[v5,6/9] built-in add -i: show unique prefixes of the commands
diff mbox series

Message ID 57fdc01463b5fe1637dcfa4b027bde8e99f7fe86.1572869730.git.gitgitgadget@gmail.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • git add -i: add a rudimentary version in C (supporting only status and help so far)
Related show

Commit Message

Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget Nov. 4, 2019, 12:15 p.m. UTC
From: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>

Just like in the Perl script `git-add--interactive.perl`, for each
command a unique prefix is determined (if there exists any within the
given parameters), and shown in the list, and accepted as a shortcut for
the command.

To determine the unique prefixes, as well as to look up the command in
question, we use a copy of the list and sort it.

While this might seem like overkill for a single command, it will make
much more sense when all the commands are implemented, and when we reuse
the same logic to present a list of files to edit, with convenient
unique prefixes.

At the start of the development of this patch series, a dedicated data
structure was introduced that imitated the Trie that the Perl version
implements. However, this was deemed overkill, and we now simply sort
the list before determining the length of the unique prefixes by looking
at each item's neighbor. As a bonus, we now use the same sorted list to
perform a binary search using the user-provided prefix as search key.

Original-patch-by: Slavica Đukić <slawica92@hotmail.com>
Helped-by: SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>
---
 add-interactive.c | 188 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 177 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/add-interactive.c b/add-interactive.c
index c6f7fbad36..eb559555ad 100644
--- a/add-interactive.c
+++ b/add-interactive.c
@@ -45,6 +45,132 @@  static void init_add_i_state(struct add_i_state *s, struct repository *r)
 	init_color(r, s, "header", s->header_color, GIT_COLOR_BOLD);
 }
 
+/*
+ * A "prefix item list" is a list of items that are identified by a string, and
+ * a unique prefix (if any) is determined for each item.
+ *
+ * It is implemented in the form of a pair of `string_list`s, the first one
+ * duplicating the strings, with the `util` field pointing at a structure whose
+ * first field must be `size_t prefix_length`.
+ *
+ * That `prefix_length` field will be computed by `find_unique_prefixes()`; It
+ * will be set to zero if no valid, unique prefix could be found.
+ *
+ * The second `string_list` is called `sorted` and does _not_ duplicate the
+ * strings but simply reuses the first one's, with the `util` field pointing at
+ * the `string_item_list` of the first `string_list`. It  will be populated and
+ * sorted by `find_unique_prefixes()`.
+ */
+struct prefix_item_list {
+	struct string_list items;
+	struct string_list sorted;
+	size_t min_length, max_length;
+};
+#define PREFIX_ITEM_LIST_INIT \
+	{ STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP, STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP, 1, 4 }
+
+static void prefix_item_list_clear(struct prefix_item_list *list)
+{
+	string_list_clear(&list->items, 1);
+	string_list_clear(&list->sorted, 0);
+}
+
+static void extend_prefix_length(struct string_list_item *p,
+				 const char *other_string, size_t max_length)
+{
+	size_t *len = p->util;
+
+	if (!*len || memcmp(p->string, other_string, *len))
+		return;
+
+	for (;;) {
+		char c = p->string[*len];
+
+		/*
+		 * Is `p` a strict prefix of `other`? Or have we exhausted the
+		 * maximal length of the prefix? Or is the current character a
+		 * multi-byte UTF-8 one? If so, there is no valid, unique
+		 * prefix.
+		 */
+		if (!c || ++*len > max_length || !isascii(c)) {
+			*len = 0;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		if (c != other_string[*len - 1])
+			break;
+	}
+}
+
+static void find_unique_prefixes(struct prefix_item_list *list)
+{
+	size_t i;
+
+	if (list->sorted.nr == list->items.nr)
+		return;
+
+	string_list_clear(&list->sorted, 0);
+	/* Avoid reallocating incrementally */
+	list->sorted.items = xmalloc(st_mult(sizeof(*list->sorted.items),
+					     list->items.nr));
+	list->sorted.nr = list->sorted.alloc = list->items.nr;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < list->items.nr; i++) {
+		list->sorted.items[i].string = list->items.items[i].string;
+		list->sorted.items[i].util = list->items.items + i;
+	}
+
+	string_list_sort(&list->sorted);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < list->sorted.nr; i++) {
+		struct string_list_item *sorted_item = list->sorted.items + i;
+		struct string_list_item *item = sorted_item->util;
+		size_t *len = item->util;
+
+		*len = 0;
+		while (*len < list->min_length) {
+			char c = item->string[(*len)++];
+
+			if (!c || !isascii(c)) {
+				*len = 0;
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+
+		if (i > 0)
+			extend_prefix_length(item, sorted_item[-1].string,
+					     list->max_length);
+		if (i + 1 < list->sorted.nr)
+			extend_prefix_length(item, sorted_item[1].string,
+					     list->max_length);
+	}
+}
+
+static ssize_t find_unique(const char *string, struct prefix_item_list *list)
+{
+	int index = string_list_find_insert_index(&list->sorted, string, 1);
+	struct string_list_item *item;
+
+	if (list->items.nr != list->sorted.nr)
+		BUG("prefix_item_list in inconsistent state (%"PRIuMAX
+		    " vs %"PRIuMAX")",
+		    (uintmax_t)list->items.nr, (uintmax_t)list->sorted.nr);
+
+	if (index < 0)
+		item = list->sorted.items[-1 - index].util;
+	else if (index > 0 &&
+		 starts_with(list->sorted.items[index - 1].string, string))
+		return -1;
+	else if (index + 1 < list->sorted.nr &&
+		 starts_with(list->sorted.items[index + 1].string, string))
+		return -1;
+	else if (index < list->sorted.nr)
+		item = list->sorted.items[index].util;
+	else
+		return -1;
+	return item - list->items.items;
+}
+
 struct list_options {
 	int columns;
 	const char *header;
@@ -95,18 +221,21 @@  struct list_and_choose_options {
  * If an error occurred, returns `LIST_AND_CHOOSE_ERROR`. Upon EOF,
  * `LIST_AND_CHOOSE_QUIT` is returned.
  */
-static ssize_t list_and_choose(struct add_i_state *s, struct string_list *items,
+static ssize_t list_and_choose(struct add_i_state *s,
+			       struct prefix_item_list *items,
 			       struct list_and_choose_options *opts)
 {
 	struct strbuf input = STRBUF_INIT;
 	ssize_t res = LIST_AND_CHOOSE_ERROR;
 
+	find_unique_prefixes(items);
+
 	for (;;) {
 		char *p, *endp;
 
 		strbuf_reset(&input);
 
-		list(s, items, &opts->list_opts);
+		list(s, &items->items, &opts->list_opts);
 
 		printf("%s%s", opts->prompt, "> ");
 		fflush(stdout);
@@ -140,7 +269,10 @@  static ssize_t list_and_choose(struct add_i_state *s, struct string_list *items,
 			}
 
 			p[sep] = '\0';
-			if (index < 0 || index >= items->nr)
+			if (index < 0)
+				index = find_unique(p, items);
+
+			if (index < 0 || index >= items->items.nr)
 				printf(_("Huh (%s)?\n"), p);
 			else {
 				res = index;
@@ -306,6 +438,23 @@  static void render_adddel(struct strbuf *buf,
 		strbuf_addstr(buf, no_changes);
 }
 
+/* filters out prefixes which have special meaning to list_and_choose() */
+static int is_valid_prefix(const char *prefix, size_t prefix_len)
+{
+	return prefix_len && prefix &&
+		/*
+		 * We expect `prefix` to be NUL terminated, therefore this
+		 * `strcspn()` call is okay, even if it might do much more
+		 * work than strictly necessary.
+		 */
+		strcspn(prefix, " \t\r\n,") >= prefix_len &&	/* separators */
+		*prefix != '-' &&				/* deselection */
+		!isdigit(*prefix) &&				/* selection */
+		(prefix_len != 1 ||
+		 (*prefix != '*' &&				/* "all" wildcard */
+		  *prefix != '?'));				/* prompt help */
+}
+
 struct print_file_item_data {
 	const char *modified_fmt;
 	struct strbuf buf, index, worktree;
@@ -345,10 +494,23 @@  typedef int (*command_t)(struct add_i_state *s, const struct pathspec *ps,
 			 struct string_list *files,
 			 struct list_options *opts);
 
+struct command_item {
+	size_t prefix_length;
+	command_t command;
+};
+
 static void print_command_item(int i, struct string_list_item *item,
 			       void *print_command_item_data)
 {
-	printf(" %2d: %s", i + 1, item->string);
+	struct command_item *util = item->util;
+
+	if (!util->prefix_length ||
+	    !is_valid_prefix(item->string, util->prefix_length))
+		printf(" %2d: %s", i + 1, item->string);
+	else
+		printf(" %2d: [%.*s]%s", i + 1,
+		       (int)util->prefix_length, item->string,
+		       item->string + util->prefix_length);
 }
 
 int run_add_i(struct repository *r, const struct pathspec *ps)
@@ -364,7 +526,7 @@  int run_add_i(struct repository *r, const struct pathspec *ps)
 	} command_list[] = {
 		{ "status", run_status },
 	};
-	struct string_list commands = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
+	struct prefix_item_list commands = PREFIX_ITEM_LIST_INIT;
 
 	struct print_file_item_data print_file_item_data = {
 		"%12s %12s %s", STRBUF_INIT, STRBUF_INIT, STRBUF_INIT
@@ -377,9 +539,12 @@  int run_add_i(struct repository *r, const struct pathspec *ps)
 	ssize_t i;
 	int res = 0;
 
-	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(command_list); i++)
-		string_list_append(&commands, command_list[i].string)
-			->util = command_list[i].command;
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(command_list); i++) {
+		struct command_item *util = xcalloc(sizeof(*util), 1);
+		util->command = command_list[i].command;
+		string_list_append(&commands.items, command_list[i].string)
+			->util = util;
+	}
 
 	init_add_i_state(&s, r);
 
@@ -404,8 +569,9 @@  int run_add_i(struct repository *r, const struct pathspec *ps)
 			break;
 		}
 		if (i != LIST_AND_CHOOSE_ERROR) {
-			command_t command = commands.items[i].util;
-			res = command(&s, ps, &files, &opts);
+			struct command_item *util =
+				commands.items.items[i].util;
+			res = util->command(&s, ps, &files, &opts);
 		}
 	}
 
@@ -414,7 +580,7 @@  int run_add_i(struct repository *r, const struct pathspec *ps)
 	strbuf_release(&print_file_item_data.index);
 	strbuf_release(&print_file_item_data.worktree);
 	strbuf_release(&header);
-	string_list_clear(&commands, 0);
+	prefix_item_list_clear(&commands);
 
 	return res;
 }