[1/3] PM / Domains: Introduce dev_pm_domain_start()
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Message ID 20191016131603.15784-1-ulf.hansson@linaro.org
State Awaiting Upstream
Delegated to: Rafael Wysocki
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  • [1/3] PM / Domains: Introduce dev_pm_domain_start()
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Commit Message

Ulf Hansson Oct. 16, 2019, 1:16 p.m. UTC
For a subsystem/driver that either doesn't support runtime PM or makes use
of pm_runtime_set_active() during ->probe(), may try to access its device
when probing, even if it may not be fully powered on from the PM domain's
point of view. This may be the case when the used PM domain is a genpd
provider, that implements genpd's ->start|stop() device callbacks.

There are cases where the subsystem/driver managed to avoid the above
problem, simply by calling pm_runtime_enable() and pm_runtime_get_sync()
during ->probe(). However, this approach comes with a drawback, especially
if the subsystem/driver implements a ->runtime_resume() callback.

More precisely, the subsystem/driver then needs to use a device flag, which
is checked in its ->runtime_resume() callback, as to avoid powering on its
resources the first time the callback is invoked. This is needed because
the subsystem/driver has already powered on the resources for the device,
during ->probe() and before it called pm_runtime_get_sync().

In a way to avoid this boilerplate code and the inefficient check for "if
(first_time_suspend)" in the ->runtime_resume() callback for these
subsystems/drivers, let's introduce and export a dev_pm_domain_start()
function, that may be called during ->probe() instead.

Moreover, let the dev_pm_domain_start() invoke an optional ->start()
callback, added to the struct dev_pm_domain, as to allow a PM domain
specific implementation.

Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/base/power/common.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/pm.h          |  2 ++
 include/linux/pm_domain.h   |  5 +++++
 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+)

Comments

Rafael J. Wysocki Nov. 13, 2019, 11:04 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wednesday, October 16, 2019 3:16:03 PM CET Ulf Hansson wrote:
> For a subsystem/driver that either doesn't support runtime PM or makes use
> of pm_runtime_set_active() during ->probe(), may try to access its device
> when probing, even if it may not be fully powered on from the PM domain's
> point of view. This may be the case when the used PM domain is a genpd
> provider, that implements genpd's ->start|stop() device callbacks.
> 
> There are cases where the subsystem/driver managed to avoid the above
> problem, simply by calling pm_runtime_enable() and pm_runtime_get_sync()
> during ->probe(). However, this approach comes with a drawback, especially
> if the subsystem/driver implements a ->runtime_resume() callback.
> 
> More precisely, the subsystem/driver then needs to use a device flag, which
> is checked in its ->runtime_resume() callback, as to avoid powering on its
> resources the first time the callback is invoked. This is needed because
> the subsystem/driver has already powered on the resources for the device,
> during ->probe() and before it called pm_runtime_get_sync().
> 
> In a way to avoid this boilerplate code and the inefficient check for "if
> (first_time_suspend)" in the ->runtime_resume() callback for these
> subsystems/drivers, let's introduce and export a dev_pm_domain_start()
> function, that may be called during ->probe() instead.
> 
> Moreover, let the dev_pm_domain_start() invoke an optional ->start()
> callback, added to the struct dev_pm_domain, as to allow a PM domain
> specific implementation.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> ---
>  drivers/base/power/common.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/pm.h          |  2 ++
>  include/linux/pm_domain.h   |  5 +++++
>  3 files changed, 27 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/base/power/common.c b/drivers/base/power/common.c
> index 8db98a1f83dc..bbddb267c2e6 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/power/common.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/power/common.c
> @@ -187,6 +187,26 @@ void dev_pm_domain_detach(struct device *dev, bool power_off)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_domain_detach);
>  
> +/**
> + * dev_pm_domain_start - Start the device through its PM domain.
> + * @dev: Device to start.
> + *
> + * This function should typically be called during probe by a subsystem/driver,
> + * when it needs to start its device from the PM domain's perspective. Note
> + * that, it's assumed that the PM domain is already powered on when this
> + * function is called.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success and negative error values on failures.
> + */
> +int dev_pm_domain_start(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	if (dev->pm_domain && dev->pm_domain->start)
> +		return dev->pm_domain->start(dev);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_domain_start);
> +
>  /**
>   * dev_pm_domain_set - Set PM domain of a device.
>   * @dev: Device whose PM domain is to be set.
> diff --git a/include/linux/pm.h b/include/linux/pm.h
> index 4c441be03079..e057d1fa2469 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pm.h
> @@ -637,6 +637,7 @@ extern void dev_pm_put_subsys_data(struct device *dev);
>   * struct dev_pm_domain - power management domain representation.
>   *
>   * @ops: Power management operations associated with this domain.
> + * @start: Called when a user needs to start the device via the domain.
>   * @detach: Called when removing a device from the domain.
>   * @activate: Called before executing probe routines for bus types and drivers.
>   * @sync: Called after successful driver probe.
> @@ -648,6 +649,7 @@ extern void dev_pm_put_subsys_data(struct device *dev);
>   */
>  struct dev_pm_domain {
>  	struct dev_pm_ops	ops;
> +	int (*start)(struct device *dev);
>  	void (*detach)(struct device *dev, bool power_off);
>  	int (*activate)(struct device *dev);
>  	void (*sync)(struct device *dev);
> diff --git a/include/linux/pm_domain.h b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> index baf02ff91a31..5a31c711b896 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> @@ -366,6 +366,7 @@ struct device *dev_pm_domain_attach_by_id(struct device *dev,
>  struct device *dev_pm_domain_attach_by_name(struct device *dev,
>  					    const char *name);
>  void dev_pm_domain_detach(struct device *dev, bool power_off);
> +int dev_pm_domain_start(struct device *dev);
>  void dev_pm_domain_set(struct device *dev, struct dev_pm_domain *pd);
>  #else
>  static inline int dev_pm_domain_attach(struct device *dev, bool power_on)
> @@ -383,6 +384,10 @@ static inline struct device *dev_pm_domain_attach_by_name(struct device *dev,
>  	return NULL;
>  }
>  static inline void dev_pm_domain_detach(struct device *dev, bool power_off) {}
> +static inline int dev_pm_domain_start(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	return 0;
> +}
>  static inline void dev_pm_domain_set(struct device *dev,
>  				     struct dev_pm_domain *pd) {}
>  #endif
> 

Applying this patch and the rest of the series for 5.5 (sorry for the delay).

Thanks!

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/base/power/common.c b/drivers/base/power/common.c
index 8db98a1f83dc..bbddb267c2e6 100644
--- a/drivers/base/power/common.c
+++ b/drivers/base/power/common.c
@@ -187,6 +187,26 @@  void dev_pm_domain_detach(struct device *dev, bool power_off)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_domain_detach);
 
+/**
+ * dev_pm_domain_start - Start the device through its PM domain.
+ * @dev: Device to start.
+ *
+ * This function should typically be called during probe by a subsystem/driver,
+ * when it needs to start its device from the PM domain's perspective. Note
+ * that, it's assumed that the PM domain is already powered on when this
+ * function is called.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success and negative error values on failures.
+ */
+int dev_pm_domain_start(struct device *dev)
+{
+	if (dev->pm_domain && dev->pm_domain->start)
+		return dev->pm_domain->start(dev);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pm_domain_start);
+
 /**
  * dev_pm_domain_set - Set PM domain of a device.
  * @dev: Device whose PM domain is to be set.
diff --git a/include/linux/pm.h b/include/linux/pm.h
index 4c441be03079..e057d1fa2469 100644
--- a/include/linux/pm.h
+++ b/include/linux/pm.h
@@ -637,6 +637,7 @@  extern void dev_pm_put_subsys_data(struct device *dev);
  * struct dev_pm_domain - power management domain representation.
  *
  * @ops: Power management operations associated with this domain.
+ * @start: Called when a user needs to start the device via the domain.
  * @detach: Called when removing a device from the domain.
  * @activate: Called before executing probe routines for bus types and drivers.
  * @sync: Called after successful driver probe.
@@ -648,6 +649,7 @@  extern void dev_pm_put_subsys_data(struct device *dev);
  */
 struct dev_pm_domain {
 	struct dev_pm_ops	ops;
+	int (*start)(struct device *dev);
 	void (*detach)(struct device *dev, bool power_off);
 	int (*activate)(struct device *dev);
 	void (*sync)(struct device *dev);
diff --git a/include/linux/pm_domain.h b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
index baf02ff91a31..5a31c711b896 100644
--- a/include/linux/pm_domain.h
+++ b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
@@ -366,6 +366,7 @@  struct device *dev_pm_domain_attach_by_id(struct device *dev,
 struct device *dev_pm_domain_attach_by_name(struct device *dev,
 					    const char *name);
 void dev_pm_domain_detach(struct device *dev, bool power_off);
+int dev_pm_domain_start(struct device *dev);
 void dev_pm_domain_set(struct device *dev, struct dev_pm_domain *pd);
 #else
 static inline int dev_pm_domain_attach(struct device *dev, bool power_on)
@@ -383,6 +384,10 @@  static inline struct device *dev_pm_domain_attach_by_name(struct device *dev,
 	return NULL;
 }
 static inline void dev_pm_domain_detach(struct device *dev, bool power_off) {}
+static inline int dev_pm_domain_start(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
 static inline void dev_pm_domain_set(struct device *dev,
 				     struct dev_pm_domain *pd) {}
 #endif