[5/9] ASoC: SOF: Move DSP power state transitions to platform-specific ops
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200129220726.31792-6-pierre-louis.bossart@linux.intel.com
State Accepted
Commit 61e285caf40fef18e8bd7cea5237ee6723609a1c
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Series
  • ASoC: SOF: update S0ix/D0ix support
Related show

Commit Message

Pierre-Louis Bossart Jan. 29, 2020, 10:07 p.m. UTC
From: Ranjani Sridharan <ranjani.sridharan@linux.intel.com>

The DSP device substates such as D0I0/D0I3
are platform-specific. Therefore, the d0_substate
field of struct snd_sof_dev is replaced
with the dsp_power_state field which represents the current
state of the DSP. This field holds both the device state
and the platform-specific substate values.

With the DSP device substates being platform-specific,
the DSP power state transitions need to be performed in
the platform-specific suspend/resume ops as well.

In order to achieve this, the ops signature has to be
modified to pass the target device state as an
argument. The target substate will be determined by
the platform-specific ops before performing the transition.
For example, in the case of the system suspending to S0IX,
the top-level SOF device suspend callback needs to
only determine if the DSP will be entering
D3 or remain in D0. The target substate in case the device
needs to remain in D0 (D0I0 or D0I3) will be determined
by the platform-specific suspend op.

With the addition of the extended set of power states for the DSP,
the set_power_state op for HDA platforms has to be extended
to handle only the appropriate state transitions. So, the
implementation for the Intel HDA platforms is also modified.

Signed-off-by: Ranjani Sridharan <ranjani.sridharan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Pierre-Louis Bossart <pierre-louis.bossart@linux.intel.com>
---
 sound/soc/sof/core.c          |   4 +-
 sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c | 223 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 sound/soc/sof/intel/hda.h     |  10 +-
 sound/soc/sof/ops.h           |  16 +--
 sound/soc/sof/pm.c            |  92 ++------------
 sound/soc/sof/sof-priv.h      |  18 ++-
 6 files changed, 242 insertions(+), 121 deletions(-)

Comments

Amadeusz Sławiński Jan. 30, 2020, 7:47 a.m. UTC | #1
On 1/29/2020 11:07 PM, Pierre-Louis Bossart wrote:
> From: Ranjani Sridharan <ranjani.sridharan@linux.intel.com>
> 
> The DSP device substates such as D0I0/D0I3
> are platform-specific. Therefore, the d0_substate
> field of struct snd_sof_dev is replaced
> with the dsp_power_state field which represents the current
> state of the DSP. This field holds both the device state
> and the platform-specific substate values.
> 
> With the DSP device substates being platform-specific,
> the DSP power state transitions need to be performed in
> the platform-specific suspend/resume ops as well.
> 
> In order to achieve this, the ops signature has to be
> modified to pass the target device state as an
> argument. The target substate will be determined by
> the platform-specific ops before performing the transition.
> For example, in the case of the system suspending to S0IX,
> the top-level SOF device suspend callback needs to
> only determine if the DSP will be entering
> D3 or remain in D0. The target substate in case the device
> needs to remain in D0 (D0I0 or D0I3) will be determined
> by the platform-specific suspend op.
> 
> With the addition of the extended set of power states for the DSP,
> the set_power_state op for HDA platforms has to be extended
> to handle only the appropriate state transitions. So, the
> implementation for the Intel HDA platforms is also modified.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ranjani Sridharan <ranjani.sridharan@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Pierre-Louis Bossart <pierre-louis.bossart@linux.intel.com>
> ---
>   sound/soc/sof/core.c          |   4 +-
>   sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c | 223 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>   sound/soc/sof/intel/hda.h     |  10 +-
>   sound/soc/sof/ops.h           |  16 +--
>   sound/soc/sof/pm.c            |  92 ++------------
>   sound/soc/sof/sof-priv.h      |  18 ++-
>   6 files changed, 242 insertions(+), 121 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/core.c b/sound/soc/sof/core.c
> index 34cefbaf2d2a..1d07450aff77 100644
> --- a/sound/soc/sof/core.c
> +++ b/sound/soc/sof/core.c
> @@ -286,8 +286,8 @@ int snd_sof_device_probe(struct device *dev, struct snd_sof_pdata *plat_data)
>   	/* initialize sof device */
>   	sdev->dev = dev;
>   
> -	/* initialize default D0 sub-state */
> -	sdev->d0_substate = SOF_DSP_D0I0;
> +	/* initialize default DSP power state */
> +	sdev->dsp_power_state.state = SOF_DSP_PM_D0;
>   
>   	sdev->pdata = plat_data;
>   	sdev->first_boot = true;
> diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c b/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c
> index fddf2c48904f..8c00e128a7b0 100644
> --- a/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c
> +++ b/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c
> @@ -338,13 +338,10 @@ static int hda_dsp_send_pm_gate_ipc(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, u32 flags)
>   				  sizeof(pm_gate), &reply, sizeof(reply));
>   }
>   
> -int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
> -			    enum sof_d0_substate d0_substate)
> +static int hda_dsp_update_d0i3c_register(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, u8 value)
>   {
>   	struct hdac_bus *bus = sof_to_bus(sdev);
> -	u32 flags;
>   	int ret;
> -	u8 value;
>   
>   	/* Write to D0I3C after Command-In-Progress bit is cleared */
>   	ret = hda_dsp_wait_d0i3c_done(sdev);
> @@ -354,7 +351,6 @@ int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
>   	}
>   
>   	/* Update D0I3C register */
> -	value = d0_substate == SOF_DSP_D0I3 ? SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3 : 0;
>   	snd_hdac_chip_updateb(bus, VS_D0I3C, SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3, value);
>   
>   	/* Wait for cmd in progress to be cleared before exiting the function */
> @@ -367,20 +363,160 @@ int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
>   	dev_vdbg(bus->dev, "D0I3C updated, register = 0x%x\n",
>   		 snd_hdac_chip_readb(bus, VS_D0I3C));
>   
> -	if (d0_substate == SOF_DSP_D0I0)
> -		flags = HDA_PM_PPG;/* prevent power gating in D0 */
> -	else
> -		flags = HDA_PM_NO_DMA_TRACE;/* disable DMA trace in D0I3*/
> +	return 0;
> +}
>   
> -	/* sending pm_gate IPC */
> -	ret = hda_dsp_send_pm_gate_ipc(sdev, flags);
> +static int hda_dsp_set_D0_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
> +				const struct sof_dsp_power_state *target_state)
> +{
> +	u32 flags = 0;
> +	int ret;
> +	u8 value = 0;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Sanity check for illegal state transitions
> +	 * The only allowed transitions are:
> +	 * 1. D3 -> D0I0
> +	 * 2. D0I0 -> D0I3
> +	 * 3. D0I3 -> D0I0
> +	 */
> +	switch (sdev->dsp_power_state.state) {
> +	case SOF_DSP_PM_D0:
> +		/* Follow the sequence below for D0 substate transitions */
> +		break;
> +	case SOF_DSP_PM_D3:
> +		/* Follow regular flow for D3 -> D0 transition */
> +		return 0;
> +	default:
> +		dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: transition from %d to %d not allowed\n",
> +			sdev->dsp_power_state.state, target_state->state);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Set flags and register value for D0 target substate */
> +	if (target_state->substate == SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I3) {
> +		value = SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3;
> +
> +		/* disable DMA trace in D0I3 */
> +		flags = HDA_PM_NO_DMA_TRACE;
> +	} else {
> +		/* prevent power gating in D0I0 */
> +		flags = HDA_PM_PPG;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* update D0I3C register */
> +	ret = hda_dsp_update_d0i3c_register(sdev, value);
>   	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Notify the DSP of the state change.
> +	 * If this IPC fails, revert the D0I3C register update in order
> +	 * to prevent partial state change.
> +	 */
> +	ret = hda_dsp_send_pm_gate_ipc(sdev, flags);
> +	if (ret < 0) {
>   		dev_err(sdev->dev,
>   			"error: PM_GATE ipc error %d\n", ret);
> +		goto revert;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +
> +revert:
> +	/* fallback to the previous register value */
> +	value = value ? 0 : SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * This can fail but return the IPC error to signal that
> +	 * the state change failed.
> +	 */
> +	hda_dsp_update_d0i3c_register(sdev, value);
>   
>   	return ret;
>   }
>   
> +/*
> + * All DSP power state transitions are initiated by the driver.
> + * If the requested state change fails, the error is simply returned.
> + * Further state transitions are attempted only when the set_power_save() op
> + * is called again either because of a new IPC sent to the DSP or
> + * during system suspend/resume.
> + */
> +int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
> +			    const struct sof_dsp_power_state *target_state)
> +{
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	/* Nothing to do if the DSP is already in the requested state */
> +	if (target_state->state == sdev->dsp_power_state.state &&
> +	    target_state->substate == sdev->dsp_power_state.substate)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	switch (target_state->state) {
> +	case SOF_DSP_PM_D0:
> +		ret = hda_dsp_set_D0_state(sdev, target_state);
> +		break;
> +	case SOF_DSP_PM_D3:
> +		/* The only allowed transition is: D0I0 -> D3 */
> +		if (sdev->dsp_power_state.state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0 &&
> +		    sdev->dsp_power_state.substate == SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I0)
> +			break;
> +
> +		dev_err(sdev->dev,
> +			"error: transition from %d to %d not allowed\n",
> +			sdev->dsp_power_state.state, target_state->state);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	default:
> +		dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: target state unsupported %d\n",
> +			target_state->state);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +	if (ret < 0) {
> +		dev_err(sdev->dev,
> +			"failed to set requested target DSP state %d substate %d\n",
> +			target_state->state, target_state->substate);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	sdev->dsp_power_state = *target_state;
> +	dev_dbg(sdev->dev, "New DSP state %d substate %d\n",
> +		target_state->state, target_state->substate);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Audio DSP states may transform as below:-
> + *
> + *                                         D0I3 compatible stream
> + *     Runtime    +---------------------+   opened only, timeout
> + *     suspend    |                     +--------------------+
> + *   +------------+       D0(active)    |                    |
> + *   |            |                     <---------------+    |
> + *   |   +-------->                     |               |    |
> + *   |   |Runtime +--^--+---------^--+--+ The last      |    |
> + *   |   |resume     |  |         |  |    opened D0I3   |    |
> + *   |   |           |  |         |  |    compatible    |    |
> + *   |   |     resume|  |         |  |    stream closed |    |
> + *   |   |      from |  | D3      |  |                  |    |
> + *   |   |       D3  |  |suspend  |  | d0i3             |    |
> + *   |   |           |  |         |  |suspend           |    |
> + *   |   |           |  |         |  |                  |    |
> + *   |   |           |  |         |  |                  |    |
> + * +-v---+-----------+--v-------+ |  |           +------+----v----+
> + * |                            | |  +----------->                |
> + * |       D3 (suspended)       | |              |      D0I3      +-----+
> + * |                            | +--------------+                |     |
> + * |                            |  resume from   |                |     |
> + * +-------------------^--------+  d0i3 suspend  +----------------+     |
> + *                     |                                                |
> + *                     |                       D3 suspend               |
> + *                     +------------------------------------------------+
> + *
> + * d0i3_suspend = s0_suspend && D0I3 stream opened,
> + * D3 suspend = !d0i3_suspend,
> + */
> +
>   static int hda_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, bool runtime_suspend)
>   {
>   	struct sof_intel_hda_dev *hda = sdev->pdata->hw_pdata;
> @@ -480,8 +616,22 @@ int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
>   {
>   	struct sof_intel_hda_dev *hda = sdev->pdata->hw_pdata;
>   	struct pci_dev *pci = to_pci_dev(sdev->dev);
> +	const struct sof_dsp_power_state target_state = {
> +		.state = SOF_DSP_PM_D0,
> +		.substate = SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I0,
> +	};
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	/* resume from D0I3 */
> +	if (sdev->dsp_power_state.state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0) {
> +		/* Set DSP power state */
> +		ret = hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
> +		if (ret < 0) {
> +			dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: setting dsp state %d substate %d\n",
> +				target_state.state, target_state.substate);
> +			return ret;
> +		}
>   
> -	if (sdev->system_suspend_target == SOF_SUSPEND_S0IX) {
>   		/* restore L1SEN bit */
>   		if (hda->l1_support_changed)
>   			snd_sof_dsp_update_bits(sdev, HDA_DSP_HDA_BAR,
> @@ -495,13 +645,27 @@ int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
>   	}
>   
>   	/* init hda controller. DSP cores will be powered up during fw boot */
> -	return hda_resume(sdev, false);
> +	ret = hda_resume(sdev, false);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);

Return value  of hda_dsp_set_power_state() seems to be checked or 
directly returned in other functions, any reason to not do it here?

> +	return ret;
>   }
>   
>   int hda_dsp_runtime_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
Mark Brown Jan. 30, 2020, 1:03 p.m. UTC | #2
On Thu, Jan 30, 2020 at 08:47:28AM +0100, Amadeusz Sławiński wrote:
> 
> 
> On 1/29/2020 11:07 PM, Pierre-Louis Bossart wrote:
> > From: Ranjani Sridharan <ranjani.sridharan@linux.intel.com>
> > 
> > The DSP device substates such as D0I0/D0I3
> > are platform-specific. Therefore, the d0_substate
> > field of struct snd_sof_dev is replaced
> > with the dsp_power_state field which represents the current
> > state of the DSP. This field holds both the device state
> > and the platform-specific substate values.

Please delete unneeded context from mails when replying.  Doing this
makes it much easier to find your reply in the message, helping ensure
it won't be missed by people scrolling through the irrelevant quoted
material.
Pierre-Louis Bossart Jan. 30, 2020, 1:34 p.m. UTC | #3
>> @@ -495,13 +645,27 @@ int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
>>       }
>>       /* init hda controller. DSP cores will be powered up during fw 
>> boot */
>> -    return hda_resume(sdev, false);
>> +    ret = hda_resume(sdev, false);
>> +    if (ret < 0)
>> +        return ret;
>> +
>> +    hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
> 
> Return value  of hda_dsp_set_power_state() seems to be checked or 
> directly returned in other functions, any reason to not do it here?

Good point Amadeusz, not sure why. And looking at the code, I am not 
sure either why we don't use the abstraction w/ .set_power_state() ?

intel/apl.c:    .set_power_state        = hda_dsp_set_power_state,
intel/cnl.c:    .set_power_state        = hda_dsp_set_power_state,


git grep snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state
sof/ipc.c:      ret = snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state(ipc->sdev, &target_state);
sof/ops.h:snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,

If the code can be platform-specific, we shouldn't make a direct call 
but go through the platform indirection. it's fine for now since the 
same routine is used in all cases but it's not scalable/future-proof.

Ranjani?
Sridharan, Ranjani Jan. 30, 2020, 3:33 p.m. UTC | #4
On Thu, Jan 30, 2020 at 7:07 AM Pierre-Louis Bossart <
pierre-louis.bossart@linux.intel.com> wrote:

>
> >> @@ -495,13 +645,27 @@ int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
> >>       }
> >>       /* init hda controller. DSP cores will be powered up during fw
> >> boot */
> >> -    return hda_resume(sdev, false);
> >> +    ret = hda_resume(sdev, false);
> >> +    if (ret < 0)
> >> +        return ret;
> >> +
> >> +    hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
> >
> > Return value  of hda_dsp_set_power_state() seems to be checked or
> > directly returned in other functions, any reason to not do it here?
>
> Good point Amadeusz, not sure why. And looking at the code, I am not
> sure either why we don't use the abstraction w/ .set_power_state() ?
>
> intel/apl.c:    .set_power_state        = hda_dsp_set_power_state,
> intel/cnl.c:    .set_power_state        = hda_dsp_set_power_state,
>
>
> git grep snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state
> sof/ipc.c:      ret = snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state(ipc->sdev,
> &target_state);
> sof/ops.h:snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
>
> If the code can be platform-specific, we shouldn't make a direct call
> but go through the platform indirection. it's fine for now since the
> same routine is used in all cases but it's not scalable/future-proof.
>
> Ranjani?
>
Hi Amadeusz/Pierre,

This seems like a miss. We should have returned the value of
hda_set_power_state() directly here.

And to address your point, Pierre. This is the platform-specific code, so
the use of hda_dsp_set_power_state() should be permitted no? Whereas, the
part that uses this function in ipc.c is not platform-specific.
Thanks,
Ranjani
Pierre-Louis Bossart Jan. 30, 2020, 6:35 p.m. UTC | #5
>>>> @@ -495,13 +645,27 @@ int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
>>>>        }
>>>>        /* init hda controller. DSP cores will be powered up during fw
>>>> boot */
>>>> -    return hda_resume(sdev, false);
>>>> +    ret = hda_resume(sdev, false);
>>>> +    if (ret < 0)
>>>> +        return ret;
>>>> +
>>>> +    hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
>>>
>>> Return value  of hda_dsp_set_power_state() seems to be checked or
>>> directly returned in other functions, any reason to not do it here?

> This seems like a miss. We should have returned the value of
> hda_set_power_state() directly here.
> 
> And to address your point, Pierre. This is the platform-specific code, so
> the use of hda_dsp_set_power_state() should be permitted no? Whereas, the
> part that uses this function in ipc.c is not platform-specific.

Well, what do we mean by 'platform-specific'? Here we have two different 
architectures (APL and CNL) and we'll likely see more.
We can also consider that all this code is a common library for all 
HDaudio platforms. I just wanted to make sure we don't take shortcuts.

At any rate, the return value needs to be fixed, we can discuss further 
on the HDaudio code partition in future evolutions. I am not 100% happy 
with which file deals with what, things are a bit convoluted between 
hda.c hda-ctrl.c hda-dsp.c hda-pcm.c, etc.

Thanks
-Pierre

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/core.c b/sound/soc/sof/core.c
index 34cefbaf2d2a..1d07450aff77 100644
--- a/sound/soc/sof/core.c
+++ b/sound/soc/sof/core.c
@@ -286,8 +286,8 @@  int snd_sof_device_probe(struct device *dev, struct snd_sof_pdata *plat_data)
 	/* initialize sof device */
 	sdev->dev = dev;
 
-	/* initialize default D0 sub-state */
-	sdev->d0_substate = SOF_DSP_D0I0;
+	/* initialize default DSP power state */
+	sdev->dsp_power_state.state = SOF_DSP_PM_D0;
 
 	sdev->pdata = plat_data;
 	sdev->first_boot = true;
diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c b/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c
index fddf2c48904f..8c00e128a7b0 100644
--- a/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c
+++ b/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda-dsp.c
@@ -338,13 +338,10 @@  static int hda_dsp_send_pm_gate_ipc(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, u32 flags)
 				  sizeof(pm_gate), &reply, sizeof(reply));
 }
 
-int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
-			    enum sof_d0_substate d0_substate)
+static int hda_dsp_update_d0i3c_register(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, u8 value)
 {
 	struct hdac_bus *bus = sof_to_bus(sdev);
-	u32 flags;
 	int ret;
-	u8 value;
 
 	/* Write to D0I3C after Command-In-Progress bit is cleared */
 	ret = hda_dsp_wait_d0i3c_done(sdev);
@@ -354,7 +351,6 @@  int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
 	}
 
 	/* Update D0I3C register */
-	value = d0_substate == SOF_DSP_D0I3 ? SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3 : 0;
 	snd_hdac_chip_updateb(bus, VS_D0I3C, SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3, value);
 
 	/* Wait for cmd in progress to be cleared before exiting the function */
@@ -367,20 +363,160 @@  int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
 	dev_vdbg(bus->dev, "D0I3C updated, register = 0x%x\n",
 		 snd_hdac_chip_readb(bus, VS_D0I3C));
 
-	if (d0_substate == SOF_DSP_D0I0)
-		flags = HDA_PM_PPG;/* prevent power gating in D0 */
-	else
-		flags = HDA_PM_NO_DMA_TRACE;/* disable DMA trace in D0I3*/
+	return 0;
+}
 
-	/* sending pm_gate IPC */
-	ret = hda_dsp_send_pm_gate_ipc(sdev, flags);
+static int hda_dsp_set_D0_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
+				const struct sof_dsp_power_state *target_state)
+{
+	u32 flags = 0;
+	int ret;
+	u8 value = 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Sanity check for illegal state transitions
+	 * The only allowed transitions are:
+	 * 1. D3 -> D0I0
+	 * 2. D0I0 -> D0I3
+	 * 3. D0I3 -> D0I0
+	 */
+	switch (sdev->dsp_power_state.state) {
+	case SOF_DSP_PM_D0:
+		/* Follow the sequence below for D0 substate transitions */
+		break;
+	case SOF_DSP_PM_D3:
+		/* Follow regular flow for D3 -> D0 transition */
+		return 0;
+	default:
+		dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: transition from %d to %d not allowed\n",
+			sdev->dsp_power_state.state, target_state->state);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* Set flags and register value for D0 target substate */
+	if (target_state->substate == SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I3) {
+		value = SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3;
+
+		/* disable DMA trace in D0I3 */
+		flags = HDA_PM_NO_DMA_TRACE;
+	} else {
+		/* prevent power gating in D0I0 */
+		flags = HDA_PM_PPG;
+	}
+
+	/* update D0I3C register */
+	ret = hda_dsp_update_d0i3c_register(sdev, value);
 	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	/*
+	 * Notify the DSP of the state change.
+	 * If this IPC fails, revert the D0I3C register update in order
+	 * to prevent partial state change.
+	 */
+	ret = hda_dsp_send_pm_gate_ipc(sdev, flags);
+	if (ret < 0) {
 		dev_err(sdev->dev,
 			"error: PM_GATE ipc error %d\n", ret);
+		goto revert;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+
+revert:
+	/* fallback to the previous register value */
+	value = value ? 0 : SOF_HDA_VS_D0I3C_I3;
+
+	/*
+	 * This can fail but return the IPC error to signal that
+	 * the state change failed.
+	 */
+	hda_dsp_update_d0i3c_register(sdev, value);
 
 	return ret;
 }
 
+/*
+ * All DSP power state transitions are initiated by the driver.
+ * If the requested state change fails, the error is simply returned.
+ * Further state transitions are attempted only when the set_power_save() op
+ * is called again either because of a new IPC sent to the DSP or
+ * during system suspend/resume.
+ */
+int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
+			    const struct sof_dsp_power_state *target_state)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	/* Nothing to do if the DSP is already in the requested state */
+	if (target_state->state == sdev->dsp_power_state.state &&
+	    target_state->substate == sdev->dsp_power_state.substate)
+		return 0;
+
+	switch (target_state->state) {
+	case SOF_DSP_PM_D0:
+		ret = hda_dsp_set_D0_state(sdev, target_state);
+		break;
+	case SOF_DSP_PM_D3:
+		/* The only allowed transition is: D0I0 -> D3 */
+		if (sdev->dsp_power_state.state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0 &&
+		    sdev->dsp_power_state.substate == SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I0)
+			break;
+
+		dev_err(sdev->dev,
+			"error: transition from %d to %d not allowed\n",
+			sdev->dsp_power_state.state, target_state->state);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	default:
+		dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: target state unsupported %d\n",
+			target_state->state);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		dev_err(sdev->dev,
+			"failed to set requested target DSP state %d substate %d\n",
+			target_state->state, target_state->substate);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	sdev->dsp_power_state = *target_state;
+	dev_dbg(sdev->dev, "New DSP state %d substate %d\n",
+		target_state->state, target_state->substate);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Audio DSP states may transform as below:-
+ *
+ *                                         D0I3 compatible stream
+ *     Runtime    +---------------------+   opened only, timeout
+ *     suspend    |                     +--------------------+
+ *   +------------+       D0(active)    |                    |
+ *   |            |                     <---------------+    |
+ *   |   +-------->                     |               |    |
+ *   |   |Runtime +--^--+---------^--+--+ The last      |    |
+ *   |   |resume     |  |         |  |    opened D0I3   |    |
+ *   |   |           |  |         |  |    compatible    |    |
+ *   |   |     resume|  |         |  |    stream closed |    |
+ *   |   |      from |  | D3      |  |                  |    |
+ *   |   |       D3  |  |suspend  |  | d0i3             |    |
+ *   |   |           |  |         |  |suspend           |    |
+ *   |   |           |  |         |  |                  |    |
+ *   |   |           |  |         |  |                  |    |
+ * +-v---+-----------+--v-------+ |  |           +------+----v----+
+ * |                            | |  +----------->                |
+ * |       D3 (suspended)       | |              |      D0I3      +-----+
+ * |                            | +--------------+                |     |
+ * |                            |  resume from   |                |     |
+ * +-------------------^--------+  d0i3 suspend  +----------------+     |
+ *                     |                                                |
+ *                     |                       D3 suspend               |
+ *                     +------------------------------------------------+
+ *
+ * d0i3_suspend = s0_suspend && D0I3 stream opened,
+ * D3 suspend = !d0i3_suspend,
+ */
+
 static int hda_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, bool runtime_suspend)
 {
 	struct sof_intel_hda_dev *hda = sdev->pdata->hw_pdata;
@@ -480,8 +616,22 @@  int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 {
 	struct sof_intel_hda_dev *hda = sdev->pdata->hw_pdata;
 	struct pci_dev *pci = to_pci_dev(sdev->dev);
+	const struct sof_dsp_power_state target_state = {
+		.state = SOF_DSP_PM_D0,
+		.substate = SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I0,
+	};
+	int ret;
+
+	/* resume from D0I3 */
+	if (sdev->dsp_power_state.state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0) {
+		/* Set DSP power state */
+		ret = hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: setting dsp state %d substate %d\n",
+				target_state.state, target_state.substate);
+			return ret;
+		}
 
-	if (sdev->system_suspend_target == SOF_SUSPEND_S0IX) {
 		/* restore L1SEN bit */
 		if (hda->l1_support_changed)
 			snd_sof_dsp_update_bits(sdev, HDA_DSP_HDA_BAR,
@@ -495,13 +645,27 @@  int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 	}
 
 	/* init hda controller. DSP cores will be powered up during fw boot */
-	return hda_resume(sdev, false);
+	ret = hda_resume(sdev, false);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 int hda_dsp_runtime_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 {
+	const struct sof_dsp_power_state target_state = {
+		.state = SOF_DSP_PM_D0,
+	};
+	int ret;
+
 	/* init hda controller. DSP cores will be powered up during fw boot */
-	return hda_resume(sdev, true);
+	ret = hda_resume(sdev, true);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	return hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
 }
 
 int hda_dsp_runtime_idle(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
@@ -519,18 +683,41 @@  int hda_dsp_runtime_idle(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 
 int hda_dsp_runtime_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 {
+	const struct sof_dsp_power_state target_state = {
+		.state = SOF_DSP_PM_D3,
+	};
+	int ret;
+
 	/* stop hda controller and power dsp off */
-	return hda_suspend(sdev, true);
+	ret = hda_suspend(sdev, true);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	return hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_state);
 }
 
-int hda_dsp_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
+int hda_dsp_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, u32 target_state)
 {
 	struct sof_intel_hda_dev *hda = sdev->pdata->hw_pdata;
 	struct hdac_bus *bus = sof_to_bus(sdev);
 	struct pci_dev *pci = to_pci_dev(sdev->dev);
+	const struct sof_dsp_power_state target_dsp_state = {
+		.state = target_state,
+		.substate = target_state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0 ?
+				SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I3 : 0,
+	};
 	int ret;
 
-	if (sdev->system_suspend_target == SOF_SUSPEND_S0IX) {
+	if (target_state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0) {
+		/* Set DSP power state */
+		ret = hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_dsp_state);
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: setting dsp state %d substate %d\n",
+				target_dsp_state.state,
+				target_dsp_state.substate);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
 		/* enable L1SEN to make sure the system can enter S0Ix */
 		hda->l1_support_changed =
 			snd_sof_dsp_update_bits(sdev, HDA_DSP_HDA_BAR,
@@ -551,7 +738,7 @@  int hda_dsp_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 		return ret;
 	}
 
-	return 0;
+	return hda_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, &target_dsp_state);
 }
 
 int hda_dsp_set_hw_params_upon_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda.h b/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda.h
index 6191d9192fae..02c2a7eadb1b 100644
--- a/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda.h
+++ b/sound/soc/sof/intel/hda.h
@@ -392,6 +392,12 @@  struct sof_intel_dsp_bdl {
 #define SOF_HDA_PLAYBACK		0
 #define SOF_HDA_CAPTURE			1
 
+/* HDA DSP D0 substate */
+enum sof_hda_D0_substate {
+	SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I0,	/* default D0 substate */
+	SOF_HDA_DSP_PM_D0I3,	/* low power D0 substate */
+};
+
 /* represents DSP HDA controller frontend - i.e. host facing control */
 struct sof_intel_hda_dev {
 
@@ -469,9 +475,9 @@  void hda_dsp_ipc_int_enable(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev);
 void hda_dsp_ipc_int_disable(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev);
 
 int hda_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
-			    enum sof_d0_substate d0_substate);
+			    const struct sof_dsp_power_state *target_state);
 
-int hda_dsp_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev);
+int hda_dsp_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, u32 target_state);
 int hda_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev);
 int hda_dsp_runtime_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev);
 int hda_dsp_runtime_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev);
diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/ops.h b/sound/soc/sof/ops.h
index e929a6e0058f..7f532bcc8e9d 100644
--- a/sound/soc/sof/ops.h
+++ b/sound/soc/sof/ops.h
@@ -146,10 +146,11 @@  static inline int snd_sof_dsp_resume(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static inline int snd_sof_dsp_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
+static inline int snd_sof_dsp_suspend(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
+				      u32 target_state)
 {
 	if (sof_ops(sdev)->suspend)
-		return sof_ops(sdev)->suspend(sdev);
+		return sof_ops(sdev)->suspend(sdev, target_state);
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -193,14 +194,15 @@  static inline int snd_sof_dsp_set_clk(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev, u32 freq)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static inline int snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
-					      enum sof_d0_substate substate)
+static inline int
+snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
+			    const struct sof_dsp_power_state *target_state)
 {
 	if (sof_ops(sdev)->set_power_state)
-		return sof_ops(sdev)->set_power_state(sdev, substate);
+		return sof_ops(sdev)->set_power_state(sdev, target_state);
 
-	/* D0 substate is not supported */
-	return -ENOTSUPP;
+	/* D0 substate is not supported, do nothing here. */
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /* debug */
diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/pm.c b/sound/soc/sof/pm.c
index bec25cb6beec..c410822d9920 100644
--- a/sound/soc/sof/pm.c
+++ b/sound/soc/sof/pm.c
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@  static void sof_cache_debugfs(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev)
 static int sof_resume(struct device *dev, bool runtime_resume)
 {
 	struct snd_sof_dev *sdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
-	enum sof_d0_substate old_d0_substate = sdev->d0_substate;
+	u32 old_state = sdev->dsp_power_state.state;
 	int ret;
 
 	/* do nothing if dsp resume callbacks are not set */
@@ -97,17 +97,6 @@  static int sof_resume(struct device *dev, bool runtime_resume)
 	if (sdev->first_boot)
 		return 0;
 
-	/* resume from D0I3 */
-	if (!runtime_resume && old_d0_substate == SOF_DSP_D0I3) {
-		ret = snd_sof_set_d0_substate(sdev, SOF_DSP_D0I0);
-		if (ret < 0 && ret != -ENOTSUPP) {
-			dev_err(sdev->dev,
-				"error: failed to resume from D0I3 %d\n",
-				ret);
-			return ret;
-		}
-	}
-
 	/*
 	 * if the runtime_resume flag is set, call the runtime_resume routine
 	 * or else call the system resume routine
@@ -122,8 +111,8 @@  static int sof_resume(struct device *dev, bool runtime_resume)
 		return ret;
 	}
 
-	/* Nothing further to do if resuming from D0I3 */
-	if (!runtime_resume && old_d0_substate == SOF_DSP_D0I3)
+	/* Nothing further to do if resuming from a low-power D0 substate */
+	if (!runtime_resume && old_state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0)
 		return 0;
 
 	sdev->fw_state = SOF_FW_BOOT_PREPARE;
@@ -176,15 +165,13 @@  static int sof_resume(struct device *dev, bool runtime_resume)
 			"error: ctx_restore ipc error during resume %d\n",
 			ret);
 
-	/* initialize default D0 sub-state */
-	sdev->d0_substate = SOF_DSP_D0I0;
-
 	return ret;
 }
 
 static int sof_suspend(struct device *dev, bool runtime_suspend)
 {
 	struct snd_sof_dev *sdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	u32 target_state = 0;
 	int ret;
 
 	/* do nothing if dsp suspend callback is not set */
@@ -205,18 +192,11 @@  static int sof_suspend(struct device *dev, bool runtime_suspend)
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (snd_sof_dsp_power_target(sdev) == SOF_DSP_PM_D0) {
-		/* suspend to D0i3 */
-		ret = snd_sof_set_d0_substate(sdev, SOF_DSP_D0I3);
-		if (ret < 0) {
-			dev_err(sdev->dev, "error: failed to enter D0I3, %d\n",
-				ret);
-			return ret;
-		}
+	target_state = snd_sof_dsp_power_target(sdev);
 
-		/* Skip to platform-specific suspend if DSP is entering D0I3 */
+	/* Skip to platform-specific suspend if DSP is entering D0 */
+	if (target_state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0)
 		goto suspend;
-	}
 
 	/* release trace */
 	snd_sof_release_trace(sdev);
@@ -254,14 +234,14 @@  static int sof_suspend(struct device *dev, bool runtime_suspend)
 	if (runtime_suspend)
 		ret = snd_sof_dsp_runtime_suspend(sdev);
 	else
-		ret = snd_sof_dsp_suspend(sdev);
+		ret = snd_sof_dsp_suspend(sdev, target_state);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		dev_err(sdev->dev,
 			"error: failed to power down DSP during suspend %d\n",
 			ret);
 
-	/* Do not reset FW state if DSP is in D0I3 */
-	if (sdev->d0_substate == SOF_DSP_D0I3)
+	/* Do not reset FW state if DSP is in D0 */
+	if (target_state == SOF_DSP_PM_D0)
 		return ret;
 
 	/* reset FW state */
@@ -290,58 +270,6 @@  int snd_sof_runtime_resume(struct device *dev)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_sof_runtime_resume);
 
-int snd_sof_set_d0_substate(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
-			    enum sof_d0_substate d0_substate)
-{
-	int ret;
-
-	if (sdev->d0_substate == d0_substate)
-		return 0;
-
-	/* do platform specific set_state */
-	ret = snd_sof_dsp_set_power_state(sdev, d0_substate);
-	if (ret < 0)
-		return ret;
-
-	/* update dsp D0 sub-state */
-	sdev->d0_substate = d0_substate;
-
-	return 0;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_sof_set_d0_substate);
-
-/*
- * Audio DSP states may transform as below:-
- *
- *                                         D0I3 compatible stream
- *     Runtime    +---------------------+   opened only, timeout
- *     suspend    |                     +--------------------+
- *   +------------+       D0(active)    |                    |
- *   |            |                     <---------------+    |
- *   |   +-------->                     |               |    |
- *   |   |Runtime +--^--+---------^--+--+ The last      |    |
- *   |   |resume     |  |         |  |    opened D0I3   |    |
- *   |   |           |  |         |  |    compatible    |    |
- *   |   |     resume|  |         |  |    stream closed |    |
- *   |   |      from |  | D3      |  |                  |    |
- *   |   |       D3  |  |suspend  |  | d0i3             |    |
- *   |   |           |  |         |  |suspend           |    |
- *   |   |           |  |         |  |                  |    |
- *   |   |           |  |         |  |                  |    |
- * +-v---+-----------+--v-------+ |  |           +------+----v----+
- * |                            | |  +----------->                |
- * |       D3 (suspended)       | |              |      D0I3      +-----+
- * |                            | +--------------+                |     |
- * |                            |  resume from   |                |     |
- * +-------------------^--------+  d0i3 suspend  +----------------+     |
- *                     |                                                |
- *                     |                       D3 suspend               |
- *                     +------------------------------------------------+
- *
- * d0i3_suspend = s0_suspend && D0I3 stream opened,
- * D3 suspend = !d0i3_suspend,
- */
-
 int snd_sof_resume(struct device *dev)
 {
 	return sof_resume(dev, false);
diff --git a/sound/soc/sof/sof-priv.h b/sound/soc/sof/sof-priv.h
index a7c6109acd98..ef33aaadbc31 100644
--- a/sound/soc/sof/sof-priv.h
+++ b/sound/soc/sof/sof-priv.h
@@ -64,10 +64,9 @@  enum sof_dsp_power_states {
 	SOF_DSP_PM_D3_COLD,
 };
 
-/* DSP D0ix sub-state */
-enum sof_d0_substate {
-	SOF_DSP_D0I0 = 0,	/* DSP default D0 substate */
-	SOF_DSP_D0I3,		/* DSP D0i3(low power) substate*/
+struct sof_dsp_power_state {
+	u32 state;
+	u32 substate; /* platform-specific */
 };
 
 /* System suspend target state */
@@ -186,14 +185,15 @@  struct snd_sof_dsp_ops {
 	int (*post_fw_run)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev); /* optional */
 
 	/* DSP PM */
-	int (*suspend)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev); /* optional */
+	int (*suspend)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev,
+		       u32 target_state); /* optional */
 	int (*resume)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev); /* optional */
 	int (*runtime_suspend)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev); /* optional */
 	int (*runtime_resume)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev); /* optional */
 	int (*runtime_idle)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev); /* optional */
 	int (*set_hw_params_upon_resume)(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev); /* optional */
 	int (*set_power_state)(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
-			       enum sof_d0_substate d0_substate); /* optional */
+			       const struct sof_dsp_power_state *target_state); /* optional */
 
 	/* DSP clocking */
 	int (*set_clk)(struct snd_sof_dev *sof_dev, u32 freq); /* optional */
@@ -340,8 +340,8 @@  struct snd_sof_dev {
 	 */
 	struct snd_soc_component_driver plat_drv;
 
-	/* power states related */
-	enum sof_d0_substate d0_substate;
+	/* current DSP power state */
+	struct sof_dsp_power_state dsp_power_state;
 
 	/* Intended power target of system suspend */
 	enum sof_system_suspend_state system_suspend_target;
@@ -435,8 +435,6 @@  int snd_sof_resume(struct device *dev);
 int snd_sof_suspend(struct device *dev);
 int snd_sof_prepare(struct device *dev);
 void snd_sof_complete(struct device *dev);
-int snd_sof_set_d0_substate(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev,
-			    enum sof_d0_substate d0_substate);
 
 void snd_sof_new_platform_drv(struct snd_sof_dev *sdev);