[v3,1/5] mm/memremap_pages: Introduce memremap_compat_align()
diff mbox series

Message ID 158291747142.1609624.18276461572536139551.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
State Superseded
Headers show
Series
  • libnvdimm: Cross-arch compatible namespace alignment
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Commit Message

Williams, Dan J Feb. 28, 2020, 7:17 p.m. UTC
The "sub-section memory hotplug" facility allows memremap_pages() users
like libnvdimm to compensate for hardware platforms like x86 that have a
section size larger than their hardware memory mapping granularity.  The
compensation that sub-section support affords is being tolerant of
physical memory resources shifting by units smaller (64MiB on x86) than
the memory-hotplug section size (128 MiB). Where the platform
physical-memory mapping granularity is limited by the number and
capability of address-decode-registers in the memory controller.

While the sub-section support allows memremap_pages() to operate on
sub-section (2MiB) granularity, the Power architecture may still
require 16MiB alignment on "!radix_enabled()" platforms.

In order for libnvdimm to be able to detect and manage this per-arch
limitation, introduce memremap_compat_align() as a common minimum
alignment across all driver-facing memory-mapping interfaces, and let
Power override it to 16MiB in the "!radix_enabled()" case.

The assumption / requirement for 16MiB to be a viable
memremap_compat_align() value is that Power does not have platforms
where its equivalent of address-decode-registers never hardware remaps a
persistent memory resource on smaller than 16MiB boundaries. Note that I
tried my best to not add a new Kconfig symbol, but header include
entanglements defeated the #ifndef memremap_compat_align design pattern
and the need to export it defeats the __weak design pattern for arch
overrides.

Based on an initial patch by Aneesh.

Link: http://lore.kernel.org/r/CAPcyv4gBGNP95APYaBcsocEa50tQj9b5h__83vgngjq3ouGX_Q@mail.gmail.com
Reported-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Reported-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 arch/powerpc/Kconfig      |    1 +
 arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c |   21 +++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c |    2 +-
 include/linux/memremap.h  |    8 ++++++++
 include/linux/mmzone.h    |    1 +
 lib/Kconfig               |    3 +++
 mm/memremap.c             |   23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Comments

Aneesh Kumar K.V March 2, 2020, 12:01 p.m. UTC | #1
Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> writes:

> The "sub-section memory hotplug" facility allows memremap_pages() users
> like libnvdimm to compensate for hardware platforms like x86 that have a
> section size larger than their hardware memory mapping granularity.  The
> compensation that sub-section support affords is being tolerant of
> physical memory resources shifting by units smaller (64MiB on x86) than
> the memory-hotplug section size (128 MiB). Where the platform
> physical-memory mapping granularity is limited by the number and
> capability of address-decode-registers in the memory controller.
>
> While the sub-section support allows memremap_pages() to operate on
> sub-section (2MiB) granularity, the Power architecture may still
> require 16MiB alignment on "!radix_enabled()" platforms.
>
> In order for libnvdimm to be able to detect and manage this per-arch
> limitation, introduce memremap_compat_align() as a common minimum
> alignment across all driver-facing memory-mapping interfaces, and let
> Power override it to 16MiB in the "!radix_enabled()" case.
>
> The assumption / requirement for 16MiB to be a viable
> memremap_compat_align() value is that Power does not have platforms
> where its equivalent of address-decode-registers never hardware remaps a
> persistent memory resource on smaller than 16MiB boundaries. Note that I
> tried my best to not add a new Kconfig symbol, but header include
> entanglements defeated the #ifndef memremap_compat_align design pattern
> and the need to export it defeats the __weak design pattern for arch
> overrides.
>
> Based on an initial patch by Aneesh.
>
Reviewed-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>

> Link: http://lore.kernel.org/r/CAPcyv4gBGNP95APYaBcsocEa50tQj9b5h__83vgngjq3ouGX_Q@mail.gmail.com
> Reported-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
> Reported-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/Kconfig      |    1 +
>  arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c |   21 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c |    2 +-
>  include/linux/memremap.h  |    8 ++++++++
>  include/linux/mmzone.h    |    1 +
>  lib/Kconfig               |    3 +++
>  mm/memremap.c             |   23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>  7 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
index 497b7d0b2d7e..e6ffe905e2b9 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
@@ -122,6 +122,7 @@  config PPC
 	select ARCH_HAS_GCOV_PROFILE_ALL
 	select ARCH_HAS_KCOV
 	select ARCH_HAS_HUGEPD			if HUGETLB_PAGE
+	select ARCH_HAS_MEMREMAP_COMPAT_ALIGN
 	select ARCH_HAS_MMIOWB			if PPC64
 	select ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA
 	select ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c
index fc669643ce6a..b1a0aebe8c48 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/ioremap.c
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@ 
 
 #include <linux/io.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/mmzone.h>
 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
 #include <asm/io-workarounds.h>
 
@@ -97,3 +98,23 @@  void __iomem *do_ioremap(phys_addr_t pa, phys_addr_t offset, unsigned long size,
 
 	return NULL;
 }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
+/*
+ * Override the generic version in mm/memremap.c.
+ *
+ * With hash translation, the direct-map range is mapped with just one
+ * page size selected by htab_init_page_sizes(). Consult
+ * mmu_psize_defs[] to determine the minimum page size alignment.
+*/
+unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void)
+{
+	unsigned int shift = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_linear_psize].shift;
+
+	if (radix_enabled())
+		return SUBSECTION_SIZE;
+	return max(SUBSECTION_SIZE, 1UL << shift);
+
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(memremap_compat_align);
+#endif
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
index b94f7a7e94b8..a5c25cb87116 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
@@ -750,7 +750,7 @@  static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 	start = nsio->res.start;
 	size = resource_size(&nsio->res);
 	npfns = PHYS_PFN(size - SZ_8K);
-	align = max(nd_pfn->align, (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT));
+	align = max(nd_pfn->align, SUBSECTION_SIZE);
 	end_trunc = start + size - ALIGN_DOWN(start + size, align);
 	if (nd_pfn->mode == PFN_MODE_PMEM) {
 		/*
diff --git a/include/linux/memremap.h b/include/linux/memremap.h
index 6fefb09af7c3..8af1cbd8f293 100644
--- a/include/linux/memremap.h
+++ b/include/linux/memremap.h
@@ -132,6 +132,7 @@  struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
 
 unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
 void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns);
+unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void);
 #else
 static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev,
 		struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
@@ -165,6 +166,12 @@  static inline void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap,
 		unsigned long nr_pfns)
 {
 }
+
+/* when memremap_pages() is disabled all archs can remap a single page */
+static inline unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void)
+{
+	return PAGE_SIZE;
+}
 #endif /* CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE */
 
 static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
@@ -172,4 +179,5 @@  static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	if (pgmap)
 		percpu_ref_put(pgmap->ref);
 }
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 462f6873905a..6b77f7239af5 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -1170,6 +1170,7 @@  static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
 #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn)	((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
 
 #define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21
+#define SUBSECTION_SIZE (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
 
 #define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
 #define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig b/lib/Kconfig
index bc7e56370129..5d53f9609c25 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig
+++ b/lib/Kconfig
@@ -615,6 +615,9 @@  config ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API
 config MEMREGION
 	bool
 
+config ARCH_HAS_MEMREMAP_COMPAT_ALIGN
+	bool
+
 # use memcpy to implement user copies for nommu architectures
 config UACCESS_MEMCPY
 	bool
diff --git a/mm/memremap.c b/mm/memremap.c
index 09b5b7adc773..3e7afaf05639 100644
--- a/mm/memremap.c
+++ b/mm/memremap.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/pfn_t.h>
 #include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/mmzone.h>
 #include <linux/swapops.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
 #include <linux/wait_bit.h>
@@ -14,6 +15,28 @@ 
 
 static DEFINE_XARRAY(pgmap_array);
 
+/*
+ * The memremap() and memremap_pages() interfaces are alternately used
+ * to map persistent memory namespaces. These interfaces place different
+ * constraints on the alignment and size of the mapping (namespace).
+ * memremap() can map individual PAGE_SIZE pages. memremap_pages() can
+ * only map subsections (2MB), and at least one architecture (PowerPC)
+ * the minimum mapping granularity of memremap_pages() is 16MB.
+ *
+ * The role of memremap_compat_align() is to communicate the minimum
+ * arch supported alignment of a namespace such that it can freely
+ * switch modes without violating the arch constraint. Namely, do not
+ * allow a namespace to be PAGE_SIZE aligned since that namespace may be
+ * reconfigured into a mode that requires SUBSECTION_SIZE alignment.
+ */
+#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMREMAP_COMPAT_ALIGN
+unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void)
+{
+	return SUBSECTION_SIZE;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(memremap_compat_align);
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
 DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key);
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(devmap_managed_key);