[v4,03/27] btrfs: Check and enable HMZONED mode
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190823101036.796932-4-naohiro.aota@wdc.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • btrfs zoned block device support
Related show

Commit Message

Naohiro Aota Aug. 23, 2019, 10:10 a.m. UTC
HMZONED mode cannot be used together with the RAID5/6 profile for now.
Introduce the function btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode() to check this. This
function will also check if HMZONED flag is enabled on the file system and
if the file system consists of zoned devices with equal zone size.

Additionally, as updates to the space cache are in-place, the space cache
cannot be located over sequential zones and there is no guarantees that the
device will have enough conventional zones to store this cache. Resolve
this problem by disabling completely the space cache.  This does not
introduces any problems with sequential block groups: all the free space is
located after the allocation pointer and no free space before the pointer.
There is no need to have such cache.

For the same reason, NODATACOW is also disabled.

Also INODE_MAP_CACHE is also disabled to avoid preallocation in the
INODE_MAP_CACHE inode.

In summary, HMZONED will disable:

| Disabled features | Reason                                              |
|-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
| RAID5/6           | 1) Non-full stripe write cause overwriting of       |
|                   | parity block                                        |
|                   | 2) Rebuilding on high capacity volume (usually with |
|                   | SMR) can lead to higher failure rate                |
|-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
| space_cache (v1)  | In-place updating                                   |
| NODATACOW         | In-place updating                                   |
|-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
| tree-log          | Partial write out of metadata creates write holes   |
|-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
| fallocate         | Reserved extent will be a write hole                |
| INODE_MAP_CACHE   | Need pre-allocation. (and will be deprecated?)      |
|-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
| MIXED_BG          | Allocated metadata region will be write holes for   |
|                   | data writes                                         |
| async checksum    | Not to mix up bios by multiple workers              |

Signed-off-by: Damien Le Moal <damien.lemoal@wdc.com>
Signed-off-by: Naohiro Aota <naohiro.aota@wdc.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/ctree.h       |  3 ++
 fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c |  8 +++++
 fs/btrfs/disk-io.c     |  8 +++++
 fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c     | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h     | 18 ++++++++++++
 fs/btrfs/super.c       |  1 +
 fs/btrfs/volumes.c     |  5 ++++
 7 files changed, 110 insertions(+)

Comments

Johannes Thumshirn Aug. 23, 2019, 12:07 p.m. UTC | #1
On 23/08/2019 12:10, Naohiro Aota wrote:
> HMZONED mode cannot be used together with the RAID5/6 profile for now.
> Introduce the function btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode() to check this. This
> function will also check if HMZONED flag is enabled on the file system and
> if the file system consists of zoned devices with equal zone size.
> 
> Additionally, as updates to the space cache are in-place, the space cache
> cannot be located over sequential zones and there is no guarantees that the
> device will have enough conventional zones to store this cache. Resolve
> this problem by disabling completely the space cache.  This does not
completely disabling ~^

> introduces any problems with sequential block groups: all the free space is
introduce ~^

> located after the allocation pointer and no free space before the pointer.
                                           is located? ~^
> There is no need to have such cache.
> 
> For the same reason, NODATACOW is also disabled.
> 
> Also INODE_MAP_CACHE is also disabled to avoid preallocation in the
> INODE_MAP_CACHE inode.
> 
> In summary, HMZONED will disable:
> 
> | Disabled features | Reason                                              |
> |-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
> | RAID5/6           | 1) Non-full stripe write cause overwriting of       |
> |                   | parity block                                        |
> |                   | 2) Rebuilding on high capacity volume (usually with |
> |                   | SMR) can lead to higher failure rate                |
> |-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
> | space_cache (v1)  | In-place updating                                   |
> | NODATACOW         | In-place updating                                   |
> |-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
> | tree-log          | Partial write out of metadata creates write holes   |
> |-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
> | fallocate         | Reserved extent will be a write hole                |
> | INODE_MAP_CACHE   | Need pre-allocation. (and will be deprecated?)      |
> |-------------------+-----------------------------------------------------|
> | MIXED_BG          | Allocated metadata region will be write holes for   |
> |                   | data writes                                         |
> | async checksum    | Not to mix up bios by multiple workers              |
> 
> Signed-off-by: Damien Le Moal <damien.lemoal@wdc.com>
> Signed-off-by: Naohiro Aota <naohiro.aota@wdc.com>
> ---
>  fs/btrfs/ctree.h       |  3 ++
>  fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c |  8 +++++
>  fs/btrfs/disk-io.c     |  8 +++++
>  fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c     | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h     | 18 ++++++++++++
>  fs/btrfs/super.c       |  1 +
>  fs/btrfs/volumes.c     |  5 ++++
>  7 files changed, 110 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
> index 94660063a162..221259737703 100644
> --- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
> +++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
> @@ -712,6 +712,9 @@ struct btrfs_fs_info {
>  	struct btrfs_root *uuid_root;
>  	struct btrfs_root *free_space_root;
>  
> +	/* Zone size when in HMZONED mode */
> +	u64 zone_size;
> +
>  	/* the log root tree is a directory of all the other log roots */
>  	struct btrfs_root *log_root_tree;
>  
> diff --git a/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c b/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
> index 6b2e9aa83ffa..2cc3ac4d101d 100644
> --- a/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
> +++ b/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
>  #include "rcu-string.h"
>  #include "dev-replace.h"
>  #include "sysfs.h"
> +#include "hmzoned.h"
>  
>  static int btrfs_dev_replace_finishing(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
>  				       int scrub_ret);
> @@ -201,6 +202,13 @@ static int btrfs_init_dev_replace_tgtdev(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
>  		return PTR_ERR(bdev);
>  	}
>  
> +	if (!btrfs_check_device_zone_type(fs_info, bdev)) {
> +		btrfs_err(fs_info,
> +			  "zone type of target device mismatch with the filesystem!");
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto error;
> +	}
> +
>  	sync_blockdev(bdev);
>  
>  	devices = &fs_info->fs_devices->devices;
> diff --git a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
> index 97beb351a10c..3f5ea92f546c 100644
> --- a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
> +++ b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
> @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
>  #include "compression.h"
>  #include "tree-checker.h"
>  #include "ref-verify.h"
> +#include "hmzoned.h"
>  
>  #define BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_SUPP	(BTRFS_HEADER_FLAG_WRITTEN |\
>  				 BTRFS_HEADER_FLAG_RELOC |\
> @@ -3121,6 +3122,13 @@ int open_ctree(struct super_block *sb,
>  
>  	btrfs_free_extra_devids(fs_devices, 1);
>  
> +	ret = btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode(fs_info);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		btrfs_err(fs_info, "failed to init hmzoned mode: %d",
> +				ret);
> +		goto fail_block_groups;
> +	}
> +
>  	ret = btrfs_sysfs_add_fsid(fs_devices, NULL);
>  	if (ret) {
>  		btrfs_err(fs_info, "failed to init sysfs fsid interface: %d",
> diff --git a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c
> index 23bf58d3d7bb..ca58eee08a70 100644
> --- a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c
> +++ b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c
> @@ -157,3 +157,70 @@ int btrfs_get_dev_zone(struct btrfs_device *device, u64 pos,
>  
>  	return 0;
>  }
> +
> +int btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info)
> +{
> +	struct btrfs_fs_devices *fs_devices = fs_info->fs_devices;
> +	struct btrfs_device *device;
> +	u64 hmzoned_devices = 0;
> +	u64 nr_devices = 0;
> +	u64 zone_size = 0;
> +	int incompat_hmzoned = btrfs_fs_incompat(fs_info, HMZONED);
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	/* Count zoned devices */
> +	list_for_each_entry(device, &fs_devices->devices, dev_list) {
> +		if (!device->bdev)
> +			continue;
> +		if (bdev_zoned_model(device->bdev) == BLK_ZONED_HM ||
> +		    (bdev_zoned_model(device->bdev) == BLK_ZONED_HA &&
> +		     incompat_hmzoned)) {
> +			hmzoned_devices++;
> +			if (!zone_size) {
> +				zone_size = device->zone_info->zone_size;
> +			} else if (device->zone_info->zone_size != zone_size) {
> +				btrfs_err(fs_info,
> +					  "Zoned block devices must have equal zone sizes");
> +				ret = -EINVAL;
> +				goto out;
> +			}
> +		}
> +		nr_devices++;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!hmzoned_devices && incompat_hmzoned) {
> +		/* No zoned block device found on HMZONED FS */
> +		btrfs_err(fs_info, "HMZONED enabled file system should have zoned devices");
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!hmzoned_devices && !incompat_hmzoned)
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	fs_info->zone_size = zone_size;
> +
> +	if (hmzoned_devices != nr_devices) {
> +		btrfs_err(fs_info,
> +			  "zoned devices cannot be mixed with regular devices");
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * stripe_size is always aligned to BTRFS_STRIPE_LEN in
> +	 * __btrfs_alloc_chunk(). Since we want stripe_len == zone_size,
> +	 * check the alignment here.
> +	 */
> +	if (!IS_ALIGNED(zone_size, BTRFS_STRIPE_LEN)) {
> +		btrfs_err(fs_info,
> +			  "zone size is not aligned to BTRFS_STRIPE_LEN");
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	btrfs_info(fs_info, "HMZONED mode enabled, zone size %llu B",
> +		   fs_info->zone_size);
> +out:
> +	return ret;
> +}
> diff --git a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h
> index ffc70842135e..29cfdcabff2f 100644
> --- a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h
> +++ b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h
> @@ -9,6 +9,8 @@
>  #ifndef BTRFS_HMZONED_H
>  #define BTRFS_HMZONED_H
>  
> +#include <linux/blkdev.h>
> +
>  struct btrfs_zoned_device_info {
>  	/*
>  	 * Number of zones, zone size and types of zones if bdev is a
> @@ -25,6 +27,7 @@ int btrfs_get_dev_zone(struct btrfs_device *device, u64 pos,
>  		       struct blk_zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask);
>  int btrfs_get_dev_zone_info(struct btrfs_device *device);
>  void btrfs_destroy_dev_zone_info(struct btrfs_device *device);
> +int btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info);


While we're at it, shouldn't all the functions in hmzoned.[ch] have a
!CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED compat wrapper and hmzoned.o is dependent on
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED?
Naohiro Aota Aug. 26, 2019, 8:38 a.m. UTC | #2
On Fri, Aug 23, 2019 at 02:07:05PM +0200, Johannes Thumshirn wrote:
>On 23/08/2019 12:10, Naohiro Aota wrote:
>> HMZONED mode cannot be used together with the RAID5/6 profile for now.
>> Introduce the function btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode() to check this. This
>> function will also check if HMZONED flag is enabled on the file system and
>> if the file system consists of zoned devices with equal zone size.
>>
>> Additionally, as updates to the space cache are in-place, the space cache
>> cannot be located over sequential zones and there is no guarantees that the
>> device will have enough conventional zones to store this cache. Resolve
>> this problem by disabling completely the space cache.  This does not
>completely disabling ~^
>
>> introduces any problems with sequential block groups: all the free space is
>introduce ~^
>
>> located after the allocation pointer and no free space before the pointer.
>                                           is located? ~^
>> There is no need to have such cache.

Thanks.

>> @@ -25,6 +27,7 @@ int btrfs_get_dev_zone(struct btrfs_device *device, u64 pos,
>>  		       struct blk_zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask);
>>  int btrfs_get_dev_zone_info(struct btrfs_device *device);
>>  void btrfs_destroy_dev_zone_info(struct btrfs_device *device);
>> +int btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info);
>
>
>While we're at it, shouldn't all the functions in hmzoned.[ch] have a
>!CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED compat wrapper and hmzoned.o is dependent on
>CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED?

Exactly. It was broken on !CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED as the bot pointed
out... I'll push them behind CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED in the next
version.

>-- 
>Johannes Thumshirn                            SUSE Labs Filesystems
>jthumshirn@suse.de                                +49 911 74053 689
>SUSE LINUX GmbH, Maxfeldstr. 5, 90409 Nürnberg
>GF: Felix Imendörffer, Mary Higgins, Sri Rasiah
>HRB 21284 (AG Nürnberg)
>Key fingerprint = EC38 9CAB C2C4 F25D 8600 D0D0 0393 969D 2D76 0850

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
index 94660063a162..221259737703 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
@@ -712,6 +712,9 @@  struct btrfs_fs_info {
 	struct btrfs_root *uuid_root;
 	struct btrfs_root *free_space_root;
 
+	/* Zone size when in HMZONED mode */
+	u64 zone_size;
+
 	/* the log root tree is a directory of all the other log roots */
 	struct btrfs_root *log_root_tree;
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c b/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
index 6b2e9aa83ffa..2cc3ac4d101d 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/dev-replace.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ 
 #include "rcu-string.h"
 #include "dev-replace.h"
 #include "sysfs.h"
+#include "hmzoned.h"
 
 static int btrfs_dev_replace_finishing(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 				       int scrub_ret);
@@ -201,6 +202,13 @@  static int btrfs_init_dev_replace_tgtdev(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 		return PTR_ERR(bdev);
 	}
 
+	if (!btrfs_check_device_zone_type(fs_info, bdev)) {
+		btrfs_err(fs_info,
+			  "zone type of target device mismatch with the filesystem!");
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto error;
+	}
+
 	sync_blockdev(bdev);
 
 	devices = &fs_info->fs_devices->devices;
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
index 97beb351a10c..3f5ea92f546c 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ 
 #include "compression.h"
 #include "tree-checker.h"
 #include "ref-verify.h"
+#include "hmzoned.h"
 
 #define BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_SUPP	(BTRFS_HEADER_FLAG_WRITTEN |\
 				 BTRFS_HEADER_FLAG_RELOC |\
@@ -3121,6 +3122,13 @@  int open_ctree(struct super_block *sb,
 
 	btrfs_free_extra_devids(fs_devices, 1);
 
+	ret = btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode(fs_info);
+	if (ret) {
+		btrfs_err(fs_info, "failed to init hmzoned mode: %d",
+				ret);
+		goto fail_block_groups;
+	}
+
 	ret = btrfs_sysfs_add_fsid(fs_devices, NULL);
 	if (ret) {
 		btrfs_err(fs_info, "failed to init sysfs fsid interface: %d",
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c
index 23bf58d3d7bb..ca58eee08a70 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.c
@@ -157,3 +157,70 @@  int btrfs_get_dev_zone(struct btrfs_device *device, u64 pos,
 
 	return 0;
 }
+
+int btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info)
+{
+	struct btrfs_fs_devices *fs_devices = fs_info->fs_devices;
+	struct btrfs_device *device;
+	u64 hmzoned_devices = 0;
+	u64 nr_devices = 0;
+	u64 zone_size = 0;
+	int incompat_hmzoned = btrfs_fs_incompat(fs_info, HMZONED);
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	/* Count zoned devices */
+	list_for_each_entry(device, &fs_devices->devices, dev_list) {
+		if (!device->bdev)
+			continue;
+		if (bdev_zoned_model(device->bdev) == BLK_ZONED_HM ||
+		    (bdev_zoned_model(device->bdev) == BLK_ZONED_HA &&
+		     incompat_hmzoned)) {
+			hmzoned_devices++;
+			if (!zone_size) {
+				zone_size = device->zone_info->zone_size;
+			} else if (device->zone_info->zone_size != zone_size) {
+				btrfs_err(fs_info,
+					  "Zoned block devices must have equal zone sizes");
+				ret = -EINVAL;
+				goto out;
+			}
+		}
+		nr_devices++;
+	}
+
+	if (!hmzoned_devices && incompat_hmzoned) {
+		/* No zoned block device found on HMZONED FS */
+		btrfs_err(fs_info, "HMZONED enabled file system should have zoned devices");
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	if (!hmzoned_devices && !incompat_hmzoned)
+		goto out;
+
+	fs_info->zone_size = zone_size;
+
+	if (hmzoned_devices != nr_devices) {
+		btrfs_err(fs_info,
+			  "zoned devices cannot be mixed with regular devices");
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * stripe_size is always aligned to BTRFS_STRIPE_LEN in
+	 * __btrfs_alloc_chunk(). Since we want stripe_len == zone_size,
+	 * check the alignment here.
+	 */
+	if (!IS_ALIGNED(zone_size, BTRFS_STRIPE_LEN)) {
+		btrfs_err(fs_info,
+			  "zone size is not aligned to BTRFS_STRIPE_LEN");
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	btrfs_info(fs_info, "HMZONED mode enabled, zone size %llu B",
+		   fs_info->zone_size);
+out:
+	return ret;
+}
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h
index ffc70842135e..29cfdcabff2f 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/hmzoned.h
@@ -9,6 +9,8 @@ 
 #ifndef BTRFS_HMZONED_H
 #define BTRFS_HMZONED_H
 
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+
 struct btrfs_zoned_device_info {
 	/*
 	 * Number of zones, zone size and types of zones if bdev is a
@@ -25,6 +27,7 @@  int btrfs_get_dev_zone(struct btrfs_device *device, u64 pos,
 		       struct blk_zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask);
 int btrfs_get_dev_zone_info(struct btrfs_device *device);
 void btrfs_destroy_dev_zone_info(struct btrfs_device *device);
+int btrfs_check_hmzoned_mode(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info);
 
 static inline bool btrfs_dev_is_sequential(struct btrfs_device *device, u64 pos)
 {
@@ -76,4 +79,19 @@  static inline void btrfs_dev_clear_zone_empty(struct btrfs_device *device,
 	btrfs_dev_set_empty_zone_bit(device, pos, false);
 }
 
+static inline bool btrfs_check_device_zone_type(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
+						struct block_device *bdev)
+{
+	u64 zone_size;
+
+	if (btrfs_fs_incompat(fs_info, HMZONED)) {
+		zone_size = (u64)bdev_zone_sectors(bdev) << SECTOR_SHIFT;
+		/* Do not allow non-zoned device */
+		return bdev_is_zoned(bdev) && fs_info->zone_size == zone_size;
+	}
+
+	/* Do not allow Host Manged zoned device */
+	return bdev_zoned_model(bdev) != BLK_ZONED_HM;
+}
+
 #endif
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/super.c b/fs/btrfs/super.c
index 78de9d5d80c6..d7879a5a2536 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/super.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/super.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ 
 #include "free-space-cache.h"
 #include "backref.h"
 #include "space-info.h"
+#include "hmzoned.h"
 #include "tests/btrfs-tests.h"
 
 #include "qgroup.h"
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/volumes.c b/fs/btrfs/volumes.c
index a8c550562057..ffa4de09666d 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/volumes.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/volumes.c
@@ -2572,6 +2572,11 @@  int btrfs_init_new_device(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, const char *device_path
 	if (IS_ERR(bdev))
 		return PTR_ERR(bdev);
 
+	if (!btrfs_check_device_zone_type(fs_info, bdev)) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto error;
+	}
+
 	if (fs_devices->seeding) {
 		seeding_dev = 1;
 		down_write(&sb->s_umount);