[v7,10/10] arm64: Retrieve stolen time as paravirtualized guest
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191021152823.14882-11-steven.price@arm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • arm64: Stolen time support
Related show

Commit Message

Steven Price Oct. 21, 2019, 3:28 p.m. UTC
Enable paravirtualization features when running under a hypervisor
supporting the PV_TIME_ST hypercall.

For each (v)CPU, we ask the hypervisor for the location of a shared
page which the hypervisor will use to report stolen time to us. We set
pv_time_ops to the stolen time function which simply reads the stolen
value from the shared page for a VCPU. We guarantee single-copy
atomicity using READ_ONCE which means we can also read the stolen
time for another VCPU than the currently running one while it is
potentially being updated by the hypervisor.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
---
 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         |   6 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h             |   9 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c                  | 140 ++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/time.c                      |   3 +
 include/linux/cpuhotplug.h                    |   1 +
 5 files changed, 155 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Comments

Catalin Marinas Oct. 25, 2019, 3:57 p.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Oct 21, 2019 at 04:28:23PM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> Enable paravirtualization features when running under a hypervisor
> supporting the PV_TIME_ST hypercall.
> 
> For each (v)CPU, we ask the hypervisor for the location of a shared
> page which the hypervisor will use to report stolen time to us. We set
> pv_time_ops to the stolen time function which simply reads the stolen
> value from the shared page for a VCPU. We guarantee single-copy
> atomicity using READ_ONCE which means we can also read the stolen
> time for another VCPU than the currently running one while it is
> potentially being updated by the hypervisor.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>

Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index a84a83f8881e..19f465530e86 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3083,9 +3083,9 @@ 
 			[X86,PV_OPS] Disable paravirtualized VMware scheduler
 			clock and use the default one.
 
-	no-steal-acc	[X86,KVM] Disable paravirtualized steal time accounting.
-			steal time is computed, but won't influence scheduler
-			behaviour
+	no-steal-acc	[X86,KVM,ARM64] Disable paravirtualized steal time
+			accounting. steal time is computed, but won't
+			influence scheduler behaviour
 
 	nolapic		[X86-32,APIC] Do not enable or use the local APIC.
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
index 799d9dd6f7cc..cf3a0fd7c1a7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
@@ -21,6 +21,13 @@  static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu)
 {
 	return pv_ops.time.steal_clock(cpu);
 }
-#endif
+
+int __init pv_time_init(void);
+
+#else
+
+#define pv_time_init() do {} while (0)
+
+#endif // CONFIG_PARAVIRT
 
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
index 4cfed91fe256..1ef702b0be2d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -6,13 +6,153 @@ 
  * Author: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com>
  */
 
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "arm-pv: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+#include <linux/cpuhotplug.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
 #include <linux/jump_label.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/psci.h>
+#include <linux/reboot.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
+
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/pvclock-abi.h>
+#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
 
 struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled;
 struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled;
 
 struct paravirt_patch_template pv_ops;
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_ops);
+
+struct pv_time_stolen_time_region {
+	struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time *kaddr;
+};
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pv_time_stolen_time_region, stolen_time_region);
+
+static bool steal_acc = true;
+static int __init parse_no_stealacc(char *arg)
+{
+	steal_acc = false;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("no-steal-acc", parse_no_stealacc);
+
+/* return stolen time in ns by asking the hypervisor */
+static u64 pv_steal_clock(int cpu)
+{
+	struct pv_time_stolen_time_region *reg;
+
+	reg = per_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region, cpu);
+	if (!reg->kaddr) {
+		pr_warn_once("stolen time enabled but not configured for cpu %d\n",
+			     cpu);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	return le64_to_cpu(READ_ONCE(reg->kaddr->stolen_time));
+}
+
+static int stolen_time_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	struct pv_time_stolen_time_region *reg;
+
+	reg = this_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region);
+	if (!reg->kaddr)
+		return 0;
+
+	memunmap(reg->kaddr);
+	memset(reg, 0, sizeof(*reg));
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int init_stolen_time_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+	struct pv_time_stolen_time_region *reg;
+	struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+	reg = this_cpu_ptr(&stolen_time_region);
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST, &res);
+
+	if (res.a0 == SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	reg->kaddr = memremap(res.a0,
+			      sizeof(struct pvclock_vcpu_stolen_time),
+			      MEMREMAP_WB);
+
+	if (!reg->kaddr) {
+		pr_warn("Failed to map stolen time data structure\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	if (le32_to_cpu(reg->kaddr->revision) != 0 ||
+	    le32_to_cpu(reg->kaddr->attributes) != 0) {
+		pr_warn_once("Unexpected revision or attributes in stolen time data\n");
+		return -ENXIO;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int pv_time_init_stolen_time(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVMPV_STARTING,
+				"hypervisor/arm/pvtime:starting",
+				init_stolen_time_cpu, stolen_time_dying_cpu);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool has_pv_steal_clock(void)
+{
+	struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+	/* To detect the presence of PV time support we require SMCCC 1.1+ */
+	if (psci_ops.smccc_version < SMCCC_VERSION_1_1)
+		return false;
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
+			     ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_FEATURES, &res);
+
+	if (res.a0 != SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS)
+		return false;
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_FEATURES,
+			     ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST, &res);
+
+	return (res.a0 == SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS);
+}
+
+int __init pv_time_init(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!has_pv_steal_clock())
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = pv_time_init_stolen_time();
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	pv_ops.time.steal_clock = pv_steal_clock;
+
+	static_key_slow_inc(&paravirt_steal_enabled);
+	if (steal_acc)
+		static_key_slow_inc(&paravirt_steal_rq_enabled);
+
+	pr_info("using stolen time PV\n");
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
index 0b2946414dc9..73f06d4b3aae 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/time.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ 
 
 #include <asm/thread_info.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
 
 unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
@@ -65,4 +66,6 @@  void __init time_init(void)
 
 	/* Calibrate the delay loop directly */
 	lpj_fine = arch_timer_rate / HZ;
+
+	pv_time_init();
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
index 068793a619ca..89d75edb5750 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
@@ -136,6 +136,7 @@  enum cpuhp_state {
 	/* Must be the last timer callback */
 	CPUHP_AP_DUMMY_TIMER_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_ARM_XEN_STARTING,
+	CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVMPV_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_ARM_CORESIGHT_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_ARM64_ISNDEP_STARTING,
 	CPUHP_AP_SMPCFD_DYING,