[v7,15/16] exec: Fix dead-lock in de_thread with ptrace_attach
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Message ID AM6PR03MB51700577CF9EF4972FDE568AE4CB0@AM6PR03MB5170.eurprd03.prod.outlook.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Untitled series #263933
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Commit Message

Bernd Edlinger March 30, 2020, 6:26 p.m. UTC
This removes the last users of cred_guard_mutex
and replaces it with a new mutex exec_guard_mutex,
and a boolean unsafe_execve_in_progress.

This addresses the case when at least one of the
sibling threads is traced, and therefore the trace
process may dead-lock in ptrace_attach, but de_thread
will need to wait for the tracer to continue execution.

The solution is to detect this situation and make
ptrace_attach and similar functions return -EAGAIN,
but only in a situation where a dead-lock is imminent.

This means this is an API change, but only when the
process is traced while execve happens in a
multi-threaded application.

See tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c
for a test case that gets fixed by this change.

Signed-off-by: Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de>
---
 fs/exec.c                    | 44 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 fs/proc/base.c               | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
 include/linux/sched/signal.h | 14 +++++++++-----
 init/init_task.c             |  2 +-
 kernel/cred.c                |  2 +-
 kernel/fork.c                |  2 +-
 kernel/ptrace.c              | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 kernel/seccomp.c             | 25 +++++++++++++++++++------
 8 files changed, 123 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

v7: Added "big fat" warning comments, made the change in
proc_pid_attr_write a bit more readable.

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index 0e46ec5..2056562 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -1078,14 +1078,26 @@  static int de_thread(struct task_struct *tsk)
 	struct signal_struct *sig = tsk->signal;
 	struct sighand_struct *oldsighand = tsk->sighand;
 	spinlock_t *lock = &oldsighand->siglock;
+	struct task_struct *t = tsk;
 
 	if (thread_group_empty(tsk))
 		goto no_thread_group;
 
+	spin_lock_irq(lock);
+	while_each_thread(tsk, t) {
+		if (unlikely(t->ptrace))
+			sig->unsafe_execve_in_progress = true;
+	}
+
+	if (unlikely(sig->unsafe_execve_in_progress)) {
+		spin_unlock_irq(lock);
+		mutex_unlock(&sig->exec_guard_mutex);
+		spin_lock_irq(lock);
+	}
+
 	/*
 	 * Kill all other threads in the thread group.
 	 */
-	spin_lock_irq(lock);
 	if (signal_group_exit(sig)) {
 		/*
 		 * Another group action in progress, just
@@ -1429,22 +1441,30 @@  void finalize_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(finalize_exec);
 
 /*
- * Prepare credentials and lock ->cred_guard_mutex.
+ * Prepare credentials and lock ->exec_guard_mutex.
  * install_exec_creds() commits the new creds and drops the lock.
  * Or, if exec fails before, free_bprm() should release ->cred and
  * and unlock.
  */
 static int prepare_bprm_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 {
-	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
+	int ret;
+
+	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
 		return -ERESTARTNOINTR;
 
+	ret = -EAGAIN;
+	if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+		goto out;
+
 	bprm->cred = prepare_exec_creds();
 	if (likely(bprm->cred))
 		return 0;
 
-	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
-	return -ENOMEM;
+	ret = -ENOMEM;
+out:
+	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static void free_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
@@ -1453,7 +1473,10 @@  static void free_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	if (bprm->cred) {
 		if (bprm->called_exec_mmap)
 			mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_update_mutex);
-		mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+		if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+			mutex_lock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
+		current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress = false;
+		mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
 		abort_creds(bprm->cred);
 	}
 	if (bprm->file) {
@@ -1497,19 +1520,22 @@  void install_exec_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
 	if (get_dumpable(current->mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER)
 		perf_event_exit_task(current);
 	/*
-	 * cred_guard_mutex must be held at least to this point to prevent
+	 * exec_guard_mutex must be held at least to this point to prevent
 	 * ptrace_attach() from altering our determination of the task's
 	 * credentials; any time after this it may be unlocked.
 	 */
 	security_bprm_committed_creds(bprm);
 	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_update_mutex);
-	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+	if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+		mutex_lock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
+	current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress = false;
+	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(install_exec_creds);
 
 /*
  * determine how safe it is to execute the proposed program
- * - the caller must hold ->cred_guard_mutex to protect against
+ * - the caller must hold ->exec_guard_mutex to protect against
  *   PTRACE_ATTACH or seccomp thread-sync
  */
 static void check_unsafe_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
index 6b13fc4..eaca36e 100644
--- a/fs/proc/base.c
+++ b/fs/proc/base.c
@@ -2680,14 +2680,30 @@  static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf,
 	}
 
 	/* Guard against adverse ptrace interaction */
-	rv = mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+	rv = mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
 	if (rv < 0)
 		goto out_free;
 
+	/*
+	 * BIG FAT WARNING - Fragile code ahead.
+	 * Please do not insert any code between these two
+	 * if statements.  It may happen that execve has to
+	 * release the exec_guard_mutex in order to prevent
+	 * deadlocks.  In that case unsafe_execve_in_progress
+	 * will be set.  If that happens you cannot assume that
+	 * the usual guarantees implied by exec_guard_mutex
+	 * are valid.  Just return -EAGAIN in that case and
+	 * unlock the mutex immediately.
+	 */
+	rv = -EAGAIN;
+	if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+		goto out_unlock;
+
 	rv = security_setprocattr(PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm,
 				  file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name, page,
 				  count);
-	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+out_unlock:
+	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
 out_free:
 	kfree(page);
 out:
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/signal.h b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
index a29df79..e83cef2 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/signal.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
@@ -212,6 +212,13 @@  struct signal_struct {
 #endif
 
 	/*
+	 * Set while execve is executing but is *not* holding
+	 * exec_guard_mutex to avoid possible dead-locks.
+	 * Only valid when exec_guard_mutex is held.
+	 */
+	bool unsafe_execve_in_progress;
+
+	/*
 	 * Thread is the potential origin of an oom condition; kill first on
 	 * oom
 	 */
@@ -222,11 +229,8 @@  struct signal_struct {
 	struct mm_struct *oom_mm;	/* recorded mm when the thread group got
 					 * killed by the oom killer */
 
-	struct mutex cred_guard_mutex;	/* guard against foreign influences on
-					 * credential calculations
-					 * (notably. ptrace)
-					 * Deprecated do not use in new code.
-					 * Use exec_update_mutex instead.
+	struct mutex exec_guard_mutex;	/* Held while execve runs, except when
+					 * a sibling thread is being traced.
 					 */
 	struct mutex exec_update_mutex;	/* Held while task_struct is being
 					 * updated during exec, and may have
diff --git a/init/init_task.c b/init/init_task.c
index bd403ed..6f96327 100644
--- a/init/init_task.c
+++ b/init/init_task.c
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ 
 	},
 	.multiprocess	= HLIST_HEAD_INIT,
 	.rlim		= INIT_RLIMITS,
-	.cred_guard_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(init_signals.cred_guard_mutex),
+	.exec_guard_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(init_signals.exec_guard_mutex),
 	.exec_update_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(init_signals.exec_update_mutex),
 #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS
 	.posix_timers = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_signals.posix_timers),
diff --git a/kernel/cred.c b/kernel/cred.c
index 71a7926..341ca59 100644
--- a/kernel/cred.c
+++ b/kernel/cred.c
@@ -295,7 +295,7 @@  struct cred *prepare_creds(void)
 
 /*
  * Prepare credentials for current to perform an execve()
- * - The caller must hold ->cred_guard_mutex
+ * - The caller must hold ->exec_guard_mutex
  */
 struct cred *prepare_exec_creds(void)
 {
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index e23ccac..98012f7 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1593,7 +1593,7 @@  static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
 	sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj;
 	sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min;
 
-	mutex_init(&sig->cred_guard_mutex);
+	mutex_init(&sig->exec_guard_mutex);
 	mutex_init(&sig->exec_update_mutex);
 
 	return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/ptrace.c b/kernel/ptrace.c
index 43d6179..19bf69f 100644
--- a/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -392,9 +392,24 @@  static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
 	 * under ptrace.
 	 */
 	retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
-	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
+	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&task->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
 		goto out;
 
+	/*
+	 * BIG FAT WARNING - Fragile code ahead.
+	 * Please do not insert any code between these two
+	 * if statements.  It may happen that execve has to
+	 * release the exec_guard_mutex in order to prevent
+	 * deadlocks.  In that case unsafe_execve_in_progress
+	 * will be set.  If that happens you cannot assume that
+	 * the usual guarantees implied by exec_guard_mutex
+	 * are valid.  Just return -EAGAIN in that case and
+	 * unlock the mutex immediately.
+	 */
+	retval = -EAGAIN;
+	if (unlikely(task->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+		goto unlock_creds;
+
 	task_lock(task);
 	retval = __ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS);
 	task_unlock(task);
@@ -447,7 +462,7 @@  static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
 unlock_tasklist:
 	write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
 unlock_creds:
-	mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+	mutex_unlock(&task->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
 out:
 	if (!retval) {
 		/*
@@ -472,10 +487,29 @@  static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
  */
 static int ptrace_traceme(void)
 {
-	int ret = -EPERM;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
+		return -ERESTARTNOINTR;
+
+	/*
+	 * BIG FAT WARNING - Fragile code ahead.
+	 * Please do not insert any code between these two
+	 * if statements.  It may happen that execve has to
+	 * release the exec_guard_mutex in order to prevent
+	 * deadlocks.  In that case unsafe_execve_in_progress
+	 * will be set.  If that happens you cannot assume that
+	 * the usual guarantees implied by exec_guard_mutex
+	 * are valid.  Just return -EAGAIN in that case and
+	 * unlock the mutex immediately.
+	 */
+	ret = -EAGAIN;
+	if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+		goto unlock_creds;
 
 	write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
 	/* Are we already being traced? */
+	ret = -EPERM;
 	if (!current->ptrace) {
 		ret = security_ptrace_traceme(current->parent);
 		/*
@@ -490,6 +524,8 @@  static int ptrace_traceme(void)
 	}
 	write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
 
+unlock_creds:
+	mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
 	return ret;
 }
 
diff --git a/kernel/seccomp.c b/kernel/seccomp.c
index b6ea3dc..7ebb194 100644
--- a/kernel/seccomp.c
+++ b/kernel/seccomp.c
@@ -329,7 +329,7 @@  static int is_ancestor(struct seccomp_filter *parent,
 /**
  * seccomp_can_sync_threads: checks if all threads can be synchronized
  *
- * Expects sighand and cred_guard_mutex locks to be held.
+ * Expects sighand and exec_guard_mutex locks to be held.
  *
  * Returns 0 on success, -ve on error, or the pid of a thread which was
  * either not in the correct seccomp mode or did not have an ancestral
@@ -339,9 +339,22 @@  static inline pid_t seccomp_can_sync_threads(void)
 {
 	struct task_struct *thread, *caller;
 
-	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex));
+	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex));
 	assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock);
 
+	/*
+	 * BIG FAT WARNING - Fragile code ahead.
+	 * It may happen that execve has to release the
+	 * exec_guard_mutex in order to prevent deadlocks.
+	 * In that case unsafe_execve_in_progress will be set.
+	 * If that happens you cannot assume that the usual
+	 * guarantees implied by exec_guard_mutex are valid.
+	 * Just return -EAGAIN in that case and unlock the mutex
+	 * immediately.
+	 */
+	if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+		return -EAGAIN;
+
 	/* Validate all threads being eligible for synchronization. */
 	caller = current;
 	for_each_thread(caller, thread) {
@@ -371,7 +384,7 @@  static inline pid_t seccomp_can_sync_threads(void)
 /**
  * seccomp_sync_threads: sets all threads to use current's filter
  *
- * Expects sighand and cred_guard_mutex locks to be held, and for
+ * Expects sighand and exec_guard_mutex locks to be held, and for
  * seccomp_can_sync_threads() to have returned success already
  * without dropping the locks.
  *
@@ -380,7 +393,7 @@  static inline void seccomp_sync_threads(unsigned long flags)
 {
 	struct task_struct *thread, *caller;
 
-	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex));
+	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex));
 	assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock);
 
 	/* Synchronize all threads. */
@@ -1319,7 +1332,7 @@  static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
 	 * while another thread is in the middle of calling exec.
 	 */
 	if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC &&
-	    mutex_lock_killable(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
+	    mutex_lock_killable(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
 		goto out_put_fd;
 
 	spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
@@ -1337,7 +1350,7 @@  static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
 out:
 	spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
 	if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC)
-		mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+		mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
 out_put_fd:
 	if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_NEW_LISTENER) {
 		if (ret) {