[v7,24/25] block/rnbd: a bit of documentation
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200116125915.14815-25-jinpuwang@gmail.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • RTRS (former IBTRS) RDMA Transport Library and RNBD (former IBNBD) RDMA Network Block Device
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Commit Message

Jack Wang Jan. 16, 2020, 12:59 p.m. UTC
From: Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com>

README with description of major sysfs entries, sysfs documentation
are moved to ABI dir as Bart suggested.

Signed-off-by: Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
Signed-off-by: Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-rnbd    |  46 ++++++++
 .../ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-client       | 111 ++++++++++++++++++
 .../ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-server       |  50 ++++++++
 drivers/block/rnbd/README                     |  92 +++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 299 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-rnbd
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-client
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-server
 create mode 100644 drivers/block/rnbd/README

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-rnbd b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-rnbd
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1d5053975fa8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-rnbd
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@ 
+What:		/sys/block/rnbd<N>/rnbd/unmap_device
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	To unmap a volume, "normal" or "force" has to be written to:
+		/sys/block/rnbd<N>/rnbd/unmap_device
+
+		When "normal" is used, the operation will fail with EBUSY if any process
+		is using the device.  When "force" is used, the device is also unmapped
+		when device is in use.  All I/Os that are in progress will fail.
+
+		Example:
+
+		# echo "normal" > /sys/block/rnbd0/rnbd/unmap_device
+
+What:		/sys/block/rnbd<N>/rnbd/state
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	The file contains the current state of the block device. The state file
+		returns "open" when the device is successfully mapped from the server
+		and accepting I/O requests. When the connection to the server gets
+		disconnected in case of an error (e.g. link failure), the state file
+		returns "closed" and all I/O requests submitted to it will fail with -EIO.
+
+What:		/sys/block/rnbd<N>/rnbd/session
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	RNBD uses RTRS session to transport the data between client and
+		server.  The entry "session" contains the name of the session, that
+		was used to establish the RTRS session.  It's the same name that
+		was passed as server parameter to the map_device entry.
+
+What:		/sys/block/rnbd<N>/rnbd/mapping_path
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Contains the path that was passed as "device_path" to the map_device
+		operation.
+
+What:		/sys/block/rnbd<N>/rnbd/access_mode
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Contains the device access mode: ro, rw or migration.
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-client b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-client
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0f8ebb23640a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-client
@@ -0,0 +1,111 @@ 
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-client
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Provide information about RNBD-client.
+		All sysfs files that are not read-only provide the usage information on read:
+
+		Example:
+		# cat /sys/class/rnbd-client/ctl/map_device
+
+		> Usage: echo "sessname=<name of the rtrs session> path=<[srcaddr,]dstaddr>
+		> [path=<[srcaddr,]dstaddr>] device_path=<full path on remote side>
+		> [access_mode=<ro|rw|migration>] > map_device
+		>
+		> addr ::= [ ip:<ipv4> | ip:<ipv6> | gid:<gid> ]
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-client/ctl/map_device
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Expected format is the following:
+
+		sessname=<name of the rtrs session>
+		path=<[srcaddr,]dstaddr> [path=<[srcaddr,]dstaddr> ...]
+		device_path=<full path on remote side>
+		[access_mode=<ro|rw|migration>]
+
+		Where:
+
+		sessname: accepts a string not bigger than 256 chars, which identifies
+		a given session on the client and on the server.
+		I.e. "clt_hostname-srv_hostname" could be a natural choice.
+
+		path:     describes a connection between the client and the server by
+		specifying destination and, when required, the source address.
+		The addresses are to be provided in the following format:
+
+		ip:<IPv6>
+		ip:<IPv4>
+		gid:<GID>
+
+		for example:
+
+		path=ip:10.0.0.66
+		The single addr is treated as the destination.
+		The connection will be established to this server from any client IP address.
+
+		path=ip:10.0.0.66,ip:10.0.1.66
+		First addr is the source address and the second is the destination.
+
+		If multiple "path=" options are specified multiple connection
+		will be established and data will be sent according to
+		the selected multipath policy (see RTRS mp_policy sysfs entry description).
+
+		device_path: Path to the block device on the server side. Path is specified
+		relative to the directory on server side configured in the
+		'dev_search_path' module parameter of the rnbd_server.
+		The rnbd_server prepends the <device_path> received from client
+		with <dev_search_path> and tries to open the
+		<dev_search_path>/<device_path> block device.  On success,
+		a /dev/rnbd<N> device file, a /sys/block/rnbd_client/rnbd<N>/
+		directory and an entry in /sys/class/rnbd-client/ctl/devices
+		will be created.
+
+		If 'dev_search_path' contains '%SESSNAME%', then each session can
+		have different devices namespace, e.g. server was configured with
+		the following parameter "dev_search_path=/run/rnbd-devs/%SESSNAME%",
+		client has this string "sessname=blya device_path=sda", then server
+		will try to open: /run/rnbd-devs/blya/sda.
+
+		access_mode: the access_mode parameter specifies if the device is to be
+		mapped as "ro" read-only or "rw" read-write. The server allows
+		a device to be exported in rw mode only once. The "migration"
+		access mode has to be specified if a second mapping in read-write
+		mode is desired.
+
+		By default "rw" is used.
+
+		Exit Codes:
+
+		If the device is already mapped it will fail with EEXIST. If the input
+		has an invalid format it will return EINVAL. If the device path cannot
+		be found on the server, it will fail with ENOENT.
+
+		Finding device file after mapping
+		---------------------------------
+
+		After mapping, the device file can be found by:
+		o  The symlink /sys/class/rnbd-client/ctl/devices/<device_id>
+		points to /sys/block/<dev-name>. The last part of the symlink destination
+		is the same as the device name.  By extracting the last part of the
+		path the path to the device /dev/<dev-name> can be build.
+
+		o /dev/block/$(cat /sys/class/rnbd-client/ctl/devices/<device_id>/dev)
+
+		How to find the <device_id> of the device is described on the next
+		section.
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-client/ctl/devices/
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	For each device mapped on the client a new symbolic link is created as
+		/sys/class/rnbd-client/ctl/devices/<device_id>, which points
+		to the block device created by rnbd (/sys/block/rnbd<N>/).
+		The <device_id> of each device is created as follows:
+
+		- If the 'device_path' provided during mapping contains slashes ("/"),
+		they are replaced by exclamation mark ("!") and used as as the
+		<device_id>. Otherwise, the <device_id> will be the same as the
+		"device_path" provided.
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-server b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-server
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..442a060e7be7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-rnbd-server
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@ 
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-server
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	provide information about RNBD-server.
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	When a client maps a device, a directory entry with the name of the
+		block device is created under /sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/devices/.
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/devices/<device_name>/block_dev
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Is a symlink to the sysfs entry of the exported device.
+
+		Example:
+		block_dev -> ../../../../class/block/ram0
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/devices/<device_name>/sessions/
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	For each client a particular device is exported to, following directory will be
+		created:
+
+		/sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/devices/<device_name>/sessions/<session-name>/
+
+		When the device is unmapped by that client, the directory will be removed.
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/devices/<device_name>/sessions/<session-name>/read_only
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Contains '1' if device is mapped read-only, otherwise '0'.
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/devices/<device_name>/sessions/<session-name>/mapping_path
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Contains the relative device path provided by the user during mapping.
+
+What:		/sys/class/rnbd-server/ctl/devices/<device_name>/sessions/<session-name>/access_mode
+Date:		Jan 2020
+KernelVersion:	5.6
+Contact:	Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@cloud.ionos.com> Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@cloud.ionos.com>
+Description:	Contains the device access mode: ro, rw or migration.
diff --git a/drivers/block/rnbd/README b/drivers/block/rnbd/README
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..83d22f8e1ae7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/rnbd/README
@@ -0,0 +1,92 @@ 
+********************************
+RDMA Network Block Device (RNBD)
+********************************
+
+Introduction
+------------
+
+RNBD (RDMA Network Block Device) is a pair of kernel modules
+(client and server) that allow for remote access of a block device on
+the server over RTRS protocol using the RDMA (InfiniBand, RoCE, iWarp)
+transport. After being mapped, the remote block devices can be accessed
+on the client side as local block devices.
+
+I/O is transferred between client and server by the RTRS transport
+modules. The administration of RNBD and RTRS modules is done via
+sysfs entries.
+
+Requirements
+------------
+
+  RTRS kernel modules
+
+Quick Start
+-----------
+
+Server side:
+  # modprobe rnbd_server
+
+Client side:
+  # modprobe rnbd_client
+  # echo "sessname=blya path=ip:10.50.100.66 device_path=/dev/ram0" > \
+            /sys/devices/virtual/rnbd-client/ctl/map_device
+
+  Where "sessname=" is a session name, a string to identify the session
+  on client and on server sides; "path=" is a destination IP address or
+  a pair of a source and a destination IPs, separated by comma.  Multiple
+  "path=" options can be specified in order to use multipath  (see RTRS
+  description for details); "device_path=" is the block device to be
+  mapped from the server side. After the session to the server machine is
+  established, the mapped device will appear on the client side under
+  /dev/rnbd<N>.
+
+
+RNBD-Server Module Parameters
+=============================
+
+dev_search_path
+---------------
+
+When a device is mapped from the client, the server generates the path
+to the block device on the server side by concatenating dev_search_path
+and the "device_path" that was specified in the map_device operation.
+
+The default dev_search_path is: "/".
+
+dev_search_path option can also contain %SESSNAME% in order to provide
+different deviec namespaces for different sessions.  See "device_path"
+option for details.
+
+============================
+Protocol (rnbd/rnbd-proto.h)
+============================
+
+1. Before mapping first device from a given server, client sends an
+RNBD_MSG_SESS_INFO to the server. Server responds with
+RNBD_MSG_SESS_INFO_RSP. Currently the messages only contain the protocol
+version for backward compatibility.
+
+2. Client requests to open a device by sending RNBD_MSG_OPEN message. This
+contains the path to the device and access mode (read-only or writable).
+Server responds to the message with RNBD_MSG_OPEN_RSP. This contains
+a 32 bit device id to be used for  IOs and device "geometry" related
+information: side, max_hw_sectors, etc.
+
+3. Client attaches RNBD_MSG_IO to each IO message send to a device. This
+message contains device id, provided by server in his rnbd_msg_open_rsp,
+sector to be accessed, read-write flags and bi_size.
+
+4. Client closes a device by sending RNBD_MSG_CLOSE which contains only the
+device id provided by the server.
+
+=========================================
+Contributors List(in alphabetical order)
+=========================================
+Danil Kipnis <danil.kipnis@profitbricks.com>
+Fabian Holler <mail@fholler.de>
+Guoqing Jiang <guoqing.jiang@cloud.ionos.com>
+Jack Wang <jinpu.wang@profitbricks.com>
+Kleber Souza <kleber.souza@profitbricks.com>
+Lutz Pogrell <lutz.pogrell@cloud.ionos.com>
+Milind Dumbare <Milind.dumbare@gmail.com>
+Roman Penyaev <roman.penyaev@profitbricks.com>