[V6,2/2] mm/debug: Add tests validating architecture page table helpers
diff mbox series

Message ID 1571131302-32290-3-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com
State New
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  • mm/debug: Add tests validating architecture page table helpers
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Commit Message

Anshuman Khandual Oct. 15, 2019, 9:21 a.m. UTC
This adds tests which will validate architecture page table helpers and
other accessors in their compliance with expected generic MM semantics.
This will help various architectures in validating changes to existing
page table helpers or addition of new ones.

Test page table and memory pages creating it's entries at various level are
all allocated from system memory with required size and alignments. But if
memory pages with required size and alignment could not be allocated, then
all depending individual tests are just skipped afterwards. This test gets
called right after init_mm_internals() required for alloc_contig_range() to
work correctly.

This gets build and run when CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE is selected along with
CONFIG_VM_DEBUG. Architectures willing to subscribe this test also need to
select CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE which for now is limited to x86 and
arm64. Going forward, other architectures too can enable this after fixing
build or runtime problems (if any) with their page table helpers.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Price <Steven.Price@arm.com>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Sri Krishna chowdary <schowdary@nvidia.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org>
Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Cc: linux-snps-arc@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-ia64@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org
Cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org

Tested-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>		#PPC32
Suggested-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
---
 .../debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt   |  34 ++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                            |   1 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig                              |   1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h             |   6 +
 include/asm-generic/pgtable.h                 |   6 +
 init/main.c                                   |   1 +
 lib/Kconfig.debug                             |  21 +
 mm/Makefile                                   |   1 +
 mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c                         | 450 ++++++++++++++++++
 9 files changed, 521 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt
 create mode 100644 mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c

Comments

Michal Hocko Oct. 15, 2019, 11:46 a.m. UTC | #1
On Tue 15-10-19 14:51:42, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
> This adds tests which will validate architecture page table helpers and
> other accessors in their compliance with expected generic MM semantics.
> This will help various architectures in validating changes to existing
> page table helpers or addition of new ones.
> 
> Test page table and memory pages creating it's entries at various level are
> all allocated from system memory with required size and alignments. But if
> memory pages with required size and alignment could not be allocated, then
> all depending individual tests are just skipped afterwards. This test gets
> called right after init_mm_internals() required for alloc_contig_range() to
> work correctly.
> 
> This gets build and run when CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE is selected along with
> CONFIG_VM_DEBUG. Architectures willing to subscribe this test also need to
> select CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE which for now is limited to x86 and
> arm64. Going forward, other architectures too can enable this after fixing
> build or runtime problems (if any) with their page table helpers.

A highlevel description of tests and what they are testing for would be
really appreciated. Who wants to run these tests and why/when? What kind
of bugs would get detected? In short why do we really need/want this
code in the tree?
Anshuman Khandual Oct. 15, 2019, 12:27 p.m. UTC | #2
On 10/15/2019 05:16 PM, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Tue 15-10-19 14:51:42, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> This adds tests which will validate architecture page table helpers and
>> other accessors in their compliance with expected generic MM semantics.
>> This will help various architectures in validating changes to existing
>> page table helpers or addition of new ones.
>>
>> Test page table and memory pages creating it's entries at various level are
>> all allocated from system memory with required size and alignments. But if
>> memory pages with required size and alignment could not be allocated, then
>> all depending individual tests are just skipped afterwards. This test gets
>> called right after init_mm_internals() required for alloc_contig_range() to
>> work correctly.
>>
>> This gets build and run when CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE is selected along with
>> CONFIG_VM_DEBUG. Architectures willing to subscribe this test also need to
>> select CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE which for now is limited to x86 and
>> arm64. Going forward, other architectures too can enable this after fixing
>> build or runtime problems (if any) with their page table helpers.
> 
> A highlevel description of tests and what they are testing for would be
> really appreciated. Who wants to run these tests and why/when? What kind
> of bugs would get detected? In short why do we really need/want this
> code in the tree?

Sure, will do.
Qian Cai Oct. 15, 2019, 6:09 p.m. UTC | #3
On Tue, 2019-10-15 at 14:51 +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
> +static unsigned long __init get_random_vaddr(void)
> +{
> +	unsigned long random_vaddr, random_pages, total_user_pages;
> +
> +	total_user_pages = (TASK_SIZE - FIRST_USER_ADDRESS) / PAGE_SIZE;
> +
> +	random_pages = get_random_long() % total_user_pages;
> +	random_vaddr = FIRST_USER_ADDRESS + random_pages * PAGE_SIZE;
> +
> +	WARN_ON(random_vaddr > TASK_SIZE);
> +	WARN_ON(random_vaddr < FIRST_USER_ADDRESS);

It would be nice if this patch does not introduce a new W=1 GCC warning here on
x86 because FIRST_USER_ADDRESS is 0, and GCC think the code is dumb because
"random_vaddr" is unsigned,

In file included from ./arch/x86/include/asm/bug.h:83,
                 from ./include/linux/bug.h:5,
                 from ./include/linux/mmdebug.h:5,
                 from ./include/linux/gfp.h:5,
                 from mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c:13:
mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c: In function ‘get_random_vaddr’:
mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c:359:23: warning: comparison of unsigned expression < 0 is
always false [-Wtype-limits]
  WARN_ON(random_vaddr < FIRST_USER_ADDRESS);
                       ^
./include/asm-generic/bug.h:113:25: note: in definition of macro ‘WARN_ON’
  int __ret_warn_on = !!(condition);    \
                         ^~~~~~~~~
Anshuman Khandual Oct. 16, 2019, 9:54 a.m. UTC | #4
On 10/15/2019 11:39 PM, Qian Cai wrote:
> On Tue, 2019-10-15 at 14:51 +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> +static unsigned long __init get_random_vaddr(void)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long random_vaddr, random_pages, total_user_pages;
>> +
>> +	total_user_pages = (TASK_SIZE - FIRST_USER_ADDRESS) / PAGE_SIZE;
>> +
>> +	random_pages = get_random_long() % total_user_pages;
>> +	random_vaddr = FIRST_USER_ADDRESS + random_pages * PAGE_SIZE;
>> +
>> +	WARN_ON(random_vaddr > TASK_SIZE);
>> +	WARN_ON(random_vaddr < FIRST_USER_ADDRESS);
> 
> It would be nice if this patch does not introduce a new W=1 GCC warning here on
> x86 because FIRST_USER_ADDRESS is 0, and GCC think the code is dumb because
> "random_vaddr" is unsigned,
> 
> In file included from ./arch/x86/include/asm/bug.h:83,
>                  from ./include/linux/bug.h:5,
>                  from ./include/linux/mmdebug.h:5,
>                  from ./include/linux/gfp.h:5,
>                  from mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c:13:
> mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c: In function ‘get_random_vaddr’:
> mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c:359:23: warning: comparison of unsigned expression < 0 is
> always false [-Wtype-limits]
>   WARN_ON(random_vaddr < FIRST_USER_ADDRESS);
>                        ^
> ./include/asm-generic/bug.h:113:25: note: in definition of macro ‘WARN_ON’
>   int __ret_warn_on = !!(condition);    \
>                          ^~~~~~~~~

The test checks against an erroneous unsigned long overflow when
FIRST_USER_ADDRESS is not 0 but a positive number. Wondering if
the compiler will still complain if we merge both the WARN_ON()
checks as || on a single statement.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt b/Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d6b8185dcf1e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@ 
+#
+# Feature name:          debug-vm-pgtable
+#         Kconfig:       ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+#         description:   arch supports pgtable tests for semantics compliance
+#
+    -----------------------
+    |         arch |status|
+    -----------------------
+    |       alpha: | TODO |
+    |         arc: | TODO |
+    |         arm: | TODO |
+    |       arm64: |  ok  |
+    |         c6x: | TODO |
+    |        csky: | TODO |
+    |       h8300: | TODO |
+    |     hexagon: | TODO |
+    |        ia64: | TODO |
+    |        m68k: | TODO |
+    |  microblaze: | TODO |
+    |        mips: | TODO |
+    |       nds32: | TODO |
+    |       nios2: | TODO |
+    |    openrisc: | TODO |
+    |      parisc: | TODO |
+    |     powerpc: | TODO |
+    |       riscv: | TODO |
+    |        s390: | TODO |
+    |          sh: | TODO |
+    |       sparc: | TODO |
+    |          um: | TODO |
+    |   unicore32: | TODO |
+    |         x86: |  ok  |
+    |      xtensa: | TODO |
+    -----------------------
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 950a56b71ff0..8a3b3eaa49e9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@  config ARM64
 	select ACPI_PPTT if ACPI
 	select ARCH_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA
 	select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
+	select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
 	select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
 	select ARCH_HAS_DMA_COHERENT_TO_PFN
 	select ARCH_HAS_DMA_PREP_COHERENT
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index abe822d52167..13c9bd950256 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@  config X86
 	select ARCH_CLOCKSOURCE_INIT
 	select ARCH_HAS_ACPI_TABLE_UPGRADE	if ACPI
 	select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
+	select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
 	select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
 	select ARCH_HAS_ELF_RANDOMIZE
 	select ARCH_HAS_FAST_MULTIPLIER
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
index 0b6c4042942a..fb0e76d254b3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
@@ -53,6 +53,12 @@  static inline void sync_initial_page_table(void) { }
 
 struct mm_struct;
 
+#define mm_p4d_folded mm_p4d_folded
+static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	return !pgtable_l5_enabled();
+}
+
 void set_pte_vaddr_p4d(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte);
 void set_pte_vaddr_pud(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte);
 
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h b/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
index 818691846c90..7f97b7a4a9e2 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
@@ -1157,6 +1157,12 @@  static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void)
 # define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC PAGE_KERNEL
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+extern void debug_vm_pgtable(void);
+#else
+static inline void debug_vm_pgtable(void) { }
+#endif
+
 #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
 
 #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 91f6ebb30ef0..676d8020dd29 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -1177,6 +1177,7 @@  static noinline void __init kernel_init_freeable(void)
 	workqueue_init();
 
 	init_mm_internals();
+	debug_vm_pgtable();
 
 	do_pre_smp_initcalls();
 	lockup_detector_init();
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index cb1fc48e61e3..b9b8fe1e2180 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -698,6 +698,27 @@  config DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS
 
 	  If unsure, say N.
 
+config ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+	bool
+	help
+	  An architecture should select this when it can successfully
+	  build and run DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE.
+
+config DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+	bool "Debug arch page table for semantics compliance"
+	depends on MMU
+	depends on DEBUG_VM
+	depends on ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+	help
+	  This option provides a debug method which can be used to test
+	  architecture page table helper functions on various platforms in
+	  verifying if they comply with expected generic MM semantics. This
+	  will help architecture code in making sure that any changes or
+	  new additions of these helpers still conform to expected
+	  semantics of the generic MM.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 config ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
 	bool
 
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index d996846697ef..2f085b971d34 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -86,6 +86,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_HWPOISON_INJECT) += hwpoison-inject.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK) += kmemleak.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK_TEST) += kmemleak-test.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA_TEST) += rodata_test.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE) += debug_vm_pgtable.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER) += page_owner.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CLEANCACHE) += cleancache.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION) += page_isolation.o
diff --git a/mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c b/mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..24da76d8b343
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c
@@ -0,0 +1,450 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * This kernel module validates architecture page table helpers &
+ * accessors and helps in verifying their continued compliance with
+ * generic MM semantics.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * Author: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
+ */
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "arch_pgtable_test: %s " fmt, __func__
+
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kconfig.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+/*
+ * Basic operations
+ *
+ * mkold(entry)			= An old and not a young entry
+ * mkyoung(entry)		= A young and not an old entry
+ * mkdirty(entry)		= A dirty and not a clean entry
+ * mkclean(entry)		= A clean and not a dirty entry
+ * mkwrite(entry)		= A write and not a write protected entry
+ * wrprotect(entry)		= A write protected and not a write entry
+ * pxx_bad(entry)		= A mapped and non-table entry
+ * pxx_same(entry1, entry2)	= Both entries hold the exact same value
+ */
+#define VMFLAGS	(VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC)
+
+/*
+ * On s390 platform, the lower 12 bits are used to identify given page table
+ * entry type and for other arch specific requirements. But these bits might
+ * affect the ability to clear entries with pxx_clear(). So while loading up
+ * the entries skip all lower 12 bits in order to accommodate s390 platform.
+ * It does not have affect any other platform.
+ */
+#define RANDOM_ORVALUE	(0xfffffffffffff000UL)
+#define RANDOM_NZVALUE	(0xff)
+
+static bool pud_aligned __initdata;
+static bool pmd_aligned __initdata;
+
+static void __init pte_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pte_t pte = mk_pte(page, prot);
+
+	WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, pte));
+	WARN_ON(!pte_young(pte_mkyoung(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(!pte_dirty(pte_mkdirty(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(!pte_write(pte_mkwrite(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(pte_young(pte_mkold(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(pte_dirty(pte_mkclean(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(pte_write(pte_wrprotect(pte)));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+static void __init pmd_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pmd_t pmd;
+
+	/*
+	 * Memory block here must be PMD_SIZE aligned. Abort this
+	 * test in case we could not allocate such a memory block.
+	 */
+	if (!pmd_aligned) {
+		pr_warn("Could not proceed with PMD tests\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	pmd = mk_pmd(page, prot);
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_same(pmd, pmd));
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_young(pmd_mkyoung(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_dirty(pmd_mkdirty(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_write(pmd_mkwrite(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(pmd_young(pmd_mkold(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(pmd_dirty(pmd_mkclean(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(pmd_write(pmd_wrprotect(pmd)));
+	/*
+	 * A huge page does not point to next level page table
+	 * entry. Hence this must qualify as pmd_bad().
+	 */
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_bad(pmd_mkhuge(pmd)));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pmd_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { }
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD
+static void __init pud_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pud_t pud;
+
+	/*
+	 * Memory block here must be PUD_SIZE aligned. Abort this
+	 * test in case we could not allocate such a memory block.
+	 */
+	if (!pud_aligned) {
+		pr_warn("Could not proceed with PUD tests\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	pud = pfn_pud(page_to_pfn(page), prot);
+	WARN_ON(!pud_same(pud, pud));
+	WARN_ON(!pud_young(pud_mkyoung(pud)));
+	WARN_ON(!pud_write(pud_mkwrite(pud)));
+	WARN_ON(pud_write(pud_wrprotect(pud)));
+	WARN_ON(pud_young(pud_mkold(pud)));
+
+	if (mm_pmd_folded(mm) || __is_defined(ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * A huge page does not point to next level page table
+	 * entry. Hence this must qualify as pud_bad().
+	 */
+	WARN_ON(!pud_bad(pud_mkhuge(pud)));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pud_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { }
+#endif
+
+static void __init p4d_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	p4d_t p4d;
+
+	memset(&p4d, RANDOM_NZVALUE, sizeof(p4d_t));
+	WARN_ON(!p4d_same(p4d, p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pgd_t pgd;
+
+	memset(&pgd, RANDOM_NZVALUE, sizeof(pgd_t));
+	WARN_ON(!pgd_same(pgd, pgd));
+}
+
+#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK
+static void __init pud_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp)
+{
+	pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+
+	if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	pud = __pud(pud_val(pud) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*pudp, pud);
+	pud_clear(pudp);
+	pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+	WARN_ON(!pud_none(pud));
+}
+
+static void __init pud_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp,
+				      pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+	pud_t pud;
+
+	if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
+		return;
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as pud_bad().
+	 */
+	pmd_clear(pmdp);
+	pud_clear(pudp);
+	pud_populate(mm, pudp, pmdp);
+	pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+	WARN_ON(pud_bad(pud));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pud_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp) { }
+static void __init pud_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp,
+				      pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_5LEVEL_HACK
+static void __init p4d_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+	p4d_t p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+
+	if (mm_pud_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	p4d = __p4d(p4d_val(p4d) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d);
+	p4d_clear(p4dp);
+	p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+	WARN_ON(!p4d_none(p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init p4d_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp,
+				      pud_t *pudp)
+{
+	p4d_t p4d;
+
+	if (mm_pud_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as p4d_bad().
+	 */
+	pud_clear(pudp);
+	p4d_clear(p4dp);
+	p4d_populate(mm, p4dp, pudp);
+	p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+	WARN_ON(p4d_bad(p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp)
+{
+	pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+
+	if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	pgd = __pgd(pgd_val(pgd) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*pgdp, pgd);
+	pgd_clear(pgdp);
+	pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+	WARN_ON(!pgd_none(pgd));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp,
+				      p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+	pgd_t pgd;
+
+	if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as pgd_bad().
+	 */
+	p4d_clear(p4dp);
+	pgd_clear(pgdp);
+	pgd_populate(mm, pgdp, p4dp);
+	pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+	WARN_ON(pgd_bad(pgd));
+}
+#else
+static void __init p4d_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp) { }
+static void __init pgd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp) { }
+static void __init p4d_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp,
+				      pud_t *pudp)
+{
+}
+static void __init pgd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp,
+				      p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+static void __init pte_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep)
+{
+	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
+
+	pte = __pte(pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*ptep, pte);
+	pte_clear(mm, 0, ptep);
+	pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
+	WARN_ON(!pte_none(pte));
+}
+
+static void __init pmd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+	pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+
+	pmd = __pmd(pmd_val(pmd) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd);
+	pmd_clear(pmdp);
+	pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_none(pmd));
+}
+
+static void __init pmd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp,
+				      pgtable_t pgtable)
+{
+	pmd_t pmd;
+
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as pmd_bad().
+	 */
+	pmd_clear(pmdp);
+	pmd_populate(mm, pmdp, pgtable);
+	pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+	WARN_ON(pmd_bad(pmd));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC
+static struct page * __init alloc_pud_page(gfp_t gfp_mask)
+{
+	return alloc_gigantic_page_order(get_order(PUD_SIZE), gfp_mask,
+				first_memory_node, &node_states[N_MEMORY]);
+}
+#else
+static struct page * __init alloc_pud_page(gfp_t pfp_mask)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+#endif
+
+static struct page * __init alloc_mapped_page(void)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+	gfp_t gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO;
+
+	page = alloc_pud_page(gfp_mask);
+	if (page) {
+		pud_aligned = true;
+		pmd_aligned = true;
+		return page;
+	}
+
+	page = alloc_pages(gfp_mask, get_order(PMD_SIZE));
+	if (page) {
+		pmd_aligned = true;
+		return page;
+	}
+	return alloc_page(gfp_mask);
+}
+
+static void __init free_mapped_page(struct page *page)
+{
+	if (pud_aligned) {
+		unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+
+		free_contig_range(pfn, 1ULL << get_order(PUD_SIZE));
+		return;
+	}
+
+	if (pmd_aligned) {
+		int order = get_order(PMD_SIZE);
+
+		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
+		return;
+	}
+	free_page((unsigned long)page_address(page));
+}
+
+static unsigned long __init get_random_vaddr(void)
+{
+	unsigned long random_vaddr, random_pages, total_user_pages;
+
+	total_user_pages = (TASK_SIZE - FIRST_USER_ADDRESS) / PAGE_SIZE;
+
+	random_pages = get_random_long() % total_user_pages;
+	random_vaddr = FIRST_USER_ADDRESS + random_pages * PAGE_SIZE;
+
+	WARN_ON(random_vaddr > TASK_SIZE);
+	WARN_ON(random_vaddr < FIRST_USER_ADDRESS);
+	return random_vaddr;
+}
+
+void __init debug_vm_pgtable(void)
+{
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	struct page *page;
+	pgd_t *pgdp;
+	p4d_t *p4dp, *saved_p4dp;
+	pud_t *pudp, *saved_pudp;
+	pmd_t *pmdp, *saved_pmdp, pmd;
+	pte_t *ptep;
+	pgtable_t saved_ptep;
+	pgprot_t prot;
+	unsigned long vaddr;
+
+	prot = vm_get_page_prot(VMFLAGS);
+	vaddr = get_random_vaddr();
+	mm = mm_alloc();
+	if (!mm) {
+		pr_err("mm_struct allocation failed\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	page = alloc_mapped_page();
+	if (!page) {
+		pr_err("memory allocation failed\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, vaddr);
+	p4dp = p4d_alloc(mm, pgdp, vaddr);
+	pudp = pud_alloc(mm, p4dp, vaddr);
+	pmdp = pmd_alloc(mm, pudp, vaddr);
+	ptep = pte_alloc_map(mm, pmdp, vaddr);
+
+	/*
+	 * Save all the page table page addresses as the page table
+	 * entries will be used for testing with random or garbage
+	 * values. These saved addresses will be used for freeing
+	 * page table pages.
+	 */
+	pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+	saved_p4dp = p4d_offset(pgdp, 0UL);
+	saved_pudp = pud_offset(p4dp, 0UL);
+	saved_pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, 0UL);
+	saved_ptep = pmd_pgtable(pmd);
+
+	pte_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	pmd_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	pud_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	p4d_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	pgd_basic_tests(page, prot);
+
+	pte_clear_tests(mm, ptep);
+	pmd_clear_tests(mm, pmdp);
+	pud_clear_tests(mm, pudp);
+	p4d_clear_tests(mm, p4dp);
+	pgd_clear_tests(mm, pgdp);
+
+	pte_unmap(ptep);
+
+	pmd_populate_tests(mm, pmdp, saved_ptep);
+	pud_populate_tests(mm, pudp, saved_pmdp);
+	p4d_populate_tests(mm, p4dp, saved_pudp);
+	pgd_populate_tests(mm, pgdp, saved_p4dp);
+
+	p4d_free(mm, saved_p4dp);
+	pud_free(mm, saved_pudp);
+	pmd_free(mm, saved_pmdp);
+	pte_free(mm, saved_ptep);
+
+	mm_dec_nr_puds(mm);
+	mm_dec_nr_pmds(mm);
+	mm_dec_nr_ptes(mm);
+	__mmdrop(mm);
+
+	free_mapped_page(page);
+}