[v6,1/3] xenbus/backend: Add memory pressure handler callback
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Message ID 20191211042657.6037-1-sjpark@amazon.de
State New
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  • xenbus/backend: Add a memory pressure handler callback
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Commit Message

SeongJae Park Dec. 11, 2019, 4:26 a.m. UTC
Granting pages consumes backend system memory.  In systems configured
with insufficient spare memory for those pages, it can cause a memory
pressure situation.  However, finding the optimal amount of the spare
memory is challenging for large systems having dynamic resource
utilization patterns.  Also, such a static configuration might lack
flexibility.

To mitigate such problems, this commit adds a memory reclaim callback to
'xenbus_driver'.  If a memory pressure is detected, 'xenbus' requests
every backend driver to volunarily release its memory.

Note that it would be able to improve the callback facility for more
sophisticated handlings of general pressures.  For example, it would be
possible to monitor the memory consumption of each device and issue the
release requests to only devices which causing the pressure.  Also, the
callback could be extended to handle not only memory, but general
resources.  Nevertheless, this version of the implementation defers such
sophisticated goals as a future work.

Reviewed-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
---
 drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/xen/xenbus.h                      |  1 +
 2 files changed, 33 insertions(+)

Comments

Roger Pau Monné Dec. 11, 2019, 11:46 a.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Dec 11, 2019 at 04:26:57AM +0000, SeongJae Park wrote:
> Granting pages consumes backend system memory.  In systems configured
> with insufficient spare memory for those pages, it can cause a memory
> pressure situation.  However, finding the optimal amount of the spare
                                                              ^ s/the//
> memory is challenging for large systems having dynamic resource
> utilization patterns.  Also, such a static configuration might lack
> flexibility.
> 
> To mitigate such problems, this commit adds a memory reclaim callback to
> 'xenbus_driver'.  If a memory pressure is detected, 'xenbus' requests
                       ^ s/a//
> every backend driver to volunarily release its memory.
> 
> Note that it would be able to improve the callback facility for more
                        ^ possible
> sophisticated handlings of general pressures.  For example, it would be
                ^ handling of resource starvation.
> possible to monitor the memory consumption of each device and issue the
> release requests to only devices which causing the pressure.  Also, the
> callback could be extended to handle not only memory, but general
> resources.  Nevertheless, this version of the implementation defers such
> sophisticated goals as a future work.
> 
> Reviewed-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
> Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
> ---
>  drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/xen/xenbus.h                      |  1 +
>  2 files changed, 33 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c
> index b0bed4faf44c..aedbe2198de5 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c
> @@ -248,6 +248,35 @@ static int backend_probe_and_watch(struct notifier_block *notifier,
>  	return NOTIFY_DONE;
>  }
>  
> +static int xenbus_backend_reclaim(struct device *dev, void *data)

No need for the xenbus_ prefix since it's a static function, ie:
backend_reclaim_memory should be fine IMO.

> +{
> +	struct xenbus_driver *drv;

I've asked for this variable to be constified in v5, is it not
possible to make it const?

> +
> +	if (!dev->driver)
> +		return 0;
> +	drv = to_xenbus_driver(dev->driver);
> +	if (drv && drv->reclaim)
> +		drv->reclaim(to_xenbus_device(dev));
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Returns 0 always because we are using shrinker to only detect memory
> + * pressure.
> + */
> +static unsigned long xenbus_backend_shrink_count(struct shrinker *shrinker,
> +				struct shrink_control *sc)
> +{
> +	bus_for_each_dev(&xenbus_backend.bus, NULL, NULL,
> +			xenbus_backend_reclaim);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct shrinker xenbus_backend_shrinker = {

I would drop the xenbus prefix, and I think it's not possible to
constify this due to register_shrinker expecting a non-const
parameter?

> +	.count_objects = xenbus_backend_shrink_count,
> +	.seeks = DEFAULT_SEEKS,
> +};
> +
>  static int __init xenbus_probe_backend_init(void)
>  {
>  	static struct notifier_block xenstore_notifier = {
> @@ -264,6 +293,9 @@ static int __init xenbus_probe_backend_init(void)
>  
>  	register_xenstore_notifier(&xenstore_notifier);
>  
> +	if (register_shrinker(&xenbus_backend_shrinker))
> +		pr_warn("shrinker registration failed\n");

Can you add a xenbus prefix to the error message? Or else it's hard to
know which subsystem is complaining when you see such message on the
log. ie: "xenbus: shrinker ..."

> +
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  subsys_initcall(xenbus_probe_backend_init);
> diff --git a/include/xen/xenbus.h b/include/xen/xenbus.h
> index 869c816d5f8c..196260017666 100644
> --- a/include/xen/xenbus.h
> +++ b/include/xen/xenbus.h
> @@ -104,6 +104,7 @@ struct xenbus_driver {
>  	struct device_driver driver;
>  	int (*read_otherend_details)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
>  	int (*is_ready)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
> +	void (*reclaim)(struct xenbus_device *dev);

reclaim_memory (if Juergen agrees).

Thanks, Roger.
Juergen Gross Dec. 11, 2019, 12:30 p.m. UTC | #2
On 11.12.19 12:46, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 11, 2019 at 04:26:57AM +0000, SeongJae Park wrote:
>> +
>>   	return 0;
>>   }
>>   subsys_initcall(xenbus_probe_backend_init);
>> diff --git a/include/xen/xenbus.h b/include/xen/xenbus.h
>> index 869c816d5f8c..196260017666 100644
>> --- a/include/xen/xenbus.h
>> +++ b/include/xen/xenbus.h
>> @@ -104,6 +104,7 @@ struct xenbus_driver {
>>   	struct device_driver driver;
>>   	int (*read_otherend_details)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
>>   	int (*is_ready)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
>> +	void (*reclaim)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
> 
> reclaim_memory (if Juergen agrees).

I do agree.


Juergen

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c
index b0bed4faf44c..aedbe2198de5 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_probe_backend.c
@@ -248,6 +248,35 @@  static int backend_probe_and_watch(struct notifier_block *notifier,
 	return NOTIFY_DONE;
 }
 
+static int xenbus_backend_reclaim(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+	struct xenbus_driver *drv;
+
+	if (!dev->driver)
+		return 0;
+	drv = to_xenbus_driver(dev->driver);
+	if (drv && drv->reclaim)
+		drv->reclaim(to_xenbus_device(dev));
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Returns 0 always because we are using shrinker to only detect memory
+ * pressure.
+ */
+static unsigned long xenbus_backend_shrink_count(struct shrinker *shrinker,
+				struct shrink_control *sc)
+{
+	bus_for_each_dev(&xenbus_backend.bus, NULL, NULL,
+			xenbus_backend_reclaim);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct shrinker xenbus_backend_shrinker = {
+	.count_objects = xenbus_backend_shrink_count,
+	.seeks = DEFAULT_SEEKS,
+};
+
 static int __init xenbus_probe_backend_init(void)
 {
 	static struct notifier_block xenstore_notifier = {
@@ -264,6 +293,9 @@  static int __init xenbus_probe_backend_init(void)
 
 	register_xenstore_notifier(&xenstore_notifier);
 
+	if (register_shrinker(&xenbus_backend_shrinker))
+		pr_warn("shrinker registration failed\n");
+
 	return 0;
 }
 subsys_initcall(xenbus_probe_backend_init);
diff --git a/include/xen/xenbus.h b/include/xen/xenbus.h
index 869c816d5f8c..196260017666 100644
--- a/include/xen/xenbus.h
+++ b/include/xen/xenbus.h
@@ -104,6 +104,7 @@  struct xenbus_driver {
 	struct device_driver driver;
 	int (*read_otherend_details)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
 	int (*is_ready)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
+	void (*reclaim)(struct xenbus_device *dev);
 };
 
 static inline struct xenbus_driver *to_xenbus_driver(struct device_driver *drv)