMI_EVENT_ACTION_CONTINUE;
+
+	return action;
+}
+
 u32 kvmi_msg_send_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gpa, u64 gva, u8 access,
 		     bool *singlestep, bool *rep_complete, u64 *ctx_addr,
 		     u8 *ctx_data, u32 *ctx_size)