[v5,08/14] mm/damon: Add debugfs interface
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200217102544.29012-9-sjpark@amazon.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Introduce Data Access MONitor (DAMON)
Related show

Commit Message

SeongJae Park Feb. 17, 2020, 10:25 a.m. UTC
From: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>

This commit adds a debugfs interface for DAMON.

DAMON exports four files, ``attrs``, ``pids``, ``record``, and
``monitor_on`` under its debugfs directory, ``<debugfs>/damon/``.

Attributes
----------

Users can read and write the ``sampling interval``, ``aggregation
interval``, ``regions update interval``, and min/max number of
monitoring target regions by reading from and writing to the ``attrs``
file.  For example, below commands set those values to 5 ms, 100 ms,
1,000 ms, 10, 1000 and check it again::

    # cd <debugfs>/damon
    # echo 5000 100000 1000000 10 1000 > attrs
    # cat attrs
    5000 100000 1000000 10 1000

Target PIDs
-----------

Users can read and write the pids of current monitoring target processes
by reading from and writing to the ``pids`` file.  For example, below
commands set processes having pids 42 and 4242 as the processes to be
monitored and check it again::

    # cd <debugfs>/damon
    # echo 42 4242 > pids
    # cat pids
    42 4242

Note that setting the pids doesn't starts the monitoring.

Record
------

DAMON support direct monitoring result record feature.  The recorded
results are first written to a buffer and flushed to a file in batch.
Users can set the size of the buffer and the path to the result file by
reading from and writing to the ``record`` file.  For example, below
commands set the buffer to be 4 KiB and the result to be saved in
'/damon.data'.

    # cd <debugfs>/damon
    # echo 4096 /damon.data > pids
    # cat record
    4096 /damon.data

Turning On/Off
--------------

You can check current status, start and stop the monitoring by reading
from and writing to the ``monitor_on`` file.  Writing ``on`` to the file
starts DAMON to monitor the target processes with the attributes.
Writing ``off`` to the file stops DAMON.  DAMON also stops if every
target processes is be terminated.  Below example commands turn on, off,
and check status of DAMON::

    # cd <debugfs>/damon
    # echo on > monitor_on
    # echo off > monitor_on
    # cat monitor_on
    off

Please note that you cannot write to the ``attrs`` and ``pids`` files
while the monitoring is turned on.  If you write to the files while
DAMON is running, ``-EINVAL`` will be returned.

Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
---
 mm/damon.c | 376 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 375 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/mm/damon.c b/mm/damon.c
index 45d82128e3ac..6deccab354e9 100644
--- a/mm/damon.c
+++ b/mm/damon.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ 
 #define pr_fmt(fmt) "damon: " fmt
 
 #include <linux/damon.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
 #include <linux/delay.h>
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
@@ -46,6 +47,24 @@ 
 /* Get a random number in [l, r) */
 #define damon_rand(ctx, l, r) (l + prandom_u32_state(&ctx->rndseed) % (r - l))
 
+/*
+ * For each 'sample_interval', DAMON checks whether each region is accessed or
+ * not.  It aggregates and keeps the access information (number of accesses to
+ * each region) for 'aggr_interval' and then flushes it to the result buffer if
+ * an 'aggr_interval' surpassed.  And for each 'regions_update_interval', damon
+ * checks whether the memory mapping of the target tasks has changed (e.g., by
+ * mmap() calls from the applications) and applies the changes.
+ *
+ * All time intervals are in micro-seconds.
+ */
+static struct damon_ctx damon_user_ctx = {
+	.sample_interval = 5 * 1000,
+	.aggr_interval = 100 * 1000,
+	.regions_update_interval = 1000 * 1000,
+	.min_nr_regions = 10,
+	.max_nr_regions = 1000,
+};
+
 /*
  * Construct a damon_region struct
  *
@@ -1024,15 +1043,370 @@  int damon_set_attrs(struct damon_ctx *ctx, unsigned long sample_int,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/*
+ * debugfs functions
+ */
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_monitor_on_read(struct file *file,
+		char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	char monitor_on_buf[5];
+	bool monitor_on;
+	int ret;
+
+	spin_lock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+	monitor_on = ctx->kdamond != NULL;
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+
+	ret = snprintf(monitor_on_buf, 5, monitor_on ? "on\n" : "off\n");
+
+	return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, monitor_on_buf, ret);
+}
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_monitor_on_write(struct file *file,
+		const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	ssize_t ret;
+	bool on = false;
+	char cmdbuf[5];
+
+	ret = simple_write_to_buffer(cmdbuf, 5, ppos, buf, count);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (sscanf(cmdbuf, "%s", cmdbuf) != 1)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (!strncmp(cmdbuf, "on", 5))
+		on = true;
+	else if (!strncmp(cmdbuf, "off", 5))
+		on = false;
+	else
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (damon_turn_kdamond(ctx, on))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t damon_sprint_pids(struct damon_ctx *ctx, char *buf, ssize_t len)
+{
+	struct damon_task *t;
+	int written = 0;
+	int rc;
+
+	damon_for_each_task(ctx, t) {
+		rc = snprintf(&buf[written], len - written, "%lu ", t->pid);
+		if (!rc)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		written += rc;
+	}
+	if (written)
+		written -= 1;
+	written += snprintf(&buf[written], len - written, "\n");
+	return written;
+}
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_pids_read(struct file *file,
+		char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	ssize_t len;
+	char pids_buf[320];
+
+	len = damon_sprint_pids(ctx, pids_buf, 320);
+	if (len < 0)
+		return len;
+
+	return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, pids_buf, len);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Converts a string into an array of unsigned long integers
+ *
+ * Returns an array of unsigned long integers if the conversion success, or
+ * NULL otherwise.
+ */
+static unsigned long *str_to_pids(const char *str, ssize_t len,
+				ssize_t *nr_pids)
+{
+	unsigned long *pids;
+	const int max_nr_pids = 32;
+	unsigned long pid;
+	int pos = 0, parsed, ret;
+
+	*nr_pids = 0;
+	pids = kmalloc_array(max_nr_pids, sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!pids)
+		return NULL;
+	while (*nr_pids < max_nr_pids && pos < len) {
+		ret = sscanf(&str[pos], "%lu%n", &pid, &parsed);
+		pos += parsed;
+		if (ret != 1)
+			break;
+		pids[*nr_pids] = pid;
+		*nr_pids += 1;
+	}
+	if (*nr_pids == 0) {
+		kfree(pids);
+		pids = NULL;
+	}
+
+	return pids;
+}
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_pids_write(struct file *file,
+		const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	char *kbuf;
+	unsigned long *targets;
+	ssize_t nr_targets;
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	kbuf = kmalloc_array(count, sizeof(char), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!kbuf)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ret = simple_write_to_buffer(kbuf, 512, ppos, buf, count);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto out;
+
+	targets = str_to_pids(kbuf, ret, &nr_targets);
+	if (!targets) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	spin_lock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+	if (ctx->kdamond)
+		goto monitor_running;
+
+	damon_set_pids(ctx, targets, nr_targets);
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+
+	goto free_targets_out;
+
+monitor_running:
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+	pr_err("%s: kdamond is running. Turn it off first.\n", __func__);
+	ret = -EINVAL;
+free_targets_out:
+	kfree(targets);
+out:
+	kfree(kbuf);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_record_read(struct file *file,
+		char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	char record_buf[20 + MAX_RFILE_PATH_LEN];
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = snprintf(record_buf, ARRAY_SIZE(record_buf), "%u %s\n",
+			ctx->rbuf_len, ctx->rfile_path);
+	return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, record_buf, ret);
+}
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_record_write(struct file *file,
+		const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	char *kbuf;
+	unsigned int rbuf_len;
+	char rfile_path[MAX_RFILE_PATH_LEN];
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	kbuf = kmalloc_array(count, sizeof(char), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!kbuf)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ret = simple_write_to_buffer(kbuf, count, ppos, buf, count);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto out;
+	if (sscanf(kbuf, "%u %s",
+				&rbuf_len, rfile_path) != 2) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	spin_lock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+	if (ctx->kdamond)
+		goto monitor_running;
+
+	damon_set_recording(ctx, rbuf_len, rfile_path);
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+
+	goto out;
+
+monitor_running:
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+	pr_err("%s: kdamond is running. Turn it off first.\n", __func__);
+	ret = -EINVAL;
+out:
+	kfree(kbuf);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_attrs_read(struct file *file,
+		char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	char kbuf[128];
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = snprintf(kbuf, ARRAY_SIZE(kbuf), "%lu %lu %lu %lu %lu\n",
+			ctx->sample_interval, ctx->aggr_interval,
+			ctx->regions_update_interval, ctx->min_nr_regions,
+			ctx->max_nr_regions);
+
+	return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, kbuf, ret);
+}
+
+static ssize_t debugfs_attrs_write(struct file *file,
+		const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+	unsigned long s, a, r, minr, maxr;
+	char *kbuf;
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	kbuf = kmalloc_array(count, sizeof(char), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!kbuf)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ret = simple_write_to_buffer(kbuf, count, ppos, buf, count);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto out;
+
+	if (sscanf(kbuf, "%lu %lu %lu %lu %lu",
+				&s, &a, &r, &minr, &maxr) != 5) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	spin_lock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+	if (ctx->kdamond)
+		goto monitor_running;
+
+	damon_set_attrs(ctx, s, a, r, minr, maxr);
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+
+	goto out;
+
+monitor_running:
+	spin_unlock(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+	pr_err("%s: kdamond is running. Turn it off first.\n", __func__);
+	ret = -EINVAL;
+out:
+	kfree(kbuf);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations monitor_on_fops = {
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+	.read = debugfs_monitor_on_read,
+	.write = debugfs_monitor_on_write,
+};
+
+static const struct file_operations pids_fops = {
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+	.read = debugfs_pids_read,
+	.write = debugfs_pids_write,
+};
+
+static const struct file_operations record_fops = {
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+	.read = debugfs_record_read,
+	.write = debugfs_record_write,
+};
+
+static const struct file_operations attrs_fops = {
+	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
+	.read = debugfs_attrs_read,
+	.write = debugfs_attrs_write,
+};
+
+static struct dentry *debugfs_root;
+
+static int __init debugfs_init(void)
+{
+	const char * const file_names[] = {"attrs", "record",
+		"pids", "monitor_on"};
+	const struct file_operations *fops[] = {&attrs_fops, &record_fops,
+		&pids_fops, &monitor_on_fops};
+	int i;
+
+	debugfs_root = debugfs_create_dir("damon", NULL);
+	if (!debugfs_root) {
+		pr_err("failed to create the debugfs dir\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(file_names); i++) {
+		if (!debugfs_create_file(file_names[i], 0600, debugfs_root,
+					NULL, fops[i])) {
+			pr_err("failed to create %s file\n", file_names[i]);
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init damon_init_user_ctx(void)
+{
+	int rc;
+
+	struct damon_ctx *ctx = &damon_user_ctx;
+
+	ktime_get_coarse_ts64(&ctx->last_aggregation);
+	ctx->last_regions_update = ctx->last_aggregation;
+
+	ctx->rbuf_offset = 0;
+	rc = damon_set_recording(ctx, 1024 * 1024, "/damon.data");
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	ctx->kdamond = NULL;
+	ctx->kdamond_stop = false;
+	spin_lock_init(&ctx->kdamond_lock);
+
+	prandom_seed_state(&ctx->rndseed, 42);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->tasks_list);
+
+	ctx->sample_cb = NULL;
+	ctx->aggregate_cb = NULL;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int __init damon_init(void)
 {
+	int rc;
+
 	pr_info("init\n");
 
-	return 0;
+	rc = damon_init_user_ctx();
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	return debugfs_init();
 }
 
 static void __exit damon_exit(void)
 {
+	damon_turn_kdamond(&damon_user_ctx, false);
+	debugfs_remove_recursive(debugfs_root);
+
+	kfree(damon_user_ctx.rbuf);
+	kfree(damon_user_ctx.rfile_path);
+
 	pr_info("exit\n");
 }