[4/4] gitweb: escape URLs generated by href()
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Message ID 20191115090607.GD21987@sigill.intra.peff.net
State New
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Series
  • gitweb: quote base url more consistently
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Commit Message

Jeff King Nov. 15, 2019, 9:06 a.m. UTC
There's a cross-site scripting problem in gitweb, where it will print
URLs generated by its href() helper without further quoting. This allows
an attacker to point a victim to a specially crafted gitweb URL and
inject arbitrary HTML into the resulting page (which the victim sees as
coming from gitweb).

The base of the URL comes from evaluate_uri(), which pulls the value of
$REQUEST_URI via the CGI module. It tries to strip off $PATH_INFO, but
fails to do so in some cases (including ones that contain special
characters, like "+"). Most of the uses of the URL end up being passed
to "$cgi->a(-href = href())", which will get quoted properly by the CGI
module. But in a few places, we output them ourselves as part of
manually-generated HTML, and whatever was in the original URL will
appear unquoted in the output.

Given that all of the nearby variables placed into this manual HTML
_are_ quoted, it seems like the authors assumed that these URLs would
not need quoting. So it's possible that the bug is actually in
evaluate_uri(), which should be doing a more careful job of stripping
$PATH_INFO. There's some discussion in a comment in that function, as
well as the commit message in 81d3fe9f48 (gitweb: fix wrong base URL
when non-root DirectoryIndex, 2009-02-15). But I'm not sure I understand
it.

Regardless, it's a good idea to quote these values at the point of
insertion into the HTML output:

  1. Even if there is a bug in evaluate_uri(), this would give us
     belt-and-suspenders protection.

  2. evaluate_uri() is only handling the base. Some generated URLs will
     also mention arbitrary refs or filenames in the repositories, and
     these should be quoted anyway.

  3. It should never _hurt_ to quote (and that's what all of the
     $cgi->a() calls are doing already).

So there may be further work here, but this patch at least prevents the
XSS vulnerability, and shouldn't make anything worse.

The test here covers the calls in print_feed_meta(), but I manually
audited every call to href() to see how its output was used, and quoted
appropriately. Most of them are esc_attr(), as they're used in tag
attributes, but I used esc_html() when the URLs were printed bare. The
distinction is largely academic, as one is implemented as a wrapper for
the other.

Reported-by: NAKAYAMA DAISUKE <nakyamad@icloud.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
---
 gitweb/gitweb.perl                        | 31 +++++++++++++----------
 t/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh |  3 ++-
 2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/gitweb/gitweb.perl b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
index 7fef19fe59..a2cc4d9fb0 100755
--- a/gitweb/gitweb.perl
+++ b/gitweb/gitweb.perl
@@ -4048,7 +4048,7 @@  sub print_feed_meta {
 
 			$href_params{'extra_options'} = undef;
 			$href_params{'action'} = $type;
-			$link_attr{'-href'} = href(%href_params);
+			$link_attr{'-href'} = esc_attr(href(%href_params));
 			print "<link ".
 			      "rel=\"$link_attr{'-rel'}\" ".
 			      "title=\"$link_attr{'-title'}\" ".
@@ -4057,7 +4057,7 @@  sub print_feed_meta {
 			      "/>\n";
 
 			$href_params{'extra_options'} = '--no-merges';
-			$link_attr{'-href'} = href(%href_params);
+			$link_attr{'-href'} = esc_attr(href(%href_params));
 			$link_attr{'-title'} .= ' (no merges)';
 			print "<link ".
 			      "rel=\"$link_attr{'-rel'}\" ".
@@ -4070,10 +4070,12 @@  sub print_feed_meta {
 	} else {
 		printf('<link rel="alternate" title="%s projects list" '.
 		       'href="%s" type="text/plain; charset=utf-8" />'."\n",
-		       esc_attr($site_name), href(project=>undef, action=>"project_index"));
+		       esc_attr($site_name),
+		       esc_attr(href(project=>undef, action=>"project_index")));
 		printf('<link rel="alternate" title="%s projects feeds" '.
 		       'href="%s" type="text/x-opml" />'."\n",
-		       esc_attr($site_name), href(project=>undef, action=>"opml"));
+		       esc_attr($site_name),
+		       esc_attr(href(project=>undef, action=>"opml")));
 	}
 }
 
@@ -4287,8 +4289,8 @@  sub git_footer_html {
 	if (defined $action &&
 	    $action eq 'blame_incremental') {
 		print qq!<script type="text/javascript">\n!.
-		      qq!startBlame("!. href(action=>"blame_data", -replay=>1) .qq!",\n!.
-		      qq!           "!. href() .qq!");\n!.
+		      qq!startBlame("!. esc_attr(href(action=>"blame_data", -replay=>1)) .qq!",\n!.
+		      qq!           "!. esc_attr(href()) .qq!");\n!.
 		      qq!</script>\n!;
 	} else {
 		my ($jstimezone, $tz_cookie, $datetime_class) =
@@ -7155,8 +7157,8 @@  sub git_blob {
 			print qq! alt="!.esc_attr($file_name).qq!" title="!.esc_attr($file_name).qq!"!;
 		}
 		print qq! src="! .
-		      href(action=>"blob_plain", hash=>$hash,
-		           hash_base=>$hash_base, file_name=>$file_name) .
+		      esc_attr(href(action=>"blob_plain", hash=>$hash,
+		           hash_base=>$hash_base, file_name=>$file_name)) .
 		      qq!" />\n!;
 	} else {
 		my $nr;
@@ -8239,6 +8241,7 @@  sub git_feed {
 	} else {
 		$alt_url = href(-full=>1, action=>"summary");
 	}
+	$alt_url = esc_attr($alt_url);
 	print qq!<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>\n!;
 	if ($format eq 'rss') {
 		print <<XML;
@@ -8276,7 +8279,7 @@  sub git_feed {
 		      $alt_url . '" />' . "\n" .
 		      '<link rel="self" type="' . $content_type . '" href="' .
 		      $cgi->self_url() . '" />' . "\n" .
-		      "<id>" . href(-full=>1) . "</id>\n" .
+		      "<id>" . esc_url(href(-full=>1)) . "</id>\n" .
 		      # use project owner for feed author
 		      "<author><name>$owner</name></author>\n";
 		if (defined $favicon) {
@@ -8322,7 +8325,7 @@  sub git_feed {
 			      "<author>" . esc_html($co{'author'}) . "</author>\n" .
 			      "<pubDate>$cd{'rfc2822'}</pubDate>\n" .
 			      "<guid isPermaLink=\"true\">$co_url</guid>\n" .
-			      "<link>$co_url</link>\n" .
+			      "<link>" . esc_html($co_url) . "</link>\n" .
 			      "<description>" . esc_html($co{'title'}) . "</description>\n" .
 			      "<content:encoded>" .
 			      "<![CDATA[\n";
@@ -8344,8 +8347,8 @@  sub git_feed {
 			}
 			print "</contributor>\n" .
 			      "<published>$cd{'iso-8601'}</published>\n" .
-			      "<link rel=\"alternate\" type=\"text/html\" href=\"$co_url\" />\n" .
-			      "<id>$co_url</id>\n" .
+			      "<link rel=\"alternate\" type=\"text/html\" href=\"" . esc_attr($co_url) . "\" />\n" .
+			      "<id>" . esc_html($co_url) . "</id>\n" .
 			      "<content type=\"xhtml\" xml:base=\"" . esc_url($my_url) . "\">\n" .
 			      "<div xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml\">\n";
 		}
@@ -8452,8 +8455,8 @@  sub git_opml {
 		}
 
 		my $path = esc_html(chop_str($proj{'path'}, 25, 5));
-		my $rss  = href('project' => $proj{'path'}, 'action' => 'rss', -full => 1);
-		my $html = href('project' => $proj{'path'}, 'action' => 'summary', -full => 1);
+		my $rss  = esc_attr(href('project' => $proj{'path'}, 'action' => 'rss', -full => 1));
+		my $html = esc_attr(href('project' => $proj{'path'}, 'action' => 'summary', -full => 1));
 		print "<outline type=\"rss\" text=\"$path\" title=\"$path\" xmlUrl=\"$rss\" htmlUrl=\"$html\"/>\n";
 	}
 	print <<XML;
diff --git a/t/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh b/t/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh
index 1b04c29037..e38cbc97d3 100755
--- a/t/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh
+++ b/t/t9502-gitweb-standalone-parse-output.sh
@@ -200,7 +200,8 @@  xss() {
 test_expect_success 'xss checks' '
 	TAG="<magic-xss-tag>" &&
 	xss "a=rss&p=$TAG" &&
-	xss "a=rss&p=foo.git&f=$TAG"
+	xss "a=rss&p=foo.git&f=$TAG" &&
+	xss "" "$TAG+"
 '
 
 test_done