[v10,11/16] microcode: reduce memory allocation and copy when creating a patch
diff mbox series

Message ID 1568272949-1086-12-git-send-email-chao.gao@intel.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • improve late microcode loading
Related show

Commit Message

Chao Gao Sept. 12, 2019, 7:22 a.m. UTC
To create a microcode patch from a vendor-specific update,
allocate_microcode_patch() copied everything from the update.
It is not efficient. Essentially, we just need to go through
ucodes in the blob, find the one with the newest revision and
install it into the microcode_patch. In the process, buffers
like mc_amd, equiv_cpu_table (on AMD side), and mc (on Intel
side) can be reused. microcode_patch now is allocated after
it is sure that there is a matching ucode.

Signed-off-by: Chao Gao <chao.gao@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
---
Changes in v10:
 - avoid unnecessary type casting
   * introduce compare_header on AMD side
   * specify the type of the first parameter of get_next_ucode_from_buffer()
     on Intel side

Changes in v9:
 - new
---
 xen/arch/x86/microcode_amd.c   | 112 +++++++++++++++++------------------------
 xen/arch/x86/microcode_intel.c |  67 +++++++++---------------
 2 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 110 deletions(-)

Comments

Jan Beulich Sept. 12, 2019, 3:04 p.m. UTC | #1
On 12.09.2019 09:22, Chao Gao wrote:
> To create a microcode patch from a vendor-specific update,
> allocate_microcode_patch() copied everything from the update.
> It is not efficient. Essentially, we just need to go through
> ucodes in the blob, find the one with the newest revision and
> install it into the microcode_patch. In the process, buffers
> like mc_amd, equiv_cpu_table (on AMD side), and mc (on Intel
> side) can be reused. microcode_patch now is allocated after
> it is sure that there is a matching ucode.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Chao Gao <chao.gao@intel.com>
> Reviewed-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>

Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>

> @@ -353,8 +334,9 @@ static int apply_microcode(const struct microcode_patch *patch)
>      return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static long get_next_ucode_from_buffer(void **mc, const u8 *buf,
> -                                       unsigned long size, long offset)
> +static long get_next_ucode_from_buffer(struct microcode_intel **mc,
> +                                       const u8 *buf, unsigned long size,
> +                                       long offset)

As you touch this anyway, it would have been nice if you had
taken the time to correct the one or two style issues here
(u8 -> uint8_t and likely long -> unsigned long).

Jan

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/microcode_amd.c b/xen/arch/x86/microcode_amd.c
index 1d1bea4..f05db72 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/microcode_amd.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/microcode_amd.c
@@ -194,36 +194,6 @@  static bool match_cpu(const struct microcode_patch *patch)
     return patch && (microcode_fits(patch->mc_amd) == NEW_UCODE);
 }
 
-static struct microcode_patch *alloc_microcode_patch(
-    const struct microcode_amd *mc_amd)
-{
-    struct microcode_patch *microcode_patch = xmalloc(struct microcode_patch);
-    struct microcode_amd *cache = xmalloc(struct microcode_amd);
-    void *mpb = xmalloc_bytes(mc_amd->mpb_size);
-    struct equiv_cpu_entry *equiv_cpu_table =
-                                xmalloc_bytes(mc_amd->equiv_cpu_table_size);
-
-    if ( !microcode_patch || !cache || !mpb || !equiv_cpu_table )
-    {
-        xfree(microcode_patch);
-        xfree(cache);
-        xfree(mpb);
-        xfree(equiv_cpu_table);
-        return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-    }
-
-    memcpy(mpb, mc_amd->mpb, mc_amd->mpb_size);
-    cache->mpb = mpb;
-    cache->mpb_size = mc_amd->mpb_size;
-    memcpy(equiv_cpu_table, mc_amd->equiv_cpu_table,
-           mc_amd->equiv_cpu_table_size);
-    cache->equiv_cpu_table = equiv_cpu_table;
-    cache->equiv_cpu_table_size = mc_amd->equiv_cpu_table_size;
-    microcode_patch->mc_amd = cache;
-
-    return microcode_patch;
-}
-
 static void free_patch(void *mc)
 {
     struct microcode_amd *mc_amd = mc;
@@ -236,6 +206,17 @@  static void free_patch(void *mc)
     }
 }
 
+static enum microcode_match_result compare_header(
+    const struct microcode_header_amd *new_header,
+    const struct microcode_header_amd *old_header)
+{
+    if ( new_header->processor_rev_id == old_header->processor_rev_id )
+        return (new_header->patch_id > old_header->patch_id) ? NEW_UCODE
+                                                             : OLD_UCODE;
+
+    return MIS_UCODE;
+}
+
 static enum microcode_match_result compare_patch(
     const struct microcode_patch *new, const struct microcode_patch *old)
 {
@@ -246,11 +227,7 @@  static enum microcode_match_result compare_patch(
     ASSERT(microcode_fits(new->mc_amd) != MIS_UCODE);
     ASSERT(microcode_fits(new->mc_amd) != MIS_UCODE);
 
-    if ( new_header->processor_rev_id == old_header->processor_rev_id )
-        return (new_header->patch_id > old_header->patch_id) ?
-                NEW_UCODE : OLD_UCODE;
-
-    return MIS_UCODE;
+    return compare_header(new_header, old_header);
 }
 
 static int apply_microcode(const struct microcode_patch *patch)
@@ -328,18 +305,10 @@  static int get_ucode_from_buffer_amd(
         return -EINVAL;
     }
 
-    if ( mc_amd->mpb_size < mpbuf->len )
-    {
-        if ( mc_amd->mpb )
-        {
-            xfree(mc_amd->mpb);
-            mc_amd->mpb_size = 0;
-        }
-        mc_amd->mpb = xmalloc_bytes(mpbuf->len);
-        if ( mc_amd->mpb == NULL )
-            return -ENOMEM;
-        mc_amd->mpb_size = mpbuf->len;
-    }
+    mc_amd->mpb = xmalloc_bytes(mpbuf->len);
+    if ( !mc_amd->mpb )
+        return -ENOMEM;
+    mc_amd->mpb_size = mpbuf->len;
     memcpy(mc_amd->mpb, mpbuf->data, mpbuf->len);
 
     pr_debug("microcode: CPU%d size %zu, block size %u offset %zu equivID %#x rev %#x\n",
@@ -459,8 +428,9 @@  static struct microcode_patch *cpu_request_microcode(const void *buf,
                                                      size_t bufsize)
 {
     struct microcode_amd *mc_amd;
+    struct microcode_header_amd *saved = NULL;
     struct microcode_patch *patch = NULL;
-    size_t offset = 0;
+    size_t offset = 0, saved_size = 0;
     int error = 0;
     unsigned int current_cpu_id;
     unsigned int equiv_cpu_id;
@@ -550,29 +520,22 @@  static struct microcode_patch *cpu_request_microcode(const void *buf,
     while ( (error = get_ucode_from_buffer_amd(mc_amd, buf, bufsize,
                                                &offset)) == 0 )
     {
-        struct microcode_patch *new_patch = alloc_microcode_patch(mc_amd);
-
-        if ( IS_ERR(new_patch) )
-        {
-            error = PTR_ERR(new_patch);
-            break;
-        }
-
         /*
-         * If the new patch covers current CPU, compare patches and store the
+         * If the new ucode covers current CPU, compare ucodes and store the
          * one with higher revision.
          */
-        if ( (microcode_fits(new_patch->mc_amd) != MIS_UCODE) &&
-             (!patch || (compare_patch(new_patch, patch) == NEW_UCODE)) )
+        if ( (microcode_fits(mc_amd) != MIS_UCODE) &&
+             (!saved || (compare_header(mc_amd->mpb, saved) == NEW_UCODE)) )
         {
-            struct microcode_patch *tmp = patch;
-
-            patch = new_patch;
-            new_patch = tmp;
+            xfree(saved);
+            saved = mc_amd->mpb;
+            saved_size = mc_amd->mpb_size;
+        }
+        else
+        {
+            xfree(mc_amd->mpb);
+            mc_amd->mpb = NULL;
         }
-
-        if ( new_patch )
-            microcode_free_patch(new_patch);
 
         if ( offset >= bufsize )
             break;
@@ -601,7 +564,22 @@  static struct microcode_patch *cpu_request_microcode(const void *buf,
              *(const uint32_t *)(buf + offset) == UCODE_MAGIC )
             break;
     }
-    free_patch(mc_amd);
+
+    if ( saved )
+    {
+        mc_amd->mpb = saved;
+        mc_amd->mpb_size = saved_size;
+        patch = xmalloc(struct microcode_patch);
+        if ( patch )
+            patch->mc_amd = mc_amd;
+        else
+        {
+            free_patch(mc_amd);
+            error = -ENOMEM;
+        }
+    }
+    else
+        free_patch(mc_amd);
 
   out:
     if ( error && !patch )
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/microcode_intel.c b/xen/arch/x86/microcode_intel.c
index c3083d7..4e811b7 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/microcode_intel.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/microcode_intel.c
@@ -286,25 +286,6 @@  static enum microcode_match_result compare_patch(
                                                              : OLD_UCODE;
 }
 
-static struct microcode_patch *alloc_microcode_patch(
-    const struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header)
-{
-    unsigned long total_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
-    void *new_mc = xmalloc_bytes(total_size);
-    struct microcode_patch *new_patch = xmalloc(struct microcode_patch);
-
-    if ( !new_patch || !new_mc )
-    {
-        xfree(new_patch);
-        xfree(new_mc);
-        return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-    }
-    memcpy(new_mc, mc_header, total_size);
-    new_patch->mc_intel = new_mc;
-
-    return new_patch;
-}
-
 static int apply_microcode(const struct microcode_patch *patch)
 {
     unsigned long flags;
@@ -353,8 +334,9 @@  static int apply_microcode(const struct microcode_patch *patch)
     return 0;
 }
 
-static long get_next_ucode_from_buffer(void **mc, const u8 *buf,
-                                       unsigned long size, long offset)
+static long get_next_ucode_from_buffer(struct microcode_intel **mc,
+                                       const u8 *buf, unsigned long size,
+                                       long offset)
 {
     struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header;
     unsigned long total_size;
@@ -386,47 +368,46 @@  static struct microcode_patch *cpu_request_microcode(const void *buf,
 {
     long offset = 0;
     int error = 0;
-    void *mc;
+    struct microcode_intel *mc, *saved = NULL;
     struct microcode_patch *patch = NULL;
 
     while ( (offset = get_next_ucode_from_buffer(&mc, buf, size, offset)) > 0 )
     {
-        struct microcode_patch *new_patch;
-
         error = microcode_sanity_check(mc);
         if ( error )
-            break;
-
-        new_patch = alloc_microcode_patch(mc);
-        if ( IS_ERR(new_patch) )
         {
-            error = PTR_ERR(new_patch);
+            xfree(mc);
             break;
         }
 
         /*
-         * If the new patch covers current CPU, compare patches and store the
+         * If the new update covers current CPU, compare updates and store the
          * one with higher revision.
          */
-        if ( (microcode_update_match(&new_patch->mc_intel->hdr) != MIS_UCODE) &&
-             (!patch || (compare_patch(new_patch, patch) == NEW_UCODE)) )
+        if ( (microcode_update_match(&mc->hdr) != MIS_UCODE) &&
+             (!saved || (mc->hdr.rev > saved->hdr.rev)) )
         {
-            struct microcode_patch *tmp = patch;
-
-            patch = new_patch;
-            new_patch = tmp;
+            xfree(saved);
+            saved = mc;
         }
-
-        if ( new_patch )
-            microcode_free_patch(new_patch);
-
-        xfree(mc);
+        else
+            xfree(mc);
     }
-    if ( offset > 0 )
-        xfree(mc);
     if ( offset < 0 )
         error = offset;
 
+    if ( saved )
+    {
+        patch = xmalloc(struct microcode_patch);
+        if ( patch )
+            patch->mc_intel = saved;
+        else
+        {
+            xfree(saved);
+            error = -ENOMEM;
+        }
+    }
+
     if ( error && !patch )
         patch = ERR_PTR(error);