[v3,01/11] checkpatch: check for nested (un)?likely() calls
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Message ID 20190829165025.15750-1-efremov@linux.com
State New
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  • [v3,01/11] checkpatch: check for nested (un)?likely() calls
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Commit Message

Denis Efremov Aug. 29, 2019, 4:50 p.m. UTC
IS_ERR(), IS_ERR_OR_NULL(), IS_ERR_VALUE() and WARN*() already contain
unlikely() optimization internally. Thus, there is no point in calling
these functions and defines under likely()/unlikely().

This check is based on the coccinelle rule developed by Enrico Weigelt
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1559767582-11081-1-git-send-email-info@metux.net/

Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
---
 scripts/checkpatch.pl | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

Comments

Markus Elfring Aug. 31, 2019, 9:15 a.m. UTC | #1
> +# nested likely/unlikely calls
> +		if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:un)?likely)\s*\(\s*!?\s*(IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?|WARN)/) {
> +			WARN("LIKELY_MISUSE",

How do you think about to use the specification “(?:IS_ERR(?:_(?:OR_NULL|VALUE))?|WARN)”
in this regular expression?

Regards,
Markus
Denis Efremov Aug. 31, 2019, 3:54 p.m. UTC | #2
On 31.08.2019 12:15, Markus Elfring wrote:
>> +# nested likely/unlikely calls
>> +        if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:un)?likely)\s*\(\s*!?\s*(IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?|WARN)/) {
>> +            WARN("LIKELY_MISUSE",
> 
> How do you think about to use the specification “(?:IS_ERR(?:_(?:OR_NULL|VALUE))?|WARN)”
> in this regular expression?

Hmm, 
(?:   <- Catch group is required here, since it is used in diagnostic message,
         see $1
   IS_ERR
   (?:_ <- Another atomic group just to show that '_' is a common prefix?
           I'm not sure about this. Usually, Perl interpreter is very good at optimizing such things.
           You could see this optimization if you run perl with -Mre=debug.
     (?:OR_NULL|VALUE))?|WARN)

Regards,
Denis
Markus Elfring Aug. 31, 2019, 4:45 p.m. UTC | #3
>>> +# nested likely/unlikely calls
>>> +        if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:un)?likely)\s*\(\s*!?\s*(IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?|WARN)/) {
>>> +            WARN("LIKELY_MISUSE",
>>
>> How do you think about to use the specification “(?:IS_ERR(?:_(?:OR_NULL|VALUE))?|WARN)”
>> in this regular expression?>    IS_ERR
>    (?:_ <- Another atomic group just to show that '_' is a common prefix?

Yes. - I hope that this specification detail can help a bit.


>            Usually, Perl interpreter is very good at optimizing such things.

Would you like to help this software component by omitting a pair of
non-capturing parentheses at the beginning?

\b(?:un)?likely\s*


Regards,
Markus
Denis Efremov Aug. 31, 2019, 5:07 p.m. UTC | #4
On 31.08.2019 19:45, Markus Elfring wrote:
>>>> +# nested likely/unlikely calls
>>>> +        if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:un)?likely)\s*\(\s*!?\s*(IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?|WARN)/) {
>>>> +            WARN("LIKELY_MISUSE",
>>>
>>> How do you think about to use the specification “(?:IS_ERR(?:_(?:OR_NULL|VALUE))?|WARN)”
>>> in this regular expression?
> …
>>    IS_ERR
>>    (?:_ <- Another atomic group just to show that '_' is a common prefix?
> 
> Yes. - I hope that this specification detail can help a bit.

I'm not sure that another pair of brackets for a single char worth it.

>>            Usually, Perl interpreter is very good at optimizing such things.

The interpreter optimizes it internally:
echo 'IS_ERR_OR_NULL' | perl -Mre=debug -ne '/IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?/ && print'
Compiling REx "IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?"
Final program:
   1: EXACT <IS_ERR> (4)
   4: CURLYX[0]{0,1} (16)
   6:   EXACT <_> (8)      <-- common prefix
   8:   TRIE-EXACT[OV] (15)
        <OR_NULL> 
        <VALUE>
...
> 
> Would you like to help this software component by omitting a pair of
> non-capturing parentheses at the beginning?
> 
> \b(?:un)?likely\s*

This pair of brackets is required to match "unlikely" and it's
optional in order to match "likely".

Regards,
Denis
Markus Elfring Aug. 31, 2019, 5:26 p.m. UTC | #5
>>>>> +# nested likely/unlikely calls
>>>>> +        if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:un)?likely)\s*\(\s*!?\s*(IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?|WARN)/) {
>>>>> +            WARN("LIKELY_MISUSE",>> \b(?:un)?likely\s*
>
> This pair of brackets is required to match "unlikely"
> and it's optional in order to match "likely".

I agree also to this view if you refer to the shortened regular expression here.
But I got an other development opinion for an extra pair of non-capturing parentheses
at the front (from the version which you suggested).

Regards,
Markus

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
index 93a7edfe0f05..56969ce06df4 100755
--- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
+++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
@@ -6480,6 +6480,12 @@  sub process {
 			     "Using $1 should generally have parentheses around the comparison\n" . $herecurr);
 		}
 
+# nested likely/unlikely calls
+		if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:un)?likely)\s*\(\s*!?\s*(IS_ERR(?:_OR_NULL|_VALUE)?|WARN)/) {
+			WARN("LIKELY_MISUSE",
+			     "nested (un)?likely() calls, $1 already uses unlikely() internally\n" . $herecurr);
+		}
+
 # whine mightly about in_atomic
 		if ($line =~ /\bin_atomic\s*\(/) {
 			if ($realfile =~ m@^drivers/@) {