[for,4.19-stable,v2,01/24] mm/memory_hotplug: make remove_memory() take the device_hotplug_lock
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200121180150.37454-2-david@redhat.com
State New
Headers show
  • mm/memory_hotplug: backport of pending stable fixes
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Commit Message

David Hildenbrand Jan. 21, 2020, 6:01 p.m. UTC
commit d15e59260f62bd5e0f625cf5f5240f6ffac78ab6 upstream.

Patch series "mm: online/offline_pages called w.o. mem_hotplug_lock", v3.

Reading through the code and studying how mem_hotplug_lock is to be used,
I noticed that there are two places where we can end up calling
device_online()/device_offline() - online_pages()/offline_pages() without
the mem_hotplug_lock.  And there are other places where we call
device_online()/device_offline() without the device_hotplug_lock.

While e.g.
	echo "online" > /sys/devices/system/memory/memory9/state
is fine, e.g.
	echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/memory/memory9/online
Will not take the mem_hotplug_lock. However the device_lock() and

E.g.  via memory_probe_store(), we can end up calling
add_memory()->online_pages() without the device_hotplug_lock.  So we can
have concurrent callers in online_pages().  We e.g.  touch in
online_pages() basically unprotected zone->present_pages then.

Looks like there is a longer history to that (see Patch #2 for details),
and fixing it to work the way it was intended is not really possible.  We
would e.g.  have to take the mem_hotplug_lock in device/base/core.c, which
sounds wrong.

Summary: We had a lock inversion on mem_hotplug_lock and device_lock().
More details can be found in patch 3 and patch 6.

I propose the general rules (documentation added in patch 6):

1. add_memory/add_memory_resource() must only be called with
2. remove_memory() must only be called with device_hotplug_lock. This is
   already documented and holds for all callers.
3. device_online()/device_offline() must only be called with
   device_hotplug_lock. This is already documented and true for now in core
   code. Other callers (related to memory hotplug) have to be fixed up.
4. mem_hotplug_lock is taken inside of add_memory/remove_memory/

To me, this looks way cleaner than what we have right now (and easier to
verify).  And looking at the documentation of remove_memory, using
lock_device_hotplug also for add_memory() feels natural.

This patch (of 6):

remove_memory() is exported right now but requires the
device_hotplug_lock, which is not exported.  So let's provide a variant
that takes the lock and only export that one.

The lock is already held in

Apart from that, there are not other users in the tree.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180925091457.28651-2-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com>
Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
Cc: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: John Allen <jallen@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: YASUAKI ISHIMATSU <yasu.isimatu@gmail.com>
Cc: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@debian.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@microsoft.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c       | 2 +-
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c | 6 +++---
 drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c                  | 2 +-
 include/linux/memory_hotplug.h                  | 3 ++-
 mm/memory_hotplug.c                             | 9 ++++++++-
 5 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c
index dd3cc4632b9a..84d038ed3882 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@  static u64 memtrace_alloc_node(u32 nid, u64 size)
 			end_pfn = base_pfn + nr_pages;
 			for (pfn = base_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += bytes>> PAGE_SHIFT) {
-				remove_memory(nid, pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, bytes);
+				__remove_memory(nid, pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, bytes);
 			return base_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c
index 7f86bc3eaade..ad46eabe9f5f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c
@@ -306,7 +306,7 @@  static int pseries_remove_memblock(unsigned long base, unsigned int memblock_siz
 	nid = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(base);
 	for (i = 0; i < sections_per_block; i++) {
-		remove_memory(nid, base, MIN_MEMORY_BLOCK_SIZE);
+		__remove_memory(nid, base, MIN_MEMORY_BLOCK_SIZE);
@@ -398,7 +398,7 @@  static int dlpar_remove_lmb(struct drmem_lmb *lmb)
 	block_sz = pseries_memory_block_size();
 	nid = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(lmb->base_addr);
-	remove_memory(nid, lmb->base_addr, block_sz);
+	__remove_memory(nid, lmb->base_addr, block_sz);
 	/* Update memory regions for memory remove */
 	memblock_remove(lmb->base_addr, block_sz);
@@ -685,7 +685,7 @@  static int dlpar_add_lmb(struct drmem_lmb *lmb)
 	rc = dlpar_online_lmb(lmb);
 	if (rc) {
-		remove_memory(nid, lmb->base_addr, block_sz);
+		__remove_memory(nid, lmb->base_addr, block_sz);
 	} else {
 		lmb->flags |= DRCONF_MEM_ASSIGNED;
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c b/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c
index 2ccfbb61ca89..8fe0960ea572 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c
@@ -282,7 +282,7 @@  static void acpi_memory_remove_memory(struct acpi_memory_device *mem_device)
 			nid = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(info->start_addr);
-		remove_memory(nid, info->start_addr, info->length);
+		__remove_memory(nid, info->start_addr, info->length);
diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
index 4915e6cd7fd5..6f13a5a33b51 100644
--- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
@@ -303,6 +303,7 @@  extern bool is_mem_section_removable(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages);
 extern void try_offline_node(int nid);
 extern int offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages);
 extern void remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size);
+extern void __remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size);
 static inline bool is_mem_section_removable(unsigned long pfn,
@@ -319,6 +320,7 @@  static inline int offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
 static inline void remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size) {}
+static inline void __remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size) {}
 extern void __ref free_area_init_core_hotplug(int nid);
@@ -333,7 +335,6 @@  extern void move_pfn_range_to_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
 		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
 extern int offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages);
 extern bool is_memblock_offlined(struct memory_block *mem);
-extern void remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size);
 extern int sparse_add_one_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 		unsigned long start_pfn, struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
 extern void sparse_remove_one_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 413f6709039a..e2e2cf7014ee 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1893,7 +1893,7 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_offline_node);
  * and online/offline operations before this call, as required by
  * try_offline_node().
-void __ref remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
+void __ref __remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
 	int ret;
@@ -1922,5 +1922,12 @@  void __ref remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
+void remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
+	lock_device_hotplug();
+	__remove_memory(nid, start, size);
+	unlock_device_hotplug();