[v2,3/5] btrfs: access eb::blocking_writers according to ACCESS_ONCE policies
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Message ID 6a267daa889d9c5d0a8fc86e23fe25f845e2547d.1572432768.git.dsterba@suse.com
State New
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Series
  • Extent buffer locking and documentation
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Commit Message

David Sterba Oct. 30, 2019, 10:57 a.m. UTC
A nice writeup of the LKMM (Linux Kernel Memory Model) rules for access
once policies can be found here
https://lwn.net/Articles/799218/#Access-Marking%20Policies .

The locked and unlocked access to eb::blocking_writers should be
annotated accordingly, following this:

Writes:

- locked write must use ONCE, may use plain read
- unlocked write must use ONCE

Reads:

- unlocked read must use ONCE
- locked read may use plain read iff not mixed with unlocked read
- unlocked read then locked must use ONCE

There's one difference on the assembly level, where
btrfs_tree_read_lock_atomic and btrfs_try_tree_read_lock used the cached
value and did not reevaluate it after taking the lock. This could have
missed some opportunities to take the lock in case blocking writers
changed between the calls, but the window is just a few instructions
long. As this is in try-lock, the callers handle that.

Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/locking.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

Patch
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diff --git a/fs/btrfs/locking.c b/fs/btrfs/locking.c
index 00edf91c3d1c..4cd593a2f58c 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/locking.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/locking.c
@@ -109,7 +109,7 @@  void btrfs_set_lock_blocking_write(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 	if (eb->blocking_writers == 0) {
 		btrfs_assert_spinning_writers_put(eb);
 		btrfs_assert_tree_locked(eb);
-		eb->blocking_writers = 1;
+		WRITE_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers, 1);
 		write_unlock(&eb->lock);
 	}
 }
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@  void btrfs_tree_read_lock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 		}
 		read_unlock(&eb->lock);
 		wait_event(eb->write_lock_wq,
-			   eb->blocking_writers == 0);
+			   READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers) == 0);
 		goto again;
 	}
 	btrfs_assert_tree_read_locks_get(eb);
@@ -160,11 +160,12 @@  void btrfs_tree_read_lock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
  */
 int btrfs_tree_read_lock_atomic(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 {
-	if (eb->blocking_writers)
+	if (READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers))
 		return 0;
 
 	read_lock(&eb->lock);
-	if (eb->blocking_writers) {
+	/* Refetch value after lock */
+	if (READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers)) {
 		read_unlock(&eb->lock);
 		return 0;
 	}
@@ -180,13 +181,14 @@  int btrfs_tree_read_lock_atomic(struct extent_buffer *eb)
  */
 int btrfs_try_tree_read_lock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 {
-	if (eb->blocking_writers)
+	if (READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers))
 		return 0;
 
 	if (!read_trylock(&eb->lock))
 		return 0;
 
-	if (eb->blocking_writers) {
+	/* Refetch value after lock */
+	if (READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers)) {
 		read_unlock(&eb->lock);
 		return 0;
 	}
@@ -202,11 +204,12 @@  int btrfs_try_tree_read_lock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
  */
 int btrfs_try_tree_write_lock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 {
-	if (eb->blocking_writers || atomic_read(&eb->blocking_readers))
+	if (READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers) || atomic_read(&eb->blocking_readers))
 		return 0;
 
 	write_lock(&eb->lock);
-	if (eb->blocking_writers || atomic_read(&eb->blocking_readers)) {
+	/* Refetch value after lock */
+	if (READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers) || atomic_read(&eb->blocking_readers)) {
 		write_unlock(&eb->lock);
 		return 0;
 	}
@@ -277,9 +280,11 @@  void btrfs_tree_lock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 	WARN_ON(eb->lock_owner == current->pid);
 again:
 	wait_event(eb->read_lock_wq, atomic_read(&eb->blocking_readers) == 0);
-	wait_event(eb->write_lock_wq, eb->blocking_writers == 0);
+	wait_event(eb->write_lock_wq, READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers) == 0);
 	write_lock(&eb->lock);
-	if (atomic_read(&eb->blocking_readers) || eb->blocking_writers) {
+	/* Refetch value after lock */
+	if (atomic_read(&eb->blocking_readers) ||
+	    READ_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers)) {
 		write_unlock(&eb->lock);
 		goto again;
 	}
@@ -294,6 +299,10 @@  void btrfs_tree_lock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
  */
 void btrfs_tree_unlock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 {
+	/*
+	 * This is read both locked and unlocked but always by the same thread
+	 * that already owns the lock so we don't need to use READ_ONCE
+	 */
 	int blockers = eb->blocking_writers;
 
 	BUG_ON(blockers > 1);
@@ -305,7 +314,8 @@  void btrfs_tree_unlock(struct extent_buffer *eb)
 
 	if (blockers) {
 		btrfs_assert_no_spinning_writers(eb);
-		eb->blocking_writers = 0;
+		/* Unlocked write */
+		WRITE_ONCE(eb->blocking_writers, 0);
 		/*
 		 * We need to order modifying blocking_writers above with
 		 * actually waking up the sleepers to ensure they see the