[v2,1/2] KEYS: Don't write out to userspace while holding key semaphore
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200308170410.14166-2-longman@redhat.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • KEYS: Read keys to internal buffer & then copy to userspace
Related show

Commit Message

Waiman Long March 8, 2020, 5:04 p.m. UTC
A lockdep circular locking dependency report was seen when running a
keyutils test:

[12537.027242] ======================================================
[12537.059309] WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
[12537.088148] 4.18.0-147.7.1.el8_1.x86_64+debug #1 Tainted: G OE    --------- -  -
[12537.125253] ------------------------------------------------------
[12537.153189] keyctl/25598 is trying to acquire lock:
[12537.175087] 000000007c39f96c (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}, at: __might_fault+0xc4/0x1b0
[12537.208365]
[12537.208365] but task is already holding lock:
[12537.234507] 000000003de5b58d (&type->lock_class){++++}, at: keyctl_read_key+0x15a/0x220
[12537.270476]
[12537.270476] which lock already depends on the new lock.
[12537.270476]
[12537.307209]
[12537.307209] the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
[12537.340754]
[12537.340754] -> #3 (&type->lock_class){++++}:
[12537.367434]        down_write+0x4d/0x110
[12537.385202]        __key_link_begin+0x87/0x280
[12537.405232]        request_key_and_link+0x483/0xf70
[12537.427221]        request_key+0x3c/0x80
[12537.444839]        dns_query+0x1db/0x5a5 [dns_resolver]
[12537.468445]        dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip+0x1e1/0x4d0 [cifs]
[12537.496731]        cifs_reconnect+0xe04/0x2500 [cifs]
[12537.519418]        cifs_readv_from_socket+0x461/0x690 [cifs]
[12537.546263]        cifs_read_from_socket+0xa0/0xe0 [cifs]
[12537.573551]        cifs_demultiplex_thread+0x311/0x2db0 [cifs]
[12537.601045]        kthread+0x30c/0x3d0
[12537.617906]        ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50
[12537.636225]
[12537.636225] -> #2 (root_key_user.cons_lock){+.+.}:
[12537.664525]        __mutex_lock+0x105/0x11f0
[12537.683734]        request_key_and_link+0x35a/0xf70
[12537.705640]        request_key+0x3c/0x80
[12537.723304]        dns_query+0x1db/0x5a5 [dns_resolver]
[12537.746773]        dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip+0x1e1/0x4d0 [cifs]
[12537.775607]        cifs_reconnect+0xe04/0x2500 [cifs]
[12537.798322]        cifs_readv_from_socket+0x461/0x690 [cifs]
[12537.823369]        cifs_read_from_socket+0xa0/0xe0 [cifs]
[12537.847262]        cifs_demultiplex_thread+0x311/0x2db0 [cifs]
[12537.873477]        kthread+0x30c/0x3d0
[12537.890281]        ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50
[12537.908649]
[12537.908649] -> #1 (&tcp_ses->srv_mutex){+.+.}:
[12537.935225]        __mutex_lock+0x105/0x11f0
[12537.954450]        cifs_call_async+0x102/0x7f0 [cifs]
[12537.977250]        smb2_async_readv+0x6c3/0xc90 [cifs]
[12538.000659]        cifs_readpages+0x120a/0x1e50 [cifs]
[12538.023920]        read_pages+0xf5/0x560
[12538.041583]        __do_page_cache_readahead+0x41d/0x4b0
[12538.067047]        ondemand_readahead+0x44c/0xc10
[12538.092069]        filemap_fault+0xec1/0x1830
[12538.111637]        __do_fault+0x82/0x260
[12538.129216]        do_fault+0x419/0xfb0
[12538.146390]        __handle_mm_fault+0x862/0xdf0
[12538.167408]        handle_mm_fault+0x154/0x550
[12538.187401]        __do_page_fault+0x42f/0xa60
[12538.207395]        do_page_fault+0x38/0x5e0
[12538.225777]        page_fault+0x1e/0x30
[12538.243010]
[12538.243010] -> #0 (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}:
[12538.267875]        lock_acquire+0x14c/0x420
[12538.286848]        __might_fault+0x119/0x1b0
[12538.306006]        keyring_read_iterator+0x7e/0x170
[12538.327936]        assoc_array_subtree_iterate+0x97/0x280
[12538.352154]        keyring_read+0xe9/0x110
[12538.370558]        keyctl_read_key+0x1b9/0x220
[12538.391470]        do_syscall_64+0xa5/0x4b0
[12538.410511]        entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x6a/0xdf
[12538.435535]
[12538.435535] other info that might help us debug this:
[12538.435535]
[12538.472829] Chain exists of:
[12538.472829]   &mm->mmap_sem --> root_key_user.cons_lock --> &type->lock_class
[12538.472829]
[12538.524820]  Possible unsafe locking scenario:
[12538.524820]
[12538.551431]        CPU0                    CPU1
[12538.572654]        ----                    ----
[12538.595865]   lock(&type->lock_class);
[12538.613737]                                lock(root_key_user.cons_lock);
[12538.644234]                                lock(&type->lock_class);
[12538.672410]   lock(&mm->mmap_sem);
[12538.687758]
[12538.687758]  *** DEADLOCK ***
[12538.687758]
[12538.714455] 1 lock held by keyctl/25598:
[12538.732097]  #0: 000000003de5b58d (&type->lock_class){++++}, at: keyctl_read_key+0x15a/0x220
[12538.770573]
[12538.770573] stack backtrace:
[12538.790136] CPU: 2 PID: 25598 Comm: keyctl Kdump: loaded Tainted: G
[12538.844855] Hardware name: HP ProLiant DL360 Gen9/ProLiant DL360 Gen9, BIOS P89 12/27/2015
[12538.881963] Call Trace:
[12538.892897]  dump_stack+0x9a/0xf0
[12538.907908]  print_circular_bug.isra.25.cold.50+0x1bc/0x279
[12538.932891]  ? save_trace+0xd6/0x250
[12538.948979]  check_prev_add.constprop.32+0xc36/0x14f0
[12538.971643]  ? keyring_compare_object+0x104/0x190
[12538.992738]  ? check_usage+0x550/0x550
[12539.009845]  ? sched_clock+0x5/0x10
[12539.025484]  ? sched_clock_cpu+0x18/0x1e0
[12539.043555]  __lock_acquire+0x1f12/0x38d0
[12539.061551]  ? trace_hardirqs_on+0x10/0x10
[12539.080554]  lock_acquire+0x14c/0x420
[12539.100330]  ? __might_fault+0xc4/0x1b0
[12539.119079]  __might_fault+0x119/0x1b0
[12539.135869]  ? __might_fault+0xc4/0x1b0
[12539.153234]  keyring_read_iterator+0x7e/0x170
[12539.172787]  ? keyring_read+0x110/0x110
[12539.190059]  assoc_array_subtree_iterate+0x97/0x280
[12539.211526]  keyring_read+0xe9/0x110
[12539.227561]  ? keyring_gc_check_iterator+0xc0/0xc0
[12539.249076]  keyctl_read_key+0x1b9/0x220
[12539.266660]  do_syscall_64+0xa5/0x4b0
[12539.283091]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x6a/0xdf

One way to prevent this deadlock scenario from happening is to not
allow writing to userspace while holding the key semaphore. Instead,
an internal buffer is allocated for getting the keys out from the
read method first before copying them out to userspace without holding
the lock.

That requires taking out the __user modifier from the read methods as
well as additional changes to not use any userspace write helpers.

Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
---
 include/linux/key-type.h                  |  2 +-
 security/keys/big_key.c                   | 11 +++------
 security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c  |  7 +++---
 security/keys/keyctl.c                    | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++--
 security/keys/keyring.c                   |  6 +----
 security/keys/request_key_auth.c          |  7 +++---
 security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c | 14 ++---------
 security/keys/user_defined.c              |  5 ++--
 8 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

Comments

Jarkko Sakkinen March 13, 2020, 1:04 a.m. UTC | #1
On Sun, Mar 08, 2020 at 01:04:09PM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
> +		/*
> +		 * Read methods will just return the required length
> +		 * without any copying if the provided length isn't big
> +		 * enough.
> +		 */
> +		if ((ret > 0) && (ret <= buflen) && buffer &&
> +		    copy_to_user(buffer, tmpbuf, ret))
> +			ret = -EFAULT;

Please, reorg and remove redundant parentheses:

/*
 * Read methods will just return the required length
 * without any copying if the provided length isn't big
 * enough.
 */
if (ret > 0 && ret <= buflen) {
	if (buffer && copy_to_user(buffer, tmpbuf, ret))
		ret = -EFAULT;
}

Now the comment is attached to the exact right thing. The previous
organization is a pain to look at when backtracking commits for
whatever reason in the future.

I'm also wondering, would it be possible to rework the code in a way
that you don't have check whether buffer is valid on a constant basis?

/Jarkko
Waiman Long March 13, 2020, 1:29 p.m. UTC | #2
On 3/12/20 9:04 PM, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
> On Sun, Mar 08, 2020 at 01:04:09PM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
>> +		/*
>> +		 * Read methods will just return the required length
>> +		 * without any copying if the provided length isn't big
>> +		 * enough.
>> +		 */
>> +		if ((ret > 0) && (ret <= buflen) && buffer &&
>> +		    copy_to_user(buffer, tmpbuf, ret))
>> +			ret = -EFAULT;
> Please, reorg and remove redundant parentheses:
>
> /*
>  * Read methods will just return the required length
>  * without any copying if the provided length isn't big
>  * enough.
>  */
> if (ret > 0 && ret <= buflen) {
> 	if (buffer && copy_to_user(buffer, tmpbuf, ret))
> 		ret = -EFAULT;
> }
>
> Now the comment is attached to the exact right thing. The previous
> organization is a pain to look at when backtracking commits for
> whatever reason in the future.
Yes, I can reorganize the code.
> I'm also wondering, would it be possible to rework the code in a way
> that you don't have check whether buffer is valid on a constant basis?

One way to do that is to extract the down_read/up_read block into a
helper function and then have 2 separate paths - one for length
retrieval and another one for reading the key. I think that will make
the code a bit easier easier to read.

Thanks,
Longman
Jarkko Sakkinen March 13, 2020, 3:28 p.m. UTC | #3
On Fri, Mar 13, 2020 at 09:29:47AM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
> One way to do that is to extract the down_read/up_read block into a
> helper function and then have 2 separate paths - one for length
> retrieval and another one for reading the key. I think that will make
> the code a bit easier easier to read.
> 
> Thanks,
> Longman

If it is not too much trouble for you, I think this would be a legit
cleanup to do.

/Jarkko
Waiman Long March 13, 2020, 4:57 p.m. UTC | #4
On 3/13/20 11:28 AM, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
> On Fri, Mar 13, 2020 at 09:29:47AM -0400, Waiman Long wrote:
>> One way to do that is to extract the down_read/up_read block into a
>> helper function and then have 2 separate paths - one for length
>> retrieval and another one for reading the key. I think that will make
>> the code a bit easier easier to read.
>>
>> Thanks,
>> Longman
> If it is not too much trouble for you, I think this would be a legit
> cleanup to do.

Done. Please review the v3 patch.

Thanks,
Longman

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/linux/key-type.h b/include/linux/key-type.h
index 4ded94bcf274..2ab2d6d6aeab 100644
--- a/include/linux/key-type.h
+++ b/include/linux/key-type.h
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@  struct key_type {
 	 *   much is copied into the buffer
 	 * - shouldn't do the copy if the buffer is NULL
 	 */
-	long (*read)(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen);
+	long (*read)(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen);
 
 	/* handle request_key() for this type instead of invoking
 	 * /sbin/request-key (optional)
diff --git a/security/keys/big_key.c b/security/keys/big_key.c
index 001abe530a0d..82008f900930 100644
--- a/security/keys/big_key.c
+++ b/security/keys/big_key.c
@@ -352,7 +352,7 @@  void big_key_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
  * read the key data
  * - the key's semaphore is read-locked
  */
-long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen)
 {
 	size_t datalen = (size_t)key->payload.data[big_key_len];
 	long ret;
@@ -391,9 +391,8 @@  long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
 
 		ret = datalen;
 
-		/* copy decrypted data to user */
-		if (copy_to_user(buffer, buf->virt, datalen) != 0)
-			ret = -EFAULT;
+		/* copy out decrypted data */
+		memcpy(buffer, buf->virt, datalen);
 
 err_fput:
 		fput(file);
@@ -401,9 +400,7 @@  long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
 		big_key_free_buffer(buf);
 	} else {
 		ret = datalen;
-		if (copy_to_user(buffer, key->payload.data[big_key_data],
-				 datalen) != 0)
-			ret = -EFAULT;
+		memcpy(buffer, key->payload.data[big_key_data], datalen);
 	}
 
 	return ret;
diff --git a/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c b/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c
index 60720f58cbe0..f6797ba44bf7 100644
--- a/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c
+++ b/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c
@@ -902,14 +902,14 @@  static int encrypted_update(struct key *key, struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
 }
 
 /*
- * encrypted_read - format and copy the encrypted data to userspace
+ * encrypted_read - format and copy out the encrypted data
  *
  * The resulting datablob format is:
  * <master-key name> <decrypted data length> <encrypted iv> <encrypted data>
  *
  * On success, return to userspace the encrypted key datablob size.
  */
-static long encrypted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
+static long encrypted_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer,
 			   size_t buflen)
 {
 	struct encrypted_key_payload *epayload;
@@ -957,8 +957,7 @@  static long encrypted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
 	key_put(mkey);
 	memzero_explicit(derived_key, sizeof(derived_key));
 
-	if (copy_to_user(buffer, ascii_buf, asciiblob_len) != 0)
-		ret = -EFAULT;
+	memcpy(buffer, ascii_buf, asciiblob_len);
 	kzfree(ascii_buf);
 
 	return asciiblob_len;
diff --git a/security/keys/keyctl.c b/security/keys/keyctl.c
index 9b898c969558..89a14e71eb0a 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyctl.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyctl.c
@@ -846,14 +846,40 @@  long keyctl_read_key(key_serial_t keyid, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
 can_read_key:
 	ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
 	if (key->type->read) {
-		/* Read the data with the semaphore held (since we might sleep)
+		/*
+		 * Read the data with the semaphore held (since we might sleep)
 		 * to protect against the key being updated or revoked.
+		 *
+		 * Allocating a temporary buffer to hold the keys before
+		 * transferring them to user buffer to avoid potential
+		 * deadlock involving page fault and mmap_sem.
 		 */
+		char *tmpbuf = NULL;
+
+		if (buffer && buflen) {
+			tmpbuf = kmalloc(buflen, GFP_KERNEL);
+			if (!tmpbuf) {
+				ret = -ENOMEM;
+				goto error2;
+			}
+		}
 		down_read(&key->sem);
 		ret = key_validate(key);
 		if (ret == 0)
-			ret = key->type->read(key, buffer, buflen);
+			ret = key->type->read(key, tmpbuf, buflen);
 		up_read(&key->sem);
+
+		/*
+		 * Read methods will just return the required length
+		 * without any copying if the provided length isn't big
+		 * enough.
+		 */
+		if ((ret > 0) && (ret <= buflen) && buffer &&
+		    copy_to_user(buffer, tmpbuf, ret))
+			ret = -EFAULT;
+
+		if (tmpbuf)
+			kzfree(tmpbuf);
 	}
 
 error2:
diff --git a/security/keys/keyring.c b/security/keys/keyring.c
index febf36c6ddc5..5ca620d31cd3 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyring.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyring.c
@@ -459,7 +459,6 @@  static int keyring_read_iterator(const void *object, void *data)
 {
 	struct keyring_read_iterator_context *ctx = data;
 	const struct key *key = keyring_ptr_to_key(object);
-	int ret;
 
 	kenter("{%s,%d},,{%zu/%zu}",
 	       key->type->name, key->serial, ctx->count, ctx->buflen);
@@ -467,10 +466,7 @@  static int keyring_read_iterator(const void *object, void *data)
 	if (ctx->count >= ctx->buflen)
 		return 1;
 
-	ret = put_user(key->serial, ctx->buffer);
-	if (ret < 0)
-		return ret;
-	ctx->buffer++;
+	*ctx->buffer++ = key->serial;
 	ctx->count += sizeof(key->serial);
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/security/keys/request_key_auth.c b/security/keys/request_key_auth.c
index ecba39c93fd9..41e9735006d0 100644
--- a/security/keys/request_key_auth.c
+++ b/security/keys/request_key_auth.c
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@  static int request_key_auth_instantiate(struct key *,
 static void request_key_auth_describe(const struct key *, struct seq_file *);
 static void request_key_auth_revoke(struct key *);
 static void request_key_auth_destroy(struct key *);
-static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *, char __user *, size_t);
+static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *, char *, size_t);
 
 /*
  * The request-key authorisation key type definition.
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@  static void request_key_auth_describe(const struct key *key,
  * - the key's semaphore is read-locked
  */
 static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *key,
-				  char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+				  char *buffer, size_t buflen)
 {
 	struct request_key_auth *rka = dereference_key_locked(key);
 	size_t datalen;
@@ -97,8 +97,7 @@  static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *key,
 		if (buflen > datalen)
 			buflen = datalen;
 
-		if (copy_to_user(buffer, rka->callout_info, buflen) != 0)
-			ret = -EFAULT;
+		memcpy(buffer, rka->callout_info, buflen);
 	}
 
 	return ret;
diff --git a/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c b/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c
index d2c5ec1e040b..8001ab07e63b 100644
--- a/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c
+++ b/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c
@@ -1130,11 +1130,10 @@  static int trusted_update(struct key *key, struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
  * trusted_read - copy the sealed blob data to userspace in hex.
  * On success, return to userspace the trusted key datablob size.
  */
-static long trusted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
+static long trusted_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer,
 			 size_t buflen)
 {
 	const struct trusted_key_payload *p;
-	char *ascii_buf;
 	char *bufp;
 	int i;
 
@@ -1143,18 +1142,9 @@  static long trusted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	if (buffer && buflen >= 2 * p->blob_len) {
-		ascii_buf = kmalloc_array(2, p->blob_len, GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (!ascii_buf)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-
-		bufp = ascii_buf;
+		bufp = buffer;
 		for (i = 0; i < p->blob_len; i++)
 			bufp = hex_byte_pack(bufp, p->blob[i]);
-		if (copy_to_user(buffer, ascii_buf, 2 * p->blob_len) != 0) {
-			kzfree(ascii_buf);
-			return -EFAULT;
-		}
-		kzfree(ascii_buf);
 	}
 	return 2 * p->blob_len;
 }
diff --git a/security/keys/user_defined.c b/security/keys/user_defined.c
index 6f12de4ce549..07d4287e9084 100644
--- a/security/keys/user_defined.c
+++ b/security/keys/user_defined.c
@@ -168,7 +168,7 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(user_describe);
  * read the key data
  * - the key's semaphore is read-locked
  */
-long user_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+long user_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen)
 {
 	const struct user_key_payload *upayload;
 	long ret;
@@ -181,8 +181,7 @@  long user_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
 		if (buflen > upayload->datalen)
 			buflen = upayload->datalen;
 
-		if (copy_to_user(buffer, upayload->data, buflen) != 0)
-			ret = -EFAULT;
+		memcpy(buffer, upayload->data, buflen);
 	}
 
 	return ret;