[v2,09/10] dmaengine: bcm2835: Avoid accessing memory when copying zeroes
diff mbox series

Message ID b2286c904408745192e4beb3de3c88f73e4a7210.1568187525.git.lukas@wunner.de
State Accepted
Headers show
  • Speed up SPI simplex transfers on Raspberry Pi
Related show

Commit Message

Lukas Wunner Sept. 11, 2019, 10:15 a.m. UTC
The BCM2835 DMA controller is capable of synthesizing zeroes instead of
copying them from a source address. The feature is enabled by setting
the SRC_IGNORE bit in the Transfer Information field of a Control Block:

"Do not perform source reads.
 In addition, destination writes will zero all the write strobes.
 This is used for fast cache fill operations."

The feature is only available on 8 of the 16 channels. The others are
so-called "lite" channels with a limited feature set and performance.

Enable the feature if a cyclic transaction copies from the zero page.
This reduces traffic on the memory bus.

A forthcoming use case is the BCM2835 SPI driver, which will cyclically
copy from the zero page to the TX FIFO. The idea to use SRC_IGNORE was
taken from an ancient GitHub conversation between Martin and Noralf:

Tested-by: Nuno Sá <nuno.sa@analog.com>
Tested-by: Noralf Trønnes <noralf@tronnes.org>
Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Acked-by: Vinod Koul <vkoul@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Stefan Wahren <wahrenst@gmx.net>
Acked-by: Martin Sperl <kernel@martin.sperl.org>
Cc: Florian Kauer <florian.kauer@koalo.de>
 drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+)

diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c b/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
index 14358faf3bff..67100e4e1083 100644
--- a/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
+++ b/drivers/dma/bcm2835-dma.c
@@ -42,11 +42,14 @@ 
  * @ddev: DMA device
  * @base: base address of register map
  * @dma_parms: DMA parameters (to convey 1 GByte max segment size to clients)
+ * @zero_page: bus address of zero page (to detect transactions copying from
+ *	zero page and avoid accessing memory if so)
 struct bcm2835_dmadev {
 	struct dma_device ddev;
 	void __iomem *base;
 	struct device_dma_parameters dma_parms;
+	dma_addr_t zero_page;
 struct bcm2835_dma_cb {
@@ -693,6 +696,7 @@  static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *bcm2835_dma_prep_dma_cyclic(
 	size_t period_len, enum dma_transfer_direction direction,
 	unsigned long flags)
+	struct bcm2835_dmadev *od = to_bcm2835_dma_dev(chan->device);
 	struct bcm2835_chan *c = to_bcm2835_dma_chan(chan);
 	struct bcm2835_desc *d;
 	dma_addr_t src, dst;
@@ -743,6 +747,10 @@  static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *bcm2835_dma_prep_dma_cyclic(
 		dst = c->cfg.dst_addr;
 		src = buf_addr;
 		info |= BCM2835_DMA_D_DREQ | BCM2835_DMA_S_INC;
+		/* non-lite channels can write zeroes w/o accessing memory */
+		if (buf_addr == od->zero_page && !c->is_lite_channel)
+			info |= BCM2835_DMA_S_IGNORE;
 	/* calculate number of frames */
@@ -845,6 +853,9 @@  static void bcm2835_dma_free(struct bcm2835_dmadev *od)
+	dma_unmap_page_attrs(od->ddev.dev, od->zero_page, PAGE_SIZE,
 static const struct of_device_id bcm2835_dma_of_match[] = {
@@ -927,6 +938,14 @@  static int bcm2835_dma_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, od);
+	od->zero_page = dma_map_page_attrs(od->ddev.dev, ZERO_PAGE(0), 0,
+	if (dma_mapping_error(od->ddev.dev, od->zero_page)) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to map zero page\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
 	/* Request DMA channel mask from device tree */
 	if (of_property_read_u32(pdev->dev.of_node,