[v4,03/17] arm64: kvm: stop treating register x18 as caller save
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191101221150.116536-4-samitolvanen@google.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • add support for Clang's Shadow Call Stack
Related show

Commit Message

Sami Tolvanen Nov. 1, 2019, 10:11 p.m. UTC
From: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

In preparation of reserving x18, stop treating it as caller save in
the KVM guest entry/exit code. Currently, the code assumes there is
no need to preserve it for the host, given that it would have been
assumed clobbered anyway by the function call to __guest_enter().
Instead, preserve its value and restore it upon return.

Link: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9836891/
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
[Sami: updated commit message, switched from x18 to x29 for the guest context]
Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S | 41 +++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

Comments

Marc Zyngier Nov. 4, 2019, 11:04 a.m. UTC | #1
Hi Sami,

On 2019-11-01 23:20, Sami Tolvanen wrote:
> From: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
>
> In preparation of reserving x18, stop treating it as caller save in
> the KVM guest entry/exit code. Currently, the code assumes there is
> no need to preserve it for the host, given that it would have been
> assumed clobbered anyway by the function call to __guest_enter().
> Instead, preserve its value and restore it upon return.
>
> Link: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9836891/
> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> [Sami: updated commit message, switched from x18 to x29 for the guest
> context]
> Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

If you intend for this to be merged via the arm64 tree, please add my

Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>

Thanks,

         M.
Mark Rutland Nov. 4, 2019, 11:51 a.m. UTC | #2
On Fri, Nov 01, 2019 at 03:11:36PM -0700, Sami Tolvanen wrote:
> From: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> 
> In preparation of reserving x18, stop treating it as caller save in
> the KVM guest entry/exit code. Currently, the code assumes there is
> no need to preserve it for the host, given that it would have been
> assumed clobbered anyway by the function call to __guest_enter().
> Instead, preserve its value and restore it upon return.
> 
> Link: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9836891/
> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> [Sami: updated commit message, switched from x18 to x29 for the guest context]
> Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S | 41 +++++++++++++++++++-------------------
>  1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
> index e5cc8d66bf53..c3c2d842c609 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
> @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
>  	.pushsection	.hyp.text, "ax"
>  

Could we please add a note here, e.g.

/*
 * We treat x18 as callee-saved as the host may use it as a platform
 * register (e.g. for shadow call stack).
 */

... as that will avoid anyone trying to optimize this away in future
after reading the AAPCS.

>  .macro save_callee_saved_regs ctxt
> +	str	x18,      [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
>  	stp	x19, x20, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(19)]
>  	stp	x21, x22, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(21)]
>  	stp	x23, x24, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(23)]
> @@ -32,6 +33,8 @@
>  .endm
>  
>  .macro restore_callee_saved_regs ctxt
> +	// We assume \ctxt is not x18-x28

Probably worth s/assume/require/ here.

Otherwise, this looks godo to me:

Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

Mark.

> +	ldr	x18,      [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
>  	ldp	x19, x20, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(19)]
>  	ldp	x21, x22, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(21)]
>  	ldp	x23, x24, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(23)]
> @@ -48,7 +51,7 @@ ENTRY(__guest_enter)
>  	// x0: vcpu
>  	// x1: host context
>  	// x2-x17: clobbered by macros
> -	// x18: guest context
> +	// x29: guest context
>  
>  	// Store the host regs
>  	save_callee_saved_regs x1
> @@ -67,31 +70,28 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
>  	ret
>  
>  1:
> -	add	x18, x0, #VCPU_CONTEXT
> +	add	x29, x0, #VCPU_CONTEXT
>  
>  	// Macro ptrauth_switch_to_guest format:
>  	// 	ptrauth_switch_to_guest(guest cxt, tmp1, tmp2, tmp3)
>  	// The below macro to restore guest keys is not implemented in C code
>  	// as it may cause Pointer Authentication key signing mismatch errors
>  	// when this feature is enabled for kernel code.
> -	ptrauth_switch_to_guest x18, x0, x1, x2
> +	ptrauth_switch_to_guest x29, x0, x1, x2
>  
>  	// Restore guest regs x0-x17
> -	ldp	x0, x1,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(0)]
> -	ldp	x2, x3,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(2)]
> -	ldp	x4, x5,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(4)]
> -	ldp	x6, x7,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(6)]
> -	ldp	x8, x9,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(8)]
> -	ldp	x10, x11, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(10)]
> -	ldp	x12, x13, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(12)]
> -	ldp	x14, x15, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(14)]
> -	ldp	x16, x17, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(16)]
> -
> -	// Restore guest regs x19-x29, lr
> -	restore_callee_saved_regs x18
> -
> -	// Restore guest reg x18
> -	ldr	x18,      [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
> +	ldp	x0, x1,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(0)]
> +	ldp	x2, x3,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(2)]
> +	ldp	x4, x5,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(4)]
> +	ldp	x6, x7,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(6)]
> +	ldp	x8, x9,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(8)]
> +	ldp	x10, x11, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(10)]
> +	ldp	x12, x13, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(12)]
> +	ldp	x14, x15, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(14)]
> +	ldp	x16, x17, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(16)]
> +
> +	// Restore guest regs x18-x29, lr
> +	restore_callee_saved_regs x29
>  
>  	// Do not touch any register after this!
>  	eret
> @@ -114,7 +114,7 @@ ENTRY(__guest_exit)
>  	// Retrieve the guest regs x0-x1 from the stack
>  	ldp	x2, x3, [sp], #16	// x0, x1
>  
> -	// Store the guest regs x0-x1 and x4-x18
> +	// Store the guest regs x0-x1 and x4-x17
>  	stp	x2, x3,   [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(0)]
>  	stp	x4, x5,   [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(4)]
>  	stp	x6, x7,   [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(6)]
> @@ -123,9 +123,8 @@ ENTRY(__guest_exit)
>  	stp	x12, x13, [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(12)]
>  	stp	x14, x15, [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(14)]
>  	stp	x16, x17, [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(16)]
> -	str	x18,      [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
>  
> -	// Store the guest regs x19-x29, lr
> +	// Store the guest regs x18-x29, lr
>  	save_callee_saved_regs x1
>  
>  	get_host_ctxt	x2, x3
> -- 
> 2.24.0.rc1.363.gb1bccd3e3d-goog
>
Marc Zyngier Nov. 4, 2019, 1:30 p.m. UTC | #3
On 2019-11-04 12:13, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> Hi Sami,
>
> On 2019-11-01 23:20, Sami Tolvanen wrote:
>> From: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
>>
>> In preparation of reserving x18, stop treating it as caller save in
>> the KVM guest entry/exit code. Currently, the code assumes there is
>> no need to preserve it for the host, given that it would have been
>> assumed clobbered anyway by the function call to __guest_enter().
>> Instead, preserve its value and restore it upon return.
>>
>> Link: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9836891/
>> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
>> [Sami: updated commit message, switched from x18 to x29 for the 
>> guest
>> context]
>> Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
>> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>
> If you intend for this to be merged via the arm64 tree, please add my
>
> Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>

Erm... Muscle memory strikes again. Please ignore the above and use the
following instead:

Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>

Thanks,

         M.
Sami Tolvanen Nov. 4, 2019, 9:44 p.m. UTC | #4
On Mon, Nov 4, 2019 at 3:51 AM Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> wrote:
> > --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
> > @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
> >       .pushsection    .hyp.text, "ax"
> >
>
> Could we please add a note here, e.g.
>
> /*
>  * We treat x18 as callee-saved as the host may use it as a platform
>  * register (e.g. for shadow call stack).
>  */
>
> ... as that will avoid anyone trying to optimize this away in future
> after reading the AAPCS.

Sure, that's a good idea.

> >  .macro restore_callee_saved_regs ctxt
> > +     // We assume \ctxt is not x18-x28
>
> Probably worth s/assume/require/ here.

Agreed, I'll change this in v5.

Sami

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
index e5cc8d66bf53..c3c2d842c609 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ 
 	.pushsection	.hyp.text, "ax"
 
 .macro save_callee_saved_regs ctxt
+	str	x18,      [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
 	stp	x19, x20, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(19)]
 	stp	x21, x22, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(21)]
 	stp	x23, x24, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(23)]
@@ -32,6 +33,8 @@ 
 .endm
 
 .macro restore_callee_saved_regs ctxt
+	// We assume \ctxt is not x18-x28
+	ldr	x18,      [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
 	ldp	x19, x20, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(19)]
 	ldp	x21, x22, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(21)]
 	ldp	x23, x24, [\ctxt, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(23)]
@@ -48,7 +51,7 @@  ENTRY(__guest_enter)
 	// x0: vcpu
 	// x1: host context
 	// x2-x17: clobbered by macros
-	// x18: guest context
+	// x29: guest context
 
 	// Store the host regs
 	save_callee_saved_regs x1
@@ -67,31 +70,28 @@  alternative_else_nop_endif
 	ret
 
 1:
-	add	x18, x0, #VCPU_CONTEXT
+	add	x29, x0, #VCPU_CONTEXT
 
 	// Macro ptrauth_switch_to_guest format:
 	// 	ptrauth_switch_to_guest(guest cxt, tmp1, tmp2, tmp3)
 	// The below macro to restore guest keys is not implemented in C code
 	// as it may cause Pointer Authentication key signing mismatch errors
 	// when this feature is enabled for kernel code.
-	ptrauth_switch_to_guest x18, x0, x1, x2
+	ptrauth_switch_to_guest x29, x0, x1, x2
 
 	// Restore guest regs x0-x17
-	ldp	x0, x1,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(0)]
-	ldp	x2, x3,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(2)]
-	ldp	x4, x5,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(4)]
-	ldp	x6, x7,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(6)]
-	ldp	x8, x9,   [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(8)]
-	ldp	x10, x11, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(10)]
-	ldp	x12, x13, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(12)]
-	ldp	x14, x15, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(14)]
-	ldp	x16, x17, [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(16)]
-
-	// Restore guest regs x19-x29, lr
-	restore_callee_saved_regs x18
-
-	// Restore guest reg x18
-	ldr	x18,      [x18, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
+	ldp	x0, x1,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(0)]
+	ldp	x2, x3,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(2)]
+	ldp	x4, x5,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(4)]
+	ldp	x6, x7,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(6)]
+	ldp	x8, x9,   [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(8)]
+	ldp	x10, x11, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(10)]
+	ldp	x12, x13, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(12)]
+	ldp	x14, x15, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(14)]
+	ldp	x16, x17, [x29, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(16)]
+
+	// Restore guest regs x18-x29, lr
+	restore_callee_saved_regs x29
 
 	// Do not touch any register after this!
 	eret
@@ -114,7 +114,7 @@  ENTRY(__guest_exit)
 	// Retrieve the guest regs x0-x1 from the stack
 	ldp	x2, x3, [sp], #16	// x0, x1
 
-	// Store the guest regs x0-x1 and x4-x18
+	// Store the guest regs x0-x1 and x4-x17
 	stp	x2, x3,   [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(0)]
 	stp	x4, x5,   [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(4)]
 	stp	x6, x7,   [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(6)]
@@ -123,9 +123,8 @@  ENTRY(__guest_exit)
 	stp	x12, x13, [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(12)]
 	stp	x14, x15, [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(14)]
 	stp	x16, x17, [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(16)]
-	str	x18,      [x1, #CPU_XREG_OFFSET(18)]
 
-	// Store the guest regs x19-x29, lr
+	// Store the guest regs x18-x29, lr
 	save_callee_saved_regs x1
 
 	get_host_ctxt	x2, x3